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牛津译林版8A英语期中预习复习计划专栏评论练习学习进步进修-任务型阅读.doc

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-_牛津译林版8A 英语期中复习专题练习—任务型阅读(1)Every weekend in Britain, DIY shops are always very busy. A large number of people spend their weekends making their homes better instead of relaxing!DIY projects are very popular in Britain and there are lots of TV programmes which show people how they can improve their homes.Some people like simple (简单的) decorating. They often put up wall-paper and paint walls, but there are a lot of different DIY projects that people decide to take on, from changing the new floor to setting a new shower.Unluckily, people bite off more than they can chew (不自量力), and try to take on jobs which end in DIY disasters (灾难). For example, the shops often tell their customers that anything electrical (电的) should be done by an electrician. However, many people don’t care about this warning and put themselves in danger.Something about DIY projects in 1 Weekends in Britain●DIY shops become very busy.● 2 people make their homes better instead of relaxing. 3 to learn DIYBy watching TV.Kinds of DIY Projects●Some people do simple decorating, such as putting  up wall-paper and 4  walls.●Some people take on some difficult improvements, such as changing the new floors and setting a new shower.DIY disastersIt’s 5 that some people try to take on dangerous jobs. They don’t care about the warning and put themselves in danger. 1 2 3 4 5 (2)If you think you're too shy and want to be a little bit braver, try the following. You can make it.There's no need to hide it. When they get to know you are a shy kid, they'll understand you better. This also helps you feel freer in talks.When you smile, people think you are friendly and easy to talk to. Remember that other people have feelings too and most people will stay away from an angry-looking face.If you find it hard to start talks, say something nice about people around you. Think about how great you feel when someone says something good to you. Doesn't it make you want to keep talking to that person?Get your attention(注意) elsewhere. Think more about ways to enjoy the party or the game. Don't waste(浪费) time worrying about your looks or whether (是否)people like you or not.Each time after you say "hi" or smile at someone for the first time, say to yourself "I did it"! Or it could be something bigger, like buying yourself an ice cream.Keep trying and one day you'll never be "shy" when you talk to others.How to be a little braverAdviceReasonsNever 1  the fact.If you tell people you are shy, they will understand you better.Smile more.People don’t 2 the one with an angry-looking face.Start a talk with good words.People will feel 3 and want to talk to youPay more attention elsewhere.It is a waste of time to 4 about others' opinions.Encourage(鼓励) 5 to say hi or smile at someone.Keeping doing this and you will be much braver to talk to others in the future.1 2 3 4 5 (3)Do you often see ants? If the weather is warm, you may see them under the stones. If it is cold, many ants will be in their house under the ground. Most of the ants are workers. They have lots of work to do. They look for food and take care of the young ants. Each family of ants has a queen ant. The queen doesn’t work at all. She is important because she lay eggs. These eggs will become new ants. There are many kinds of ants in America. One kind of these is very strong. They can kill and eat elephants. They move in groups. They eat all the animals they meet while moving on their way. When these ants come near, people leave their homes. Some 1 about AntsHomes They stay in their house under the ground if the weather is cold. So people can see them only on 2 days. 3 1. Workers: They are always busy searching for food and 4 after young ants. 2. Queen ants: She 5 works but she is important to the ant family because she lays eggs. A strong kind They live in America. They move in groups. They eat all the animals on their way, killing elephants and people. 1 2 3 4 5 (4) Everyone has worries, but what do you do with your worries? Whether your worries are big or small, you can take three steps to deal with them. Try to find out the causes. The first step is to find out what you’re worried about. Sometimes you know it, but sometimes you might not. If you can’t make sure what your worries are, you will have more and more new problems in your life .So remember that you must try to find out the causes before you start to deal with them even though it might not be so easy. Think of ways to make it better There is always something you can do to help you feel less worried. Sitting there worrying is no fun and it won't solve your problem. Grades at school are often a top worry for students. If you're worried about grades, ask yourself these questions. ☆ How do I get ready for class? Do I review my notes even when there isn't a test? ☆ Do I have a good place to do my homework? ☆ Have I tried different ways of studying? If your worry is about a fight you had with a friend, you might write down all the things you could do----write a note to him or her, invite him or her to a basketball game, say sorry to him or her, etc. Once you have a list of things you could do, you can choose the one that gets your friend back. Ask for helpWhen you're worried, you can find someone to chat with. You can ask your parents, friends, or teachers for help .They can help you analyze(分析)your problems carefully and solve them easily.Three steps to deal with 1 Try to find out the causesYou will have more problems unless (除非) you make sure 2 your worries are. It is 3 to find out the causes first, although it might be hard. 4 of ways to make it betterDealing with worries about 5 :Ask yourself some questions about your study.Dealing with a 6 with a friend: Get your friend back by writing a 7 , inviting him or her to a basketball game , or 8 sorry to him or her.Ask for helpYou need to 9 with your parents, friends or teachers when you’re worried. With their help, you will solve your problems 10 difficulty.1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 (5)It is said that the eyes are the windows of our soul. However, you have to look after them carefully. Your eyes need everyday care.Firstly, you have to be careful with your diet. Have more fresh fruits, vegetable, fish, egg and milk, It’s good for your eyes. You should also take some Vitamins A and B2 . Secondly, you must have a regular(规律的) and sound sleep. It relaxes the eye muscles(肌肉) and gives them the rest .Sleep can help the body to repair its tired tissues(组织).Usually, you must sleep for at least seven to eight hours every day. Loss of sleep can give you dark circles under the eyes. Next, it’s necessary for you to exercise eyes every day. Blink(眨眼)your eyes at regular time, and it can make the eyeballs watery and give them a good wash. Lastly, you should use your eyes in right ways。Fox example, if a small thing goes into your eye ,you start rubbing(揉)it, it is wrong. Rubbing is harmful to your eyes。 Don’t read or write in poor or bright sunlight because sunlight can make eye tired. Remember to use sunglasses to stop the sunshine from shining directly(直接) into your eyes. Too much reading, writing, watching television or working on the computer can also cause eye tiredness,so a good rest is important. If you always take care of God´s most beautiful gift, your will be very colorful!阅读上面短文,根据短文内容,完成表格中的信息(每空一词)The w___1__ to keep your eyes healthyDiet·Eating food ,such as fresh fruits and vegetables. It’s__2_____ for your eyes.·T____3__ some Vitamins A and B2 . 4 ·Having a regular and sound sleep is a must.·Getting at least seven___5_____ sleep is necessary.Eye ___6___·Exercising your eyes every day.·Blinking your eyes at regular periods can ___7___ your eyeballs Eye using·It’s____8____ to rub it when something goes into your eye.·You have to use sunglasses to keep __9____ from bright sunshine.·You should 10 after reading, writing, watching TV or working on the computer.1. _________ 2. _________ 3. _________ 4. _________ 5. _________6. _________ 7. _________ 8. _________ 9. _________ 10. _________(6)Do you like traveling? How can you make your trip interesting? Here’s some advice.Read!Before you leave, you should find some information about the place, such as its geography, history and people. You can understand that place better by reading.Take photos!If you want to take some photos, remember to choose the most special sights. Don’t choose the sight you can see in other places. For example, Qingdao and Ningbo are coastal (沿海的)cities, so don’t only take photos of the sea. You should take photos of something else, too.Taste!You’d better taste some specials in the area. Food in some places is very delicious. So why not taste it? Maybe you have just one chance to taste it in your life.Write!When you visit a place, you should take a pen and a notebook, so you can write down what you see and what you think during the trip.How to make your trip 1 Read!Before 2 , you should find some 3 about the place, such as its geography, history and people .So you can have a 4 understanding of that place .Take photos!When taking photos, don’t 5 to choose the most special sights,Don’t choose the 6 sight as you see in other places .Taste!Taste some special 7 food in that area because you may have just one 8 to taste it in your life .Write!You should write down what you 9 and what you 10 during the trip. 1._________ 2._________ 3._________ 4._________ 5._________6._________ 7._________ 8._________ 9._________ 10._________ (7)Some birthday customs(习俗) are quite similar(相似) in many parts of the world---- birthday candles, birthday games, and birthday cakes. But some customs are more specific(特殊的) to certain countries. Here are some children talking about their customs. Linda---I am fourteen. I come from Aruba. In our country, Children take something special to school for their classmates and all teachers. Each teacher gives the birthday child a small gift like a pencil, an eraser or a postcard. The birthday child can wear special clothes instead of the school uniform. Lucy---I am one year older than Linda. Denmark is my country. A flag(旗子) is flying outside a window to show that someone who lives in that house is having a birthday. Parents put presents around the child's bed while they are sleeping so they will see them at once when they wake up. Tom---I am as old as Linda. I am from Brazil. The birthday child gets a pull on the earlobe(耳垂) for each year in my country. The birthday person also gives the first piece of cake to his/her most special friend or relative, usually mom or dad.NamesCountriesAgesSpecial customsLindaArubaFourteenEach teacher gets something special from his or her 1 and gives him or her a small 2 The birthday child doesn’t 3 to wear school uniform.LucyDenmark 4 If you see a flag__5 outside a window, you may know someone in that house is 6 a birthday. People will put the 7 around the child’s bed while they are 8 . Tom 9 FourteenThe birthday person gives the 10 piece of cake to his or her mom or dad.1._________ 2._________ 3._________ 4._________ 5._________6._________ 7._________ 8._________ 9._________ 10._________(8)Studying abroad(国外)is an amazing experience, especially when you come to Australia as an overseas(海外的)high school student. You can have a lot of fun here,especially on holidays.There are many festivals in Australia. The most important one is obviously Christmas. Each year, the summer holidays at every high school last about two months from the beginning of December to February, which covers the Christmas time. Since it is a long holiday,most overseas students love to fly back to their countries to spend the time with their families and friends, but a few students still stay in Australia during the holiday to get part-time jobs. It is quite easy to find a part-time job at Christmas. Students often take part in another major social activity. They go to the beach to have fun in the sunshine. The summer in Australia is from December to February, so going to the beach in December is very popular among Australians.Easter in March is another important holiday in the year. It actually combines(使结合) “Good Friday” and “Easter Monday". Almost every shop closes on Good Friday. And people usually go to see Easter Show.The Chinese New Year is not a public holiday in Australia, so every Chinese student still has to go to school to study and do his or her normal things.__1 __ in AustraliaWhich month does summer begin in Australia?In 2 .Which season is Christmas in Australia?In _ 3.____What are 4 activities in December in Australia? 5 to the beach and 6 sunshine.What do people do on Good Friday and Easter?People 7 go shopping, but 8 go to see Easter show._9_do Chinese students do during the Spring Festival in Australia?They continue to do their 10 things.1._________ 2._________ 3._________ 4._________ 5._________6._________ 7._________ 8._________ 9._________ 10._________(9)Have you ever wondered what an American high school is really like? This article will describe a typical (典型的) high school and its students. A typical American high school has several large buildings and enough space for about 1,500 students. Every student is given a locker. When students first arrive at school, they go straight to their lockers to put away or get their textbooks and to hang up their outdoor clothes. As American textbooks are expensive, students would rather rent (租用) than buy them. Students must pay back if they lost any of them. American students have different types of school transport. They usually take a yellow school bus or walk to school if they live close enough. Sometimes their parents drive them to school. When they turn 16 years of age, most take a free driving class at school for one term. If students earn (赚得,挣得) passing grades in the class and also pass their state driver’s exam, they can drive themselves to school. Each day, students take six or seven classes. They must take science, math, English and social studies. They can choose art, homemaking, fashion design and other classes. In some schools students are required (要求)to take one or more of the following special classes: health education, physical education or foreign language studies. Students move to different classrooms for each subject. This is because each teacher has their own classroom. There is a five-minute break between classes, to give the students the time to hurry to their next class. The regular school day usually ends early in the afternoon. After school more than half of the students need to join in after-school activities. These activities include(包括) sports-especially football, basketball, baseball and soccer or clubs, such as yearbook, speech, school newspaper, photograph or student government.____1_____ in an American High SchoolOutlineDetailsIntroductionIt gives an overview of a typical American high school and its ____2_____Lockers and textbooksEvery student has a locker for textbooks and____3_____ clothesThey like to rent textbooks better than to____4_____ them.____5_____ transportStudents usually go to school by bus or on foot. Sometimes their____6_____ send them to school by car.They can____7_____ themselves to school when they are over 16 and have passed the required tests.Classes and classroomsStudents have to take main classes, elective classes(选修课)and sometimes one or more ____8_____ classes.They go to____9_____ classrooms for each subject.After-school activitiesAfter school most of the students take ____10_____ in their favourite activities, including sports and clubs.1._________ 2._________ 3._________ 4._________ 5._________6._________ 7._________ 8._________ 9._________ 10._________(10) As you know, homework is a big part of going to school. Luckily, here is some advice for you to make homework easy. Make a homework plan Most middle school students have two or three hours of homework a night. If it is a heavy homework day, you may need to spend even more time. It is a good idea to come up with some kind of homework schedule(进度表), especially if you are going to do sports or other activities after school. Watch where you work A bedroom, study or any quiet place is good for you to do your homework. But don't study on your comfortable bed, or you might fall asleep there. Have a rest Most people's attention (注意力) don't last(持续) very long, so have a rest while doing your homework. Sitting for too long without relaxing will make you less productive(多产的) than if you stop to have a rest. Having a 15-minute rest every hour is a good way for most people. Get help when you need it Sometimes even though(即使) you are listening carefully in class, some subjects seem too hard. The first person to ask for help is your teacher. He or she may be able to work with you before or after school and explain(解释) things more clearly. Your classmates may also be able to help you. However, this might not give you the results(结果) you want. Lots of people understand something well but are not able to explain it. Title: Homework HelpTopicHomework can be quite hard, but there is something you can do to make homework ___1___. Useful ____2_____Making ahomework planHeavy homework means spending more ____3____ on your study, so it is a good idea to have a homework plan so that you can ___4___all kinds of after-school activities. _____5_____where you workIt is necessary for you to study in a ___6_____ place, so a bedroom or a study is a good choice(选择). Having a restIf you ___7___for too long without relaxing, your mind may wander(漫游). To keep productive,it is a good idea for most people to have a rest for 15 ____8____every hour. Getting helpThe ____9____ one you can ask for help is your teacher. You may also get ____10____ from your classmates but this may not give you what you want. 1. ____________ 2. ____________ 3. ____________ 4. ____________ 5. ____________6. ____________ 7. ____________ 8. ____________ 9. ____________ 10. ____________参考答案(1)1..Britain 2. Many 3. Way 4. painting 5. unlucky(2)1. hide; 2. like; 3. great; 4. worry / care; 5. yourself; (3)1. facts 2. warm 3 jobs 4. looking 5 never (4)1. worries 2. what 3. important/ necessary 4. Think 5. grades 6. fight 7. note 8. say 9. chat/talk 10. without (5)1.Ways 2.good 3.Taking 4. sleep 5. hours’, 6.exercising 7.wash 8.rub 9.away 10.rest(6)1. interesting 2.leaving 3.information 4.better 5. forget 6. same 7. delicious 8. chance 9. see 10.think(7)1.student/students 2.gift 3.need\ have 4.Fifteen/15 5.flying 6.having 7.presents 8.sleeping 9.Brazil 10.first (8)1.Holidays 2.December 3.summer 4.popular 5.Going 6.enjoying 7. seldom 8.usually 9. What 10.normal(9)1. Life 2. students 3. outdoor 4. buy 5. School 6. parents 7. drive 8. special 9. different 10. Part(10) 1.easy 2. advice 3. time 4.do 5.Watching 6. quiet 7. sit 8. minutes 9.first 10.help
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