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七年级.上册英语基础入门知识资料体系梳理.doc

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年级 上册 英语 基础 入门 知识 资料 体系 梳理
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-_七年级上册英语知识体系梳理标题字母/语法句型单词/短语Starter Unit 1: Good morning!1. 字母A-H2. 字母A,E的发音1. Good morning, Alice! Good afternoon, Eric! Good evening, Bob!2. Hello, Frank! Hi, Cindy!3. How are you? Fine, thanks.I, you, am, are, fine, OK, good, hello, hi, how, thanksGood morning, Good afternoon, Good evening Starter Unit 2: What’s this in English?1. 字母I-R2. 字母A,E,I,O的发音3. What疑问句1. What’s this in English? It’s an orange. Spell it, please. O-R-A-N-G-E.2. What’s this in English? It’s a jacketmap, key, jacket, cup, ruler, pen, orange, a/an, it ,this, that, is ,what, spell, please in EnglishStarter Unit 3: What color is it?1. 字母S-Z2. 字母A-Z的回顾3. A,E,I,O,U字母的发音4. What疑问句1. What’s this / that? It’s V. What color is it? It’s red.color, red, yellow, green, blue, black, white, purple, brown, theUnit 1: My name’s Gina.1. 现在时态to be2. What疑问句3. Yes / No疑问句及简短回答4. 物主形容词my,your,his,her1. What’s your name? Alan. Hello, Alan. I’m Ms. Brown. Nice to meet you.2. Are you Helen? No, I’m not. I’m Gina.3. What’s your telephone number? It’s 281-9176.name, telephone / phone, number, your, his, her, he, she, yes, no, first, lastNumbers 0-9first / last name, middle school, telephone / phone numberUnit 2: This is my sister.1. 指示代词 this,these, that, those2. Who疑问句3. 主语代词I, he, she, they4. 复数名词1. Who’s she? She’s my sister.2. This / That is my friend Jane.3. These / Those are my brothers.family, mother, mom, father, dad, parents, grandmother / grandma, grandfather / grandpa, grandparents, brother, sister, cousin, aunt, uncle, son, daughter, these, those, whoUnit 3: Is this your pencil?1. 所有格名词 mine, yours, his, hers2. Yes / No疑问句及简短回答1. Is this your pencil? Yes, it is. I’s mine.2. Are these your books? No, they aren’t. They’re hers.pencil, pencil box, schoolbag, book, eraser, notebook,dictionary, bag, baseball, computer game, ID card, watch, ring, mine, yours, his, hersUnit 4: Where is my school bag?1. Where疑问句2. 介词on, in, under3. 连词and1. Where’s his pencil box? It’s in his schoolbag.2. Where’s your ruler? It’s under the chair.3. Where are my books? They’re on the sofa.room, table, bed, sofa, chair, desk, radio, clock, tape player, model plane, on, under, where, theircome onUnit 5: Do you have a soccer ball?1. 现在时态have2. Yes / No疑问句和简短回答3. 肯定和否定陈述4. 连词but1. Do you have a ping-pong bat? Yes, I do. / No, I don’t. I have a ping-pong ball.2. Does she have a tennis ball? No, she doesn’t. She has a basketball.sports, tennis ball, ping-pong, soccer, volleyball, TV, interesting, boring, fun, difficult, relaxing, easy, do, does, Unit 6: Do you like bananas?1.现在时态like2. Yes / No疑问句和简短回答3.肯定和否定陈述4.可数/不可数名词1. Do you like salad?Yes, I do. / No, I don’t.2. He likes ice-cream.He doesn’t vegetables.food, hamburger, tomato, ice-cream, salad, banana, strawberry, pear, milk, bread, chicken, vegetable, fruit, apple, rice, egg, carrot, breakfast, lunch, dinner, think aboutUnit 7: How much are these socks?How much疑问句1. How much is the hat? It’s five dollars.2. How much is this / that T-shirt? It’s seven dollars.3. How much are these / those socks? They’re two dollars.clothes, socks, T-shirt, shorts, sweater, trousers, shoes, skirt, dollar, big, small, short, longnumbers 10-3how much, a pair of Unit 8: When is your birthday?1. When疑问句2. 所有格’s1. When is your birthday? My birthday is on May 2nd.2. When is her birthday? It’s in August.3. When is Sally’s birthday party? It’s on October 5th. month, January, February, March, April, May June, July, August, September, October, November, DecemberNumbers 1st – 31st English test, school trip, birthday party, basketball / soccer game, art festival, Sports Day, English Day, School Day, book saleUnit 9: My favorite subject is science.What / Why /When / Who疑问句1. What’s your favorite subject? My favorite subject is P.E. Why do you like P.E.? Because it’s fun. Who’s your P.E. teacher? Mr. Hu.2. When is your geography class? It’s on Friday.subject, P.E, science, music, math, geography, Chinese, history, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday, favorite, useful, cool, free, lesson, why, becausefor sure, from…to…七年级下册英语知识体系梳理标题语法句型单词/短语1. Can you play the guitar?1. 情态动词can2. Yes / No疑问句与简短回复3. What 疑问句1. Can you swim? Yes, I can. / No, I can’t.2. What can you do? I can dance. / I can’t sing.3. What club do you want to join? We want to join the chess club.dance, swim, sing, draw, write, tell, talk, speak, join, drum, piano, violin, musicianspeak English, play chess, play the guitar / violin, be good at, be good with, talk to, help ( sb. ) with, make friends, on the weekend / on weekends 2. What time do you go to school?1. What time疑问句2. When 疑问句3.频率副词1. What time do you usually get up? I usually get up at six thirty.2. What time does Rick eat breakfast? He eats breakfast at seven o’clock.3. When does Scott go to work? He always goes to work at eleven o’clock.run, brush,clean, exercise, walk, work, taste, usually, always, sometimes, never, quarter, forty, fiftyget dressed, brush one’s teeth, eat breakfast, take a shower3.How do you go to school?1. How 疑问句2. How long 疑问句3. How far 疑问句1. How do you get to school? I ride my bike.2. How long does it take to get to school? It takes about 20 minutes.3. How far is it from your home to school? It’s about two kilometers.train, bus, subway, bike, car, boat, river, year, minute, kilometer, sixty, seventy, eighty, ninety, hundred, ride, drive, live, leave, cross4. Don’t eat in class.1. 祈使语句 ( Don’t…)2. Can的允许用法3. 情态动词have to, must1. Don’t eat in the classroom!2. We can’t arrive late for class. We must be on time.3. Can we wear a hat in class? Yes, we can. / No, we can’t.4. We have to clean the classroom. We have to follow the rules.rule, dish, night, luck, hair, arrive, listen, fight, wear, bring, practice, relax, read, feel, remember, follow, keep, learn, quiet, noisy, dirty, terrible, strictarrive late for class, be on time, listen to music, go out, do the dishes, make one’s bed, be strict with…, follow the rules5. Why do you like pandas? 1. Why, What, Where疑问句2. Because…3. 性质形容词1. What animals do you like? I like koalas. Why do you like koalas? Because they’re very cute. Where are koalas from? They’re from Australia.tiger, elephant, koala, panda, lion, giraffe, smart, cute, lazy, friendly, beautiful, shy, South Africa, Australiakind of, in great danger, cut down trees6. I’m watching TV.1. 现在进行时(1)2. What疑问句3. Yes / No疑问句与简短回复1. What are you doing? I’m doing my homework.2. What’s she doing? She’s washing her clothes.3. Is he reading? Yes, he is.4. What time is it? It’s eight o’clock in the morning.newspaper, movie, tea, house, pool, supermarket, living room, race, wash, drink, study, miss, wish, young, deliciousread a newspaper, eat out, go to the movies, miss one’s family, wish to do sth.7. It’s raining!1. 现在进行时(2)2. How疑问句3. What疑问句1. How’s the weather? It’s raining. / It’s sunny.2. How’s it going? It’s great.3. What are they doing? They’re playing basketball in the park.weather, rain, snow, winter, summer, vacation, message, sunny, cloudy, windy, snowy, hot, dry, cold, cool, warm, visit, skatehave a good time, take a message, tell him to call me back8. Is there a post office near here?1. There be结构2. Where疑问句3. 位置介词1. Is there a restaurant near your house? Yes, there is. It’s on the Center Street. Where’s the supermarket? It’s next to the library. Where are the pay phones? They’re in front of the post office.post office, police station, hotel, restaurant, bank, hospital, town, street, road, next to, across from, near, between, in front of, behind, turn, enjoy, spendturn left / right, go along, on your left, spend time, enjoy reading books9. What does he look like?1. What疑问句2. 形容词描述3. 选择疑问句1. What does he look like? He’s of medium build.2. Is he tall or short? He’s tall.3. Do they have straight or curly hair? They have curly hair.Straight, tall, thin, heavy, round, handsome, face, mouth, eye, nose, glasses, actor, actress, put, describeBe of medium height / build, look like, wear glasses, a little, in the end10. I’d like some noodles.1. would like2. What疑问句3. some / any1. What kind of noodles would you like? I’d like beef and tomato noodles, please. What size would you like? I’d like a small / medium / large bowl. Would you like any drinks? One large green tea.beef, noodles, cabbage, potato, meat, fish, dumpling, soup, pancake, cake, bowl, size, order, large, popular, specialwould like, take one’s order, one bowl of…, blow out…, make a wish, get popular, cut up…,bring good luck to…11. How was your school trip?1. 简单过去时态(1)2. How疑问句3. Yes / No疑问句和简短回复3. 形容词描述1. How was your school trip? It was great. Did you go to zoo? No, I didn’t. I went to the farm. Were the strawberries good? Yes, they were.countryside, cow, horse, farm, farmer, flower, sun, museum, fire, robot, guide, gift, feed, grow, pick, excellent, lovely, slow, fast, expensive, cheap, dark, exciting, interested, anything, everythinggo for a walk, milk a cow, ride a horse, feed chickens, take some photos, talk with a farmer, grow apples, in the countryside, all in all, be interested in…12. What did you do last weekend?1. 简单过去时态(2)2. What疑问句3. Who疑问句1. How was your weekend? It was great. What did you do last weekend? I played soccer. Who did you play with? I played with my friend.Lake, beach, keep, kite, moon, snake, forest, surprise, pretty,natural, shout, fly, stay, move, jump, wakeCamp by the lake, go to the beach, play badminton, stay up late, fly a kite, get a terrible surprise, shout at / to…, wake…up, put up…,jump up and down八年级上册英语知识体系梳理标题语法句型单词/短语Unit 1 Where did you go on vacation?1. 不定代词2. 一般过去时的动词规则变化与不规则变化Where did you go on vacation?I went to New York City.Did you go out with anyone?No. No one was here. Everyone was on vacation.How was the food?Everything tasted really good!decide ,try, wonder, dislike, wonderful, bored, anyone, someone, everyone, something, nothing, anywherequite a few, of course, feel like, because ofUnit 2 How often do you exercise?1. How often 的句型2. 频率副词的用法What do you usually do on weekends? I always exercise.What does she do on weekends?She sometimes goes shopping.How often do you go to the movies?I go to the movies maybe once a month.housework, junk food, hardly ever, once, twiceuse the Internet, go online, such as, more than, less than, at leastUnit 3 I’m more outgoing than my sister.1. 加“–(i)er”和加more 的比较级用法2. both和as…as…的用法Is Tom smarter than Sam?No, he isn’t. Sam is smarter than Tom.Does Tara work as hard as Tina?Yes, she does.Who’s more hard-working at school?Tina thinks she works harder than me.outgoing, hard-working, serious, loud, necessary, fantastic, similar, both, betterloudly, quietly, clearly, trulyas long as, in fact, be different from, be similar to, he same as, bring out, care aboutUnit 4 What’s the best movie theater?1. 加“–(i)est” 和加most 的最高级用法2. 不规则变化的比较:good, better, best; bad, worse, worstWhat’s the best movie theater to go to?Town Cinema. It’s the closest to home. And you can buy tickets the most quickly there. Which is the worst clothes store in town?Dream Clothes. It has the worst service. What do you think of 970 AM?I think 970 AM is pretty bad.comfortable, fresh, poor, close, worse, worstcheaply, carefully, comfortably, beautifully, seriouslyso far, have…in common, all kinds of, be up to, play a role, make up, for exampleUnit 5 Do you want to watch a game show?不定式(to do)用作宾语Do you want to watch the news?Yes, I do./No, I don’t.What do you plan to watch Days of Our Past.What do you think of talk shows?I don’t mind them./I can’t stand them!/I love watching them!sitcom, news, soap opera, comedy, action movie, cartoonplan, hope, happen, expecteducational, meaningless, famous, rich, successfulfind out, be ready to, dress up, take sb’s place, do a good jobUnit 6 I’m going to study computer science.1. be going to 用于表将来2. Want to be 的用法What do you want to be when you grow up?I want to be an engineer.How are you going to do that?I’m going to study math really hard.When are you going to start?I’m going to start when I finish high school and college.computer programmer, cook, doctor, engineer, violinist, pilot, pianist, scientist, driver, college, university, education, medicinegrow up, make sure, be able to, write down, have to do with, take upUnit 7 Will people have robots?1. will用于表将来2. 用more, less, fewer来表示数量多少What will the future be like?Cities will be more polluted. And there will be fewer trees.Will there be world peace?Yes, I hope so.Will people use money in 100 years?No, they won’t.prediction, future, pollution, environment, planet, earth, peace, sea, sky, astronaut, rocket, space station, holidaypossible, impossible, probablyplay a part, over and over again, hundreds of, fall down, look forUnit 8 How do you make a banana milk shake?1. 命令式2. 可数/不可数名词3. How much / How many引导的问句4. 副词的顺序How do you make a banana milk shake?First, peel the bananas. Next, put the bananas in the blender.Then, pour the milk into the blender.Finally, turn on the blender.How many bananas do you need?We need three bananas.How much yogurt do we need?We need one cup of yogurt.milk shake, blender, spoon, oven, plate, pot, yogurt, honey, watermelon, salt, sugar, sandwich, cheese, turkey, butter, pepperpeel, pour, add, mix, fill, cover, turn on Unit 9 Can you come to my party?1. Can 表邀请的用法2. 情态动词 might的用法Can you come to my party on Saturday?Sure, I’d love to./Sorry, I must study for a math test.Can he go to the party?No, he can’t. He has to help his parents.Can they go to the movies?No, they’re not free.They might have to meet their friends.invitation, preparation, exam, concert, fluprepare, catch, invite, accept, refuse, replyavailable, sad, glad, surprisedprepare for, another time, hang out, look after, turn down, look forward to, hear fromUnit 10 If you go to the party, you’ll have a great time!1. if引导的条件状语从句的用法(主将从现)if +will的句式2. 情态动词 should 的用法I think I’ll take the bus to the party.If you do, you’ll be late.What will happen if they have the party today?If they have it today, half the class won’t come.Should we ask people to bring food?If we ask people to bring food, they’ll just bring potato chips and chocolate.advice, experience, mistakeorganize, travel, advise, solve, trustupset, angry, understanding, careless, careful, normalkeep …to oneself, in half八年级下册英语知识体系梳理标题语法句型单词/短语Unit 1 What’s the matter?1. Have 一词用于谈论健康问题及事件2. 情态动词 should/shouldn’t 用于表建议3. 反身代词What’s the matter? I have a stomachache.What’s the matter with Ben?Does he have a toothache? Yes, he does.What should she do?She should take her temperature.foot, knee, neck, stomach, throat, matter, cough, fever, headache, stomachache, toothache, nurse, blood, rest, X-ray, situation, spirit, trouble, deathhit, hurt, lie, resthave a cold, take breaks, get off, right away, get into, cut off, give upUnit 2 I’ll help to clean up the city parks.1. 不定式做宾语,状语以及宾语补足语2. 情态动词could 表建议3. 动词短语I’d like to help homeless people. You could ask hospitals to let you visit the kids and cheer them up.She volunteers there once a week to help kids learn to read.I’m making some signs to put up around the school.feeling, interest, difficulty, kindness, satisfactiondisabled, blind, deaf, lonely, strong, cleverclean up, cheer up, give out, hand out, give away, care for, fix up, put off, come up with, call up, take after, try out, set upUnit 3 Could you please clean your room? 1. Could 用作表示礼貌的请求2. Could 用作表示请求许可3. Make 与 do 用法的比较Could I go out for dinner with my friends? Sure that should be OK.Could we get something to drink after the movie?No, you can’t. You have a basketball game tomorrow.Could you please take the dog for a walk?OK, but I want to watch one show first.floor, mess, neighbor, rubbish, shirt, waste, stressfold, sweep, throw, pass, borrow, lend, hate, depend, develop, provide, dropfair, unfairall the time, as soon as, in order to, depend on, take care ofUnit 4 Why don’t you talk to your parents?1. 情态动词could 和 should 的用法2. 你为什么不…?句型的用法3. 连接词until, so that 和although 的用法What should I do?Why don’t you forget about it? Although she’s wrong, it’s not a big deal.What should he do?He should talk to his friend so that he can say he’s sorry.Maybe you could go to his house.I guess I could, but I don’t want to surprise him.communication, relationallow, argue, cause, communicate, compare, compete, continue, copy, explain, guess, offer, push, returnwrong, quick, clear, crazy, nervous, proper, typical, usualinstead, perhaps, secondlylook through, work out, get on with, compare…with, in one’s opinionUnit 5 What were you doing when the rainstorm came?1. 连接词when 与 while 的用法2. 用过去进行时来提问与陈述事情What were you doing at eight last night?I was taking a shower.What was he doing when the rainstorm came?He was reading in the library when the rainstorm came.What was Jenny doing while Linda was sleeping?While Linda was sleeping, Jenny was helping Mary with her homework.date, area, storm, wind, light, match, silence beat, begin, realize, report, rise, strange, asleepcompletely, suddenly, heavily, recentlygo off, pick up, fall asleep, die down, have a look, make one’s way, take down, as firstUnit 6 An old man tried to move the mountains.连接词unless, as soon as 和so…that的用法How does the story begin?Once upon a time, there was a very old man…What happened next?As soon as the man finished talking, Yu Gong said that his family could continue to move the mountains after he died.Why was Yu Gong trying to move the mountains?Because they were so big that it took a long time to walk to the other side.god, couple, husband, wife, object, gold, silk, stick, stone, tail, voice, groundremind, fit, hide, lead, marry, shine, simile, cheatbrave, stupid, silly, weak, Western, magic once upon a time, turn…into, fall in love, get married, a little bit, instead of Unit 7 What’s the highest mountain in the world?1. 大数目的用法2. 形容词与副词的比较级与最高级的用法What’s the highest mountain in the world?Qomolangma.How high is Qomolangma?It’s 8,844.43 meters high. It’s higher than any other mountain.Did you know that China is one of the oldest countries in the world?Yes, I did. It’s much older than the US.nature, desert, ocean, square, meter, bamboo, adult, illness, force, population, condition, government, excitementachieve, include, protect, succeed, weighdeep, wide, wild, thick, huge, ancient, endangeredfeel free, take in, walk into, fall over, or so, as far as I know, in the face of, at birth, up toUnit 8 Have you read Treasure Island yet?already 和 yet 这两个词与现在完成时连用Have you read Little Women yet?Yes, I have./No, I haven’t.Has Tina read Treasure Island yet?Yes, she has. She thinks it’s fantastic.Have you decided which book to write about yet?Yes, I have. I’ve already finished reading it. It was really good.page, fiction, pop fan, million, record, line, success, beauty, technologytreasure, island, ship, sand, land, mark, gun, toolintroduce, belongforever, abroadfull of, hurry up, ever since, one anotherUnit 9 Have you ever been to a museum?been, ever 和 never这三个词与现在完成时连用Have you ever been to a science museum?No, I’ve never been to a science museum. Have you ever visited the space museum?Yes, I have. I went there last year.I’ve never been to a water park.Me neither.camera, toile, province, spring, foxcollect, encourage, fear, progressrapid, peaceful, perfect, safe, unbelievable, unusual, socialwhenever, whethera couple of, thousands of, on the one hand…on the other hand…, all year roundUnit 10 I’ve had this bike for three years.since和 for这两个词与现在完成时连用How long have you had that bike over there?I’ve had it for three years.How long has his son owned the train and railway set?He’s owned it since his fourth birthday.Have you ever played football?Yes, I did when I was little, but I haven’t played for a while now.yard sale, soft toy, bread maker, scarf, board game, hometown, memory, childhoodown, search, hold, regard, considercertain, soft, sweet, truthfulaccording to, to be honest, as for, check out, part with, no longer, close to九年级全册知识体系梳理标题语法句型单词/短语Unit 1 How can we become good learners?动词+by+动名词的用法1. How do you learn English? I learn by studying with a group.2. Do you learn English by reading aloud? Yes, I do. It helps my pronunciation.3. How can I read faster? You can read faster by reading word groups.ability, attention, brain, conversation, expression, grammar, knowledge, note, pronunciation, secret, speed, textbookconnect, create, discover, increase, pronounce, repeat, review active, patientpay attention to, connect…with, fall in love withUnit 2 I think that mooncakes are delicious!1. 用that, if 和 whether引导的宾语从句2. 感叹句1. I know that the Water Festival is really fun.2. I wonder if they’ll have the races again next year.3. I wonder whether June is a good time to visit Hong Kong. 4. What fun the Water Festival is!5. How pretty the dragon boats were!business, Christmas, dessert, fool, garden, novel, present, pound, relative, stranger, tie, treat, warmthadmire, lay, lie, punish, spread, steal, warnwash away, lay out, dress up, put onUnit 3 Could you please tell me where the restrooms are?以wh- 问句引导的宾语从句1. Excuse me, do you know where I can buy some medicine?Sure, There’s a supermarket down the street.2. Could you please tell me how to get to the post office?Sorry, I’m not sure how to get there.3. I wonder where we should go next. You should try that new ride over there. address, bathroom, choice, corner, direction, postcard, restroom, speaker, stamprush, suggestcentral, convenient, correct, direct, east, polite, undergroundUnit 4 I used to be afraid of the dark.Used to 的用法1. I didn't use to be popular in school.2. You used to be short, didn't you? Yes, I did./No, I didn't.3. Did he used to wear glasses? Yes, he did./No, he didn't. ant, background, examination, guard, introduction, pride, score, speechfall, influence, interview, requireabsent, general, helpful, humorous, private, proud, silentbe proud of, from time to time, take pride in, deal with, in person Unit 5 What are the shirts made of?被动语态(一般现在时)1. Are your shirts made of cotton? Yes, they are. And they were made in the US.2. What's the model plane made of? It's made of used wood and glass.3. How is tea grown? It's planted on the sides of mountains. balloon, blouse, cap, chopstick, coin, fork, form, glass, glove, grass, handbag, heat, leaf, material, product, scissors, steel, surfaceavoid, complete, paint, processinternational, lively, localno matter, even thoughUnit 6 When was it invented?被动语态(一般过去时)1. When was he zipper invented? It was invented in 1893.2. Who was it invented by? It was invented by Whitcomb Judson.3. What is the hot ice-cream scoop used for? It's used for serving really cold ice-cream. basket, customer, fridge, hero, instrument, doubt, pioneer, pleasure, project, purpose, smell, style, websitedivide, list, mention, produce, translateby accident, by mistake, look up to, take place, without doubt, all of a suddenUnit 7 Teenagers should be allowed to choose their own clothes. 1. Should + be allowed to的用法2. 情态动词用于被动语态的用法1. I don't think sixteen-year-olds should be allowed to drive. I agree. They aren't serious enough.2. Teenagers must not be allowed to have part-time jobs. I disagree. They can learn a lot from workingpart-time job, chance, community, license, safety, societycry, educate, enter, hug, lift, manage, regret, smoke, supportget in the way of, keep away from, talk/shout back, make one's own decisionUnit 8 It must belong to Carla.must, might,could,与can’t作推论1. Whose vo
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本文标题:七年级.上册英语基础入门知识资料体系梳理.doc
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