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七年级.英语上册英语预习复习计划要点(人教版.~).doc

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年级 英语 上册 预习 复习计划 要点 人教版
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-_七年级上册英语重点、难点知识总结:(Starter )Unit 1.1. Good morning / afternoon / evening. 早上好/ 下午好 / 晚上好。2. How are you! 你好吗? /    How is your mother? 你的妈妈好吗?I’m fine / OK, thanks. 我很好,谢谢!/   She is fine. 她身体好。 And you ? 你呢?(Starter )Unit 2.1. What’s this in English? 这个用英语怎么说? What’s this? 这个是什么?    It’s a map / an orange. 它是一张地图 / 它是一个桔子。2. Spell it, please. 请拼写它。    How do you spell it? 你怎样拼写它?(Starter )Unit 3.1. What color is it? 它是什么颜色? What color is your pen? 你的钢笔是什么颜色?2. It’s red / blue / black and white. 它是红色 / 蓝色 / 黑白色。Unit 1.1. What’s your name? 你叫什么名字? What’s her / his name? 她 / 他叫什么名字?2. What’s your first name你的名是什么?  What’s your last / family name? 你姓什么?(last name = family name)3. I’m Mary. = My name is Mary. 我叫玛丽。   She is Mary. = Her name is Mary. 她叫玛丽。4. Nice to meet you! 见到你真高兴。 Nice to meet you too. 见到你也很高兴。5. What’s your telephone number? 你的电话号码是什么?(对电话号码提问用what)Unit 2.1. Excuse me. 打扰了。     Is this / that your pencil? 这个 / 那个是你的铅笔吗?    Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t. 是的,它是。/ 不,不是。( 回答时常用it替代上文中的this和that )2. This / That is my ruler. 这个 / 那个是我的尺子。 3. Please call Mary at 495-3539. 请给Mary 打电话:495-3539. (call sb at + 电话号码)Please call Mary. 请给Mary 打电话。     Please call 495-3539. 请拨打495-3539.   4.短语: call sb at + 电话号码(at译为“按照”,此短语意思是“按照某个电话号码给某人打电话)       pencil case文具盒 computer game电脑游戏  lost and found失物招领 lost and found case 失物招领箱Unit 3.1. This / That is my sister. 这位 / 那位是我的姐姐。 此句的复数形式是:    These / Those are my sisters. 这些 / 那些是我的姐姐们。 (this/ that的复数分别是these / those)2. It is a watch. 复数形式是:They are some watches.  (he / she / it 复数都是they,和this/that的复数不同)3. Is he / Guo Peng your brother? 他 / 郭鹏是你的哥哥吗?Yes, he is. / No, he isn’t. 是的,他是。 / 不,他不是。4. Thanks for the photo of your family. 感谢你寄来你的家庭照(全家福)。句中thanks = thank you,  另外the photo of your family = your family photo5. Here is my family photo. 这儿是我的家庭照。 Here are some books. 这儿有一些书。There is a picture and three pencils on the desk. 桌子上有一幅画和三支铅笔。There are many photos in the drawer.  抽屉里有许多照片。(here / there 后的be动词单复数形式要以紧随其后的名词单复数来定)Unit 4.1. Where is my backpack? 我的背包在哪儿? Where are the books? 那些书在哪儿?2. It’s / They’re in the drawer / under the bed / on the bookcase.它 / 它们在抽屉里 / 床底下 / 书柜上。  (注意主语和be动词照应)3. Is it / Is the book / Are they on the bed / in the backpack / under the desk?它 / 这本书 / 它们在床上 / 背包里 / 桌子下吗?4. Can you bring some things to school? 你能带些东西去学校吗?    some一般用在肯定的陈述句中,any用在否定句(“任何”)或疑问句(“某些,一些”)中。但如果表示期待对方肯定的回答或表请求和建议,疑问句中常用some。如上句。5. take …to … 把…带到…    Please take your sister to school. 请把你的妹妹带到学校。    bring 表从另一处带到这儿。take 表从这儿带到另一处。方向正好相反。Unit 5.1. Do you have a soccer ball? 你有一个足球吗? Yes, I do. / No, I don’t.    Does she have a tennis racket? 她有一个网球拍吗? Yes, she does. / No, she doesn’t.    (谓语是实义动词的时候,疑问句形式:do / does 提前到主语前,主语后面的动词用原形)2. I don’t have a soccer ball. 我没有一个足球。 She doesn’t have a volleyball. 她没有排球。(谓语是实义动词的时候,否定形式:do /does +not + 动词原形)3. Let me / him / us play soccer. 让我 / 他 / 我们踢足球吧。(let后面的动词用原形)4. That sounds good / great / interesting / boring.那听起来不错 /好极了 /有趣 /无聊。(that指代上文之事)5. I / We / They / You / The kids have 8 baseballs. 我 / 我们 / 他们 / 孩子们有8个棒球。    She / He / My brother / The boy has 8 baseballs. 她 /他 /我哥哥 /那个男孩有8个棒球。(注意以上各句主语和谓语的照应:主语是单三,谓语也用单三;主语不是单三,谓语也不用单三。)6. 本单元短语:tennis racket网球拍     ping-pong bat乒乓球拍ping-pong / soccer / tennis ball 乒乓球/ 足球/ 网球(指物品)play tennis /basketball /baseball /ping-pong /volleyball /soccer /football “打…,踢…”(指运动)play computer games 打电脑游戏   on TV在电视上(通过电视)  every day每天Unit 6.1. Do you like bananas / hamburgers / salad…? 你喜欢香蕉 / 汉堡包 / 沙拉……吗?Yes, I do. / No, I don’t. 是的,我喜欢。/ 不,我不喜欢。2. like doing sth. = like to do sth. 喜欢做某事. 如:She likes helping / to help students. 她喜欢帮学生。3. 短语:for breakfast / lunch / dinner / dessert 对早餐/ 午餐/ 晚餐/ 甜食来说    running star 跑步明星    lots of = a lot of ( 后既可接可数名词复数,又可接不可数名词)      healthy food 健康食品Unit 7.1. How much are these pants? =What’s the price of these pants? 这条裤子多少钱?They’re twenty dollars. 这条裤子20美元。How much is this sweater? =What’s the price of this sweater? 这件毛衣多少钱? It’s 60 Yuan. 它60元。2. How much加不可数名词,how many 加可数名词复数。如:how much food,  how many students3. Can I help you? 我能帮你吗? What can I do for you? 我能为你做什么?4. Yes, please. 是的,请吧。 No, thanks. 不了,谢谢。5. I want a sweater. 我想要件毛衣。6. What color do you want? 你想要什么颜色?7. Here you are. =Here it is给你(这件毛衣 / 钱等)。8. How much is it? / How much are they? 多少钱?9. I’ll take it. = I’ll get it. = I’ll have it. 我买下它了。10. Thank you. / Thanks a lot. 多谢。      You’re welcome. =That’s all right.别客气。11. Come and buy … = Come to buy ….    Go and see … = Go to see…12. Anybody can afford our prices. 任何人都能承担得起我们的价钱。13. 短语:at a good price 以合理的价格    have a look (at…)“看一看(…)”=look (at …)for girls / boys / sports. 对姑娘 / 男孩 / 运动来说    sell … to… 把…卖给…     buy … from… 从… 买…   on sale在出售Unit 8.1. When is your / her / his birthday? 你的 / 她的 / 他的 生日是什么时候?My / Her / His birthday is May 14th. 我的 / 她的 / 他的生日是5月14日。(此处无on)2. How old are you? = What’s your age? 你多大了?   I’m 8. / I’m 8 years old. 我8岁了。3. Monday is the second day of the week. 周一是一星期中的第二天。(序数词前常有the)    It’s my eighth birthday. (序数词eighth前已有限定词my, 故不再加the.)4. 短语:birthday party生日聚会      English speech contest 英语演讲比赛     music festival 音乐节        school day校庆日    school trip学校组织的旅行   volleyball game排球比赛Unit 9.1. Do you / Does she want to go to a movie? 你想 / 她想看电影吗?2. What kind of movies do you like? 你喜欢什么种类的电影?3. June really likes action movies. 琼真的喜欢动作片。(really可修饰动词,但very不能。)4. Mike is English. 迈克是英国人。(注意English前无冠词an.)5. I often go to movies with my friends. 我常和朋友一起看电影。(with,“用;和…一起”)6. 短语: learn about…学习有关…的知识      Chinese history中国历史        on weekends. 在周末         action movies 动作片     go to a movie去看电影     want to do sth. 想要做某事7. 语法:并列连词and和or. 都译为“和”,or常用于否定句。and常用于肯定句。He likes P.E. and art.他喜欢体育和美术。=He likes P.E. and he likes art.He doesn’t like P.E. or art. =He doesn’t like P.E. and he doesn’t like art.(or只用于连接否定句中的短语。若连接两个否定句时仍用and, 如后一句。)Unit 10.1. Can you play the guitar? Can you dance / swim? 你会弹吉它 / 跳舞 / 游泳吗?Yes, I can. / No, I can’t. 是的,我会。/ 不,我不会。2. I want to join the art / music club. 我想参加美术 / 音乐俱乐部。3. What club do you want to join? 你想参加什么俱乐部?4. Can you play the piano well? 你弹钢琴弹得好吗?5. Are you good with kids? 你善于和孩子相处吗? (be good with sb. 善于和某人相处)6. May I know your name? 我可以知道你的名字吗?= What’s your name?7. What can you do? 你会做什么?8. 短语:play the piano / the drums / the trumpet 弹钢琴 / 打鼓 / 吹喇叭(乐器前有the)           chess / English / swimming / music… club象棋 / 英语 / 游泳 / 音乐俱乐部           a little “一点,一些”(修饰不可数名词。)Unit 11.1. What time do you/ does she usually go to school/ get up? 你通常何时上学 / 起床?I usually run/ She usually gets up at around 7:00. 我 / 她通常大约7:00跑步 / 起床。2. When do people usually eat dinner? 人们通常什么时候吃晚饭?3. 短语:in the morning / afternoon / evening 在早上 / 下午 / 晚上(用介词in)     (若有其它修饰词,常用介词on: on Sunday morning; on the evening of May 1st.) go home 回家    get home 到家     go to bed 上床睡觉     take a shower洗澡    get up 起床 best wishes 致以良好的祝愿   listen to music / me听音乐 / 听我(说)   all day and all night 整天整夜 brush teeth刷牙   take the No. 305 bus to school乘305路车去学校  write a letter to sb=write to sb =write sb.给某人写信4. 时刻表达: 1分钟未过半点;7:20,  可以读作: seven twenty,  或twenty past seven                                 12:08,  可以读作:twelve oh eight,  或eight past twelve2分钟刚好半点:9:30,  可读作:nine thirty,  或half past nine3分钟超过半点:8:46,  可读作:eight forty-six,   或fourteen to nine5. what引导的感叹句的结构: 1what + a / an + 形容词 + 名词 + 主谓 What a clever boy he is! 他是多么聪明的孩子啊! What an interesting book you have! 你的书多么有趣啊!2what + 形容词 + 名词复数: What clever boys you are! 你们是多么聪明的孩子啊!3what + 形容词 + 不可数名词: What difficult work it is! 那是多么困难的工作啊!6. 宾语从句的语序(用陈述句的语序, 见下文画线部分): I don’t know when your birthday is. (不是when is your birthday) Can you tell me where you come from?  (不是where do you come from)Unit 12.1. What’s your favorite subject? 你最喜爱的学科是什么?(形容词性物主代词+favorite+名词,“…最喜爱的….”)   2. My favorite subject is science. 我最喜爱的学科是科学。3. Why do you / does she like science? 你 / 她为什么喜欢科学? Because it’s interesting. 因为它有趣。4. Who is your art teacher? 谁是你的美术教师?5. When do you have math? 你什么时候上数学?6. I have volleyball for two hours. 我打排球两个小时。(for + 时间段,“达到…时间”)7. 短语:TV show 电视节目    be strict with sb / be strict in sth对某人 / 某物要求严格be busy with sth / be busy doing sth忙于某事 / 做某事on Monday / Tuesday… 在周一 / 周二….     after lunch / work / school / class…午饭后 / 下班后 / 放学后 / 下课后…run around 到处跑动       play with sb / sth 和某人一块儿玩 / 用某物玩人称代词形式: 主格宾格形容词性物主代词名词性物主代词反身代词 作主语作宾语 后要再接名词后不再接名词 主宾一致 Imemy ( pen / house...) mine myself you(你)youyour (bag / car...) yours yourself hehimhis (desk / coat...) his himself sheherher (hair / books… hers herself it itits (tail / face...) its itself we usour (teachers / room...) ours ourselves you(你们)youyour (class / city...) yoursyourselves theythemtheir (school / seats...) theirsthemselves (如果动词的施动者,即主语,和动词或介词后相应的宾格代词是相同的人或物时,其宾格代词要用反身代词: I teach myself English. 我自学英语。We solved the problems ourselves. 我们自己解决的这些问题。Lucy hurt herself by accident. 露茜偶然伤了自己。You have to take care of yourself. 你必须照看好自己。但 She asks me to help her. 中的her并没有反身代词,因为help的施动者是“我”,而承受者是“她”,不相同。)Myself(自我介绍) Hello, everyone! (大家好。) My name is Li Yida. (我叫李依妲)I am a girl.(我是一个女孩。) I come from Sichuan. (我来自四川。) My birthday is April 11th. (我的生日在4月11日。) My family has three people。(我家有三个人。)They are my father, mother and me.(他们是我的爸爸,妈妈和我。)I like sports very much.(我非常喜欢运动。) I often play ping-pong with my father in the afternoon. (我经常在下午和我爸爸打乒乓球。) I like Strawberries, apples, oranges and vegetables. (我喜欢草莓,苹果,橘子和蔬菜。) I like watching movies. (我喜欢看电影。)I like comedies and action movies .(我喜欢喜剧和动作片)I think comedies are funny.(我认为喜剧很有趣。) And action movies are exciting。(动作片令人兴奋。)I am a student. (我是一个学生。)So I have many classes.(所以,我有很多科目。) I like Chinese and Math. (我喜欢语文课和数学课)Because I think Chinese is interesting.(我认为语文课很有趣。)And I really like my Chinese teacher.(我很喜欢我的语文老师。) I think Math is easy. (我认为数学课很容易。)
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