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全最新汇总版大学英语综合教学教材(第二版~)第一册课文翻译及其课后答案内容.doc

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最新 汇总 大学 英语 综合 教学 教材 第二 一册 课文 翻译 及其 课后 答案 内容
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-_Ⅰ.Vocabulary1\Alan was always in trouble with the police when he was young but he’s now a respectable married man. 2\The people who had been hurt in the car accident lay screaming in agony.在交通事故中受伤的人正躺在地上痛哭的哭叫。3\Because his condition’s not serious they’ve put his name down on the hospital waiting list 因为他的病情并不严重,他们已经把他的名字写在医院的等候名单4\the second part of the book deseribes the strange sequence of events that lead to the King’s fall from power.本书的第二部分介绍了一连串奇怪的事件,导致国王下台的。5\when I saw my little boy crying bitterly over the death of his pet dog,I could hardly hold back my tears.当我看到我的小男孩的痛苦哭泣超过他的宠物狗的死亡,我几乎控制不住我的眼泪。6\thery are going to distribute those clothes and blan-kets among the flood victims.他们将要分发这些衣服和blan-kets给洪水灾民。7\lind manage to support herself by working off and on as a waitress.林德管理是不时当服务员来支持自己的工作,。8\parts of my childhood are so vivid to me that they could be memories of yesterday.我童年的一些部分是如此栩栩如生,就好像是昨天的记忆。9\people often associate the old days with good times,and seem to forget the hardship they suffered.人们常把过去的美好时光联系起来,似乎忘记了他们所遭受的艰辛。10\andrew finally decided,after much thought,to leave his job. 经过深思熟虑之后,安得烈终于决定,离开他的工作。11\jane’s worried she won’t be able to turn in her paper on time. 简担心她不能及时交她的论文。12\the president came under attack from all sides for his inability to tackle the country’s severe social problems.总统遭到来自四面八方的攻击他无法解决该国严重的社会问题。1.respectable adj. 值得尊敬的;人格高尚的;相当数量的 n. 可敬的人2.Agony n. 苦恼;极大的痛苦;临死的挣扎3. put…down镇压,压制,扑灭,取缔;制止; 写下来,记下来,记下名字和地址4.sequencen. [数][计] 序列;顺序;续发事件 vt. 按顺序排好5. Hold back隐瞒;退缩;抑制;阻止 6. Distributevt. 分配;散布;分开;把…分类 7. Off and on断断续续地,时不时地 8. Vividadj. 生动的;鲜明的;鲜艳的 9. Associatevi. 交往;结交 n. 同事,伙伴;关联的事物vt. 联想;使联合;使发生联系 adj. 副的;联合的10. Finallyadv. 最后;终于;决定性地 11. turn in交上;归还;拐入;告发;上床睡觉 12. Tacklen. 滑车;装备;用具;扭倒 vt. 处理;抓住;固定;与…交涉 vi. 扭倒;拦截抢球2). 1. George has been assigned to(分配,指派) the newspaper’s Paris office.sent2. The man's story was so extraordinary(非常特别)that I didn’t know whether to believe him or not. well beyond(远远超出)3. She had a clear image of how she would look in twenty years’ time.be formed(形成,构成)4. When the officer gave the command (给出命令)the soldiers opened fire.on an order(给出命令)5. As long as people keep buying bikes we’ll keep turning them out(生产).produce(生产)Ⅱ. Translation1. As it was a formal dinner party, I wore formal dress, as Mother told me to.2.His girlfriend advised him to get out of/get rid of his bad habit of smoking before it took hold.3. Anticipating that the demand for electricity will be high during the next few months, they have decided to increase its production.4. It is said that Bill has been fired for continually violating the company’s safety rules. /Bill is said to have been fired for continually violating the company’s safety rules.5. It is reported that the government has taken proper measures to avoid the possibility of a severe water shortage. /The local government is reported to have taken proper measures to avoid the possibility of a severe water shortage.2. Susan lost her legs because of / in a car accident. For a time, she didn’t know how to face up to the fact that she would never (be able to) walk again.One day, while scanning (through) some magazines, a true story caught her eye /she was attracted by a true story. It gave a vivid description of how a disabled girl became a writer. Greatly inspired, Susan began to feel that she, too, would finally be bale to lead a useful life.Ⅰ.Vocabulary1\there was no wind and the oak tree behind the house was standing absolutely still.没有风,房子后面的橡树静静地伫立着。2\if you don’t want to buy a kite,you can make your own using directions available in books at your local library.如果你不想买一个风筝,在当地图书馆你可以自行使用有用的指南。3\the girl walked steadily north,pausing every now and then to check her direction.女孩稳步北走,不时地停下来检查她的方向。4\the trade unions urged employers to invest more money in saff training.工会督促雇主投资更多的钱在saff培训。5\as a sailing ship has a destination,so we must have a definite goal in our life.如同船舶航行有目的地,我们的生活必须有一个明确的目标。6\before people knew how to make and use metals,engineering constructions were mostly built of wood or stone.在人们就知道如何制作和使用的金属以前,工程建筑大多用的石头或木头。7\you’ll probably find dave at the school disco he often hangs out there.你会发现戴夫经常混迹在学校的迪斯科舞厅里。8\if your house has been broken into,don’t touch anything.calll the police right away.如果你的房子被破门而入,别碰任何东西,立刻报警。9\we had a family reunion where I saw relatives I hadn’t see for 20 years.在我们的家庭团聚中我看到20年没见的亲戚。10\i guess henry has been busy writing an article or something recently,that’s why he could’t accept the invitation.我想亨利最近一直忙着写一篇文章或什么,这就是为什么他不能接受邀请。11\scientists estimate that smoking reduces life expectancy by around 12 years on average.科学家估计,在平均寿命上吸烟将减少约12年寿命。12\although it is unlikely that everyong will be able to come,they are still going ahead with the plan to hold a class reunion.尽管每个人都能来是不可能的,他们仍然继续着计划举行同学聚会。Absolutelyadv. 绝对地;完全地 Availableadj. 有效的,可得的;可利用的;空闲的 every now and then不时地;常常 Urgevt. 力劝,催促;驱策,推进n. 强烈的欲望,迫切要求;推动力 vi. 强烈要求Destinationn. 目的地,终点 Mostlyadv. 主要地;通常;多半地 hang out挂出;闲逛 right away立刻 Reunionn. 重聚 or something或是什么的;诸如此类的什么 Estimatevi. 估计,估价n. 估计,估价;判断,看法vt. 估计,估量;判断,评价going ahead前进;进行 1. It seemed that his failure in the examination was still on his mind.(使挂念) anxious(担忧的)2. He was completely chocked up(塞满) by the sight of his team losing in the final minutes of the game.left him so upset that he unable to say a word(他如此悲伤以至于无法说出一个字)3. She was so lost in (专注于)study that she forgot to have dinner.Occupy(占据)4. Something has come up(发生,开始) and I’m afraid I won’t be able to accomplish the project on time.happen(发生,开始) 5. The cost of equipping the new hospital was estimated(估价) at $2 million.calculate(计算;预测) Ⅱ. Translation1. Half an hour had gone by, but the last bus hadn’t come yet. We had to walk home.2. Mary looks as if she is very worried about the Chinese exam because she hasn’t learned the texts by heart.3. Since the basketball match has been postponed, we might as well visit the museum.4. He stayed in Australia with his parents all the way through World WarⅡ.5. Since I graduated from Nanjing University in 1985,I have kind of lost touch with my classmates.2. It is not easy to keep in touch with friends when they are far away. This is certainly true in my case. It has been a couple of years since I left my old neighborhood and all the friends I had there. I’ve been meaning to write to them but something or other comes up and I just don’t seem to find the time. They are always on my mind, however, and I think I will certainly make an effort to keep up correspondence with them in future.Ⅰ.Vocabulary1\it’ll only be a brief visit because we recently haven’t much time.只会是一个短暂的访问,因为我们最近没有太多的时间。2\ the job is great in the terms of advancement but the starting salary is rather low.就工作进展而言是大的,但工资相当低。3\we’d better pay that electricity bill before they cut us off.在他们短我们电前我们最好付账单。4\as pace of life quickens things tend to change fast in the city.随着生活节奏的加快,城市的变化日新月异。5\why don’t we get rid of these old chairs, since we don’t use them anyway?这些旧椅子已经没有任何用途了,为什么不扔掉呢?6\the earth’s atmosphere makes precise observation of distant stars difficult.地球大气层,使精确的观察遥远的星球很难。7\the lawn was laid out in the form of the figure8.草坪以数字8的形式铺设。8\i shouldn’t always have to tell you what to do,use your own initiative.我不应该总是告诉你怎么做,而应该让你自主。9\words cannot convey how grateful we are for his timely help.言语无法表达我们有多么感谢他的及时帮助。10\it seems to me that the board of directors is in two minds over the opening of a branch office in south Africa.在我看来,董事会对在开个分公司在南非摇摆不定。11\i find it difficult to grasp the concept of infinite space.我发现要掌握无限空间的概念很难。12\philip presented a complex argument that was completely beyond my grasp.菲利普提出了一个复杂的论点完全超出了我的控制。brief adj. 简短的,简洁的;短暂的,草率的n. 摘要,简报;概要,诉书vt. 简报,摘要;作…的提要in terms of依据;按照;在…方面;以…措词 cut off 切断;中断;使死亡;剥夺继承权 Tendvi. 趋向,倾向;照料,照顾 vt. 照料,照管Anywayadv. 无论如何,不管怎样;总之 Preciseadj. 精确的;明确的;严格的 in the form of以某种形式 Nitiative主动 convey vt. 传达;运输;让与 in two minds 三心二意 Conceptn. 观念,概念 Graspn. 抓住;理解;控制vt. 抓住;领会vi. 抓1) Winning the match today has ensured(确保) their team a place in the Cup final.certainly(必定)2) It is medical workers’ responsibility(职责) to heal the wounded and rescue the dying.duty(责任)3) These computer games entertain(v娱乐) as well as educate(v教育) the learner.amusement(n消遣) knowledge(n知识)4) No living thing can do without(强调 没有) air and water.vital(至关重要的)5) The election is likely(很可能的) to be held in June.a strong possibility(很可能的)II Translation1) As is predicted by scientists, global pollution has become one of the most serious problems humans are faced with.2) Competition for these jobs is very tough –we have five times as many applicants this year as we did last year/ there are five times as many applicants this year as there were last year.3) As the facts show, educational programs need to fit into the national plan for economical development.4) The car burns too much gas, and moreover, the price is almost twice as much as I intend to pay.5) To understand a great international event, we, first of all, need to consider the historical and political background to it.2. It is hard to imagine how our forefathers could do without so many conveniences that modern technology has brought about. Back then only a small proportion of the population enjoyed the comforts of life. The majority didn’t even have sufficient food, not to speak of/ let alone the privilege of being educated. However, many people blame modern technology for creating so many problems. They want to slow down the rate of progress. But no one can put the clock back.Vocabulary1\it was already a wreck when two weeks later the police found his stolen car and he had to buy a newone.2周后,警方发现了他被偷的汽车已经成了残骸,他不得不买一辆新的。2\with great patience the clerk showed the elderly lady how to check the balance in her bank account on an atm.以极大的耐心的店员给老太太展示了怎么用自动取款机查银行户头上的余额。3\if you look out of the window on the left side of the bus, you’ll see that we’re now approach the tower of London.如果你往公共汽车左边的窗外看,你会看到我们正在靠近伦敦塔。4\there’ll certainly be some problems,but nothing that you can’t handle.一定会有一些问题,但没有什么你不能处理。5\people who discard litter in the streets should be fined heavily.在街上乱丢东西的人应该被处以重罚。6\successful businessmen today are likely to be young,aggressive ,and well-educated.above all,they are willing to take risks to achieve success.成功的商人今天也许是年轻的,积极的,和受过良好教育。首先,他们愿意承担风险获得成功。7\druing those difficult years,the family lived almost entirely on a diet of cabbages.在那些艰难的日子里,家庭几乎完全靠吃卷心菜生活。8\what are we going to do with the food left over from the party?派对上剩下的食物呢我们要怎么办?9\we checked on tom’s age by getting his birth record.我们从他的出生记录查到了汤姆的年龄。10\we’ll go out as soon as I’ve cleaned up the kitchen.我清理完厨房我们就出去。11\for women lawyers in the united sates,their weekly earnings are on the average much less than those of male lawyers.在美国,女律师每周的平均收入低于男性律师。12\i won’t get involved in a deal like this-its against all my principle.我不会违反我的原则卷入交易像this-its。Wreck破坏;失事;残骸;失去健康的人vt. 破坏;使失事;拆毁vi. 失事;营救失事船只Balance平衡;余额;匀称vt. 使平衡;结算;使相称vi. 保持平衡;相称;抵销Approachingn. 方法;途径;接近vt. 接近;着手处理vi. 靠近Handlen. [建] 把手;柄;手感;口实vt. 处理;操作;运用;买卖;触摸vi. 搬运;易于操纵Dis Discardvt. 抛弃;放弃;丢弃vi. 放弃n. 抛弃;被丢弃的东西或人Above all首先;尤其是Dietn. 饮食;食物;规定饮食vi. 节食vt. [医] 照规定饮食do with处理checked on检查;核实cleaned up清理Weekly每周Principlesn. 原理,原则;主义1) Effort to look for survivors were abandoned(被抛弃的) after it had been/was determined that all the people in the sunken ship had died.give up(放弃)2) I was amazed(吃惊) that Bob left a well-paid job travel around the world. To my amazement(令我吃惊的)3) Her repuest for a loan has been turned down(调低) by many a bank as her business is small and she could provide no guarantee. refused(拒绝)4) She doesn’t express her thoughts with precision(精确), so people often misunderstand her.precise (精确的)5) Nothing will weaken(使变弱) our determination(决心) to modernize our country in the shortest possible time.firm(坚定的) decision(决心 ) Translation1) It is reported that UN mediators have worked out a plan which they hope will be acceptable to both sides.2) Doris walked in the forest cautiously, afraid of being attacked by giant snakes.3) Earthquakes, typhoons and other natural disaters cannot be prevented, but action can be taken to protect life and property.4) I bought a new issue of my favorite sports magazine and hurried home, anxious to amuse myself reading it.5) Helen lacks confidence. I’ve never known anyone so unsure of herself.2. After graduating from college, Tony decided to start his own business. At the beginning, many a bank turned down his request for a loan. But he was not a bit discouraged, and continued to call on one banker after another seeking help. Impressed by his determination and optimism, one banker finally agreed to loan him the money. Now he has become a wealthy businessman. Talking about his amazing achievement, Tony says that it is important to create rather than wait for opportunities.VocabularyI.1 1\a monthly statement is a general term for a personal-ized financial record that regularly informs a recipient about the status of his or her account. 月结是一个个性化信息的财务记录,定期通知的收件人,他或她的帐户情况的总项。2\over a hundred children came to the annual Christmas party which was a good opportunity for them to gather and renew acquaintances.超过一百孩子来参加圣诞派对,是一个他们相识和重新认识的好机会。3\my parent’s marriage was a classic of its time-those years of the so-called cultural revolution, with no wedding cer-emony and no honey moon.我的父母的婚姻是“文化大革命”那个年代的典型,没有婚礼和蜜月。4\having failed in the examination ,owen didn’t dare look his father in the eye.考试失败,欧文不敢看父亲的眼睛。5\britain still has a bicycle industry; frames and complete bicycles are manufactured here,though most of the components are imported.英国仍有自行车行业;框和完整的自行车在这里加工制造,虽然大部分部件是进口的。6\the employees of the company are treated right with hand some paychecks and stock options.公司员工享受好的待遇是与握有工资和股票期权。7\san Francisco is one of the largest cities in California and a leading center of culture ,finance ,and industry in the united states.旧金山是加利福尼亚最大的城市之一而且是美国的主要的文化,金融,和实业中心。8\steve announced just now that he was leaving,but the coach had already started looking around for a replacement weeks before.史提夫刚刚宣布了他将要离开,但是教练数周前已经开始四处寻找替代者。9\shortly after he learned of the earthquake,the man hurried back to his hometown,searching high and low to find out whether his parents have survived the calamity.在他了解到地震后不久,就急忙回到他的家乡,到处寻找确认父母是否在灾难中幸存。10\i was listening for grace’s voice,but it wasn’t easy to pick it out among all the others.我听优美的声音,但是要从其他所有声音中把她跳出来并不容易。11\the survey reveals that in increasing mumber of young people claim the enjoy married life.调查显示,声称享受婚姻生活的年轻会员在增加。12someone grabbed at the letter I was reading,looking up,I was delightful surprised to find that it was my former classmate.抬头看那个抓住我在读的那封信的人我惊喜的发现,这人竟然是我以前的同班同学。Monthlyadv. 每月,每月一次 Acquaintancesn. 熟人;相识;了解;知道 Classicadj. 经典的;古典的,传统的 look; in the eye用眼镜看Manufacturedadj. 制造的,已制成的v. 制造,加工(manufacture的过去式)options n. 选择;期权 Financen. 财政,财政学;金融 Replacement代替者 Survivedv. 幸存;从…中坚持过来;继续使用(survive的过去分词) pick out挑拣Married婚姻的,夫妇的 grabbed at抓住,抓取;抓住不放 2. 1) Olny an eight-month-old baby girl survived(幸存) a car crash that killed both her parents.survivor(幸存者)2) I was almost embarrassed (v尴尬 )to death when Sarah read my poem out to the whole class.embarrassment(n尴尬)3) Doctors and nurses of the Children’s Hospital will care for (照顾)the seriously injured pupils.be under the care of(被..照顾)4) The personnel department has received several phone calls making inquiries(询问) about the position of the Chief Financial Officer.5) We can help you straighten out(清理) all your financial problems if you join our club.find a solution(想办法)II. Translation1.1) I’m not sure where you can find a good carpenter---you’d better ask around.2) Feeling a little embarrassed, he quickly cleared his throat and looked up at the painting on the wall.3) Michael was survived by three sons, two daughters, and his wife Elizabeth.4) As a financial expert, William advised us to invest our money in the stock market.5) We small retailers can’t compete with supermarkets in pricing and sales.2.My dad is a hard-working executive of a manufacturing firm. He works six days a week. Every day he has to straighten out various kinds of problems so that he often stays up late/nights. However, he tries his best to balance/maintain balance between work and family. On Sundays my dad usually stays at home and cares for us as much as he can. To my greatest joy, he cooks our favorite dished and plays ball with us.Unit 6 HomeworkVocabularyⅠ 1.1\the former lake bed is now a fertile plain producing good crops of wheat.湖前床现在是一个肥沃的平原,生产好的作物小麦。2\aunt pat’s rough,red hands reflected a life of hard physical labor.阿姨柏氏粗糙且红手反映艰苦的体力劳动的生活。3\if you are living overseas,you may not have to pay tax in your own country.如果你生活在海外,在自己的国家你可以不需要缴税。4\helen is pretty,of slim build,with blue eyes.海伦很漂亮,身材纤细,蓝眼睛。5\we split the boards down the middle to use them for the back of the shelves.我们劈木板中间用在他们的书架的后面。6\only the hope that the rescuers were getting nearer sustained the trapped miners.只希望救援人员正在接近持续的被困矿工。7\the glow of the setting sun reddened the stream.夕阳染红了溪流 。8\the kidnappers thrust the boy into the car and drove off.绑匪把孩子推到车上,开车走了。9\it is common knowledge that dogs have a keen sense of smell. 这是共同的知识,狗有敏锐的嗅觉。10\the unusually cold winter caused many plants to bud late this year 异常寒冷的冬天使许多植物发芽晚了一年11\training is Previous,so no previous experience is required for the job.提前培训,所以不需要有工作经验。12\we can go to the seven o’clock performance or the eight-whichever suits you best.我们可以去七点或八哪一个最适合您的节目。Fertileadj. 富饶的,肥沃的 Reflectedv. 反射;思考(reflect的过去式和过去分词) Overseas海外Slimadj. 苗条的;修长的 Splitvt. 分离;使分离;劈开; Sustainedv. 维持(sustain的过去式和过去分词);承受 Glow n. 灼热;色彩鲜艳; Thrust推挤 Keenadj. 敏锐的, Budvi. 发芽,萌芽 Previousadv. 在先;在…以前 Whicheverpron. 任何一个;无论哪个 2.1) The sickly smell of carpets and furniture in the bedroom disgusts(vt. 使厌恶;使作呕 ) me.dislike(不喜欢)2) Mary stopped corresponding(v通信with Henry after the death of her mother.correspondence(n. 通信)3) A radio transmitter is best located(最好位置at an isolated lace far from cities.the most suitable site(最合适的位置)4) I was so absorbed in(全神贯注于)the game on TV that I didn’t hear Martin come in.completely held my attention(完全抓住了我的注意里)5) The rough surface of the basketball helps players grip(vt. 紧握)the ball.firm hold(紧握)ⅡTranslation1. 1) Before I went off to university, my grandfather gave me a few words of wisdom which impressed me deeply.2) Never tell my parents about my injuries and I’ll be very grateful to you (for it).3) At the meeting some of our colleagues put forward sensible suggestions about improving our working environment.4) The management has/have agreed to grant the workers a 10% pay rise in response to union pressure.5) It was very thoughtful of the hostess to give the house a thorough cleaning before we arrived.2. Not rich himself, Uncle Li never hesitates to help others. Previous to/Before his retirement, through Project Hope he located the addresses of two country kids who grew up in poor families but had a keen desire to study. From then on he sent them money regularly. Later the two made their way to college, and even got a chance to study overseas.I. Vocabulary1\the financial help they got from the local government didn’t go far to ward solving the problem.财务帮助他们从当地政府拿到未能解决的病房问题。2\their retail business in asia has expanded rapidly since the early 1990s.零售业务自90年代初以来在亚洲迅速扩大。3\in the interests of world peace ,we must promote mutual understanding among nations with different social systems.为了世界和平,我们必须促进国家之间的相互了解与不同社会制度。4\i thought it was still early,yet got to the library only to find it closed.我以为现在还早,但到了图书馆却发现它关门了。5\on the train encounted an old lady who happened to be a neighbor of my daughter’s when she lived in losangeles.在火车上遇到一个老太太,她住在洛杉机时是我女儿的邻居。6\our company has cooperated with several American companies for the past few years in joint ventures.在过去几年我公司与许多美国公司合作在合资企业。7\phil looked around at the other competitors and assessed his chances of winning.菲尔环顾其他竞争者并且评估他获胜的机会。8\the police believed that the reason the failed to find anything suspicious in that guy’s bag was that member of the gang had switched bags at the airport.警察认为在那家伙的袋子里未能找到任何可疑物品的原因是团伙成员在机场转移了袋子。9\our visit to the far east has certainly broadened our horizons.我们的远东之旅无疑扩大了我们的视野。10\emily felt increasingly uncomfortable under the woman’s steady gaze.在女子持续地凝视下艾米丽感到越来越不舒服。11\everything was going smoothly until suddenly the disaster struck.一切都很顺利直到灾难突然打击。12\smallpox ,which used to be a severe epidemic disease ,has been completely wiped out.天花,这曾经是一个严重的传染病,已被全部歼灭。 go (very) far 成功 has expandedvi. 发展 in the interest(s) of 为了… only to却encountered v. 遇到;曾遭遇(encounter的过去式) has cooperatedvi. 合作,配合;协力 Assessedv. 对…进行评估(assess过去时形式) (had) switched转换Horizonsn. [天] 地平线;视野;眼界;范围 gaze vi. 凝视;注视disaster n. 灾难 wiped out被消灭1) There used to be a long running controversy over(围绕……的争议 ) whether the book should be published or not. An issue people disagreed(一个问题人们不同意)2) Kate felt relieved (放心)after her first meeting with Tom had gone smoothly.made her feel less uneasy(使她不那么不安)3) Something suddenly went wrong(出错) with my computer when I was in the middle of writing the essay. Stop walking(不工作)4) It is obvious (明显的)that our company is still maintaining its composition as market leader in software.clearly(显然地)5) She is determined not to give in(让步) until they give her a pay rise。II. Translation1. 1) A local business undertook the project but went bankrupt before it was completed.2) Let’s make a deal—you wash my car, and I’ll let you use it tonight.3) We got to the village which we thought must have been wiped out in the severe earthquake, only to find it slightly damaged.4) My garden is dry and shady—few plants thrive in that condition5) Mystery still surrounds the exact truth behind the film star’s death/exact circumstance of the film star’s death.2. When I was young I used to visit the zoo in my hometown. There what attracted me most was a couple of tigers, especially the male. They were dept in a huge iron cage at first, but later were released from it and moved to a place called Tiger Hill. Twenty years later I revisited the zoo and was relieved to find Tiger Hill was still there, but greatly extended. Moving around now were six tigers, old and young, instead of two! This morning I heard an interesting piece of news over my portable radio: a man of 36 and his son of 10 attend the same class competing with each other for high marks. The story goes/ It’s like this:The man, Li Wei by name, was too idle to learn anything when young. With little education, with no useful skills, he could hardly earn an adequate living wage. His life experiences drove home to him the point that he had to acquire knowledge before he was able to accumulate wealth. So Li Wei swore that he would go to school with his son, determined to learn.Unit 1 Growing Up为自己而写——拉塞尔·贝克 从孩提时代,我还住在贝尔维尔时,我的脑子里就断断续续地转着当作家的念头,但直等到我高中三年级,这一想法才有了实现的可能。在这之前,我对所有跟英文课沾边的事都感到腻味。我觉得英文语法枯燥难懂。我痛恨那些长而乏味的段落写作,老师读着受累,我写着痛苦。 弗利格尔先生接我们的高三英文课时,我就准备着在这门最最单调乏味的课上再熬上沉闷的一年。弗利格尔先生在学生中以其说话干巴和激励学生无术而出名。据说他拘谨刻板,完全落后于时代。我看他有六七十岁了,古板之极。他戴着古板的毫无装饰的眼镜,微微卷曲的头发剪得笔齐,梳得纹丝不乱。他身穿古板的套装,领带端端正正地顶着白衬衣的领扣。他长着古板的尖下巴,古板的直鼻梁,说起话来一本正经,字斟句酌,彬彬有礼,活脱脱一个滑稽的老古董。 我作好准备,打算在弗利格尔先生的班上一无所获地混上一年,不少日子过去了,还真不出所料。后半学期我们学写随笔小品文。弗利格尔先生发下一张家庭作业纸,出了不少题目供我们选择。像"暑假二三事"那样傻乎乎的题目倒是一个也没有,但绝大多数一样乏味。我把作文题带回家,一直没写,直到要交作业的前一天晚上。我躺在沙发上,最终不得不面对这一讨厌的功课,便从笔记本里抽出作文题目单粗粗一看。我的目光落在"吃意大利细面条的艺术"这个题目上。 这个题目在我脑海里唤起了一连串不同寻常的图像。贝尔维尔之夜的清晰的回忆如潮水一般涌来,当时,我们大家一起围坐在晚餐桌旁——艾伦舅舅、我母亲、查理舅舅、多丽丝、哈尔舅舅——帕特舅妈晚饭做的是意大利细面条。那时意大利细面条还是很少听说的异国食品。多丽丝和我都还从来没吃过,在座的大人也是经验不足,没有一个吃起来得心应手的。艾伦舅舅家诙谐有趣的场景全都重现在我的脑海中,我回想起来,当晚我们笑作一团,争论着该如何地把面条从盘子上送到嘴里才算合乎礼仪。 突然我就想描述那一切,描述当时那种温馨美好的气氛,但我把它写下来仅仅是想自得其乐,而不是为弗利格尔先生而写。那是我想重新捕捉并珍藏在心中的一个时刻。我想重温那个夜晚的愉快。然而,照我希望的那样去写,就会违反我在学校里学的正式作文的种种法则,弗利格尔先生也肯定会打它一个不及格。没关系。等我为自己写好了之后,我可以再为弗利格尔先生写点什么别的东西。 等我写完时已是半夜时分,再没时间为弗利格尔先生写一篇循规蹈矩、像模像样的文章了。第二天上午,我别无选择,只好把我为自己而写的贝尔维尔晚餐的故事交了上去。两天后弗利格尔先生发还批改过的作文,他把别人的都发了,就是没有我的。我正准备着遵命一放学就去弗利格尔先生那儿挨训,却看见他从桌上拿起我的作文,敲了敲桌子让大家注意听
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