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-_懦夫总有疯狂的一天。Unit One   Changes in the Way We Live   Text A Content Questions    ( P10 ) Write and live on a farm. Because they grow nearly all of their fruits and vegetables.  They have enough eggs, honey and wood.  They are very close to nature and can enjoy the beautiful scenery.  Besides, they can go skiing and skating in winter. No.  Sometimes the good life can get pretty tough. They were buried under five feet of snow from December through March. When the first spring came, it brought two floods.  The second flood refers to the good harvest in the growing season. He decided to quit his job and start to freelance. He has to crawl into black bear dens for “Sports Illustrated”, hitch up dogsled racing teams for “Smithsonian” magazine, check out the Lake Champlain “monster” for “Science Digest”, and canoe through the Boundary Waters Wilderness area of Minnesota for “Destinations”. As for insurance, they have only bought a poor man’s major-medical policy and the policy on their two cars. They cut back their expenses without appreciably lowering their standard of living.  For example, they patronize local restaurants instead of more expensive places in the city.  They still attend the opera and ballet but only a few times a year.  They eat less meat, drink cheaper wine and see fewer movies. A tolerance for solitude and lots of energy. They will leave with a feeling of sorrow but also with a sense of pride at what they have been able to accomplish. They chose to live in the country because they want to improve the quality of their lives.  Yes, they have finally realized their dreams.  Text Organization    ( P11 ) Part One  (paragraphs 1—3)  The writer views his life in the country as a self-reliant and satisfying one.Part Two   (paragraphs 4—7 )  Life in the country is good yet sometimes very hard.Part Three  (paragraphs 8—11) After quitting his job, the writer’s income was reduced, but he and his family were able to manage to get by.Part Four  (paragraphs 12—15 ) A tolerance for solitude and a lot of energy have made it possible for the family to enjoy their life in the country. Happy Moments and Events1)      growing nearly all their fruits and vegetables2)      canoeing, picnicking, long bicycle rides, etc.3)      keeping warm inside the house in winter4)      writing freelance articles5)      earning enough money while maintaining a happy family life Hardships1)      working hard both in winter and in summer2)      harsh environment and weather condition3)      anxious moments after the writer quit his job4)      cutting back on daily expenses5)      solitude  Vocabulary 1. Fill in the gaps with words or phrases given in the box.  ( P15 ) 1)      on balance              2) resist          3) haul           4) wicked5)  illustrated               6) budget        7) lowering     8) boundary9)  involved                 10)economic   11) blasting     12) just about 2. Now use the verb in brackets to form an appropriate phrasal verb you have learned and complete the sentence with it.  ( P16 ) 1)      cut back / down             2)pick up3)get by                                   4) get through5)face up to                             6)turn in7)making up for                 8)think up 3. Rewrite each sentence with the word or phrase in brackets, keeping the same meaning. (P17 ) 1)      pursued his mathematical studies and taught himself astronomy.2)      often generate misleading thoughts.3)      attach great importance to combining theory with practice in our work.4)      be suspected of doing everything for money.5)      before he gets through life. 4. Complete the sentences, using the words or phrases in brackets ( P17 ) 1. their indoor        a profit                         to invest in    2. device               the improvement           on a global scale3. stacked                     temptation                    never dined out Confusable Use  ( P18 )  house home home    family household  doubt suspected doubted suspected suspect  Word Formation  ( P19 ) 1) rise           2) final           3) regular              4) cash          5) hows and whys6) upped         7) yellowed     8) bottled        9) lower         10) search Cloze  1. Text-related  ( P20 ) 1) gets by                            2) temptation         3) get through4) improvement             5) aside from               6) suspect7) supplement               8) profit                9) stacking 2. Theme-related   ( P21 ) 1) replaced            2) consider            3) quit4) world                5) tough                6) fuels7) provide              8) luxuries             9) balance10) ideal Translation 1. Translate the sentences into English   ( P21 ) 1)      We have a problem with the computer system, but I think it is fairly minor.2)      My father died when I was too young to live on my own.  The people of my hometown took over responsibility for my upbringing at that point.3)      the toys have to meet strict safety requirements before they can be sold to children.4)      Radio and television have supplemented rather than replaced the newspaper as carriers of new and opinion.5)      When it comes to this magazine, it is a digest of articles from many newspapers and magazines around the world. 2. Translate the passage into English  ( P21 )        A decade ago, Nancy did what so many Americans dream about.  She quit an executive position and opened a household device store in her neighborhood.  People like Nancy made the decision primarily for the improvement in the quality of their lives.       But, to run a business on a small scale is by no means an easy job.  Without her steady income, Nancy had to cut back on her daily expenses.  Sometimes she did not even have the money to pay the premiums for the various kinds of insurance she needed.       Fortunately, through her own hard work, she has now got through the most difficult time.  She is determined to continue pursuing her vision of a better life.    Text B  1. Choose the best answer for each of the following.  ( P27 ) 1—6.   a      c     d     b     a      c     Translate into Chinese the underlined sentences in the essay ( P28 ) 什么? 你说那听起来不像你府上的生活?其实,不仅仅是你一个人这么想。事实上,大多数人可能都跟你一样这么想的。 例如,《交给比弗吧》一剧中妈妈带着珍珠项链,穿着高跟鞋做家务。爸爸整个周末都穿着西装,系着领带。 要是电视网或有线电视没有中意的节目,录像制品商店可以提供好莱坞制作的品质迥异的节目:新近发行的电影、动画片、“成人”电影、体育锻炼节目、旅游、体育及入门指南录像带。 如今,妈妈在看她的有线电视销售服务节目的时候,爸爸可能想租一部动作片。而在姐姐想看《辛普森一家》时,弟弟妹妹却在玩《让我们炸毁土星》的电子游戏。  Match the definitions in Column B with the words and phrases in Column A.  ( P28 ) 1) g        2) f         3) e         4) d5) b        6) h        7) a         8) c Fill in the gaps with words or phrases chosen from the box. ( P29 ) 1) roast                 2) cable                        3) at one time4) get along           5) missed out on           6) commute7) taken over         8) make sense               9) go with10) dizzy               11) gasped                    12) networks  Unit 2 Civil-Rights Heroes   TEXT A   TEXT ORGANIZATION 1. Part One  Paras 1-5   It is high time to honor the heroes who helped liberate slaves by forging the Underground Railroad in the early civil-rights struggles in America.Part Two  Paras 6-23  By citing examples the author praises the exploits of civil-rights heroes who helped slaves travel the Underground Railroad to freedom.2.  Story 1 (Paras 6-10):   After winning his own freedom from slavery, John Parker helped otherslaves to escape north to Canada to get freedom.Story 2 (Paras 11-15):  Supported by a strong religious conviction, the white man Levi Coffin helped black slaves to escape at huge risk to himself.Story 3 (Paras 16-23):   By traveling the Underground Railroad, Josiah Henson reached his destination and became free at last.    VOCABULARY I. 1.1) decades                          2) historic3) imposed                          4) religious5) slender                           6) web7) bade                             8) site9) on the side                       10) authorized11) terminal                        12) make the best of 2.1) went through                      2) stood up for3) laid down                         4) take on5) let (us) down                      6)  draw on7) fall into                           8)  pass for 3.1) The Europeans are fully confident that the Americans will not be able to justify their measures to protect the struggling American steel industry.              2) Clinton is, in the eyes of Joe Klein , staff writer of the New Yorker and author of The Natural, the most talented politician of his generation and the most compelling.  3) There’s not much you can do if people are really intent on destroying themselves with drug.                      4) A different experience of the world could forge a completely different approach to life.  5) It is our conviction that cloning of human beings is bound to cause many ethical and social problems in the long run.                  4.1). As for, do not compel, capture of , have forged2) At huge risk, the mission, shelter3) who abolished, In the eyes of, racial  II. Words with Multiple Meaning I’ll tell you in a minute how I have attained the genuine sense of belonging in America, but first let me hear about your French trip. Most McDonald’s look almost the same on the outside, but actually there are about 16 different basic designs. Loaning money from the banks is but one of the methods we can use to get through a financial crisis. This second-hand car has been nothing but trouble: it’s always breaking down. In your resume you’ve mentioned everything but one vital point. Our technicians have discovered a simple but effective solution to the problem. I am sorry, but I think you shouldn’t have lingered on over coffee and missed the last bus. The bankruptcy of the company was not caused by evil, but by simple ignorance.  III. USAGE 1. lonely                             2. friendly3. weekly, monthly                     4. lovely5. cowardly                           6. kindly/ saintly7. lively                              8. motherly  COMPREHENSIVE EXERCISES I.                   CLOZE 1.1) forged                       2)  stand up3) compelled                    4) convictions5) mission                      6) abolish7) intent on                     8)  risk9) In the eyes of                 10) threats2.1) assistance                    2)  involved3) estimated                    4)  coincidence5) emerged                     6) referred7) numerous                    8) stationed9) concern                     10) capture II.                TRANSLATION  Though greatly affected by the consequences of the global financial crisis, we are still confident that we can face up to the challenge and overcome the crisis. Under threat of constant sand storms, we were compelled to leave our cherished village and move to the new settlement. According to a recent online survey, a lot of consumers say they may be motivated to consider buying products shown in TV commercials. Having spotted a truck driver dumping contaminated waste alongside the river, the old man reported to the police at once. Some scientists hold to the firm conviction that people will come to like genetically modified crops someday since they can increase yields and help combat hunger and disease in the developing world.  2.Shortly after he achieved freedom he became a member of an organization that assisted fugitive slaves. He secretly returned to the United States from Canada several times to help others to travel the Underground Railroad to freedom. Once some slave catchers closed in on the escaping slaves and Henson when they were on the run. He disguised them and successfully avoided capture. In addition, later he built a small settlement in Dresden in Canada for escaped slaves, setting up a chapel and a school where they could learn useful ways of making a living. He held to the conviction that slavery would be abolished, all the slaves would be liberated, and the day was bound to come when racial discrimination no longer existed.   TEXT B   COMPREHENSION CHECK 1.  b c d b b a TRANSLATION 这一和平的不服从行为在蒙哥马利引发了抗议, 最终使少数民族权利在法律上发生了变化,开创了美国民权运动的新时代。 后来她解释说,这儿似乎是她结束受人摆布,弄清如果有的话她究竟有何人权的地方。 但是,蒙哥马利的黑人团体认为应该团结在她周围组织抗议活动,她是适合担此重任的公民,因为她是该市最优秀的公民之一。 他说:“只有极少人能说自己的行动和行为改变了国家的面貌。 罗莎帕克斯就是那些人中的一个。”   LANGUAGE PRACTICE 1. d e f b g a h c 2.1) trial                          2) activist3) equality                       4) arrested5) transportation                  6) representatives7) legal                         8) boycotts9) fame                         10) representation 11) ushered in                    12) lain in honor / in state    Book 3  Unit 3  Security Text A   Content Questions No. No. It has been replaced by an era when people employ various secuirty devices at home. Small notices announcing that the premises are under surveillance by this security force or that guard company. The insurance company tries to impress the public that it will ensure your safety by paying for your losses. An atmosphere of fear and distrust. Because they feel threatened and want to keep outsides away. No. They are by now the most sophisticated of security sites. It is a way to hold the terrorists, real and imagined, at bay. To tell whether their friend or client is telling lies. All is done in the name of “security”. But according to the author, America, with all this “security”, is perhaps the most insecure nation in the history of civilization. We may have locked the evils out, but in so doing we have locked ourselves in.   Text Organization 1. PartsParagraphsMain IdeasPart OneParas 1-3In America, the era of leaving the front door on the latch has drawn to a close.Part TwoParas 4-15A new atmosphere of fear and distrust has crept into every aspect of daily life. As a result, security de vices, in varied forms, are put to use.        Part ThreeParas 16-19By locking our fears out, we become prisoners of our own making. 2.1) Doors are not left unlocked either in cities or in rural areas.2)    Dead-bolt locks, security chains, electronic alarm systems and trip wires are widely in use.3)    Suburban families have steel bars built in sliding glass doors.4)    Small notices warning against burglary are commonly seen pasted on the windows of the most pleasant of homes.5)    Access cards are required of those who work with medium to large-size companies.6)    Airport security uses electronic X-ray equipment to guard against terrorism.7)    Businessmen employ new machines linked up to their telephone to help determine whether the caller is telling lies or not.Suburban housewives wear rape whistles on their key chains. Language Sense Enhancement I.   1)   electronic                  2) hooked up to3)   suburban                4) built in5)     uncommon                        6) announcing                          7)    survaillance              8) symbol9)    featured                  10) attached to  Language Focus Vocabulary 1. I.   1. 1) threathens3) civilize5) wandered7) without so much as9) hook up to11) chart  2.   1) narrowed down3) cut off5) wear (the other) down7) put up2) by a small margin4) closed up6) paste8) sideways10) universal12) Bathed in 2) looked back on4) fit into6) lies in8) stand for 3.   1) A certain gene which is likely to make people vulnerable to asthma has been found by researchers at the Department of Clinical Medicine in Oxford.2)   A wardrobe with mirrored doors had to be built in so as to make their small bedroom look larger.3)   The NBC show's opening shots feature the space shuttle Challenger blowing up in January 1986—killing all seven crew.4)   When the teacher threatened to keep the pupils in after school they were quieted at once.5)   Energy difficulties are a major barrier to the country's economic growth due to the fact that imported oil has absorbed 40% of its foreign exchange / because imported oil has absorbed 40% of its foreign exchange.4.    1) Jacob looked back on his summer holidays spent on the Big Island of Hawaii with itsbeautiful landscape and tranquil atmosphere as a rare escape from the madness of urban life.2) Learning in the information era is really convenient and efficient. With your computer hooked up to the internet, you can easily obtain the electronic resources relevant to your research.3) Detectives, who believe more than one person is behind the constant attacks in the suburb, are using a sophisticated computer system to analyze specific behavior and situations. However, they are also aware that they shouldn’t rely too much on computer because it may make errors at times.. II. Collocation 1. away                                                     2.  inside/in3. forward/through                                     4.  back5. off                                                         6.  home7. back, down                                            8.  in, out III. Usage Internet is not such an unusual word as it used to be. Most men do not look unattractive in them. Wealthy as she is, she is not unconcerned by her sudden unemployment. This claim is not unrealistic in view of a sharp decrease in the city's violent crimes. His poor health is not unrelated to his unhealthy way of life. Comprehensive Exercises I. Cloze  1.1. Statistics                   2. rural3. era                       4. stood for5. on the latch                                6. vulnerable7. barriers                                 8. electronic9. reflection                              10.civilized 2.1. tougher            2. liable3. shift                     4. electric5. cautious                    6. sophisticated7. thieves                     8. break9. chances                  10. signs  II. Translation 1. 1).      The Internet is changing the way people live, no matter whether they are in urban or rural areas.2).      Medium-sized and small companies are more vulnerable to the threat of the global economic crisis than large ones.3).      With regard to our term papers, the professor asked us to analyze the chart of unemployment first, and then provide critical reflections on the nation’s economic development.4).      It never occurred to him that their team would win the basketball match by a large margin.5).      Looking back on my twenty years’ teaching in high school, I attributed my success to patience, talent, and the constant pursuit of knowledge.2.It is almost impossible to keep a determined burglar out. All you can do is discourage him for a few minutes, thus exposing him to police patrols or those wandering around. Common sense tells us that lighting is a barrier to criminal activity. A light should be fixed in the doorway and switched on at night. Make sure/assure yourself that you don’t leave the door on the latch if you happen to be the last to come in. If you decide to buy a sophiticated electronic alarm system, be sure to ask for its signs and put them up on both windows and doors. In addition you may have it hooked up to a police station. Chinese Translations of Texts A&B 第三单元安全问题课文A    许多年前,在美国,家家户户白天黑夜不锁门是司空见惯的。在本文中,格林叹惜人们不再相互信任,不得不凭借精密的安全设备来保护自己和财产。锁之国鲍勃·格林    小时候在家里,我们的前门总是夜不落锁。我不知道这是当地的一种说法还是大家都这么说的;“不落锁”的意思是掩上门,但不锁住。我们谁都不带钥匙;晚上最后一个回家的人把门关上,这就行了。    那样的日子已经一去不复返了。在乡下,在城里,·门不再关着不锁上,哪怕是傍晚一段时间也不例外。    在许多方面,郊区和农村甚至比巡查严密的城市街道更易受到攻击。统计显示,那些据称是安宁的地区的犯罪率上升得比城镇更为显著。不管怎么说,前门虚掩不落锁的时代是一去不复返了。    取而代之的是防盗锁、防护链、电子报警系统,以及连接警署或私人保安公司的报警装置。郊区的许多人家在露台上安装了玻璃滑门,内侧有装得很讲究的钢条,这样就没人能把门撬开。    在最温馨的居家,也常常看得到窗上贴着小小的告示,称本宅由某家安全保卫机构或某个保安公司负责监管。    锁成了美国的新的象征。的确如此,一家大保险公司最近的一则公益广告没有用图表表明我们所处的危险有多大,而是用了一幅童车的图片,车身上悬着如今随处可见的挂锁。    广告指出,没错,确是保险公司理赔失窃物品,但谁来赔偿互不信任、担心害怕这种新氛围对我们的生活方式所造成的影响呢?谁来对美国从自由之国到锁之国这一蜕变作出精神赔偿呢?    因为那就是现状。我们已经变得如此习惯于保护自己不受美国生活新氛围的影响,如此习惯于设置障碍,以致无暇考虑这一切意味着什么。    出于某种原因,当我们觉得防范周密时才安心;我们没有想到问问自己:为什么会出现这种情况?为什么非得把自己与邻居和同住一城的居民隔绝开来,这一切究竟是从什么时候开始主宰我们生活的?    这一切确实主宰了我们的生活。如果你在一家大中型公司上班,你上下班很可能不好随意进出。你可能随身带着某种出入卡,电子的或别的什么的,因为这卡能让你进出工作场所。也许前台的保安认识你这张脸,平日一挥手让你进去,但事实明摆着,你所任职的公司深感面临威胁,因此要借助这些“钥匙”不让外人靠近。    这种现象并非向来有之。即使在十年前,大多数私营公司仍采取自由出入的做法。那时管理人员根本没想到过恰当的手段是不信任他人。    且看各地机场。过去家长常常带孩子去登机口看飞机起飞降落。这种事再也没有了。机场不再是一个有趣的学习场所;它们成了拥有最精密的安全检查系统的场所。    凭借着电子透视装置,我们似乎终于想出妙计让恐怖分子无法近身,无论是真的恐怖分子还是凭空臆想的。能解决这一问题真是如释重负,于是我们就不去多想这种状况对我们的生活质量意味着什么。如今我们走过这些电子搜查器时已经看都不看一眼了;这些装置,还有它们所代表的一切已经获胜。    我们的居住区处在强光源的照射之下;我们连哪怕像阴影这样小小的享受也不想给自己。    越来越多的商人正购置连接在电话机上、能剖析来电者声音的新机器。据说那种机器能让商人知道他的朋友或客户是否在撒谎,其出错概率很小。    所有这一切都是以“安全”的名义实施的:我们是这么跟自己说的。我们害怕,于是我们设法把害怕锁在外面,我们认定,那就是安全的意义。    其实不然;我们虽然有了这一切安全措施,但我们或许是人类文明史上最不安全的国民。还有什么更好的字眼能用来描述我们被迫选择的生活方式呢?还有什么更为可悲地表明我们在这个令人困惑的新时代所感受到的惶恐之情呢?    我们不信任何人。郊区的家庭主妇在家庭旅行用车钥匙链上挂着防强暴口哨,我们在自我防卫方面变得如此聪明,最终全都聪明反被聪明误。我们或许是把邪恶锁在了门外;但在这么做的同时我们把自己锁在里边了。      那也许是我们将来回顾这一时代时记得最牢的精神遗产:在对付我们中间无形的恐惧之时,我们成了自己的囚徒。在我们这个问题重重的时代,所有的人都是囚徒。  第三单元安全问题课文B    在美国,许多人拥有手枪。有人为了自卫买枪.,如盖尔·巴卡尔特。另外一些人则拒绝这么做,比如她的许多朋友,因为他们认为,枪支引发的问题比解决的更多。以前盖尔与她的朋友们持有相同的观点,但后来她改变了看法。读一读她所要说的,并判定她的选择是否明智。   我为什么买枪盖尔·巴卡尔特    我在曼哈顿一个相当不错的社区长大。我的中上层阶级的社会背景从来与枪支无涉。我的父母要是觉得有威胁存在,他们就在门上再加把锁。    读高中时,我用一件开司米羊毛衫跟人换了个黑色的臂章。我参加人权游行,逃避民防演习,抗议越南战争。做个妙龄十八的少女,当名反战分子,真是轻松愉快。那时我还没有一个11岁的孩子要抚养。   (1)时至今日,我成了一个典型的被枪支制造商看中并视为其潜在买主的那位女人——成了成千上万个采取这种行动的人中一员。 一个万圣节的晚上,在我婚后移居的凤凰城,我开始怀疑自己的和平主义信条。一辆车与我的车差点迎头相撞时,我几乎都到家了。我以纽约城出租车司机的敏捷快速摇下车窗,高声咒骂那个开车的。他当即掉转车头,几乎撞上我的车后保险杠。这时,他和两个同伴从车窗伸出头来,嚷嚷着要强奸我,砍我,杀了我。    我开进了车道才想起丈夫不在家。这下我进退两难。那辆车尾随着跟了进来。我把车开到后门廊停下,冲进厨房,我家的那两条狗站在那儿等我。那三条汉子从汽车里一拥而出,进了院子。    我的心怦怦直跳。我抓起杰克和斯露西的颈圈,一条是200磅重的爱尔兰狼狗,另一条是它的伙伴,140磅重的北极犬。随后我一脚踢开后门——我吓坏了,变得暴躁好斗——我真的问那三个混蛋有没有种继续走过来。有狗相助,局势变得对我有利了,那三条汉子奔回可保安全的汽车里,嚷嚷着说明天来崩了我。总算幸运,他们没再露面。    几年后,我离了婚,带着3岁的儿子乔丹前往洛杉矶(那两条狗也死了)。几个星期后我送他去幼儿园,老师发现我是个单身母亲,马上提醒我,我刚搬入的居住区里有个强奸犯。    我给警察局打了个电话,他们证实了这一情况。那个强奸犯没有什么特别的作案规律。有时他在受害者家里等候,有时他趁人入睡时潜入。当时正是夏天,可夜间我还是谨慎地锁住窗户,然后躺在床上,吓得浑身是汗。谢天谢地,那个强奸犯被逮住了,可那是在他又强暴了两名女子之后。    不久,报纸上又报道起一个丧心病狂的恐怖人物的事来。此人名叫理查德·巴米里,人称“入室杀手”,被抓获前,一连几个月残害、杀死他人。(2)据称他的犯罪行为非常残忍,他加害于人的欲望非常强烈,这使我开始对自己在任何情况下不杀人的信念产生了怀疑。取人性命的念头令我憎恨,但想及成为他人受害者就更可怕了。我开始问自己,你怎么跟一个杀人犯或强奸犯谈论和平主义呢?       最后,我决定要自我防卫,哪怕这意味着杀死他人。(3)我意识到,自己曾经积极提倡的一厢情愿的和平主义会加害自身,更糟的是,会危害我的儿子。于是我极不情愿地认定:为了我们的生存,我必须确保又一个最佳选择方案。我的选择是:依靠警察,或拥有一支枪。    我给不久前认识的一个人打电话,我记得他有好几支枪。他告诉我,他有一支史密斯一韦森0.38口径特种枪要出售,建议我买下,因为那支枪小巧好使,又有必要的威慑力。    我买下了枪。在同一天,我弄到了6发包着塑料头、一撞击就崩碎的特别的子弹。这些子弹不是打靶练习用的,是防身用的。    花了大约50美元,我还买了个金属安全盒。如果知道正确的暗码,它的按钮式锁一碰就开,大概比伸手去床头柜抽屉取它只慢一两秒钟。我知道儿子乔丹拿不到它,但我拿得到。    我把枪拿回家,乔丹兴奋得不得了。他不停地拿起来看,我紧张地瞧着。但我相信,知识仍是我们最有力的防范手段。由于我主张对孩子进行性知识教育、艾滋病知识教育以及让孩子学会开车,我不能不赞成教儿子关于枪的知识。    随后,我携枪带着儿子去射击场。我给乔丹租了一支0.22口径的手枪。(0.38口径的手枪他摆弄不了。)10分钟后他放下了枪,我不禁松了口气——他不喜欢握枪的感觉。    但他并不因此不来问我,如果我不在家时有人闯入+他能不能使用手枪。我大喝一声“不行!”,喊声响得把我们两人都吓得跳了起来。我解释说,要是真有人闯入,他人小,又灵活,完全可以跳窗逃命。    如今他对那支枪早没了兴趣。两人在我的卧室一起看电视时,我常常练习开启安全盒,乔丹替我计时。我已经快到只需要3秒钟了。我会问他,拿枪时第一件要做的事是什么,他像看傻瓜似的看着我,说:“要看看子弹是不是没上膛。不过我不会去碰它,也不会跟朋友们说的。”乔丹对枪已经厌倦了。    而我则盼着每个星期一——射击场的“女士专场”——我可以免费练习射击。我在柜台上买一盒子弹、几个靶子,戴上护眼罩和护耳罩,穿过双层门,来到射击区。    到了那儿,我把子弹装上膛,看着枪管上的瞄准器调整瞄准方向。我对着25英尺开外的真人大小的靶子的胸部连发6弹。随着一发发子弹洞穿对面画着的图像,我意识到,自己正在习惯拥有枪支,拿枪时不再害怕了。枪的重量握在手里已觉得挺舒服。我坚守坚持练习的诺言。太多的人由于不知如何使用枪而死在自己的枪下。    我花了好多年才决定买枪,又花了好几个星期才学会把子弹装上膛。枪让我恶梦不断。    一天夜晚,我梦见自己醒来,发现有人闯进屋子。我一把抓起枪,坐在床脚处等着。最后我看见他拐过墙角朝我走来。他很高大,把过道都堵住了——根本不可能击不中。我不想开枪,.但我知道生死在此一搏。(4)我手指扣住扳机,最后用力一扣,在亲手结束了侵入者生命的同时也庆幸自己没有成为牺牲品。就在我决定开枪时我醒了。    我如释重负,不由得热泪流淌,幸亏这只是个梦。       我从来没有像在买枪一事上对某种行为的后果如此反复权衡——可是,我也从来没做过后果如此严重的事。’我的大多数朋友甚至不肯跟我谈论这事。他们认为,暴力只能导致暴力。    他们或许是对的。  Unit 4 Was Einstein a Space Alien? Text A Content Questions (P.99) He worked as a “Technical Expert, Third Class”. He needed the job to support his young family. He published five of the most important papers in the history of science. This is because they proved that atoms and molecules existed, laid the foundation for quantum mechanics, describe the theory of special relativity, and advanced the famous equation: E=mc2 He developed the Theory of Universal Gravitation then. Because his ideas were far ahead of other scientists of his time. He meant that like other scientists Einstein was a man of his time. If he hadn’t been born, his 1905 papers would eventually have been written in some form by others. What was remarkable about 1905 is that year a single person authored five of the most improtant papers in science. Einstein proposed in 1905 that light is particulate and for this he won the Nobel Prize in 1921. Because if y
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