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-_新课标八年级上册英语单元知识点归纳Unit1 Where did you go on vacation?短语归纳1. go on vacation去度假 2.stay at home待在家里 3.go to the mountains去爬山4.go to the beach去海滩 5.visit museums 参观博物馆 6.go to summer camp去参加夏令营7.quite a few相当多 8.study for tests为测验而学习 9.go out出去 10.most of the time大部分时间 11.have a good time doing=have fun doing =enjoy oneself玩得高兴 12.of course=sure =certainly当然 13.feel like给……的感觉;感受到 14.go shopping去购物 15.in the past在过去 16.walk around四处走走 17.because of+名词短语:因为 because+句子 18. a/one bowl of… 一碗…… 19. the next day第二天 20.drink tea喝茶 21.find out找出;查明 22.go on继续 23.take photos照相 24.something important重要的事 25.up and down上上下下26.come up出来 come out 出版发行27.go out with anyone 跟别人出去 28.say about 发表对…看法 29.rain hard 雨下得大30.too much+不可数名词 太多 too many+可数名词复数 太多 much too+形容词 太用法:1.buy sth. for sb. / buy sb. sth.为某人买某物2.taste / look/sound/smell good. 尝起来/看起来/听起来/闻起来不错3.nothing…but+动词原形 除了……之外什么都没有4.seem+(to be)+ adj. 看起来……5.arrive in+大地点 / arrive at+小地点 /get to +地点/reach +地点 到达某地6.decide to do sth.决定去做某事7.try doing sth.尝试做某事 / try to do sth.尽力去做某事 8.forget doing sth.忘记做过某事/ forget to do sth.忘记做某事9.enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事 10. want to do sth.想去做某事 11.start doing sth.开始做某事12.stop doing sth. 停止做某事 13.dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事 14.keep doing sth.继续做某事 keep on doing sth 不停做某事15.Why not do. sth.=why don’t you do sth为什么不做……呢? 16.so+adj.+that+从句 如此……以至于……17.tell sb. (not) to do sth. 告诉某人(不要)做某事18.enough +名词,形容词+enough19.not really .真的没有。20.seem to do sth 似乎好像做某事21.Bye for now!到这该说再见了。22.How do you like …=What do you think of…=What do you think about… Unit2 How often do you exercise?短语1. help with housework帮助做家务 2. on weekends=on the weekend在周末 3.how often多久一次 how soon多久(回答in 10 years) 4. hardly ever几乎从不5. once a week每周一次 twice a month每月两次 every day每天 three/four…times a week每周三四…次 6. be free =be available有空7. go to the movies去看电影 8. use the Internet用互联网 on the Internet在网上 surf the Internet 上网9. swing dance摇摆舞 10. play tennis打网球 play+球类/棋类/中国乐器 play the +西洋乐器 11. 11.stay up late熬夜;睡得很晚 12.at least至少 at most最多 13.have/take dance and piano lessons上舞蹈课和钢琴课 14.go to bed early早点睡觉 15. play sports=do sports进行体育活动 16. be good for对…有好处 be good at=do well in 擅长 be good with 与…相处融洽 17. go camping去野营 18. 18. not…at all一点儿也不…… at all 根本 first of all首先 19. 19.in one’s free time在某人的业余时间 20.the most popular最受欢迎的 21. such as比如;诸如 22. old habits die hard积习难改 23. go to the dentist去看牙医 24. more than多于;超过 less than少于 25.the answers to the questions 问题的答案用法1. help sb. with sth.帮助某人做某事 2.How about doing…?=what about doing ......怎么样?3.want sb. to do sth.想让某人做某事 4.How many+可数名词复数+一般疑问句? 有多少…?5.主语+find+that从句. ……发现…… 6.spend time with sb.和某人一起度过时光7.It’s+ adj.+(for sb)+ to do sth. 对某人来说,做某事是……的。 8. ask sb. about sth.向某人询问某事9.by doing sth. 通过做某事(回答how引导的疑问句) 10.What’s your favorite…?你最喜爱的…是什么?11.the best way to do sth.做某事的最好方式 12.How come ?怎么回事?Unit3 I’m more outgoing than my sister.短语 1. more outgoing更外向 2. as+形容词/副词原形as…与……一样 not as/so…as不如3.the singing competition唱歌比赛 4.be similar to与……相像的/类似的 the same… as和……相同;与……一致 be different from与……不同 5. care about关心;介意 take care of =look after照顾 6. be like a mirror像一面镜子 7. the most important最重要的8.as long as只要;既然 9.bring out使显现;使表现出 10.get better grades取得更好的成绩 11.reach for伸手取 12.in fact事实上;实际上 13.make friends交朋友 14.one…,the other… 一个…,另一个 15.touch one’s heart感动某人 16.be talented in music有音乐天赋17.share everything 分享一切 18.talk about 谈论 19.primary school students小学生 middle school student 中学生 20. information 是不可数名词,一则消息: a piece of information21.the English study center英语学习中心用法1.make sb. do sth.让某人做某事2.want to do sth.想要做某事 3.That’s not important for me… 对我来说,那是不重要的4.both 放于be 动词之后 5.call sb at +电话号码:给某人打电话6.主语+谓语+比较级+than +比较对象形容词和副词的比较级、最高级 大多数形容词和副词有三个等级:1)原级(不作比较),修饰词very,so,too,pretty,really;2)比较级,表示“较……”或“更……”的意思(两者之间进行比较), 标志词than,A or B,of the two, 修饰词much,a lot,a little;3)最高级,表示“最……”的意思(三者或三者以上作比较),形容词最高级前面一般要加定冠词the,后面可带in(of)短语来什么比较的范围。形容词和副词的比较级和最高级规则变化: 构 成 方 法 原 级 比 较 级最 高 级单音节词和部分双音节词一般在词尾加-er或-esthighshorthighershorter Highestshortest以字母e词尾的词,加-r或-stlatefinelaterfinest Latestfinest重读闭音节词词尾只有一个辅音字母时,先双写辅音字母,再加-er或-esthotbigthinfathotterbiggerthinnerfatterHottestbiggestthinnestfattest以“辅音字母+y”结尾的双音节词,先把“y”改为“i”,再加-er或-est funnyeasyearlyfunniereasierearlierFunniesteasiestearliest多音节词和部分双音节词在词前加more或mostbeautifulathleticoutgoingmore beautifulmore athleticmore outgoingmost beautifulmost athleticmost outgoing形容词和副词的比较级和最高级不规则变化: 原 级 比较级 最高级 good/well better best bad/badly worse worst many/much more most little less least far farther(更远) further(更深远) farthest(最远) furthest(最深远)注:a little ,much ,even 修饰比较级Unit4 What’s the best movie theater?1. movie theater电影院 2. close to…离……近 3. clothes store服装店 4.in town在镇上be new in town 新来到镇上的 5. so far到目前为止 6. 10 minutes by bus坐公共汽车10分钟的路程 7.talent show才艺表演 8. have …in common有相同特征的 in common 共同,共有 9. around the world世界各地;全世界 10. more and more……越来越……11. and so on等等 12. all kinds of……各种各样的 kind of 稍微,有点 what kind of 哪种类型的 13. be up to是……的职责;由……决定 14.not everybody并不是每个人 15. make up编造(故事、谎言等) 16. for example例如 17. take…seriously认真对待 18.give sb. sth.=give sth to sb 给某人某物 19.come true(梦想、希望)实现;达到 20.play a role in doing =play a part in doing 在…方面发挥作用/有影响 21. comfortable seats舒适的座位 22. big screens大屏幕 23. buy tickets quickly 买票快24. waiting time 等待时间 25.my way around 周围的路 26.get a very good prize得到一个非常不错的奖品用法:1.Can I ask you some…?我能问你一些……吗?2.Thanks for doing sth.因做某事而感谢。3.See/watch sb. do sth.观看某人做某事4.one of+可数名词的复数 ……之一5.can’t wait to do sth 迫不及待做某事 wait for 等待6.What do the people say about the performers? 人们对这些表演者有何评论?7.be fun to do sth 很高兴要去做某事 be fun doing sth 很高兴一直做某事8.make one’s dream come true 愿某人梦想成真9.Lots of old people like to take walks there.许多老人喜欢在那儿散步。10.The songs are always boring and too loud. 歌曲总是很无聊,而且声音太大。Unit5 Do you want to watch a game show?1. think of认为 2. learn from从……获得;向……学习 3.find out查明;弄清楚 4. talk show谈话节目 game show游戏节目 soap opera肥皂剧 sports show 体育节目 scary movies恐怖电影 5. watch a movie看电影 6. a pair of一双;一对 7. .try one’s best to do sth尽某人最大努力做某事 8.have a discussion about就……讨论9.one day(过去/将来)有一天 some day 将来某一天 10.dress up打扮;梳理 11.take sb.’s place代替;替换12.do a good job干得好 13.something enjoyable令人愉快的东西 14.interesting information有趣的资料15. look like看起来像 16. a symbol of……的象征 17.over 80 years ago80多年前 18.face any danger 面对任何危险 19.be famous for 因…而著名 be famous as+职业作为..而出名 20. in the cartoon 在卡通片中用法:1. let sb. do sth.让某人做某事 2.plan to do sth.计划/打算做某事 3. hope to do sth.希望做某事 happen to do sth.碰巧做某事 expect to do sth.盼望做某事 b e ready to do sth.乐于做某事 4.be serious about对…当真 5.I can’t stand them我无法忍受他们6.I don’t mind them.我不介意他们Unit6 I’m going to study computer science.1. grow up成长;长大 grow into 成长为 2. be sure about对……有把握 make sure确信;务必3. send…to…把……送到…… send away 送走 4. be able to do能够做某事 5. the meaning of……的意思 6. different kinds of不同种类的 7. write down写下;记下 write articles 写文章 8. have to do with关于;与……有关系 9.take up开始做;学着做 10. too…to…太……而不能……/太……以至于不能 11. want to be 想成为 12. worry about 担忧担心 13. a fast car 跑车14. a race car driver 赛车手15. take acting/singing lessons上表演/歌唱课 16.cooking school 烹饪学校 17. make the soccer team成为足球队一员、组建足球队 18. get back from school从学校返回 19. make resolutions 下决心20.at the beginning of 在…开始,在…初用法:1. be going to+动词原形 打算做某事 2. practice doing练习做某事 3.learn to do sth.学会做某事 4. finish doing sth.做完某事 5. promise to do sth.许诺去做某事6.help sb. (to) do sth.帮助某人做某事 7.remember to do sth.记住做某事 8.agree to do sth.同意/接受做某事 agree with sb 同意某人的观点 disagree with sb 不同意某人的观点9. love to do sth.喜爱做某事 10.do you know +陈述语序句子Unit7 Will people have robots?短语1. on computer在电脑上 study at home on computers在家中电脑上学习 2.on paper在纸上 3. live to be 200 years old活到200岁 4. free time空闲时间 5. in danger处于危险之中 6. on the earth在地球上 7. space station太空站 8. look for寻找 9. computer programmer电脑编程员 10. in the future在未来 11. hundreds of许多;成百上千 12. over and over again多次;反复地 13. get bored感到厌烦的 14. wake up醒来 15.fall down倒塌 16.in one’s home在某人的家中 17.in 100 years: 100年后 18. in an apartment 在一所公寓里19.look like 看起来像 20.believe in sb=trust in sb 信任某人 believe sb 相信某人说的话用法:1.will+动词原形 将要做……2.fewer/more+可数名词复数 更少/更多……less/more+不可数名词 更少/更多……3.have to do sth.不得不做某事(客观) must 必须(主观)4.agree with sb.同意某人的意见5.There will be + 主语+其他 将会有……6.There is/are +sb./sth.+doing sth.有……正在做某事7.make sb. do sth. 8.help sb. with sth.帮助某人做某事 9.What will the future be like ? 未来将会是什么样子?10.Which side do you agree with ?你同意哪一方的观点?Unit8 How do you make a banana milk shake?1. milk shake奶昔 2. turn on接通(电流、煤气、水等);打开turn off 关上turn up旋大(灯火等),开大(煤气等)调高(声音等),turn down 把(灯火、电器等)关小一点;拒绝 3. pour…into…把……倒入…… 4. a cup of yogurt一杯酸奶 5. a good idea好主意 6.cut up切碎 cut sth into pieces把某物切成碎片7. put…into…把……放入…… 8.one more thing还有一件事 9.a piece of一片/张/段/首……two pieces of bread 两片面包10. a spoon of …一勺 11. at this time在这时 12. fill A with B用B把A装满13.cover A with B用 B 覆盖A 14.one by one一个接一个;逐个;依次 15.for a long time很长时间16.mix it all up 将它们混合在一起了 mix A with B 把AB 混合 17. another 10 minutes另外10分钟 18. plant a tree种一棵树 wash clothes洗衣服 19. take out a book from the library从书店拿出一本书 20. dig a hole 挖个坑 21. on special holidays在特殊的节日里 22.rice noodles 米线 23.at a very high temperature在很高的温度下 24.tomato and egg soup 西红柿鸡蛋汤用法 1.how many+可数名词复数 多少…… how much+不可数名词 多少……2.It’s time (for sb.)+to do sth. 到(某人)做某事的时3.做奶昔步骤. make a banana milk shake制作香蕉奶昔 (1) peel the bananas 剥香蕉 (2). cut up the bananas切碎香蕉(3). put the bananas and ice-cream in the blender将香蕉和冰淇淋放入搅拌器 (4). pour the milk into the blender 将牛奶倒入搅拌器(5). turn on the blender 打开搅拌器电源 (6)drink the milk shake 喝奶昔 First…Next…Then…Finally 首先……接下来……然后…….最后…… 4.how + to do sth.如何做某事5.need+to do sth.需要做某事 6.make sth for sb 为某人制作某物7.What’s next?接下来是什么?8.That’s it ?行了吧?好了吗? Unit9 Can you come to my party?短语:1. on Saturday afternoon在周六下午 2. prepare for为……做准备 prepare to do sth 准备做某事 3. go to the doctor去看医生 4. have the flu患感冒 5. help my parents帮助我的父母 6. come to the party来参加聚会 7.meet my friend会见我的朋友8..another time其他时间 9.last fall=last autumn去年秋天 10.go to the party去聚会11.hang out with sb 和某人一起闲逛 12.the day after tomorrow后天 the day before yesterday前天 13. have a piano lesson上钢琴课 14.accept an invitaton接受邀请14. turn down an invitation拒绝邀请 15. look for寻找 look after=take care of照顾16. take a trip去旅行 17 at the end of this month这个月末 18.look forward to doing盼望;期待 19.the opening of… ……的开幕式/落成典礼 20. reply in writing书面回复21.go to the concert去听音乐会 not…until直到……才22. too much homework太多作业 do homework做家庭作业 23.after school放学后 24.help out分担工作,解决难题 25,hear from sb 收到某人的来信 26.any of the party preparations派对准备中的任何事用法:1. invite sb. to do sth.邀请某人做某事 invite sb to sp 邀请某人去某地2. what引导的感叹句结构:What+a/an+adj.+可数名词单数(+主语+谓语)!What+adj.+名词复数/不可数名词(+主语+谓语)!3.help sb.(to)do sth.帮助某人做某事4.be sad to do sth.做某事很悲伤5.see sb. do sth. see sb.doing sth.6.the best way to do sth.做某事最好的方式7.have a surprise party for sb.为某人举办一个惊喜派对8.look forward to doing sth.期盼做某事9.reply to sth./sb.答复某事/某人10.What’s today?今天是什么日子? What’s the date today?今天几号? What day is it today?今天星期几?11. Thanks for asking= Thanks for inviting = Thanks for your invitantion谢谢你的邀请12.refuse to do sth 拒绝做某事Unit10 If you go to the party,you’ll have a great time!短语:1. stay at home待在家里 2. take the bus乘公共汽车 3. tomorrow night明天晚上 4. have a class party进行班级聚会 have a class meeting开班会5. half the class一半的同学 6. make some food做些食物 7. order food订购食物 8. at the party在聚会上 9. potato chips炸土豆片,炸薯条 10. in the end=at last =finally最后 11. make mistakes犯错误 make careless mistakes犯粗心的错误12. give sb. some advice给某人提一些建议 a piece of advice 一条建议13.go to college上大学 14.make(a lot of)money赚(许多)钱 15.travel around the world环游世界 16.get an education得到教育 17.work hard努力工作 18.a soccer player一名足球运动员 19.keep…to oneself保守秘密 20.talk to sb.与某人交谈 21.in life 在生活中 22.be angry at/about sth.因某事生气 be angry with sb.生某人的气 23.run away(from)逃避;逃跑 24.the first step第一步 25. cut in half分成两半 26. solve a problem解决问题 27. school clean-up学校大扫除 28. children’s hospital儿童医29. get up late 起床晚 30. wear jeans穿牛仔裤 wear nice clothes穿漂亮的衣服 31.getadvice from an expert从专家那里得到建议 32.stay out待在外面 33.old people’s home 敬老院用法:1. ask sb. to do sth.要求某人做某事 2.give sb. sth.=give sth to sb 给某人某物 3.tell sb. to do sth.告诉某人做某事 4.too…to do sth.太……而不能做某事5.be afraid to do sth.害怕做某事 6.advise sb. to do sth.劝告某人做某事7.It’s best (not) to do sth.最好(不)做某事 8.need to do sth.需要做某事9.order sb to do sth 命令某人做某事 10.have enough time to do sth 有足够的时间做某事关于英语作文优美句子1.Burn one's bridges.破釜沉舟.背水一战2.Great minds think alike.英雄所见略同3.No news is good news.没有消息就是好消息4.One picture is worth a thousand words.(One eyewitness is better than ten hearsays.)百闻不如一见5.Nothing ventured, nothing gained.(Nothing brave, nothing have.)不入虎穴,焉得虎子6.Life is full of ups and downs.生活充满起伏7.It's no use crying over spilt milk.覆水难收8.Hunger is the best sauce.饥饿是最好的调味品9.Better late than never.迟做总比不做好.10.God helps those who help themselves.天助自助者.11.Love me, love my dog.爱屋及乌12.Don't count your chickens before they hatch.小鸡孵出之后才算数13.He bites off than her can chew.(The eye is bigger than the belly.)贪多嚼不烂14.Everyone has a skeleton in his closet.人人都有不可告人之事15.To teach a fish how to swim.班门弄斧.16.Rome wasn't built in a day.伟业非一日建成17.Well begun, half done.好的开始,成功了一半18.Every cloud has a silver lining.乌云背后是银边19.Look before you leap.三思而后行20.Birds of a feather flock together.物以类聚21.A little knowledge is dangerous.一知半解最危险22.Clothes make the man.人要衣装.佛要金装23.A good medicine tastes bitter.良药苦口.24.History repeats itself.历史会重演25.strike while the iron is hot.趁热打铁26.as poor as a church mouse.穷得一文不名27.Where there's smoke, there's fire.无风不起浪.事出必有因28.A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step.千里之行始于足下29.A rolling stone gathers no moss.滚石不生苔.转业不聚财30.Many hands make light work.人多好做事. 31.A miss is as good as a mile.失之毫厘,差之千里.32.A friend in need is a friend indeed.患难见真情.33.A bad beginning makes a bad ending.不善始者不善终.34.A young idler, an old beggar.少壮不努力,老大徒伤悲.35.Do as the Romans do.入乡随俗.36.Many things grow in the garden that were never sown there.有心栽花花不开,无心插柳柳成荫.37.Misfortunes never come alone.祸不单行.38.Never too old to learn, never too late to turn.亡羊补牢,为时未晚.39.No one can call back yesterday.昨日不会重现.40.No sweet without sweat.先苦后甜.41.Still water run deep.静水流深.42.The pot calls the kettle black.五十步笑百步.43.The water that bears the boat is the same that swallows it up.水能载舟,亦能覆舟.44.Think twice before you do.三思而后行.45.Time tries all.路遥知马力,日久见人心.46.To save time is to lengthen life.节约时间就是延长生命.47.Troubles never come singly.福无双至,祸不单行.48.Water dropping day by day wears the hardest rock away.滴水穿石.49.When in Rome, do as the Romans do.入国问禁,入乡随俗.50.Where there is life, there is hope.留得青山在,不怕没柴烧.51.where there is a will,there is a way.有志者事竟成




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