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人教版.八年级.上册英语各章复习计划重点资料库归纳(框架~).doc

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#*人教版八年级上册知识点汇总与习题Unit1 Where did you go on vacation?短语归纳go on vacation去度假 stay at home待在家里 go to the mountains去爬山go to the beach去海滩 visit museums 参观博物馆 go to summer camp去参观夏令营quite a few相当多 study for为……而学习 go out出去 most of the time大部分时间taste good尝起来很好吃 have a good time玩得高兴 of course当然 in the past在过去feel like给……的感觉;感受 go shopping去购物 walk around四处走走 because of因为one bowl of… 一碗…… the next day第二天 drink tea喝茶 find out找出;查明 go on继续 take photos照相 something important重要的事 up and down上上下下 come up出来 buy sth. for sb. / buy sb. sth.为某人买某物 taste + adj. 尝起来…… look+adj. 看起来…… nothing…but+动词原形 除了……之外什么都没有seem+(to be)+ adj. 看起来…… arrive in+大地点 / arrive at+小地点 到达某地decide to do sth.决定去做某事 try doing sth.尝试做某事 / try to do sth.尽力去做某事forget doing sth.忘记做过某事/ forget to do sth.忘记做某事 enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事 want to do sth.想去做某事 start doing sth.开始做某事 stop doing sth. 停止做某事 dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事 keep doing sth.继续做某事Why not do. sth.?为什么不做……呢? so+adj.+that+从句 如此……以至于……tell sb. (not) to do sth. 告诉某人(不要)做某事语法讲解1. go on vacation 度假  vacation相当于holiday,但vacation表示长的假期。4. something interesting有趣的东西1)something,anything,nothing,everything是指物的不定代词。somebody,someone,anybody,anyone,nobody,everybody,everyone是指人的不定代词。somewhere,anywhere,nowhere,everywhere是指地点的不定代词。2)当形容词修饰不定代词、不定副词时,放于其后; something special; somewhere wonderful.3)不定代词、不定副词做主语时,谓语动词用第三人称单数。如:Is everybody here? 大家都到齐了吗? 4)something,somebody,someone,somewhere用于肯定句及表示请求或建议的疑问句中anything,anybody,anyone,anywhere用于否定句、疑问句及条件状语从句中。如:Did you do anything interesting? 你做了有趣的事吗?(表疑问)Why don’t you visit someone with me? 你为什么不跟我一起去拜访下某个人呢?(表建议)If anything happens, please tell me. 如果有事情发生,请告诉我。6. buy sth. for sb. 或 buy sb. sth 如: buy some books for me. = buy me some books.7.提建议的句子: 8. ride bicycles 骑自行车①What/ how about +doing sth.? 如:What/ How about going shopping?②Why don’t you + do sth.? 如:Why don’t you go shopping?③Why not + do sth. ? 如:Why not go shopping?④Let’s + do sth. 如: Let’s go shopping⑤Shall we/ I + do sth.? 如:Shall we/ I go shopping?13. 辨析: get to/reach/arrive 都是“到达“的意思get to+地点=reach+地点= arrive at+地点(小)=arrive in+地点(大)注意:若他们后面要加地点副词here, there, home等,则不需要加介词。14.nothing...but...意为“除......之外; 只有”,如:I have nothing to do but watch TV all day long. 我整天除了看电视什么也没干。15. feel like 意为:“感受到;摸起来”,后跟宾语从句或名词。如:I felt like I was a bird. 我感觉我是一只鸟。另外,构成短语 feel like doing sth.意为“想做某事”。如:I feel like eating.我想吃东西。16. enjoy doing sth . 喜欢做…;乐意做…enjoy oneself 过得愉快 =have fun/have a good time.19. I wonder what life was like here in the past. 我想知道过去这里的生活是什么样的(n): 奇迹;令人惊讶的事情 如:No wonder! 难怪;不足为奇!wonder (v) 惊讶 如:wonder at sth. ; wonder to do sth.感到疑惑;想知道 如:I wonder where they are going.20. few与little 的区别:肯定否定许多可数a fewFewquite a few/not a few不可数a littleLittlequite a little/ not a little如:There is little sugar in the bottle. Can you get some?Still no one seemed to be bored. 仍然没有人感到烦闷。1)seem意为“好像;似乎;看来”,是个连系动词,构成的短语有:seem to do sth. 好像做某事 如: They seem to wait for you.. 他们似乎在等你。seem(to be)+adj. 似乎...... 如: He seemed ( to be) ill yesterday. 昨天他似乎病了。It seems that + 从句 似乎...... 如: It seems that he was ill yesterday. 昨天他似乎病了。其他表示状态的系动词有:feel(觉得); keep(保持);stay(保持);look(看来像...);smell(闻起来)sound(听起来……)taste(尝起来……)2) bored (adj),意为“感到厌倦的、无聊的”,其主语是某人;boring(adj),意为“令人厌倦的、无聊的”其主语是某物。 如:I got bored with the boring work. 我对这无聊的工作感到厌倦。相类似的词语还有 interested/ tired/ excited/ amazed/surprisedinteresting/ tiring/ exciting/ amazing/surprising22. decide(v)决定 decide to (not) do sth. = make a decision (not) to do sth.decision(n) decide on doing sth. 决定做某事如:Li Lei has decided to go to Beijing . 李雷已经决定去北京。23. Because of the bad weather, we couldn’t see anything below.1) because of + 名词/代词/名短 I had to move because of my job. 因为工作的原因because + 从句 如:I do it because I like it. 我做这件事是因为我喜欢。2)below意为“在......下面;低于”,其反义词为 above,意为“在......上面;高于”24.   形容词/副词+enough 如:wet/quietly enough 足够漂亮enough enough +名词 如:enough umbrellas 足够的雨伞足够 (形/副)+enough+ (名) to do sth.  足够…去做…如:I have enough money to go to Beijing. 我有足够的钱去北京。She is not old enough to go to school. 她年龄不够,不能去上学。同义句: She is too young to go to school. (too… to… :太… 而不能…)She is so young that she can’t go to school.如此…以致于(结果)25. so+形/副+that 从句:She is so popular that everyone likes her.such such+名短+ that 从句:She is such a popular girl that...so that 从句:结果…(为了) 如:He gets up early so that he can catch the early bus.26. 反身代词:myself/yourself/itself/herself/himself/ourselves/yourselves/themselves如:The child (herself) usually wears the clothes (herself).27.What a difference a day makes! 一天的差异多大啊!make a difference in…:对…有影响感叹句的结构1. What a/an + adj.+ n(单)+主+谓!或 What + adj. +n(复不)+主+谓!2. How+ adj. +主+谓(联系动词)!或 How + adv+主+谓(实义动词)!28. I just stayed at homemost of the time to read and relax.Unit2 How often do you exercise?短语归纳help with housework帮助做家务 on weekends在周末 how often多久一次 hardly ever几乎从不 once a week每周一次 twice a month每月两次 every day每天 be free有空 go to the movies去看电影 use the Internet用互联网 swing dance摇摆舞 play tennis打网球 stay up late熬夜;睡得很晚 at least至少 have dance and piano lessons上舞蹈课和钢琴课 go to bed early早点睡觉 play sports进行体育活动 be good for对……有好处 go camping去野营not…at all一点儿也不…… in one’s free time在某人的业余时间 the most popular最受欢迎的such as比如;诸如 old habits die hard积习难改 go to the dentist去看牙医morn than多于;超过 less than少于 help sb. with sth.帮助某人做某事 How about…? ......怎么样?/ ……好不好? want sb. to do sth.想让某人做某事 How many+可数名词复数+一般疑问句? ……有多少……?主语+find+that从句. ……发现…… spend time with sb.和某人一起度过时光It’s+ adj.+ to do sth. 做某事的……的。 ask sb. about sth.向某人询问某事by doing sth. 通过做某事 What’s your favorite……?你最喜爱的……是什么?the best way to do sth.做某事的最好方式语法讲解1. exercise (v/n)的用法1)(动):锻炼. 如: He exercises every day.2) (可数名词):“...操;练习”. 如:do morning/ eye exercises; do math exercises(不可数名词):“锻炼;运动”讲:如: We often do / take exercise on weekends.2. ----How often do you usually go shopping? —Sometimes/Twice a week. 有时候/一周两次.1) go shopping 意为“去购物”。Go+ v- ing : 表示进行某项活动。如:Go swimming/ shopping/skating/skiing/fishing/climbing/hiking2)频率副词:always=all the time, usually, often, sometimes=at times , hardly ever, never(1).sometimes: 有时候;sometime:某时;some times:许多次/倍; some time: 一段时间hard(2). hardly(adv): 几乎不 硬的;困难的;严厉的;勤奋的 a hard writer努力地; 猛烈地 study/rain hard3)how often表示“多久一次”,是对动作的频率进行提问。其回答通常有:频率副词: always, usually, often, sometimes, hardly ever, neverhow often 次数+时间段: 如:once or twice a weekevery +时间段: every day (每天) 区别:everyday(每天的;日常的)注意:表示“一次或两次”时,一般用once和twice表示。如:once a month(一个月一次)而表示“三次或以上”时,则用“数词+times”结构。如:five times a year (一年五次)4) 由how构成的疑问词组的用法“多少”how many+ 可数名词复数 如:how many programshow much+不可数名词 如:how much coffee但how much=what’s the price of..? 还有“多少钱”的意思 如:How much are those pants?how many times: “多少次”. 其答语表示次数。如:once ,twice,three times等How old...? 询问年龄 如:How old are you? I am five.“how long…?”(4) 多久(时间) 常用 for two days,for three hours等回答。 多长(某物的长度) 如:---How long is the river? --- 10 kms.(5)how soon 用来询问过多久,多久以后,其答语是in two hours,in three days等。如:How soon wil he come back? In an hour。3. “空闲的”:Are you free tonight? 4. at least 至少 at most 最多be free “自由的”: a free country freedom(n) 5. stay up 熬夜“免费的”: work for free. 6. junk food 垃圾食品full5. “满的;饱的” …be full of… : The bottle is full of water. 瓶子里装满了水。“忙的”=busy He had a full life6.She says it’s good for my health. 她说那对我的健康有益。(1)be good for:“对……有好处”。 如:Doing exercise is good for our health.(2)be good at:“擅长于……” 如:He is good at playing football.(3) be good to sb./sth: “对……好” 如:The old woman is good to us.(4) be good to do sth.: “适合;宜于” 如:The water is good to drink. (5) be good with: “与……相处好” 如: The teacher is good with his students.7.go online = use the Internet :上网 8. Teenager magazine 青少年杂志9. more than two hours=over two hours:超过 10. go to the dentist: 去看牙医11. keep healthy = stay healthy = keep in good health: 保持健康12. ask sb. to do : 叫…做某事 Teacher asked me to clean the classroom. Ask sb. not to do sth.: 叫…不要做某事 Teacher asked me not to clean the classroom. ask sb. about sth. : 问某人某事 We asked our students about their free time activities.ask sb. for sth. : 向某人要求… 如:ask teacher for help13. help sb. with sth. 如:They help me with this problem. 他们帮助你解决这个问题。 help sb.(to)do. 如:They help you (to) solve this problem. 他们帮助你解决这个问题。14. (n) 惊讶: to one’s surprise 令某人惊讶的是 in surprise 惊讶地surprise be surprised at sth. 对… 感到意外v) 使惊奇、意外: be surprised to do sth. 惊讶做某事be surprised that + 从句如:I was surprised at the news = I was surprised to hear the news.15. fifteen percent of the students 百分之十五的学生 16. swing dance 摇摆舞17. although(conj):“尽管;虽然”,表示转折关系,同义词有though, 不能与but同时使用。如: Although they’re neighbors, they don’t play together.= They’re neighbors, but they don’t play together. 尽管他们是邻居,但是他们不在一起玩。18. maybe (adv): 也许,大概 (Maybe) he (maybe) knows it.May + v(原):也许,大概 He may know it.如:Maybe he is at home.= He maybe is at home.= He may be at home.19. It’s good to relax by using the Internet or watching game shows.by: He learns English by singing English songs.通过… 方式 He went home by bus.= He went home on the bus= He took the bus home. through 通过… 方式+ 名词: The best way to relax is through exercise (从…里面)穿过: Climb through the window. 注意: 横过(从一边到另一边) walk across the street.例如20. such as =like + 名短: 如: such as winning the game.for example + 句子: 如:It’s healthy for the mind and the body.21. Old habits die hard. 恶习难改. die(v):死亡;消失 death(n): 死亡;dead(adj): 死的; dying(adj): 垂死的;临终的;(植)枯萎的 dying wish----遗言21. You can spend time with your friends and family as you play together.spend 度过(时间) 如:spend the weekend with family 花费(时间、钱) 如:He spent 20 yuan (in) buying the magazine.同义句:He spent 20 yuan on the magazine.He paid 20 yuan for the magazine.It took him 20 yuan to buy the magazine.The magazine cost him 20 yuan.Unit3 I’m more outgoing than my sister短语归纳more outgoing更外向 as…as…与……一样…… the singing competition唱歌比赛be similar to与……相像的/类似的 the same as和……相同;与……一致 be different from与……不同 care about关心;介意 be like a mirror像一面镜子 the most important最重要的 as long as只要;既然 bring out使显现;使表现出 get better grades取得更好的成绩 reach for伸手取 in fact事实上;实际上 make friends交朋友 the other其他的 touch one’s heart感动某人 be talented in music有音乐天赋 be good at擅长…… be good with善于与……相处have fun doing sth.享受做某事的乐趣 be good at doing sth擅长做某事 make sb. do sth.让某人做某事 want to do sth.想要做某事 as+adj./adv.的原级+as 与……一样…… It’s+ adj.+for sb. to do sth. 对某人来说,做某事……的。语法讲解15. 形容词和副词的比较级一、含义1. 大多数形容词和副词有三个等级: 原级、比较级、最高级: good – better - best2. 比较级:表示两者(人或物)之间的比较。3. 加more/most ~的情况:①.部分双音节和多音节词;②.-ed/ing结尾的词;③adj+ly→adv.4. 双写的词:一个大热天,一个胖子和一个瘦子穿着红衣服,汗湿了,很伤心。big hot fat thin red wet sad二.比较级基本句型:↗连系动词+ adj.(比) 如: Lucy is slower than Lily.1.主语+谓语动词+adj./adv(比)+ than+ 对比成分↘实义动词+ adv./ (比) 如:Lucy runs more slowly than Lily.2. 主语必须与对比成分保持一致:Her hair is longer than yours.(→your hair)同级比较 3. … as+adj./adv.(原级)+as …: “如同…一样…” 否定:… not as/so+adj./adv.(原级)+as …: “不如……一样……”4.比较级+and+比较级:越来越…… e.g. They talked more and more loudly.5. The比较级…,the+比较级…:越…就越… The more exercise you do, the stronger you’ll be.6. “Which / Who is + 比较级, A or B?” e.g. Which T-shirt is nicer, this one or that one?7. the+比较级+of the( two ) : 两者中较…的一个Of the twins, she was the more hard-working .8. 常用the one代单数可数名词,the ones /those 代替复数名词,that 代替不可数名词.e.g. The book here is newer than the one on the desk.The apples on the tree are fresher than those/the ones in the box.The weather in Wuhan is hotter than that in Beijing.9. 比较级前可用“数词+名词” 表示确定的度量。e.g. I am (5 years) older than him.The room is (3 times) as large as that one.注意: 1. 原级常与very, as,so, too, quite,pretty, really等连用。2. 比较级常与much, even, far, than, a little, a bit, a lot 等连用.3. Than 后的比较状语结构: e.g. He runs faster than me/ I (do).16. You can tell that Lisa really wanted to win, though. 然而,你能看得出丽莎真的想赢。讲述: tell a story/lie/joke.1). tell 告诉 : tell sb. sth.(不能为it/them)= tell sth. to sb. ; tell sb. (not) to do sth.辨别;识别:Can you tell the differences between the twins?2).though意为“然而;但是”,表示转折关系, 常放于句尾,用逗号隔开,而however可位于句首、句中或句末,常用逗号隔开。 However,You can tell that Lisa really wanted to win17. I think friends are like books--- you don’t need a lot of them as long as they’re good.我认为朋友就像书---你不需要很多,只要好 就行。look like : 看起来像(外貌) She is pretty tall.be like: 像(性格,外貌) He is outgoing/ serious.18. My best friend helps to brings out the best in me. 我最好的朋友帮我激发出我最好的品质.使显现;使表现出: The dress brings out the color of her skin.bring out 生产;出版: The factory brings out a new kind of car.bring out the best/worst in sb. 激发出某人最好/最差的品质.19. I know she cares about me because she’s always there to listen (to me).我知道她关心我,因为她随时都能够听我倾诉。(n) 小心;谨慎 Take care! 当心/保重 Cross the road with care.1). care :介意;在乎(=mind) I don’t care what happens. (v) care about: 关心;在意 如:He doesn’t care about anything people say.care for 关心;照顾 = take care of或look after喜欢;想要(否或疑) 如:Would you care for a cup of coffee?be there 2). for sb. 随叫随到;不离左右 如:Parents are always there for children. to do sth. 随时准备帮助 如:She is there to work out the problem.20. I don’t really care if my friends are the same as me or different. if: 是否; 如果我真的不介意是否我的朋友与我一样还是不同。21.They both like sports. 他们俩都喜欢运动。(both:两个都;用在实动之前,其它动词之后)You are both too young. They both speak English.Both of …..+名词复数 如: Both of the flowers are beautiful. 两朵花都很漂亮。both…and… 两者都…… 反义词组:neither…nor…两者都不……注意:all:都(三者或三者以上); either:两者中任一个;every:每个(三者或三者以上)22.A true friend reaches for your hand and touches your heart.一个真正的朋友(在你需要帮助的时候)向你伸出手,触动你的心弦。reach 到达: reach /arrive at /get to the school伸手去拿: reach ( out one’s hand) for sth.与…取得联系:How can I reach you?延伸:The forest reaches as far as the river. 森林延伸到河边。(v) 接触;触摸:Don’t touch the paint! 请勿触油漆!touch 触动;感动 I was touched/moved by his words. 我被他的话打动了。(n)接触;联系: keep in /losetouch with sb. 与...保持失去联系get in touch with sb. 与...取得联系23. She made me laugh and feel better. ( laugh at sb. 笑话;取笑某人)make/let /have sb. do sth.= get sb. to do sth. 使某人做某事make+宾语+形容词: 使某人/某事怎样 如: His words make us happy. 2).24. It’s not easy for me to make friends. (make friends with sb. 与...交朋友)It’s+adj.+ for sb.+ to do sth.: 某人做某事怎么样. (It是形式主语,to do sth.是真正主语)25. The most important thing is to learn something new and have fun.最重要的事情是学习新的东西和过的开心。26. That’s why I like reading books and I study harder in class.那是我喜欢读书和在班上更努力学习的原因。Unit 4 What’s the best movie theater?短语归纳movie theater电影院 close to…离……近 clothes store服装店 in town在镇上so far到目前为止 10 minutes by bus坐公共汽车10分钟的路程 talent show才艺表演 in common共同;共有 around the world世界各地;全世界 more and more……越来越……and so on等等 all kinds of……各种各样的 be up to是……的职责;由……决定make up编造(故事、谎言等) play a role in…在……方面发挥作用/有影响for example例如 take…seriously认真对待 give sb. sth.给某人某物 come true(梦想、希望)实现;达到 watch sb. do sth.观看某人做某事play a role in doing sth.发挥做某事是作用/在做某事方面扮演重要的角色one of+可数名词的复数 ……之一语法讲解形容词和副词的最高级一、含义1. 大多数形容词和副词有三个等级: 原级、比较级、最高级: badly – worse - worst2. 最高级:表示三者或三者以上(人或物)之间的比较。二.最高级基本句型结构↗ 系动词+ the+adj.(最) of + 同类 ( of all/us..)1. 主语 + 谓语动词 + the + adj./adv.(最) +↘ 实义动词+ (the)+ adv.(最) in + 范围 (in China...)如:Tara is the youngest of all. Linda draws (the) most carefully in her class.注:1. 副词的最高级前可省略 “the”: 如:sit (the) most comfortably 坐得最舒适2. 最高级前有其它的限定词时,不加“the”: my best friend2. Which / Who …+the + 最高级…, A, B or C ?e.g. Which do you like (the) best, apples, pears or oranges?3. one of +the +最高级(形)+名(复): “最…之一”。e.g. Jack Chen is one of the most famous actors in the world.4. the + 序数词+最高级(形)+名(单):e.g. Hainan is the second largest island in China.5. This is the +最高级(形)+名(单)+ that 从句:e.g. This is the worst movie that I have ever seen. 这是我曾经看过的最糟糕的电影。6. a+最高级(形)+名(单) : 表示“非常”。 e.g. Spring is a best season.三.原级、比较级、最高级的相互转换1、原级与比较级的转换:比较级+than → not...as/so...as...e.g. He speaks more loudly than me. → I don’t speak as/so loudly as he/him.2、比较级与最高级的转换: the other +名(复)(在范围之内) the+最高级 → 比较级+than+ any other+名(单)e.g. Jim is the tallest student in our class.Jim is taller than any other student in our class.Jim is taller than the other students in our class.Jim is taller than anyone else in our class.但:Jim is taller than any student/ the students in your class.21. That’s up to you to decide. 那由你决定。 be up to sb.( to decide.) 由某人决定be up to (doing) sth. 胜任;适合 如:He isn’t up to watching the flowers.What’up?= What’ wrong?= What’s the matter? 怎么哪?what’s more: 另外;还有 what’s worse: 更糟糕的是22.How do you like the neighbor hood so far? so far: 迄今为止;到现在为止同义句:1. How is the neighborhood? 2. What do you think of the neighborhood?3. How do you feel about the neighborhood?23. Thanks for telling me. thanks(n):感谢 如:many thanks = Thank you very much.thanks for (doing) sth. = thank sb. for (doing) sth. 感谢某人做某事24.No problem. 1). 不客气;(回答感谢) 2)、没关系(回答道歉)3). 没问题(回答请求)25.---How far is it from your home to the school? ---- 10 minutes by bus. 乘车十分钟的路程。26.It’s always interesting to watch other people show their talents. 看其他人展示他们的才艺总是有趣的。watch/see/hear/feel/find/notice(注意) + sb. do sth. ( 经常或已发生)doing sth. ( 某次或正在发生)如:I often hear her sing. (经常) I saw her come into the classroom. (已发生)I saw them playing basketball yesterday. ( 某次或正在发生)27. 全世界: around the world = in the world = all over the world.28. All these shows have one thing in common. 所有的这些节目都有一个共同之处。 常见的;普通的 如:common knowledge 常识; common people 老百姓common 共同的;公共的 如: common habits. have sth. in common (with sb.): (与某人)在某方面有共同之处。In common with sb./sth : 与...一样: 29. The cinema is the closest to my home. 电影院离我家最近。(v):关闭;封闭 close the door/road. closed(adj):关闭的;不公开的 close (adj): 近的;接近的 He is close to success. 他快要成功了。亲密的;密切的 my close friend 我亲密的朋友。(adv): 接近;靠近 He sits close to the window. 他坐在窗户旁边。30.When people watch the show, they usually play a role in deciding the winner.当人们看节目的时候,他们通常扮演着决定获胜者的角色role play a role in ... 在...扮演角色/起作用 如:play an important role in the familyplay a role of ... 扮演...角色 如:play a role of a reporterplay ‘s role well 扮演...角色演得好 如:play Mulan’s role well31. The winner always gets a very good prize. 获胜者总能得到丰厚的奖励。prizerize 获得一等奖 win the first prize获得最佳演员奖 win the prize for the best actor奖项颁给…. The prize goes to Jim.32. Some think that the lives of the performers are made up.有些人认为表演者的身世是编造出来的。make up 伪造;编造 I made up a story as I went along. 我现场编了一个故事。(为)化妆;打扮 The performers are making themselves up.组成;构成 Girls make up 45% of the students.make up for : 弥补;补偿 如:You should do something to make up for your mistake.33. One great thing about them is that they give people a way to make their dreams come true.关于这类节目一个很好的事情是他们给人们提供了一个实现他们梦想的方式。1) give sb. a way to do sth : 给某人提供一个做... 的方式。2) come true: (梦想等)实现 Study hard, your dream will come true one day.talent 34. be talented in: 在….有天赋 She is talented in music. have a talent for (doing) sth. :有….的天赋 He has a talent for painting.poor 35. 贫穷的;可怜的 如: She is such a poor girl that she can’t buy a toy. 糟糕的;质量差的 如: I’m poor in English. He is in poor health.Unit5 Do you want to watch a game show?短语归纳think of认为 learn from从……获得;向……学习 find out查明;弄清楚 talk show谈话节目 game show游戏节目 soap opera肥皂剧 go on发生 watch a movie看电影 a pair of一双;一对 try one’s best尽某人最大努力 as famous as与……一样有名 have a discussion about就……讨论o one day有一天 such as例如 dress up打扮;梳理 take sb.’s place代替;替换 do a good job干得好 something enjoyable令人愉快的东西 interesting information有趣的资料one of……之一 look like看起来像 around the world全世界 a symbol of……的象征let sb. do sth.让某人做某事 plan to do sth.计划/打算做某事 hope to do sth.希望做某happen to do sth.碰巧做某事 expect to do sth.盼望做某事 be ready to do sth.乐于做某事 How about doing…?做……怎么样? try one’s best to do sth.尽力做某事语法讲解plan 5. (n)计划: make a plan to do sth.= plan to do sth. 制定计划做… make a plan for sth. 为…制定计划 如: make a plan for your trip. (v) 计划;打算:plan (to do) sth 如: plan (to have) a trip (planning; planned)stand 6. 站立:stand up 代表: stand for sth. Our flag stands for our country.容忍(否): can’t stand (doing) sth. 如: I can’t stand telling lies.7. --- What do you think of soap operas? --- I don’t mind them.1). 认为;以为:如: What do you think of sitcoms.think of 想起;记得:如: I can’t think of his name now. 考虑;关心:如: Lei Feng always thought of other people first.想一想; 想象:如: Think of the past, you’ll feel happier.think about: 考虑 如: He is thinking about going on vacation .think highly/lightly of sb. /sth.: 对…评价甚高/ 轻视 ; 看重/看轻如: Mr. Black thinks highly of his students.think out: 想出(= come up with= think up ) 如: think out a planthink over … : 仔细考虑….. 如: Let me think it over.think twice : 慎重考虑; 三思而后行 如: You’d better think twice about going there alonemind 2). (n) 头脑;想法;心思 如: Out of sight, out of mind 眼不见,心不烦 (v)注意;留心: 如: Mind your head! 当心别碰头!Mind your own business! 别管闲事介意;反对(否,疑问,条状)如: Would you mind opening the window?keep... in mind: 记住..。 make up one’s mind to do sth. 下定决心做…..change one’s mind:改变想法 be of /in two minds:犹豫不决 out of one’s mind: 失去理智to my mind:依我看 Would /Do you mind (doing) sth.? 你介意。。。吗?never mind: 没关系(回答道歉: sorry); 别担心(用于安慰对方: I broke the cup.)8. I hope to find out what’s going on around the world.hope (n)希望:如: He never gave up his hope.1. (v)希望: …hope to do sth. ; …hope +that从句.I hope so. 我希望如此。 I hope not. 我不希望如此。wish 2. 但愿(虚拟): …wish +that从句. 如: I wish that I were a bird.希望: …wish(sb.) to do sth. 如: Do you really wish me to go?祝愿:wish +sb.+ adj./n. 如: wish you success; wish you a happy New Year.find 找到;发现 如: I found a wallet lying on the ground. 我发现一只钱包掉在地上3. 认为;发觉 如: I found it necessary to take exercise.find out :查明;弄清楚 如: You’d better find out who broke the window.look for :寻找 如: They looked for it everywhere, but they didn’t find itgo on 4. 发生(happen):What’s going on here? 进展:How did you go on in your study? 你的学习进展得怎么样? 继续 同一件事:go on doing sth. = go on with sth. it will go on raining all day.另一件事: go on to do sth. 如: Stop reading. Let’s go on to answer the question.9.We had a discussion about TV shows. 我们讨论了电视节目。 discussion(n); discuss(v)have a discussion about sth. = discuss (about) sth. 讨论……with sb. = discuss with sb. 与…… 讨论10. I like to follow the story and see what happens next. 我喜欢跟着故事的发展看看接下来发生什么。follow 跟随: 如: I followed her up the steps. 我跟着她上了楼梯 遵循;服从(命令;规则等) 如:Follow my advice.沿着…前进: 如: Follow the road to the bridge.理解;听清楚(sb) 如: You speak too fast for me to follow.happen 2). 发生(go on):What happened to you?= What’s wrong with you? 巧遇/偶然做...:I happened to be out when you called . 你给我打电话时我正好不在家。11.You can expect to learn a lot/ much from sitcoms. 你能期望从情景喜剧中学到很多。expect 1). 期望;盼望:expect sth/that+从句: I expect the result.expect (sb. )to do sth. I expect (you) to win the game.预料;认为:I expect that he will come soon.I expect so: 我认为如此 I expect not.= I don’t expect so. 我不认为如此learn… from :从
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