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全最新汇总版大学英语综合教学教材4课后习题.答案内容.doc

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-_全新版大学英语综合教程4课后习题答案Unit 1I. Vocabulary1.1) alliance 2) at the cost of 3) stroke 4) limp 5) minus 6) regions 7) declarations 8) siege 9) raw 10) bide his time 11) have taken their toll 12) in the case of2.1) is faced with 2) get bogged down3) is pressing on / pressed on 4) drag on5) get by 6) dine out7) have cut back 8) get through3.1) The rapid advance in gene therapy may lead to the conquest of cancer in the near future.2) Production in many factories has been brought to a halt by the delayed arrival of raw materials due to the dock workers’ strike.3) Sara has made up her mind that her leisure interests will/should never get in the way of her career.4) Obviously the reporter's question caught the foreign minister off guard.5) The introduction of the electronic calculator has rendered the slide rule out of date.4.1) Being faced with an enemy forces much superior to ours, we had to give up the occupation of big cities and retreat to the rural and mountainous regions to build up our bases.2) Unity is crucial to the efficient operation of an organization. Failure to reckon with this problem will weaken its strength. In many cases, work may be brought to a halt by constant internal struggle in an organization.3) The Red Army fought a heroic battle at Stalingrad and won the decisive victory against the Germans.In fact, this battle turned the tide in the Second World War. During this famous battle, the Soviet troops withstood the German siege and weakened the German army by launching a series of counterattacks.II. More Synonyms in Context1)During the First World War, battles occurred here and there over vast areas. Some of themost dramatic fighting took place in the gloomy trenches of France and Belgium.2)Elizabeth made careful preparations for the interview and her efforts / homework paid off.3) I spent hours trying to talk him into accepting the settlement, but he turned a deaf ear to all mywords.4) Pneumonia had severely weakened her body, and I wondered how her fragile body could withstand the harsh weather.III. Usage1) But often it is not until we fall ill that we finally learn to appreciate good health.2) A rich old lady lay dead at home for two weeks—and nobody knew anything about it.3) It's said he dropped dead from a heart attack when he was at work.4) Don't sit too close to the fire to keep warm—you could easily get burned, especially if you fall asleep.5) In those days people believed in marrying young and having children early.6) Little Tom was unable to sit still for longer than a few minutes.Structure1.1) To his great delight, Dr. Deng discovered two genes in wild rice that can increase the yield by30 percent.2) To her great relief, her daughter had left the building before it collapsed.3) To our disappointment, our women's team lost out to the North Koreans.4) We think, much to our regret, that we will not be able to visit you during the coming Christmas.2.1) These birds nest in the vast swamps (which lie to the) east of the Nile.2) By 1948, the People's Liberation Army had gained control of the vast areas north of the Yangtze River.3) Michelle was born in a small village in the north of France, but came to live in the UnitedStates at the age of four. 4) The Columbia River rises in western Canada and continues/runs through the United States forabout 1,900 kilometers west of the Rocky Mountains.Comprehensive ExercisesI. Cloze2.stand in the way4.catching... off his guard6.declaration8.drag on10.bringing...to a halt(A)1. invasion3. Conquest5. launching7. campaign9. reckon with (B)1. allow2..reckoned3. highly4.forecasts5. rapidly6.instant7. delivery8.advantage9. observing10.Powerful II. Translation1) Mr. Doherty and his family are currently engaged in getting the autumn harvest in on the farm.2) We must not underestimate the enemy. They are equipped with the most sophisticated weapons.3) Having been cut of a job/Not having had a job for 3months, Phil is getting increasingly desperate.4) Sam, as the project manager, is decisive, efficient, and accurate in his judgment.5) Since the chemical plant was identified as the source of solution, the village neighborhood committee decided to close it down at the cost of 100 jobs. The offensive had already lasted three days, but we had not gained much ground. Our troops engaging the enemy at the front were faced with strong/fierce/stiff resistance. The division commander instructed our battalion to get around to the rear of the enemy and launch a surprise attack. To do so, however, we had to cross a marshland and many of us were afraid we might get bogged down in the mud. Our battalion commander decided to take a gamble. We started under cover of darkness and pressed on in spite of great difficulties. By a stroke of luck, the temperature at night suddenly dropped to minus 20 degrees Celsius and the marsh froze over. Thanks to the cold weather, we arrived at our destination before dawn and began attacking the enemy from the rear. This turned the tide of the battle. The enemy, caught off guard, soon surrendered.Unit 2I. Vocabulary1.1.expansion 2. automated 3. vapor 4. take control of5. hazards 6. satellite 7.vibrated 8.magnetic 9. bunched 10. in the air 11. got stuck in 12.approximately2.1. send out 2. stand up for 3. pass for 4. were closing in on 5. starting up 6. went through 7. fill out 8. fall into3.1) the application, remote, has turned into a reality, are poised to2) that vibrate, can detect, frequency3) lanes, are mounted in, alert a, hazardII. Word formationKilogramMedical careMemorandumElectronic mailGymnasiumCommunications satelliteLiberationNews broadcastDoctorSky hijackVeterinarianEuropean dollarPreparatoryBreakfast and lunchAutomobileTelevision broadcastinfluenzaOxford and CambridgeIII. Usage1) swimming pool2 ) drawing board3 ) enriched Middle English4 ) disturbing change5 ) fully developed prototype6 ) Canned foods7 ) working population8 ) puzzling differencesComprehensive ExercisesI. Cloze1) computerized 2) start up 3) be poised to 4) alert 5) hazards 6) monotonous 7) take control of 8) steer 9) lane 10) decrease 11) calculate 12) eliminate13) getting stuck in 14) mounted 15) detect 16) vapor1) generates 2) related 3) revolutionized 4) enabled 5) opportunities 6) overall 7)manufacturing 8) dependent 9) interact 10) fatalitiesII. Translation1) There was an unusual quietness in the air, except for the sound of artillery in the distance.2) The expansion of urban areas in some African countries has been causing a significant fall in living standards and an increase in social problems.3) The research shows that atmospheric carbon dioxide levels are closely correlated with global temperatures.4) The frequency of the bus service has been improved from 15 to 12 minute recently.5) The diver stood on the edge of the diving board, poised to jump at the signal from the coach. Automobiles have, since their invention, revolutionized transportation, changing forever the way people live, travel, and do business. On the other hand, they have brought hazards, especially highway fatalities. However, today the application of computer technology and electronic sensors in designing and manufacturing cars makes it possible to eliminate most of traffic accidents. For example, electronic sensors mounted in your car can detect alcohol vapor in the air and refuse to start up the engine. They can also monitor road conditions by receiving radio signals sent out from orbiting satellites and greatly reduce your chances of getting stuck in traffic jams. Unit 3I. Vocabulary1) rude 2) physically 3) structure 4) made a difference 5) blurted (out) 6) chuckling 7) Measurable 8) prospective9) preparations 10) Sparkled 11) took a crack at 12) partner1) go after 2) look back at/on 3) be put up 4) stood for 5) build in 6) follow up 7) be hooked up to 8) closed up1) grilled her about where she had been all night2) beyond Cinderella’s wildest dreams that she could one day dance in the King’s palace3) will be in readers' hands soon4) do your homework before going on an interview.5) was in the neighborhood of 150 dollars.1)applicants, veteran, the prospective2)From his standpoint, has made every endeavor to goafter3) as the saying goes, to have a crack at, barely1. Behave 2. used to avoid repetition 3. clean4. get along 5. perform/complete 6. perform/complete7. Study 8. be enough 9. be acceptableStructure1. There is so much to say and it is hard to know where to begin.OK,I’ll talk about myself first.2. Thank you very much, John, for your beautiful Christmas card. By the way, I have something here for you.3. The new computer language can be quite easily understood by anyone who can read the daily newspaper.Now, why is this an advantage?4. I’m going to work out the outline and will let you know how it goes.By the way, I will see you in February, as I plan to attend your seminar in Shanghai.5. OK, you got the job.Now, how to maximize your profits with as little effort as possible?6. Chris is back from Australia.Incidentally, those pictures you sent me are wonderful.Comprehensive ExercisesI. Cloze(1) Prospective (2)As I see it(3) done your homework (4) beforehand(5) Endeavor (6) structure (7) Partners (8) Respond (9) take a crack (10) from the standpoint(11) make a difference (12) follow up(1) encouraging(2) inquiry(3) relevant (4) samples(5) references (6) advice(7) preparing (8) seriously(9) probably (10) exhibitII. Translation1) Despite thein adequate length of the airstrip in this emergency landing, the veteran pilot managed to stop the plane after taxiing for only a short while.2)Grilled by the reporters, the movie star eventually blurted(out) that she had undergone two plastic surgeries.3) We have the technology and our partner has the capital.Working together, we’ll have the future in our hands.4) If I had known beforehand that you would bring so many friends home, I would have made better preparations. You see, I have barely enough food and drinks for a snack.5) People gave generously upon learning that new schoolrooms with stronger structures were to be built in the earthquake-stricken area. Well begun, half done,as the saying goes. It is extremely important for a job applicant to do his homework while seeking employment.From my standpoint, whether or not one has done his homework clearly makes a difference in his chance of success. I have a friend who is earning somewhere in the neighborhood of100,000 dollars a years in a large computer software company. He told me that from his own experience the decision makers who interview prospective employees like people who are well prepared. Those who make no endeavor to learn as much about his prospective employer as possible don’t have much of a chance of success.Unit 4I. Vocabulary1) advantageous 2) let alone3) witnessing/vanishing 4) landmark5) entitled 6) displace7) Establishment 8) patriotic/strengthen9) contradictions 10) aspires11) divorced 12) pendulums1) come to 2) dozed off3) believed in 4) was set apart5) take in 6) sucks in7) clean up 8) turn away1) For me, it makes no/little difference whether we go there by train or by bus.2) Toyata has overtaken General Motors as the world’s biggest car maker.3) Shortly after their marriage, Mr. Chambers was at odds with his wife over money matters. 4) Henry has been at the forefront of nanotechnology research. 5) She doesn’t even know how to boil potatoes, let alone cook a meal. a) is increasingly/to accelerate/their investmentb) economy/make an earnest/domestic/strike a balance betweenc) a handful of/be endorsed by/on a large scaleII. Word formationWTOWorld Trade Organization 世界贸易组织GDPGross domestic product国内生产总值ATMAutomated teller machine自动出纳机VATValue-added tax增值税CADComputer-aided design计算机辅助设计ITInformation technology信息技术IDDInternational direct dialing国际直拨电话MTVMusic television音乐电视RadarRadio detecting and ranging雷达IOCInternational Olympic Committee国际奥委会VIPVery important person贵宾,大人物LaserLight amplification by stimulated emission of radiation激光CPUCentral processing unit中央处理器III. Usage1) An unusual present, a book on ethics, was given to Henry for his birthday.2) The reason(he gave) that he didn’t notice the car till too late was unsatisfactory.3) Football, his only interest in life, has brought him many friends.4) Cloning had been raised as a possibility decades ago, then dismissed, something that serious scientists thought was simply not going to happen anytime soon.Comprehensive ExercisesI. Cloze(A)1. academics 2.networking 3.a variety of 4.growth5. vanish 6.facilitate7. endorsing 8.outlook9. sweeping aside 10.patriotic 11. erasing 12.strike a balance(B)1. aided2.effects3.distances4. connected5. invested6. features7. prevailing8. qualitatively9. volume10. DistinguishingII. Translation1) Due to his pessimistic outlook on the European economy, John has moved his assets from Europe to elsewhere.2) I like hiring young people. They are earnest learners and committed to work.3) Unlike her girl friends who center their lives on their children, Mary cares more about her personal growth.4) Why is it that a considerable number of colleagues are at odds with you?5) The Chinese government has introduced a variety of policies to strengthen cooperation with developing countries. Globalization has great implications for young Chinese. For example, young farmers are moving on a large scale to urban areas to look for jobs. And for those young people who aspire to study abroad or work in foreign-invested enterprises, English has become increasingly important. At the same time, a considerable number of overseas Chinese students have returned home in recent years, for they hold an optimistic outlook for the long-term growth of the Chinese economy. The internet has strengthened the links between Chinese young people and those elsewhere. They follow the latest trend and copy foreign fashions. Some of them don’t seem to care for traditional Chinese virtues, let alone carry them forward, which has given rise to worries that the traditional Chinese culture might one day vanish.Unit 5I. Vocabulary1) In a way 2) in accordance 3) vacancy 4) in good condition 5) transparent 6) rub 7) spicy 8) hitherto9) with (a) bad grace 10) instinct 11) pawned 12) current1) turned up 2) will stick to 3) brought back 4)go about5) driving at 6) put away 7) over 8) took aback1) has a very weak constitution --- she may not be able to survive the operation.2) was taken aback by the insurance company’s rejection of my compensation claim3) was something of a surprise when we ran into each other in a place like that.4) needs trimming/ to be trimmed ---it’s getting too long.5) are often deceptive1) Oddly enough /went broke /wrinkled / he had gone all to pieces2) definite / is capable of /her vanity3) too mild / sipping / strokeII. Usage1. Except for 2. except that 3. except 4. except when5. except to 6. except what 7. except where 8. except thatIII. vocabularyspellingAmEBrEAmEBrEapartment flat favorablefavourablecantinparalyzeparalysecandysweetslaborlabourelevatorliftmetermetrefacultystaff (of a university)catalogcataloguefirst floorground floorlevelinglevellinggas, gasolinepetroltheatertheatremail postdefensedefencerailroadrailwayplowploughpantstrousersprogram programmesubwaytube, undergroundpractice (v.)practisecornmaizecharacterizecharacterisestoreshoptiretyre (on a car)Comprehensive ExercisesI. Cloze1. insane 2. current 3. candid 4. capable 5. was taken aback 6. in good condition 7. constitution 8. go all to pieces 9. gone broke 10. vacancy 11. mild 12. deceptive1. suspected 2. pleading 3. confirmed 4. stunned 5. lucrative6. jewellery 7. wealthy 8. urge 9. spell 10. ArrestedII. Translation1)  I have an instinct that Henry will seek to join the expedition, because he is something of an adventurer.2)  He is capable of sticking to the task at hand, even if he is exposed to noises.3)  The trademark was registered in accordance with the laws hitherto in force.4) Oddly enough, many people volunteered to help organize the meeting, but only a few turned up.5) The teacher’s affectionate words, along with his candid comments, changed the way Mike perceived the society and himself. For my own part, I find that appearances are all too often deceptive. For instance, you might be wrong if you judged by appearances only people like Edward Hyde Burton. In appearance, he seemed a man all of a piece. He was a tiny little fellow with white hair and mild blue eyes, gentle and candid. Nevertheless, he turned out to be very cruel. He insulted and fooled Lenny who was down and out and made him commit himself to an insane venture. What was still more surprising was that he was completely indifferent to Lenny’s death. Without doubt, Burton was a man with a heart of stone.Unit 6I. Vocabulary1) appliances 2) comparative 3) multiply   4) distribution 5) prosperity  6) decorate    7) famine  8) large quantities of/ a large quantity of 9) streamline 10) fax    11) pointed the way to 12) bewildered1) eat into 2) cling to3) stand out/ stood out 4) wears away5) set about 6) switch off7) will be turned loose 8) poured in1)is forecast to be below average next year, which at the moment is 4 percent.2)to enter the building and find the baby girl proved futile as rescuers were driven out by the heat and flames.3)was urged to divert some of its attention from expanding production and get more involved with issues of market demand.4)can really eat heavily into your profits when you are selling suits at £900 and dresses at £2,000.5)has toiled endlessly over the exercise machine for the last twenty years in order to keep her body in shape.reaction to; discontent; provokedConvention; evading tax; the confines ofa burden; are always on the go/ seem forever on the go; to copeII. Confusable Words1. 1) nervousness 2) tension 3) stress; stress 4) tension2. 1) honorary 2) Honorable 3) honorable 4) honorary 5) honorable 6) HonoraryIII. Usage1)Dealing with the extinction crisis is no simple matter. Is it sensible, we may ask, to spend large sums of money to save some species – be it an elephant or an orchid – in a nation in which a large proportion of the population is living below the poverty line?2)This new technology could be used anywhere large numbers of people need to be quickly screened --- at airports, train stations, bus terminals or border crossings. However, experts suspect, there is also the risk that people will learn to fool the machine the same way they try to fool polygraph readings by controlling their breath or taking drugs to relax themselves.3)With a high percentage of marriages ending in divorce, often due to financial difficulties, you would say that money is a big factor in making a good marriage. But, believe it or not, it isn’t money that ensures you a happy marriage; it is your philosophy of life that does.4)Not all the risks on the Internet are sexual, you know. Sites promoting violence are just a click away, and may include instructions for making bombs and other destructive devices.Comprehensive ExercisesI. Cloze1) switch off  2) obliged    3) on the go   4) cope5) shortage   6) large quantity of 7) pouring in 8) by nature 9) fraction 10) futile1) advantage 2) wisely 3)faithfully 4)waking5)includes  6) schedule 7) sticking 8)priorities9) set    10) respectII. Translation1)They are exploring the new frontiers of medical science in an attempt to find remedies for incurable diseases/ cures for diseases that are beyond remedy so far.2)Her unique teaching methods apart, Ms Wilson, my math teacher, never tried to cram knowledge into my head.3)The regular weather forecast by the Central TV Station keeps us up with the changes of weather wherever we go on a trip.4)The appalling explosion started a big fire and caused the partial collapse of the building.5)In the modern world, there are more ways than ever to waste away time, and all kinds of distractions are eating into our precious time. Today we are under constant pressure to work longer hours, to produce more, and to possess more. Lots of people hold the wrong perception that happiness lies in working hard and earning well/ good money. Many women today feel the same stress to work and get ahead and, at the same time, to nurture their offspring and shoulder the burden of domestic responsibilities.Research shows that workaholism tends to distance us from our immediate families. It forces us to toil longer and longer hours, leaving a minute fraction of our time to be physically and emotionally available to our loved ones. Intimacy among family members is doomed to die in the process.Unit 7I. Vocabulary 1. divined 2. nerves   3. solidarity  4. sacred; mourn5. Coated    6. perish   7. hijack  8. grief        9. farewell  10. take revenge on 11. revolves  12. denounced 1. drop… off2. applied for3. went off4. are gaining on 5. bring down6. blotted out7. think back on8. picking at1. brought down the American housing market in 20082. what will happen after his son steps into his shoes?3. not in the mood to go out4. long before the market began to show signs of weakness5. mourn the loss of the tranquil life we had in the countryside1. in the aftermath of; to blot our; the tragic2. armed; at dust; accomplices; explosives3. in the space of; no illusionII. Collocation1. a little of 2. a few; most of // many of3. much4. few5. many6. many of7. much of8. little9. few of10. Some III. UsageAs the boy grew oldershe sings as beautifully as a nightingale // sings like a nightingalethey don’t see themselves as servants of the peopleAs she had left her key in the officeJust do as you are toldAreas once regarded as ruralas they do in ChinaAs he was brave and loyal as wellComprehensive ExercisesI. Cloze 1. mood2. tragic3. in the (immediate) aftermath of4. chaos 5. toppling6. solidarity7. take revenge on8. thinking back on9. mourning10. perished1. crashed2. horrible3. harsh4. protect5. remove6. utterly7. truly8. justify9. rewarded10. devastatingII. Translation1)  Some high-ranking officers of the armed forces started a coup, toppling the government and throwing the country into chaos.2)  The falling market shattered the illusion about getting rich quickly3)  Thinking back on the history of World War II, we can see that the formation of the Allies was the natural product of the development of political and military circumstances then.4)  Paul felt stung when Jim called him a religious fanatic. But as he was in no mood for q quarrel not in a quarreling mood, he simply pretended not to hear it.5) People say that time heals all wounds. But for those who have lost their loved ones in the event, will time fill up the void in their hearts? Today, long after the earthquake shook // hit my tome-town, I can still recall, in crystal detail, what I saw as I ran out of my home with my parents. The building just across the street toppled right before our eyes, debris flew ever
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