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人教版.八年级.上册英语期末预习复习计划提纲.doc

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人教版 年级 上册 英语 期末 预习 复习计划 提纲
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#*初中英语八年级上册复习要点Unit 1 Where did you go on vacation?重点短语:(1)go on vacation 去度假(2)stay at home 呆在家(3)go to the mountains 去爬山(4)go to the beach 去沙滩(5)visit museums 参观博物馆(6)go to summer camp 夏令营(7)quite a few 相当多,不少(8)study for…… 为…而学习(9)go out 出去(10)most of the time大多数时间(11)taste good 尝起来不错(12)have a good time过得愉快(13)feel like 感受到(14)go shopping 去买东西(15)in the past 在过去(16)walk around…..四处走走(17)too many 太多(18)because of+短语 因为(19)one bowl of 一碗。。。(20)find out 查明,弄清(21)take photos 照相(22)something important 重要的事情(23)up and down 上上下下(24)come up 上来,出现(25)of course 当然(26)come down 下来重点语法:(1)Where did you go on vacation? I went to New York City.(2)Did you go out with anyone? No, No one was here. Everyone was on vacation.(3)Did you buy anything special? Yes, I bought something for my father.(4)How was the food?   Everything tasted really good.(5)Did everyone have a good time? Oh,yes. Everything was excellent.习惯用法:(1)buy sth for sb./ buy sb. sth 为某人买某物(2)taste + adj.   尝起来……(3)nothing ….but + V.(原形) 除了…之外什么都没有(4)seem + (to be) + adj  看起来(5). arrive in + 大地方 arrive at + 小地方 到达某地(6) decide to do sth.  决定做某事(7). try doing sth.   尝试做某事 (8)try to do sth.   尽力做某事 (9)try one`s best to do sth尽力做某事(10)enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事(11)want to do sth.  想去做某事(12)start doing sth. 开始做某事(13)stop doing sth. 停止做某事 stop to do sth 停下来做某事(14)look + adj 看起来(15)dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事(16)Why not do sth. 为什么不做…….呢?(17)so + adj + that + 从句 如此…以至于(18)tell sb. (not) to do sth. 告诉某人(不要)做某事(19) keep doing sth. 继续做某事(20).forget to do sth. 忘记去做某事(未做) forget doing sth忘记做过某事(已做)词语辨析:anywhere 与 somewhere 两者都是不定副词。anywhere 在任何地方 , 常用于否定句和疑问句中。I can’t find it anywhere.somewhere 在某处,到某处,常用于肯定句。 I lost my key somewhere near here. seem + 形容词 看起来…..You seem happy today.seem + to do sth. 似乎、好像做某事 I seems / seemed + that来好像…;似乎….seem like ….好像,似乎…..It seems like a god idea. decide to do sth.决定做某事 They decide to visit the museum.decide + 疑问词 + 动词不定式 He can not decide when to leave. start doing sth = start to do sth. 开始,可与begin 互换 。 He started doing his homework. over 介词,多于,超过,在…以上(表示数目、程度)= more thanMy father is over 40 years old. too many 太多,后接可数名词复数: Mother bought too many eggs yesterday.too much 太多,修饰不可数名词,修饰动词作状语。 We have too much work to do. Don’t talk too much. because of 因为,由于,后接名词、代词或动名词,不能接句子。He can’t take a walk because of the rain.because 连词,因为,引导状语从句,表示直接明确的原因。I don’t buy it because it was too expensive. too,…to 太….以至于不能…. Mother is too tired to go to school. have fun doing sth 享受做某事的乐趣Unit 2  How often do you exercise?短语:(1) help sb with sth 帮助某人做某事(2)go shopping去买东西(3)on weekends 在周末(4)how often 多少次(5)hardly ever 几乎从不(6)once a week 一星期一次(7)twice a month一个月两次(8)go to the movies 去看电影(9)every day 每天(10)use the Internet上网(11)be free=be not busy=have time 有空(12)have dance and piano lessons上舞蹈和钢琴课(13)swing dance 摇摆舞(14)play tennis 打网球(15)stay up late 熬夜到很晚(16)go to sleep 睡觉(17)go to bed 上床睡觉(18)at least 至少,不少于(19)go to bed early 上床睡觉早(20)play sports 做运动(21)be good for 对….有好处(22)be good at doing sth 擅长做某事(23)go camping 去野营(24)in one’s free time 在某人的业余时间(25)the most popular 最受欢迎(26)such as 例如….像….这样(27)go to the dentist看牙科医生       (28)more than 多于(29)old habits die hard 旧习难改(30)less than  少于(31)junk food 垃圾食品  (32)take care of sb 照料某人(33)look after sb 照顾某人(34)have to do sth必须做某事(35)get in…进入…(36)be late for 迟到语法要点:(1)What do you usually do on weekends? I always exercise.(2)What do they do on weekends? They often help my mother with housework.(3)What does she do on weekends? She sometimes goes shopping.(4)How often do you go to the movies? I go to the movies maybe once a month.(5)How often does he watch TV? He hardly ever watches TV.(6)Do you go shopping? No, I never go shopping.习惯用法:1. help sb. with sth=have sb do sth帮助某人做某事2. How about doing…? ….怎么样?/ ….好不好?3. want sb. to do sth. 想让某人做某事4. How many + 可数名词复数+ 一般疑问句 5. 主语+ find+ that 从句 发现…6. It’s + adj.+ to do sth. 做某事是….的7. spend time with sb. 和某人一起度过时光8. ask sb. about sth. 向某人询问某事9. by doing sth. 通过做某事10. What’s your favorite…..?你最喜欢的…是什么?11 start doing sth. 开始做某事12. the best way to do sth. 做某事的最好方式13.full of 满的14.what about doing sth ?  做某事怎么样?15.not….at all 一点儿也不 I don`t like it at all. 我一点儿也不喜欢它。词语辨析:1. free 空闲的,有空的, 反义词为 busy. be free 有空,闲着,相当于 have time.I’ll be free next week. = I’ll have time next week. 2. How come? 怎么会? 怎么回事?表示某件事情很奇怪,有点想不通;可单独使用,也可引导一个问句, 相当于疑问句 why, 但 how come 开头的特殊疑问句使用的仍然是陈述语序。How come Tom didn’t come to the party? = Why didn’t Tom come to the party?3. stay up late 指“熬夜到很晚,迟睡”。 Don’t stay up late next time. stay up 指“熬夜,不睡觉”。 He stayed up all night to write his story.4. go to bed 强调“上床睡觉”的动作及过程,但人不一定睡着。I went to bed at eleven last night.go to sleep 强调“入睡,睡着,进入梦乡”。 She was so tired that she went to sleep soon.5. find + 宾语 +名词, 发现 : We have found him (to be) a good boy.find + 宾语 + 形容词, 发现: He found the room dirty.find + 宾语 + 现在分词, 发现 : I found her standing at the door.6. percent 百分数, 基数词 + percent: percent 没有复数形式,作主语时,根据所修饰的名词来判断谓语的单复数。 Forty percent of the students in our class are girls. Thirty percent of time passed.7. more than 超过,多于,不仅仅, 相当于 over. 在句型转换中考查两者的同义替换。反义词组为:less than. I lived in Shanghai for more than / over ten years.8. afraid 形容词, 担心的,害怕的,在句中作表语,不用在名词前作定语。I’m afraid we can’t come here on time. be afraid of sb / sth 害怕某人 / 某事; be afraid of doing sth. 害怕做某事。Some children are afraid of the dark. Don’t be afraid of asking question.I’m afraid + 从句, 恐怕, 担心: I’m afraid I have to go now.9. sometimes , sometime, some times , some time 的区别:sometimes 频度副词, 有时。Sometimes I get up very early. sometime 副词,某个时候。I will go to Shanghai sometime next week. some times 名词词组, 几次,几倍。其中time 是可数名词,对它提问用how many times.I have read the story some times. -------How many times have you read the story?some time 名词短语, 一段时间. 表示“一段时间”时 I ‘ll stay here for some time. 10.how often 多久一次,用来提问动作发生的频率。回答用:once,twice, three times 等词语。How often do you play sports? Three times a week.how long 多长,用来询问多长时间,也可询问某物有多长。How long does it take to get to Shanghai from here? How long is the ruler?how far 多远, 用来询问距离,指路程的远近。 How far is it from here to the park? It’s about 2 kilometers.Unit 3 I’m more outgoing than my sister短语归纳与用法:(1)more outgoing更外向     15)as…as…与……一样…… (2)the singing competition唱歌比赛 (16)be similar to与……相像的/类似的 (3)the same as和……相同;与……一致 (17)be different from与……不同(4)care about关心;介意      (18)be like a mirror像一面镜子 (5)the most important最重要的    (19)as long as只要;既然 (6)bring out使显现;使表现出 (20)get better grades取得更好的成绩(7)reach for伸手取     (21)in fact事实上;实际上 (8)make friends交朋友     (22)the other其他的(9)touch one’s heart感动某人   (23)be talented in music有音乐天赋(10)be good at擅长……    (24)be good with善于与……相处(11)have fun doing sth.享受做某事的乐趣 (25)be good at doing sth擅长做某事 (12)make sb. do sth.让某人做某事     (26)want to do sth.想要做某事 (13)as+adj./adv.的原级+as 与……一样…… (14)It’s+ adj.+for sb. to do sth. 语法知识:(1)Is Tom smarter than Sam? No,he isn’t. Sam is smarter than Tom.(2)Is Tara more outgoing than Tina? No, she isn’t. Tina is more outgoing than Tara.(3)Are you as friendly as your sister? No, I’m not. I’m friendlier.(4)Does Tara work as hard as Tina? Yes, she does.(5)Who’s more hardworking at school? Tina thinks she works harder than me.词语辨析:(1)laugh v. & n. 笑He laughs best who laughs last. 谁笑在最后,谁笑得最好。/不要高兴得太早。(与at连用)嘲笑Don’t laugh at him. 别嘲笑他。名词:笑;笑声 We had a good laugh at his joke. 我们被他的笑话逗得哈哈大笑。(2)though conj. 虽然;纵然;即使;尽管 = althoughThough it was raining,he went there. 虽然当时正下着雨,他还是到那里去了。注意:在though引导的从句后不使用but。如:though adv.. 不过,然而,常用于句末,用逗号隔开。Jim said that he would come, he didn’t , though. Unit 4 What’s the best movie theater重点句型:1. It has the biggest screens.2. The DJs choose songs the most carefuly.3. How do you like it so far? 到目前为止,你认为它怎么样?4. Thanks forget telling me.5. Can I ask you some questions?重点短语:(1)movie theater电影院 (2)be close to…离……近 (3)clothes store服装店 (4)in town在镇上 (5)so far到目前为止 (6)10 minutes by bus坐公共汽车10分钟路程 (7)talent show才艺表演 (8)have….in common 有相同特征(想法、兴趣方面)相同 (9)around the world世界各地;全世界  (10)more and more……越来越……(11)and so on等等 (12)all kinds of……各种各样的 (13)be up to由……决定(14)not everybody 并不是每个人(15)make up编造(故事、谎言等) (16)play a role in…在……方面发挥作用/有影响(17)play a role in doing sth. 发挥做某事的作用(18)no problem 没什么,别客气 (19)for example例如 (20) take…seriously认真对待 (21)give sb. sth.给某人某物(22)come true(梦想、希望)实现;达到(23)Thanks for doing sth.因做某事而感谢。(24)much+ adj./adv.的比较级 …得多(25)watch sb. do sth.观看某人做某事(26)one of+可数名词的复数 ……之一(27)Can I ask you some…?我能问你一些…吗?(28)How do you like…? (29)What do you think of…?你认为…怎么样?(30)how much…….?多少钱?(31)How far……?多远?(32)How many……?多少?(33)How long…..?多长?Unite 5  Do you want to a game show?重要短语:(1)find out 查明,弄清 (2) be ready to do 准备好做某事 (3)dress up 装扮,乔装打扮 (4)take sb`s place代替,替换 (5)do a good job 干得好  (6) think of +名词或动词短语  认为….(7)game shows游戏节目 (8)learn from向…学习从…..获得(9)talk shows 脱口秀     (10)soap opera 肥皂剧(11)go on 发生 (12) watch a movie  观看一场电影(13)one of the main reasons 最主要的原因之一(14)watch a sitcom 观看一部情景喜剧(15)action movies 动作电影 (16) come out 出版,发行(17)try one’s best 尽力,竭尽全力   (18)a pair of一双,一对…(19)as famous as一样著名   (20)look like 看起来像(21)around the world 世界各地  (22)have a discussion about…就…….讨论(23)one day有一天       (24)such as比如(25)a symbol of …..的象征 (26)something enjoyable令人愉快的东西(27)interesting information 有趣的资料 (28)happen to do sth.  碰巧做某事 (29)expect to do sth.盼望做某事   (30)TV shows 电视节目重要句型:(1)What do you think of talk shows? I don’t mind them.(2)I hope to be a TV reporter one day. How about you?常用法:(1) let sb do sth. 让某人做某事 (2) plan to do sth. 计划做某事(3) hope to do sth. 希望做某事 (4) mind doing sth 介意做某事(5) expect to do sth. 期待做某事(6) How(what) about doing…做某事怎么样?(7) be always ready to do sth. 总是准备做某事 (8) try one’s best to do sth. 尽力做某事 (9)  become +adj 变得…..(10) not so …..as 不像…那样….;不如…..这么… (11) thank you for doing sth 谢谢你做某事Thank you for sth 谢谢你的……(12) love doing sth 喜爱做某事语词辨析: 1.the other, the others, other, others, another the other 表示特指两个或者两部份中的另一个或另一部分,常用one …the other…。例:He has two apples, one is red, the other is green.There are forty students in our class. twenty-one are girls, the other nineteen are boys.the others 特指某一范围内的其他的(人或物),是the other的复数形式,相当于the other+复数名词。the other + 复数名词 = any other + 名词单数。例:You two stay here, the others go with me. other 作代词或形容词,可修饰可数名词单数或复数。We learn Chinese, Maths, English and other subjects.others 作代词,泛指“其他的人或物”。 例:Some students are doing homework, others are talking loudly.another 泛指同类事物中的三者或三者以上的“另一个”,只能代替或修饰单数可数名词。例:I don’t like this one. Please show me another one. 2.find out 查明,弄清楚,find 找到 Please find out when Mrs Green will go to Beijing.3. go on 发生,与 take place 同义I wonder what was going on. 4.happen v.发生,一般指偶然发生,主语为事,不能为人。Sth + happens to sb. Sth + happens + 地点/时间:某地/某时发生了某事Happen v,表示“碰巧”,主语可以是人,后常跟动词不定式to,表示“碰巧……”.Sb + happens to do sth.I happened to see my uncle on the street.* take place 意为“发生,举行,举办”,一般指非偶然性事件的“发生”,即这种事件的发生一定有某种原因或事先的安排。例:Great changes have taken place in China.The meeting will take place next Friday.5.expect v. 期待,盼望,预期,后常接四种结构:1)expect + 名词/代词,期待某事/某人,预计……可能发生。I’m expecting Li Lin’s letter.2)expect to do sth. 预计做某事Lily expects to come back next week.3)expect sb. to do sth.I expect my mother to come back early.4)expect + 从句 预计……I expected that I’ll come back next Monday.6. serious a. 严肃的,认真的。 He is a serious man.be serious about sb/sth. 对某人/某事当真be serious about doing sth. 对某事当真 Unit 6 I’m going to study computer science短语:1. grow up成长;长大 2. every day每天 3. be sure about对……有把握 4. make sure确信;务必 5. want to do sth.想要做某事6. send…to…把……送到…… 7. be able to能 8. the meaning of……的意思 9. different kinds of不同种类的 10. agree to do sth.同意做某事11. write down写下;记下 12. have to do with关于;与……有关系 13. take up开始做;学着做 14. hardly ever几乎不;很少 15. help sb. to do sth.帮助某人做某事16. too…to…太……而不能……17. love to do sth.喜爱做某事 18. be going to+动词原形 打算做某事 19. practice doing练习做某事 20. keep on doing sth.不断地做某事 21. promise to do sth.许诺去做某事22. learn to do sth.学会做某事 23. finish doing sth.做完某事 24. remember to do sth.记住做某事1be going to的用法1)be going to+动词原形——表示将来的打算、计划或安排。常与表示将来的tomorrow, next year等时间状语连用,be随主语有am, is, are 的变换肯定句: 主语 + be going to + 动词原形 + 其他。否定句: 主语 + be not going to + 动词原形 + 其他.一般疑问句Be + 主语 + going to + 动词原形 + 其他 肯定回答: Yes, 主语 + be.否定回答: No, 主语 + be not.特殊疑问句: 疑问词 + be + 主语 + going to + 动词原形 + 其他?2) 如果表示计划去某地,可直接用 be going to + 地点We are going to Beijing for a holiday.3) 表示位置移动的动词,如go , come, leave 等常用进行时表示将来。 My aunt is leaving for Beijing next week.4) be going to 与 will 的区别:① 对未来事情的预测用“ will + 动词原形”表达。 Will planes be large in the future? Yes, they will. / No, they won’t.②will 常表示说话人相信或希望要发生的事情,而be going to 指某事肯定发生,常表示事情很快就要发生。 I believe Lucy will be a great doctor.③ 陈述将来的某个事实用will. I will ten years old next year.④表示现在巨大将来要做的事情用 will.I’m tired I will go to bed. ⑤ 表示意愿用will.I’ll tell you the truth.⑥ 表示计划、打算要做的事情用 be going to,不用 will.2promise vt. 保证,许诺。有三种结构:1)promise to do sth. ___My mother promised to buy a piano for me.2)promise sb. sth. ___ My aunt promised me a bike.3)promise + that 从句___ Tom promises that he can return on time.promise n. 允诺, 诺言Lily is a dishonest girl. She never keeps a promise.3. practice vt. 练习, 后接名词,代词或v-ing 作宾语。Your elder sister is practicing the guitar in the room.常跟v-ing 作宾语的动词有:考虑建议盼原谅:consider, suggest/advise, look forward to, excuse, pardon.承认推迟没得想: admit, delay/put off, fancy.避免错过继续练:avoid, miss, keep/keep on, practice.否认完成能欣赏: deny, finish, enjoy, appreciate.不禁介意与逃亡: can’t help , mind, escape.不准冒险凭想象: forbid, risk, imagine.4. everyday 与 every day 区别everyday adj. 日常的 在句中作定语,位于名词前。 This is our everyday homework.every day 副词短语,在句中作状语,位于句首或句末。 He reads books every day. Unit 7 Will people have robots?短语:1. on computer在电脑上 2. on paper在纸上 3. live to do 200 years old活动200岁 4. It’s+ adj.+for sb. to do sth. 对某人来说,做某事……的5. free time空闲时间6. in danger处于危险之中 7. on the earth在地球上 8. play a part in sth.参与某事 9. space station太空站10. look for寻找 11. computer programmer电脑编程员 12. in the future在未来 13. hundreds of许多;成百上千 14. the same…as…与……一样 15. over and over again多次;反复地 16. help sb. with sth.帮助某人做某事17. get bored感到厌烦的 18. wake up醒来 19. fall down倒塌20. will+动词原形 将要做…… 21. fewer/more+可数名词复数 更少/更多……22. less/more+不可数名词 更少/更多…… 23. have to do sth.不得不做某事24. agree with sb.同意某人的意见 25. such+名词(词组) 如此……26. play a part in doing sth. 参与做某事27. try to do sth. 尽力做某事28. There will be + 主语+其他 29. make sb. do sth.30. There is/are +sb./sth.+doing sth.有……正在做某事语法:1) What will the future be like? Cities will be more polluted. And there will be fewer trees.2) Will people use money in 100 years? No, they won’t. Everything will be free.3) Will there be world peace? Yes, I hope so.4) Kids will stuffy at home on computers. They won’t go to school.5) There will be more people. There will be more pollution.6) There will be fewer trees. There will be less free time.词语辨析:1. every 与 each 的区别:every 用来表整体,each 用来表个别。each 最低需是两,every 最低需是三。Every teacher knows her. Each of the road has a dictionary.2. on the earth 在地球上,作地点状语,位于句首或句末。 on earth 究竟,到底。用于疑问句或副词后,加强语气。All the living things on the earth depend on the sun. / What on earth do you mean?3. human, 指包括男人女人孩子的“人,人类” person, 无性别之分,可数名词people, 泛指“人们”,表示复数概念。man,前不带冠词而且单独使用时,指“男人”,a man 可指“一个人/ 一个男人”,复数形式为men.He was the only human on the island. There are only three persons in the room.There are many people there.Man is stronger than woman.4. seem 连系动词,好像,似乎,看来。1) seem + 名词 看起来。He seems a nice man.2) seem like 好像,似乎。It seemed like a good idea 3) seem to do sth. 似乎/看起来/好像做某事。 4) It seems/seemed that 看起来好像…, 似乎…. 5) seem to be + 形容词/名词 = seem + 形容词/名词。 She seems to be happy.= She seems happy.5. probably ad. maybe 相当于 perhaps. 也许,大概,可能。作状语.probably 用于句中,可能性最大。 maybe/perhaps 用于句首。 Maybe/Perhaps you are right.1. during / for / in 介词,在……期间。说到某事是在某一段时间之间发生的用during; 说到某事持续多久则用for; 说到某事具体发生的时间用in.We visited many places during the summer holiday.I’ve been here for two weeks.They usually leave school in July.一般将来时结构:肯定式: 主语 + will/shall + 动词原形 + 其他 will 用于各种人称,shall 用于第一人称。 主语 + be going to + 动词原形 + 其他 be 随人称、数和时间的变化而变换。否定式: 在will/shall/be 后面加 not. will not = won’t .一般疑问句: 将will/shall/be 提到主语前面。There be 句型的一般将来时:There will be + 主语 + 其他 ,意为 :将会有。一般疑问句形式为: Will there be + 主语 + 其他。肯定回答是: Yes, there will. 否定回答是: No, there won’t.否定形式是:There won’t be + 主语 + 其他, 将不会有……特殊疑问句是: 疑问词/ 词组 + 一般疑问句? When will there be a nice basketball match?Unit 8 How do you make a banana milk shake?短语:1) milk shake奶昔 2) turn on接通(电流、煤气、水等);打开 3) pour…into…把…倒入……4) a cup of yogurt一杯酸奶 5) a good idea好主意 6) on Saturday在星期六 7) cut up切碎8) put…into…把……放入…… 9) one more thing还有一件事 10) a piece of一片/张/段/首……11) at this time在这时 12) a few一些;几个 13) fill… with…用……把…装满14) cover…with…用…覆盖… 15) one by one一个接一个 16) a long time很长时间17) how many+可数名词复数 18) how much+不可数名词 19) It’s time (for sb.)+to do sth. 到(某人)做某事的时间了20) First…Next…Then…Finally 首先……接下来……然后…….最后……21) want to do sth.想要做某事 22) forget+to do sth.忘记去做某事 23) how + to do sth.如何做某事24) need+to do sth.需要做某事 25) make+宾语+形容词 26) let sb. +do sth.让某人做某事句型1) How do you make a banana milk shake? 2) First, peel the banana. 3) Next, put the banana in the blender.4) Then, pour the milk into the blender.5) Finally, turn on the blender.6) How many bananas do we need?7) How much yogurt do we need?8) We need three bananas 9) We need one cup of yogurt. . 主谓一致判断法:1) 不可数名词作主语时,谓语动词用单数。动名词或动词不定式作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。2) either…or…, neither…nor…, not only…but also..连接两个名词或代词作主语时,使用就近原则3) 在here, there 开头的倒装句中,谓语动词与后面的名词在数上保持一致。4) turn on 打开,接通(电源,气,水),反义词是turn off. turn up/turn down 调高/低音量。5) pour…into… 将…倒入/灌入… into 是:进入… in 是:在…内。在put, throw, break, lay, fall 等动词之后,既可用in,也可用into。但in可作副词,into不能。He put all the books in/into the bag. Come in!6) 有关make 的短语: make the bed 铺床 make tea 沏茶 make trouble 惹麻烦make money 赚钱 make a decision 做决定 make a telephone call 打电话make a visit 拜访 make a mistake犯错误 make a noise弄出噪音make a living 谋生 make sure 务必7) one more thing = another one thing 8) 基数词 + more +名词= another + 基数词 + 名词9) fill with 用…填充be filled with = be full of 充满….The boy filled the bottle with sand. The bag was full of clothes.10) cover…with… 用…把…覆盖 be covered with 被…所覆盖。 cover n. 封面,盖子。11) It’s time (for sb) to do sth. 到某人做某事的时候了。12) It’s time for sth. 到做某事的时候了。Unit 9 Can you come to my party?短语:1) on Saturday afternoon在周六下午 2) prepare for为……做准备 3) go to the doctor去看医生4) have the flu患感冒 5) help my parents帮助我的父母 6) come to the party来参加聚会7) another time其他时间 8) last fall去年秋天 9) go to the party去聚会10) hang out常去某处;泡在某处 11) the day after tomorrow后天 12) the day before yesterday前天13) have a piano lesson上钢琴课 14) look after照看;照顾 15) accept an invitaton接受邀请16) turn down an invitation拒绝邀请 17) take a trip去旅行 18) at the end of this month这个月末19) look forward to盼望;期待 20) the opening of… ……的开幕式/落成典礼 21) reply in writing书面回复22) go to the concert去听音乐会 23) not…until直到……才24) meet my friend会见我的朋友 25) visit grandparents拜访祖父母 26) study for a test为考试学习 27) too much homework太多作业28) have to不得不 29) do homework做家庭作业30) go to the movies去看电影 31) after school放学后 32) on the weekend在周末 33) invite sb. to do sth.邀请某人做某事 34) what引导的感叹句结构:35) What+a/an+adj.+可数名词单数(+主语+谓语)!36) What+adj.+名词复数/不可数名词(主语+谓语)!37) help sb.(to)do sth.帮助某人做某事38) be sad to do sth.做某事很悲伤39) see sb. do sth. see sb.doing sth.40) the best way to do sth.做某事最好的方式41) have a surprise party for sb.为某人举办一个惊喜派对42) look forward to doing sth.期盼做某事43) reply to sth./sb.答复某事/某人44) What’s today?今天是什么日子? 45) What’s the date today? 今天什么日期?46) What day is it today? 今天星期几?句型:1) Can you come to my party on Saturday? Sure, I’d love to. /Sorry, I must study for a math test.2) Can you go to the movie tomorrow night? Sure. That sound great. / I’m afraid not. I have the flu.3) Can he go to the party? No, he can’t. He has to help his parents.4) Can she go to the baseball game? No, she’s not available. She must go to the doctor.5) Can they go to the movie? No, they’re not free. They might have to meet their friends.词语辨析:1. prepare强调准备的动作与过程。 prepare for sth. 为…准备好。prepare to do sth 准备做某事。 get/be ready意为“准备好”,强调准备的结果。常见结构有:①be ready(for sth.)②get sth. ready ③be ready(for sth)④be get ready to do(准备干某事,乐于干某事)2. have the flu 患感冒 have a cold 感冒 have a cough 咳嗽 have a fever 发烧 have a sore throat喉咙痛 have a headache头痛 have a toothache 牙痛3. hang out 常去某处,泡在某处 hang on 紧紧抓住 hang about 闲荡 hang up 挂电话,悬挂,挂起4. catch you = bye bye catch a cold 感冒 catch sb’s eye引起某人注意catch the train 赶上火车 catch up with 赶上,,跟上 catch hold of 抓住5.accept 接受 , 反义词为: refuse。 accept指主观上愿意接受,receive 收到,指客观上收到或拿到,但主观上不一定会接受。 I received his gift yesterday, but I wouldn’t like to accept it.1. turn down = refuse 拒绝 turn up 放大,调高 turn over 翻身 take turns 依次,轮流2. help sb.(to) do sth 帮助某人做某事 help sb. with sth 在某方面帮助人 help oneself to sth 随便吃3. at the end of 在…末尾,在…尽头, by the end of 到…末为止 in the end of 终于4. surprised 形容词,感到意外的,主语是人be surprised to do sth 对做某事感到意外surprising 形容词,令人惊讶的,主语是物 The news was surpring.surprise 名词,惊奇、惊讶 to one’s surprise 动词,使惊奇,使感到意外 It surprise sb to do sth.5. look forward to 期待,盼望,to 是介词,后跟名词,代词或动名词作宾语。hear from sb. 收到某人的来信 = receive a letter from sb.hear of = hear about 听说6. make it 在约定的时间内到达=arrive in time; Glad you could make it.商量确定的时间,表示将来某项计划的安排,后接时间状语。 Let’s make it at seven o’clock on Tuesday.成功办成某事 = succeed After years of hard work, he finally made it.7. reply 回答,指用口头或书面形式回答,不及物动词 reply to sb/sth. 对…..作出回答。answer 是最普通的用语,包括口头,书面或行动的回答,可作及物和不及物动词。Unit 10 If you go to the party, you’ll have a great time!短语:1) stay at home待在家里 2) take the bus乘公共汽车 3) tomorrow night明天晚上 4) have a class party进行班级聚会5) half the class一半的同学 6) make some food做些食物 7) work hard努力工作 8) order food订购食物 9) have a class meeting开班会 10) at the party在聚会上 11) potato chips炸土豆片,炸薯条 12) in the end最后 13) make mistakes犯错误14) go to the party去参加聚会 15) have a great/good 玩得开心 16) give sb. some advice给某人提一些建议17) go to college上大学 18) make(a lot of)money赚(许多)钱 19) travel around the world环游世界20) get an education得到教育 21) a soccer player一名足球运动员 22) keep…to oneself保守秘密23) talk with sb.与某人交谈 24) in life 在生活中 25) be angry at/about sth.因某事生气 26) be angry with sb.生某人的气27) in the future在将来 28) run away逃避;逃跑 29) the first step第一步 30) in half分成两半31) solve a problem解决问题 32) school clean-up学校大扫除 33) ask sb.(not) to do sth.要求某人(不)做某事 34) give sb. sth.给某人某物 35) tell sb. to do sth.告诉某人做某事 36) too…to do sth.太……而不能做某事37) be afraid to do sth.害怕做某事 38) advise sb. to do sth.劝告某人做某事39) It’s best (not)
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