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-_新目标英语七年级下册知识点总结Unit 1 Can you play the guitar?1, 情态动词+V原 can do= be able to do2, Play+ the+ 乐器 +球类,棋类3, join 参加社团、组织、团体4, 4个说的区别:say+内容 Speak+语言 Talk 谈论 talk about sth talk with sb talk to sb Tell 告诉,讲述 tell sb (not)to do sth Tell stories/ jokes5, want= would like +(sb)to do sth6, 4个也的区别:too 肯定句末 (前面加逗号) Either否定句末(前面加逗号) Also 行前be 后 As well 口语中(前面不加逗号)7, be good at+ V-ing=do well in 擅长于 be good for 对…有益 (be bad for对…有害) be good to 对…友好 (good 可用friendly,nice,kind替换) be good with和…相处好=get on/ along well with8, 特殊疑问句的构成:疑问词+一般疑问句9, How/ what about+V-ing …怎么样?(表建议)10,感官动词(look, sound, taste, smell, feel)+adj/ like11,选择疑问句:回答不能直接用Yes或者No,要从中选择一个回答12,students wanted for school show(wanted表示招募,含有被动意义)13,show sth to sb=show sb sth give sth to sb=give sb sth14,help sb (to)do sthHelp sb with sthWith sb’s help= with the help of sbHelp oneself to 随便享用15,be busy doing sth/ be busy with sth16,need to do sth17,be free= have time18,have friends= make friends19,call sb at +电话号码20,on the weekend= on weekends21,English-speaking students 说英语的学生(带有连词符,有形容词性质)22,do kung fu表演功夫Unit 2 What time do you go to school?1, 问时间用what time或者whenAt+钟点 at 7 o’clock at noon/ at night(during/ in the day)On+ 具体某天、星期、特指的一天 on April 1st on Sunday on a cold winter morningIn +年、月、上午、下午、晚上2, 时间读法:顺读法 逆读法:分钟≤30用past five past eight(8:05) half past eight(8:30) 分钟>30用to a quarter to ten(9:45) 整点用 …o’clock 7 o’clock(7:00)3,3个穿的区别:wear 表状态,接服装、手套、眼镜、香水等 Put on 表动作,接服装 Dress 表动作,接sb/ oneself get dressed穿衣3, 感叹句:How+adj+主谓! How+adj+a/an +n单+主谓! What+ a/an +adj+ n单+主谓! What+ adj+ n复/ 不可数+主谓!4, from…to…5, be/ arrive late for6, 频度副词(行前be 后)Always usually often sometimes seldom hardly never7,一段时间前面要用介词for for half an hour for five minutes8, eat/ have… for breakfast/ lunch/ dinner/ supper9, either…or10,a lot of=lots of11,it is +adj+for sb +to do sth (adj修饰to do sth)It is important for me to learn English.it is +adj+of sb +to do sth (adj修饰sb) It is kind/ friendly/ nice of you to help me.Unit 3 How do you get to school?1, 疑问词 How 如何(方式)how long 多长(时间)答语常用“(For/ about +)时间段”how far多远(距离)答语常用“(It’s +)数词 +miles/ meters/ kilometers”how often多久一次(频率)答语常用“Always/ often/ every day/…”或 “次数+时间”等表频率的状语How soon多快,多久以后,常用在将来时中。答语常用“in +时间段”how many多少(接可数名词) how much(接不可数名词)why为什么(原因) what什么 when何时 who谁 whom谁(宾格)(针对宾语提问也可用who) whose谁的2, 宾语从句要用陈述句语序3, Stop sb from doing sthStop to do 停下来去做其他事Stop doing 停止正在做的事4, what do you think of/ about…?= how do you like…?你认为…怎么样?5, He is 11 years old.He is an 11-year-old boy.6, many students= many of the students7, be afraid of sth be afraid to do sth worry about be worried about 担心8, play with sb9, come true10,have to do sth11,he is like a father to me (like像)12,leave离开 leave for 出发前往某地13,cross 是动词 across是介词14,thanks for +n/ V-ingThanks for your help/ thanks for helping me.Thanks for your invitation/ thanks for inviting/ asking me.Thanks to幸亏,由于,因为15,4个花费:人+spend/ spends/ spent+时间/钱+(in)doing sth/ on sth 人+pay/ pays/ paid +钱+for sth It takes/ took sb +时间+to do sth 物+cost/ costs/ cost +sb +钱16,交通方式●用介词。在句子中做方式状语。①by +交通工具名词(中间无需任何修饰)By bus/ bike/ car/ taxi/ ship/ boat/ plane/ subway/ train……②by +交通路线的位置By land/ water/ sea/ air③in/ on +冠词/物主代词/指示代词 +交通工具名词In a/ his/ the carOn a/ his/ the bus/ bike/ship/ train/ horse/ motorbike④on foot 步行●用动词。在句子中做谓语。①take + a/ the +交通工具名词take a bus/ plane/ ship/ train ride a bike②walk/ drive/ ride/ fly to……(后面接here,there,home等地点副词时,省略介词to。)如步行回家:walk home17,名词所有格一般情况加’s Tom’s pen以s结尾加’ the teachers’ office ten days’ holiday表示几个人共同拥有,在最后一个名词后加’s Mike and John’s desk表示每个人各自拥有,在每个名词后加’s Mike’s and John’s desksUnit 4 Don’t eat in class.1,祈使句(变否定在句首+don’t)Be型(be +表语),否定形式:don’t + be +表语 Be quiet,please. Don’t be late!Do型(实义动词+其他),否定形式:don’t +实义动词+其他Come here,please. Don’t play football here.Let型(let sb do sth),否定形式:don’t + let sb do sth或者let sb not do sth No+n/ V-ing No photos /mobile;No parking/ smoking/ spitting/ talking/ picking of flowers2,in class在课堂上 in the classroom 在教室3,be on time准时4,listen to music5,(have a)fight with sb7, eat outside8, Must 与have to (1)must 表示说话人主观上的看法,意为“必须”。 have to 表示客观的需要或责任,意为“不得不,必须”,后接动词原词。(2)must没有人称,时态和数的变化Have to 有人称,数,时态的变化,其第三人称单数形式为 has to ,过去式为had to. 构成否定句或疑问句时借助动词do/ does。(3)have to的否定式是needn’t=don’t / doesn’t have to (不必要);must的否定式是must not/ mustn’t(一定不能,不允许)。9, Some of… 10,bring…to…11,practice (doing)sth12,wash/ do the dishes13,on school days/ nights14,break/ follow(obey)the rules15,Be strict with sb/ oneself be strict in sth对……严格。16,too many“太多”修饰可数名词复数too much“太多”修饰不可数名词much too“实在太”修饰形容词或副词17,make one’s/ the bed18,get to, arrive in/at, reach,到达(如果后面接地点的副词home,here或there ,就不用介词in ,at, to)19,remember/ forget+to do要做 +doing做过20,have fun,enjoy oneself,have a good/ great/ wonderful time+V-ingUnit 5 Why do you like pandas?1, 回答why的提问要用because2,Kind of 相当于副词,修饰形容词或副词,意为“稍微,有点”,与a little/ bit 相近A kind of 意为“一种”,some kinds of 意为“几种”,all kinds of 意为“各种各样的”。这里的kind 是“种,类,属”的意思。3,Why not =Why don’t you+V原 你为什么不…?4,walk on one’s legs/ hands on 意为“用…方式行走”5,all day =the whole day整天6,来自be/ come from where do they come from?=where are they from?7,more than=over超过 less than 少于8,once twice three times9,be in great danger10,one of… …之一 +名词复数11,get lost12,with/ without 有/ 没有 介词13,a symbol of14,由…制造 be made of能看出原材料 be made from 看不出原材料 be made in+地点 表产地15,cut down 砍到 动副结构(代词必须放中间,名词可放中间或者后面)Unit 6 I’m watching TV.1,现在进行时其结构为be的现在式(am, is, are)+ 现在分词(V-ing)。否定形式在be后面加not,疑问式将be动词提前2,动词-ing形式的构成:一般情况+ing;以不发音的e结尾的,去e加ing;重读闭音节结尾,末尾只有一个辅音字母,双写辅音字母再加ing3, go to the movies4, join sb for sth与某人一起做某事 join us for dinner5, live with sb live in+地点6, other,another与the otherOther “其他的,另外的”,后接名词复数,有时other+n复数=othersAnother “又一(个),另一(个)”,泛指总数为三个或三个以上中的任意一个,后接名词单数。The other“(两者中的)另一个”,常与one连用,“one…the other…”表示“一个…,另一个…”7, talk on the phone8, wish to do sth9, Here is+ n单 Here are+ n 复Unit 7 It’s raining!1. 询问天气的表达方式:How’s the weather?It’s a raining/sunny day. It’s raining.What’s the weather like?It’s windy.2, play computer games3, How’s it/ everything going?=How have you been?4, In/ at the park5, Take a message for sb 替人留言Leave a message to sb 给人留言6, call sb back7, right now,right away,at once,in a minute,in a moment,in no time 立刻,马上8, right now现在 just now刚刚(用于一般过去式)9, over and over again10,the answer to the question,a key to the door,a ticket to the ball game11,by the pool12,summer vacation13,go on a vacation去度假 be on a vacation在度假14,write (a letter)to sb15,反意疑问句(陈述句+附加疑问句)反意疑问句中,陈述句用的肯定,后面的附加疑问句就要用否定;相反,陈述句用的否定,附加疑问句就要用肯定。16,adj 以-ing结尾“令人…的”exciting,interesting,relaxing 以-ed结尾“人感到…的”excited,interested,relaxed17,in the first picture18,dry干燥的 humid潮湿的Unit 8 Is there a post office near here?1,There is +单数可数名词/不可数名词+ 地点状语.     There are +复数名词+地点状语.       谓语动词要与跟它最近的那个名词一致(就近原则)。 There be句型的否定式在be后加上not或no即可。注意not和no的不同:not是副词,no为形容词,not a/an/any + n. 相当于no+ n.There be句型的一般疑问句变化是把be动词调整到句首There be表示“某处存在某物或某人”;have表示“某人拥有某物/某人”2,问路:①Is/ Are there ……near here/ around here/ in the neighborhood?②Where is/ are……?③How can I get to……?④Could/Can you tell me the way to……⑤Which is the way to……3,Across,cross,through,overAcross是介词,“横过,在对面”表示从物体表面穿过 Cross是动词,相当于go/ walk acrossThrough是介词,表示从物体中间或里面穿过 go through the doorOver是介词,“横过,越过”表示从物体上空越过,跨过 fly over4,ask for help/ advice5,in/ on the street6,在某条大街上习惯用介词on on Bridge Street7,across from,next to,between…and…,behind8,in front of在…(外部的)前面→behind在…后面 in the front of在…(内部的)前面9,be in town→be out of town10,be far from11,go/ walk along go straight go up/ down12,turn left/right13,on one’s/ the left14,at the first crossing/ turning15,sometimes 有时(频度副词) sometime(将来)有朝一日,(曾经)某天 Some times 几次,几倍 some time 一段时间(前面用介词for)16,free 空闲的 free time 自由的 as free as a fish 免费的 The best things in life are free.17,enjoy doing18,Time goes quickly.19,表“一些”在肯定句中用some. 在疑问句和否定句中用any。特殊用法:some可用于表示盼望得到对方肯定的答复或表示建议、委婉请求的疑问句中。any也可用于肯定句中,表示"任何的"。Unit 9 What does he look like?1,what does he look like?询问人长什么样,回答:①主语+be+形容词/ 介词短语(he is tall/ of medium height);②主语+have/has+形容词+名词(she has long hair)what does sb like?询问某人喜欢什么2,多个形容词修饰名词 多个形容词修饰名词,一般关系近的靠近名词;音节少的在前,音节多的在后。 限定词+数词(序前基后)+描绘性形容词+大小、长短、高低+新旧+颜色+国籍+材料+名词3,May be 为情态动词+动词原形,在句子中做谓语,maybe是副词,表示可能,大概,一般放在句首。4,a little,little修饰不可数名词,a little表示一点点,little表示几乎没有 a few,few修饰可数名词,a few表示一点点,few表示几乎没有5, Find 强调找到的结果,look for 强调寻找的过程.6,问职业:what do you do?=what is your job?7,the same as→be different8,long straight brown hair9,最后in the end(表事情结局)finally(强调次序)at last(强调经多番努力终于达成) By the end of 直到……为止 At the end of在……末端/尽头 Unit 10 I’d like some noodles.1, 名词可分为可数名词和不可数名词(不可数名词作主语,谓语动词用单数)。可数名词又分单数和复数。一般+s;以-s,-x,-ch,sh结尾的名词+es;辅音+y,把y变i,再+es;以-o结尾的,有生命的+es(negro—negroes;hero—heroes;tomato—tomatoes;potato—potatoes);无生命的+s;⑤以f,fe 结尾的名词,改f,fe为v+es(leaf—leaves;knife—knives)(例外:roofs,chiefs)⑥单复数同形:sheep,deer.不规则变化:man—men;woman—women;child—children;foot—feet;tooth—teeth等2,would like sth. 想要某物Would you like some …? 你想要一些……吗? ——Yes, please./ ——No, thanks. would like to do sth. “想要做某事”。Would you like to … ? 你愿意去做……吗? —Yes, I’d like / love to./—I’d like/ love to. But I’m too busy.would like sb to do sth “想要某人做某事”。3,order:order food take/ have one’s order In order to为了 In the order按顺序 Order/ book a room 预定房间 Order sb(not)to do sth命令4,special和especialSpecial特别的人或事物,特别的,特殊的,specials特色菜;specially专门地,特地Especial特别的,突出的,especially特别,尤其5, the number of表示“……的数量”,后面接可数名词复数。做主语时,主语是number而不是of后面的名词复数,因此谓语动词要用单数;a number of表示“许多”,相当于many, 后面接可数名词复数,做主语时,主语不是number而是of后面的名词复数,因此谓语动词要用复数。Number前可用large,great,small修饰,不能用little。6,仍然,还:still(肯定句) Yet(疑问句、否定句)7,one bowl of two bowls of8,what size(+n)would you like? Large/ medium/ small9,what kind of10,大:big 体格大、笨重→small,little 形容具体的人或物 Huge物体体积巨大=very big Large物体面积、空间、范围、数量大→small 不修饰人 Great重大事件或行为,伟大,具有感情色彩11,肯定句中表并列用and 否定句、疑问句中表并列用or12,around the world= all over the world13,make a wish 14,blow out15,in/ at one go 16,get popular17,cut up(动副结构)18,bring good luck to19,different kinds of20,be short of缺乏Unit 11 How was your school trip?1,一般过去时基本结构:主语+动词过去式+其他;否定形式:①was / were + not; ②在行为动词前加didn't,同时还原动词;一般疑问句:①Was/Were+主语+其他?②Did+主语+动词原形+其他?2,动词过去式规则变化:直接加ed;以不发音e结尾的单词,直接加d;以辅音字母+y结尾的,变y为i加ed;以元音字母+y结尾的,直接加ed;以重读闭音节结尾的,双写最后的辅音字母+ed不规则变化的动词过去式(见书本最后一页)3, How was your school trip?= what was your school trip like?4, Go for a walk5, Milk a cow6, Ride a horse7, Quite a lot8, Show sb around9, 并列谓语的时态和数必须一致。10,In the countryside11,after that12,come out13,go on school trip14,along the way15,buy/ get sb sth= buy/ get sth for sb16,all in all17,否定转移(主语为第一人称I 或者we时)think,believe,suppose 18,be interested in +n/ v-ing19,not at all20,diary entry21,Something意为“某事,有些事”;anything意为“任何事,任何东西”;everything意为“每一件事”(其后的谓语动词要用单数);nothing意为“没事,什么事都没有”。Unit 12 What did you do last weekend?1, go+V-ing与do some +V-inggo+V-ing表示“去从事某种活动”(一般指户外)go shopping/ swimming/ skating/ dancing/ skiing/ climbing/ camping/ hiking……do some +V-ing 表示“从事某种活动”(一般指室内)do some writing/ washing/ cooking/ cleaning/ reading……2, go to the cinema3, camp by the lake4, study for a test study for the English test5, work as a guide6, living habits7, stay up late8, shout at sb 因生气或愤怒向某人吼叫;shout to sb 对某人大声叫喊,目的是让人听见9, run away10,fly a kite11,adj修饰不定代词 adj要放后面 something important,anything interesting12,take sb to… 带某人去……13,put up tents14,make a fire15,on the first night16,each other17,get a terrible surprise18,finish doing19,look out of…从……朝外看(window,door……)look out at sth 向外眺望……look out for 留神、注意、小心、关心20,feel/ watch/ see/ hear sb do sth强调整个过程feel/ watch/ see/ hear sb doing sth强调动作正在进行21,jump up and down22,wake up23,so +adj +that +结果状语从句“如此……以致……” eg:I was so busy that I didn’t go to sleep for 3 days.The weather was so cold that they had to stay at home.The coat is so expensive that I don’t want to buy it.so that 引导目的状语从句,以便,为了(in order to)eg:they got up early so that they could catch the early bus. I raise my voice so that I can make myself heard.




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