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2017年北京.中考.英语试卷.含答案解析(Word版.).doc

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2017 北京 中考 英语 试卷 答案 解析 Word
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\\2017年北京市中考英语试卷四、单项选择(共10 分,每小题1 分)从下面各题所给的A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选择可以填入空白处的最佳选项.21.My father is a worker. is very kind.(  )A.HeB.SheC.HisD.It22.More and more young people go skating winter.(  )A.atB.inC.onD.to23.﹣﹣﹣ did you stop playing?﹣﹣﹣Because I was tired.(  )A.HowB.WhyC.WhenD.Where24.The hotel is very old.It's one of buildings in the city.(  )A.oldB.olderC.oldestD.the oldest25.﹣﹣﹣ I hand in the report today?﹣﹣﹣No,you needn't.(  )A.CanB.MustC.ShallD.Could26.﹣﹣﹣How do you usually go to school?﹣﹣﹣I to school on foot.(  )A.goB.wentC.was goingD.will go27.My mother some washing when the telephone rang.(  )A.doesB.didC.is doingD.was doing28.Lily is my classmate.We each other since she came to our school.(  )A.knowB.knewC.have knownD.will know29.The mobile phone in 1973.(  )A.inventsB.is inventedC.inventedD.was invented30.﹣﹣﹣Judy,could you tell me_______the schoolbag?﹣﹣﹣Oh,yes.I bought it in a store on the Internet.(  )A.where did you buyB.where will you buyC.where you boughtD.where you will buy 五、完形填空(共15 分,每小题1.5 分)阅读下面的短文,掌握其大意,然后从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选择最佳选项.31.A Meaningful GiftEmily was an eighth grader.To pass her Civics course(公民课程),she had to do some volunteer service in a nursing home for a week.One Monday,Emily went to the nursing home after school.When she arrived,she was told she would(31)    an hour every weekday with an elderly lady,Mrs.Blair.She was then led into a room,where an old lady in a flowery dress was sitting on a sofa.Emily(32)   awkwardly(别扭地)in front of the lady.She cleared her throat and said,"Good afternoon I'm Emily.""Good afternoon,Emily.Take a seat,please."Mrs.Blair replied.Then,(33)   filled the space between them.Emily wondered what to say."Tell me about yourself,Emily,"Mrs.Blair said suddenly."Well,"Emily started,"I don't have any grandparents,so I can't relate to elderly people much.I love the performing arts.I'm here mainly because I have to(34)   here to get a good grade for my Civics class."Mrs.Blair didn't seem to(35)   ."Many people,especially teens,don't seem to care about old people like me.Now you are here,and I'm going to change that about you.Ask me anything."Emily thought for a moment,and finally decided,"What was your job?""I was a Broadway star in the 1950s."Mrs.Blair answered."Cool!Can you tell me about it?"Emily asked,amazed.Mrs.Blair smiled."Back then,only the lead actress had the honor to wear a(36)   bracelet.I was the lead in almost all of the plays,so I always wore the bracelet.Till this day,I still have it."Emily smiled along with Mts.Blair and listened to the other stories,attentively.She had become sointerested in Mrs.Blair's(37)    that she decided to come earlier the next day.Tuesday,Wednesday,and Thursday passed by quickly.Then came Friday.As she was leaving,Emilywas really(38)   to say goodbye."Don't be sad.You can still visit me,"Mrs.Blair comforted her.She then handed a small box to Emily,"It's my gift to you."Emily(39)   opened the box and was surprised to see what was inside."It's the bracelet that youwore.Thank you!"Emily said,with tears in her eyes."I'm sure to visit you whenever I'm free."On the way home,Emily thought of her own love for the performing arts.She touched the bracelet andmade a (40)   that she would keep her word to Mrs.Blair.31.A.wasteB.spendC.planD.exercise32.A.askedB.satC.stoodD.danced33.A.warmthB.sadnessC.happinessD.silence34.A.studyB.liveC.volunteerD.play35.A.mindB.fearC.insistD.regret36.A.strangeB.specialC.commonD.private37.A.dreamsB.hobbiesC.storiesD.jokes38.A.upsetB.confusedC.surprisedD.nervous39.A.proudlyB.secretlyC.worriedlyD.carefully40.A.promiseB.changeC.judgmentD.choice. 六、阅读下列短文,根据短文内容,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选择最佳选项.(共30 分,每小题2 分)41.Summer Programs at Museums41.You can join in the programs at the Postal Museum any day   .A.from July 17to 23B.from July 29﹣30C.from August 7﹣20D.from August 21to 2742.If you are interested in the program about video arts,you can phone   .A.965﹣0400B.654﹣0930C.357﹣3030D.272﹣056043.A 15﹣year﹣old student can take part in the programs at   .A.the Building Museum  B.the Postal MuseumC.the Air and Space Museum  D.the Science Museum44.In the Air and Space Museum,you can   .A.create a stamp  B.build a houseC.make a paper airplane  D.explore a future city.45.The Sixth Time I Went to the Principal's Office When I was in the seventh grade,I had problems behaving.My heart was in the right place,but Icouldn't always follow the rules.I played many tricks on my schoolmates.Once,I even pulled a girl's hair on the school bus to get her attention.As a result,I was repeatedly sent to the office of the principal(校长).Although I hated going there,I did not hate the principal,Mr.Ratcliff. Mr.Ratcliff was a kind,elderly man.When he spanked( 打屁股) me for putting some ants into aclassmate's pencil box,it didn't hurt at all,but it did hurt my feelings.I thought so much of him andmoments like that seemed to prove I was hopelessly bad. When I got called to Mr.Ratcliff's office for the sixth time,I had no idea what I had done.I feltdisappointed as I walked down there.I went into his office,sat down,and looked at the floor.Then he said the last thing I expected to hear:"Kevin,I've heard you've been behaving really well lately.I want you to know how proud I am of you,and I just called you down to my office to give you a peppermint.""Really?"I was surprised."Yes.Now you can take that peppermint and go back to class." I carried the peppermint with me as if it was a gold coin.When I got into my classroom,I bragged ( 吹嘘) to my classmates about my turnaround,excitedly.I wasn't so bad after all. Mr.Ratcliff was really kind.He made me realize that I was just a kid who had problems with behavior.He bought some peppermints and took the time to notice me when I got something﹣anything﹣right.Mr.Ratcliff gave me some hope by giving me some love.I will just remember him for the rest of my life.45.In his seventh grade,the writer   .A.hated the principal  B.had problems behavingC.always followed the rules  D.often helped his classmates46.How did the writer feel when he went to the principal's office for the sixth time?   A.Lonely.B.Excited.C.Confident.D.Disappointed.47.The sixth time the writer went to the principal's office,he got   .A.a peppermint  B.a model bus  C.a pencil box  D.a coin48.The writer will always remember Mr.Ratcliff,because the principal   .A.talked with him in the office  B.played games with himC.expected him to be a teacher  D.gave him some hope and love.49.Buying Is Doing?How important is shopping to you?How much time do you spend buying things?And how much timedo you spend organizing these things in your home?In the future,how much time will you spend in movietheaters,at amusement parks,at shopping malls,or at convenience stores?When you add it all up,you will probably see you spend a lot of your life consuming(消费)things.Consuming products is not necessarily bad.However,if we spend too much time doing it,we should look at it carefully.Imagine that you have a week off from school.You don't have to go to class.However,in this week,you cannot spend any money﹣﹣﹣﹣﹣no shopping,no movies,no eating out.How would you spend your time?What things would bring you happiness?Perhaps you would take a walk with your best friend.Perhaps you would help a child read.Or you might spend time with your family.When we look back,it is likely that non﹣consuming experiences like these will be our most importantmemories.Why?Non﹣consuming activities are active,not passive.They don't come in a package.You make the experience yourself.For example,each person who reads to a child will have a different experience.The experience changes with the reader,the child,and the book.Similarly,when you have a conversation with a friend,you are actively creating an experience.The conversation that you have with your friend cannot be experienced or recreated by anyone else.However,if you watch a movie with a friend,you will each have a package experience.It requires no action and little interaction between the two of you.The environment we live in encourages us to have packaged experiences.We feel that we must consume because we believe that buying is doing.However,we can start a personal revolution ( 变革) against consumerism.How?By consuming less.We can ask ourselves what experiences bring us the greatest satisfaction.Then we can organize our lives so that we have more of those kinds of experiences.49.If consuming products takes too much time,we should   .A.spend less money  B.think about it carefullyC.organize our things  D.go to convenience stores50.According to the passage,the writer believes that   .A.we can say no to consumerism by consuming lessB.buying things can bring us the greatest satisfactionC.the environment seldom influences our shopping choicesD.consuming experiences will be our most important memories51.What is the writer's main purpose in writing this passage?   A.To introduce some ways of enjoying our spare time.B.To encourage people to have more active experiences.C.To explain reasons behind people's shopping behavior.D.To share his personal experience in consuming products.52.Say you're sitting around with some friends playing video games and someone mentions a game that happens to be one of your favorites."Oh,that game's easy.So not worth the time,"one of your friends says.The others agree.Although you enjoy the game quite a lot,not wanting to argue with them,you go along with the crowd.You have just experienced what is commonly referred to as peer pressure(同伴压力),also called peerinfluence.You will adopt a certain type of behavior,dress,or attitude in order to be accepted as part of a group of your"peers".As a teen,you are likely to have experienced the effect of peer pressure in a number of different areas.We are all influenced by our peers at any age.For teens,as school and other activities take you awayfrom home,you may spend more time with your friends than with your family.As you become moreindependent,your peers naturally play a greater role in your life.According to Dr.Casey from Cornell University,teens are very quick and accurate in making decisionson their own and in situations where they have time to think.However,when they make decisions in theheat of the moment or in social situations,their decisions are often influenced by factors like peers.In arecent study,teen volunteers played a video driving game,either alone or with friends watching.Theresearchers discovered that the number of risks teens took more than doubled when their friends werewatching,compared with when they played alone.This shows that teens may find it more difficult to control risky behavior when their friends are around,or in situations where they are extremely angry.Just as people can influence us to make unwise choices,they can also influence us to make good ones.A teen might join in a volunteer project because his or her friends are doing it,or get good grades because his or her friends think getting good grades is important.In fact,friends often encourage each other to study,or try out for sports.While we are always influenced by those around us,the decision to act or not is up to us.So when itcomes to decision making,the choice is up to you.52.According to the passage,Dr.Casey probably agrees that teens   .A.like to play driving games with their friendsB.prefer situations where they have time to thinkC.may take more risks when their friends are aroundD.are slow in making decisions when they are on their own53.The words"in the heat of the moment"in Paragraph 4probably mean"   ".A.when teens avoid possible risks  B.when teens trust their judgmentC.when teens lose control over their anger  D.when teens give consideration to situations54.What can we learn from the passage?   A.Teens are eager to be different from their peers.B.Peer pressure has effects on both teens and adults.C.Peer pressure does more harm than good to teens.D.Tees think it challenging to get good grades at school.55.Which of the following would be the best title for the passage?   A.Peer Pressure:Is It Necessary to Deal with It?B.Peer Pressure:Is It Possible to Get Away from It?C.Peer Pressure:Its Benefits to Teens and Friend MakingD.Peer Pressure:Its Influence on Teens and Decision Making. 七、阅读短文,根据短文内容,从短文后的五个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项.每个选项只能用一次.(共10 分,每小题2 分)56.From the Other SideLara and Tara are twins.(56)    but they are very different in everything else.For example,hot food is Lara's favorite,and Tara has a sweet choice.However,this isn't the problem with the twin girls.They always argued that the opposite one was wrong. (57)   ,while Tara insisted that mornings were fresh and it was difficult to stay up till midnight.(58)   .To put an end to their fights,their parents decided to create a small drama.They wanted the girls to understand that they were both correct from their own point of view.Their parents covered the girls'eyes with black ribbons,and brought them to the dining room.(59)   Lara was asked to stand on one side of the board and Tara on the other.They couldn't see the other side of it.When the ribbons were taken away,they were surprised to see a huge board between them.Now,their father asked Lara,"What's the color of the board?"She replied,"It's black!"(60)   .She replied,"It's white!"The two girls began to argue again.While Lara was confident it was black,Tara was sure it was white.Then,they were asked to exchange(交换)their places.They couldn't believe their eyes.Tara,who insisted it was a white board,saw a black one.Similarly,Lara,who argued the board was black,was shocked to see a white one.They understood that each of them was right in her own view.Most of us are like Lara and Tara.We are right most times,but insist that others are wrong!A.They look like each otherB.For years,their arguments continuedC.Their mother asked Tara the same questionD.In the room,a big board was placed in the middleE.Lara thought it was terrible to get up early in the morning. 八、阅读短文,根据短文内容回答问题.(共10 分,每小题2 分)61.What's in a Name?Many American names come from England.But where did most English names come from?Centuries ago,most people in England had only one name﹣﹣their first name.In the 11th century,five or six of the 50people in a village might be named William,and it was easy to get confused.But in the Middle Ages,people found a way to describe each person exactly.If there were four Williams in one village,one might be referred to as William the son of John.A second might be called William from the hill.A third,William the blacksmith(铁匠).And a fourth,William the brown haired.In conversation,people might refer to the four Williams as William John's son,William hill,William smith,and William brown.It was 300or 400years before the extra ( 附加的) names gradually developed into last names,orsurnames.They were passed on from generation to generation.By the 1300s,Robert,the son of Williamsmith,had the name Robert smith,even if he was not a blacksmith like his father.As the last name became widely accepted,the first letter was capitalized,as in Robert Smith.By the 15th century,most people of the upper and middle classes had surnames.Many surnames were based on father﹣son relations.The"son of"part was added to the father's firstname,like Johnson,meaning John's son.Sometimes it was shortened to just"s",as in Jones or Evans.Surnames like Hill described the place where a person lived.They are the most common type of surname.A third kind of surname was based on a person's job.Forester was someone who looked after the forest.In the Middle Ages,occupation names such as Baker,Carpenter,and Miller became common.The fourth kind of surname was nickname(绰号).A man whose surname was Bear might be as fierce as a bear.Have you ever wondered why some surnames are so common?The most common surname in the English language is Smith.Being able to make metals(金属)into tools was an important skill in the Middle Ages,and many people were trained as blacksmiths.The most common American surnames are Smith,Johnson,William and Brown.61.Where do many American names come from?62.When did people find a way to describe each person exactly?63.How long did it take for extra names to develop into last names?64.What is the fourth paragraph mainly about?65.Why were many people trained blacksmith in the Middle Ages? 
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