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【2016年中考.英语词汇】初级中学英语一词多义单词大汇总.doc

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2016年中考.英语词汇 2016 年中 英语词汇 初级 中学英语 多义 单词 汇总
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\\【英语词汇】初中英语一词多义单词大汇总A1. about(prep) 关于 Why not talk about the Chinese culture for tomorrow’s lecture? (ad) 到处,四处  Watch out! Bears about!       大约    Let’s meet at about 4 o’clock at the school gate.2. absent(a)缺席的--Who is absent today?--Daming. He had an accident on the school trip.absent-minded 健忘的My grandpa became absent-minded with age心不在焉的He was so absent-minded in class that the teacher became angry with him.3. after(prep)在…后面My best friend Peter sits after me .(conj)在…以后I will tell her the news after she comes back.4. against(prep)倚在……上The piano is against the wall.对 We played against a team from the No.2 Middle School and won the game.反对 Don’t do anything against the law.5. around大约 See you around 7:30.向各处I like to travel around the world someday.环绕 The earth moves around the sun.6.as(ad)像…一样,如同 He is as tall as his father.as (conj)由于,因为As you weren’t there, I left a message.在……期间,当……的时候Then she drove me over to Bobbie Decker’s house, explaining as we went that I was now one of Santa’s helpersas(prep)作为,当作He had a job as a teacher three years ago, but now he worked in a company.B1. bear (n)熊 He ran away as quickly as possible when he saw the bear in the forest. (v)忍受He can’t bear to be laughed at.2. bill(n)账单;--Have you paid the bill?钞票,纸币 --Yes, I paid the bill with a ten-dollar bill.3. book (n) 书,本子There are a lot of books in the library. (v) 预订You’d better book tickets if you want to watch the movie.4. break (n) 休息It’s time to take a break.(v) 打破It’s really bad to break the valuable china vase.终止She broke the silence by coughing.已坏 I don’t think my watch is broken.5. bring(v)带来,拿来①Please remember to bring your homework tomorrow.②His energetic interest and ability brought an offer to become a line boss6. brush (n)刷子, 画笔,毛笔It’s good for us to change our tooth-brush regularly.(v)刷You’d better brush your teeth after meals.7. burn (v) 着火The house was burned to the ground.使晒黑His face was badly burnt by the hot sun. 他的脸被烈日晒伤了。Her skin burns easily. 她的皮肤不禁晒。(n) 烧伤,晒伤8.but (conj)但是 It’s not cheap, but it’s good.(prep)除了I want nobody but you to finish the work.9. by (prep)靠近,在……旁We had a picnic by the lake.通过He entered the room by the back door.经过(某人、某物)He walked by me without speaking.不迟于 Can you finish the work by five o’clock?由 The play is written by Shakespeare.乘(车)Let’s travel to Shanghai by car.通过…..的方式He earns his living by writing.C1.can (aux)能够,可以He can speak English very well.(n) 金属或塑料的容器;罐头 a Coke can2. cap (n) 帽子British schoolboys sometimes wear caps.(钢笔、瓶子等的)帽、盖3. capital(n)首都 Beijing is the capital of China.大写字母The world BIG is in capitals.资本 He set up a business with a starting capital of$100,000.4. care (n) 照料She watered the flower with great care.小心 Care is needed when crossing the road.(v) 介意,在乎He failed the exam but he didn’t seem to care at all.关心His parents really cares about him.5.carry (v) 携带,搬运;She carried her baby in her arms.持有,带有;I never carry much money with me.6. catch (v)接住I threw a ball to her and she caught it.捉住We tried our best to catch the thief.赶上He got up too late to catch the early bus.染上(疾病)④--What’s wrong with you?—Oh, I catch a cold.听见(某事物),理解Sorry,I didn’t catch what you said.7. change (n) 零钱,找头I have no small change.(v) 改变 It is not easy to make him change his mind.8. class (n)班级I am happy I study in Class Six.等级This is a second-class compartment.课 I have a math class at 9o’clock.9. close (v) 关闭Don’t forget to close the door when you leave the room.(a) 亲密的 I have a close friend called Joy.接近 The church is close to the school.(ad) 接近,靠近 They quite close.close by离(某人或某事物)不远10. cold (a)寒冷的It’s so cold in winter in Beijing.冷却的I’d like a cold drink.不友好的The cold look on her face made me sad.(n) 寒冷Don’t stand outside in the cold.伤风,感冒He didn’t come to school because he had a bad cold.11. cover (v) 覆盖The ground is covered with snow.(n) 盖子; 罩; 封面12. cross (v)横穿Don’t cross the road when the traffic light is red.交叉 He crossed his leg and sat down.(n) 十字架; 十字形或叉形记号Mark the place with a cross on the map.(a) 生气I was cross with him for being late.D1. date(n) 日期 What’s the date today?约会Tonight I have a date with Mike.up to date 时新的,现代的 out of date 过时的2. draw(v) 绘画He can draw a horse in ten seconds.向某方向移动Christmas is drawing near.(圣诞节日渐临近)拉,拖I drew my chair up to the table.获取(知识经验等)At the end of the class I drew a conclusion. (得出结论)提取(金钱)I drew 50 pounds in the bank last Sunday.3. dress (v)穿衣Hurry up and get dressed!Is she old enough to dress herself ?(n)连衣裙4. drive (v) 驾驶He can drive very well and he drives to work every day.使或逼(某人)处于某种状态或做某事He almost drives me crazy.(n) 乘汽车等之行He took her out for a drive.5. drop (v)使(某物)意外地落下The bottle dropped and broke.放弃I found it difficult to learn physics so I decided to drop it.(n)(液体的)珠,滴rain-dropsE1. earth (n)地球; 泥土2. easy(a) 容易的The exam yesterday was really easy.舒适的,安心的Now I am leading an easy life.Take it easy 别着急3.excuse(v) 原谅Excuse me. Could you tell me how to get to the airport?(n)借口,辩解There is no excuse for his mistake.4. express (v)表达; It is hard for him to express himself in English.用快邮寄出(信、邮包等)(n)快车The 8:00 am express to Beijing is always crowed.快邮,速递He sent the book to me by express.F1. face(n) 脸 face to face(v) 面对 He faced the difficulties bravely.2. fan (n) 迷The famous singer has millions of fans.扇子Most old people prefer fans to air conditioners.3. fat (a) 肥胖的If you eat too much chocolate, you will get fat.(n) 脂肪This ham has too much fat on it.4. film (n) 电影This is my favorite film.胶卷develop the film 洗胶卷5. fit (a) 健康的He always do exercise to keep fit.(v) 适合The jacket fits him well.6. fly(v) 放飞; 飞行It’s good to fly a kite on windy days.(n) 飞行; 苍蝇7. for (prep) 为…… I bought some flowers for my mother on Mother’s Day.对….来说It’s easy for me to play the piano.达到(引导时间段)We have learned English for a long time so we can speak a little English.(conj)因为,由于He didn’t come to the party, for he liked to stay alone.8. free (a) 免费的The coffee is free here.自由的,空闲的I am free this afternoon. What about going shopping with me?9. fresh(a) 新鲜的 fresh water 淡水10. full (a) 满的The room is full of people.饱的I’m full and I can’t eat anything .G1. gift (n) 礼物;a birthday gift 天赋 I have a gift for music.2. green (a) 绿色的;a green dress (指水果)未成熟的,生的green bananas新来的,无经验的You must be green to believe that.3. grow(v)生长I want to be an astronaut like Yang Liwei when I grow up.种植My grandparents grew a lot of flowers behind their house last year.变成It began to grow dark.H1.hand (n) 手To give somebody a hand means to help somebody.指针There is something wrong with the hour hand of the clock.(v) 递给As we walked through its doors, Grandma handed me ten dollars2. hang (v) 悬挂; hang hung hung Hang your coat on that hook.处以绞刑 hang hanged hangedHe shouldn’t be hanged for such a crime.3. hard (a) 困难的It is hard to know whether it will be clear soon.硬的The ground is as hard as stone.(ad) 努力地Work hard, or you will fall behind.猛烈地It is raining hard. Don’t go out until it stops.4. have (v) 有I have a lot of hobbies.从事,进行Let’s have a talk.吃He usually has a sandwich for lunch.5.head (n) 头He fell and hit his head.领头部分At the head of the queue stands an old woman.首脑Report to the Head immediately!(v) 往……去Where are you heading? (你往哪儿走?)6. hero(n)英雄,勇士Liu Xiang is my hero.男主角The hero of the play is Peter.7. hold(v)拿,抱The girl was holding her father’s hand.握住She was holding an umbrella.举行We’ll hold a meeting to discuss it.承受……的重量Is that table strong enough to hold you?可容纳,包含I don’t think the room can hold so many people.不挂电话Please hold the line. I will be back in a minute.8. hot(a)热的It’s too hot in the room. Why not open the door?辣的Pepper is hot. (胡椒是辣的)I1. if(conj) 如果I will go to Shanghai if I have time in May.是否I don’t know if you are right.2. interest (n) 兴趣,好奇心Now he has grown up he no longer takes any interest in his stamp collection.爱好Her main interests in life are music, tennis and cooking.利息When you borrow money from the bank, you need to pay interest.(v)对……有兴趣The topic he is talking about interests me greatly.3. iron (n)铁This material is as hard as iron.a steam-iron 蒸汽熨斗(v)熨烫She was ironing a shirt when I went to visit her.J1. join(v) 加入He joined the League last June.加入某人行列They are playing basketball. What about joining them?连接The teacher asked us to join the two parts together.2. just (ad) 刚才I have just seen John。恰好It’s just my size.不过,仅After all, he is just a child.(a) 公平的,公正的It is a just sentence. (这是合法的判决)K1. key (n)钥匙I can’t find my key. Can you help me?(打字机、钢琴等的)键You need to press the keys hard, for the piano is quite old.答案Tell me the keys to the test.关键,要诀Diet and exercise are the key to good health.2. kind (n)种类There are all kinds of books in the library.(a)和蔼的Would you be kind enough to help me?L1. last(v) 持续How long do you think this fine weather will last?(a)最后的December is the last month of the year.最近的,上一个的I thought her last book was one of the best.2. lay(v)将某物或某人置于某位置Please lay the book on the table.(指鸟、虫等)产(卵)The hens are not laying well at the moment.3. leave (n) 假期 a sick leave(v)离开He left his hometown two years ago.使…处于某种状态Leave the door open.忽略或未拿、未带某物I’ve left my gloves on the bus.4. lesson(n)功课The first lesson in driving is how to start the car. 一节课My yoga lesson begins at 8pm.教训 ,经验,榜样Let this be a lesson to you never to play with matches!5. lie(v) 平躺Don’t lie in bed all morning.位于The city lies in the east of China.撒谎He is lying! Don’t believe him.6. lift (v) 举起He can easily lift the heavy boy.(云或烟等)消散;The cloud will lift soon according to the weather report.(n) 电梯The office is on the sixth floor. Let’s take a lift.免费搭私人车I’ll give you a lift to the station.7. light(v)点燃He lit the candle.(n) 电灯Turn on the lights, please.灯光The light is too poor to read by.(a) 明亮的We like to study in a light room.浅色的I prefer light colors.轻的The coat is light and warm.易懂的I took some light reading for the train journey. light music 轻音乐(指睡眠)不沉的,不熟的Don’t make any noise—my mother is a very light sleeper.8. like(prep)像 He looks like his father.(v)喜欢 I like to chat with others.9. live(v)居住; Where do you live?过…样的生活He wants to live a peaceful life.(a) 活的There are lots of live fish in the small river.(ad) 现场直播地The match will be shown live by BBC.10. long (a) 长的This is a long story.(v) long for渴望 The children are longing for holidays.11. lose(v)失去She’s just lost her husband.遗失I’ve lost my key.输,失败We lost the match at last although we tried our best.M1. mad (a) 疯狂的You must be mad to drive so fast.对某事、某人极感兴趣He’s mad about pop music.2. make(v)制造Can you make a model car?做He is good at making cake.强迫They made me repeat the story.(n)牌子Cars of all makes can be seen in the street.制造This is a coat of excellent make.(做工精致的)3. master (v) 掌握It’s useful to master a foreign language.(n) 主人;Master硕士;艺术大师4. match(v) 与…相配The furniture and the room match perfectly.(n)比赛There will be a basketball match on TV tonight.火柴People don’t use matches quite often now.5. mind(v)介意Would you mind taking care of my dog?照看Mind my bike while I go into the shop.留神Mind the step!(n)思想,想法 change one’s mind come to mind make up one’s mind6. miss(v) 想念I miss my childhood a lot.错过,未赶上He missed the meeting because of the bad weather.未击中He shot the basket but he missed.7. monitor(n) 班长;显示器8. mouse(n) 鼠标;老鼠N1. name (v)命名 He named his son after the hero.(n)名字 His name is Jack.2. national(a)国家的;民族的3. nobody (pron) 没有人,谁也不Nobody is in the room. It is empty.(n)渺小人物He was just a nobody before he became a manager.4. note (n)便条,笔记He asked his students to take notes carefully.注释This is a new book with a lot of notes.钞票 a 5-pound note(v)记下note something down5. notice(v) 注意到I noticed he left early.(n) 通知 Put up the notice and let everyone know it.6. nurse (n) 护士; 保姆(v) 看护O1. once (ad)一次I’ve only been there once.曾经I once met your mother.(conj) 一旦Once you understand the rule, you will have no further difficulty.2. order (n) 顺序Put everything in order.定单,定货He gave his order to the waiter.(v)命令We ordered him to leave.定购,定做,预定I have ordered a new table from the shop.3. over(prep)在…之上They held a large umbrella over her.横越There is a bridge over the river.(ad)结束The meeting was over an hour ago.…多There are over 1000 people in the village.P1. paper(n)纸张Paper was invented in ancient China.报纸 Have you seen today’s paper?试卷The history paper was really easy.2. park (n) 公园 There is a chocolate theme park in Beijing.(v) 停放Don’t park the car in this street.3.party (n) 聚会 I am looking forward to the party.政党When did you join the Party?5. pass(v) 传递Will you please pass me the book on the desk?通过He passed me but said nothing.打发时间 pass the time6. past(a) 结束的Winter is past and spring has come.(prep)过… What time is it? It a quarter past twelve.走过某处 He walked past me and say nothing. 7.patient(n) 病人The doctor is looking after the patient. (a) 耐心的 Be patient! He is only a child.8.pay(v) 付钱,给…报酬 He paid the bill and left.(n) 工资 He gets his pay each Thursday. 9. pick(v) 拾起He picked the pen up and gave it to the teacher.挑选He picked the biggest apple and passed it to his mother.采,摘You’d better not pick the flowers in the garden.10.place(n) 地点This is a famous place.(v)放置Place the book on the table.11.plant(n) 植物 What is the name of the plant?(v)种植They taught the boy how to plant trees.12. plate(n) 盘子I always wash the plates after dinner.牌The number-plate on the car is 1068.13. play(v) 玩; 播放 Please don’t play the music so loudly.(n) 戏剧My mother likes watching TV plays best.14. poor(a)穷的 He is very poor but he is very happy.(a) 差的I am poor in English.15. pound(n)英镑;How much is it? 200 pounds. That’s too expensive.(n)磅Two pounds of apples, please.16.present(n)礼物I always receive many presents on my birthday.现在,目前At present we are having a break.(a) 出席的;How many people were present at the meeting?(v)将某物赠与某人He presented a gold medal to the winner.17.pretty(a)漂亮的 She is very pretty.(ad) 相当地 He draws pretty well.18.push (v) 推动 Don’t push: wait before you get on the bus.(n) 推进,促进 They gave the car a push.R1. race (n) 比赛,赛跑 He won the 100-meter race at last.(v)进行速度竞赛 I’ll race you to school.2. raise(v) 举起,提起 Please raise your hand if you want to say something(v) 召集或集结(某事物)The volunteers hold a party to raise money for the poor children.3. reach (v)到达We reached the station in time and caught the train.伸手够到The apple is too tall for the girl to reach.达到Finally they reached an agreement.4. reason (n) 理由,原因 This is the reason why he was late.(v) 推理5. receive (v)收到We received the letter at the end of the month.招待He was received as an honored visitor.6. record (n) 唱片I am looking forward to getting a latest record of Taylor Swift.记录 He hopes to break a record in London in 2012.7. rest(v) 休息 It’s time to rest for a while.(n) 休息 It’s time to have a rest.剩余部分Tonight I’ll have enough time to watch the rest of the film.8. return(v) 返回He returned to his hometown in 1999.归还Please return the book to me as soon as possible.9. rice (n) 水稻 Rice is grown in the south.米饭 I had some rice and fish for lunch.10. rich(a) 富有的 He is very rich but he is very unhappy.丰富的Chinese is a very rich language. I’m sure you’ll fall in love with it.11. ride(v) 骑Can you ride a horse?(n) 乘骑,乘坐,搭乘We went for a ride in her new car.12. right(a) 右边的 Show me your right hand.正确的You are right. I am really from Shenyang.(n) 右边 On the right you can see the museum.(n) 权利You have no right to do that.13. ring(n) 戒指,环形物She loves her wedding ring very much.(v) 发出清晰响亮的声音 (尤指铃声)The bell is ringing. Let’s hurry.14. room(n) 房间--Which room do you like? – The one on the left.空间Who can make room for this old man?15. row(n) 排He is in Row One.(v)划We rowed the boat happily.16. rule(n) 规则You must obey the rules.(v) 统治He ruled the country and people all loved him.17. run(v) 跑步Every day we practice running on the playground.经营He ran the company successfully.S1. save(v) 拯救The doctor saved the patient in the end.节约We must try our best to save water.2.serve (v) 为…服务He served in the army.送上,端上What time is breakfast served in this hotel.3. set(v) 放,放于某处Set your heavy bag down here.安置,放好Set the table for dinner.制定,确定,建立He set a new world record.专心,倾注The child has set his heart on it. I’ve set my mind on it.(太阳)下沉,落下 In the winter the sun sets early .使成为I open the cage and set the bird free.使开始Your words have set me thinking.set (n) 一组,一套 a set of tools装备 a TV set(a) 固定的,安排好的I have to study at set hours each day.4.shop(v) 购物I shopped for some clothes, but I couldn’t find anything.(n) 商店Where is the shop? It’s over there.5. short (a) 矮的,短的The boy is too short to reach the box.That ruler is not long enough. It’s a bit short.
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