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48个音标知识学习介绍(整理修改).doc

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48 音标 知识 学习 介绍 整理 修改
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\\一、 长元音/i:/ 外号“长衣音”词汇拓展:we /wi:/ she /ʃ i:/ meet /mi:t/ each/i: tʃ/ eat /i:t/ me /mi:/ green /gri:n/ 对应的字母:e-Chinse ei-recve ie-belve ee-fling ea-plse实用操练:1.Speaking English is a piece of cake. 2.Seeing is believing. 3.Please feel free to visit anytime.二、短元音/ɪ/ 外号“短衣音”词汇拓展:sit [sɪt] big [bɪg] visit [ˈvɪzɪt] six [sɪks] list [lɪst] trip [trɪp]对应的字母:i-vst u-bsy y-prett e-English ui-bld 实用操练:1. Where there is a will, there is a way. 2.I’m pretty busy.三、元音/e/ 外号“45度”音词汇拓展:bed /bed/ head /hed/ many /menɪ/ any/enɪ/ pen /pen/ egg /eg/ let/let/对应的字母: e- bd ea- hd a-mny实用操练:1.Better late than never. 2.East or west, home is best.四、音标/æ/ 外号“90度大嘴音”词汇拓展:plan /plæn/ glad /glæd/ stand /stænd/ bag/bæg/ cat /kæt/ hat /hæt/对应的字母: a-pple实用操练:1.I have a happy family. 2. Not bad.五、音标/ɜ:/ 外号“重读卷舌音”词汇拓展:her /hɜ:/ girl /gɜ:l/ nurse /nɜ:s/ worker/ˈwɜ:kə(r)/ first /fɜ:st/ learn /lɜ:n/对应的字母: er-pref ir-dty or-wld ur-ht 实用操练:1. Nobody is perfect. 2.The early bird catches the worm.六、音标/ə/ 外号“短鹅音”词汇拓展:teacher [ˈti:tʃə(r)] driver [ˈdraɪvə(r)] doctor [ˈdɒktə(r)] actor [ˈæktə(r)]sister [ˈsɪstə(r)] brother [ˈbrʌðə(r)]对应的字母: er-dinn or-doct u-sppose a-lone o-intrduce实用操练:1. The faster, the better. 2.What’s the matter with you?七、音标/ɑ:/词汇拓展:car /kɑ:/ start/stɑ:t/ father/ˈfɑ:ðə(r)/ farm/fɑ:m/ half /hɑ:f/对应的字母: a-watch ear-heart ar-far uar-guard ar-car实用操练:1. So far, so good. 2.Times are hard.八、元音/ ʌ/ 外号 “短啊音”词汇拓展:cup [kʌp] brother [ˈbrʌðə(r)] young [jʌŋ] us [ʌs] fun [fʌn] mother [ˈmʌðə(r)]对应的字母:o-lve u-fn oo-bld ou-engh实用操练:1.Seven is my lucky number. 2. Something is better than nothing.九、音标/ɔ:/ 外号“中嘴卷舌音”词汇拓展:short [ʃɔ:t] more [mɔ:] four[fɔ:] floor [flɔ:] call[kɔ:] sport[spɔ:t]对应的字母:or-sht ore-more our-four oor-door ar-wm 实用操练:1.It’s important to practice more. 2.Force yourself to do more.十、音标/ɒ/ 外号“中嘴短元音” 词汇拓展:dog [dɒg] wrong [rɒŋ] watch [wɒtʃ] hot [hɒt] boss [bɒs] shop [ʃɒp]对应的字母: o-dg a-watch实用操练:1.My boss feels hot and goes to the shop.十一、音标/U:/ 外号“长乌音”词汇拓展:zoo [zu:] who [hu:] ruler [ˈru:lə(r)] blue [blu:] you [ju] room [ru:m]对应的字母:oo-z u-rler oe-sh ue-bl o-imprve ui-frt ou-rte实用操练:1. You look cool. 2. The color of the room is blue.十二、音标/ʊ/ 外号“短乌音”词汇拓展:put [pʊt] book [bʊk] would [wʊd] woman [ˈwʊmən] good [gʊd] could [kʊd]对应的字母:u-pt oo-bk o-wman ou-cld实用操练:1.You mother is a good woman.十三、音标/eɪ/ 外号“嘴角咧到耳朵上音”词汇拓展:face [feɪs] cake [keɪk] play [pleɪ] they [ðeɪ] eight [eɪt] great [greɪt] game [geɪm]对应的字母:a-amzing ay-p ai-afrd实用操练:1.No pain, no gain. 2. Don’t make the same mistakes.十四、音标/aɪ/ 外号“大嘴阿姨音”词汇拓展:hi [haɪ] my [maɪ] bye [baɪ] eye [aɪ] high [haɪ] like [laɪk] 对应字母:a-lfe y-cr ie-p uy-b实用操练:1.Never say die! Try! Try! Try! 2. Don’t be shy. Just try.十五、音标/ɔɪ/ 外号“中嘴短衣音”词汇拓展:boy [bɔɪ] toy [tɔɪ] coin[kɔɪn] join [dʒɔɪn] noise [nɔɪz] enjoy [ɪnˈdʒɔɪ]对应的字母:oy-b oi-cn实用操练:1. The boy hopes you join the club and enjoy it.十六、音标/əʊ/ 外号“舀水音”词汇拓展:no [nəʊ] know [nəʊ] coat[kəʊt] only[ˈəʊnli] old [əʊld] photo [ˈfəʊtəʊ]对应的字母:o-hpe oa-gal ow-kn ou-sl实用操练:1.You are my only hope. 2.There is no place like home.十七、音标/aʊ/ 外号“鬼哭狼嚎合口双元音”词汇拓展:out [aʊt] now [naʊ] brown [braʊn] house [haʊs] found [faʊnd]对应的字母: ow-h ou-hse实用操练:1.There is no doubt about it. 2. Get out of my house right now.十八、音标/ɪə/ 外号“短衣卷舌音”词汇拓展:here [hɪə(r)] ear [ɪə(r)] dear [dɪə(r)] idea [aɪˈdɪə] clear [klɪə(r)]对应的字母: ere-here ea-idea ear-clear实用操练:1. He has a clear idea about beer.十九、音标/eə/ 外号“咧嘴卷舌音”词汇拓展:hair [heə(r)] there [ðeə(r)] their [ðeə(r)] fair [feə(r)] chair [tʃeə(r)]对应的字母:air-hair ere-there are-share eir-their实用操练:1. Where there is a will, there is a way.二十、音标/ʊə/ 外号“短乌卷舌音”实用操练:poor/pʊə(r)/ sure [ʃʊə(r)] pure[pʊə(r)] tour[tʊə(r)] cure[kʊə(r)]对应的字母:oor-poor ure-sure实用操练:1. I’m not sure about the tour.二十一、双唇爆破辅音/p/ 外号“气破双唇音”词汇拓展:pen[pen] happy [ˈhæpi] keep [ki:p] pencil [ˈpensl] person [ˈpɜ:sn]实用操练:1.Practice makes perfect. 2.The person is happy to buy one pen and two penscils.二十二、双唇爆破辅音/b/ 词汇拓展:bus [bʌs] bed [bed] boy [bɔɪ] book [bʊk] bag [bæg] ball [bɔ:l] brother [ˈbrʌðə(r)]实用操练:1.The boy likes the ball、bag、bus and books.特别注意不发音的b:出现在字母m后时,b通常不发音:climb [klaɪm] comb [kəʊm] bomb [bɒm] thumb [θʌm]二十三、音标/t/ 外号“舌尖齿龈弹气音”词汇拓展:let /let/ tall [tɔ:l] letter [ˈletə(r)] little [ˈlɪtl] meet [mi:t] talk [tɔ:k]实用操练:1. I feel a little bit better today. 2. Try harder next time.二十四、音标/d/ 外号“舌尖齿龈弹气音” 词汇拓展:dog [dɒg] child [tʃaɪld] death[deθ] good [gʊd] bed [bed] kind [kaɪnd]实用操练:1.A friend in need is a friend indeed.二十五、音标/k/ 外号“气破舌根软腭音”词汇拓展:kite [kaɪt] back [bæk] cat [kæt] book [bʊk] desk [desk] clock [klɒk]实用操练:1. The kite and book are in the desk.二十六、音标/g/ 外号“气破舌根软腭音”词汇拓展:go /gəʊ/ egg [eg] good [gʊd] game [geɪm] get [get] great [greɪt]实用操练:1.Let’s give him a big hand. 2. That’s a good idea.二十七、音标/m/ 外号“双唇闭嘴鼻音”词汇拓展:man [mæn] time [taɪm] more [mɔ:(r)] meet [mi:t] math [mæθ] market [ˈmɑ:kɪt]实用操练:1. Men make mistakes. 2. Money will come and go.二十八、音标/n/ 外号“舌尖齿龈开口鼻音”词汇拓展:no [nəʊ] eleven [ɪˈlevn] know [nəʊ] name [neɪm] need [ni:d] new [nju:]实用操练:1. No news is good news. 2. He sure is a pain in the neck.二十九、音标/ŋ/ 外号“舌后软腭撒娇鼻音”词汇拓展:think [θɪŋk] sing [sɪŋ] ring [rɪŋ] morning[ˈmɔ:nɪŋ] thing [θɪŋ] thank [θæŋk]实用操练:1. Thank you for everything.三十、音标/f/ 外号“咬唇音”词汇拓展:few [fju:] photo [ˈfəʊtəʊ] father [ˈfɑ:ðə(r)] floor [flɔ:(r)] found [faʊnd]实用操练:1. Life is beautiful, but is not always sweet. 2.How are you feeling ? I feel fine.三十一、音标/v/ 外号“咬唇音”词汇拓展:very[ˈveri] seven [ˈsevn] five [faɪv] video [ˈvɪdiəʊ] movie [ˈmu:vi] over [ˈəʊvə(r)]实用操练:1. Can you give me some advice? 2. He lives a very active life.三十二、半元音/w/ 外号 “圆唇突出短我音”词汇拓展:we [wi] what [wɒt] want [wɒnt] where [weə(r)] when [wen] well [wel]实用操练:1.Where there is a will, there is a way. 2.Don’t give up. We’ll always be with you.三十三、音标/s/ 外号“气通舌尖齿龈音”词汇拓展:sit [sɪt] class [klɑ:s] yes [jes] nice [naɪs] school [sku:l] sun [sʌn] star [stɑ:(r)]实用操练:1. The sun and star are nice. 2.Don’t be so tense.三十四、音标/z/ 外号“气通舌尖齿龈音词汇拓展:zoo [zu:] is [ɪz] eggs [egz] whose [hu:z] busy [ˈbɪzi] those [ðəʊz]实用操练:Business is business.三十五、音标/ʃ/ 外号“舌端齿龈气擦音”词汇拓展: she [ʃi] sure [ʃʊə(r)] fish [fɪʃ] wish [wɪʃ] short [ʃɔ:t] 实用操练:She loves fish and wish to eat.三十六、音标/θ/ 外号“咬舌音”词汇拓展:thank [θæŋk] month [mʌnθ] mouth [maʊθ] thing [θɪŋ] three [θri:]实用操练:Nothing is more important than staying healthy.三十七、音标/ð/ 外号“咬舌音”词汇拓展:that [ðæt] these [ði:z] those [ðəʊz] father [ˈfɑ:ðə(r)] there [ðeə(r)]实用操练:That person over there is my father.三十八、音标/ts/词汇拓展:hats [hæts] pets[pets] facts [fækts] 实用操练:The hats and pets are beautiful.三十九、音标/dz/词汇拓展:beds [bedz] cards[kɑ:dz] kinds [kaɪndz] deeds [di:dz] words [wɜ:dz]实用操练:His deeds don’t agree with his words.四十、音标/ h/ 外号“大口喘气音”词汇拓展: he [hi] who [hu:] hope [həʊp] happy [ˈhæpi] home [həʊm]实用操练:He has a happy home.四十一、半元音/ j/ 外号“双唇扁平短爷音”词汇拓展:year [jɪə(r)] your [jɔ:(r)] young [jʌŋ] yesterday [ˈjestədeɪ] lawyer [ˈlɔ:jə(r)]实用操练:The young lawyer is your father.四十二、半元音/ r/ 外号“四指卷舌音”词汇拓展:red [red] right[raɪt] wrong[rɒŋ] room [ru:m] run [rʌn] ruler [ˈru:lə(r)]实用操练:You are right. I am wrong.四十三、舌边辅音/ ǀ/ 词汇拓展:leg [leg] blue [blu:] place [pleɪs] tell [tel] lead [li:d] like [laɪk] 实用操练:I tell him I like blue.四十四、音标/tr/词汇拓展:tree [tri:] truck [trʌk] try [traɪ] true [tru:] travel [ˈtrævl] trouble [ˈtrʌbl]实用操练:Never trouble trouble till trouble troubles you.四十五、音标/dr/词汇拓展:dress [dres] drink [drɪŋk] draw [drɔ:] dream [dri:m] drive [draɪv]实用操练:My dream is to have a dress.四十六、音标/ʒ/ 外号“舌端齿龈气擦音”词汇拓展:usually [ˈju:ʒuəli] decision [dɪˈsɪʒn] pleasure [ˈpleʒə(r)] measure [ˈmeʒə(r)]实用操练:I usually make a decision by myself.四十七、音标/tʃ/ 外号“气冲舌尖齿龈音”词汇拓展:child [tʃaɪld] teach [ti:tʃ] picture [ˈpɪktʃə(r)] culture [ˈkʌltʃə(r)] church [tʃɜ:tʃ] touch [tʌtʃ]实用操练:Don’t touch the head of a child.四十八、音标/dʒ/ 外号“舌端齿龈气擦音”词汇拓展:just [dʒʌst] age [eɪdʒ] joke [dʒəʊk] imagine [ɪˈmædʒɪn] orange [ˈɒrɪndʒ] large [lɑ:dʒ]实用操练:I can’t imagine a large orange.
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