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新概念英语第一册完整学习笔记.pdf

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1 Welcome:希望我可以成为你们新概念一册的最后一任老师 补充材料第一册 Unit One 5= 7= V= F= T= Q= W= E= C= N= A= Z=  With this faith ,we will be able to work together, to pray together,to struggle together ,maybe go to jail together .Knowing this ,we will be free one day. 伴随着这 个信仰 ,我们将一起工作 ,一起祈祷 ,一起努力 ,或者一起去地狱 ,知道了这些 ,我们 将获得自由 faith [] n.信任 , 信念 , 宗教信仰 , 忠实 , 保证 , 诺言 , 约定 pray [] v.祈祷 , 恳求 , 请 struggle [] n.竞争 ,努力 ,奋斗 vi.努力 ,奋斗 ,挣扎 vt.尽力使得 ,使劲移动 jail [] n.监狱 vt.监禁 英文中有 26 个字母 A [] B [] C [] D [] E [] F [] G [] H [] I [] J [] K [] L [] M [] N [] O [] P [] Q [] R [] S [] T [] U [] V [] W [] X []Y [] Z [] [] 五个元音字母 : A E I O U 字母歌: ABCD EFG HIJK LMN OPQ RST UVW XYZ,XYZ now you see, I can say my ABC 英文中有 48 个音标 元音( 20 个): 单元音 :前元音 [] [] [] [] 中元音 [][][] 后元音 [] [] [] [] [] 双元音: 辅音( 28 个): 清辅音: [][][] 爆破音: [p] [b] [t] [d] [k] [g] [p] [t] [k] [θ] [s] [ts] [] [t] [tr] [f] [h] 浊辅音: [][][] 鼻音 : [m] [n] [] [b] [d] [g] [] [z] [dz] [] [d] [dr] [v] [m] [n] [] [l] [r] 半元音: [w] [ j ] 前元音有 4 个: [][][][] []bee 蜜蜂 tea 茶 pea 扁豆 key 钥匙 see 看见 three 三 [bi:] [ti:] [pi:] [ki:] [si:] [] 舌尖抵下齿龈,但不要抵得太紧。略略扁唇,像微笑的口型。发音时间可持续的长些。注意: [i:]和 汉语的 衣 不一样,要扁唇,舌尖不要紧贴下齿龈。 [] big 大的 city 城市 with 和 family 家,家庭 happy 快乐的,愉快的,高兴的 little 小 的 [] [] [] [] [] [] 先发 [i:]音,在此基础上稍作变动即可发出 [i]音,变动一:嘴角收小一点,但仍是扁唇;变动二:舌尖不要紧贴下 齿龈,但仍靠近下齿龈, [i]开口程度比 [i:]大,比 [e]小 2 []bed 床 beg 乞求 red 红色的 men 男人(复数) never 从来不 very 非常 [] [] [] [] [] [] 舌尖抵 下齿龈,不要抵的太紧,口略开,不扁唇,口型自然放松,开口程度:上下齿之间可放一个食指尖 []bad 坏的 bag 包 dad 爸爸 man 男人,人类 back 后部,背部 cat 猫 hat 帽 子 [d] [] [] [] [] [] [] 舌尖抵下齿龈,双唇尽量向两边张开,嘴角肌肉感到紧张,开口程度大,上下齿之间可以容纳食指和中指交叠起来 的宽 度 舌尖略略伸出,放在上下齿之间,轻触上齿,气流从上齿和舌尖之间流出 清辅音 [] 浊辅音 [] 舌尖抵下齿龈,但不要贴紧,气流由舌尖和下齿之间流出 清辅音 [] 浊辅音 [] 上齿轻放在下齿上,但不要咬唇,气流由上齿和下齿之间冲出 清辅音 [] 浊辅音 [] 以 th 打头的单词一般是发 []、 [] 经典口语 : 1. a bad apple 一个坏苹果 -坏蛋,惹麻烦,不诚实的人 2. big apple 大苹果 -纽约的别称 3. a fat cat 肥猫 -大款 ,暴发户(贬义) 4. a hot potato 棘手的问题 5. a bird in the hand is worth two in bush.[]n.矮树丛 双鸟在林,不如一鸟在手 6. A friend in need is a friend indeed. 患难之交才是真朋友 7. God helps those who help themselves. 天助自助者 地道情景表达 : Hi!/Hello!/Hullo!/How do you do?(初次见面用 ) (Good) morning/afternoon/evening! How are you?/How are you going?/How are you all keeping?你们好吗? Fine/well. Thank you. And you?/What about you?/How about you? Not too bad!/Pretty [i]adj.漂亮的 good!/Couldn't []be better!/Just so-so./I'm just my oldself! 还不坏! /非常好! /好的不能 再好了! /凑合吧! /我还是老样子! Nice/Glad/Pleased to see/meet you! meet 强调第一次见面 see 强调第二次见面,老朋友见面。 Nice to see you, too./Same here. 见到你也很高兴!我也很高兴! It's my pleasure/honor to see you!见到你很荣幸。 Haven't seen you for ages/for a long time. Long time no see.很久都没有见你了。 pretty [] adj.漂亮的 , 可爱的 , 优美的 , 机灵的 , 恰当的 pleasure [] n.愉快 , 快乐 , 乐事 , 乐趣 , 意志 , 愿望 honor [] n.尊敬 , 敬意 , 荣誉 , 光荣 vt.尊敬 , 给以荣誉 age [] n.年龄 ,成年 ,使用年限 ,时代 v.变老 ,上年纪 ,成熟 3 Lesson one Excuse me ! New words: excuse [] vt.原谅 , 申辩 , 做为 .的托辞 , 为 .免去 n.饶恕 , 致歉 ,理由 me [mi:] pron. 我(宾格) yes [jes] adv. 是的 is [iz] v. be 动词现在时第三人称单数 be 动词 :am is are 最基本 ―是 ‖ I am ;she/he/it is ;you/we/they are 第一人称 :I(we) ;二 :you ;三 he(she it) This (is) [] pron. 这 your [] possessive adjectiven.[语 ]所有格形容词 你的 ,你们的 possessive [] adjective [] handbag [] n.(女用)手提包 pardon [] int. 原谅,请再说一遍 ( I beg your pardon) it pron. 它 thank you 感谢你(们) very much 非常地 Excuse me 用法: 1、引起对方注意时 2、在某个聚会中突然中途要离开一会儿时 (Excuse us for a moment ,please) 3、向陌生人问路时 4、在发生一个简单的 不算太错的错误时 sorry 对不起,用于对别人有伤害时 人称代词 主格 宾格 形容词性物主代词 (谁的 ?) 名词性物主代词 放在句首做主语 放在动词或介词后面 不能单独使用 只能单独使用 我 I me my mine 他 he him his his 她 she her her hers 它 it it its its 你(们) you you your Yours 他们 they them their theirs 我们 us our our ours 语法 : 含有 be 动词的简 单的陈述句,否定句,一般疑问句。 This is my handbag. 这是我的手提包。肯定句 ,陈述一个事实 (主语是名词或代词 ;动词做谓语 ) * 含有 be 动词的句子如果变否定句,就是在 be 动词后面加 not This is not my handbag. 这不是我的手提包。 * 含有 be 动词的句子,如果变成一般疑问句,就是把 be 动词提到句子的前面,大写 This is not (isn‘t) your handbag. 这不是你的手提包 4 Is this your handbag? 这 是你的手提包吗 ? Yes ,it is 是 No ,it isn‘t 不是 Not [] adv. 不 no [] n.否定 , 投反对票者 adj.没有 , 不许 , 反对 adv.不 , 并不 , 毫不 Lesson Two Is this your ? New words: pen [pen] 钢笔 pencil [pensl] 铅笔 book [buk] 书本 watch [] 手表 coat [] 上衣 dress [] 连衣 裙 skirt [] 短裙 shirt [] 衬衣 car [] 小汽车 house [] 房子 exercise [] n.练习 ,习题 ,训练 ,锻炼 ,演习 v.训练 ,锻炼 vt.行使 ,使担扰 Written exercise: Excuse me !Yes ?Is this your book(pen,watch,car) ?No ,it isn’ t,This isn’ t my book ,this is your bok Life is happier if it is full of pretty people. 生命是非常美好的,如果生活中充满了非常有趣的人的话。 Life is just a field of newly fallen snow, and where you choose to walk every step will show. 人生就像刚刚下过雪的一片田野,你从哪里选择走路,你的每一个脚印都会显现出来。 field [fi:ld] n.原野 , 旷野 , 领域 vt.把 (谷物等 )暴晒于场上 vi.担任场外队员 newly [] adv.重新 , 最近 , 以新的方式 choose [] v.选择 , 选定 step [] n.脚步 , 步幅 , 步调 , 步伐 , 步骤 , 措施 , 梯级 , 台阶 show [] n.表示 , 展览 , 炫耀 , 外观 , 假装 v.出示 , 指示 , 引导 , 说明 Lesson Three Sorry, sir. New words: umbrella [] n.伞 please [] int.请 here [] adv.这里 常用的地点 副词 : 这些地点副词的前面不能加介词 here 这里 ,是地点副词 (在英语中 ,时间副词和地点副词前不能加介词 ,方式副词使用最多 ) there[]那儿 home[] 家 abroad[] 国外 go abroad (出国 ) downstairs[] 楼底下 upstairs[] 楼上 downtown[] 市中心 5 时间副词 地点副词 时间副词和地点副词前不能加介词 副词分为 方式副词 程度副词 频率 副词 my [] possessive adjective 我的 ticket [] n.票 number [] n.号码 five [] num.五 sorry [] adj.对不起的 sir [] n.先生 cloakroom [] n.衣帽存放处 here is 是简单的倒装句 be 动词放在 here 的后面,这个句式就可以成为简单的倒装句式。 This is my ticket .这是我的票 My ticket is here. 我的票在这。 Here is my ticket. Here's my ticket.我的票在这儿 one 一 two 二 three 三 four 四 five 五 six 六 seven 七 eight 八 nine 九 ten 十 eleven 十一 twelve 十二 thirteen 十三 fourteen 十四 fifteen 十五 sixteen 十六 seventeen 十七 eighteen 十八 nineteen 十九 twenty 二十 三十 thirty 四十 forty 五十 fifty 六十 sixty 七十 seventy 八十 eighty 九十 ninety 百 hundred 千 thousand [] 万 ten thousand 祈使句 :My umbrella and my coat please. 省略了动词和间接宾语的祈使句。 由一个动词原形开头的句子就是祈使句。 Number=No. number 加数字一般在后面 Madam [] 女士 ,夫人 Mr. [] 先生 Mrs. 夫人 Miss 小姐 guy [] 家伙 人 male [] 男性 female [] 女性 man [] 男人 woman [] 女人 lady [] 女士 gentleman [] 绅士 boy [] 男孩 girl [] 女孩 Lady first 女士优先 sir [] 先生 Miss 既不愿被称为已婚也不愿被称为未婚的女性 mister:加在男性的姓氏前面 Mr. 和 Madam 对有职务的男性或女性的称呼 sir: polite form used in addressing a man especially in a shop or by children talking to male 6 teachers 对男性一种比较有礼貌的称呼或学生对男性老师的一种称呼或下级对上级的称呼 gentleman 绅士,对男性比较有礼貌的称呼,在公众场合最得体的称呼 guy 在美国英语中对男性一种不正式的称呼,家伙 boy 在美语中不正式的称呼 Laugh ,and the world laughs with you ;Weep,and you weep alone 当你笑的时候世界与你同欢笑 ,当你哭泣的时候 ,你只有独自哭泣 laugh [] vi.笑 , 讥笑 n.笑 , 笑声 weep [] n.哭 , 哭泣 , 滴下 vi.哭泣 , 流泪 , 哀悼 , 滴落 vt.哭着使 .,悲叹 , 滴下 alone [] adj.单独的 , 独一无二的 , 孤独的 , 独 自的 adv.独自地 Text: Mister Black 布莱克先生 What can I do for you, sir? 我能为你做什么呢?先生 My coat and my umbrella please. ← 省略了 give me 的祈使句 Here is my ticket. Thank you, sir. Number five. Here's your umbrella and your coat. This is not my umbrella. Sorry, sir. Is this your umbrella? No, it isn't. Is this it? (it 作为物,可以代替大家都知道的物体单数或前面已经提到避免重复 This is it. Is it this?) Yes, it is. Thank you very much. suit [] n.一套衣服 school [] n.学校 teacher [] n.老师 son [] n.儿子 daughter [] n.女儿 3 个中元音 [][][] 一般以舌的中部来发音 [] work 工作 girl 女孩 nurse 护士 first 首先,第一 dirty 脏的 bird 小鸟 [] [] [] [] [] [] 舌尖卷起来,停在口腔中央,不要贴在任何部位上。双唇撅起来,但不要太用力,气流由舌面和硬腭之间流出 [] around 环绕,围 绕 o'clock 点钟 driver 司机 arrive 到达 forget 忘记 famous 著名 的 [] [] [] [] [] [] [] cut 剪切 nut 坚果 country 国家,乡村 color 颜色 must 必须 under 在„下 mother 母 亲 [] [] [] [] [] [] [] 7 经典口语 : 1. lose one‘s shirt 丧失某人的财产 2. keep one‘s shirt on 耐着性子不发火 3. eat like a bird 形容吃得很少 4. a small potato 小人物 5. a big potato 大人物 potato [] n.马铃薯 6. the early bird catches the worm 早起的鸟儿有虫吃 ---捷足先登 [] n.虫 7. kill two bird with one stone. 一石二鸟 8. two heads are better than one. 两人智慧胜一人 地道情景表达 : See you (soon/later/next time/… ) Good night./Goodbye./Bye-bye It‘s nice to see you . How time flies! I have to be going now. I must go off / be off / be leaving I suppose I‘d better go . I‘m really enjoying meeting you . It‘s a pleasure to be with you here , but… I can‘t believe that time has come to say goodbye to you . Thank you for all you‘ve done for me . Let‘s keep in touch ./ Don‘t forget to drop me a line . All the best to you . /Remember me to your … .(某人 :mother father sister… ) We must get together again soon . suppose [] vt.推想,假设,猜想 vi.料想 really [] adv. 真正地,实在地 pleasure [`] n.愉快,快乐,乐事,乐趣 together [] adv.共同 , 一起 , 合起来 , 集拢地 remember [] vt.回忆起 , 铭记 , 纪念 vi.记得 again [] adv.又 , 再次 , 此外 , 再一次 touch [] n.触觉,接触,联系 vt.接触 vi.接触 drop [] v.滴下 , 落下 n.落下 , 下降 辅音音标 爆破音 [] pea 豌豆 pat 轻拍 pair 一对一双 pet 宠物 help 帮助 hope 希望 [] [] [] [] [] [] 双唇闭拢,呈不说话状态 ,然后气流由双唇冲出,要送气,不要吹气 [] bee 蜜蜂 bat 蝙蝠 ,球棒 bear 熊 ,负担 bet 打赌 lab 实验室 buy 购买 [] [] [] [] [] [] [p]和 [b]发音部位完全相同,唯一的区别是 [p]是清辅音 [b]是浊辅音 [] tie 带子 ,鞋带 tear 流泪 let 假设 tall 高的 fat 肥胖 that 那 ,那个 [] [] [] [] [] [] 舌尖抵上齿龈,气流由舌尖和上齿龈之间冲出,同时舌尖迅速离开上齿龈 [] die 死亡 dear 亲爱的 lead 领导 bad 恶劣 glad 高兴的 down 向下的 [] [] [] [] [] [] [t]是清辅音,声带不振动, [d]是浊辅音,声带要振动 [] pick 摘 ,掘 ,拾取 back 后面的 mark 标志 cook 厨师 lake 湖 kind 种类 8 [] [] [] [] [] [] 开口很大,舌后部抬高并紧贴软腭,然后突然离开,气流从舌后部和软腭之间流出 [] pig 猪 ,猪肉 bag 袋子 give 给 goat 山羊 beg 请求 girl 女孩 [] [] [] [] [] [] [k]是清辅音, [g]是浊辅音 1. during the dog days. 在这鬼天气里 2. get one‘s goat. 惹某人生气 /make sb. angry. 3. black and blue 青一块紫一块 4. as busy as a bee 像蜜蜂一样忙碌 —非常忙碌 5. a green hand 新手 6. rob Peter to pay Paul/ 拆了东墙补西墙 7. Every dog has his/its day. 凡人皆有得意日 everyone has his stage. 每个人都有他自己的舞台 语法小练习 : Fill in blanks with a /an 1. Stella is a student , and she student in a university . She is an American. 2. How many days are there in a year ? How many minutes are there in an hour ? 3. Our teacher is talking with an old man from France 4. There is an oil painting on the wall . university [] n.(综合 )大学 France [] n.法国 , 法兰西 oil [] n.油 , 石油 , 油类 vt.给 (机器等 )加油 , 上油 , 涂油 painting [] n.上油漆 , 着色 , 绘画 , 油画 v. 描绘 oil painting 油画 Fill in the blanks with is /am/ are /my /your /her /his / 1. I am a new student . My name is Allce . I am French 2. What nationality are you ? I am American . My brother is a teacher . His name is Mr. King . My aunt is an actress . Her name is Stella. 3. Sue is my sister . She is a nurse . She likes her job . 后元音 [] fast 快速的 card 卡片 park 公园 last 最后的 hard 硬的 dark 黑暗 , 夜 [] [] [] [] [] [] [] dog 狗 bottle 瓶子 boss 老板 shop 商店 got(获得 )get 的过去式 job 工作 [] [] [] [p] [] [] [] form 形式 door 门 talk 谈话 horse 马 before 在 … 之前 walk 行走 [] [] [] [] [] [] [] put 放置 good 好的 should 应该 book 书 cook 厨师 sugar 糖 [] [] [] [] [] [] [] mood 心情 food 食品 tooth 牙齿 move 移动 shoe 鞋子 school 学校 [] [] [] [] [] [] 经典口语: 1. get / feel hot under the collar 非常生气 [] 衣领 9 2. a lucky dog /live a dog‘s life 幸运儿 / 过着贫困潦倒的生活 3. love me ,love my dog 爱屋及乌 4. be blue in the face 非常沮丧 脸上突然变色 5. chewing gum 口香糖 [] [] 6. on top of the world 兴高采烈 非常开心 7. walls have ears 隔墙有耳 地道情景表达: 介绍 introduction I‘m name is … May I introduce myself ?/Allow me to introduce myself. I‘m pleased /honored to introduce myself 我很高兴做自我介绍 This is … Come and meet my friend 来认识一下我的朋友 May is introduce … to you ? 我可以把某人介绍给你吗? I‘d like you to know / meet … . 我想让你认识一下 . Sorry ,I don‘t think we‘ve met I wonder if you can tell me /let me know your name ? 我想知道你是否可以让我知道你的名字? Can /could you introduce yourself? Would you like to make yourself known to others ? 你能够做一下自我介绍吗? Sorry ,I didn‘t catch your name . Would you please tell me your name ? 很抱歉我没有听清楚你的名字,你能告诉我你的名字吗? 地道情景表达: 如何打破交流中的僵局: How to break the ice. ---Introduce a new topic of conversation 引出话题 By the way… I forget to mention that… 我 忘了说 … . ---Giving your responses during the talk. 交流中做出反应 You can smile ,nod your head and have the eye contacts. Also you can say like these: Good for you!(太好了) /Really ?/ You don‘t say!(你没说) / Yes ./ I think so ./I see ./ Please tell me more. Glad to hear that . Sorry be hear that. 听到这我很抱歉 ---Interruping 适时打断 I‘m sorry to disturb you, but may I ask a question? Let‘s be open here! 让我们开诚布公的谈 Can we have a chat before? 我们能提前了一下吗? 地道情景表达 电话实用句型 Telephone conversation: Hello,is that … .(speaking)? Here is … (speaking). Is … there ? … 在吗? This is … (speaking). Who‘s that. May I know who is calling ,please? 我能知道谁打电话吗? May I speak to /have a word with… ? 我可以和 … 讲话吗? I‘d like to speak to … 我想和 … 讲话。 Hello ,Can I help you? Whom do you want to speak to? 你想和谁讲话。 10 All right . Hold on please. 别挂 Sorry ,he / she isn‘t in. May I take a message for you? 我可以替你留个信儿吗? Would you like him to call you back? 你想让他给你回电话吗? Could you leave your number? 你能留下你的电话吗? Would you mind calling back later? 你介意待会儿再打过来吗? I‘ll tell him to ring back. 我会告诉 他打电话回来。 I‘m sorr ,there‘s no one here by the name. 抱歉,这里没有这个人 I‘m afraid you‘ve got / dialed the wrong number. 恐怕你打错电话了。 地道情景表达 表达时间的句式: Time on time in time in to time off and on What‘s the time (by your watch)? What time do you have? / What time is it? It‘s at … o‘clock.(past / to / half past) What‘s the date today? / What was the date yesterday? What day is it today? / What‘s the day today? It‘s time for … (名词 ) / It‘s time to … (动词) / It‘s time that… (从句) Time is limited / running out. I suppose it‘s about thime (that)… What‘s the business time of this bank? 这个银行几点开始营业? When sis the meeting? When does the meeting begin? 1. kill the time 消磨时间 2. cheat the journey 无聊的闲谈 []欺骗,骗取 [] 旅程,旅行 3. serve one right 某人应得的报应 4. A plain Jane. 普通 人 [] adj.普通的 5. make a noise in the world. 喧嚣一时 6. take it easy. 别着急,慢慢来 7. go Dutch AA 制 split the bill 各掏各的钱 AA 制 []分离 []账单 8. in Rome do as the Romans do 入乡随俗 9. Rome was not built in day 冰冻三尺非一日之寒 10. Don‘t count you chicken befor they‘re hatched. 不要过早的乐观 [] 孵化 地道情景表达: 道歉与回答 。 Apologies and replies: Sorry for being late. / I‘m sorry (that)… 很抱歉迟到了 很抱歉 … 了 I‘m awfully sorry for that ! 为此非常抱歉 Sorry to have taken up so much of you time. 很抱歉占了你这么多时间 Sorry to have given / brought you so much troble. 很抱歉带个你这么多麻烦 It‘s my fault. I apologize… 是我的错。 我道歉 I‘m apologize for that ! I do beg you pardon,sir / madame。 我请求你的原谅 11 Sorry,I didn‘t mean to… 我并不是这个意思 … . I promis that it won‘t happen again. 我保证这种事情不会再发生 I hope you‘re not upset with me. 我希望你不要 和我生气 It was wrong of me to… Replies It doesn‘t matter. / You‘re forgiven. 没关系 我原谅你了 That‘s quite all right . Forget it/ 那么,好了,没事,完了,小事一桩 Never mind. It can‘t be helped. 没关系这于事无补 [] my 我的 man 男人 mad 狂怒 me 我 home 住宅 famous 著名的 [] [] [] [] [] [] 气流由鼻腔流出,双唇闭拢,舌放平,呈自然不说话状态 [] no 不 need 十元金币 new 新的 hand 手 pen 钢笔 nose 鼻 [] [] [] [] [] [] 气流由鼻腔流出,舌尖抵上齿龈,呈开口 状态 [] sing 演唱 song 歌曲 thank 感谢 spring 春天 think 认为 bank 银行 [] [] [k] [] [] [] 中度开口唇形自然,舌在自然不说话位置上(很像发 [k]和 [g]的部位),注意 [n]的发音部位和 [h]不同, [n]需要舌尖抵上齿 龈 经典口语: 1. follow your nose 凭直觉走 2. be led your nose 牵着鼻子走 3. make one‘s mark 使某人出名 相当于: make sb. famous. 4. man-eater 食人兽;极有魅力的女子 ;疯婆子 lady killer 极有魅力的男子 5. money to burn 有很多钱 [] v. 烧,烧焦 n.烧伤 6. make one‘s mouth water 使某人垂涎三尺,使某人嫉妒 7. meet one‘s waterloo 惨遭失败 [] 滑 铁卢;惨遭失败 8. many hands make light work 人多力量多,众人拾柴火焰高 发双元音的要领: 两个元音要有主次之分,发音时前面重,后面轻,从第一个原因滑向第二个元音,要有口 型的变化。 [ai] [ei] [] [] price 价格 white 白色 quite 相当 ,完全 ride 骑 ,乘 fight 打架 mind 头脑 ,智 力 [] [(] [] [] [] [] [] hate 憎恨 waste 废物 game 游戏 snake 蛇 plate 盘子 shame 羞耻 [] [][] [] [] [] [] boy 男孩 soil 土壤 choice 选择 join 参加 noise 噪声 employ 雇用 [] [] [] [] [] [] 上齿要下唇 ,摩擦发音 ,声带不振动 [] five 无 life 生命 face 脸 fish 鱼 fame 名声 fate 命运 [] [] [] [] [] [] 上齿 咬下唇,摩擦发音 12 [] very 非常 visit 访问 every 每个的 vote 投票 victory 胜利 over 结束 [] [] [] [] [] [] 嘴形同上 ,声带振动 双齿紧闭 ,舌尖轻抵齿缝 ,摩擦发音 ,声带不振动 [] say 说 sorry 对不起 first 首先 advice 忠告 student 学生 school 学校 [] [] [] [] [] [] 双齿紧闭,舌尖轻抵齿缝,摩擦发音 [] zero 零点 zip 拉链 zoo 动物园 [] [] [] 嘴形同上 ,声带振动 [] think 想 mouth 口 thin 薄的 tooth 牙齿 thief 小偷 cloth 布 [] [] [] [] [] [] 舌尖轻咬 [] this 这个 those 那些 there 在那里 than 比 them 他们 clothes 衣服 [] [] [] [] [] [] 嘴形相同 ,声带振动 经典口语: 1. be left in the cold 被冷落 2. a bed of roses 非常开心 3. go bananas 发疯了 4. a black sheep 败家子 5. a piece of cake 小菜一碟 6. do it well or not at all 要做就做最好 7. look before you leap 三思而后行 [li:p] v. 跳跃 8. easier said than done 说起来容易做起来难 语音强化训练 [] how 方式 about 大约 mouse 鼠 hour 小时 loud 高声的 outside 外面 [] [] [] [] [] [] 口形由扁到圆 [] cold 寒冷 home 家 go 离去 post 邮件 goat 山羊 smoke 烟尘 [] [] [] [] [] [] [] she 她 shy 怕羞的 cash 现金 show 表示 short 短的 shore 岸 [] [] [] [] [] [] [] measure 尺寸 treasure 财宝 pleasure 愉快 usual 平常的 television 电视 decision 决定 [] [] [] [] [] [] [] happy 幸福的 have 有 hope 希望 horse 马 head 头 help 帮助 [] [] [] [] [] [] [] red 红色 rose 玫瑰 green 绿色 river 河 road 道路 right 正确,右 [] [] [] [] [] [] [] wait 等待 week 星期 water 水 west 西方 woman 妇女 weather 天气 [] [] [] [] [] [] [] yes 是 yellow 黄色 young 年轻的 your 你的 year 年 yesterday 昨天 [] [] [] [] [] [] 集中双元音 发音要领:每个元音都要体现出来,从第一个元音过渡,滑到第二个元音上,前重后轻。 13 [] near 在附近 here 在这里 dear 昂贵的 beer 啤酒 fear 恐怖 clear 清晰的 [] [] [] [] [] [] [] dare 挑战 care 注意 share 共享 pear 梨子 wear 穿,戴 hair 头发 [] [] [] [] [] [] []poor 贫穷的 sure 当然 tour 旅行 pure 纯的 usuall 平常的 European 欧洲人 [] [] [] [] [] [] 经典口语 : 1. better half 对丈夫或妻子的戏称 2. green thumb 在园艺技能方面比较擅长 thumb [] n.拇指 3. be all ears 全神贯注 ear [] n.耳朵 , 倾听 I am listening to you with all my ears. 4. be all thumbs 笨拙的 5. kiss something goodbye 忍痛割爱 kiss goodbye 吻别 6. keep one‘s mouth out of sth 不要多管闲事 mouth [] n.口 , 嘴 7. Failure is the mother of success 失败乃成功之母 failure[]n.失败 success[]n.成功 8. All work and no play makes Jack a bull boy. 只工作不玩耍,聪明的孩子也变傻 bull[bul]n.公牛 地道情景表达: Thank you (thanks ) very much /a lot 非常感谢 Many thanks ./Great./ You‘re so kind. 多谢 /太棒了 /你太棒了 kind[kaind]n.种类 , 性质 I‘m much /most grateful to you (for…… )我非常感谢(为了 …… ) grateful [] adj.感激的 , 感谢的 That‘s very kind /good /nice of you to …… 你真的太好了,帮我做 …… You‘ve so thoughtful 你考虑的真周到 thoughtful[]adj.深思的 , 有思想性的 , 体贴的 , 关切的 I can never thank you enough.我对你感激不尽 enough[]adj.足够的 , 充足的 , 只够做 .的 n.充足 , 足够 , 很多 Than you .That‘s the nicest thing anyone‘s said to me all day. 感谢你,这是我今天听到的做好的一句话 No thanks necessary ./Not at all./That‘s all right./ That‘s OK./ 没必要谢 不用谢 没关系 Forget (about)it ./don‘t mention it ./You‘re welcome. 忘了吧(小事一桩) 不用提了 不用谢 necessary [] n.必需品 adj.必要的 , 必需的 , 必然的 mention [] vt.提及 , 说起 n.提及 , 说起 v.论及 , 提及 welcome [] n.欢迎 adj.受欢迎的 It‘s my pleasure .是我的荣幸 I‘m pleased /glad to be at your service .为您服务我感到非常荣幸 14 A small piece of cake .小事一桩,小菜一碟 Nothing much. 没什么 I love my country. 我爱我的祖国。 Another fly-over will be built across that street. 另外一座过街桥将在街上被修建。 You fall in love with my sister! 你爱上了我的姐姐。 built [bilt] vb l.build 的过去式和过去分词 v.建造 ,建筑 across []adv.横过 , 交叉地 , 在对面 prep.越过 , 交叉 , 在 .的那边 , 在 .对面那边 [] 破擦音 []破擦音 []破擦音 []破擦音 []破擦音 []破擦音 [] 舌尖轻抵上齿背部,用舌边发音 Lesson Five Nice to meet you. New words: Mr. [] 先生 good [] adj.好 morning [] n.早晨 Miss [] 小姐 new [] adj.新的 student [] n.学生 French [] adj.shared sorrow is half a sorrw. 分享快乐会变成双倍的快乐,分享悲伤会减半。 share [] n.共享,参与 vt.分享,共有 vi.分享 joy [] n.欢乐,喜悦 v.高兴 double [] n.双倍 adj.双倍的,双重的 vt.使加倍 vi.加倍 sorrow [] n.悲哀,悲痛 Lesson 7 Are you a teacher ? New words: I [] pron. 我 am [] v. be 动词现在时的第一人称单数 are [] v. be 动词现在 时复数 name [] n. 名字 what [] adj.look into my eyes ; look out of the window watch [] n.注视 , 注意 , 手表 , 看守 , 守护 , 监视 , 值班人 (观看移动的东西 ) Today is the first day of the rest of your life . 今天是你余生的第一天 . rest [rest] n.休息 , 静止 , 支持物 , 台 , 架 Text: Hello, Helen. Hi, Steven. 20 How are you today? I'm fine/very well, thank you. And you? I'm fine thanks. How is Tony? He's fine, thank you. How is Emma? She is very well, too. Goodbye, Helen. Nice to see you. Nice to see you, too, Steven. Goodbye Exercises A: am be 动词用法 : is are 含有 be 动词简单的陈述句 ,否定句 ,一般疑问句 ,以及选择疑问句 (标志词 or) She is a teacher She isn’ t a teacher Is she a teacher ? Yes ,she is ./ No ,she isn’ t. Is she a teacher ↗ or a student↘ ? 选择疑问句前面读升调 ,后面读降调 .选择疑问句不能用简单的 Yes / No 回答 She isn’ t a student . She is a teacher . 一般物体的单数用 it (is)来代替 . This is a Volvo . It is a Swedish car . This is a Ford . Is it an American car or an English car ? It isn‘t an English car . It is an American car . This is a Fiat . Is it an Italian car or a French car ? It isn‘t a French car . It is an Italian car . Lucy is a student . Is she a Chinese student or a Swedish student ? She isn‘t a Chinese student . She is a Swedish student . button [] n.钮扣 , [计 ]按钮 v.扣住 , 扣紧 continue [] v.继续 , 连续 , 延伸 Lesson 10 Look at„ New words: fat [] adj. 胖的 fat ca 大款 fat farm 减肥中心 farm [] n.农场 , 农庄 , 农田 vt.耕种 vi.种田 , 务农 21 fatty 胖子,脂肪的 fatty []adj.脂肪的 , 含脂肪的 , 脂肪状的 n.胖子 fathead [傻瓜 ] fathead [] n.愚钝者 ,傻瓜 woman [] n. 女人 pretty woman 《风月俏佳人》 thin [] adj. 瘦的 tall [] adj. 高的 short [] adj. 矮的 dirty [] adj. 脏的 play dirty [做弊 ] dirty jokes [不得体、下流的笑话 ] talk dirty [说脏话 ] clean [] adj. 干净的 come clean : 坦白 Mr. clean : 清官 hot [] adj. 热的 hot air: 空话 cold [] adj. 冷的 old [] adj. 老的 young [] adj. 年轻的 busy [] adj. 忙的 busy body [] 爱搬弄是非的人 lazy [] adj. 懒的 lazybones [] n.懒骨头 语法小练习: A 在横线上填入 He‘s She‘s or It‘s 1. Mr. Blake isn‘t a student . He‘s a teacher . 2. This isn‘t my umbrella . It‘s your umbrella . 3. Sophie isn‘t a teacher . She‘s a keyboard operator . 4. Steven isn‘t cold . He‘s hot . 5. Naoko isn‘t Chinese . She‘s Japanese . 6. This isn‘t a German car . It‘s a Swedish car . 7. B Write sentences using He or She Example: Hellen / well Look at Hellen . She‘ s every well. 1. man/fat 7. Steven/hot 2. woman/thin 8. Emma/cold 3. policeman/tall 9. milkman/old 4. policewoman/short 10. air hostess.young 5. mechanic/dirty 11. hairdresser/busy 6. murse/clean 12. housewife/lazy 1. Look at the man . He‘s very fat . 2. Look at the woman . She‘s very thin . 11. Look at the hairdresser . He‘s very busy . 12. Look at the housewife . She‘s very lazy . 7. Lookt at Steven . He‘s very hot . 5.Look at the mechanic . He‘s very dirty . 6.Look at the murse . She‘s very clean . 9.Look at the milkman . He‘s very old . 22 Lesson 11 Is this your shirt? New words: whose [] pron. 谁的 blue [] adj. 蓝色的 perhaps [] adv. 大概 white [] adj. 白色的 catch [] v.
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还可以输入200字符

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