• / 41
  • 下载费用:10 金币  

雅思核心词汇21天速听速记:口语篇.pdf

关 键 词:
雅思 核心 词汇 21 天速听 速记 口语
资源描述:
目 录 Contents 1 Day 1: Work or study 11 Day 2: Free time 21 Day 3: Name 31 Day 4: Hometown 41 Day 5: Accommodation 51 Day 6: Sports 61 Day 7: Social circle 69 Day 8: Travelling 77 Day 9: Occasion 85 Day 10: Culture 95 Day 11: Language 103 Day 12: Gadgets 113 Day 13: Media 121 Day 14: Technology 129 Day 15: Education 137 Day 16: Environment 147 Day 17: Government 155 Day 18: “You-know-but-do-not- know” words 159 Day 19: Discourse Markers 163 Day 20: Showing your attitude 167 Day 21: Review 175 附录:雅思口语真题题库 196 索 引 D ay 1 learn work on further major work tend realise specialise stand subject specialty lecture overseas compulsory ideal optional efficient fanatical promising decent challenging finance science art engineering literature project presentation schedule field reputation interfere enable fulfill offer volunteer random competitive tough considerate extracurricular Day 1 Work or study 雅思核心词汇 21 天速听速记:口语篇 2 Overture Do you work or are you a student? Do you like your major (subject)? Do you prefer to study in the morning or in the afternoon? Essential 必背词汇 Verb 动词 learn BrE /lɜːn/ ; AmE /lɜːrn/ 学习,认识到 义 v. to get knowledge or skill by studying, from experience, from being taught, etc. 例 You can learn more if you go abroad. 如果你出国,就可以学到更多东 西。 work on=focus on 致力于, 专注于 义 phr v. to try hard to improve or achieve something 例 You need to work/focus on your pronunciation a bit more.你需要更加 专注于你的发音。 further BrE /ˈfɜːðə(r)/; AmE /ˈfɜːrðər/ 促进, (进一步)提高 义 v. to help sth.; to develop or be successful 例 I’m going abroad to further my study. 我要去国外进一步提高我的学 业。 major BrE /ˈmeɪdʒə(r)/; AmE /ˈmeɪdʒər/ 主修 义 v. to study sth. as your main subject at a university or college 例 I’m a college student, majoring in English. 我是一名大学生,主修英语。 work BrE /wɜːk/; AmE /wɜːrk/ (as) 以…为工作 义 v. to have a job 例 I’m working as an accountant at the present. 我现在是一名会计。 Day 1 3 tend BrE /tend/; AmE /tend/ (to) 倾向于 义 v. to be likely to do sth. 例 I tend to study in the morning ‘coz my head is clear. 我往往在早晨学习 因为早晨我的头脑清晰。 注 可以尝试将该词组在口语中与prefer to do 进行同义替换。 realise BrE /ˈriːəlaɪz/, also /ˈrɪəlaɪz/ ; AmE /ˈriːəlaɪz/ 意识到 义 v. (not used in the progressive tenses) to understand or become aware of a particular fact or situation 例 After getting my first IELTS report, I realised that I’m not a terrible English speaker. 拿到雅思成绩单后,我发现我的英语也没那么差。 注 与汉语不同,英语在语言组织上更习惯使用名词性结构。所以当 表达“我英语说得不太好”的时候往往会说 I’m not a good English speaker,而很少按照汉语的习惯使用动词,说I can’t speak English well. specialise BrE /ˈspeʃəlaɪz/; AmE /ˈspeʃəlaɪz/ 擅长, 专攻 义 v. to become an expert in a particular area of work, study or business; to spend more time on one area of work, etc. than on others 例 My mother is a doctor, specialising in oncology.我妈妈是一名专攻肿 瘤的医生。 stand BrE /stænd/; AmE /stænd/ 忍受 义 v. to dislike (not used in the progressive tenses, usually used in negative sentences) 例 I can’t stand science, math in particular. 我特别不喜欢理科,尤其是数 学。 注 当表达“非常不喜欢某事/某物”时,用stand 更能体现说话者的主 观态度(即不喜欢)。因此建议考生在表示don’t like 时,可以尝试 用can’t stand进行替换。 雅思核心词汇 21 天速听速记:口语篇 4 Noun 名词 subject BrE /ˈsʌbdʒɪkt/; AmE /ˈsʌbdʒɪkt/ 科目 义 n. an area of knowledge studied in a school, college etc. 例 English is a difficult subject for me. 英语对我来说是非常难的科目。 specialty BrE /ˌspeʃiˈæləti/; AmE /ˌspeʃiˈæləti/ 专长 义 n. sth. that someone is good at 例 English is my sister’s specialty. 我姐姐的专长是英语。 lecture BrE /ˈlektʃə(r)/; AmE /ˈlektʃər/ (大学)课程 义 n. a talk that is given to a group of people to teach them about sth. in a particular subject 例 I have so many lectures in my college. 我大学里有好多课。 Adjective 形容词 overseas BrE /ˌəʊvəˈsiːz/; AmE /ˌoʊvərˈsiːz/ 海外的, 国外的 义 a. connected with foreign countries, especially those separated from your country by the sea or ocean 例 It is not easy to be an overseas student. 做一名留学生并不容易。 compulsory BrE /kəmˈpʌlsəri/; AmE /kəmˈpʌlsəri/ 必修的 义 a. that must be done because of a law or a rule 例 I have so many compulsory courses this term. 这学期我有太多的必修 课了。 ideal BrE /aɪˈdiːəl/ ; AmE /aɪˈdiːəl/ 理想的 义 a. (for something) perfect; most suitable 例 To be a teacher is an ideal job for me. 我理想的工作是成为一名老师。 optional BrE /ˈɒpʃənl/; AmE /ˈɑːpʃənl/ 选修的 义 a. that you can choose to do or have if you want to 例 Certain courses are compulsory; others are optional. 有些课是必修的, 其他是选修的。 Day 1 5 efficient BrE /ɪˈfɪʃnt/; AmE /ɪˈfɪʃnt/ 高效的 义 a. doing something well and thoroughly with no waste of time, money or energy 例 Reading is an efficient way to learn new words. 阅读是非常高效的学习 新词汇的方式。 fanatical BrE /fəˈnætɪkl/; AmE /fəˈnætɪkl/ 狂热的 义 a. (informal) extremely enthusiastic 例 She’s fanatical about healthy eating. 她对健康饮食十分狂热。 注 考生可以将这个单词与crazy 进行替换,但该词比crazy的程度更加 强烈,可以非常好地表达主观的态度。 promising BrE /ˈprɒmɪsɪŋ/; AmE /ˈprɑːmɪsɪŋ/ 有前途的 义 a. showing signs of being good or successful 例 I believe that studying abroad would bring me a promising future.我相 信出国留学可以使我前途一片光明。 decent BrE /ˈdiːsnt/; AmE /ˈdiːsnt/ 体面的 义 a. of a good enough standard or quality 例 To be a teacher is a decent job. 老师是一份体面的职业。 challenging BrE /ˈtʃælɪndʒɪŋ/; AmE /ˈtʃælɪndʒɪŋ/ 有挑战性的 义 a. difficult, in a way that tests your ability 例 I find my major very challenging. 我认为我的专业非常具有挑战性。 注 该词是非常好的用以替换difficult 或者hard 的单词,所以可以考虑 将it is a very difficult job 替换成it is a very challenging job。 Optional 自选词汇 finance science art engineering literature n. 金融 n. 科学 n. 艺术 n. 工程 ( 学 ) n. 文学 project presentation schedule field reputation n. 工程 n. 报告 n. 时间表 n. 领域 n. 名誉 雅思核心词汇 21 天速听速记:口语篇 6 interfere enable fulfill offer volunteer v. 干涉 v. 使… v. 实现 v. 提供 v. 自愿 random extracurricular competitive tough considerate a. 随机的 a. 课外的 a. 有竞争力的 a. 艰难的 a. 体贴的 Exercise A 用方框中所给单词(词组)的适当形式填空。 specialise, realise, major, specialty, focus on, further, tend, subject, learn, work Example: You can learn more if you go abroad. 1. You can ______ more if you go abroad. 2. I’m a college student, ______ in English. 3. I’m ______ as an accountant at the present. 4. You need to ______ ______ your pronunciation a bit more. 5. I’m going abroad to ______ my study. 6. I ______ to study in the morning ‘coz my head is clear . 7. English is a difficult ______ for me. 8. English is my sister’s ______. 9. After getting my first IELTS report, I ______ that I’m not a terrible English speaker. 10. My mother is a doctor, ______ in oncology. (答案见必背词汇例句) Exercise B 按照英文释义写出以下单词的中文释义。 Example: stand 忍受 v. to dislike (not used in the progressive tenses, usually used in negative Day 1 7 sentences) lecture a. a talk that is given to a group of people to teach them about sth. in a particular subject overseas a. connected with foreign countries, especially those separated from your country by the sea or ocean compulsory a. that must be done because of a law or a rule ideal a. (for something) perfect; most suitable optional a. that you can choose to do or have if you want to efficient a. doing something well and thoroughly with no waste of time, money or energy fanatical a. extremely enthusiastic promising a. showing signs of being good or successful decent a. of a good enough standard or quality challenging a. difficult, in a way that tests your ability (答案见必背词汇) 雅思核心词汇 21 天速听速记:口语篇 8 Exercise C 把下列表格补充完整。 finance art literature n. n. 科学 n. n. 工程 ( 学 ) n. presentation field n. 工程 n. n. 时间表 n. n. 名誉 interfere fulfill volunteer v. v. 使… v. v. 提供 v. random competitive considerate a. a. 课外的 a. a. 艰难的 a. (答案见自选词汇) Practise Work or study 为Part 1 四大必考话题之一 Do you work or are you a student? 你是学生还是已经工作了? I’m a college student, currently working on English. But after my graduation, I’ll further my study overseas to make my dream come true. 我是一名大学生,现在正在学习英语。但是我毕业之后,为了实现我 的梦想,我会去国外深造。 Do you like you major (subject)? 你喜欢你的专业吗? Yes, I am fanatical about my subject. Even though we have many compulsory courses and plenty of lectures and they are very challenging, I believe I will have a promising future. 是的,我非常喜欢我所学的科目。虽然我有很多必修课和大课, 这些课 程也很难, 但是我相信我的未来前途光明。 Day 1 9 Do you prefer to study in the morning or in the afternoon? 你喜欢在早晨学习还是在下午学习? I tend to study in the morning because I can work efficiently and I can’t stand studying at night as I’m always so sleepy. 我更倾向于在早晨学习,因为我的学习效率很高。我不能忍受在晚上 学习,因为我总是很困。 Try to do it on your own Do you work or are you a student? Do you like your major (subject)? Do you prefer to study in the morning or in the afternoon? D ay Free time 2 refresh ease hang out release loosen up adore prevail leisure various tension relaxation recreation trend general exhausted weary wiped out preferable upset entertainment mood ambiance necessity artwork pastime preference enjoyment potential regulation punctual dynamic exquisite desirable original frustrating luxurious messy hideous hazardous encouragement 雅思核心词汇 21 天速听速记:口语篇 12 Overture What do you usually do in your free time? Do you think modern people have enough time for relaxing? In your free time, what do you usually do with your family or friends? Essential 必背词汇 Verb 动词 refresh BrE /rɪˈfreʃ/ ; AmE /rɪˈfreʃ/ 使恢复精力 义 v. to make sb. feel less tired or less hot 例 The long sleep had refreshed her. 一场酣睡使她重新精力充沛。 ease BrE /iːz/ ; AmE /iːz/ 缓解 义 v. to make sth. less painful or unpleasant 例 I constantly go hiking to ease my tension from work. 我总是通过远足来 缓解压力。 hang out 闲逛, 出去消遣 义 phr v. to spend time somewhere in a casual or relaxed way 例 I just came by to see whether you want to hang out with me.我过来看 看你是否愿意和我一起出去玩。 注 该词组本意“闲逛”,在口语中常用来指朋友间一起玩耍。 release BrE /rɪˈliːs/ ; AmE /rɪˈliːs/ 使松弛, 放松 义 v. to make sth. less tight 例 You need to find a way to release the tension.你需要找个方式释放压力。 注 ease tension缓解压力; release tension释放压力。注意区分二者的差别。 loosen up 放松, 放轻松 义 phr v. to become less tense, strict, or serious 例 You should loosen up your muscles before and after doing physical exercises.运动前后,你应该放松一下肌肉。 Day 2 13 注 该词组除表示身体上的舒展之外,还可表示精神上的放松,如 Playing basketball is a perfect way for me to loosen up. 打篮球对我来说 是非常好的放松方式。 adore BrE /əˈdɔː(r)/ ; AmE /əˈdɔːr/ 喜爱,爱慕(某事物/某人) 义 v. to like sth./sb. very much 例 I simply adore his music!我简直太喜爱他的音乐了! prevail BrE /prɪˈveɪl/ ; AmE /prɪˈveɪl/ 盛行, 流行 义 v. to be common among a group of people or area at a particular time 例 This attitude still prevails among the middle classes. 这种态度仍然在中 产阶级很流行。 Noun 名词 leisure BrE /ˈleʒə(r)/ AmE /ˈliːʒər/ 休闲,闲暇,空闲 义 n. time that is spent doing what you enjoy when you are not working or studying 例 I often go swimming with my friends in my leisure time.闲暇时,我经 常和朋友们去游泳。 entertainment BrE /ˌentəˈteɪnmənt/ ; AmE /ˌentərˈteɪnmənt/ 娱乐 义 n. sth. that makes people happy 例 I usually play with my iPhone for entertainment. 我常常把玩手机当做 娱乐。 tension BrE /ˈtenʃn/ ; AmE /ˈtenʃn/ 压力, 紧张 义 n. a feeling of anxiety and stress that makes it impossible to relax 例 We laughed and that helped ease the tension.我们笑了,因而使紧张的 情绪缓和下来。 relaxation BrE /ˌriːlækˈseɪʃn/ ; AmE /ˌriːlækˈseɪʃn/ 放松, 休息 义 n. ways of resting and enjoying yourself; time spent resting and enjoying yourself 例 I go hill-walking for relaxation. 我要是想活动活动,就到山上走走。 雅思核心词汇 21 天速听速记:口语篇 14 recreation BrE /ˌriːkriˈeɪʃn/ ; AmE /ˌriːkriˈeɪʃn/ 娱乐, 消遣 义 n. the fact of people doing things for enjoyment, when they are not working 例 We fully recognise the need to improve facilities for leisure and recreation.我们充分意识到了改进消遣娱乐设施的必要性。 trend BrE /trend/ ; AmE /trend/ 趋势, 趋向 义 n. a general direction in which a situation is changing or developing 例 Travelling abroad is a trend for most Chinese people.中国人出国旅游 已经是一种趋势。 Adjective 形容词 general BrE /ˈdʒenrəl/ ; AmE /ˈdʒenrəl/ 全体的, 普遍的, 总的 义 a. affecting all or most people, places or things 例 The general opinion is that the conference was a success.大家普遍认为 这次会议是成功的。 exhausted BrE /ɪɡˈzɔːstɪd/ ; AmE /ɪɡˈzɔːstɪd/ 筋疲力尽的, 疲惫不堪的 义 a. very tired 例 I’m exhausted! 我累死了! weary BrE /ˈwɪəri/ ; AmE /ˈwɪri/ 疲倦的,疲惫的 义 a. very tired, especially after you have been working hard or doing sth. for a long time 例 She suddenly felt weary after years of working.工作多年之后,她突然 感觉非常疲惫。 wiped out 十分疲劳的,筋疲力尽的 义 a. extremely tired 例 You look wiped out. 你看上去疲惫不堪。 preferable BrE /ˈprefrəbl/ ; AmE /ˈprefrəbl/ 较适合的, 更可取的 义 a. more attractive or more suitable; to be preferred to sth. 例 To study in the morning is more preferable for me.对我来说,在早上 学习更合适。 upset BrE /ʌpˈset/ ; AmE /ʌpˈset/ 生气的,烦恼的 义 a. unhappy, anxious or annoyed 例 I am upset that he is not coming. 他不能来让我很生气。 various BrE /ˈveəriəs/ ; AmE /ˈveriəs/ , /ˈværiəs/ 各种各样的 义 a. several different 例 There are various ways of doing this. 做这一工作的方法有很多。 Optional 自选词汇 mood ambiance necessity encouragement artwork n. 心情 n. 气氛 n. 必需品 n. 鼓励 n. 艺术品 pastime preference enjoyment potential regulation n. 业余爱好 n. 偏好 n. 享受 n. 潜力 n. 规定 punctual dynamic exquisite desirable original a. 守时的 a. 有活力的 a. 精美的 a. 称心的 a. 有创意的 frustrating luxurious messy hideous hazardous a. 令人沮丧的 a. 奢华的 a. 混乱的 a. 丑的 a. 危险的 Exercise A 用方框中所给单词(词组)的适当形式填空。 adore, refresh, tension, ease, entertainment, hang out, wiped out, leisure, loosen up, release Example: You can learn more if you go abroad. 1. The long sleep had _____ her. 2. I constantly go hiking to _____ my tension from work. 3. I just came by to see whether you want to _____ _____ with me. 4. You look _____ _____. Day 2 15 学习更合适。 upset BrE /ʌpˈset/ ; AmE /ʌpˈset/ 生气的,烦恼的 义 a. unhappy, anxious or annoyed 例 I am upset that he is not coming. 他不能来让我很生气。 various BrE /ˈveəriəs/ ; AmE /ˈveriəs/ , /ˈværiəs/ 各种各样的 义 a. several different 例 There are various ways of doing this. 做这一工作的方法有很多。 Optional 自选词汇 mood ambiance necessity encouragement artwork n. 心情 n. 气氛 n. 必需品 n. 鼓励 n. 艺术品 pastime preference enjoyment potential regulation n. 业余爱好 n. 偏好 n. 享受 n. 潜力 n. 规定 punctual dynamic exquisite desirable original a. 守时的 a. 有活力的 a. 精美的 a. 称心的 a. 有创意的 frustrating luxurious messy hideous hazardous a. 令人沮丧的 a. 奢华的 a. 混乱的 a. 丑的 a. 危险的 Exercise A 用方框中所给单词(词组)的适当形式填空。 adore, refresh, tension, ease, entertainment, hang out, wiped out, leisure, loosen up, release Example: You can learn more if you go abroad. 1. The long sleep had _____ her. 2. I constantly go hiking to _____ my tension from work. 3. I just came by to see whether you want to _____ _____ with me. 4. You look _____ _____. 雅思核心词汇 21 天速听速记:口语篇 16 5. You need to find a way to _____ the tension. 6. I often go swimming with my friends in my _____ time. 7. You should _____ _____ your muscles before and after doing physical exercises. 8. I usually play with my iPhone for _____. 9. We laughed and that helped ease the _____. 10. I simply _____ his music! (答案见必背词汇例句) Exercise B 按照英文释义写出以下单词的中文释义。 Example: stand 忍受 v. to dislike (not used in the progressive tenses, usually used in negative sentences) trend n. a general direction in which a situation is changing or developing relaxation n. ways of resting and enjoying yourself; time spent resting and enjoying yourself weary a. very tired, especially after you have been working hard or doing sth. for a long time preferable a. more attractive or more suitable; to be preferred to sth. general a. affecting all or most people, places or things recreation n. the fact of people doing things for enjoyment, when they are not working various a. several different exhausted a. very tired prevail v. to be very common at a particular time or in a particular place upset a. unhappy, anxious or annoyed (答案见自选词汇) Exercise C 把下列表格补充完整。 mood necessity artwork n. 气氛 n. 鼓励 preference potential n. 业余爱好 n. 享受 n. 规定 punctual exquisite original a. 有活力的 a. 称心的 frustrating messy hazardous a. 奢华的 a. 丑的 (答案见自选词汇) Practise Free time 为Part 1 四大必考话题之一 What do you usually do in your free time? Day 2 17 n. the fact of people doing things for enjoyment, when they are not working various a. several different exhausted a. very tired prevail v. to be very common at a particular time or in a particular place upset a. unhappy, anxious or annoyed (答案见自选词汇) Exercise C 把下列表格补充完整。 mood necessity artwork n. 气氛 n. 鼓励 preference potential n. 业余爱好 n. 享受 n. 规定 punctual exquisite original a. 有活力的 a. 称心的 frustrating messy hazardous a. 奢华的 a. 丑的 (答案见自选词汇) Practise Free time 为Part 1 四大必考话题之一 What do you usually do in your free time? 雅思核心词汇 21 天速听速记:口语篇 18 在空闲时间里,你一般会做什么? In my leisure time, when I’m exhausted and completely wiped out, I often do something to refresh myself. For example, reading books, listening to music or doing exercises. These things are always preferable for me. 我在闲暇的时间,当我筋疲力尽、精疲力竭的时候,我会做一些可以 让自己恢复精力的事情,比如读书、听音乐或者做运动。对我来说, 我更愿意做这样的事情。 Do you think modern people barely have time for relaxing? 你认为当今社会中,人们没有足够的时间休息吗? I think so. People in the modern society have more tension but less relaxation. Therefore, they need to find a way to loosen themselves up and release pressure. 我认为是的。在当今社会中,人们的压力更多了,而且缺少放松,他 们需要找到放松自己和释放压力的方式。 In your free time, what do you usually do with your family or friends? 在你的空闲时间里, 你通常会和你的朋友或家人做些什么? In general, I adore hanging out with friends and have meals together or simply watching films with all my family. But I have to admit that travelling with them also is preferable and prevails in my country. 一般情况下, 我喜欢和朋友出去玩,一起吃顿饭, 或者仅仅是跟家人一 起看电影。 但我不得不承认, 和家人或朋友一起旅行也是一个可取的 方式,并且这种方式在我们国家很流行。 Try to do it on your own What do you usually do in your free time? Do you think modern people have enough time for relaxing? In your free time, what do you usually do with your family or friends? Day 2 19 Fluency and coherence 雅 思 口 语 评 分 标 准 中 的 fluency and coherence 一 项 中, 在 6 分 段 明 确 提 出 了 一 个要求: speak at length。翻译成中文就是要“详细地说” 。 关 于 part 1 中 如 何 充 分 地 回 答 问 题, 同 学 们 请 记 住 一 个 原 则: Give full answers and extra information. 一个好的 part 1 答案一定包含这两个内容。 以问题 Do you like swimming? 为例。 如 果 我 回 答:Y es, I do. 这 样 的 答 案 做 到 了 give full answer, 但 没 有 给 出 extra information。 但如果我说: Yes, I do. I often go swimming in my leisure time with my friends, coz I think it is a good way to get us close. 这样的回答就是一 个比较合 适的答案,因为首先我正面回答了问题即 give full answers (我喜欢游泳) ; 同时 我又给出了适当的 extra information,分别是:in my leisure time(when), with my friends(with whom) 和 a good way to get us close(why)。 D ay Name name expect carry represent surname polish character fortuneteller genealogy sibling code combination convention personality reunion merit symbol exclusive unique auspicious reliable relevance trait violence string territory reckon renew proceed prolong constitute digest drain exert freeze digital elusive faint exotic identical given name 3 雅思核心词汇 21 天速听速记:口语篇 22 Overture Who gave you this name? Does your name have any particular meaning? Do people in your culture have any tradition about naming babies? Essential 必背词汇 Verb 动词 name BrE /neɪm/ ; AmE /neɪm/ 命名, 给…取名 义 v. to give a name to sb./sth. 例 They named their son John.他们给儿子起名约翰。 expect BrE /ɪkˈspekt/ ; AmE /ɪkˈspekt/ 期待 义 v. to think or believe that sth. will happen or that sb. will do sth. 例 My parents named me with good words, expecting I could have a happy life.我父母给我起的名字寓意良好,希望我可以有一个快乐的人生。 carry BrE /ˈkæri/ ; AmE /ˈkæri/ 承载 义 v. to express or contain 例 My name carries all my family’s best wishes. 我的名字承载了家人对 我所有最好的期望。 represent BrE /ˌreprɪˈzent/ ; AmE /ˌreprɪˈzent/ 代表,象征 义 v. to be a symbol of something 例 My name represents the love from my family. 我的名字代表了家人对 我的爱。 Noun 名词 surname BrE /ˈsɜːneɪm/ ; AmE /ˈsɜːrneɪm/ 姓 义 n. a name shared by all the members of a family (written last in English names) Day 3 23 例 A woman, after marriage, usually drops her surname and takes that of her husband.女人在婚后往往去掉自己的姓氏而冠以夫姓。 given name 名 义 n. a name that was given to you when you were born, that comes before your family name 例 Her family name is Smith and her given names are Mary Elizabeth. 她的 姓是史密斯,名字是玛丽-伊丽莎白。 character BrE /ˈkærəktə(r)/; AmE /ˈkærəktər/ 汉字 义 n. Chinese letters 例 There are three characters in my name. 我的名字包含三个汉字。 fortuneteller BrE /ˈfɔrtʃənˌtɛlər/;AmE /fɔ:tʃu:n'telə/ 算命师 义 n. a person who claims to have magic powers and who tells people what will happen to them in the future 例 My parents asked fortunetellers for advice on my name.我父母向算命 师请教给我起什么名字。 genealogy BrE /ˌdʒiːniˈælədʒi/ ; AmE /ˌdʒiːniˈælədʒi/ 家谱(图) 义 n. a particular person’s line of ancestors ; a diagram that shows this 例 My name comes from my family’s genealogy.我的名字来自于我的家谱。 sibling BrE /ˈsɪblɪŋ/ ; AmE /ˈsɪblɪŋ/ 兄弟姊妹, 同胞 义 n. a brother or sister 例 I have no siblings in my family. 我没有兄弟姐妹。 code BrE /kəʊd/ ; AmE /koʊd/ 代码 义 n. a system of words, letters, numbers or symbols that represent a message 例 I believe my name is an exclusive code from my parents.我相信我的名 字是父母给的专属代码。 combination BrE /ˌkɒmbɪˈneɪʃn/ ; AmE /ˌkɑːmbɪˈneɪʃn/ 结合 义 n. two or more things joined or mixed together to form a single unit 雅思核心词汇 21 天速听速记:口语篇 24 例 My name comes from the combination of both my parents’ family names. 我的名字来自于我父母姓氏的组合。 convention BrE /kənˈvenʃn/ ; AmE /kənˈvenʃn/ 习俗, 常规 义 n. way in which sth. is done that most people in a society expect and consider to be polite or the right way to do it 例 The convention of naming a baby in my culture is complicated.在我们 的文化中,给孩子起名的讲究十分复杂。 personality BrE /ˌpɜːsəˈnæləti/ ; AmE /ˌpɜːrsəˈnæləti/ 性格 义 n. the various aspects of a person’s character that combine to make them different from other people 例 My mum hoped that I would become a decent person with nice personalities.我妈妈希望我成为一个性格好且体面的人。 reunion BrE /ˌriːˈjuːniən/ ; AmE /ˌriːˈjuːniən/ 团聚, 聚会 义 n. a social occasion or party attended by a group of people who have not seen each other for a long time 例 I took part in my family’s annual reunion yesterday.昨天,我参加了我 们家一年一度的家庭聚会。 merit BrE /ˈmerɪt/ ; AmE /ˈmerɪt/ 优点 义 n. the quality of being good and of deserving praise, reward or admiration 例 Nice merits are always carried in a person’s name. 一个人的名字总会 承载着美德。 symbol BrE /ˈsɪmbl/ ; AmE /ˈsɪmbl/ 象征 义 n. a person, an object, an event, etc. that represents a more general quality or situation 例 The name is the symbol of the entire family. 名字是整个家族的象征。 Adjective 形容词 exclusive BrE /ɪkˈskluːsɪv/ ; AmE /ɪkˈskluːsɪv/ 专有的,独有的 义 a. only to be used by one particular person or group; only given to one Day 3 25 particular person or group 例 I think my name has exclusive meaning from others.我觉得我的名字有 不同于其他名字的含义。 unique BrE /juˈniːk/ ; AmE /juˈniːk/ 唯一的;独一无二的 义 a. being the only one of its kind 例 I believe my name is unique. 我觉得我的名字是独一无二的。 auspicious BrE /ɔːˈspɪʃəs/ ; AmE /ɔːˈspɪʃəs/ 吉利的;吉祥的 义 a. showing signs that sth. is likely to be successful in the future 例 Parents always want to have some auspicious characters in their children’s name. 父母总想孩子的名字里有一些寓意吉祥的汉字。 reliable BrE / rɪˈlaɪəbəl / ; AmE / rɪˈlaɪəbəl / 可信赖的;可依靠的 义 a. that can be trusted to do sth. well; that you can rely on 例 We are looking for someone who is reliable and hard-working.我们在物 色可靠而又勤奋的人。 Optional 自选词汇 relevance trait violence string territory n. 关联 n. 个性 n. 暴力 n. 细绳 n. 领土 reckon renew polish proceed prolong v. 认为 v. 使更新 v. 磨光 v. 继续进行 v. 延长 constitute digest drain exert freeze v. 构成 v. 消化 v. 流干 v. 尽力 v. 结冰 digital elusive faint exotic identical a. 数码的 a. 难理解的 a. 虚弱的 a. 异国的 a. 完全一样的 雅思核心词汇 21 天速听速记:口语篇 26 Exercise A 用方框中所给单词(词组)的适当形式填空。 character, reunion, carry, personality, reliable, unique, symbol, expect, sibling Example: You can learn more if you go abroad. 1. There are three ______ in my name. 2. My name ______ all my family’s best wishes. 3. My parents named me with good words, ______ I could have a happy life. 4. I have no ______ in my family. 5. The name is the ______ of the entire family. 6. My mum hoped that I would become a decent person with nice ______. 7. I took part in my family’s annual ______ yesterday. 8. We are looking for someone who is _________ and hard-working. 9. I believe my name is ______. (答案见必背词汇例句) Exercise B 按照英文释义写出以下单词的中文释义。 Example: stand 忍受 v. to dislike (not used in the progressive tenses, usually used in negative sentences) auspicious a. showing signs that sth. is likely to be successful in the future exclusive a. only to be used by one particular person or group; only given to one particular person or group merit Day 3 27 n. the quality of being good and of deserving praise, reward or admiration convention n. way in which sth. is done that most people in a society expect and consider to be polite or the right way to do it code n. a system of words, letters, numbers or symbols that represent a message combination n. two or more things joined or mixed together to form a single unit genealogy n. a particular person’s line of ancestors ; a diagram that shows this represent v. to be a member of a group of people and act or speak on their behalf at an event, a meeting, etc. surname n. a name shared by all the members of a family (written last in English names) given name n. a name that was given to you when you were born, that comes before your family name name v. to give a name to sb./ sth. (答案见必背词汇) 雅思核心词汇 21 天速听速记:口语篇 28 Exercise C 把下列表格补充完整。 relevance violence territory n. n. 个性 n. 细绳 n. renew proceed v. 认为 v. v. 磨光 v. v. 延长 constitute drain freeze v. v. 消化 v. v. 尽力 v. elusive exotic a. 数码的 a. a. 虚弱的 a. a. 完全一样的 (答案见自选词汇) Practise Name为Part 1 常考话题之一,尤其在国外考点 Who gave you this name? 谁给你起的名字? My parents named me. When I was born, they picked up my name from a dictionary. And I love my name very much because I think my name is an exclusive code, carrying my parents’ best
展开阅读全文
  语墨文库所有资源均是用户自行上传分享,仅供网友学习交流,未经上传用户书面授权,请勿作他用。
0条评论

还可以输入200字符

暂无评论,赶快抢占沙发吧。

关于本文
本文标题:雅思核心词汇21天速听速记:口语篇.pdf
链接地址:http://www.wenku38.com/p-28863.html

                                            站长QQ:1002732220      手机号:18710392703    


                                                          copyright@ 2008-2020 语墨网站版权所有

                                                             经营许可证编号:蜀ICP备18034126号

网站客服微信
收起
展开