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(全网最完整手打版)浙江省2018年6月8日高考英语试题加答案.pdf

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2018 年 6 月浙江省普通高等学校招生全国统一考试 英 语 第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、 B、 C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并 标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每 段对话仅读一遍。 1. What will James do tomorrow? A. Watch a TV program. B. Give a talk. C. Write a report. 2. What can we say about the woman? A. She’s generous. B. She’s curious. C. She’s helpful. 3. When does the train leave? A. At 6:30. B. At 8:30. C. At 10:30. 4. How does the woman go to work? A. By car. B. On foot. C. By bike. 5. What is the probable relationship between the speakers? A. Classmates. B. Teacher and student. C. Doctor and patient. 第二节(共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、 B、 C 三个选项中选出 最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题 5 秒 钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、 7 题。 6. What does the woman regret? A. Giving up her research. B. Dropping out of college. C. Changing her major. 7. What is the woman interested in studying now? A. Ecology. B. Education. C. Chemistry. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8、 9 题。 8. What is the man? A. A hotel manager. B. A tour guide C. A taxi driver. 9. What is the man doing for the woman? A. Looking for some local foods. B. Showing her around the seaside. C. Offering information about a hotel. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. Where does the conversation probably take place? A. In an office. B. At home. C. At a restaurant. 11. What will the speakers do tomorrow evening? A. Go to a concert. B. Visit a friend. C. Work extra hours. 12. Who is Alice going to call? A. Mike. B. Joan. C. Catherine. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. Why does the woman meet the man? A. To look at an apartment. B. To deliver some furniture. C. To have a meal together. 14. What does the woman like about the carpet? A. Its color. B. Its design. C. Its quality. 15. What does the man say about the kitchen? A. It’s a good size. B. It’s newly painted. C. It’s adequately equipped. 16. What will the woman most probably do next? A. Go downtown. B. Talk with her friend. C. Make payment. 听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. Who is the speaker probably talking to? A. Movie fans. B. News reporters. C. College students. 18. When did the speaker take English classes? A. Before he left his hometown, B. After he came to America. C. When he was 15 years old. 19. How does the speaker mainly talk about? A. He’s proud. B. He’s sympathetic. C. He’s grateful. 20. What does the speaker mainly talk about? A. How education shaped his life. B. How his language skills improved. C. How he managed his business well. 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节(共 10 小题;每小题 2.5 分,满分 25 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、 B、 C 和 D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该项涂 黑。 A In 1812, the year Charles Dickens was born, there were 66 novels published in Britain. People had been writing novels for a century—most experts date the first novel to Robinson Crusoe in 1719—but nobody wanted to do it professionally. The steam-powered printing press was still in its early stages; the literacy(识字) rate in England was under 50%. Many works of fiction appeared without the names of the authors, often with something like “By a lady.” Novels, for the most part, were looked upon as silly, immoral, or just plain bad. In 1870, when Dickens died, the world mourned him as its first professional writer and publisher, famous and beloved, who had led an explosion in both the publication of novels and their readership and whose characters — from Oliver Twist to Tiny Tim— were held up as moral touchstones. Today Dickens’ greatness is unchallenged. Removing him from the pantheon(名人 堂) of English literature would make about as much sense as the Louvre selling off the Mona Lisa. How did Dickens get to the top? For all the feelings readers attach to stories, literature is a numbers game, and the test of time is extremely difficult to pass. Some 60,000 novels were published during the Victorian age, from 1837 to1901; today a casual reader might be able to name a half-dozen of them. It’s partly true that Dickens’ style of writing attracted audiences from all walks of life. It’s partly that his writings rode a wave of social, political and scientific progress. But it’s also that he rewrote the culture of literature and put himself at the center. No one will ever know what mix of talent, ambition, energy and luck made Dickens such a singular writer. But as the 200th anniversary of his birth approaches, it is possible — and important for our own culture—to understand how he made himself a lasting one. 21. Which of the following best describes British novels in the 18th century? A. They were difficult to understand. B. They were popular among the rich. C. They were seen as nearly worthless. D. They were written mostly by women. 22. Dickens is compared with the Mona Lisa in the text to stress________. A. his reputation in France B. his interest in modern art C. his success in publication D. his importance in literature 23. What is the author’s purpose in writing the text? A. To remember a great writer. B. To introduce an English novel. C. To encourage studies on culture. D. To promote values of the Victorian age. B Steven Stein likes to follow garbage trucks. His strange habit makes sense when you consider that he’s an environmental scientist who studies how to reduce litter, including things that fall off garbage trucks as they drive down the road. What is even more interesting is that one of Stein's jobs is defending an industry behind the plastic shopping bags. Americans use more than 100 billion thin film plastic bags every year. So many end up in tree branches or along highways that a growing number of cities do not allow them at checkouts (收银 台 ) . The bags are prohibited in some 90 cities in California, including Los Angeles. Eyeing these headwinds, plastic-bag makers are hiring scientists like Stein to make the case that their products are not as bad for the planet as most people assume. Among the bag makers‘ argument: many cities with bans still allow shoppers to purchase paper bags, which are easily recycled but require more energy to produce and transport. And while plastic bags may be ugly to look at, they represent a small percentage of all garbage on the ground today. The industry has also taken aim at the product that has appeared as its replacement: reusable shopping bags. The stronger a reusable bag is, the longer its life and the more plastic-bag use it cancels out. However, longer-lasting reusable bags often require more energy to make. One study found that a cotton bag must be used at least 131 times to be better for the planet than plastic. Environmentalists don't dispute( 质疑 ) these points. They hope paper bags will be banned someday too and want shoppers to use the same reusable bags for years. 24. What has Steven Stein been hired to do? A. Help increase grocery sales. B. Recycle the waste material. C. Stop things falling off trucks. D. Argue for the use of plastic bags. 25. What does the word “headwinds” in paragraph 2 refer to? A. Bans on plastic bags. B. Effects of city development. C. Headaches caused by garbage. D. Plastic bags hung in trees. 26. What is a disadvantage of reusable bags according to plastic-bag makers? A. They are quite expensive. B. Replacing them can be difficult. C. They are less strong than plastic bags. D. Producing them requires more energy. 27. What is the best title for the text? A. Plastic, Paper or Neither B. Industry, Pollution and Environment C. Recycle or Throw Away D. Garbage Collection and Waste Control C As cultural symbols go, the American car is quite young. The Model T Ford was built at the Piquette Plant in Michigan a century ago, with the first rolling off the assembly line( 装配线 ) on September 27, 1908. Only eleven cars were produced the next month. But eventually Henry Ford would build fifteen million of them. Modern America was born on the road, behind a wheel. The car shaped some of the most lasting aspects of American culture: the roadside diner, the billboard, the motel, even the hamburger. For most of the last century, the car represented what it meant to be American—going forward at high speed to find new worlds. The road novel, the road movie, these are the most typical American ideas, born of abundant petrol, cheap cars and a never-ending interstate highway system, the largest public works project in history. In 1928 Herbert Hoover imagined an America with “a chicken in every pot and a car in every garage.” Since then, this society has moved onward, never looking back, as the car transformed America from a farm-based society into an industrial power. The cars that drove the American Dream have helped to create a global ecological disaster. In America the demand for oil has grown by 22 percent since 1990. The problems of excessive( 过度的 ) energy consumption, climate change and population growth have been described in a book by the American writer Thomas L. Friedman. He fears the worst, but hopes for the best. Friedman points out that the green economy( 经济 ) is a chance to keep American strength. “The ability to design, build and export green technologies for producing clean water, clean air and healthy and abundant food is going to be the currency of power in the new century.” 28. Why is hamburger mentioned in paragraph 2? A. To explain Americans’ love for travelling by car. B. To show the influence of cars on American culture. C. To stress the popularity of fast food with Americans. D. To praise the effectiveness of America’s road system. 29. What has the use of cars in America led to? A. Decline of economy. B. Environmental problems. C. A shortage of oil supply. D. A farm-based society. 30. What is Friedman’s attitude towards America’s future? A. Ambiguous. B. Doubtful. C. Hopeful. D. Tolerant. 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Moving into a new home in a new neighborhood is an exciting experience. Of course, you want to make sure that you become an acceptable and valuable part of your neighborhood. the easiest way to accomplish this is to make sure you conduct yourself as a good neighbor should. ___31G____ Perhaps one of the most important things you can do as a good neighbor is to keep your property (房产 ) neat, clean, and in good repair. ___32F____ By choosing to keep the outside of the home in great shape, you will help to improve the look and feel of the area. Second, take the overall appearance of the neighborhood seriously. When going for a walk. Take a small garbage bag. ___33E____ This small act will let your neighbors know that you care about the area. ___34B____ If a neighbor is going to be out of town, offer to collect mail and newspapers. If a neighbor suffers an illness, offer to do the grocery shopping. Let them know you are there to help in any way this acceptable, while still respecting the privacy of your neighbor. ___35C____ By following the basic rules of respecting others, taking care of what belongs to you, and taking pride in the appearance of the neighborhood in general, you will quickly become a good neighbor that everyone appreciates. A. In general, keep an eye on their property while they are gone. B.A good neighbor is also one who likes to help out in small ways. C. Being a good neighbor is more or less about considerate behavior. D. Sometimes neighbors may go to the supermarket together to do shopping. E. Should you come across waste paper thrown out of a passing car, pick it up. F. People tend to lake pride in keeping everything in their street fresh and inviting. G. Here are a few tips to help you win over everyone in the neighborhood quickly. 第三部分 语言运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、 B、 C 和 D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选 项,并在答题纸上将该项涂黑。 We have all heard how time is more valuable than money, but is it __36__ to have too much? I __37__ back in high school I spent most of my day at school since I also __38__ a team sport. By the time I got home, I only had a few hours to do my homework, and I had to do it __39__. When I got into college, things __40__. I suddenly found myself out of class before noon time. Because of all this __41__ there was no sense of __42__ to do my school work immediately. I was performing this action of waiting until it later became __43__. Once that happened, I just kept __44__ my studying further and further back in my day. Then I got to the point where I was __45__ really late at night to get my work alone. One day I __46__ a former classmate of mine who was __47__ a lot of money running a sideline (副业 ). Since his regular job was __48__, I asked him why he just didn't do his sideline full-time. He said without the job, he would __49__ have too much time and would just do what I did back in __50__. He said that if he __51__ the job, he would lose his __52__ to work and succeed. So, try __53__ your tine with other work. This is why there is a __54__ that if you want something done, ask a __55__ person to do it. 36.A. true B. fair C. strange D. possible 37.A. remember B. admit C. understand D. expect 38.A. watched B. loved C. coached D. played 39.A. at last B. right away C. of course D. as usual 40.A. happened B. repeated C. changed D. mattered 41.A. extra B. difficult C. valuable D. limited 42.A. duty B. achievement C. urgency D. direction 43.A. burden B. relief C. risk D. habit 44. A. pushing B. taking C. setting D. calling 45. A. hanging out B. staying up C. jogging round D. showing off 46. A. met B. helped C. treated D. hired 47. A. raising B. wasting C. demanding D. making 48. A. safe B. important C. boring D. rewarding 49.A. luckily B. hardly C. hopefully D. simply 50.A. childhood B. college C. town D. business 51.A. quit B. found C. accepted D. kept 52. A. heart B. chance C. drive D. way 53.A. saving B. filling up C. giving up D. trading 54. A. message B. story C. saying D. fact 55. A. careful B. busy C. reliable D. kind 第三部分 语言运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第二节(共 10 小题:每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容( 1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Few people I know seem to have much desire or time to cook. Making Chinese __56__ (dish) is seen as especially troublesome. Many westerners __57__ come to China cook much less than in their own countries once they realize how cheap __58__ can be to eat out. I still remember __59__ (visit) a friend who’d lived here for five years and I __60__ (shock) when I learnt she hadn’t cooked once in all that time. While regularly eating out seems to __61__ (become) common for many young people in recent years, it’s not without a cost. The obvious one is money; eating out once or twice a week may be __62__ (afford) but doing this most days adds up. There could be an even __63__ (high) cost on your health. Researchers have found that there is a direct link between the increase in food eaten outside the home and the rise in __64__ (weigh) problems. If you are not going to suffer this problem, then I suggest that the next time you go to your mum’s home __65__ dinner, get a few cooking tips from her. Cooking food can be fun. You might also begin to notice the effects not only on your health but in your pocket. 56. dishes 57. who/that 58. it 59. visiting 60. was shocked 61. have become 62. affordable 63. higher 64. weight 65. for 第四部分 写作(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节 应用文写作(满分 15 分) 假定你是李华,你校英语协会招聘志愿者,接待来访的国外中学生。请你写信应聘,内容包括: 1. 口语能力: 2. 相关经验; 3. 应聘目的。 注意: 1. 词数 80 左右; 2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 Dear Sir or Madam, My name is Li Hua and I am writing to apply for the post of volunteer for our school English association. With an experience of two years in Canada, I can communicate well with native speakers of English. Therefore I can easily get along with foreign students. I believe that I am a perfect candidate for this position. I‛m particularly interested in this position partly because my friend Logan is coming and I‛d love to see him again. I would welcome an opportunity to meet with you for an interview. yours, lihua 第二节 读后续写(满分 25 分) 阅读下面短文,根据所给情节进行续写,使之构成一个完整的故事。 It was summer, and my dad wanted to treat me to a vacation like never before. He decided to take me on a trip to the Wild West. We took a plane to Albuquerque, a big city in the state of New Mexico. We reached Albuquerque in the late afternoon. Uncle Paul, my dad’s friend, picked us up from the airport and drove us up to his farm in Pecos. His wife Tina cooked us a delicious dinner and we got to know his sons Ryan and Kyle. My dad and I spent the night in the guestroom of the farm house listening to the frogs and water rolling down the river nearby. Very early in the morning, Uncle Paul woke us up to have breakfast. “The day starts at dawn on my farm,“ he said. After breakfast, I went to help Aunt Tina feed the chickens. while my dad went with Uncle Paul to take the sheep out to graze (吃草 ). I was impressed to see my dad and Uncle Paul riding horses. They looked really cool. In the afternoon, I asked Uncle Paul if I could take a hose ride, and he said yes, as long as my dad went with me. I wasn’t going to take a horse ride by myself anyway. So, my dad and I put on our new cowboy hats, got on our horses, and headed slowly towards the mountains. “Don’t be late for supper,” Uncle Paul cried, “and keep to the track so that you don’t get lost!” “OK!” my dad cried back. After a while Uncle Paul and his farm house were out of sight. It was so peaceful and quiet and the colors of the brown rocks, the deep green pine trees, and the late afternoon sun mixed to create a magic scene. It looked like a beautiful woven (编织的 ) blanket spread out upon the ground just for us. 注意: 1. 所续写短文的词数应为 l50 左右; 2. 至少使用 5 个短文中标有下划线的关键词语: 3. 续写部分分为两段,每段的开头语已为你写好; 4. 续写完成后,请用下划线标出你所使用的关键词语。 Paragraph 1: Suddenly a little rabbit jumped out in front of my horse. Dad and I found it was so cute that we decided to chase it. After a while, we were completely lost in the forest. There was nothing left in sight but the trees. “we may not be able to make it back to the farm house in time for supper.” I thought to myself. After a series of fruitless attempts to find a way out, we felt hungry and tired. Paragraph 2: We had no idea where we were and it was getting dark. We got stuck in the forest. And an unexpected shower added to the difficulty of us in finding away home, for all the tracks we had made disappeared because of the rain. I was almost on the edge of breaking down when my father said, “Don‛t worry, my son. I remember there is a river near the farm house. Find the river and we will be back home.” Finally, we found the river and got back to the house along it. Needless to say, we ate late dinner.
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