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2019高考全国卷英语语法复习——状语从句.ppt

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2019 高考 全国卷 英语语法 复习 状语 从句
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,Adverbial Clauses 状语从句,,1. logical relationship/connection 逻辑关系 2. 位置灵活 I love pizza. I rarely eat it. It’s unhealthy. Although I love pizza, I rarely eat it because it’s unhealthy. I rarely eat pizza, although I love it, because it’s unhealthy.,状语从句的分类,写出下列状语从句的类型 Being overweight as a kid could cause you to have serious health problems as you get older. Where there is no rain, farming is difficult. Roses need special care so that they can live through winter. I had so little money then that I couldn’t even afford a used car. As it is raining, you’d better take your umbrellas with you.,时间,地点,目的,结果,原因,They want peace as much as we do. You must do everything as I do. In case anything important happens, please call me up. Even if we can save much energy, we can only delay the energy crisis.,比较,方式,条件,让步,状语从句的分类,______状语从句 ______状语从句 ______状语从句 ______状语从句 ______状语从句 ______状语从句 ______状语从句 ______状语从句 ______状语从句,考什么?,连词 时态 省略,时间,原因,条件,地点,目的,结果,让步,方式,比较,1.时间状语从句,,注意时间状语从句中的时态:______________,1. She will be very happy when she _______ (know) that she has been given a chance to go abroad. 2.You can go out to play when you ________________ (finish) your homework. 3. —I don’t know if Mr. Lin _______(come) to the party this evening. — I think he will come if he ___(be) free.,主将从现,knows,finish,will come,is,1)______I got to the station, I found the train had left. 2)________ water becomes solid, we call it ice. 3) _____________ I was cooking, I burnt my hand. 4) _____ she grew older, she gained confidence. 5) She sings _____she walks. 6) ______he said it, he laughed. 7)One evening I was having my dinner ______ an unexpected friend knocked at my door.,(一) when, while, as 引导的时间状语从句,When,While/ When,When,As,when,as,As,2.表示主、从动作在同时发生时,用when 、while;但while后面的动词必须是________动词。,1.表示动作的先后顺序,即某一动作发生之后,另一动作才发生,用_______.,when,延续性,3. as 强调动作________,常译成_________ ___________________________________,4. _________表示“就在这时…忽然…”,“随着”或“一边…一边……”,when,小结:,同时进行,我正要下河游泳,这时导游警告我说河里有鲨鱼 。,I was about to swim / on the point of swimming in the river when the guide warned me that there were sharks in it.,sb.______________________ when… sb.______________________ when… sb. ______________________ when… sb. ______________________ when…,,常用句型:,when表示“就在这时…忽然…”,had just done sth,was doing sth,was about to do sth,was on the point of doing sth,(二) The minute/moment/instant/second; immediately, directly, instantly; as soon as 引导的时间状语从句, 表示“一…就…” “刚…就…” _______________________________________________________________________ 常用时态搭配:,No sooner had…done …than … did… Hardly had …done…when …did…,no sooner…than…, hardly / scarcely…when…,,翻译:我刚回到家就开始下雨了。(正常语序 / 倒装) _______________________________________ _______________________________________,Translation. 他一看见老师,脸色就变的惨白了。 _____________________________________,The moment he saw the teacher, his face turned pale.,I had hardly got home when it began to rain. = Hardly had I got home when it began to rain. =No sooner had I got home than it began to rain.,,从两件事间隔的时间看: as soon as 间隔最长,“A事发生后,就做B事“; no sooner.than 次之,“刚做完A事,就做B事“; hardly.when间隔最短,“几乎未来得及做完A事,紧接着就做B事“。,表示“一…就…”的其他结构,“on+ 动词-ing” 和 “on+one’s+n.”结构。 当动词-ing和n. 在意义上相对应时,这两个结构可以互换。 翻译: 刚到巴黎,这个小偷就被逮捕了。 On arriving in Paris, the thief was arrested. On his arrival in Paris, the thief was arrested.,(三),Complete the sentences: It will be five years _____we meet again. It wasn’t long______he told us about it. I slipped out _______the lecture started. Please write it down_______ you forget it.,before,before,before,before,Conclusion: It will be long before…_______________ It will not be long before…______________ It was long before…______________ It wasn’t long before…_____________,得过好久才,过不了多久就,过了好久才,过了不久就,,It will be +some time +before sb does sth It was +some time + before sb did sth 翻译: 肯定:过多久才 否定:过不了多久(没过多久)就,(五),It’s three years since he joined the League. ___________________________________ It is three years since he was a League member. ___________________________________,1. It is almost five years ____ we saw each other last time.,Translate the sentences:,2. ―Do you smoke? ―____. It is three years since I smoked.,No,since,since +_______动词的过去式,从该动作______算起;since+_______动词的过去式,从该动作_______算起。,短暂性,延续性,发生时,结束时,他入团三年了。,他不是团员三年了。,,It is/has been +some time +since sb did 翻译:根据since后动词是短暂还是延续动词,Not until five days later did Bell send his first telegraph to his assistant Watson. It was not until five days later that Bell sent his first telegraph to his assistant Watson.,(四) 由till, until引导的时间状语从句,延续性动词,,Until,till不能放句首,短暂性动词,强调句,,倒装句,1) We do not realize the value of health until /till we lose it. 2) I worked until / till he came back. 3)______ she told me, I had no idea of what they had said. 4) 句型转换:Bell didn’t send his first telegraph to his assistant Watson until five days later.,(六)其他引导时间状语从句的引导词 Complete the sentences: 1. I meet up with Julie ___________________ (每次)I go to Washington. 2. I thought her nice and honest _________________________(第一次见到她).,each time/every time,the first time I met her,高考链接:,Mary made coffee __________ her guests were finishing their meal.,3. Because of the heavy traffic, it was already time for lunch break _____ she got to her office.,2. Just use this room for the time being, and we’ll offer you a larger one _______________ it becomes available. (有了大屋子马上就给你),while/when,as soon as/ immediately the moment/.,when,4. He had no sooner finished his speech _____ the students started cheering.,than,5. John thinks it won’t be long ______he is ready for his new job.,before,1. If a lot of people say a film is not good, I won’t bother to see it, or I’ll wait when it comes out online.,2. One Friday, we were packing to leave for a weekend away while my daughter heard cries for help.,until/till,3. He was told that it would be at least three more months since he could recover and return to work.,改错:,,when,,before,,4. As is reported, it is 100 years after Qinghua University was founded.,since,,2.地点状语从句,比较: I will go where he went. I’ll go wherever he goes.,,特定地点 不确定地点,You’d better not leave the medicine _____ kids can get at it. Everything was placed exactly _________he wanted it for the graduation ceremony. Children will play __________they happen to be.,wherever,where,where,由 ______________________________引导。,3) _________________ you have come, you may as well stay.,Now that / Since,because,as / because,1) --- Why didn’t he attend the meeting? --- It was __________ he was ill. 2) Wear strong shoes _____________ we shall do a lot of walking today.,because, as, since, now that,3.原因状语从句,1.________ 语气最强,用来回答why提问和用在_____句型中,这时不用as;其他地方不用区分。,2. since/now that 一般译成________(往往放于主句之___),一般指______________的原因.,because,“既然”,强调,前,说话双方都清楚,小结:,1. —Coach, can I continue with the training? —Sorry, you can’t ____________you haven’t recovered from the knee injury. 2.The old man asked Lucy to move to another chair__________ he wanted to sit next to his wife.,because/as,高考链接:,because/as,Complete the sentences: 1.I’d like to arrive 20 minutes early ___________ I can have time for a cup of tea.,so that/ in order that,2. The police officers in our city work hard _________________ the rest of us can live a safe life.,so that/in order that,3.______________we might see the sunrise, we started for the peak early.,In order that,4.目的状语从句,小结: in order that, so that 引导状语从句,意思是___________________,但so that 引导的从句只能置于主句之____.,为了…,后,引导词常有:__________________________________,1)Mike is so good a worker _____ we all believe in him. 2) It was such a good plan ____ we all agreed to accept it. 3) It was such a good plan ____ we all agreed to accept.,that,as,_______ was her cruelty that we all hated her.,Such,so+adj+that从句, such+n+that从句,that,5.结果状语从句,adv.,adj.,SO&SUCH,so (adv.)修饰形容词和副词.主要结构有: 1.so +adj.+a/an +可数名词单数+that从句 2.so+adj./adv.+that从句 3.so+many/few/much/little+复数可数名词+that从句 such(adj.)修饰名词.主要结构有: 1.such+a/an+adj.+单数可数名词+that从句 2.such+adj.+不可数名词+that从句 3.such+adj.+复数可数名词+that从句,常由____________________________________________ ___________________等引导。,Translate the sentences: 1) I won’t call you, unless something unexpected happens. 2)Once environmental damage is done, it takes many years for the ecosystem to recover.,if, unless (if not), so/ as long as, once (一旦), in case(万一),6.条件状语从句,1. _________ he arrives before I get back, please ask him to wait.,In case / If,2. You can borrow my car________________ you promise not to drive too fast .,so/as long as,3. _____ they decide which college to go to, students should research the admission procedures.,Once,4. ______ we have enough evidence, we can’t win the case.,Unless,5._________ there is a fire(万一发生火灾), what will we do first? 6._________ our manager objects to Tom’s joining the club, we shall accept him as a member. 7. ____________________________(只要你不灰心),you will succeed.,In case,Unless,As/So long as you don’t lose heart,(一) ________________引导的状语从句,主句中不能用连词______,但可与__________等副词连用 。 (二) even if/ even though 意为______,引导的状语从句 可以用________语气,I don’t believe we’ve met before, _______________ I must say you do look familiar.,though/ although,though, although,but,yet, still,即使,虚拟,7.让步状语从句,Read and translate: 1) I’ll try it, even if I may fail. 2) Even if I were starving, I wouldn’t ask a favour of him.,请用as 倒装从句翻译下列句子 1._______________(尽管她很忙), she studies English very hard. 2._______________ (尽管他是一名大夫), he knows medicine no better than I. 3. ____________________ (尽管我很钦佩他) as a writer, I do not like him as a man. 4. _______________(即使你尝试), you won’t manage it.,Busy as she is,Doctor as he is,Much as I admire him,Try as you may,(三)_____引导的让步状语从句必须_____:把从句中的____、_____或_________置于句首。 (注意:名词前不加_______,形容词或副词前不要very)。,as,倒装,表语,状语,谓语动词,冠词,________all of them are strong candidates, only one will be chosen for the post. ________ I always felt that I would pass the exam, I never thought I would get an A. A. While B. Once C. If D. Since,While,(四)___________________________,A,(四) While 用于句首, “虽然” “尽管”,(五) ______________表示_________________,这事我得干,不管你喜不喜欢。 I will do it, whether you like it or not.,All people, ______ they are old or young, rich or poor, have been trying their best to help those in need since the disaster.,whether,whether … or…,“不管…还是…”,or,(六)____________与 “no matter +疑问词”引导让步状语从句,表示___________________,1. _____ you may have, you should gather your courage to face the challenge. However a serious problem What a serious problem C. However serious a problem D. What serious a problem,C. However serious a problem,疑问词+ever,Translate: 不管你是谁,都必须遵守规定。,Whoever you are (No matter who you are), you must obey the rules.,“不管……;无论……”,3. It was a nice meal, ______ a little expensive.,1.They promised to develop a software package by the end of this year, __________________________ they might have. (无论可能有什么困难),whatever/no matter what difficulty,高考链接:,as/ though,though /although,4. _____ volleyball is her main focus, she’s also great at basketball. Since B. Once C. Unless D. While,D,2. Strange __________ it might sound, his idea was accepted by all the people at the meeting.,(一),1.He speaks English as if he _____( be ) an Englishman. 2.The injured man acted as if nothing ______________( happen) to him.,(二) as if 或 as though引导的从句常用_________。,were,had happened,Read and translate the sentences: I have changed it as you suggest. He paused as if he found a difficulty.,由__________________引导,位于主句之后。,虚拟语气,翻译:正如老话所说的那样,“人不可貌相”。,“You can’t judge a book by its cover,” as the old saying goes.,as, as if或as though,8.方式状语从句,比较状语从句多由 than和as 引导 Translate: 它比我想象的要贵。,It is (was) more expensive than I thought.,9.比较状语从句,状语从句的省略现象(划出可省略的部分) 1.Don’t speak unless you are spoken to. 2.Once it is seen, it can never be forgotten. 3.While I was in Beijing, I paid a visit to the Summer Palace. 4.Come tomorrow if it is possible. 5.If it is so, you must get back and get it. 6. He acts as if he is a fool. 7. Look out while you are crossing the street. 8. The patient opened his mouth as if he was to speak.,,,,,,,,Conclusion: 连词+_______________________________,过去分词/ 现在分词/不定式/介词短语/ 形容词/名词,,
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