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(改编版)高考英语完形填空解题技巧.doc

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高考英语完形填空解题技巧1.利用首句信息从历年的试题可以看出,完形填空所采用的短文一般不给标题,且首句往往不设空,通常是个完整的句子。这个句子往往是全文的关键句,它是了解全文的窗口,常常包含对解题有用的信息,因此考生要注重细读首句,并据此来判断文章的体裁,题材,推测全文的主旨和大意,推断故事发生的人物、地点、时间、气氛等多方面的特征,争取开局顺利。2.利用前后暗示 完形填空题除了注重考查考生对语境的理解外,还经常在完形填空的短文中设置前后互相暗示的考题。这里需要注意的是:若是前面暗示后面,做题相对来说比较容易。但从对历届考题的研究情况来看,这种暗示多为后面暗示前面,也就是说前面的某些填空从当时的情况来看,或是线索不清,或是语境不明,无法填出,但只要我们继续往后看,就会发现此空在后面的某个地方有暗示。所以,考生在做题时一定要充分利用这一特点,以提高做题的准确率。3.利用逻辑推理 做完形填空题的过程从本质上说是一个阅读推理的过程。为了能够准确、快速地理解文章内容,考生必须把握作者的思路,使自己的思维模式与作者的思维模式相吻合,同时考生还必须不断地从各个角度进行合乎逻辑的推理,并不断地验证推理的正确性,以达到理解全文、解决问题的目的。正确分析推理是恰当解题的必要条件,而恰当解题又是对题目进行正确分析推理的必然结果。4. 利用语境因素文章是一个具有内在联系的整体,而上下文则是营造语境的基础,也是逻辑推理的依据.通读全文,理顺大意,根据上下文找出信息词是做好完形填空题的关键.近年来,高考试题中的完形填空题在命题设计上的趋势是朝着深层化及语境化的方面挖掘,逐渐摈弃单纯的语言分析考查,而越来越侧重逻辑推理判断.因此,只有借助上下文乃至全文语境的启示或限定才能够准确做出判断.5. 利用语法分析尽管近几年的高考完形填空题主要考察考生对语境的理解,很少考查纯语法知识的运用,但是借助语法分析来帮助理解句子,推测语境,判断搭配等,却是必不可少的.因此考生做题时应充分利用平时所学的语法及词汇,名词的可数与不可数,动词的及物与不及物以及句子结构等知识.6. 利用文化背景和生活常识 高考完形填空往往以自身的内容提供相对完整的语篇信息,但其间交织渗透着各类相关的文化背景知识和常识,如文化,风俗,生活常识以及科学知识等.考生在做题时可充分利用社会文化知识和生活常识,并注意中西方文化方面存在的差异将会大大简化复杂的分析与判断过程,节省宝贵的时间,顺理成章的选出正确的答案.7.利用语篇标志语篇指比句子长的语言单位,语篇标志指语篇之间有内在联系的词语.常见的语篇标志语有:1)结构层次:“secondly、 thirdly、 finally”等;2)时间关系:“before、 after、 later”等;3)因果关系:“because、 for、 since 、as so 、therefore、 thus”等;4)话题关系:“by the way”等;5)转折关系:“but 、however、 nevertheless、 on the contrary”等’6)递进关系:“in addition、 besides 、then 、what’s more、 further”等7)并列关系:“and 、and also、 or 、neither…nor……、either……or……、not only……but also……、as well、similarly、in the same way、that is to say”等8)让步关系:“although、though、even though、even if、no matter+疑问词”等9)条件关系:“if、only if、if only”等.8.利用习惯用法和词语辨析知识习惯用法是英语中固定的结构,是不能随意改的.平时学习中应注意积累及掌握好习惯用法.同时,应多注意词语辨析及词语搭配,要培养在特定语境中灵活运用词语的能力.二、(一) 完形填空的题型特点 近几年来的完形填空题,有以下几个特点: 1. 短文难度基本稳定,与高中英语教材课文难易基本相当。 2. 短文选材一般为故事性文章,采用其他题材的文章还是不具有普遍性。但往往不按时间顺序平铺直叙,有插叙或倒叙,有时还夹有描述和议论。 3. 短文的第一句不设空格,提供给考生一个思路,以便考生做题。 4. 考查内容主要是逻辑上的通顺,极少是考语法,所以每题四个选项大多属同一语法范畴。 5. 短文长度基本稳定,一般都是300多个单词。三、 完形填空的解题步骤  时间分配:  1)通读全文,领会大意(2-3分钟);  2)逐句阅读,选出答案 (6-7分钟);  3)猜测难点、整体复查(2-3分钟)。  1. 跳过空格、通读全文、把握大意。先跳过空格,通读试题所给的的短文,获得整体印象,做到弄清文脉、抓住主旨,较好地把握短文大意。要在阅读理解短文的基础上才开始判定选择,切忌仓促下笔。  2. 结合选项、综合考虑、初定答案。在理解全文意思的基础上,再结合所给选项细读全文,联系上、下文内容,注意从上、下文的语法结构和词语搭配及从选择项中寻找解题的提示,以词、句的意义为先,再从分析句子结构入手,根据短文意思、语法规则、词语固定搭配等进行综合考虑,对备选项逐一进行分析、比较和筛选,排除干扰项、初步选定答案。  3. 瞻前顾后、先易后难、各个击破。动笔时要瞻前顾后、通篇考虑、先易后难。对比较明显直接的、自己最有把握的答案先做,一下子不能确定答案的,先跳过这一空格,继续往下做,最后回过头来再集中精力解决难点。这时可结合已确定答案的选项再读一遍短文,随着对短文理解的深入,可以降低试题的难度,提高选择的正确率。  4. 复读全文、逐空验证、弥补疏漏。完成各道题选择后,把所选的答案代入原文,再把全文通读一篇,逐空认真复查。看所选定的答案是否使短文意思前后连贯、顺理成章,语法结构是否正确,是否符合习惯表达法。如发现错误答案或有疑问的,应再次推敲、反复斟酌、做出修正。完形填空解题技巧小结:1.跳过空格、通读全文、把握大意。 2.结合选项、综合考虑、初定答案。   3.瞻前顾后、先易后难、各个击破。 4.复读全文、逐空验证、弥补疏漏。5.结合生活常识和中西方文化选出最佳答案四、做完形填空选择题时应注意如下几点:  1. 完形填空的短文通常没有标题,且文章的首句和尾句一般不设空,要特别注重对首、尾句的理解,因为它们往往提示或点明文章的主题,对理解全文有较大帮助。  2. 第一遍通读带有空缺单词的短文时可能一时把握不住短文内容,弄不清头绪,这是很正常的。此时要注意克服畏难情绪和急躁心理,应稳定情绪,再将短文读一、二遍,直到明确大意为止。  3. 做题时切勿一看到一个空格就急着选出一个答案,这样往往只见树木不见森林。由于缺乏全局观念,极易导致连续选错。因为完形填空不同于单个句子的选词填空,其空白处是位于一篇文章之中,因此必须纵观全文、通篇考虑。  4. 每篇完形填空所设的空多以实词为主,所提供的四个备选项中只有一个是正确的,其它三项均为干扰项。而干扰项也多半与前、后的句子或词组可以形成某种搭配,即如单从语法角度判断则无法确定,还必须从语篇意义上加以鉴别。  5. 动笔时先易后难,先完成容易、有把握的答案,这样可以增强自信心,然后再集中精力解决难点。对于实在无法确定的,可以从文中同样结构或类似结构中寻找提示,大胆地作出猜测。在不能确定答案的情况下,要凭语感和第一感觉。一经确定的答案不要轻易改动。  6. 结合生活常识和中西方文化及上下文选出最佳答案。 1. 2015年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(课标全国卷I)阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。My kids and I were heading into the supermarket over the weekend. On the way ,we spotted a man holding a piece of paper that said, “ __41___ my job. Family to Feed.”At this store, a __42___ like this is not normal. My 10-year-old noticed him and make a __43____ on how bad it must be to have to stand ___44____ in the cold wind.In the store, I asked each of my kids to __45___ something they thought our “friend” there would ___46___. They got apples, a sandwich and a bottle of juice. Then my 17-year-old suggested giving him a ___47____. I thought about it. We were ___48__ on cash ourselves, but… well, sometimes __49___ from our need instead of our abundance is ___50__ what we need to do! All the kids __51____ something they could do away with for the week.When we handed him the bag of __52__, he lit up and thanked us with ___53__ eyes. When I handed him the gift card, saying he could use it for __54____his family might need, he burst into tears.This has been a wonderful ___55__ for our family. For days the kids have been looking for others we can __56___! Things would have played out so __57____ if I had simply said, “No, we really don’t have ___58___ to give more.” Stepping out not only helped a brother in __59___, it also gave my kids the __60____ taste of helping others. It’ll go a long way with them.41. A. Lost B. ChangedC. QuitD. Finished42. A condition B. placeC. sight D. show43. A. suggestion B. comment C. decisionD. call44. A. outside B. proudlyC. byD. angrily45. A. draw B. sayC. arrangeD. pick46. A. order B. supplyC. appreciate D. discover47. A. dollar B. jobC. hot mealD. gift card48. A. easy B. lowC. softD. loose49. A. giving B. savingC. spending D. begging50. A. yet B. evenC. stillD. just51. A. declared B. sharedC. ignoredD. expected52. A . toys B. medicineC. foodD. clothes53. A. sleepy B. wateryC. curiousD. sharp54. A. whoever B. whateverC. whicheverD. whenever55. A. experience B. exampleC. messageD. adventure56. A. rely on B. respectC. learn fromD. help57. A. suddenly B. vividlyC. differentlyD. perfectly58. A. time B. powerC. patienceD. money59. A. fear B. loveC. needD. memory60. A. strong B. sweetC. strangeD. simple解析: [语篇解读]周末我带着孩子们去超市,在门口遇到了一位需要帮助的人。于是我和孩子们向他伸出了援助之手,孩子们按照自已的想法给了这个人帮助。这件事会给孩子们带来长久的影响,陪伴他们走过长长的人生路。【文章大意】本文是一篇记叙文。介绍了作者和孩子们帮助了一位陌生男子,他非常感激,而且作者和孩子们也从帮助别人的过程中体验到了快乐。【语篇导读】这是一篇记叙文,作者讲述了发生在自己身边的一件事。周末的时候作者和孩子们去超市的路上遇到了一个站在寒风中寻求帮助的人,他引导孩子们奉献爱心,快乐自己。通过这次经历,作者诠释了“赠人玫瑰,手留余香”的真谛。文章讲述了在周末作者带孩子们去超市,在路上看到一个需要帮助的人。在超市里作者和孩子买了许多东西给这个歌需要帮助的人,从此以后作者和孩子帮助更多需要帮助的人。 参考译文:我的孩子和我在周末期间正走向超市。在路上,我们发现了一个人拿着一张纸,纸上写着“失去了工作,有一家人要养活”。在商店门口,像这样的情景是不正常的。我十岁的孩子注意到了她,并对此发表了自己的评论,不得不站在外面的寒风中一定是一件非常糟糕的事情。进入商店里,我要求孩子们每人挑选出一件他们认为那儿的那位“朋友”会喜欢的东西。他们买了苹果,三明治和一瓶果汁。然后我的17岁的孩子建议给他一张礼品卡(购物卡)。我对送其礼品卡这件事情考虑了一下。我们自己的钱也快用完了,但是……好的,有时从我们的需要而不是从我们富足出发给予别人东西恰恰是我们需要做的事情!所有的孩子都宣布了自己本周会停止使用的东西。当我们递给他一袋子食品的时候,他一下子高兴起来,眼里含着泪水对我们表示了感谢。其次当我们递给他礼品卡并且说他可以用这张卡来为他家买可能需要的任何东西,他哭了。这件事对我们一家人快来说时一次非常好的经历。多少天以来,孩子们一直在寻找我们能够帮助的其他人!如果那时我对他们只是简单地说:“不,我们真地没有钱给予别人更多的东西。”的话,那么现在事情的发展就不一样了。走出去不仅帮助了一位需要帮助的的兄弟,而且这件事让孩子们品尝到了帮助别人的甜美的滋味。这次经历将对他们有深远的影响。答案:41-45 A C B A D 46-50 C D B A D 51-55 A C B B A 56-60 D C D C B2.2015年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(全国新课标卷Ⅱ)Where do you go when you want to learn something? School? A friend? A tutor? These are all 41 places of learning. But it may well be that the learning you really want 42 somewhere else instead. I had the 43 of seeing this first hand on a 44 .My daughter plays on a recreational soccer team. They did well this season and so 45 a tournament, which normally was only for more skilled club teams. This led to some 46 experiences on Saturday as they played against teams 47 trained. Through the first two games, her 48 did not get one serious shot on goal. As a parent, I 49 seeing my daughter playing her best, 50 still defeated.It seemed that something clicked with the 51 between Saturday and Sunday. When they 52 for their Sunday game, they were 53 different. They had begun to integrate (融合) the kinds of play and teamwork they had 54 the day before into their 55 . They played aggressively and 56 scored a goal.It 57 me that playing against the other team was a great 58 moment for all the girls on the team. I think it is a general principle. 59 is the best teacher. The lessons they learned may not be 60 what they would have gotten in school, but are certainly more personal and meaningful, because they had to work them out on their own.41. A. publicB. traditionalC. officialD. special42. A. passes B. works C. lies D. ends43. A. dream B. idea C. habitD. chance44. A. trip B. holiday C. weekendD. square45. A. wonB. entered C. organizedD. watched46. A. painfulB. strange C. commonD. practical47. A. lessB. poorlyC. newly D. better48. A. fansB. tutors C. class D. team49. A. imaginedB. hatedC. avoidedD. missed50. A. if B. or C. butD. as51. A. girls B. parentsC. coaches D. viewers52. A. dressed B. showed up C. made up D. planned53. A. slightly B. hardlyC. basically D. completely54. A. seen B. knownC. heard D. read55. A. styles B. trainingC. gameD. rules56. A. evenB. stillC. seldom D. again57. A. confusedB. struck C. remindedD. warned58. A. touchingB. thinkingC. encouragingD. learning59. A. ExperienceB. IndependenceC. CuriosityD. Interest60. A. harmful to B. mixed withC. different fromD. applied to解析: 【文章大意】本文是一篇夹叙夹议的文章。作者讲述了通过观看女儿所在的足球队和比自己强的队进行比赛,在实战中学习的过程,总结出看来学习不都是在学校跟着老师学的。[语篇解读] 当你想学东西的时候你会去哪里呢? 学校? 朋友? 导师? 本文通过女儿踢足球的经历介绍一个不同的地方,即通过自己的体验,你会学到更棒更有意义的东西。【语篇导读】这是一篇夹叙夹议文。作者女儿所在的球队因为这个赛季表现突出而入围锦标赛。虽然与强手角逐的前两场比赛中失利,但是善于吸取教训的孩子们在周日的比赛中进球了。通过这次经历,作者得出结论:学习的途径有许多,通过亲身实践得来的经验更加富有意义。试题分析:本文通过看女儿参加的一场足球锦标赛,给我们启发,学校里的学习很重要,但是亲身经历和实践是更好的学习和老师。本文是一篇记叙文。作者的女儿所在的足球队在和训练有素的对手比赛时前两场输了,但是这些女孩子把比赛的经验融合到了第二天的比赛中,终于得分了。作者由此得出了“经验是最好的老师”的结论。参考译文:当你想学东西的时候你会去哪里呢? 学校? 朋友? 导师?这些都是传统意义上的学习的地方。但很可能你真地想要的学习却在其他某个地方。“我”有机会在周末亲眼目睹了女儿的一场足球赛并领悟到了这一点。我女儿在一个业余队里踢球。女儿的球队表现好进入了这个赛季的联赛。这个联赛通常只让技术更加娴熟的俱乐部球队参加。当她们周六对抗的球队是一些受过更好训练的强队时,这给她们带来一些痛苦的经历。通过前两轮比赛,尽管女儿的球队艰难鏖战,还是没有一次真正意义上的射门,作为一位家长,“我”不愿意看到孩子虽然尽力,但还是输了的结果。在周六和周日之间,这群女孩子们似乎突然间明白了什么(好像一下子开窍了)。周六比赛失利,当她们出现在周日的赛场上时,女孩子们的表现与上一场比赛迥然不同。她们开始把前一天在赛场上看到的打法和团队合作精神融合到自己的比赛中。她们踢得很有攻击性,甚至进了一球。这让“我”突然想到和别的队踢球,对队里的每个孩子来说都是学习的时刻。我认为这是一个普遍原则。经历是最好的老师。孩子们通过赛场总结的经验或许与课堂上学到的经验并无二致(可能不会有太大的不同),但从赛场上获取的经验肯定会更有个性化,更加有意义。因为那是靠亲自实践得来的。答案:41-45 B C D C B 46-50 A D D B C 51-55 A B D A C 56-60 A B D A C2016年新课标Ⅰ卷第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Heroic Driver Larry works with Transport Drivers. One morning in 2009. Larry was __41__along 165 north after delivering to one of his 42 . Suddenly, he saw a car with its bright lights on 43 he got closer, he found 44 vehicle upside down on the road. One more look and he noticed 45 shooting out from under the 46 vehicle. Larry pulled over, set the brake and 47 the fire extinguisher (灭火器). Two good bursts from the extinguisher and the fire was put out.The man who had his bright lights on 48 and told Larry he had 49 an emergency call. They 50 heard a woman’s voice coming from the wrecked (毁坏的) vehicle. 51 the vehicle, they saw that a woman was trying to get out of the broken window. They told her to stay 52 until the emergency personnel arrived, 53 she thought the car was going to 54 . Larry told her that he had already put out the fire and she should not move 55 she injured her neck.Once fire and emergency people arrive, Larry and the other man 56 and let them go to work. Then, Larry asked the 57 if he was needed or 58 to go. They let him and the other man go.One thing is 59 —Larry went above and beyond the call of duty by getting so close to the burning vehicle! His 60 most likely saved the woman’s life.41. A. walking B. touring C.traveling D.rushing42. A. passengers B. colleagues C. employers D. customers43. A. Since B. Although C. As D. If44. A. each B. another C. that D. his45. A. flames B. smoke C. water D. steam46. A. used B. disabled C. removed D. abandoned47. A. got hold of B. prepared C. took charge of D. controlled48. A. came down B. came through C. came in D. came over49. A. returned B. received C. made D. confirmed50. A. then B. again C. finally D. even51. A. Starting B. Parking C. Passing D. Approaching52. A. quiet B. still C. away D. calm53. A. for B. so C. and D. but54. A. explode B. slip away C. fall apart D. crash55. A. as if B. unless C. in case D. after56. A. stepped forward B. backed off C. moved on D. set out57. A. woman B. police C. man D. driver58. A. forbidden B. ready C. asked D. free59. A. for certain B. for consideration C. reported D. checked60. A. patience B. skills C. efforts D. promise【答案】41-45 CDCBA 46-50 BADCA 51-55 DBDAC 56-60 BBDAC【解析】试题分析:本文是一篇记叙文主要介绍了Larry在送货回来的路上遇到了一辆着火的汽车。他不顾个人安危,勇敢地拿起灭火器去救火,灭火后他才发现原来汽车里还有幸存的人员,他的行为挽救了他人的生命。41.C 考查动词辨析及语境理解。故事发生的时候他在沿着公路行驶。故选C。42.D考查动词辨析及语境理解。Larry是送货司机,由此推断他应该是在给客户送完货后回去的路上。43.C考查连词辨析及语境理解。Since自从,由于;Although 尽管; As “当…时候;If如果;根据语境判断当他走近的时候,他又发现了另一辆汽车。故选C。44.B考查代词辨析及语境理解。Each 每个;another 另一个; that 那个; his他的;根据前句Suddenly, he saw a car with its bright lights on,可知当时有一辆亮着大灯的车,由此判断他又发现一辆损毁的汽车。45.A考查名词辨析及语境理解。根据第一段末句the fire was put out可知当时汽车是着火了。Flame火苗;smoke烟;water水;steam蒸汽。故选A。46.B考查形容词词辨析及语境理解。根据第二段中a women’s voice coming from the wrecked vehicle,可知汽车是毁坏了的,used使用;disabled 残废的;removed被移除了的;abandoned被遗弃的。故选47.A考查动词辨析及语境理解。根据后句可知他下车去灭火。Get hold of拿起;prepare准备;take charge of负责;control控制。故选A。48.D考查动词辨析及语境理解。根据and told Larry he had _48__ an emergency call可知,那个司机走了过来和Larry说话。Come down下来;come through 经历;come in进来;come over 走过来。故选D。49.C考查动词辨析及语境理解。根据下文警察来了可知这个司机打了电话报警。Return 归还; receive a call 接到电话;make a call 打电话; confirm确认。 故选C。50.A考查副词辨析及语境理解。根据语境判断他们听到车内有人发出的声音。Then那时;again再次;finally终于;even甚至。故选A。51.D考查动词辨析及语境理解。根据上文可知汽车着火了,情况很危险,由此推断当时Larry离汽车远,所以他是走近了之后才看到车内的那位女士。Start the car发动汽车;park a car 停放汽车;pass a car路过汽车;approach a car 走近汽车。故选D。52.B考查形容词辨析及语境理解。根据本段末句she should not move可知,Larry让这名女士不要动。Quiet 安静的;still不动的;away远离的;calm沉着的;故选 B。53.D考查连词辨析及语境理解。根据后句可以推断这位受困的女士想从汽车里出来,而;Larry不让她动,怕她伤到脖子,这两句话之间是转折关系。故选D。54.A考查动词辨析及语境理解。根据后句内容判断这位妇女害怕汽车会爆炸,故选A。55.C考查短语和介词辨析及语境理解。根据上文可知Larry害怕她脖子会受伤,前后句之间是假设关系。故选C。56.B考查动词短语辨析及语境理解。根据后句内容可以推断他们为了不妨碍警察救人,都退到后面。Stepped forward 迈步向前;backed off退后; moved on 继续前行;set out出发;根据句意选B。57.B考查名词辨析及语境理解。根据上文Once fire and emergency people arrived可知是救援的警察赶到现场。woman 妇女;police 警察;man 男人; driver司机;故选B。58.D考查形容词辨析及语境理解。根据后句可知警察让他离开了,由此判断Larry询问警察他是否可以离去。Forbidden被禁止的;ready有准备的; asked 被问到的; free自由的。Be free to do sth 自由地做某事。故选D。59.A考查短语辨析及语境理解。根据上文可知Larry救人的事实是确定无疑的。for certain 确定无疑; for consideration 以供参考; report报道;check核实;故选A。60.C考查名词辨析及语境理解。Patience耐心;skill技能;effort努力;promise承诺;根据从上文可知Larry的努力挽救了别人的性命。 故选C。考点:考查故事类短文阅读(3) In our discussion with people on how education can help them succeed in life, a woman remembered the first meeting of an introductory__36__course about 20 years ago. The professor __37__the lecture hall, placed upon his desk a large jar filled with dried beans(豆), and invited the students to _38_how many beans the jar contained. After __39__shouts of wildly wrong guesses the professor smiled a thin, dry smile, announced the __40__ answer, and went on saying, ”You have just __41__an important lesson about science. That is Never__42__ your own senses.” Twenty years later, the __43__could guess what the professor had in mind. He __44__himself, perhaps, as inviting his students to start an exciting __45__into an unknown world invisible(无形的)to the 46 ,which can be discovered only through scientific 47 . But the seventeen-year-old girl could not accept or even 48 the invitation. She was just 49 to understand the world. And she 50 that her firsthand experience could be the 51 .The professor, however, said that it was 52 .He was taking away her only 53 for knowing and was providing her with no substitute. “I remember feeling small and 54 ,”the women says, “and I did the only thing I could do. I 55 the course that afternoon, and I haven’t gone near science since.”36.A.artB.historyC.scienceD.math37.A.searched for B.looked atC.got throughD.marched into38.A.countB.guessC.reportD.watch39.A.warningB.givingC.turning awayD.listening to40.A.readyB.possibleC.correctD.difficult41.A.learnedB.preparedC.taughtD.taken42.A.loseB.trustC.sharpenD.show43.A.lecturerB.scientistC.speakerD.woman44.A.describedB.respectedC.sawD.served45.A.voyageB.movementC.changeD.rush46.A.professor B.eye C.knowledge D.light47.A.model B.senses C.spine D.methods48.A.hear B.make C.present D.refuse49.A.suggestingB.beginning C.pretending D.waiting50.A.believed B.doubted C.proved D.explained51.A.growth B.strength C.faith D.truth52.A.firm B.interestingC.wrong D.acceptable53.A.task B.tool C.success D.connection54.A.cruel B.proud C.frightened D.brave55.A.dropped B.started C.passed D.missed解析:36.C.考查名词,由第二段最后教授说的话可知,这是一节关于自然科学的课,因此填science。37.D.考查动词词组辨析,教授走近教室,把一个盛满豆子的坛子放在讲桌上。march into “走进去”。38.B.考查动词,根据第二段第二句中的wrong guesses可知此空填guess。教授先让同学们猜坛子里有多少豆子。39.D.考查动词,听了(listening to)同学们的瞎猜后,教授笑了……40.C.考查形容词,教授公布了正确(correct)答案。41.A.考查动词,接着,他说:“你们刚刚学习(learned)了关于自然科学的重要一课。”42.B.考查动词,那就是:永远不要相信(trust)你们的感觉。上文教授让同学们猜一猜坛子里有多少豆子,可是大家凭感觉猜的结果并不正确,故此处用trust。43.D.考查名词,文章第一句提到一位女士(woman)讲述了自己第一次上自然科学课的经历,故选D。44.C.考查动词,他认为(saw)自己正把学生引入求知的旅途。45.A.考查名词,参见上题解析。本句是比喻。教授引导学生学习自然科学,就像是开始了激动人心的旅程(voyage)。46.B.考查名词,那些只是就像隐藏在坛子里的豆子,是肉眼(eye)看不见的。47.D.考查名词,只有通过科学的方法(methods)才能发现未知世界的奥秘。48.A.考查动词作者再次采用了比喻的手法。那天,教授给学生演示学习自然科学的方法,就像是发出了邀请函,请同学们和他一起踏上征程,探索未知的世界。可是,那个17岁的小姑娘,既没接受,也没听到(hear)老师的邀请。49.B.考查动词,她只是刚开始(beginning)了解这个世界。50.A.考查动词,她相信(believed)第一手的经验是真实可信的。51.D.考查名词,参见上题解析。truth“事实,真理”。52.C.考查形容词,可是,教授却说那是错误的(wrong)。53.B.考查名词,教授拿走了她唯一的求知工具(tool),但是并未给她提供一个替代品。54.C.考查形容词,这位女士回忆说:“记得当时我觉得自己非常渺小和恐惧(frightened)”。55.A.考查动词,“我只做了一件我能做的事情。那天下午放弃(dropped)了这门课程,此后再也没有走近科学。”11
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