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(高三英语写作课教案)How to write a composition.doc

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高三英语写作课教案How to write composition 英语 写作 教案 How
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How to write a composition ?(高三英语写作课教案)教学目的:教会学生用英语准确表达表格中涉及的要点。教学重点:引导学生根据表格中的中文要点,由词成句,由句成文。最后适当使用连接词,组句成篇,实现用词准确,行文流畅。教学辅助手段:电脑(或实物投影仪)教学方法:讨论法4教学步骤:一、介绍书面表达六步法(Introduction)1.仔细审题,确立主题,明确要求.2.围绕主题,提炼要点,编拟提纲.3.分析要点及提纲,提炼关键单词和短语4.恰当使用句型,连词成句5.恰当使用连接词,组句成篇6.规范誊写二、呈现学生得分情况(Presentation)反映出学生得分差距,引起学生共鸣:希望在作文上获得提高。三、讨论 (Discussion)1.写作人称为第三人称和第一人称,词数150词左右,时态一般现在时.2.明确要点,确定核心词、词组、句型。(要点“你的看法”:鼓励学生畅所欲言,激起课堂高潮。)四、呈现(Presentation)1. 高考英语写作关键:A.学会使用较高级词汇。B.学会使用较丰富的句式。C.学会使用恰当的连接词。2.呈现学生作文中出现的典型句子。要求学生用高级词汇、高级句型进行改写,加以完善。3. 展示挖空后的范文,要求学生填入适当的关联词,并指出范文中的精彩之处。五、反馈 (Feedback)1.学生修改作文,互查互改错误。2. 教师总结。首先,针对文中学生未找出或改对的错误,帮助学生一起改正。其次,对文中的错误之处进行分类(如:名词复数、动词时态、介词等),引起学生的重视。六、提高书面表达建议:(Suggestions)1.准确记忆单词2.掌握足够的语言知识点,如构词法,语法知识等3.经常进行写作练习4.适当背诵作文参考答案5.大量阅读七、作业 (Assignment)发给学生另一篇体裁相似的书面表达材料,要求学生根据本课所学思路独力完成。Teaching planTopic: writing a compositionTeaching Aims:According to the form, teach students how to write a composition using the effective sentences. Train the students’ writing ability.Teaching Important Points:1.Improve the students’ writing ability.2. Teach the students how to get the key words and how to use effective sentences to complete a coherent composition.Teaching Methods:Discussion, Presentation Teaching Aids:1.the multimedia2.the blackboardTeaching Procedures:Step 1:Introduction of the basic elementsSix steps to write a composition ① Analyzing the task②Finding out the main points③Thinking of key points/phrases④Forming sentences⑤Combining the sentences into a passage⑥Copying normallyStep 2:Showing results:Five levels:level 1 21-24: 2 people (excellent)level 2 16-20: 15 people (Above average) level 3 11-15: 21 people (average level)level 4 6-10: (below average)level 5 1-5: ask: As you can see, only 5 students in our class got a mark above 18. Are you satisfied with this result?(Ss: No. )Do you want to make some improvements?(Ss: Yes.)Say: OK, now let’s analyze the composition together.Step 3 Discussing the compositionPresent the writing materials to the class, ask students to do some brainstorming:目前,许多学校对学生采取封闭式管理,学生对此看法不一。请根据下表所提供的信息,写一篇短文,谈谈自己的看法。(字数:150左右)有的同学认为有的同学认为1. 学校限制我们的自由;2. 学生和社会接触少;3. 学生的兴趣和爱好得不能得到充分的发展。因此…1. 学校是学习知识的地方;2. 学生应该安心在学校里学习;3. 学生缺乏自觉性,离开了老师,可能会…你的看法:….① Analyzing the task: 写作人称为第三人称和第一人称,词数150词左右,时态一般现在时.②Finding out the main points第一段:有的同学认为:1.学校限制我们的自由.2.学生和社会接触少.3.学生的兴趣和爱好得不到充分的发展.因此…第二段:有的同学认为:4.学校是学习知识的地方.5.学生应该安心在学校里学习.6.学生缺乏自觉性,离开了老师,可能会….第三段:你的看法: 7.呈现观点:赞成哪一方? 8.说明理由/提出措施③Thinking of key points/phrases :1.Let the students work in groups of four to get the key words of each point orally. 2. Ask several students to report their answers to the rest of the class. Present these key words and phrases to the whole class. (Point 7&8 is flexible, encourage students to express whatever they want to say freely. If they can’, Chinese is also allowed. Then help them to translate what they say into English.)要点序号关键单词和短语1. Limit freedom2.Have little chance to get in touch with3. Interests and hobbies/ fully developed4. The best place to get knowledge5. Put one’s heart into6.Lack the ability to control / affect7. It is ….to keep students at school / (dis)agree to8. Organize various activities /develop .④Forming sentences (pay attention to the use of conjunction)Ask students to say sentences one by one according to the points given.Step 4 Presentation1. Three keys to improving your composition: A. learn to use superior phrases. B. learn to use abundant sentences. C. learn to use suitable conjunction.逻辑角度合适的过渡性词汇时间顺序first, then, finally/at last , soon after, immediately, suddenly, next空间顺序here, there, on one side…on the other side,in front of, at the back of, next to 并列关系and, as well as, also转折关系but, however, yet, instead, though, otherwise, despite, on the contrary, in spite of因果关系because, since, as, thanks to, as a result, thus, owing to, due to条件关系as long as, so long as, on condition that, if, unless对比关系similarly, like, unlike, on the contrary, on the other hand,递进关系Besides, in addition, moreover, what’s more, furthermore, what’s worse, to make matter worse举例for example, for instance, such as, in other words, that is to say让步关系though, as, even if/though, whether, who/where/what/when+ever总结归纳in general, generally speaking, above all, after all, in short, in a word, in brief, in conclusion, all in all过渡性插入语I think, I’m afraid, you know, as we all know, as far as I know, in my opinion, personally2.Change sentences:(Present some typical sentences written by the students to the class. Ask students to use superior phrases or sentences to change the sentences)⑴. In addition, students don’t have the ability to control themselves.→In addition , students lack the ability to control themselves. /In addition, students can’t manage themselves well due to a lack of self-control.⑵ They may play computer games and forget to study.→They may spend much time playing computer games instead of studying. /They may get addicted to playing computer games instead of studying hard.⑶ In school we should study hard. → In school we should concentrate on/be absorbed in /devote our body and soul to studies.⑷ Keep students in school all day are bad for students. →It’s bad to keep students at school all day.⑸School is the best place to get a lot of knowledge, students should put their heart into their studies in school.→School is the best place to get a lot of knowledge so that students should put their heart into their studies in school. ⑹Some students can’t behave themselves well but for teachers remind us.→Some students couldn’t have behaved themselves well but for/without teachers’ help ./Some students can’t behave themselves well unless teachers remind us to do so .⑺Some students leave the school may do something unrelated to their studies.→Once they leave school, they may do something unrelated to their studies.⑻We can only enjoy ourselves when we have school holidays.. →Only when schools break up can we enjoy ourselves.3.Fill in the blanks: Present the model one (without some conjunction )to the whole class, ask students to fill in suitable conjunction ,Nowadays a lot of schools keep their students in school all day long. Students have different opinions about it. Some of the students think they enjoy less freedom , and have little chance to get in touch with society .They are not able to fully develop their interests and hobbies ,______they have less interest in their studies. Some other think school is the best place to get knowledge _________they should put their heart into their studies.________, Some students lack the ability to control themselves ._______out of school, they may lose control of themselves and do something that will affect their studies. _________, it is necessary to keep students at school .________at the same time schools should organize various activities ______ students can enjoy their school life.Step 5. Feedback1. Let the students work in groups to correct each other’s composition and try to find out as many mistakes as they can. 2. Classify the typical mistakes.Step 6. Suggestions:1 remember as many words and phrases as you can . 2.Have a good knowledge of language points.3.Practise more4.Recite good passages regularly.5.Do a lot of reading Step 7. Assignment
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