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(小升初)形容词的比较级和最高级知识讲解及练习.doc

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小升初 形容词 比较级 最高级 知识 讲解 练习
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形容词的比较级和最高级知识讲解及练习Ⅰ. 常见的形容词及比较级和最高级的构成(规则变化):①. 在单词末尾加________ 构成比较级; 加the 和______ 构成最高级。如: small(小的)→_________ (更小的) →________ _______ (最小的) 第1页 共4页short短的long长的new新的 young年轻的 kind和蔼的 clean干净的quiet宁静的calm 镇静的clever聪明的smart机灵的cold寒冷的cool凉爽的warm暖和的tall高的 ②. 在单词末尾加________ 构成比较级; 加the 和______ 构成最高级。如: nice(漂亮的)→_________ (更漂亮的) →__________________ (最漂亮的)large 大的white白的fine好的late晚的③. 先改单词末尾的______ 为______, 加________ 构成比较级; 加the 和______ 构成最高级。如: funny(风趣的)→_________ (更风趣的) →________________ (最风趣的)scary恐怖的 pretty漂亮的friend友好的ugly难看的lazy懒惰的 shy害羞的 curly卷曲的heavy重的 easy容易的④. 先双写在单词末尾的_________字母 , 再加________ 构成比较级;加the 和______ 构成最高级。如: red(红的)→________ (更红的) →________________ (最红的)red 红的big大的 hot热的thin瘦的fat胖的 ⑤. 在单词前加________构成比较级;加_________ _________ 构成最高级 如:interesting(有趣的)→_____________ (更有趣的)→_________________ (最有趣的)interesting有趣的 boring 无聊的difficult困难的 relaxing 轻松的exciting 令人激动的 different不同的 famous著名的 beautiful美丽的surprised感到惊讶的 popular流行的unfriendly不友善的的delicious美味的expensive昂贵的 crowded拥挤的athletic 体格强健的serious 严肃的outgoing 活泼的 easygoing平易近人的 第4页,共4页⑥. 特殊变化: 原级比较级最高级goo/ wellbetterbestmany/ muchmoremostbad / badly(坏地)worseworstlittlelessleastoldOlder(年龄)/ elder(辈份)oldest/ eldestfarfarther距离/ further(深奥的)farthest/ furthestⅡ. 形容词比较级的用法:表示两者(人或物)的比较。⒈ 比较级+than从句表示两者比较( A … 比较级+than B )①. 他比我高。He is ________ (tall) than me.②. 他的头发比我的短。His hair is ________(short) than _________.③. Tom比我胖。 Tom is _____ (fat) than me.④. 谁跑得快些,Lucy 还是Lily? Who runs _________, Lucy or Lily? ⑤. 英语比语文重要。English is _______________ (important) than Chinese.⑥. 我来的比你晚。I come _______ (late) than you.⑦. 他比你小2岁。He’s 2 years _________ than you.⒉ 表示两者“相等”用,as+形容词原级+比较对象: (A … as 原级 B )①他和我一样高。 He is as ________ (tall) as I/me.②英语比语文重要。English is as _______________ (important) as Chinese.③他的头发和我的头发一样长。His hair is ________ ________ _______ mine.④他学习和你一样努力。He works _______ hard ______ you. ⒊ 表示“不如”, “不相等”时,用“not+as/so+形容词原级+as+比较对象”。①他没我高。He is ______ ________ (tall) as me.②今天没有昨天暖和。Today is ______ _______ _______(warm) _______ yesterday. =Yesterday ______ ________ than today.③他昨天来得没有我早。He _________ come ________ early as I (did) yesterday.比较级前可用much / a lot / far(… 得多), a little(稍微) ,still, no, even(甚至), any 等表示程度;形容词、副词前如有:very, too, quite(非常), rather(相当)等修饰,一般用原级。比较: He is much ___________( well) today. It’s much ____________ (expensive).He is very __________ (well) today. It’s too ___________ (expensive)△⒋“比较级 +and+ 比较级”表示“越来越…” 天气越来越冷了。It’s getting ______ and _______(cold)△⒌ “The+ 比较级…,the+ 比较级…”表示“越…,就越…越多越好 The ________, the _______.Ⅲ. 形容词最高级的用法:表示三者或三者以上(人或物)的比较,其中有一个超过其他几个。形容词最高级前要加the,后面通常带of(in)短语来说明比较的范围(of 后的名词或代词表示与主语属同一类;in 表示时间或空间范围)。①在我们班上他最高。 He is __________ ( tall) _____ our class.②玛丽是这三个学生中最小的。Mary is __________ (young) ______ the three students.【Exercise】一.出下列单词的比较级1.tall___________2.quiet____________ 3.funny_______________4.heavy___________5.thin_____________6.big______________7.outgoing_____________8.wild________9.little_____________10.good____________11.bad_______________12.many__________二、单选题1.Tina is ________ than Linda. A.shortB.more shorterC.shorterD.shorter2.This question is ________ than that one. A.easyer B.more easyC.easy D.easier3.I’m ________ younger than her. A.a fewB.a littleC.littleD.few4.My friend is the same _______ me. A.toB.asC.with D.in5.The girl is as _____________ as her mother.A.beautifulB.more beautifulC.beautifuleD.more beautifuler6.Lily is _________ of the two. A.tallerB.tallestC.the tallerD.tall7.The box is ________ heavier than that one. A.muchB.veryC.more D.so三、同义句。1.He is 14 years old. His friend is 12 years old.=His friend is __________ __________ he.2.Our bikes are not the same as theirs.=Our bikes are __________ _________ theirs.3.He is healthier than his friend.=He _______ _________ ________ of the two.4.The girl is smarter than her classmates.=The girl is smarter than_______ ________ ________ in her class.5.He is less popular than her.=He is not _______ popular ________ her. =She is _______ ______ than him. 参考答案:一.1.taller 2.quieter 3.funnier 4.heavier 5.thinner 6.bigger7.more outgoing 8.wilder 9.less 10.better 11.worse 12.more二.1-5 CDBBA 6-7 CA三.1. younger than 2. different from3. is the healthier 4. any other student5.as as ; more popular
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