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2016人教版八年级英语比较级与最高级的复习课件.ppt

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2016 人教版八 年级 英语 比较级 最高级 复习 课件
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比较级和最高级的复习,专题复习一,将二者进行比较时,用比较级。,将三者或三者以上进行比较时,用最高级。,,,什么情况下应用比较级和最高级?,Linda比Jane更高。 Linda is _____ _____ Jane. 2. 这个盒子比那个盒子重。 This box is _____ _____ that one. 3.Jim比他哥哥学习努力。 Jim studies _____ _____ his brother. 4. 今天的日子比昨天重要。 Today is _____ _____ _____ yesterday. 5.夏天是一年里最热的季节。 Summer is _____ _____ season of the year. 6.这个问题是所有问题当中最有趣的。 This problem is _____ ______ _______ of all . 7. 他今天来学校比以前晚。 He came to school _____ than before. 8.Lisa是班上最好的学生。 Lisa is _____ _____ in her class.,taller than,heavier than,harder than,more important than,the hottest,the most interesting,later,the best,tall heavy hard important hot interesting late good,自我检测,Do you remember the rules ?,形容词和副词的比较级和最高级的构成,一、规则变化:,二、不规则变化:,funny, serious, smart, calm, fine, wild, hot, fat, nice outgoing, beautiful, close, dirty, easy, thin, tall,smarter calmer wilder,funnier easier dirtier,hotter thinner fatter,more outgoing more serious more beautiful,finer nicer closer,1. 一般情况下加-er或-est,2. 以字母e结尾的形容词副词,加-r或-st,4.重读闭音节单词词尾只有一个辅音字母时,应先双写辅音字母,再加-er或-est,3.以 “辅音字母+y”结尾的双音节词,先改“y”为“i”,再加-er或est.,5. 部分双音节词或多音节词前面加more,most.,,小组合作,将下列单词按照比较级最高级变化规则分类, 并写出其比较级形式。,6. 不规则变化,两好,三坏,两多,一少,一远,一老,better best,worse worst,more most,less least,farther farthest further furthest,older/ elder oldest/eldest,比较等级用法补充:,一.原级:(同级比较),1.表示两者在某一方面相同时:as + 形容词或副词的原形+ as,eg. Li Ming is as tall as me. 李明和我一样高。 Tom runs as fast as Jack. 汤姆和杰克跑的一样快。,2. 表示一方在某一方面不如另一方时:not as/ so+ 形容词或副词的原形+ as,eg. I am not so busy as I used to be. 我不像过去那么忙了,二.比较级,1. “比较级 + and +比较级“ 表示“越来越……”,eg. Our country is getting stronger and stronger.,,2.“the +比较级,the +比较级“ 表示“越……就越……”,eg. The busier he is, the happier he feels.,3.“the +比较级+ of“ 表示“两者中更……的那个”,John is the taller of the two. 约翰是两个人中比较高的。,4.“could not + 比较级……“ 表示“不可能更……”,we could not get a better result. 我们不能得到更好的结果了。,5. “which/who is + 比较级,Aor B?“ 表示“A和B中,哪一个更……”,Who is older, Li Ming or Jack?,三.可以用在比较级前的词有:,1.表示程度:many,much , even, far, still, a little, a bit .,Yao Ming is much taller than Pan Changjiang.,I’m two years older than you. 我比你大两岁 The mountain is 3 times higher than that one. 这座山比那座山高三倍,2.数词+比较级 :,play a role,自我展示,Snow White And Seven Dwarfs,DOC:小医生,Grumpy:小生气,Happy:小快乐,Sleepy:小瞌睡,Sneezy:小喷嚏,Dopey:小笨蛋,Bashful:小害羞,A journey to save Snow White,Why do you want to save Snow White?,用这些形容词说明公主与王后的不同。kind cute friendly beautiful outgoing big eyes ugly many friends . eg:Snow White is kinder than the queen.,DOC:,Prince:,,比较它们的外貌。以very pretty so等修饰形容词原级和a little much 等修饰比较级的用法,以及比较级、最高级的相互转换。,How much do you know about them?,Sleepy:,Prince:,,Grumpy考察王子是否有足够的知识和智慧: 1.Which river is the longest in China ?and the second longest? 2.Which country has the largest people? 3.Which mountin is the highest?,Prince:,,可从以下几个方面对比 house people trees food air sky.,Prince:,Sneezy:对远道而来的客人很惊讶,对王子的城堡生活很好奇:,Is your life the same as ours?用同级比较句型,big/small tall and green beautiful/ nice delicious friendly clean .,,The more we get together, together, together , the more we get together, the happier we'll be. For your friends are my friends, And my friends are your friends. The more we get together, the happier we'll be.,Prince:,Bashfull:,拦路歌 The more we get together,,I can't do well,can you help me with my homework?,Dopey:,Prince:,Sure,I'd love to,,1.(2011宁夏27题)—Need I wash your car after repairing it? —Yes,that would be much __. A.good B.well C. better D. best 2.(2010宁夏24题) She is very good at painting.She can paint__her teacher. A.as better as B.as well as C .as good as D.so well as 3. My friend Tony has __ hair than I and he's__than I. A. long,outgong B. more longer,more outgoing C. longer,more outgoing D.longer,outgoing 4.I think English is as __as chinese. A. important B. more important C. most important D.the most important 5.My sister is really good at high jump. She jumps ______ than the other students in her school. A. the highest B. very high C. much higher D. too high,√,√,√,√,√,,,6.She always does her homework ____ than her brother. A. more careful B. careful C. more carefully D.carefully 7.She looks very__ I think she needs to have a rest. A. tired B. hard C. well D. hardly 8. The air in Beijing is getting much__now than a few years ago. A. clean B. cleaner C. cleanest D. the cleanest 9. Nowadays science fiction isn’t as __ as cartoons among teenagers. A. popular B. more popular C. less popular D. the most popular 10. We are glad to see that Shanghai is developing ___ these years than ever before. A. quickly B. less quickly C. more quickly D. the most quickly,√,√,√,√,√,,,,,11.Jack has three friends. Mike is the ___ of the four. A. most clever B. more clever C. cleverest D. clever 12—Remember, boys and girls. __ you work,___ result you will get. —We know, Miss Gao. A. The better, the harder B. The harder, the better C. The hard, the better D. The harder, the good 13. The box is very__.I can't carry it. A. heavy B. heavier C. heaviest D.heavily 14.Li Hua's shoes are as__ as Zhang Hua's. A. cheap B. cheaper C. the cheaper D.the cheapest 15. In the piano contest, my brother didn't play well and I did __. A. very well B. much better C. very good D.even worse,√,√,√,√,√,,16 Now China has joined WTO,so I think English is __useful than before. A. more B. most C.much D.many 17 Mum,this T-thirt is much too small for me. Would you buy me a __one? A. nice B. large C.nicer D.larger 18This year the villagers have produced__rice__they did two years ago. A. less,than B. as less,as C.fewer,than D.as few,as 19 --Do you enjoy traveling by air? --No,it's __expensive. A. too much B. more much C.much D.much too 20--What do you think of this writing? --Oh,no one does __. A. good B. well C.better D.best,√,√,√,√,√,,Happy为王子而感动: 要求王子记录拯救白雪公主的过程,以便让A journey to save Snow White 的故事流传于世.(所给单词适当形式填空,个别单词可重复使用) Snow White is the ____ girl in the world. She is also very ____ and ____ . She always helps others. Her stepmother, the queen is not as ____ as her. She is so ____ that she gives Snow White a poisonous apple. The girl eats the apple and becomes ill. She is becoming ____ and ____ . The prince loves her. He is really ____ and wants to save her. He should get 7 keys. The ____ keys he gets, the ____ he is. At last, he is ____ . They live a ____ life together. beautiful cute friendly ill worried successful angry many strong wonderful,most beautiful,cute,beautiful,friendly,angry,worried,more,stronger,successful,wonderful,,比较级和最高级的 7个雷区,You are a sapper,_______,my sister’s,__________,that …,比较必须在同类事物之间进行,用that代替天气和人口。,,The Changjiang River is longer than any river in China. China is larger than any other country in Europe.,___,any other,________,any,比较的范围,比较的对象如在同一范围内加any other ,不在同一范围内加any.,,在比较状语从句中经常省略某些部分,但比较对象的成分不能省.than后是一个完整的句子,有时为了避免重复,把谓语部分省略但如果前后时态不同,则不能省略。,The apples in this basket are better than them in that basket.,,,,2. She is much taller than she last year.,____,those,____,was,,1. Tom is the youngest in the three. 2. He is taller of the two.,__,of,____,the taller,比较级与冠词the的使用,表示“两者中比较……的一个”,要用( the + 比较级 + of the two)的句式.,,______,1.We must get farther information. 2.His older brother is elder than I.,further,____,____,elder,older,further表示“较远”外,还可表示 “进一步的”;而farther仅表示距离 elder和eldest可用来表示兄弟和子女的长幼顺序,,Today is our the busiest day.,最高级由物主代词修饰的时候,不用冠词,______,our/the,,1. I think math is very more difficult than Chinese. 2. There are much more people in the street than usual.,____,much,_____,many,very修饰形容词原级,修饰可数名词用many more或few.修饰不可数名词用much more .,将二者进行比较时,用比较级。,将三者或三者以上进行比较时,用最高级。,总结反馈,比较级最高级词形的变化规则,The more, the better…… 越多越好,比较级+ and +比较级 越来越……,用比较级和最高级表述一篇小作文,不少于80词。,Thank you for listening!,
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