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2016年入学MBA管理类联考英语(二)真题、答案及解析.pdf

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2016 入学 MBA 管理 联考 英语 答案 解析
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绝密 ★ 启用前 2016 年全国 硕士研究生 入学 统一 考试 管理类专业 硕士学位 联考 英语 试卷 1. 考生必须严格遵守各项考场规则。 2. 答题前,考生将答题卡上的 “姓名 ”、 “考生编号 ”等信息填写清楚,并与准考证 上的一致。 3. 选择题的答案须用 2B 铅笔填涂在答题卡上,其它笔填涂的或做在试卷或其它 类型答题卡上的答案无效。 4. 非选择 题一律用蓝色或黑色 签字 笔在答题纸上按规定要求作答,凡做在试卷 上或未做在指定位置的答案无效。 5. 交卷时,请配合监考人员验收,并请监考人员在准考证相应位置签字(作为 考生交卷的 凭据)。否则,所产生的一切后果由考生自负。 姓名: _____________ 准考 证号: ____________________ 上海交通大学安泰经济与管理学院 上海市华山路 1954 号 200030 Antai College of Economics it is that one is actually inclined to interruption.”Deep reading requires not just time, but a special kind of time which can’t be obtained merely by becoming more efficient. In fact,“becoming more efficient”is part of the problem. Think of time as a resource to be maximized means you approach it instrumentally, judging any given moment as well spent only in so far as it advances progress toward some goal. Immersive reading, by contrast, depends on being willing to risk inefficiency , goallessness, even time-wasting. Try to slot it in as a to-do list item and you’ll manage only goal-focused reading-useful, sometimes, but not the most fulfilling kind。 “The future comes at us like empty bottles along an unstoppable and nearly infinite conweyor belt,”writes Gary Eberle in his book Sacred Time ,and “we feel a pressure to fil l these different-sized bottles(days,hours,minutes) as they pass,for if they get by without being filled ,we will have wasted them .“No mind-set could be worse for losing yourself i n a book. So what does work?Perhaps surprisingly, scheduling regular times for reading. You’d think this might fuel the efficiency mind-set,but in fact,Eberle notes,such ritualistic behaviour helps us “step outside time’s flow” into “soul time.” You could limit distractions by readi ng only physical books, or on single-purpose e-readers. “Carry a book with you at all tim es” can actually work, too-providing you dip in ofter enough, so that reading becomes th e default state from which you temporarily surface to take care of business, before drop ping back down. On a really good day, it no longer feels as if you’re“making time to read,” but just reading, and making time for everything else. 31.The usual time-management techniques don’t work because [A] what they can offer does not ease the modern mind [B] what challenging books demand is repetitive reading [C] what people often forget is carrying a book with them [D] what deep reading requires cannot be guaranteed 32.The “empty bottles” metaphor illustrates that people feel a pressure to 上海交通大学安泰经济与管理学院 上海市华山路 1954 号 200030 Antai College of Economics environmentalists say it doesn’t go far enough.环保者们认为现 在做的 还远远不够,因此可以 知道 Lininger 并不赞同 industry 和 state 的观点,他支持的应该是 environmentalists,正好对应的则是 environmental groups。 Text3 上海交通大学安泰经济与管理学院 上海市华山路 1954 号 200030 Antai College of Economics & Management Shanghai Jiao Tong University 1954 Huashan Road, Shanghai 200030 电话( Tel) : 021-62820000 网页( Web) : acem.sjtu.edu.cn 31. 【答案】 D 【解析】 原因分析题。根据题目定位到第二段,答案出自于 But in my experience, using such methods to free up the odd 30 minutes doesn’t work. Sit down to read and the flywheel work-related thoughts keep spinning-or else you’re so exhausted that a challenging book’s the last thing you need.坐下来阅读,然而跟工作相关的想法不停在脑袋里盘旋, 又或者你太累了,一本具有挑战性的书是你最不需要的东西了。所以答案为:无法保证 深层阅读所需要的条件。 32. 【答案】 B 【解析】 细节题。由第三段倒数第三行 “we feel a pressure to fill these different-sized bottles(days,hours,minutes) as they pass,for if they get by without being filled ,we will have wasted them .“No mind-set could be worse for losing yourself in a book.可以确定答案为 make passing time fulfilling 33. 【答案】 D 【解析】 根据最后一段第二句和第三句 Perhaps surprisingly, scheduling regular times for reading.You’ d think this might fuel the efficiency mind-set,but in fact,Eberle notes,such ritualistic behavior helps us “ step outside time’ s flow” into “ soul time.….这种习惯性的阅 读行为帮我们从时间的流动中解脱出来,从而进入到“精神时间”。 以及第三段,第三行 Immersive reading, by contrast, depends on being willing to risk inefficiency , goallessness, even time-wasting.沉浸式阅读取决于愿意冒效率低的风险,没有目的,甚 至浪费时间。 所以规律的阅读时间就会帮助我们实现沉浸阅读。 34. 【答案】 A 【解析】 根据题目定位到最后一段第三行。答案出处为 “… providing you dip in often enough, so that reading becomes the default state from which you temporarily surface to take care of business, before dropping back down.” 如果你能足够频繁的阅读,让阅读成为你的默认状 态,你只是暂时的露面来处理工作事物,然后又回到阅读中去。 35. 【答案】 B 【解析】 主旨题。文章主要讨论的就是阅读和时间的问题。 Text4 36. 【答案】 B 【解析】 细节题。根据第二段第一句 Across generational lines, Americans continue to prize many of the same traditional milestones of a successful life, including getting married, having children, owning a home, and retiring in their sixties.可以确定答案为有家庭有孩 子。 37. 【答案】 C 【解析】 第三段存在五个 to do 并列的结构,其中第四个 to do “ to agree that couples should be financially secure before getting married or having children”夫妻在结婚或者要孩子之 前应该先让财务有保障,对应选项 attach importance to pre-marital finance。 其它选项对 应另外几个 to do 结构,均与原文含义相反。 38. 【答案】 D 【解析】 根据题目定位到第四段第二行 “… those just starting out in life are defining priorities and expectations that will increasingly spread through virtually all aspects of 上海交通大学安泰经济与管理学院 上海市华山路 1954 号 200030 Antai College of Economics & Management Shanghai Jiao Tong University 1954 Huashan Road, Shanghai 200030 电话( Tel) : 021-62820000 网页( Web) : acem.sjtu.edu.cn American life, from consumer preferences to housing patterns to politics.” 答案很明显为 “抵达了美国人生活的各个方面”。 39. 【答案】 D 【解析】 根据题目定位到第五段第一句: Young and old converge on one key point: Overwhelming majorities of both groups said they believe it is harder for young people today to get started in life than it was for earlier generations.老年人和年轻共同的观点 为:现在的年轻人想要开始生活比上一代人更难了。 40. 【答案】 C 【解析】 根据最后一段第四行 Looking back, he is struck that his parents could provide a comfortable life for their children even though neither had completed college when he was young. 即使他的父母都没读过大学,但还是能给孩子提供舒适的生活。其它选项也对应最后一 段,但与原文含义不符。 B 节 ( 5 小题,每题 2 分,共 10 分 ) 41. 【答案】 D 【解析】 根据最后总述句 What we need to do is find a way to acknowledge and express what we feel appropriately… 我们需要做的就是承认并且适当的表达我们的感觉。 42. 【答案】 F 【解析】 第二段先是讲了作者 9 岁大的继女因为五美元的圣诞礼物而开心的故事。然后表达 观点:像新工作,大房子,汽车这种东西并不能对我们的快乐程度产生持久的影响,反之, 对日常生活中的小事情怀有感激之情更能是我们幸福。 43. 【答案】 A 【解析】 这段主要说如果我们能愚蠢点多笑笑,身体就能释放出好多对身体有益的荷尔蒙, 减少压力激素。 相比之下也只有 A 选项合适。 44. 【答案】 B 【解析】 虽然长大之后有许多 严肃的问题要处理,但是作为成年人我们能够控制自己的生活, 重要的事我们安排时间来享受我们热爱的东西。这些东西可能是社交活动,体育运动,创造 性的或者干脆是随意的,到底是什么并不重要,只要我们开心。 45. 【答案】 E 【解析】 段首句为观点句,此段为总分结构 Having said all of the above,it’s important to add that we shouldn’t try too hard to be happy.说了这么多,还有一条很重要 ---我们不应该太 刻意去快乐。最后一句拿孩子 作对比:我们要向孩子学习,快乐并不是他们的目的,快 乐是他们生活的副产品。 Ⅲ . 英译汉 ( 1 小题, 共 15 分 ) 46. 超市的设计就是要诱使顾客尽可能久地待在店内 。 其 理由 很 简单:你在店里逗留越 久,看到的东西就越多 , 看到的东西越多,买 的 就越多。而超市里的东西 多得很 。 按 食 品营销研究院 所说 , 普通 超市 售卖 约 44,000 种 各式 货品, 而且 许多超市的 货品 还要多 上海交通大学安泰经济与管理学院 上海市华山路 1954 号 200030 Antai College of Economics & Management Shanghai Jiao Tong University 1954 Huashan Road, Shanghai 200030 电话( Tel) : 021-62820000 网页( Web) : acem.sjtu.edu.cn 出 成千上 万 种 。 单 是可 供选择 的 货品 数量就足以让购物者 陷入 信息 超负荷的状态 。根据 大 脑扫描实验,如此 之大的决策量带来的负担会很快令我们无法承受 。购物约 40 分钟 后,大多数人就不再 费心去理性选购 ,而是开始冲动购物 了 —— 就是从 这 一刻起,我们 把 本来根本没打算买 的那 一半东西 堆进了 购物车。 Ⅳ .写作( 2 小题,共 25 分) Part A 参考范文: Dear Jack, I have received and read your email, and I am writing to express my heartfelt gratitude to you for your warm congratulation. Besides, I will give you several advice about translation as you have inquired. It goes without saying that translation is no easy job. It needs painstaking effort long-term study. To improve translation ability, first, you should form the habit of reading. Your reading stuff should not only be English books but also Chinese ones so that you can have a good grasp of both languages. Second, you need to learn the culture of English speaking countries, which is very important in getting the intended meaning of their articles. Last but not least, practice is everything. Thank you again for your congratulation. I hope my advice will be useful to you. Yours sincerely, Li Ming Part B 参考范文 As is illustrated in the pie chart, it can be found that students’ purposes of tour are different. 37% of students choose to travel because they want to appreciate different sceneries. Meanwhile, there are 33% students who think they need traveling as a means to release pressure. What’ s more, 9% say they want to make new friends in tour, while 6% hope to cultivate the ability of independence. There are several factors that can account for this situation. To mention just a few, first, this generation is much different from the last one, and they want to open their eyes, to enrich their experience, to see the colorful world, and to go to the places where they have never been. Therefore, seeing different sceneries is the reason that takes the largest part. Second, there are more advertisement in the information age. And people are attracted by the sightseeing places in the commercials. Last, it is sure enough that college life is full of pressure and responsibilities, therefore, many of them regard travel as a way of relaxation or as a way to separate from the depressed reality temporarily. All in all, travel will bring more good than harm to people and promote our country’ s economy development in the same time. As long as we can afford it, this activity should be encouraged.
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