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2016年高考英语新题型“概要写作”.ppt

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2016 年高 英语 题型 概要 写作
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,高考新题型之 概要写作,Summary,余味 路桥中学,,,,what the summary writing is,,the criteria of a good summary,,how to write a good summary,,,1,2,3,5,After this class, you will be able to know:,《普通高等学校招生全国统一考试英语科考试说明》,概要写作: 提供一篇350词以内的短文,要求考生基于该短文 写出一篇60词左右的内容概要。(满分25分),词数少于40的和多余80的, 从总分中减去2分,评分原则,本题总分为25分,分5个档次给分,,,,﹏﹏﹏﹏﹏﹏﹏,,,Narration (记叙文),Exposition (说明文),Forms of Literature,Argumentation (议论文),,,Argumentation (议论文),Topic,Supporting ideas,Conclusion,,,,,There is nothing fixed about attitudes to dirt,Step 1: Read,①topic sentence:,② structure,In what order does the passage develop to show the different “attitudes”?,,,,(Para 2 )In the early 16th century, people thought that dirt on the skin was a means to block out disease, as medical opinion had it that washing off dirt with hot water could open up the skin and let ills in. A particular danger was thought to lie in public baths. By 1538, the French king had closed the bath houses in his kingdom. So did the king of England in 1546. Thus began a long time when the rich and the poor in Europe lived with dirt in a friendly way. Henry IV, King of France, was famously dirty. Upon learning that a nobleman had taken a bath, the king ordered that, to avoid the attack of disease, the nobleman should not go out. (Para 3)Though the belief in the merit of dirt was long-lived, dirt has no longer been regarded as a nice neighbor ever since the 18th century. Scientifically speaking, cleaning away dirt is good to health. Clean water supply and hand washing are practical means of preventing disease. Yet, it seems that standards of cleanliness have moved beyond science since World War Ⅱ. Advertisements repeatedly sell the idea; clothes need to be whiter than white, cloths ever softer, surfaces to shine. Has the hate for dirt, however, gone too far? (Para 4)Attitudes to dirt still differ hugely nowadays. Many first-time parents nervously try to warn their children off touching dirt, which might be responsible for the spread of disease. On the contrary, Mary Ruebush, an American immunologist (免疫学家), encourages children to play in the dirt to build up a strong immune system. And the latter position is gaining some ground.,There is nothing fixed about attitudes to dirt,Step 1: Read,①topic sentence:,② structure,③ supporting ideas,Find out the topic sentence of each paragraph,,think, believe, consider, regard, argue, support, be convinced that, in one’s opinion, from one’s point of view,,,Para 2: In the early 16th century, people thought that dirt on the skin was a means to block out disease, as medical opinion had it that washing off dirt with hot water could open up the skin and let ills in. A particular danger was thought to lie in public baths. By 1538, the French king had closed the bath houses in his kingdom. So did the king of England in 1546. Thus began a long time when the rich and the poor in Europe lived with dirt in a friendly way. Henry IV, King of France, was famously dirty. Upon learning that a nobleman had taken a bath, the king ordered that, to avoid the attack of disease, the nobleman should not go out.,Examples of some European countries,,,,,,,(Para 3) Though the belief in the merit of dirt was long-lived, dirt has no longer been regarded as a nice neighbor ever since the 18th century. Scientifically speaking, cleaning away dirt is good to health. Clean water supply and hand washing are practical means of preventing disease. Yet, it seems that standards of cleanliness have moved beyond science since World War Ⅱ. Advertisements repeatedly sell the idea; clothes need to be whiter than white, cloths ever softer, surfaces to shine. Has the hate for dirt, however, gone too far?,,,,,,,(Para 4) Attitudes to dirt still differ hugely nowadays. Many first-time parents nervously try to warn their children off touching dirt, which might be responsible for the spread of disease. On the contrary, Mary Ruebush, an American immunologist (免疫学家), encourages children to play in the dirt to build up a strong immune system. And the latter position is gaining some ground.,,,,,,,,,,Step 2: Make an outline,,In the 16th century,since18th century,People thought that dirt on the skin was a means to block out disease,…has no longer been regarded as… cleaning away dirt is good to health,…encourages children to play in the dirt to build up a strong immune system,,,,Step 3: Rewrite the sentences in other ways,① There is nothing fixed about attitudes to dirt.,different, mixed, various,,反义转换,opinions, views, ideas,,同义词替换,▲ People’s attitudes to dirt vary in different times.,towards,,句型转换,▲ People hold different opinions towards dirt over time.,▲ The attitudes to dirt is not always the same.,② In the early 16th century, people thought that dirt on the skin was a means to block out disease.,Have a try!,① People hold mixed opinions towards dirt on our skin.,② In the 16th century, people of some European countries, such as France, believed that dirt protected people from getting ill.,③ People began to change their attitudes to dirt more than 200 years ago. They have been told that washing dirt off our body can keep us healthy.,④ Nowadays, some scientists believe that exposure to some dirt may help our immune system.,However,,Nevertheless/But/however,③ people,Add two linking words to make the passage coherent,Step 4: Make the summary coherent,④ nowadays,,Step 5: Revise,( 67 words),People hold mixed opinions towards dirt on our skin. In the 16th century, people of some European countries believed that dirt protected people from getting ill. However, people began to change their attitudes to dirt about 200 years ago. They have been told that washing dirt off our body can keep us healthy. But nowadays, some scientists believe that exposure to some dirt may help our immune system.,4 “C” : complete, correct, concise, coherent,,Step 6: Clearly copy your draft to the paper,How to write a summary(argumentation),1.Read,2.Make an outline,3.Rewrite,4. Make it coherent,5. Revise,6. neatly copy,-Topic , structure, key supporting sentences,Homework,Finish the summary writing of Passage B,PPT模板下载:www.1ppt.com/moban/ 行业PPT模板:www.1ppt.com/hangye/ 节日PPT模板:www.1ppt.com/jieri/ PPT素材下载:www.1ppt.com/sucai/ PPT背景图片:www.1ppt.com/beijing/ PPT图表下载:www.1ppt.com/tubiao/ 优秀PPT下载:www.1ppt.com/xiazai/ PPT教程: www.1ppt.com/powerpoint/ Word教程: www.1ppt.com/word/ Excel教程:www.1ppt.com/excel/ 资料下载:www.1ppt.com/ziliao/ PPT课件下载:www.1ppt.com/kejian/ 范文下载:www.1ppt.com/fanwen/ 试卷下载:www.1ppt.com/shiti/ 教案下载:www.1ppt.com/jiaoan/,,,,② In the early 16th century, people thought that dirt on the skin was a means to block out disease.,think: believe, hold, consider, insist, argue, are convinced….,,同义词替换,block out disease: prevent/protect/keep away … from illness;,One possible version: ② In the 16th century, people believed that dirt protected people from getting ill.,,,③…. dirt has no longer been regarded as a nice neighbor ever since the 18th century. Scientifically speaking, cleaning away dirt is good to health.,wash off, get rid of,benefits, is beneficial to, does good to, contributes to…,One possible version: ③ People began to change their attitudes to dirt about 200 years ago. People have been told that washing dirt off our body can keep us healthy.,,,,④ Nowadays, … encourages people to play in the dirt to build up a strong immune system.,④ One possible version: Nowadays, some scientists believe that exposure to some dirt may help our immune system.,People are encouraged to…,,语态转换,be exposed to,believe, support, agree, approve….,
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