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2019版高考英语一轮复习(课标1卷B版)教师用书:专题五 非谓语动词 PDF版含答案.pdf

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2019版高考英语一轮复习课标1卷B版教师用书专题五 非谓语动词 PDF版含答案 2019 高考 英语 一轮 复习 课标 教师 专题 谓语 动词 PDF 答案
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专题五 非谓语动词25 专题五 非谓语动词 对应学生用书起始页码P47 考点一 非谓语动词作状语 一、不定式作状语 状语例句 目的状语 To save class time,our teacher has us students do half of the exercises in class and complete the other half for our homework. 为了节约课堂时间,我们的老师要求我们学生在 课堂上做一半练习,剩下的一半作为家庭作业 完成。 注意:强调动词不定式所表示的目的时,动词 不定式可用“in order to/ so as to+动词原形”代 替,但so as to不用于句首。 I􀆳ll write down his telephone number so as not to/ in order not to forget it. 我要把他的电话号码写下来,以免忘记。 结果状语 (出乎意料的、 非本意的结果) He hurried to the station only to find that the train had left. 他匆忙赶到了车站结果却发现火车已经开 走了。 原因状语(形容 词后,表示喜、怒、 哀、乐等原因) I am so sorry to hear about your failure in business. 听说你事业失败我很遗憾。 We are proud to be young people of China. 作为中国的青年我们感到自豪。 在带有enough 或too的句子 里作状语 He is old enough to go to school. 他到上学的年龄了。 We found the room too small to hold so many people. 我们发现房间太小容纳不了这么多人。 单项填空: ① The old man sat in front of the television every evening, happy A anything that happened. A.to watch B.watching C.watched D.to have watched ② More TV programs,according to government officials,will be produced A people􀆳s concern over food safety. A.to raise B.raising C.to have raised D.having raised ③ The news reporters hurried to the airport, only B the film stars had left. A.to tell B.to be told C.telling D.told 二、分词作状语 1.分词作状语的句法功能 状语例句 时间状语 Leaving the airport,they waved again and again to us. 离开机场时他们向我们频频招手。 原因状语 Having been separated from other continents for millions of years,Australia has many plants and animals not found in any other countries in the world. 和其他大洲分离了上百万年,澳大利亚有许多 在世界上任何别的国家都找不到的动植物。 结果状语 (自然而然 的结果) They cut off the electricity,preventing a fire in time.他们切断了电源,及时阻止了一场火灾。 让步状语 Encouraged by his parents, he still has no confidence in overcoming the difficulties. 尽管受到了父母的鼓励,他仍然没有信心克服 困难。 伴随状语 The hunter walked slowly in the forest,followed by his dog. 猎人在森林里慢慢地走着,后面跟着他的狗。 条件状语 Seen in this light, the matter is not as serious as people generally suppose. 如果从这个角度看,问题并不像人们一般料想 的那样严重。 注意:表示时间关系的分词短语有时可由连词while或 when引出。 Don􀆳t talk while/ when having dinner.(时间) 吃饭时不要说话。 2.分词作状语的形式(以do为例) 形式意义 v.⁃ing(doing)与句子主语为逻辑上的主动关系,与句子谓语动词动作同时发生,或基本上同时发生 having+v.⁃ed (having done) 与句子主语为逻辑上的主动关系,先于句子 谓语动词动作发生 v.⁃ed(done)与句子主语为逻辑上的被动关系 being+v.⁃ed (being done) 与句子主语为逻辑上的被动关系,且与句子 谓语动词动作同时发生 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 26 5年高考3年模拟 B版(教师用书) 续表 形式意义 having been+v.⁃ed (having been done) 与句子主语为逻辑上的被动关系,且先于句 子谓语动词动作发生 Hearing their teacher􀆳s voice, the pupils stopped talking at once. 一听到老师的声音,学生们立即停止讲话。 Having finished all the tasks, we went to the cinema. 完成了所有的任务后,我们去看了电影。 Born in a poor family, Cindy had only two years of schooling. 由于出生于贫寒家庭,辛迪只上过两年学。 Being struck by the heavy storm, they felt helpless. 正受到强暴雨的袭击,他们感到很无助。 Having been told many times, he still repeated the same mistake. 告诉了他好几回,他还是犯同样的错误。 3.分词作状语的基本原则:分词作状语时,分词的动作必 须和句子主语含有逻辑上的主动或被动关系,否则一般不能 使用分词作状语。 单项填空: ④ Time, B correctly,is money in the bank. A.to use B.used C.using D.use ⑤ C around the fire, the tourists danced with the local people. A.Gather B.To gather C.Gathering D.To be gathering ⑥ Over 200,000 hotel reservations were made in Hong Kong through Taobao last year, A it the most popular travel destination among Chinese netizens. A.making B.to make C.having made D.made ⑦ C in the queue for half an hour, the old man suddenly realized he had left the cheque in the car. A.Waiting B.To wait C.Having waited D.To have waited ⑧ Lionel Messi, B the record for the most goals in a calendar year,is considered the most talented football player in Europe. A.set B.setting C.to set D.having set ⑨ B the course very difficult,she decided to move to a lower level. A.Find B.Finding C.To find D.Found ⑩ A which university to attend,the girl asked her teacher for advice. A.Not knowing B.Knowing not C.Not known D.Known not 􀃊􀁉􀁓 The sunlight is white and blinding, A hard⁃edged shadows on the ground. A.throwing B.being thrown C.to throw D.to be thrown 􀃊􀁉􀁔 When I was little,my mother used to sit by my bed, B me stories till I fell asleep. A.having told B.telling C.told D.to tell 􀃊􀁉􀁕 Anyone, once C positive for the H7N9 flu virus, will receive free medical treatment from our government. A.to be tested B.being tested C.testing D.to test 􀃊􀁉􀁖 I got to the office earlier that day, D the 7:30 train from Paddington. A.caught B.to have caught C.to catch D.having caught 􀃊􀁉􀁗 C in the early 20th century,the school keeps on inspiring children􀆳s love of art. A.To found B.Founding C.Founded D.Having founded 􀃊􀁉􀁘 If A to look after luggage for someone else,inform the police at once. A.asked B.to ask C.asking D.having asked 三、独立主格结构 非谓语动词作状语时,它的逻辑主语应和句子主语保持一 致。但有时非谓语动词带有自己的逻辑主语,在句子中作状语 (一般用逗号与句子其他成分分开),我们称之为独立主格结构。 其作用相当于一个状语从句,常用来表示时间、原因、条件、行为 方式或伴随情况等。独立主格结构的逻辑主语(名词、代词)与 后面的成分(分词、形容词、副词、不定式、介词短语、名词)形成 逻辑上的主动或被动关系。独立主格结构的构成是: 构成例句 逻辑主语(名词/ 代词)+现在分 词/过去分词 All the tickets having been sold out( =As all the tickets have been sold out),we had to wait for next week􀆳s show. 所有的票都卖出去了,我们只好等着看下周 的演出。 W eather permitting( = If weather permits), we are going to visit you tomorrow. 如果天气允许,我们打算明天去看你。 逻辑主语(名词 /代词)+形容词 Computers very small, we can use them widely. 电脑虽小,我们却能广泛地利用它们。 逻辑主语(名词 /代词)+副词 The lights off, we could not go on with the work. 灯熄了,我们不能继续工作了。 逻辑主语(名词 /代词)+不定式 An important lecture to be given tomorrow ( = As an important lecture will be given tomorrow), the professor has to stay up late into the night. 因为明天要发表一个重要的演讲,教授不得 不熬夜到很晚。 逻辑主语(名词 /代词)+介词短语 The teacher came in, book in hand. 老师走了进来,手里拿着书。 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 专题五 非谓语动词27 续表 构成例句 逻辑主语(名词 /代词)+名词 Two hundred people died in the accident, many of them children. 两百人死于事故,其中有许多儿童。 with/ without+宾语 (名词/代词)+宾语 补足语 He came out of the library,with a large book under his arm. 他用胳膊夹着本厚书,走出了图书馆。 单项填空: 􀃊􀁉􀁙 The party will be held in the garden,weather A . A.permitting B.to permit C.permitted D.permit 􀃊􀁉􀁚 The country has already sent up three unmanned spacecraft, the most recent one B at the end of last March. A.has been launched B.having been launched C.being launched D.to be launched 􀃊􀁉􀁛 The children went home from the grammar school, their lessons B for the day. A.finishing B.finished C.had finished D.went finished 四、独立成分作状语 有些分词或不定式短语作状语,其形式的选择不受上下 文的影响,称作独立成分。常见的有:generally speaking一般 说来;frankly speaking坦白地说;judging from/ by...根据… …来 判断;considering.../ taking...into consideration考虑到… … ;to tell you the truth说实话;supposing假设,如果;given考虑到, 鉴于;provided(that...)如果;compared to/ with与… …相比。 Judging from his accent,he is from the south. 从口音判断,他是南方人。 Considering the time, we have decided to start early tomorrow morning. 考虑到时间,我们已经决定明天早上早点儿出发。 To tell you the truth,I am a little tired. 说实话,我有点累。 单项填空: 􀃊􀁊􀁒 C , the more expensive the camera, the better its quality. A.General speaking B.Speaking general C.Generally speaking D.Speaking generally 考点二 非谓语动词作定语 一、不定式作定语 1.用不定式作定语的几种情况: 不定式作定语例句 表将来The car to be bought is for his sister.要买的这辆车是给他姐姐的。 修饰被序数词、最高级或 no,all,any等限定的中心 词(被修饰词为不定式动 作的执行者) He was the best man to do the job. 他是做这个工作最好的人选。 续表 不定式作定语例句 修饰抽象名词,如: ability,chance, idea, fact, excuse, promise, answer, reply, attempt,belief,way, reason,moment,time等 Do you have the ability to read and write in English? 你具备用英语读写的能力吗? We must have the courage to say that we are ignorant. 我们必须有勇气承认自己是无知的。 2.若不及物动词的不定式作定语,或者不定式所修饰的 名词或代词是不定式动作的地点、工具等,不定式后面需有 相应的介词。 The Browns have a comfortable house to live in. 布朗一家有一幢舒适的房子可以居住。 注意:不定式所修饰的名词如果是time,place或way时, 习惯上省去不定式后面的介词。 He had no money and no place to live(in). 他没钱,也没有安居之所。 3.当作定语的不定式所修饰的名词或代词是不定式动作 的承受者时,不定式既可用主动形式,也可用被动形式,但其 含义有所不同。试比较: Have you got anything to send?你有什么东西要寄吗? (不定式to send的动作执行者是句子的主语) Have you got anything to be sent?你有什么东西要(我或 别人)寄吗? (不定式to be sent的动作执行者不是句子的主 语) 单项填空: ① The airport B next year will help promote tourism in this area. A.being completed B.to be completed C.completed D.having been completed ② We􀆳re having a meeting in half an hour. The decision A at the meeting will influence the future of our company. A.to be made B.being made C.made D.having been made 二、分词作定语 1.及物动词的分词形式作定语 形式意义 现在分词被修饰的名词与动词为逻辑上的主动关系 being+过去分词被修饰的名词与动词为逻辑上的被动关系且表正在进行 过去分词被修饰的名词与动词为逻辑上的被动关系且表完成 The houses being built are for the teachers. 正在建的那些房子是为老师们建的。 (被动,正在进行) “Things lost never come again!” I couldn􀆳t help talking to myself. 我不禁自言自语道:“覆水难收啊!”(被动,完成,表状 态) I have never seen a more moving movie. 我从未看过(比这个电影)更感人的电影了。 (主动,表 特征) 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 28 5年高考3年模拟 B版(教师用书) 2.不及物动词的分词形式作定语 形式现在分词过去分词 意义正在进行已经完成 示例 boiling water沸腾的水 falling leaves正在落下的 叶子 developing countries发展 中国家 boiled water烧开过的水(白开 水) fallen leaves已经落下的叶子 developed countries发达国家 单项填空: ③ Laura was away in Paris for over a week.When she got home,there was a pile of mail C for her. A.waited B.to wait C.waiting D.was waiting ④ You cannot accept an opinion D to you unless it is based on facts. A.offering B.to offer C.having offered D.offered ⑤ The next thing he saw was smoke B from behind the house. A.rose B.rising C.to rise D.risen ⑥ The room is empty except for a bookshelf A in one corner. A.standing B.to stand C.stands D.stood ⑦ The witnesses A by the police just now gave very different descriptions of the fight. A.questioned B.being questioned C.to be questioned D.having questioned ⑧ In some languages,100 words make up half of all words D in daily conversations. A.using B.to use C.having used D.used 三、不定式to be done形式、过去分词和现在分词 being done形式作定语的区别 形式意义 不定式to be done表被动、将来 过去分词表被动、完成 现在分词being done表被动、正在进行 Don􀆳t use words, phrases or expressions known only by people with specific knowledge. 不要运用只有具有特定知识的人才能懂的单词、短语或 表达。 (表被动、完成) Listen! The song being sung is very popular with the students. 听!现在正被唱着的这首歌在学生中非常流行。 (表被 动、正在进行) The question to be discussed at tomorrow􀆳s meeting is very important. 明天将要在会上讨论的问题非常重要。 (表被动、将来) 单项填空: ⑨ We are invited to a party A in our club next Friday. A.to be held B.held C.being held D.holding ⑩ For breakfast he only drinks juice from fresh fruit A on his own farm. A.grown B.being grown C.to be grown D.to grow 􀃊􀁉􀁓 It is said that the bridge B now will be completed in three months. A.built B.being built C.if being built D.to be built 考点三 非谓语动词作补语、主语、宾语、表语 一、非谓语动词作补语 1.感官动词后接宾语补足语 感官动词宾补的形式宾补的意义 see, watch, observe, look at,hear,listen to, notice,feel等 不带to 的不定式 与宾语之间存在逻辑上的 主动关系,表完成 doing与宾语之间存在逻辑上的主动关系,表正在进行 done与宾语之间存在逻辑上的被动关系,表完成 being done与宾语之间存在逻辑上的被动关系,表正在进行 I heard her sing an English song just now. 刚才我听见她唱了一首英文歌。 (主动,完成) I heard her singing an English song when I passed by her room yesterday. 昨天经过她房间时,我听见她在唱一首英文歌。 (主动, 正在进行) I heard an English song being sung by a little girl when I passed by her room yesterday. 昨天经过一个小女孩的房间时,我听见她正在唱一首英 文歌。 (被动,正在进行) I see some students in this school often punished by the teachers. 我看到这所学校的一些学生经常被老师惩罚。 (被动, 没有一定的时间性) 单项填空: ① I looked up and noticed a snake C its way up the tree to catch its breakfast. A.to wind B.wind C.winding D.wound ② Seeing the road C with snow and cyclists falling down here and there,we decided to walk to the office. A.to block B.blocking C.blocked D.to be blocked 2.leave(使… …处于某种状态)后接宾语补足语 形式意义 leave sb. to do sth􀆰让某人做某事(不定式表示将来的动作) leave sth􀆰 to be done让某事被做(不定式表示将来的动作) leave sb􀆰 / sth. doing sth􀆰 让某人/物一直做某事(宾语与宾补动作之间 是逻辑上的主动关系,表示动作正在进行) leave sth􀆰 undone 留下某事未做(宾语与宾补动作之间是逻辑 上的被动关系,且表示完成,一般以undone, unfinished,unsettled,untouched为多) It􀆳s wrong of you to leave the machine running. 你让机器一直运转着是不对的。 (主动,正在进行) 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 专题五 非谓语动词29 You shouldn􀆳t leave such an important matter undone/ unfinished. 你不该让这样一件重要的事半途而废。 (被动,完成) He left,leaving me to do all the rest work. 他走了,留下我一个人去做剩余的所有工作。 (主动,将来) We hurriedly ended our meeting,leaving many problems to be settled. 我们匆匆忙忙地结束了会议,留下了很多问题等待解 决。 (被动,将来) 单项填空: ③ A good story does not necessarily have to have a happy ending, but the reader must not be left A . A.unsatisfied B.unsatisfying C.to be unsatisfying D.being unsatisfied 3.have,get(使、让、叫)后接宾语补足语 形式意义 have sb􀆰 do sth􀆰 get sb􀆰 to do sth􀆰 使/让/叫某人去做某事 have sb􀆰 / sth􀆰 doing ①让某人/物持续地做(现在分词表主动、正在进行)②容忍(否定句) get sb􀆰 / sth􀆰 doing使某人/物开始做 have sth􀆰 done ①使/让某事由别人去做(叫/让某人做某事)②使… …遭受… … get sth􀆰 done使/让某事由别人去做(叫/让某人做某事) I􀆳ll have/get my bike repaired tomorrow. 我明天得(请人)修一下我的自行车。 Mr􀆰 Smith had his house broken into while he was on holiday. 史密斯先生在度假期间,他家被盗了。 I won􀆳t have you speaking to your dad like that. 我不允许你对你父亲那样讲话。 The captain got the soldiers moving toward the front after a short rest. 休息了片刻之后,上尉让士兵们开始朝前线行进起来。 I􀆳ll have Tom show you to your room. 我让Tom带你去看你的房间。 单项填空: ④ Claire had her luggage D an hour before her plane left. A.check B.checking C.to check D.checked 4.make,keep,find,catch,let后接宾语补足语 动词形式意义 make make sb􀆰 do sth􀆰使某人做某事 make sb􀆰 / sth􀆰 done使某人/某事被… … keep keep sb􀆰 / sth􀆰 doing使某人/某物一直做 keep sb􀆰 / sth􀆰 done使某人/某物被… … find find sb􀆰 doing sth􀆰发现某人在做某事 find sb􀆰 / sth􀆰 done发现某人/某物被… … find sb􀆰 / sth􀆰being done发现某人/某物正在被… … 续表 动词形式意义 catch catch sb􀆰 doing撞见、发现某人做某事 let let sb. do sth.让某人做某事 Our teacher makes us feel more confident. 老师使得我们感到更自信了。 He couldn􀆳t make himself heard above the noise of the traffic. 在交通嘈杂声中他无法使自己的声音提高到让别人 听到。 The teacher keeps the students sitting in the classroom. 老师让学生坐在教室里。 Please keep us informed of the latest developments. 请让我们知道最新的进展情况。 I found the boy hiding behind the door. 我发现这个男孩躲在门后。 Several hours later,Mr􀆰 Smith found himself trapped in the cave. 几个小时以后,史密斯先生发现他自己被困在山洞 里了。 She found herself being warmly welcomed everywhere. 她发现自己到处受到热烈的欢迎。 单项填空: ⑤ My parents have always made me D about myself, even when I was twelve. A.feeling well B.feeling good C.feel well D.feel good ⑥ Even the best writers sometimes find themselves B for words. A.lose B.lost C.to lose D.having lost ⑦ They use computers to keep the traffic D smoothly. A.being run B.run C.to run D.running ⑧ He looked around and caught a man D his hand into the pocket of a passenger. A.put B.to be putting C.to put D.putting ⑨ Let those in need B that we will go all out to help them. A.to understand B.understand C.understanding D.understood 5.某些动词及动词词组后接不定式作宾语补足语,即 “动词/动词词组+sb􀆰 +to do sth.” 常见的有:advise,allow,ask,beg,cause,encourage,expect, forbid,force,get,intend,invite,order,permit,persuade,prefer, remind,require,teach,tell,want,warn,wish,wait for,call on, depend on等。 Tom will never let you down;you can always depend on him to help you. 汤姆永远不会让你失望,你可以总是依赖他帮助你。 We shouldn􀆳t allow such things to happen again. 我们不应该允许再发生这样的事。 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 30 5年高考3年模拟 B版(教师用书) 单项填空: ⑩ My advisor encouraged D a summer course to improve my writing skills. A.for me taking B.me taking C.for me to take D.me to take 6.某些句子结构中用不定式作主语补足语 常见的有: sb./ sth􀆰 be + said/ believed/ known/ reported/ considered/ found/ thought + to do/ to have done/ to be done/ to have been done/ to be doing。 This unique drink is said to have been invented out of boredom. ( = It is said that this unique drink was invented out of boredom.) 据说,这种独特的饮料是出于无聊而发明的。 The plan is considered to be one of the best plans. 这个计划被看做是最佳计划之一。 单项填空: 􀃊􀁉􀁓 — Is Bob still performing? — I􀆳m afraid not. He is said A the stage already as he has become an official. A.to have left B.to leave C.to have been left D.to be left 􀃊􀁉􀁔 Carbon dioxide is said B the earth twice as quickly as previously feared. A.to be heated B.to be heating C.to have heated D.to have been heated 􀃊􀁉􀁕 The flu is believed C by viruses that like to reproduce in the cells inside the human nose and throat. A.causing B.being caused C.to be caused D.be have caused 7.介词with/ without的复合结构中用不定式、分词作宾 语补足语 with/ without+宾语+不定式:表示将要发生的动作,不定 式表示的动作和前面的宾语是逻辑上的被动关系。 with/ without+宾语+现在分词:现在分词表示的动作和前 面的宾语是逻辑上的主动关系。 with/ without+宾语+过去分词:过去分词表示的动作和前 面的宾语是逻辑上的被动关系。 W ith no one to talk to, John felt lonely. 由于没有可以说话的人,约翰感到很孤独。 He wondered if he could slide out of the lecture hall without anyone noticing him.他想知道他是否可以在没有人注意到他 的情况下悄悄溜出演讲大厅。 I sat in my room for a few minutes with my eyes fixed on the ceiling.我在房间坐了一会儿,眼睛盯着天花板。 单项填空: 􀃊􀁉􀁖 The old couple often take a walk after supper in the park with their pet dog B them. A.to follow B.following C.followed D.follows 􀃊􀁉􀁗 John received an invitation to dinner, and with his work A , he gladly accepted it. A.finished B.finishing C.having finished D.was finished 二、非谓语动词作主语 1.不定式作主语,一般表示具体的、一次性的或将来的 动作。可用it作形式主语而将不定式短语后置。 To complete that building in ten months was a great achievement. =It was a great achievement to complete that building in ten months. 那座楼10个月就盖成是一个了不起的成就。 2.动名词作主语,一般表示抽象的、习惯性的动作。 W alking after supper is good for both the young and the old. 晚饭后散步对年轻人和老人都有好处。 注意:以下句型中常用动名词作主语。 It is/ was no use/ good not any use/ good of little use/ good worth ì î í ïï ïï ü þ ý ïï ïï +doing sth􀆰 It is no use crying over spilt milk.覆水难收。 注意:若主语和表语都是非谓语动词,应保持形式上的 一致。 Seeing is believing.( =To see is to believe.)眼见为实。 单项填空: 􀃊􀁉􀁘 D by flowers and applause doesn􀆳t necessarily mean one is living a happy life. A.Accompanied B.Having accompanied C.To be accompanied D.Being accompanied 􀃊􀁉􀁙 It􀆳s important for the figures A regularly. A.to be updated B.to have been updated C.to update D.to have updated 􀃊􀁉􀁚 A how others react to the book you have just read creates an added pleasure. A.Hearing B.Hear C.Having heard D.To be hearing 三、非谓语动词作宾语 1.某些动词后接不定式作宾语,常见的有: decide/ determine,learn,want,expect/ hope/ wish,refuse,manage, care,pretend,offer,promise,choose,plan,agree,ask/ beg, help,afford,strive,happen,wait,threaten。 They preferred not to put this on the agenda. 他们宁愿不把这件事列入议程。 We agreed to meet here but so far she hasn􀆳t turned up yet. 我们约好在此地见面,但是她到现在还没有露面。 2.某些动词(词组)后接动名词作宾语,常见的有: consider,suggest/ advise,look forward to,excuse/ pardon, admit, delay/ put off, fancy, avoid, miss, keep/ keep on, practice,deny,finish,enjoy/ appreciate,forbid,imagine,risk, can􀆳t help,mind,allow/ permit,escape,be used to,lead to, devote to,go back to,stick to,object to,get down to,pay attention to,can􀆳t stand,give up,feel like,insist on,thank you for,apologize for,be busy,have difficulty(in),have a good/ wonderful/ hard time(in),spend time(in)。 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 专题五 非谓语动词31 He got well prepared for the job interview,for he couldn􀆳t risk losing the good opportunity. 他为这次工作面试做好了充分准备,因为他不能冒失去 这次好机会的风险。 单项填空: 􀃊􀁉􀁛 — Christine,are we leaving right away or...? — But Jove insists on us A in her house for the night. A.staying B.to stay C.stayed D.stay 􀃊􀁊􀁒 — There is a story here in the paper about a 110⁃year⁃ old man. — My goodness! I can􀆳t imagine C that old. A.to be B.to have been C.being D.having been 􀃊􀁊􀁓 I can􀆳t stand C with Jane in the same office. She just refuses C talking while she works. A.working;stopping B.to work;stopping C.working;to stop D.to work;to stop 􀃊􀁊􀁔 I really can􀆳t understand D her like that. A.you treat B.you to treat C.why treat D.you treating 􀃊􀁊􀁕 Shortly after suffering from a massive earthquake and C to ruins,the city took on a new look. A.reducing B.reduced C.being reduced D.having reduced 􀃊􀁊􀁖 The engine just won􀆳t start. Something seems B wrong with it. A.to go B.to have gone C.going D.having gone 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 3.某些动词(词组)后既可以接动名词也可以接不定式。注意它们之间意义的区别。 动词形式中文意思例句 stop stop to do sth.(作状语)停止/中断做某件事后去做另外一件事He stopped to smoke a cigarette.他停下来抽了根烟。 stop doing sth.停止做某事I must stop smoking.我必须戒烟了。 forget forget to do sth.忘记要去做某事(未做) Don􀆳t forget to turn off the lights when you leave the classroom.离开教室时别忘了关灯。 (没有做关灯这个动作) forget doing sth.忘记做过某事(已做) He forgot turning the light off.他忘记他把灯关了。 (已做过关灯这个动作) remember remember to do sth.记得去做某事(未做) Remember to go to the post office after school.记得放学后去趟邮局。 remember doing sth.记得做过某事(已做) Don􀆳t you remember seeing the man before?你不记得以前见过这个人吗? try try to do sth.设法或努力去做某事You must try to be more careful.你可要多加小心。 try doing sth.尝试着做某事I tried gardening but didn􀆳t succeed.我试着种植花木,但没有成功。 regret regret to do sth.对要做的事遗憾(未做) I regret to tell you that I failed the exam.我很遗憾地告诉你我考试没及格。 regret doing sth.对做过的事遗憾、后悔(已做) I don􀆳t regret telling her what I thought.我不后悔告诉她我的想法。 mean mean to do sth.打算/想做某事I meant to go,but my father didn􀆳t allow me to.我想去,但我父亲不肯让我去。 mean doing sth.意味着做某事Doing that means wasting time.做那件事意味着浪费时间。 help can􀆳t help(to)do sth.不能帮助做某事 She can􀆳t help to clean the house because she􀆳s busy making a cake. 她不能帮忙打扫房间,因为她正忙着做蛋糕。 can􀆳t help doing sth.情不自禁地做某事Excuse me, I couldn􀆳t help overhearing what you said.对不起,我不由自主听到了你们说的话。 go on go on to do sth.放下手中的事,继续做别的事We had supper and went on to watch TV.我们吃过晚饭,接着看电视。 go on doing sth.继续做原来的事He didn􀆳t have a rest and went on working.他没有休息而继续工作。 单项填空: 􀃊􀁊􀁗 I remembered B the door before I left the office,but forgot to turn off the lights. A.locking B.to lock C.having locked D.to have locked 4.在动词allow,advise,forbid,permit后直接跟动名词作 宾语;如果后面有名词或代词作宾语,则用动词不定式作宾 语补足语。如下所示: allow/ permit/ forbid/ advise sb􀆰 to do sth􀆰doing sth􀆰{ His parents won􀆳t allow him to stay out too late. 他的父母不允许他在外面待得太晚。 We don􀆳t allow smoking in the hall. 我们不准在大厅内吸烟。 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 32 5年高考3年模拟 B版(教师用书) 单项填空: 􀃊􀁊􀁘 — Can I smoke here? — Sorry. We don􀆳t allow D here. A.people smoking B.people smoke C.to smoke D.smoking 5.动词need,require,want作“需要”讲时,其后必须用 动名词的主动形式或不定式的被动形式作宾语,表示事情需 要被做。这时动名词的主动形式表示被动意义。 be worth 后必须用动名词的主动形式表示被动意义。此外,need, require,want后可以接名词或代词作宾语,然后接不定式作 宾语补足语。如下所示: need/ require/ want to be done doing sb􀆰 to do sth􀆰{ be worth名词doing{ The house needs/requires/wants to be cleaned.cleaning.{ 这间房需要打扫一下。 This place is worth visiting. 这个地方值得参观。 单项填空: 􀃊􀁊􀁙 As a result of the serious flood, two⁃thirds of the buildings in the area A . A.need repairing B.needs to repair C.needs repairing D.need to repair 6.不定式作动词(词组)tell,show,understand,explain, teach,advise,discuss,ask,decide,wonder,find out等的宾 语时,前面常带how,what,whether,where,when,who等 词,但why后加不带to的不定式。 注意:此用法中的不定式的逻辑主语需与句子的主语或 宾语保持一致,否则用宾语从句。 He showed us how to do the work.( =He showed us how we should do the work.) 他给我们演示怎么做这项工作。 I don􀆳t know what to do.( =I don􀆳t know what I should do.) 我不知道做些什么。 We must decide whether to stay or not.( =We must decide whether we􀆳ll stay or not.) 我们必须决定是否留下。 No one could tell me where to get the book. ( = No one could tell me where I can get the book.) 没有人能告诉我从哪里能得到这本书。 单项填空: 􀃊􀁊􀁚 It is said that in Australia there is more land than the government knows C . A.it what to do with B.what to do it with C.what to do with it D.to do what with it 四、非谓语动词作表语 1.不定式作表语 His job was to make contact with the local people. 他的任务是联系当地群众。 2.动名词作表语 His job is teaching.他的工作是教书。 3.分词作表语 The film is interesting,and my sister gets interested in it. 这部电影很有趣,我的姐姐对它很感兴趣。 单项填空: 􀃊􀁊􀁛 Having a trip abroad is certainly good for the old couple, but it remains B whether they will enjoy it. A.to see B.to be seen C.seeing D.seen 􀃊􀁋􀁒 Our country remains B to opening its market wider to the outside world, but now it is in growing need of wider access to the markets of its trading partners. A.committing B.committed C.to commit D.commit 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 对应学生用书起始页码P56 辨别“谓与非谓” 判断是否用非谓语动词的主要方法就是看句子中是否 已有了谓语动词。如: Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank ( AIIB ), its headquarters in Beijing, is an inter⁃governmental agency which is intended for multi⁃development of infrastructure in Asia. A.is located B.locating C.being located D.located 首先考生需要判断设空处需要谓语动词还是非谓语动 词。分析题干可知,本题谓语动词为is,设空处需用非谓语动 词构成独立主格结构,its headquarters为非谓语动词的逻辑 主语,与locate之间存在逻辑上的被动关系,应用过去分词 located,故选D项。 寻找逻辑主语 作状语的非谓语动词的逻辑主语一般是句子的主语;作 定语的非谓语动词的逻辑主语一般是被修饰词;作宾语补足 语或主语补足语的非谓语动词的逻辑主语一般是非谓语动 词补充说明的宾语或主语。如: that his father would come back soon, the little boy calmed down. A.Having convinced B.Convincing C.Being convinced D.Convinced 通过对题干句子结构的判断可以发现,空格处非谓语动 词的逻辑主语就是句子主语the little boy,非谓语动词在此处 作状语,相当于As the little boy was convinced that...。由此可 见句子主语the little boy与convince之间是逻辑上的被动关 系,A、B两项均表主动,可排除;而being convinced表示被动 且动作正在进行,与句意不符,也可排除;用过去分词表示被 动且动作已经完成。故选D项。 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 􀪋 专题五 非谓语动词33 分析时间先后和主、被动关系 分析句子,看非谓语动词所表示的动作和主语在逻辑上 是被动还是主动关系、发生在句子谓语动作之前、之后还是 与句子谓语动作同时发生,然后根据具体情况采用非谓语动 词的适当形式(一般式、完成式或进行式等)。如: Sun Yang, “the king of freestyle”, 6 gold medals at the 13th Chinese National Games, is looking forward to more glory on the world stage. A.sweeping B.swept C.having swept D.to sweep 首先根据语境判断,获得6枚
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本文标题:2019版高考英语一轮复习(课标1卷B版)教师用书:专题五 非谓语动词 PDF版含答案.pdf
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