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2019版高考英语一轮复习(课标2卷B版)课件:专题八 短文改错.pptx

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专题 八 短文改错 高考英语 (课标 Ⅱ 专用 ) A组 统一命题 · 课标卷题组 Correction 1(2018课标全国 Ⅱ ) When I was little, Friday￿￿ s night was our family game night. After supper, we would play card games of all sort in the sitting room. As the kid, I loved to watch cartoons, but no matter how many times I asked to watching them, my parents would not to let me. They would say to us that playing card games would help my brain. Still I unwilling to play the games for them sometimes. I didn￿￿ t realize how right my parents are until I entered high school. The games my parents taught me where I was a child turned out to be very useful later in my life. 五年高考 答案 When I was little, ① night was our family game night. After supper, we would play card games of all ② in the sitting room. As ③ kid, I loved to watch cartoons, but no mat- ter how many times I asked to ④ them, my parents would not ⑤ let me. They would say to ⑥ that playing card games would help my brain. Still I ⑦∧ was unwilling to play the games ⑧ them sometimes. I didn￿￿ t realize how right my parents ⑨ until I entered high school. The games my parents taught me ⑩ I was a child turned out to be very useful later in my life. 解析 ① 考查名词作定语。此处意为 “星期五晚上 ”,应该用 Friday而不是表示所属关系的 Friday ￿￿ s。所以要把 Friday￿￿ s改为 Friday。 ② 考查名词。此处 sort表示 “种类 ”,是可数名词 ,前面有 all修饰 ,故要用 sort的复数形式。所以 要把 sort改为 sorts。 ③ 考查冠词。句意 :小时候 ,我喜欢看卡通片。根据语境可知 ,此处要用表示泛指的不定冠词 a, 所以要把 the改为 a。 ④ 考查非谓语动词。 ask to do sth.请求做某事 ,to watch是不定式 ,所以要把 watching改为 watch。 ⑤ 情态动词后跟动词原形 ,所以要把 to去掉。 ⑥ 考查代词。根据语境可知此处要把 us改为 me。 ⑦ 考查系动词。句意 :有时候我依然不愿意和他们一块儿玩这类游戏。 be unwilling to do sth. 不愿意做某事。句子中作表语的形容词 unwilling前没有系动词 ,而本文的动词时态均为一般 过去时 ,所以要加 was。 ⑧ 考查介词。根据上题的解析可知 ,此处表示 “和他们玩游戏 ”,即 play the games with them, 所以要把 for改为 with。 ⑨ 考查动词时态。本文的动词时态均为一般过去时 ,所以要把 are改为 were。 ⑩ 考查时间状语从句。根据语境可知此处应该用 when引导时间状语从句 ,所以要把 where改 为 when。 Correction 2(2018课标全国 Ⅰ ) During my last winter holiday, I went to countryside with my father to visit my grandparents. I find 答案 During my last winter holiday, I went to①∧ the countryside with my father to visit my grand- parents. I ② a big change there. The first time I went there, they were living in a small house with dogs, ducks, and ③ animals. Last winter when I went④ again, they had a big separate house to raise dozens of⑤ . They also had a small pond ⑥∧ in they raised fish. My grandpa said last summer they earned quite a lot by⑦ the fish. I felt ⑧ that their life had improved. At the end of our trip, I told my father that I planned to return a big change there. The first time I went there, they were living in a small house with dogs, ducks, and another animals. Last winter when I went here again, they had a big separate house to raise dozens of chicken. They also had a small pond which they raised fish. My grandpa said last sum- mer they earned quite a lot by sell the fish. I felt happily that their life had improved. At the end of our trip, I told my father that I planned to return for every two years, but he agreed. ⑨ every two years, ⑩ he agreed. 解析 ① 考查定冠词。 和爸爸去看望乡下的爷爷奶奶 ,“乡村 ”常用 the countryside。 ② 考查动词时态。根据第一句话的时间状语 During my last winter holiday可知 ,第二句的谓语 动词应该用一般过去时。原文中的 find与时间状语不符。 ③ 考查限定词。句中 animals是复数形式 ,所以修饰该名词的限定词应该用 other(其他的 ),因为 other后接名词复数。而原文中的 another(又一 ;另一 )后接名词单数。 ④ 考查副词。上文已经点明去乡下爷爷奶奶家 ,所以去年冬天 (last winter),作者应该是又去 “那里 (there)”了 ,而非原文中的 “这里 (here)”。 ⑤ 因为该词前有 dozens of(几打 ;几十个 )来修饰 ,因此该词要用名词的复数形式 chickens。 chicken作不可数名词时 ,意为 “鸡肉 ”;作可数名词时 ,意为 “小鸡 ”。原文中把该词当成不 可数名词用 ,与前面的 dozens of(几打 ;几十个 )矛盾。 ⑥ 考查定语从句关系词。 先行词为 a small pond(一个小池塘 ),代入定语从句后可知关系词作 地点状语 ,所以应该用关系副词 where; 关系副词可以相当于 “介词 +which”,所以根据定语从 句的意思 “他们在小池塘里养鱼 ”可知 ,在 which前加 in, 构成 in which(=where)引导的定语从 句。 而原句中的 which是关系代词 ,可在定语从句中作主语、表语或宾语。 ⑦ 考查非谓语动词。句意 :我爷爷说去年夏天通过卖鱼挣了很多钱。根据句意可知 ,此处应该 用 by+doing sth.来表示一种方式 ,而原文忽略了介词 by的存在。 ⑧ 考查形容词。该词前的 felt用作系动词时 ,后面要用形容词作表语 ,因此需要把副词 happily 改为形容词 happy。原文忽略了形容词和副词的区别 ,没有注意到 feel作为系动词的用法。 ⑨ 考查固定短语。 every two years本身是固定短语 ,不用加介词。 ⑩ 考查连词。 根据句意可知 ,作者计划每两年回乡下一次 ,“并且 ”父亲同意了 ,应该是顺承 而不是转折关系 ,原词混淆了上下句的逻辑关系。 Correction 3(2018课标全国 Ⅲ ) It was Monday morning, and the writing class had just begin. Everyone was silent, wait to see who would be called upon to read his and her paragraph aloud. Some of us were confident and eager take part in the class activity; others were nervous and anxious. I had done myself homework, but I 答案 It was Monday morning, and the writing class had just① . Everyone was silent, ② to see who would be called upon to read his ③ and her paragraph aloud. Some of us were confident and eager ④∧ to take part in the class activity; others were nervous and anxious. I had done ⑤ homework, but I was shy. I was afraid ⑥ to speak in front of a ⑦ group of people. At that moment, I remembered that my father once said,“The classroom is a place for learning and that ⑧ learning from textbooks, and ⑨ as well.”⑩ Immediate, I raised my hand. was shy. I was afraid that to speak in front of a larger group of people. At that moment, I remem- bered that my father once said,“The classroom is a place for learning and that include learning from textbooks, and mistake as well.”Immediate, I raised my hand. 解析 ① 考查动词的时态。此处为过去完成时 ,过去完成时的结构为 “had+过去分词 ”,而 begin的过 去分词为 begun。 ② 考查非谓语动词。本句主干为 Everyone was silent,主系表结构完整 ,所以此处的 wait应用非 谓语动词形式。 everyone与 wait 之间为逻辑上的主动关系 ,因此用现在分词 waiting作伴随状 语。 ③ 考查连词。根据句意可知应该是读他 “或 ”她的段落。前后之间是选择关系 ,原文中的 and 没有选择意义。 ④ 考查动词不定式。 be eager to do sth.渴望做某事。 ⑤ 考查代词或冠词。 do one￿￿ s homework为固定短语 ,意为 “做作业 ”,homework前应该加形 容词性物主代词 ,原文中的 myself是反身代词。 do the homework也可表示 “做作业 ”。 ⑥ 考查固定结构。 be afraid to do sth.意为 “不敢做某事 ”,that是多余的。 ⑦ 考查形容词原级。原句中并没有比较的含义 ,所以应该把比较级 larger改为原级 large,构成 a large group of people“一大群人 ”。 答案 Mr. and Mrs. Zhang ① / work in our school. They live far from the school, and it ⑧ 考查时态和主谓一致。此处讲的是客观事实 ,应用一般现在时。主语 that指代前面的动名词 learning,是单数概念 ,因此谓语动词要用第三人称单数形式。 ⑨ 考查名词单复数。此处表示 “学习包括从教科书中学习 ,也包括从错误中学习 ”。根据句 意可知 ,“错误 ”应该不止一个 ,所以要用该词的复数形式。 mistake是可数名词。 ⑩ 考查副词。此处应该用副词作状语 ,来修饰后面的 “I raised my hand”。 Correction 4(2017课标全国 Ⅱ ) Mr. and Mrs. Zhang all work in our school. They live far from the school, and it takes them about a hour and a half to go to work every day. In their spare time, they are interesting in planting veg- etables in their garden, that is on the rooftop of their house. They often get up earlier and water the vegetables together. They have also bought for some gardening tools. Beside, they often get some useful informations from the Internet. When summer came, they will invite their students pick the fresh vegetables! takes them about ② hour and a half to go to work every day. In their spare time, they are ③ in planting vegetables in their garden, ④ is on the rooftop of their house. They often get up ⑤ and water the vegetables together. They have also bought ⑥ some gardening tools. ⑦ , they often get some useful ⑧ from the Internet. When summer ⑨ , they will invite their students ⑩∧ to pick the fresh vegetables! 解析 ① 本题考查代词。由句子主语 Mr. and Mrs. Zhang可知代词所指代的是两者 ,故不可用表示三 者或三者以上的代词 all;此处意为 “两者都 ”或直接跟谓语 ,故 all改为 both或去掉 all。 ② 本题考查不定冠词或数词。 “一个半小时 ”的固定表达形式为 an/one hour and a half。 ③ 本题考查形容词。 be interested in“对 …… 感兴趣 ”为固定短语。 ④ 本题考查定语从句。分析句子结构可知 ,此处为定语从句 ,又由逗号可知此处为非限制性定 语从句 ,故用 which引导定语从句 ,而 that只能引导限制性定语从句。 ⑤ 本题考查副词。修饰动词或动词短语需用副词 ,且此处没有比较的含义 ,故用副词的原级。 ⑥ 本题考查动词。 buy为及物动词 ,其后直接跟宾语 ,故需去掉介词 for。 ⑦ 本题考查副词。此处意为 “除此之外 ”,故需用副词 besides。 ⑧ 本题考查名词。 information为不可数名词 ,没有复数形式。 ⑨ 本题考查动词时态。由主句的一般将来时可知 ,时间状语从句需用一般现在时。 ⑩ 本题考查非谓语动词。由 invite sb. to do sth.“邀请某人做某事 ”可知在 pick前需加 to。 Correction 5(2017课标全国 Ⅰ ) In the summer holiday following my eighteen birthday, I took driving lessons. I still remember how hard first day was. Before getting into the car, I thought I had learned the instructor￿￿ s orders, so once I started the car, my mind goes blank. I forgot what he had said to me altogether. The in- structor kept repeating the word,“Speed up!”“Slow down!”“Turning left!”I was so much nervous that I could hardly tell which direction was left. A few minutes late, the instructor asked me to stop the car. It was a relief and I came to a suddenly stop just in the middle on the road. In the summer holiday following my ① birthday, I took driving lessons. I still re- member how hard ②∧ the/my first day was. Before getting into the car, I thought I had learned the instructor￿￿ s orders, ③ once I started the car, my mind ④ blank. I forgot what he had said to me altogether. The instructor kept repeating the ⑤ ,“Speed up!”“Slow down!” “⑥ left!”I was so ⑦ nervous that I could hardly tell which direction was left. A few minutes ⑧ , the instructor asked me to stop the car. It was a relief and I came to a ⑨ stop just in the middle ⑩ the road. 答案 解析 ① 考查数词。此处表示 “我的第 18个生日 ”,故用序数词。 ② 考查冠词或者代词。序数词前应该用定冠词 the;本句中也可用形容词性物主代词 ,表示 “我 (学开车 )的第一天 ”。 ③ 考查连词。上车之前 ,我认为自己已经了解了教练的指示 ,但是车一发动起来 ,我的头脑就一 片空白了。根据语境可知前后内容之间为转折关系而非因果关系 ,故改为表示转折关系的并 列连词 but或者 yet。 ④ 考查时态。根据上下文可知 ,作者是在回忆过去的事情 ,故用一般过去时。 ⑤ 考查名词复数。由 “Speed up!”“Slow down!”可知此处用复数形式。 ⑥ 考查祈使句。此处表示教练发出的命令 ,应用祈使句 ,故改为动词原形。 ⑦ 考查固定用法。此处为 so.that.结构 ,为固定用法。 so在句中修饰形容词 nervous,much多 余 ,故删除。 ⑧ 考查副词。此处意为 “几分钟之后 ”,later符合语境。 ⑨ 考查形容词。此处修饰名词 stop,故用形容词。 ⑩ 考查介词。 in the middle of.意为 “在 …… 中间 ”。 Correction 6(2017课标全国 Ⅲ ) When I look at this picture of myself, I realize of how fast time flies. I had grown not only physi- cally, and also mentally in the past few years. About one month after this photo was took, I entered my second year of high school and become a new member of the school music club. Around me in 答案 When I look at this picture of myself, I realize ① how fast time flies. I ② grown not only physically, ③ also mentally in the past few years. About one month after this photo was ④ , I entered my second year of high school and ⑤ a new member of the school music club. Around me in ⑥∧ the/this picture are the things ⑦ were very important in my life at that time:car magazines and musical instruments. I enjoyed studying ⑧ kinds of cars and planes, playing pop music, and collecting the ⑨ music albums. This picture often brings back to me many happy memories of ⑩ high school days. picture are the things they were very important in my life at that time:car magazines and musical instruments. I enjoyed studying difference kinds of cars and planes, playing pop music, and collect- ing the late music albums. This picture often brings back to me many happy memories of your high school days. 解析 ① 考查动词。 realize表示 “意识到 ”是及物动词 ,后接 how引导的宾语从句 ,故介词 of多余 ,应 删除。 ② 考查动词的时态。时间状语 in the past few years提示该句应使用现在完成时 ,故将 had改为 have。 ③ 考查固定搭配。 not only.but also.意为 “不但 …… 而且 …… ”。 ④ 考查动词的语态。 take的过去式和过去分词分别为 took和 taken,此处应用过去分词 taken。 ⑤ 考查动词的时态。根据时间状语 About one month after this photo was taken可知 ,此句应使用 一般过去时 ,且句中 and连接两个并列谓语 ,前后时态应保持一致 ,故将 become改为 became。 ⑥ 考查冠词或限定词。此处特指上文提到的照片 ,故应在 picture前加定冠词 the或限定词 this。 ⑦ 考查定语从句。关系代词 that或 which引导定语从句修饰先行词 the things,且在从句中作主语。 ⑧ 考查形容词。 different kinds of不同种类的。 ⑨ 考查形容词。根据句意可知 ,此处表示 “最新的音乐专辑 ”,故应将 late改为 latest(最新的 ,最 近的 );late作形容词 ,意为 “迟的 ,晚的 ”,不符合句意。 ⑩ 考查物主代词。全文以第一人称叙事 ,故此处 your应改为 my。 答案 The summer holiday is coming. My classmates and I are talking about ① to do during the holiday. We can ② between staying at home and ③ a trip. If we stay at home, it is comfortable ④ there is no need to spend money. But in that case, we will learn little about Correction 7(2016课标全国 Ⅱ ) The summer holiday is coming. My classmates and I are talking about how to do during the holi- day. We can chose between staying at home and take a trip. If we stay at home, it is comfortable but there is no need to spend money. But in that case, we will learn little about world. If we go on a trip abroad, we can broaden your view and gain knowledges we cannot get from books. Some classmates suggest we can go to places of interest nearby. I thought that it is a good idea. It does not cost many, yet we can still learn a lot. ⑤∧ the world. If we go on a trip abroad, we can broaden ⑥ view and gain ⑦ we cannot get from books. Some classmates suggest we ⑧ / go to places of interest nearby. I ⑨ that it is a good idea. It does not cost ⑩ , yet we can still learn a lot. 解析 ① 考查 “特殊疑问词 +不定式 ”。 do后边缺少宾语 ,故用 what。 ② 情态动词后应该用动词原形。 ③ 和 staying并列 ,故用 taking。 ④ 根据句意 “如果我们待在家里 ,舒服而且没有必要花钱 ”可知前后不是转折关系。 ⑤ world前需要加定冠词 the。 ⑥ 此处为 “我们能开阔我们的视野 ”,故把 your 改为 our。 ⑦ knowledge 是不可数名词。 ⑧ 本题考查虚拟语气。 suggest“建议 ”后的从句的谓语动词应用 “should+动词原形 ”, should可以省略。 ⑨ 本句表示的是作者现在的看法而不是过去的看法。 ⑩ 此处表示 “不需要花费很多钱 ”,故用 much。 知识拓展 suggest的常见用法小结 : 1.suggest doing sth.建议做某事 2.suggest+that从句 ,从句谓语常用 “should+动词原形 ”,should可省略。 Correction 8(2016课标全国 Ⅰ ) My uncle is the owner of a restaurant close to that I live. Though not very big, but the restaurant is popular in our area. It is always crowded with customers at meal times. Some people even had to wait outside. My uncle tells me that the key to his success is honest. Every day he makes sure that fresh vegetables or high quality oil are using for cooking. My uncle says that he never dreams be- coming rich in the short period of time. Instead, he hopes that our business will grow steady. 答案 My uncle is the owner of a restaurant close to ① I live. Though not very big, ② the restaurant is popular in our area. It is always crowded with customers at meal times. Some people even ③ to wait outside. My uncle tells me that the key to his success is ④ . Every day he makes sure that fresh vegetables ⑤ high quality oil are ⑥ for cooking. My uncle says that he never dreams ⑦∧ of becoming rich in ⑧ short period of time. Instead, he hopes that ⑨ business will grow ⑩ . 解析 ① 考查宾语从句。 where引导宾语从句且在从句中作状语。 ② 考查连词。 though和 but不能连用。 though引导的让步状语从句是一个省略句 ,不能再省略 , 故只能去掉 but。 ③ 考查动词的时态。文章通篇叙述的是客观事实 ,采用的是一般现在时 ,且句子的主语 some people为复数 ,故需将 had改为 have。 ④ 考查名词作表语。宾语从句中的主语为名词短语 the key to his success,故从逻辑上看应该 用名词作表语 ,来解释名词短语的含义 ,即 “什么是什么 ”结构。 ⑤ 考查并列连词。此处表示并列关系 ,故用并列连词 and。 ⑥ 考查动词的被动语态。主语 fresh vegetables and high quality oil和 use之间为被动关系 ,故需 用被动语态。 ⑦ 考查介词。从 dreams后的动名词 becoming可知此处应加一个介词 of。 dream of梦想。 ⑧ 考查冠词。 in a short period of time“在短时间内 ”。 ⑨ 考查形容词性物主代词。由句子的主语 he可知 ,他希望他的 (his)生意稳步增长。 ⑩ 考查副词。此处用副词作状语修饰动词 grow。 steadily意为 “(发展、增长等 )稳步地 ,持续 地 ”。 Correction 9(2016课标全国 Ⅲ ) The teenage year from 13 to 19 were the most difficult time for me. They were also the best and worse years in my life. At the first, I thought I knew everything and could make decisions by your- self. However, my parents didn￿￿ t seem to think such. They always tell me what to do and how to do it. At one time, I even felt my parents couldn￿￿ t understand me so I hoped I could be freely from them. I showed them I was independent by wear strange clothes. Now I am leaving home to col- 答案 The teenage ① from 13 to 19 were the most difficult time for me. They were also the best and ② years in my life. At ③ first, I thought I knew everything and could make deci sions by ④ . However, my parents didn￿￿ t seem to think ⑤ . They always ⑥ me what to do and how to do it. At one time, I even felt my parents couldn￿￿ t understand me so I hoped I could be ⑦ from them. I showed them I was independent by ⑧ strange clothes. Now I am leaving home ⑨ college. At last, I will be on my own, but I still want to have my parents to turn to whenever⑩∧ I need help. lege. At last, I will be on my own, but I still want to have my parents to turn to whenever need help. 解析 ① 考查名词。由 from 13 to 19可知 year应改为 years。 ② 考查形容词最高级。由并列连词 and前的 the best可知此处应用形容词的最高级形式。 ③ 考查固定结构。 at first“起初 ”为固定结构。 ④ 考查反身代词。表示 “我自己 ”用反身代词 myself。 ⑤ 考查副词。 so在此处替代前边出现的 “I knew everything and could make decisions by my- self”。 ⑥ 考查动词的时态。前后文语境告诉我们应使用一般过去时 ,故需用该动词的过去式 told。 ⑦ 考查形容词。 be free from“从 …… 释放 /解脱 ”为固定短语。 ⑧ 考查动名词。 by为介词 ,其后要接动名词。 ⑨ 考查固定结构。 leave.for.“离开 …… 去 …… ”为固定结构。 ⑩ 考查代词。 whenever引导的时间状语从句缺主语 ,由句意可知答案。 知识拓展 “by+doing sth.”在句中作方式状语。 Correction 10(2015课标全国 Ⅱ ) One day,little Tony went to a shopping center with his parent.It was very crowded.Tony saw a toy 答案 One day,little Tony went to a shopping center with his ① .It was very crowded.Tony saw a toy ② a shop window.He liked it so③ much that he quickly walked into the shop.After ④ at the toy for some time,he turned around and found ⑤ / his parents were missing.Tony was scared and ⑥ to cry.A woman saw him crying and ⑦ him to wait outside ⑧ shop.Five minutes later,Tony saw ⑨∧ his parents.Mom said,“How nice to see you on a shop window.He liked it so very much that he quickly walked into the shop.After looks at the toy for some time,he turned around and found where his parents were missing.Tony was scared and begun to cry.A woman saw him crying and telling him to wait outside a shop.Five minutes lat- er,Tony saw parents.Mom said,“How nice to see you again! Dad and I were terrible worried.” Tony promised her that this would never happen again. again!Dad and I were ⑩ worried.” Tony promised her that this would never happen a- gain. 解析 ① 由第五句和第八句可知 Tony是和 “parents”一起去了购物中心 ,故 parent改为 parents。 ② Tony是 “在商店橱窗 (shop window)里 ”看到了玩具 ,故用 in。 ③ 此句为 so.that.句型 ,so用来修饰 much,very为多余词汇 ,故去掉。 ④ 此句中 After为介词 ,故 looks改为 looking。 ⑤ 此句考查宾语从句的引导词。此处宾语从句不缺成分且意思完整 ,故用 that引导 (that也可以 省略 )。 ⑥ 此处考查时态。 begin的过去式应为 began。 ⑦ 此处 and连接的是两个并列的谓语动词 ,前文用的是 saw,故 telling改为 told。 ⑧ 考查冠词。此处提到的 shop与上文提到的是同一个 ,故用定冠词 the。 ⑨ 此处提到的父母是主人公 Tony的父母 ,故加上代词 his。 ⑩ 形容词 worried应用副词修饰 ,故 terrible改为 terribly。 答案 When I was a child,I hoped to live in the city.I ① I would be happy there.Now I am living in a city,but I miss my home in ②∧ the countryside.There the air is clean ③ the moun tains are green.Unfortunately,④ the development of industrialization,the environment has 知识拓展 that引导名词性从句时 ,在从句中不作任何成分 ,故名词性从句中结构是否完整是判断该从句 是否由 that引导的关键线索。 Correction 11(2015课标全国 Ⅰ ) When I was a child,I hoped to live in the city.I think I would be happy there.Now I am living in a city,but I miss my home in countryside.There the air is clean or the mountains are green.Unfortu- nately,on the development of industrialization,the environment has been polluted.Lots of studies have been shown that global warming has already become a very seriously problem.The airs we breathe in is getting dirtier and dirtier.Much rare animals are dying out.We must found ways to protect your environment.If we fail to do so,we￿￿ ll live to regret it. been polluted.Lots of studies have ⑤ shown that global warming has already become a very ⑥ problem.The ⑦ we breathe in is getting dirtier and dirtier. ⑧ rare animals are dying out.We must ⑨ ways to protect ⑩ environment.If we fail to do so,we￿￿ ll live to regret it. 解析 ① 考查动词的时态。由 was,hoped和 would be可知 ,此处叙述的是过去的事情 ,故用一般过去时。 ② 考查冠词。 in the countryside“在农村 /乡下 ”为固定表达。 ③ 考查并列连词。由本句句意可知 ,此处表示并列关系 ,故需用 and。 ④ 考查介词。表示 “随着 …… ”用介词 with。 ⑤ 考查动词的语态。主语 studies和动词 show之间为主动关系 ,故需用主动语态。 ⑥ 考查形容词作定语。修饰名词需用形容词。 ⑦ 考查名词的数。 air为物质名词 ,是不可数名词。 ⑧ 考查形容词作定语。 many修饰可数名词复数 ,much修饰不可数名词。此处修饰复数名词 animals,故用 many。 ⑨ 考查情态动词的用法。情态动词后的动词需用原形。 ⑩ 考查代词或定冠词。此处为形容词性物主代词作定语 ,句子的主语为 we,故需用 our与之相 呼应。也可用定冠词 the来限定。 Correction 12(2014课标全国 Ⅱ ) My dream school starts at 8:30 a.m.and ends at 3:30 p.m.They are three lessons in the morning and two in the afternoon.We didn￿￿ t need to do so many homework.Therefore,we have more time with after-school activities.For example,we can do reading for one and a half hour and play sports for one hour every day. My dream school look like a big garden.There are all kinds of the flowers and trees around the classroom buildings.We can lie on the grass for a rest,or sat by the lake listening music.The teach- ers here are kind and helpfully.They are not only our teachers but also our friends. My dream school starts at 8:30 a.m.and ends at 3:30 p.m.① are three lessons in the morning and two in the afternoon.We ② need to do so ③ homework.Therefore,we have more time ④ after-school activities.For example,we can do reading for one and a half ⑤ and play sports for one hour every day. My dream school ⑥ like a big garden.There are all kinds of ⑦ flowers and trees around the classroom buildings.We can lie on the grass for a rest,or ⑧ by the lake listening ⑨ ∧ to music.The teachers here are kind and ⑩ .They are not only our teachers but also our friends. 解析 ① 表示 “上午有三节课 ,下午有两节课 ”应使用 there be句型。 ② 全文时态是以一般现在时为主 ,故应将 didn￿￿ t改为 don￿￿ t。 ③ homework是不可数名词 ,故应用 much修饰。 答案 ④ 表示时间、金钱、空间等足够 /足以 (用于 …… )时 ,应使用介词 for。 ⑤ “一个半小时 ”要说 one and a half hours。 ⑥ 主语 My dream school(我梦想中的学校 )是单数 ,谓语动词也应使用第三人称单数形式。 ⑦ all kinds of(各种各样的 )后直接加可数名词复数或不可数名词 ,不用再加冠词。 ⑧ We can lie.,or (can) sit. ⑨ listen是不及物动词 ,接宾语时要加介词 to。 ⑩ and连接两个形容词作表语 ,故应将副词 helpfully改为形容词 helpful。 知识拓展 there be句型表示 “有 …… ”,be后面的名词为句子主语。如果有两个或两个以上的主语 ,谓语 动词 be要采用就近一致原则。 Correction 13(2014课标全国 Ⅰ ) Nearly five years before,and with the help by our father,my sister and I planted some cherry toma- toes(圣女果 )in our back garden.Since then—for all these year—we had been allowing tomatoes to self-seed where they please.As result,the plants are growing somewhere.The fruits are small in 答案 Nearly five years ① ,and with the help ② our father,my sister and I planted some cherry tomatoes(圣女果 )in our back garden.Since then—for all these ③ —we ④ been allowing tomatoes to self-seed where they please.As ⑤∧ a result,the plants are growing ⑥ .The fruits are small in size,but juicy and ⑦ .There are so ⑧ that we often share them with our neighbors.Although we allow tomato plants to grow in the same place year after year,⑨ / we have never had any disease or insect attack problems.We are growing ⑩ toma toes at no cost! size,but juicy and taste.There are so much that we often share them with our neighbors.Although we allow tomato plants to grow in the same place year after year,but we have never had any dis- ease or insect attack problems.We are growing wonderfully tomatoes at no cost! 解析 ① 此处讲述的是过去发生的事情 ,和一般过去时连用的应是 ago,before常和完成时连用。 ② with the help of.在 …… 的帮助下 ,为固定短语。 ③ 句中 year是可数名词 ,前面的 these应修饰复数形式的名词。 ④ 时间状语 since then 通常和现在完成时连用 ,而不是过去完成时。 ⑤ as a result 结果 ,为固定短语。 ⑥ 根据句意可知此处表示 “圣女果到处生长 ”,所以用 everywhere。 ⑦ 本句中 small,juicy和 tasty是并列的表语 ,所以要用形容词。 ⑧ 根据前面的 be动词 are和后面的 them可知应是代替可数名词复数的 many。 ⑨ 引导让步状语从句的 although不能和连词 but连用 ,但是可以和副词 yet连用。所以可以删掉 but,也可以把 but改为 yet。 ⑩ 修饰名词时应用形容词。 知识拓展 have/has been doing为现在完成进行时态 ,是现在完成时和现在进行时的组合 ,强调某动作从过 去一直延续到现在 ,并且有可能继续延续下去。 答案 It is Mother￿￿ s Day today. Though it￿￿ s a western festival, it￿￿ s popular in China now. Mom has a full-time job, ① she has to do most of the ② . She is a great mother. Both Dad ③ I planned to do something on Mother￿￿ s Day. We ④ up early in the morning. B组 自主命题 · 省 (区、市 )卷题组 Correction 1(2016四川 ) It is Mother￿￿ s Day today. Though it￿￿ s a western festival, it￿￿ s popular in China now. Mom has a full-time job, so she has to do most of the houseworks. She is a great mother. Both Dad or I planned to do something on Mother￿￿ s Day. We get up early in the morning. Dad cleaned the house, and then went on shopping. When he came back, I found a bunch of flowers in her hand. I asked Mom to stay in the sitting room and I cooked in kitchen. The dishes what I cooked were Mom￿￿ s favoritest. At dinner, we said to her, “Happy Mother￿￿ s Day!” Mom was grateful and moving. Dad cleaned the house, and then went ⑤ shopping. When he came back, I found a bunch of flowers in ⑥ hand. I asked Mom to stay in the sitting room and I cooked in ⑦∧ the kitchen. The dishes ⑧ / I cooked were Mom￿￿ s ⑨ . At dinner, we said to her, “Happy Mother￿￿ s Day!” Mom was grateful and ⑩ . 解析 ① 考查并列连词。两个分句之间为转折关系 ,并非因果关系 ,故用 but。句意 :妈妈有一份全职 工作 ,但是她还得承担大部分家务活儿。 ② 考查名词。 housework家务 ,为不可数名词。 ③ 考查并列连词。 both.and.为固定搭配 ,意为 “…… 和 …… 都 …… ”。 ④ 考查动词时态。根据上下文以及 in the morning可知本句是在叙述过去的事情 ,故用一般过 去时。 ⑤ 考查固定搭配。句意 :爸爸打扫完房子 ,然后就去购物了。 go shopping去购物。 ⑥ 考查物主代词。根据句中的 he可知此处为 his。 ⑦ 考查冠词。此处特指家里的厨房 ,故在 kitchen前加定冠词 the。 ⑧ 考查定语从句。先行词为 the dishes,且定语从句中 cooked后缺少宾语 ,故用关系代词 that/ which引导定语从句 ,因其在从句中作宾语 ,故也可以省略关系代词。 ⑨ 考查名词。 favorite最喜欢的事物。 ⑩ 考查形容词。此处作表语 ,主语为 Mom,故用 moved(感动的 )。 moving感人的 ;动人的。 知识拓展 冠词的泛指与特指 :① 泛指是指首次提到的、不限定的人或物 ,可数名词单数形式前用 a/an;② 特指是指在上文提到的人或物 ,也可以指说话双方都知道的特定的人或物 ,名词前用定冠词 the。 Correction 2(2016浙江 ) When I was a very young children, my father created a regular practice I remember well years late. Every time he arrived home at end of the day, we￿￿ d greet her at the door. He would ask who we was and pretend not to knowing us. Then he and my mother would have had a drink while she pre- 答案 When I was a very young ① , my father created a regular practice I remember well years ② . Every time he arrived home at ③∧ theend of the day, we￿￿ d greet ④ at the door. He would ask who we ⑤ and pretend not to ⑥ us. Then he and my mother would have ⑦ a drink while she prepared dinner and they would talk about his day and hers. While they ⑧ , my father would lift my sister and me up to sit ⑨ the top of the fridge. It was both ⑩ and frightening to be up there!My sister and I thought he was so cool for putting us there. pared dinner and they would talk about his day and hers. While they chat, my father would lift my sister and me up to sit in the top of the fridge. It was both excited and frightening to be up there! My sister and I thought he was so cool for putting us there. 解析
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