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七年级英语下册Unit7TheBirthdayParty句式精讲精练新版仁爱版20180724433.doc

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年级 英语 下册 Unit7TheBirthdayParty 句式 精练 新版 仁爱 20180724433
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英语备课大师 en.eywedu.net【全免费】Unit 7 The Birthday Party句式精讲精练句式精讲 1. —When is your birthday? —It’s May 8th. 这是一个用来询问别人生日的句式。结构是“When + be + your/ his/her(形容性物主代词或者名词所有格) + birthday?”。回答用:“Your/ His / Her(形容性物主代词或者名词所有格) + birthday + be +日期.” 或者“It’s +时间.”。例如:-When is her birthday? 她的生日是什么时候? -Her birthday is on September 5th. / It’s in September. 她的生日是九月五号。/ 在九月。当询问不止一个人的生日时,be动词和主语都要用复数。例如:-When are their birthdays? 他们的生日是什么时候? -Their birthdays are in January. 他们的生日在一月。 【注意】表示日期用序数词,序数词是表示顺序先后的词,意为“第几”,它是由相对应的基数词加上“-th”变化来的。例如:ten的序数词是tenth。十月十日可以写成October tenth,还可以写成 October 10th,但读法不变。但是“第一(first), 第二(second),第三(third)”是特殊变化。2. What is it like? 这个句式是用来询问某人的性格特点或者某物的特征,这里的be like意为“……怎么样?”,like是介词。例如:—What is the old man like? 那个老人怎么样? —He is kind. 他很和蔼。【拓展】What does/do sb/sth look like? 这个句式是询问某个人或物的外貌特征。例如:—What does the old man look like? 那个老人怎么样?—He is short and thin. 他又矮又瘦。3. Can you sing an English song? (1)“Can +主语+动词原形+…?”可以译为“……会……吗?”。其肯定回答用“Yes, sb. can. ”;否定回答是“No, sb. can’t”。 例如:-Can you swim? 你会游泳吗? -Yes, I can. 是的, 我会。-No,I can’t. 不, 我不会。 这个句式的陈述句是: “主语+can / can’t+动词原形+….”。例如:I can play football. 我会踢足球。 I can’t play football. 我不会踢足球。这个句式的特殊疑问句是:“特殊疑问词+can +主语+动词原形+…?”。例如:-What can you do ? 你会做什么? -I can sing and dance. 我会唱歌跳舞。 (2)“Can+ I / we+动词原形+…?”表示说话人请求对方的许可,询问“可不可以做某事”。例如:Can you sing me a song? 你能给我唱首歌吗? Can I use your book? 我可以用一下你的书吗?4. Jenny could not see anything any more. not…any more 意为“不再……”,not与句中的主要动词构成否定句,any more 常放在句末。例如: We won’t go there any more. 我们不再去那里了。 【拓展】not…any more, no more, not…any longer, no longer的区别not…any more和 no more 意思相同,经常可以互换;它们都侧重于和瞬间动词连用,两者都表示“过去曾……现在不再……”,表示做某事的次数不再增多。但no more 常用于正式文体,not…any more常用于口语中。例如: Her letter doesn’t come any more. 她不再来信了。 I can no more drink. 我不能再喝了。5. Did you sing a song at the party? 这是一般过去时的一般疑问句,用助动词Did+主语+动词原形+其他+?构成。例如:Did you do your homework yesterday? 你昨天做作业了吗?肯定回答用:Yes, 主语+ did.否定回答用:No, 主语+didn’t.例如:─Did you visit your grandparents last weekend? 你上周末去探望你的祖父母了吗? ─Yes, we did. 是的,我们去了。 ─No. we didn’t. 不,我们没有去。6. What’s the matter? What’s the matter?是用来询问对方出了什么毛病或问题,意为“怎么了”,是医生询问病人病情时的常用语。例如: — What’s the matter? 你怎么了? — I have a stomachache. 我胃疼。【拓展】 What’s the matter后可接with sb.,What’s the matter with sb.?意为“某人怎么了?”也可用What’s wrong with sb.?或What’s your trouble?来表示。例如: What’s the matter with you? = What’s wrong with you? = What’s the trouble with you? = What’s your trouble? 你怎么了?【注意】matter是名词,其前只能加定冠词the;wrong是形容词,前面不需要加任何冠词;trouble名词,前面可加定冠词the,也可加形容词性物主代词。不能说What’s your wrong?和What’s your matter?句式精练I. 补全对话。(从方框中选择适当的句子补全对话,有两项多余)。 A. Whose birthday party was it?B. How did you celebrate her birthday?C. That’s wonderful.D. When was her birthday?E. Would you like to come?F. Where did you have the party?G. Where did you go?A: Hi, Linda. Glad to see you!B: Glad to see you, too.A: I didn’t see you yesterday. 1 B: Oh. I went to a birthday party for my friend.A: 2 B: It was Rose’s.A: Today is March 17th. Oh, I see. Her birthday is March 16th.B: You’re right.A: 3 B: We sang, danced and played games at the party.A: Did you have a good time?B: Yes, we did. All of us were very happy.A: 4 B: We had the party in the coffee bar(咖啡馆).A: 5 I will have my birthday party in a coffee bar next time.II. 句型转换,每空一词。 1. They were born in a town in Beijing. (改成一般疑问句)_____ they _____ in a town in Beijing?2. It was July 7th, 2006 yesterday. (对画线部分提问)_____ was the _____ yesterday?3. The computer is about 35 centimetres wide. (对画线部分提问)_____ _____ is the computer?4. What shape is your present? (改为同义句)_____ _____ _____ of your present?5. We use the MP3 to listen to the music. (对画线部分提问)_____ do we use the MP3 _____ ?6.The twins(双胞胎) are good at playing soccer.(改为同义句)The twins _______ _______ ________ playing soccer.7. He can draw pictures. (对画线部分提问)________ can he _______?8. Lucy recited a Chinese poem at her birthday party. (改为一般疑问句)________ Lucy ________ a Chinese poem at her birthday party?9. Did you enjoy yourselves at the party? (改为同义句)Did you _______ ________ ________ _________ at the party?10. I have a stomachache. (对划线部分提问) What’s _______ ________?III. 根据汉语意思完成句子,每空一词。 1. 十年后我们将不再使用黑板。 We ______ use the blackboard ______ ______ in ten years. 2. 我们的新老师怎么样? _______ our new teacher _______ ? 3. 我想加入游泳俱乐部。I want ______ ______ swimming club.4. 你会说英语吗? ______ you ______ English? 5. 他上周日做了些什么事? What ______he ______ last Sunday? 6. 昨天你去游泳了吗? _______ you _______ ________ yesterday?7. 你打算给她买一个生日礼物吗? Do you ______ _______ _______ her a present?8. 你能帮我学英语吗? ______you ______ me _______ my English?9. 他10岁的时候就会弹钢琴。 He _______ _______ ________ piano at the age of 10.10. 你的生日是什么时候? ________ is your ________?IV.用所给动词的正确形式填空(必要时可加助词)At the moment,we are getting ready for Spring Festival.We(1)_______(clean)the house and we(2)_______(sweep)the floor.My mother(3)_______(cook)a meal and my father(4)________(decorate) the house.My sister(5)________(watch)TV.Usually we(6)_________(buy)clothes, but we(7)_________(not buy)any clothes this New Year.We always(8)________(get)presents from our family and friends.The New Year Festival(9)________(finish)at The Lantern Festival,and we often(10)________(eat)round rice dumplings called yuanxiao.参考答案I. 补全对话。 1-5: G A B F CII. 句型转换, 每空一词。1. Were; born 2.What; date 3. How wide 4.What’s the shape 5.What; for6. do well in 7.What; do 8. Did; recite 9. have a good/wonderful/nice time10. the matterIII. 根据汉语意思完成句子,每空一词。 1. won’t, any more/longer 2. What’s, like 3. to, join4. Can, speak 5. did, do 6. Did, go swimming 7. want to buy 8. Can, help, with 9. could play the 10. When, birthdayIV.用所给动词的正确形式填空(必要时可加助词)1.are cleaning 2.are sweeping 3.is cooking 4.is decorating 5.is watching 6.buy 7.don't buy 8.get 9.finishes 10.eat“备课大师”全科【9门】:免注册,不收费!http://www.eywedu.cn/
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