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2019版高考英语一轮复习(课标2卷B版)课件:专题三 形容词和副词.ppt

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2019 高考 英语 一轮 复习 课标 课件 专题 形容词 副词
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考点一 形容词,五年高考,1.(2018江苏,34)Despite the poor service of the hotel, the manager is (reluctance) to invest in sufficient training for his staff.,答案 reluctant 句意:尽管这家宾馆的服务质量很糟糕,但是宾馆经理还是不愿意在给员工足够的培训方面投资。考查形容词。设空处作表语,故填形容词;根据提示词可知本空填reluct ant。,2.(2017江苏,29)Only five years after Steve Jobs􀆳 death, smart-phones defeated (conven- tion)PCs in sales.,答案 conventional 句意:仅仅在Steve Jobs去世5年后,智能手机就在销量上打败了传统的个 人电脑。设空处应该用形容词修饰后面的名词。,3.(2016浙江,18)I have always enjoyed all the events you organized and I hope to attend more in the coming years.,答案 many 句意: 我总是很喜欢你组织的所有赛事,我希望未来几年参加更多的赛事。根 据句意可知此处用many。,4.(2015安徽,26)I􀆳m so (gratefully)to all those volunteers because they helped my terrible day end happily.,答案 grateful 句意:我是如此感激那些志愿者,因为他们帮助我快乐地结束了极不愉快的那 一天。本题考查形容词。grateful意为“感激的”。,5.(2015福建,23)It was (consider) of Michael to inform us of his delay in case we got wor-ried.,答案 considerate 句意:迈克尔考虑得非常周到,他告诉我们他将耽搁一些时间,以防我们担 心。本题考查形容词。considerate考虑周到的。,6.(2015湖北,27)Even though the conference hall is near his apartment, he has to hurry a little if he wants to be (punctually).,答案 punctual 句意:尽管会议厅在他的公寓附近,可是如果他想按时到达的话也要稍微快 一点。考查形容词。punctual准时的。,7.(2015湖北,28)I don􀆳t think what he said is (relevance)to the topic we are discussing. He has missed the point.,答案 relevant 句意:我认为他说的与我们正在讨论的话题无关,他没抓住重点。考查形容 词。be relevant to意为“和……有关”。,8.(2015江苏,31)The police officers decided to conduct a thorough and (comprehension) re- view of the case.,答案 comprehensive 句意:警察决定对这个案子进行一次彻底的、全面的复查。本题考查 形容词。要填的词应该和thorough(彻底的)是并列的,comprehensive全面的。,9.(2015四川,7)Andy is content with the toy. It is the (good) he has ever got.,答案 best 句意:Andy对这个玩具很满意。这是他得到过的最好的。本题考查最高级。根 据句式Sth. is+the+形容词最高级+sb.has/have done可知答案。,10.(2014大纲全国,27)Raymond􀆳s parents wanted him to have the (good) possible education.,答案 best 句意:Raymond的父母想让他尽可能接受最好的教育。题干中的possible可与形 容词的最高级连用表示强调,意为“最……的”,故答案为best。,11.(2014福建,24)With online shopping increasingly popular,the Internet is seen as an (effi- ciency)way of reaching target customers.,答案 efficient 句意:随着网购越来越受欢迎,网络被看作是获得目标顾客的一种有效途 径。冠词与名词之间应为形容词形式。,12.(2014安徽,27)My good performance in the job interview left me (optimism)about my fu- ture and about what I can do here.,答案 optimistic 句意:我在求职面试中的优异表现让我对我的未来和在这里可以做的工作 感到乐观。考查形容词。(be)optimistic about 为固定短语,在本句中用形容词optimistic作宾语 补足语。,13.(2014湖北,27)What was so (impress)about Jasmine Westland􀆳s victory was that she came first in the marathon bare-footed.,答案 impressive 句意:Jasmine Westland的胜利给人留下如此深刻的印象是因为她光着脚 在马拉松比赛中获得了第一名。be动词后需用形容词作表语,根据句意,设空处表示“给人留 下深刻印象的”,故用impressive。,14.(2014湖北,28)Instead of blaming the child who had broken the vase,she gave him a (tol- erate) smile and let him go.,答案 tolerant 句意:她没有责备打破花瓶的孩子,而是宽容地对他笑了笑,然后让他走了。 修饰名词smile需用形容词形式,故答案为tolerant。,考点二 副词,1.(2016浙江,13)A sudden stop can be a very frightening experience, (especial)if you are travelling at high speed.,答案 especially 句意: 突然停止有时会是很可怕的经历,尤其是在你高速行进时。设空处需 用副词形式修饰if引导的状语从句,故答案为especially(尤其)。,2.(2015安徽,31)They gave money to the old people􀆳s home either (personal) or through their companies.,答案 personally 句意:他们要么是亲自把钱送到敬老院要么是通过公司把钱送到敬老院。 本题考查副词。personally意为“亲自”。,3.(2015湖北,29)The girl used to be shy, but is (gradual)getting active in group work and is more willing to express herself.,答案 gradually 句意:这个女孩过去很腼腆,但是她逐渐变得积极参加集体活动了,也更愿意 表达自己了。考查副词。gradually慢慢地,逐渐地。,4.(2015浙江,13)Most of us, if we know even a little about where our food comes from, understand that every bite put into our mouths was (former)alive.,答案 formerly 句意:只要我们知道一点我们食物的来源,我们大多数人就会明白,进入我们 嘴里的每一口食物,之前都是有生命的。本题考查副词。formerly意为“以前,原来”。,5.(2014浙江,13)The aim of education is to teach young people to think for themselves and not fol- low others (blind).,答案 blindly 句意:教育的目的是教会年轻人独立思考,而不是盲目地效仿他人。此处需用 副词形式修饰follow。blindly意为:盲目地。,6.(2014湖北,29)Hardly had Sabrina finished her words when Albert said (sharp),“Don􀆳t be so mean,” pointing a finger of warning at her.,答案 sharply 句意:Sabrina的话音刚落,Albert就用手指指着她恶狠狠地警告她:“不要这么 卑鄙。”本处需用副词形式作said的状语。,A组 2016—2018年高考模拟·单句填空 时间:15分钟 分值:25分,三年模拟,考点一 形容词,1.(2018东北三省三校一模,70)Today, the Great Wall is generally recognized as one of the most (impress) architectural wonders in history.,答案 impressive 句意:今天,长城被普遍认为是历史上最令人难忘的建筑奇迹之一。设空 处在句中作定语,修饰wonders,故填形容词。impressive令人难忘的;令人印象深刻的。,2.(2018内蒙古呼伦贝尔一模,68)If we are (satisfy) with only a few rules we have memo- rized, we are not really learning the language.,答案 satisfied 句意:如果满足于所记住的很有限的几条规则,我们算不上在学习这门语言。设空处作表语,故填形容词。satisfied满足的;满意的。satisfy为动词,意为“使满足;使满意”。,3.(2018甘肃天水一中二模,48)We will give 99% of our Facebook shares—currently about $ 45 billion—to advance this (value) mission.,答案 valuable 句意:我们将捐出我们的99%的脸谱网股份——目前大约450亿美元——来 推动这项有价值的任务。设空处作定语,修饰名词mission,故填形容词。valuable有价值的。,4.(2018黑龙江哈三中二模,68)All this move is highly (benefit) to sunflowers.,答案 beneficial 句意:这种位置的变动都对向日葵非常有益处。设空处作表语,由副词high- ly修饰,故填形容词。beneficial有益的。,5.(2018陕西榆林一模,68)In Irving􀆳s mind, Christmas should be a (peace), warm-hearted holiday bringing groups together across lines of wealth and social status.,答案 peaceful 设空处作定语,修饰holiday,故填形容词。peaceful安宁的;和平的。,6.(2018辽宁葫芦岛一模,62)China􀆳s new-generation high-speed train, Fuxing, is now one of the (fast) trains in the world, which can travel at a speed of 350 km/h.,答案 fastest 句意:中国新一代高速火车复兴号是现在世界上最快的火车之一,它的时速达 到了350公里。根据语境及设空处前的the可推知设空处需填形容词最高级fastest。,7.(2017辽宁大连双基测试,68)After a little while, he felt well and (energy) again.,答案 energetic 句意:过了一小会儿,他再次感觉身体良好,精力充沛。feel为系动词,后接形 容词。energy为名词,意为“精力;能量”;energetic为形容词,意为“精力充沛的”。,8.(2017辽宁沈阳东北育才学校一模,66)First, a face-to-face deal makes online shopping less (rely) and trustworthy. Second, people will lose the fun of bargaining.,答案 reliable 句意:首先,面对面的交易令网购不那么可靠,不那么值得信任。其次,人们将 失去砍价的乐趣。设空处在句中作宾语补足语,与形容词trustworthy并列,故用形容词。reli- able可靠的;可信任的。,9.(2017辽宁沈阳东北育才学校五模,70)The robot is equipped with speakers, microphones and cameras, which makes communicating (easy).,答案 easier 句意:机器人配备了扬声器、耳机和照相机,这使交流更加容易。设空处作宾 语补足语,故用形容词,根据语境可知此处用比较级。,10.(2017辽宁沈阳省示范协作校一模,67)With the application of gemstones, airbrushes and fine details, you can complete any look, which can make you cheerful and (delight).,答案 delighted 句意:随着宝石、喷枪和精巧细节的应用,你可以做成任何样子,这可以让你快乐、愉悦。设空处在句中作宾语补足语,与形容词cheerful并列,故填形容词delighted(欢喜的;高兴的)。,11.(2017黑龙江大庆二模,62)China􀆳s (grand) and most important holiday—the Spring Festival has been celebrated in diverse ways throughout the country.,答案 grandest 句意:在全中国,最盛大、最重要的节日——春节一直都有多种庆祝方式。设空处在句中作定语,修饰holiday,故填形容词,根据语境可知此处为最高级,与most important并列。,12.(2016四川凉山州第二次诊断性检测,63)Each age has its own pleasure and its own pains.The happiest people enjoy what each age gives them without wasting their time in (use) regrets.,答案 useless 句意:每个年龄段都有自己的苦与乐。最幸福的人就是享受每个年龄段所给 予他们的,不浪费时间在毫无用处的后悔上。根据语境可知,修饰名词regrets“后悔”应该用 useless“无用的”。,13.(2016四川资阳第二次诊断性考试,69)Everyone knows it􀆳s (danger) to be a firefighter. But he has always liked it and has done it for 12 years.,答案 dangerous 第一句句意:每个人都知道做消防员很危险。根据空格前的it􀆳s 可知空格 处填形容词。,考点二 副词,1.(2018陕西宝鸡质检,61)Earth Day is an event (annual) celebrated on April 22.,答案 annually 句意:世界地球日是每年在4月22日庆祝的活动。设空处修饰动词celebrated, 故填副词。annually每年;一年一次地。,2.(2018黑龙江齐齐哈尔一模,61)A young man in Wuhan, Hubei Province has become the latest Internet sensation after a video showing his heartwarming act on a subway train went viral on so- cial media (recent).,答案 recently 设空处作时间状语,故用副词。recently最近;recent为形容词。,3.(2018内蒙古呼伦贝尔一模,61)In order to know a foreign language (thorough), four things are necessary.,答案 thoroughly 句意:要想完全学会一门外语,四件事必须要做到。设空处作状语,修饰动 词know,故填副词。thoroughly完全地;彻底地。,4.(2018辽宁沈阳一模,50)Today, however, Darwin􀆳s ideas are (wide) accepted.,答案 widely 句意:然而,达尔文的观点现在被广泛接受了。设空处修饰动词,故填副词。 widely广泛地。,5.(2018重庆4月调研,70)For years the speed of supercomputers has (steady) increased al- though since 2012 this increase has slowed down.,答案 steadily 句意:多年以来,超级计算机的运算速度在稳定提高,尽管自2012年来这种增 速已经放缓。设空处修饰动词,故填副词。steadily稳定地。,6.(2018黑龙江大庆质检,61)When Sandra was a child, her family was very poor, but she wanted (bad) to believe that her poverty was just a temporary situation.,答案 badly 句意:当Sandra还是个孩子的时候,她家里很穷,但是她非常想相信贫穷只是暂时 的。设空处修饰动词wanted,故填副词。badly极度,非常。,7.(2018辽宁丹东一模,66)It is (surprising) instructive. I have corrected a lot of my own mistakes by watching the show.,答案 surprisingly 句意:它出奇地具有教育意义。我通过观看这个节目已经纠正了自己的 很多错误。设空处修饰形容词instructive,故用副词。surprisingly惊人地。,8.(2017辽宁锦州二模,70)These young people never (willing)let their creativity be limited by their parents or traditional rules.,答案 willingly 句意:这些年轻人从不愿意让父母或传统规则束缚他们的创造力。设空处 在句中作状语,修饰动词,故用副词。willingly乐意地;愿意地。,9.(2017吉林普通中学第二次调研,66)A good memory is of great help, but it is not enough to (simple) memorize rules from a grammar book.,答案 simply 句意:好的记忆力很有帮助,但是只从语法书上记规则是不够的。设空处在句 中作状语,故用副词。simply只是;简单地。,10.(2017吉林长春普通高中二模,68)Surprisingly, Sally was not driven out like the former teach- ers; , she won respect from the students.,答案 instead 句意:令人惊讶的是,Sally并没有像以前的老师那样被赶出去,相反,她赢得了 学生的尊重。instead反而;相反。,11.(2017黑龙江大庆一模,61)My mother􀆳s hair was (total) gray by 32, but I hoped to hold on to my light brown hair until at least 50.,答案 totally 句意:我妈妈的头发到32岁时全部白了,但是我希望将我的浅棕色头发至少保 持到50岁。设空处在句中修饰形容词gray,故用副词。totally完全地;全部地。,12.(2016四川眉山第一次诊断性考试,69)That wonderful man died (peace) with a smile on his face and fulfillment in his heart.,答案 peacefully 句意:那位伟大的人平静地去世了,脸上带着微笑、心里充满了满足。考 查副词。设空处修饰died,故用副词形式。,B组 2016—2018年高考模拟·单句改错 时间:14分钟 分值:21分,1.(2018东北三省三校一模)I had never been more frightening in my life.,答案 frightening→frightened 句意:在我的一生中从未这么害怕过。frightening令人害怕的, 吓人的;frightened感到害怕的。,2.(2018辽宁沈阳东北育才学校三模)I have collected so much wisdom, but my son is still wise than me. Take back your wisdom!,答案 wise→wiser 句意:我已经收集了这么多智慧,但是我的儿子还是比我聪明。收回你的 智慧吧!根据than可知前面的形容词用比较级形式。,3.(2018黑龙江哈三中一模)They were also told how to take action in a properly and efficient way.,答案 properly→proper 句意:他们还被告知如何以正确、有效的方式采取行动。错误处与 形容词efficient一起作way的定语,故改副词properly为形容词proper。,4.(2018内蒙古呼伦贝尔一模)Beijing Opera is a tradition opera with a long history, which dates back to over 200 years ago.,答案 tradition→traditional 句意:京剧是历史悠久的传统戏剧,至今有200多年的历史了。修 饰名词opera须用形容词,tradition为名词“传统”,traditional为形容词“传统的”。,5.(2018辽宁沈阳一模)In the beginning, she stayed at home, deeply depressing.,答案 depressing→depressed 句意:一开始,她待在家里,非常沮丧。depressed意为“感到沮 丧的”。depressing意为“令人沮丧的”。错误处表示主语的状态,故将depressing改为de- pressed。,6.(2018甘肃兰州二模)After lunch, we performed and sang songs with them happy.,答案 happy→happily 句意:午饭后,我们和他们一起快乐地表演、唱歌。根据句意可知错 误处作状语修饰谓语动词,故用副词。,7.(2018黑龙江齐齐哈尔一模)He was interesting in Chinese folk music very much. We gave him some advice on what to choose.,答案 interesting→interested 句意:他对中国民间音乐非常感兴趣。我们就选择什么给他提 了些建议。interested感兴趣的,be interested in sth.对某物感兴趣;interesting有趣的;有意思的。,8.(2018辽宁沈阳郊联体一模)Besides, we can practise English here with other English learners to improve our oral and writing English.,答案 writing→written 句意:此外,我们可以在这里与其他英语学习者一起练习英语,以此来 提高我们的英语口语和书面语。written意为“书面的”,作定语修饰名词English。,9.(2017东北三省四市教研联合体一模)He once gave one of his paintings to my father, who actu- ally wasn􀆳t interesting in art.,答案 interesting→interested 句意:他曾经给了我父亲一幅画,实际上我父亲对艺术并不感兴 趣。interesting有趣的,有意思的;interested感兴趣的,be interested in对……感兴趣。,10.(2017东北三省四市教研联合体一模)It reminds me of my childhood and the old man who didn􀆳t real want to make money by painting.,答案 real→really 句意:它让我想到了我的童年和那位确实不想靠画画来赚钱的老人。real 为形容词,意为“真的”,really为副词,意为“的确;确实”。此处在句中作状语,故用副词。,11.(2017吉林普通中学第二次调研)Job-hopping, or frequent change of jobs, is becoming increas- ing common in China today.,答案 increasing→increasingly 句意:如今在中国,经常跳槽或者频繁地换工作变得越来越普 遍。common为形容词,前面应该由副词修饰。increasingly 日益;愈加;渐增地。,12.(2017辽宁沈阳省示范协作校一模)Before the trip I thought we were rich but today I have learnt who is true rich.,答案 true→truly 句意:这次旅行前我认为我们是富有的,但是今天我已经了解到谁才是真 正富有的人。rich为形容词,前面应该由副词修饰。true为形容词,故改为副词truly(真正地)。,13.(2017重庆第一次诊断模拟)It is true that famous schools have been equipped with better teaching facilities. However, teachers there are excellent, who come from all over the country and even abroad.,答案 However→Besides/Moreover 句意:的确,名校配备了更好的教学设备。而且/此外,那 里的老师非常优秀,他们来自全国甚至国外。两句之间不存在转折关系,而是递进关系,故 however使用错误。besides此外,除此之外;moreover而且。,14.(2017甘肃天水、兰州一模)After a day􀆳s hard work I went to bed early than usual.,答案 early→earlier 句意:辛苦工作了一天之后,我比往常更早上床睡觉了。根据than usual 可知此处表示比较,故用early的比较级形式earlier。,15.(2017陕西西安一模)I worked hard and got along good with my teachers and classmates.,答案 good→well 句意:我学习努力,而且与我的老师和同学相处很好。get along with sb.与 某人相处,为动词短语,故由副词well修饰。,16.(2017陕西宝鸡教学质量检测一)Thirdly, while taking an exam, distribute your time proper according to the number of questions.,答案 proper→properly 句意:第三,参加考试时,要根据题目的数量恰当地分配你的时间。 distribute为动词,故应该由副词properly(适合地;恰当地)修饰。,17.(2017陕西咸阳二模)In order to make full use of her short stay here, Lily works very hardly.,答案 hardly→hard 句意:为了充分利用待在这里的短暂时间,莉莉学习非常努力。hard作为 副词,意为“努力地”,work hard意为“工作努力;学习努力”。hardly几乎不。,18.(2017宁夏银川一中一模)Your experience will be great helpful to me in my learning.,答案 great→greatly 句意:在学习方面,你的经验对我来说会有巨大帮助。helpful为形容词, 应该由副词修饰,great为形容词,greatly为副词。,19.(2016甘肃第一次诊断考试)The more they know about the importance of culture protection, the strong support we can get from the public.,答案 strong→stronger 句意:他们越了解文化保护的重要性,我们就越能够获得公众的支 持。句型“The+比较级,the+比较级”意为“越……越……”。,20.(2016甘肃天水一中第二次考试)However, it is difficult to rent a basketball field and possible to find a free one.,答案 possible→impossible 句意:然而,租一个篮球场很难,并且找到一个免费的是不可能 的。根据语境可知是impossible:不可能的。,21.(2016吉林长春普通高中质量检测一)A few days before, I listened to a radio programme about you.,答案 before→ago 句意:几天前,我听了一个关于你的广播节目。考查before和ago的区别。 before一般用于完成时,ago常用于一般过去时。,C组 2016—2018年高考模拟·综合题组 语篇型语法填空 Passage 1 Some people think that they will get ill if they use their brains 1 much.It is not true.Through many studies,scientists show us that the 2 (much)you use your brain,the better it will be and the 3 (clever)you will become. Of course,if you want to keep your mind 4 (clearly)and active,you must take a proper rest and study 5 (proper).To the teenagers,using their brains in the morning is 6 (well)for their health. There are many ways to rest.One is a 7 (peace)rest.Sleep is a peaceful rest.Another is an 8 (act)rest.For example,take a walk 9 (outdoor)and do more exercise every day.To change the way of brains􀆳 activities is also a good way to rest. In everyday life,to eat some eggs,meat,fresh vegetables and fruit is also good for the brains. Wish you a wise man and a 10 (happily)life.,答案 [语篇解读] 本文说明大脑越用越聪明及如何保护大脑。,1.too too much太多。副词too可用来修饰形容词或另外一个副词,意为:太。,2.more 根据本句中的the better it will be,可推知这里是“the+比较级.,the+比较级.”结构, 故答案为more。,3.cleverer 根据上题解析可知本题答案为cleverer。,4.clear 根据后面的active及其语法功能(作宾语补足语)可知本题答案为clear。,5.properly 本空需要用副词作状语,故填properly。,6.good “be good for”为固定短语,意为:对……有好处。,7.peaceful 由语境可知应填peace的形容词形式peaceful。,8.active 句意:另外一种为“忙碌的”休息。act的形容词形式为active。active(尤指体力上) 忙碌的,活跃的。,9.outdoors 此处需用副词作take a walk的状语。outdoor为形容词,outdoors为副词。 10.happy 设空处后为名词,故设空处应用形容词作定语。,Passage 2 Mary had lived in China for 1 (near) twenty years before she came here. I􀆳ve planned to visit China next year. So I requested her to tell me the 2 (good) time to go there. Mary said to me, “The most comfortable time to visit China is either between March and May or between September and early November. During these months, the weather is 3 (particular) pleasant throughout the country, neither too hot nor too cold.” I􀆳m 4 (interest) in tasting all kinds of food all over the world. I asked her to say something about the 5 (China) food. “Well, Chinese food is delicious and 6 (reasonable) priced. What is even 7 (good) is that restaurants do not ask for or accept tips.” she said 8 (pa- tient). “Language can be a problem in China, 9 (especial) for first-time visitors.” said Mary. She advised me to learn some 10 (base) words and phrases. Moreover, she reminded me to car- ry an English-Chinese pocket dictionary.,答案 [语篇解读] 我计划明年去中国,玛丽过去在中国生活了近20年,因此我向她征求了很多建议。,1.nearly 句意:玛丽在来这里之前在中国待了近20年。nearly几乎;将近;差不多。,2.best 根据下文中的The most comfortable time及该空前的定冠词可知该空应该用形容词的 最高级形式,故答案为best。,3.particularly 句意:在这些月份,整个国家的天气都特别宜人,既不是太热也不是太冷。par- ticularly尤其,特别。,4.interested be interested in对……感兴趣。,5.Chinese 由下文中的Chinese food可知。,6.reasonably 过去分词前需用副词作状语,故答案为reasonably。,7.better 由设空处前的副词even可知,设空处应为形容词的比较级形式(even用来修饰形容词 或副词的比较级),故答案为better。,8.patiently 修饰动词said用副词,故填patiently。,9.especially 由设空处前的“在中国,语言可能会是一个问题”可知对首次去那里的游客尤 其困难,故填especially(尤其是)。,10.basic basic words and phrases基本的单词和短语。,
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本文标题:2019版高考英语一轮复习(课标2卷B版)课件:专题三 形容词和副词.ppt
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