• / 50
  • 下载费用:8 金币  

2019版高考英语一轮复习(课标2卷B版)课件:专题四 谓语动词.ppt

关 键 词:
2019 高考 英语 一轮 复习 课标 课件 专题 谓语 动词
资源描述:
考点一 动词的时态和主谓一致,五年高考,1.(2018北京,1)—Hi, I􀆳m Peter. Are you new here?I haven􀆳t seen you around. —Hello, Peter. I􀆳m Bob. I just (start) on Monday.,答案 started 句意:——嗨,我是Peter。你是新来的吗?我在附近没见过你。——你好,Pe- ter。我是Bob,我是周一刚来的。本题考查动词的时态。根据Peter所说的话可知现在Bob已经 在这里了, Bob针对Peter的提问解释他是周一来的,所以设空处用一般过去时。,2.(2018北京,4)Susan had quit her well-paid job and (work) as a volunteer in the neighbor- hood when I visited her last year.,答案 was working 句意:我去年去看望Susan的时候,她已经辞去了高薪工作,正在社区做志 愿者。本题考查动词的时态。从题干中when引导的时间状语从句可知此处描述的是过去发 生的事情,看望Susan的时候她正从事志愿者服务工作,应用过去进行时表示。,3.(2018北京,7)China􀆳s high-speed railways (grow) from 9,000 to 25,000 kilometers in the past few years.,答案 have grown 句意:在过去的几年里,中国的高铁已经从9,000公里发展到了25,000公 里。本题考查动词的时态。根据题干中的时间状语in the past few years可知,句中谓语动词的 时态用现在完成时。,4.(2018江苏,31)Hopefully in 2025 we will no longer be e-mailing each other, for we (de- velop) more convenient electronic communication tools by then.,答案 will have developed 句意:在2025年我们有望不再互相发电子邮件了,因为到那时我们 就已经开发出更便捷的电子交流工具了。根据时间状语by then(相当于by 2025)可知,设空处 需用将来完成时。,5.(2017北京,24)— (do)you call that company to see how they think of our product yester-day? —Yes. They are happy with it.,答案 Did 句意:——你昨天给那家公司打电话了解他们对我们的产品的看法了吗?——打 了,他们很满意。根据时间状语yesterday可知,要用助动词do的过去式did。,6.(2017北京,33)People (have) better access to health care than they used to, and they􀆳re living longer as a result.,答案 have 句意:相比以前,人们(现在)有更好的医疗服务,因此他们的寿命更长一些。本题 考查动词的时态。根据题干中的than they used to可知,这是在比较过去和现在的医疗状况,所 以设空处应用一般现在时。,7.(2017天津,8)I (drive) down to London when I suddenly found that I was on the wrong road.,答案 was driving 句意:我正在开车前往伦敦的路上时突然发现我走错路了。根据句意可 知此处是be doing.when.句式,表示“正在做……这时……”。根据语境可知用过去进行时。,8.(2017江苏,24)The publication of Great Expectations, which (be) both widely reviewed and highly praised, strengthened Dickens􀆳 status as a leading novelist.,答案 was 句意:《远大前程》这本书被广泛地评价和高度地赞扬,它的出版巩固了狄更斯 作为最杰出的小说家的地位。本题考查动词的时态和主谓一致。根据题干可以确定,which引 导非限制性定语从句,先行词为Great Expectations,是一本书的名字,因此定语从句中的be动词 应是单数形式。根据题干中的strengthened可知语境为过去的时间,因此设空处的时态为一般 过去时,故填was。,9.(2016北京,21)Jack (work)in the lab when the power cut occurred.,答案 was working 句意:杰克正在实验室工作这时停电了。本题考查“be doing sth. when.”句型。根据题干中的occurred(一般过去时),可知设空处用过去进行时。,10.(2016北京,23)—Excuse me, which movie are you waiting for? —The new Star Wars. We (wait)here for more than two hours.,答案 have been waiting 句意:——打扰了,你们在等哪部电影?——新拍的《星球大战》。 我们已经在这儿等了两个多小时了。本题考查动词的时态。设空处表示该动作从两个多小 时前一直持续到说话时,而且可能持续下去,因此用现在完成进行时。,11.(2016北京,25)I (read)half of the English novel, and I􀆳ll try to finish it at the weekend.,答案 have read 句意:这本英文小说我已经读了一半了,我将尽力在周末把它读完。根据句 意可知,动作read发生在过去,对现在产生了影响,故用现在完成时。,12.(2016江苏,29)Dashan, who (learn)crosstalk, the Chinese comedic tradition, for decades, wants to mix it up with the Western stand-up tradition.,答案 has been learning 句意:大山学习中国传统喜剧形式——相声已经几十年了,他想把它 与西方的单口喜剧传统结合起来。根据句意以及for decades可知,学习这一动作从过去一直 延续到了现在,并且现在还在进行,故用现在完成进行时;主语Dashan为第三人称单数,故答案 为has been learning。,13.(2016浙江,9)Silk (become)one of the primary goods traded along the Silk Road by about 100 BC.,答案 had become 句意:到大约公元前100年丝绸已成为沿丝绸之路交易的主要货物之一。 根据句中的时间状语by about 100 BC可知“become”动作发生在“过去的过去”,故用过去 完成时。,14.(2015北京,26)In the last few years,China (make) great achievements in environmental protection.,答案 has made 句意:在过去的几年里,中国在环境保护方面已经取得了巨大的成就。本题 考查动词的时态。根据句中时间状语In the last few years可知用现在完成时。,15.(2015北京,27)—Did you have difficulty finding Ann􀆳s house? —Not really.She (give) us clear directions and we were able to find it easily.,答案 had given 句意:——你们找到Ann的家有困难吗?——不难找。她已经给了我们清晰 的方位,我们能很容易找到。本题考查动词时态。动词give 的动作发生在“were able to find”之前,符合过去完成时表示“过去的过去”的用法。,16.(2015北京,30)—Dr.Jackson is not in his office at the moment. —All right.I (call) him later.,答案 will call 句意:——Dr.Jackson现在不在办公室。——好的。我稍后给他打电话。本 题考查动词时态。根据对话中的later一词可知用一般将来时。,17.(2015江苏,30)The real reason why prices (be),and still are, too high is complex,and no short discussion can satisfactorily explain this problem.,答案 were 句意:物价过去是,现在仍然是那么高的真正原因是复杂的,短短的讨论不可能对 此问题做出令人满意的解释。本题考查动词时态。根据题目中 “and still are(现在仍然是)” 可以得知过去也是一样的情形,故用were。,18.(2015福建,30)—Where is Peter?I can􀆳t find him anywhere. —He went to the library after breakfast and (write) his essay there ever since.,答案 has been writing 句意:——彼得在哪里?我到处都找不到他。——他在早饭后去了图 书馆,从那时起一直在那里写论文。本题考查动词时态。根据时间状语ever since可知设空处 应该用现在完成进行时,表示动作从过去开始一直持续到现在且还在进行。,19.(2015湖南,22)As you go through this book,you (find) that each of the millions of people who lived through World War Ⅱ had a different experience.,答案 will find 句意:当你读完这本书,你就会发现数百万从第二次世界大战中活过来的每一个人的经历都不同。本题考查时态。as引导的时间状语从句为一般现在时,主句应用一般将来时。,20.(2015陕西,22)Marty (work) really hard on his book and he thinks he􀆳ll have finished it by Friday.,答案 has been working 句意:Marty在他的这本书上确实很用功,他觉得周五前就可以完成 了。本题考查时态。根据语境可知这里应用现在完成进行时。,21.(2015重庆,1)—Is Peter coming? —No,he (change) his mind after a phone call at the last minute.,答案 changed 句意:——彼得要来吗?——不来了。在最后时刻接了一个电话后他改变了 主意。考查动词时态。根据语境可知“改变主意”应该发生在对话前的某一时间,要用一般 过去时。,22.(2014北京,31)—What time is it? —I have no idea.But just a minute,I (check) it for you.,答案 will check 句意:——现在几点了?——我不知道,不过等一下,我帮你看看。根据句意 可知答话者此刻也不知道几点,因此“我帮你看看”是接下来要发生的动作,故使用一般将来时。,23.(2014北京,32)I found the lecture hard to follow because it (start)when I arrived.,答案 had started 句意:我发现我很难明白讲座的内容,因为当我到的时候它已经开始了。 题干中的语境为过去时,根据句意可知空格处发生的动作先于arrived,故使用过去完成时。,24.(2014重庆,8)James has just arrived,but I didn􀆳t know he (come)until yesterday.,答案 was coming/would come 句意:詹姆斯刚到,但是直到昨天我才知道他会来。主句的谓 语动词是一般过去时,从句的时态应用过去的某种时态,根据句意可知该空表示过去将要发生 的动作,所以要用过去将来时。,25.(2014福建,23)—Haven􀆳t seen you for ages! Where have you been? —I went to Ningxia and (stay) there for one year,teaching as a volunteer.,答案 stayed 句意:——好几年没见到你了!你去哪儿了?——我去宁夏支教了一年。答句由 and连接两个并列的谓语动词,根据went及句意可知,此处表示的动作发生在过去,“待”这个 动作与went这个动作几乎同时发生,故用一般过去时。,26.(2014陕西,22)During his stay in Xi􀆳an,Jerry tried almost all the local foods his friends (recommend).,答案 had recommended 句意:Jerry在西安逗留期间,他几乎尝遍了朋友推荐的所有的当地 食物。根据句意可知,“他的朋友推荐”这个动作发生在tried这个动作之前,即“过去的过 去”,故用过去完成时。,27.(2014四川,9)She (phone)someone,so I nodded to her and went away.,答案 was phoning 句意:她当时正在给某人打电话,所以我对她点点头走开了。根据句意 可知该空表示过去某一时间正在发生的动作,所以要用过去进行时。,28.(2014江西,24)—Tony,why are your eyes red? —I (cut) up peppers for the last five minutes.,答案 have been cutting 句意:——托尼,为什么你的眼睛红了?——过去的五分钟里我一直 都在剁辣椒。根据本题中的 for the last five minutes 可以判断动作从过去开始,持续到现在,并 且可能现在还在进行,故用现在完成进行时。,29.(2014湖南,32)All we need (be) a small piece of land where we can plant various kinds of fruit trees throughout the growing seasons of the year.,答案 is 句意:我们所需要的就是一小片土地,我们可以在一年中播种的季节里在那儿种植 各类果树。根据题干可知All指代的是a small piece of land,所以谓语动词要用单数形式,整句 话的语境为一般现在时,故填is。,考点二 被动语态,1.(2018北京,9)A rescue worker risked his life saving two tourists who (trap) in the moun- tains for two days.,答案 had been trapped 句意:一位救援人员冒着生命危险营救了两名已经在山中被困两天 的游客。根据句中主句的谓语动词risked可知事情发生在过去,而“被困”发生在risked之前, 故用过去完成时。定语从句的先行词是two tourists,与从句的谓语动词trap之间是被动关系,因 此设空处应用过去完成时的被动语态。,2.(2018天津,13)My washing machine (repair)this week, so I have to wash my clothes by hand.,答案 is being repaired 句意:本周我的洗衣机正在维修中,因此我不得不用手洗我的衣服。 根据后面“用手洗我的衣服”可知这里表示“洗衣机正在维修中”,故用现在进行时;My washing machine与repair为被动关系,需用被动语态。因此,设空处需用现在进行时的被动语态。,3.(2018江苏,30)I was sent to the village last month to see how the development plan (carry) out in the past two years.,答案 had been carried 句意:上个月我被派到这个村子来检查那个发展计划在过去的两年 中的实施情况。考查动词时态和语态。设空处表示的动作应该发生在主句谓语动词was sent 之前,属于“过去的过去”,且表示被动,所以要用过去完成时的被动语态。,4.(2017北京,29)In the 1950s in the USA, most families had just one phone at home, and wireless phones (invent) yet.,答案 hadn􀆳t been invented 句意:在20世纪50年代的美国,大多数家庭家中只有一部电话,无 线电话还没有被发明出来。“无线电话”和“发明”之间是被动关系,根据语境可知要用过 去完成时的被动语态。,5.(2017天津,6)Nowadays, cycling, along with jogging and swimming, (regard) as one of the best all-round forms of exercise.,答案 is regarded 句意:如今,与慢跑和游泳一起,骑自行车被视为最好的、全面的运动形式 之一。设空处是句子的谓语动词,主语与regard之间是被动关系。句子的主语是cycling, 谓语 动词要用单数。根据时间状语Nowadays可知时态为一般现在时。,6.(2017江苏,27)He hurried home, never once looking back to see if he (follow).,答案 was being followed 句意:他匆忙往家赶,从未回头看看是否有人跟着他。本题考查动 词的时态、语态及主谓一致。根据句意可知,设空处应用被动语态,且表示当时正在被跟踪,从 句中主语为he,故填was being followed。,7.(2016北京,30)The students have been working hard on their lessons and their efforts (reward)with success in the end.,答案 will be rewarded 句意:学生们一直都很努力学习功课,最终回报他们的努力的将是成 功。根据语境可知设空处需用一般将来时;their efforts与reward之间为被动关系,故用被动语 态。综上所述,答案应为一般将来时的被动语态。,8.(2016江苏,22)More efforts, as reported, (make)in the years ahead to accelerate the supply -side structural reform.,答案 will be made 句意:据报道,为了加速供给侧结构性改革,在今后几年将做出更大的努 力。根据in the years ahead并结合句意可知,动作发生在将来,故用一般将来时,主语More ef- forts与make为被动关系,故用被动语态。综上所述,答案为will be made。,9.(2015天津,9)Despite the previous rounds of talks, no agreement (reach) so far by the two sides.,答案 has been reached 句意:尽管之前进行了多轮谈判,但到目前为止双方没有取得一致意 见。考查动词的时态和语态。根据题干中的时间状语so far可知此处应该用现在完成时,而a- greement与谓语动词之间为被动关系,所以要用现在完成时的被动语态。,10.(2015北京,22)—Did you enjoy the party? —Yes.We (treat) well by our hosts.,答案 were treated 句意:——你们在聚会上玩得愉快吗?——是的,我们被主人们招待得很 好。本题考查动词的时态和语态。根据对话内容可知所谈事情发生在过去,且主语We与动词 treat之间为被动关系,故答案为一般过去时的被动语态。,12.(2014大纲全国,22)Unless some extra money (find),the theatre will close.,11.(2015四川,4)More expressways (build) in Sichuan soon to promote the local economy.,答案 will be built 句意:四川很快会建更多的高速公路来促进当地经济的发展。本题考查 时态和语态。由语境可知用一般将来时,且主语expressways和动词build是被动关系,故答案为 一般将来时的被动语态。,答案 is found 句意:除非找到一些额外资金,否则这家剧院就得关门。由主句中的will可知 unless引导的从句应用一般现在时表将来,且money和find之间是被动关系,故答案为is found。,考点三 情态动词和虚拟语气,1.(2018北京,12)In today􀆳s information age, the loss of data cause serious problems for a company.,答案 can 句意:在当今这个信息时代,对于一个公司来说,数据的丢失会造成严重的后果。 本题考查情态动词。根据句意可知,语境要体现的是一种客观的可能性,且cause 为动词原形, 因此用can符合语境。,2.(2018北京,13)They might have found a better hotel if they (drive) a few more kilometers.,答案 had driven 句意:如果他们再多行驶几千米,他们或许就会找到一个更好的宾馆了。本 题考查虚拟语气。根据题干中主句的谓语might have found可知本句为与过去事实相反的虚 拟,因此if引导的从句中谓语动词形式应为had done,故填had driven。,3.(2018天津,10)I can􀆳t find my purse. I have left it in the supermarket yesterday, but I􀆳m not sure.,答案 could/might 句意:我找不到我的钱包了。我可能昨天把它落在超市了,但我不确定。 本题考查情态动词。设空处表示对过去事情的推测,且根据题干中的“I􀆳m not sure”可推知 此处表示不确定的推测,故用could/might表示“可能”。,4.(2018天津,15)If we (catch)the flight yesterday, we would be enjoying our holiday on the beach now.,答案 had caught 句意:如果昨天我们赶上那趟航班了,我们现在就会正在沙滩上享受我们 的假期了。本题考查虚拟语气。If从句表示与过去事实相反的假设,其谓语动词需用“had+ 过去分词”形式。,5.(2018江苏,27)There is a good social life in the village, and I wish I (have) a second chance to become more involved.,答案 had 句意:这个村子里的人们有良好的社交生活,我希望自己能再获得一次机会去更 多地参与其中。考查虚拟语气。wish后面的宾语从句往往用虚拟语气,此处表示与现在事实 相反的假设,故填had。,6.(2017北京,21)Samuel, the tallest boy in our class, easily reach the books on the top shelf.,答案 can 句意:Samuel是我们班里最高的男孩,他可以轻松地够到书架顶层的书。考查情 态动词。can表示“可以,能够”,表示能力,符合语境。,7.(2017天津,2)My room is a mess, but I clean it before I go out tonight. I can do it in the morning.,答案 needn􀆳t 句意:我的房间很乱,但是在今晚外出之前我不必打扫它,我可以早晨打扫。 设空处表示不必做某事,所以用needn􀆳t。,8.(2017天津,15)—Do you have Betty􀆳s phone number? —Yes. Otherwise, I (be) able to reach her yesterday.,答案 wouldn􀆳t have been 句意:——你有Betty的电话号码吗?——有,否则,昨天我就不能联 系到她了。设空处是对过去发生的事进行虚拟,应该用would have done结构,此处要用否定形式。,9.(2017江苏,22) (be) it not for the support of the teachers, the student could not overcome her difficulty.,答案 Were 句意:没有老师们的支持,这个学生不可能克服她的困难。本题考查虚拟语气。 根据题干中的the student could not overcome可知,语境是对现在事实的虚拟,be动词在虚拟语 气中通常用were,当虚拟语气中if引导的条件状语从句省略了if时,从句部分应部分倒装。,10.(2017北京,34)If the new safety system (put) to use, the accident would never have hap- pened.,答案 had been put 句意:如果新的安全系统被投入使用,这起事故就不会发生了。本题考查 虚拟语气。根据题干中的主句谓语部分would never have happened可知语境是对过去发生的 事进行虚拟。,11.(2016北京,31)I love the weekend, because I get up early on Saturdays and Sundays.,答案 needn􀆳t 句意:我爱周末,因为我不必在周六和周日早起。needn􀆳t表示不必。,12.(2016北京,34)Why didn􀆳t you tell me about your trouble last week? If you (tell)me, I could have helped.,答案 had told 句意:你上周为什么不告诉我你遇到的麻烦?如果你告诉我,我本可以帮你 的。本题考查虚拟语气。根据题干中的could have helped和last week可知设空处为与过去事 实相反的虚拟语气,故答案为had told。,13.(2016天津,5)It was really annoying; I get access to the data bank you had recommend-ed.,答案 couldn􀆳t 句意:真令人恼火。我不能进入你推荐的数据库。根据It was really annoying 可知应用couldn􀆳t。,14.(2016天津,15)I was wearing a seat belt. If I hadn􀆳t been wearing one, I would (injure).,答案 have been injured 句意:我那时系着安全带呢。如果我没系安全带的话,我可能就受 伤了。根据句意可知设空处为与过去事实相反的虚拟语气,其谓语动词形式为would+ have done。主语I与injure为被动关系,故需用被动语态,故答案为 have been injured。,15.(2016江苏,27)If it (be)for his invitation the other day, I should not be here now.,答案 had not been/hadn􀆳t been 句意:如果不是因为那天他的邀请,我现在是不会在这里 的。根据句意可知,本句为错综条件句。主句和现在的事实相反,从句和过去的事实相反,故从 句谓语动词为过去完成时。,16.(2015北京,34)If I (see) it with my own eyes,I wouldn􀆳t have believed it.,答案 hadn􀆳t seen 句意:如果不是我亲眼看到,我是不会相信的。本题考查虚拟语气。由主 句谓语“wouldn􀆳t have believed”可知此处为与过去事实相反的虚拟,条件从句应该用过去完 成时。,17.(2015江苏,28)It might have saved me some trouble if I (know) the schedule.,答案 had known 句意:要是我知道安排的话,我可能会省一些事儿。本题考查虚拟语气。 由主句 “It might have saved me some trouble”可知此处是与过去事实相反的假设,所以用过 去完成时。,18.(2015天津,13)I wish I (be) at my sister􀆳s wedding last Tuesday,but I was on a business trip in New York then.,答案 had been 句意:要是上周二我能参加我姐姐的婚礼就好了,可是那时我正在纽约出 差。考查虚拟语气。wish后的从句对过去情况进行虚拟时应用had done。,19.(2015安徽,32)It is lucky we booked a room,or we have nowhere to stay now.,答案 would 句意:很幸运,我们预订了一个房间,要不我们现在就没有地方可以住了。本题 考查虚拟语气。or前面是真实的情况,or后面表示对现在的虚拟,用would do的形式,故答案为 would。,20.(2015陕西,23)Ellen is a fantastic dancer.I wish I (dance) as well as her.,答案 danced 句意:Ellen是一个非常优秀的舞者,我希望我能跳得像她一样好。本题考查虚 拟语气。wish后面用一般过去时表示对现在的虚拟,故答案为danced。,21.(2015北京,29)—Can􀆳t you stay a little longer? —It􀆳s getting late.I really go now.My daughter is home alone.,答案 must 句意:——难道你不能再多逗留一会儿吗?——时间不早了。现在我确实得走 了。我的女儿独自一人在家。本题考查情态动词。根据上下文可知答案为must(必须)。,22.(2015浙江,4)It was so noisy that we hear ourselves speak.,答案 couldn􀆳t 句意:这里如此嘈杂以至于我们无法听到自己说话。本题考查情态动词。根 据语境可知此处表达“我们不能听到自己说话”,并且时态为一般过去时,故答案是couldn􀆳t。,23.(2014湖南,22)If Mr.Dewey (be)present,he would have offered any possible assistance to the people there.,答案 had been 句意:如果Dewey先生当时在场的话,他会为那里的人们提供任何可能的帮 助。本题考查虚拟语气。根据题干中的would have offered及上下文逻辑可知设空处与过去事 实相反,故答案为had been。在虚拟语气中,如果条件从句和主句均与过去事实相反,条件从句 谓语动词为:had+过去分词,主句谓语动词为:would/should/could/might+have+过去分词。,24.(2014福建,32) (be)there no modern telecommunications,we would have to wait for weeks to get news from around the world.,答案 Were 句意:要是没有现代化的通讯工具,我们要等上几周才能获取世界各地的新闻。本题考查虚拟语气。根据主句的would have to可知设空处表示与现在事实相反的假设,if条件从句谓语动词应用“动词的过去式”,即If there were.,在虚拟条件句中可以省略if,把were提到句首。,25.(2014重庆,3)I􀆳ve ordered some pizza,so we worry about cooking when we get home tired.,答案 needn􀆳t 句意:我已经预订了一些比萨饼,所以当我们到家感到累的时候就不必担心做 饭的事了。本题考查情态动词。根据句意可知答案为needn􀆳t。,26.(2014江苏,31)It was sad to me that they,so poor themselves, bring me food.,答案 should 句意:让我难过的是,他们自己那么贫穷,竟然还给我带来食物。本题考查情态 动词。情态动词should可以表示说话人惊讶的语气,意为“竟然”。,A组 2016—2018年高考模拟·单句填空 时间:15分钟 分值:24分,三年模拟,考点一 动词的时态和主谓一致,1.(2018东北三省三校一模,62)Especially famous is the wall built in 220—206 BC. Little of that wall (remain).,答案 remains 句意:尤为著名的是建于公元前220年到206年之间的那段长城。现在它已所 剩无几。设空处在句中作谓语动词,根据语境可知此处说的是现在的情况,故用一般现在时态, 主语为第三人称单数,故填remains。remain vi. 剩下;留下。,2.(2018黑龙江哈三中一模,70)According to the letter, the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative (help) to promote “equality for all children in the next generation”.,答案 will help 句意:根据这封信件,“扎克伯格——陈计划”将有助于促进“下一代的所有孩子的平等”。根据句意以及in the next generation可知“帮助”为将来的动作,故用一般将来时。,3.(2018黑龙江齐齐哈尔一模,67)The humble man (refuse) an interview invitation after becoming an Internet star and said that he just did what he felt he should.,答案 refused 句意:这个谦虚的人在成为网络明星后拒绝了一个采访邀请,他说自己只是做 了他认为该做的事情。根据said可知该动作发生于过去,故用一般过去时。,4.(2018辽宁沈阳东北育才学校三模,63)Tea from China, along with her silk and porcelain (瓷器), began to be known to the world more than a thousand years ago and since then it (be) an important Chinese export.,答案 has been 句意:在一千多年前,中国的茶叶连同丝绸和瓷器开始为世界所知,从那时起, 它已成为中国一种重要的出口商品。根据时间状语since then可知用现在完成时态。,5.(2018新疆乌鲁木齐二诊,62)It (become) separated from Britain and Ireland by 6500 BC.,答案 had become 句意:不迟于公元前6500年,它已经从大不列颠岛和爱尔兰分离了出去。 根据时间状语by 6500 BC可知动作发生于“过去的过去”,故用过去完成时态。,6.(2017宁夏银川一中一模,67)The development of classical Chinese poetry actively continued up to the year of 1919, when the May Fourth Movement (take) place, and is still popular today.,答案 took 句意:中国古典诗歌的积极发展持续到了1919年,在这一年发生了五四运动,在今 天中国古典诗歌依然很受欢迎。when为关系副词,根据先行词the year of 1919,可知定语从句 的谓语动词为一般过去时态。,7.(2017陕西宝鸡教学质量检测一,70)Looking back over the past twenty years, we have to admit that this man and the Number 23 player of the Chicago Bulls (change) the basketball game.,答案 have changed 句意:回顾过去的二十年,我们不得不承认这个男人和芝加哥公牛队的2 3号队员已经改变了篮球比赛。此处表示过去发生的动作对现在的影响,故用现在完成时态。 根据主语this man and the Number 23 player of the Chicago Bulls可知填have changed。,9.(2017陕西榆林第一次测试,68)I wished her a long life and (be)thankful for her sweet heart.,答案 was 句意:我祝愿她长寿并感谢她的好心。由wished可知此处用过去时态,根据主语I 可知填was。,10.(2017辽宁沈阳省示范协作校一模,65)Not until the early 19th century (be) nail paints changed into the nail polish that we see today.,答案 were 句意:直到19世纪早期,指甲染料才变为我们今天看到的指甲油。本句为倒装句, 主语为nail paints,是复数形式,结合时间状语可知句中的be应该用一般过去时态。,8.(2017陕西西安一模,64)Recent statistics show that in the past few years voluntourism (be)one of the fastest-growing areas of tourism.,答案 has been 句意:近期的数据表明,在过去的几年中,公益旅游已经成为旅游业中发展最 为迅速的领域之一。根据时间状语in the past few years可知句中的谓语动词用现在完成时 态。voluntourism为不可数名词,故现在完成时态中用has。,12.(2016辽宁沈阳东北育才学校第五次模拟,61)It􀆳s true that technology (make) our lives easier.,答案 makes 句意:科技确实使我们的生活更容易些了。 本题考查动词时态。根据句意可 知应为一般现在时。,11.(2016 陕西宝鸡质检,62)After two hours􀆳 ride, the dream place we were looking forward to (come)into view.,答案 came 句意:两个小时的旅程之后,我们期待的梦想之地映入眼帘。句子主语the dream place被定语从句we were looking forward to修饰,故所填词应为谓语动词,根据从句时态 可知需用一般过去时。,考点二 被动语态,1.(2018陕西宝鸡质检,68)Later, Nelson (award) the Presidential Medal of Freedom in recognition of his work.,答案 was awarded 句意:后来,Nelson被授予总统自由勋章来表彰他的工作。award授予;颁 发。Nelson与award之间为被动关系,故设空处需用被动语态;根据语境可知“被授予”发生于 过去,需用一般过去时。综上所述答案为was awarded。,2.(2018黑龙江齐齐哈尔一模,63)The video (record) by a fellow passenger who posted it on Weibo.,答案 was recorded 句意:一位同行乘客录下了这段视频并将其发到了微博上。主语The video与record之间为被动关系,且根据定语从句中的谓语动词posted可知设空处用一般过去时 的被动语态。,3.(2018宁夏银川一中一模,67)Over the years the topics which were controversial at the time (discuss) and debated.,答案 have been discussed 句意:这些年来,当时有争议的那些话题一直被讨论、辩论。根据 时间状语Over the years可知句子谓语动词用现在完成时态,而且the topics与discuss之间为被 动关系,故用被动语态。,4.(2018辽宁沈阳一模,41)He (invite) to accompany Captain Robert FitzRoy who was em- ployed by the British government on a voyage aboard a ship called the Beagle.,答案 was invited 句意:他受邀去陪同英国政府所雇用的Robert FitzRoy船长,乘坐一艘名为 贝格尔号的轮船出海。主语He与invite之间为被动关系,故设空处需用被动语态;根据句意以 及题干的was可知设空处需用一般过去时。综上所述答案为was invited。,5.(2018内蒙古包头一模,43)Also within it is Wulingyuan which (name) a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1992.,答案 was named 句意:内部还有1992年被联合国教科文组织选为世界遗产地的武陵源。 which引导定语从句并在从句中作主语。Wulingyuan为先行词,与name之间为被动关系,故用 被动语态。由时间状语in 1992可知用一般过去时。,6.(2018吉林长春一模,68)Two months later, a reply from Buckingham Palace (receive).,答案 was received 句意:两个月后,收到了来自白金汉宫的回复。主语a reply与receive之间 为被动关系,时间状语Two months later表示过去,故设空处填一般过去时的被动语态。,7.(2017新疆乌鲁木齐第二次诊断,65)You need to accept it because you can learn a lot from it. The mistake (make) already, so make the most of it.,答案 has been made 句意:你需要接受它,因为你能从中学到很多东西。错误已经犯过了,因 此要充分利用它。mistake与make之间为被动关系,并且此处表示过去动作对现在的影响,故用 现在完成时的被动语态。,8.(2017重庆第一次诊断模拟,64)New astronauts (need) to fly the new generation of NASA spacecraft as well as to conduct experiments on the ISS.,答案 are needed 句意:需要新的飞行员来驾驶(美国)国家航空与航天局新一代的航天(飞 行)器并在国际空间站上做实验。astronauts与need之间为被动关系,故填被动语态。根据语境 可知用一般现在时态,表示现在的情况。,9.(2017陕西咸阳二模,66)Other types of cry, including calls of animals in great pain, fail to get the same response—suggesting that the brain (program) to respond especially to a baby􀆳s cry.,答案 is program(m)ed 句意:其他类型的哭声,包括动物因痛苦发生的叫声,都没能得到同样 的回应——这表明大脑被编进了特别回应孩子哭声的程序。brain与program之间为被动关系, 且根据语境可知用一般现在时态。program编程。,10.(2017辽宁锦州二模,61)Young people (bear)in 1995 or later have another name in Eng- lish—Generation 2.,答案 born 句意:出生于1995年或更晚的年轻人有另一个英文名字——Generation 2。bear 表示出生,只用于被动结构,此处作Young people的后置定语,需用过去分词。,11.(2016 辽宁辽南协作体下学期二模,62)Last year on his way to work, he would pass by a river- bank where rubbish (collect).,答案 was collected 句意:去年在他上班的路上,他会经过一条河岸,那里堆满了垃圾。 本题 考查动词的时态及语态。根据句意可知为被动语态,且时态为一般过去时。,12.(2016重庆南开中学二诊,70) It (report) that the young man wanted to carry them to another city and sell them as pets but no one expected that these small creatures succeeded in es- caping from the bag.,答案 was reported 句意:据报道,这名年轻男子想要把它们带到另一个城市当宠物卖,但没 人料到这些小动物成功逃离了旅行袋。It was reported that.是固定句型,意为“据报道… …”。,B组 2016—2018年高考模拟·单句改错 时间:18分钟 分值:27分,1.(2018东北三省三校一模)When I got into the helicopter, I attempt to close the door.,答案 attempt→attempted 句意:我在进入直升机后,试图把门关上。时间状语从句的谓语动 词got为一般过去时,由此可推知主句谓语动词也需用一般过去时,故将attempt改为attempted。,2.(2018陕西宝鸡质检)The one who always listen to others tends to be easy-going.,答案 listen→listens 句意:总是听他人诉说的人往往很随和。“who.others”为定语从句, 先行词为The one。根据always可知错误处应该用一般现在时;先行词The one为第三人称单数, 故将listen改为listens。,3.(2018黑龙江哈三中一模)The voluntary activity was offered us an opportunity to contribute to our society.,答案 删除was 句意:志愿活动为我们提供了一个为社会做贡献的机会。根据句意可知主 语The voluntary activity与offer之间为主动关系,故用主动语态。,4.(2018辽宁沈阳一模)Li Yuan did well in her job. And then she runs a teahouse of her own.,答案 runs→ran 句意:李媛在工作中表现很好。之后,她就经营了一家属于自己的茶馆。根 据第一句中的did以及第二句的时间状语then可知,第二句中的谓语动词用一般过去时。,5.(2018吉林长春一模)How time flies!I went back to school and begin my lessons last month.,答案 begin→began 句意:时间过得真快啊!上个月我回到学校开始上课了。根据时间状语 last month可知第二句叙述的是过去的事情,故将begin改为began。,6.(2018宁夏银川一中二模)We first went around the school and then visit the school museum to admire all the pleasant changes in recent years.,答案 visit→visited 句意:首先我们在学校转了转,然后参观了学校博物馆以欣赏近些年发 生的所有的喜人变化。根据went以及时间状语then可知此处的动作发生在过去,需用一般过 去时,故将visit改为visited。,7.(2018甘肃兰州二模)When we arrived, we were warmly welcome by them.,答案 welcome→welcomed 句意:我们到达时,受到了他们的热烈欢迎。主句主语we与wel- come之间为被动关系,按照“be+过去分词”的被动语态的基本结构可知须将welcome改为过 去分词welcomed。,8.(2018内蒙古包头一模)Then I went to have a chat with my new friend, John, whom I happen to meet during my holiday.,答案 happen→happened 句意:后来我就去和我的新朋友约翰聊天,我是在假期偶然遇到他 的。happen to do sth.碰巧做某事,根据主句的时态可知从句也应该为一般过去时,且during my holiday指过去的时间。,9.(2018黑龙江大庆质检)They said what we had done were right.,答案 were→was 句意:他们说我们所做的是正确的。主语从句what we had done指“我们 所做的事情”,为单数,故系动词用was。,10.(2018辽宁沈阳郊联体一模)On this website there is varieties of English materials available, such as English papers, articles about foreign cultures and so on.,答案 is→are 句意:在这个网站上,有各种英语材料可用,如英文报纸、关于外国文化的文章 等。在there be句型中,be的单复数形式由后面的名词确定。根据varieties可知be用复数形式。,11.(2018甘肃天水一中一模)Since last winter, the smog has been occurred a lot of times.,答案 删除been 句意:自从去年冬天以来,雾霾已经多次发生。occur发生,为不及物动词,故 不能用于被动语态。根据Since.可知本句为现在完成时态。,12.(2017宁夏银川一中一模)If only I can be successful like you.,答案 can→could 句意:我要是像你一样成功多好啊。If only.要是……多好啊。if only后 的句子应该用虚拟语气,故can改为could。,13.(2017宁夏银川一中一模)It is no wonder that you have made such great progress in your Chi- nese study because you had always been working hard.,答案 had→have 句意:你一直都非常努力学习,在中文学习方面取得这么大的进步就不足 为奇了。根据have made.可知原因状语从句中应该用现在完成进行时态,强调动作一直持续 到现在。,14.(2017陕西西安一模)Whenever I had difficulties, they are always available.,答案 are→were 句意:无论何时我有困难,他们总是帮助我。根据时间状语从句中的had,可 知主句应该用一般过去时态。,15.(2017东北三省四市教研联合体一模)So an art gallery make me an offer of $5,000 for this painting and I nearly sold it, but then I decided not to.,答案 make→made 句意:因此一家美术馆出价5,000美元要向我买这幅画,我差一点儿就卖 出去了,但是那时我决定不卖了。根据sold、decided等可确定make用一般过去时态。,16.(2017黑龙江哈尔滨三中一模)She begun to learn paintings at an early age and has a good knowledge of traditional Chinese paintings.,答案 begun→began 句意:她在小时候就开始学画画,对传统的中国画非常了解。根据at an early age可知谓语动词用一般过去时态,begun为过去分词,began为过去式。,17.(2017吉林普通中学第二次调研)As the economy grow, more opportunities are appearing than before.,答案 grow→grows 句意:随着经济的发展,正在出现比以前更多的机会。as引导时间状语 从句,根据语境可知此处用一般现在时态,economy为不可数名词,故谓语动词用第三人称单数 形式。,18.(2017辽宁沈阳东北育才学校五模)I used to be a doctor at a hospital. I often treated children who had poisoned by medicine for older family members.,答案 had后加been 句意:我过去是一所医院的医生,我经常治疗一些因误服家中老人的药 品而中毒的孩子。who指代children,与poison之间为被动关系。,19.(2017黑龙江大庆二模)She also suggested that I can introduce my culture to my classmates.,答案 can→should或删除can 句意:她还建议我向我的同学们介绍我的文化。suggest在句中 意为“建议”,后接宾语从句,宾语从句的谓语动词用虚拟语气,即“should+动词原形”或省 略should。,20.(2016陕西汉中二次质检)I think smiling not only makes us happy but also help build up our confidence.,答案 help→helps “not only.but also”意为“不仅……而且……”,连接并列句子成分, help应与makes形式一致,作宾语从句的谓语动词,故将help改成helps。,21.(2016 东北三省三校第一次联合模拟)As soon as I was able to leave last night, I race out of the restaurant.,答案 race→raced 本题考查动词时态。根据句意可知主句是一般过去时。,22.(2016黑龙江哈尔滨三中二模)Deeply hurt, he refused to be bothered and struggle to break away from the pain.,答案 struggle→struggled 本题考查动词时态。根据句子结构可知连词and连接的是refused 和struggled,故应保持动词形式一致。,23.(2016辽宁沈阳东北育才学校第五次模拟)She was very afraid of mice, so she ran out of the house, getting onto a bus and went to a nearby shop.,答案 getting→got 本题考查动词时态。根据句意,ran out of, got onto和went to应为一系列 动作,用and来连接,故用get的过去式。,24.(2016 重庆七校联考)Sophie gave all her sweets to him as she had been promised.,答案 去掉been 本题考查动词语态。she跟promise之间是主动关系。,25.(2016宁夏银川四月质检)Be quiet.This uncle must very tired because of hard work.,答案 must后加be 句意:安静点,这位
展开阅读全文
  语墨文库所有资源均是用户自行上传分享,仅供网友学习交流,未经上传用户书面授权,请勿作他用。
0条评论

还可以输入200字符

暂无评论,赶快抢占沙发吧。

关于本文
本文标题:2019版高考英语一轮复习(课标2卷B版)课件:专题四 谓语动词.ppt
链接地址:http://www.wenku38.com/p-57964.html

                                            站长QQ:1002732220      手机号:18710392703    


                                                          copyright@ 2008-2020 语墨网站版权所有

                                                             经营许可证编号:蜀ICP备18034126号

网站客服微信
收起
展开