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2019版高考英语一轮复习(课标3卷B版)课件:专题六 并列连词和复合句.ppt

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2019 高考 英语 一轮 复习 课标 课件 专题 并列 连词 复合句
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考点一 并列连词 1.(2016北京,35)I am not afraid of tomorrow, I have seen yesterday and I love today.,五年高考,答案 for 句意:我不惧怕明天,因为我已经看到了昨天并热爱今天。本题考查并列连词。根 据语境可知,前后分句为因果关系,故答案为for。,2.(2015北京,25)He is a shy man, he is not afraid of anything or anyone.,答案 but 句意:他是一个腼腆的人,但是他不害怕任何人和任何事。本题考查连词。前后两 个分句为转折关系,所以用but。,3.(2014北京,21)Some animals carry seeds from one place to another, plants can spread to new places.,答案 so 句意:一些动物将种子从一个地方带到另外一个地方,因此植物可以传播到新的地 方。设空处前后两个分句之间为因果关系,故填并列连词so。,考点二 复合句 第一组 定语从句 1.(2018北京,5)She and her family bicycle to work, helps them keep fit.,答案 which 句意:她和家人都骑自行车上班,这有助于他们保持健康。本题考查定语从 句。根据题干可知,从句修饰的是前面的整句话,“她和家人骑自行车上班”这件事充当了定 语从句中的主语成分,且此定语从句前出现逗号,是非限制性定语从句,所以用which引导。,2.(2018天津,2)Kate, sister I shared a room with when we were at college, has gone to work in Australia.,答案 whose 句意:凯特去澳大利亚工作了。上大学期间我和她妹妹住同一房间。本题考 查定语从句。先行词为Kate,将先行词代入定语从句后为:I shared a room with Kate's sister when we were at college.由此可见,关系词在定语从句中作定语,先行词指“人”,故填关系代 词whose。,3.(2018江苏,23)Self-driving is an area China and the rest of the world are on the same start- ing line.,答案 where 句意:无人驾驶是一个中国和世界上其他国家处于同一个起跑线上的领域。考 查定语从句。设空处引导的是定语从句,修饰先行词an area。将先行词代入定语从句后为 China and the rest of the world are on the same starting line in the area. 由此可知先行词与表地点 的介词in一起在定语从句中作地点状语,所以要用关系副词where。,4.(2017北京,31)The little problems we meet in our daily lives may be inspirations for great inventions.,答案 that/which 句意:我们在日常生活中遇到的小麻烦有可能成为伟大发明的灵感。本题 考查定语从句。题干中,The little problems是先行词, we meet in our daily lives是定语从 句,从句中缺少宾语,因此用that/which引导定语从句。,5.(2017天津,9)My eldest son, work takes him all over the world, is in New York at the moment.,答案 whose 句意:我的大儿子现在在纽约,他的工作让他走遍世界各地。设空处引导定语 从句,修饰先行词son,空格处在从句中作定语修饰work,所以要用关系代词whose。,6.(2017江苏,28)In 1963 the UN set up the World Food Programme, one of purposes is to relieve worldwide starvation.,答案 whose 句意:1963年,联合国成立了世界粮食计划署,它的目标之一是减轻全球范围的 饥荒。本题考查定语从句。定语从句的先行词是the World Food Programme,与定语从句中的 purposes是所属关系,即the World Food Programme's purposes,故填whose。,7.(2016北京,22)I live next door to a couple children often make a lot of noise.,答案 whose 句意:我隔壁住着一对夫妻,他们的孩子经常制造很多噪音。先行词为a cou- ple,将先行词代入定语从句后可知先行词在定语从句中作定语,故答案为whose。,8.(2016天津,9)We will put off the picnic in the park until next week, the weather may be better.,答案 when 句意:我们将把在公园的野餐推迟到下周,届时天气可能会更好。先行词为next week,将先行词代入定语从句后可知先行词在定语从句中作时间状语,故答案为when。,9.(2016浙江,11)Scientists have advanced many theories about why human beings cry tears, none of has been proved.,答案 which 句意:就人类为什么哭出眼泪科学家提出了许多理论,但没有一项理论得到过 证明。先行词为theories,将先行词代入定语从句后可知在定语从句中作介词of的宾语,故答案 为which。,10.(2016江苏,23)Many young people, most of were well-educated, headed for remote re- gions to chase their dreams.,答案 whom 句意:很多年轻人去了偏远地区追求自己的梦想,他们中大部分受过良好的教 育。先行词为young people,指人,将先行词代入定语从句后可知先行词在定语从句中作介词of 的宾语,故答案为whom。,11.(2015安徽,28)Some experts think reading is the fundamental skill upon school educa- tion depends.,答案 which 句意:有些专家认为阅读是学校教育所依赖的基本技能。本题考查定语从句。 先行词为skill,关系词which代替skill并在从句中作介词upon的宾语。,12.(2015北京,24)Opposite is St.Paul's Church, you can hear some lovely music.,答案 where 句意:你们在对面的圣保罗教堂能听到一些动听的音乐。本题考查定语从句。 先行词为St.Paul's Church,将先行词代入定语从句后可知关系词在从句中作地点状语。,13.(2015福建,34)China Today attracts a worldwide readership, shows that more and more people all over the world want to learn about China.,答案 which 句意:《今日中国》吸引了世界各地的读者,这表明世界上越来越多的人想了 解中国。本题考查非限制性定语从句。先行词为设空处前的一句话,关系词在定语从句中作 主语,且指“事物”,所以答案为which。,14.(2015湖南,29)It is a truly delightful place, looks the same as it must have done 100 years ago with its winding streets and pretty cottages.,答案 which 句意:这真是一个令人愉快的地方,它看上去和100年前的样子一样,有蜿蜒的街 道和漂亮的村舍。本题考查非限制性定语从句。先行词为place,关系词在从句中作主语。,15.(2015江苏,21)The number of smokers, is reported,has dropped by 17 percent in just one year.,答案 as 句意:正如所报道的那样,吸烟的人数仅在一年内就已经减少了百分之十七。本题 考查非限制性定语从句。which和as都可以引导非限制性定语从句,当as在从句中作主语时,后 面常接动词的被动语态,故答案为as。,16.(2015陕西,15)As the smallest child of his family,Alex is always longing for the time he should be able to be independent.,答案 when 句意:作为家里最小的孩子,Alex总是期盼着他能够独立的时候。本题考查定语 从句。先行词为time,关系副词when代替先行词在从句中作状语。,17.(2015四川,3)The books on the desk, covers are shiny,are prizes for us.,答案 whose 句意:桌上那些封面闪闪发亮的书是我们的奖品。本题考查定语从句。先行 词为the books,将先行词代入从句中为:The covers of the books are shiny.设空处在从句中作定 语,故用whose。,18.(2015天津,15)The boss of the company is trying to create an easy atmosphere his em- ployees enjoy their work.,答案 where 句意:该公司的老板在努力营造一种轻松的氛围,在这种氛围中,他的员工们可 以享受工作。考查定语从句。该从句修饰的先行词为atmosphere,将先行词代入定语从句后 为:His employees enjoy their work in the easy atmosphere.由此可见关系词在定语从句中作地点 状语,故答案为where。,19.(2015浙江,19)Creating an atmosphere employees feel part of a team is a big challenge.,答案 where 句意:创造出让员工感觉到自己是团队的一员的一种氛围是极富挑战性的。本 题考查定语从句。先行词为an atmosphere,将先行词代入定语从句后为:In the atmosphere em- ployees feel part of a team.关系词在定语从句中充当地点状语,因此用where。,20.(2014北京,26)I borrowed the book Sherlock Holmes from the library last week, my classmates recommended to me.,答案 which 句意:我上周从图书馆借了《夏洛克·福尔摩斯》这本书,这是我的同学推荐给 我的。本题考查非限制性定语从句。先行词为the book Sherlock Holmes,从句中recommended 后缺少宾语成分,故填关系代词which。,21.(2014天津,12)English is a language shared by several diverse cultures,each of uses it differently.,答案 which 句意:英语是一种被好几种不同的文化使用的语言,而且每一种文化使用它的 方式也不同。逗号前后两部分之间既没有并列连词也没有从属连词,故后面部分应为定语从 句,又因为先行词是cultures,且关系词在定语从句中作介词of的宾语,所以填which。,22.(2014山东,10)A company profits from home markets are declining may seek opportuni- ties abroad.,答案 whose 句意:从国内市场得到的利润正在下降的公司可能去国外寻找机会。本题考 查定语从句。先行词为company,将先行词代入定语从句后为:The company's profits from home markets are declining.由此可见关系词在定语从句中作定语,故填whose。,23.(2014江苏,22)The book has helped me greatly in my daily communication,especially at work a good impression is a must.,答案 where 句意:这本书对我的日常交流很有帮助,尤其是在那些必须给人留下良好印象 的工作中。根据句意可知填关系副词where。where引导定语从句,在从句中作地点状语。,24.(2014浙江,5)I didn't become a serious climber until the fifth grade, I went up to rescue a kite that was stuck in the branches of a tree. 答案 when 句意:我直到五年级才成为一个对攀爬感兴趣的人,那时,我爬到树上去拿一个 被挂在树枝上的风筝。在本句中,先行词为the fifth grade,设空处在定语从句中作时间状语,故 填when。,第二组 名词性从句,1.(2018北京,11)Without his support, we wouldn't be we are now.,答案 where 句意:要是没有他的帮助,我们就不会是现在的情形了。本题考查表语从句。 根据句意可知,设空处意为“情形,情况,形势”,应用where引导。,2.(2018北京,15)This is my father has taught me—to always face difficulties and hope for the best.,答案 what 句意:这就是父亲教给我的——永远面对困难并寄予最大的希望。本题考查表 语从句。根据句意可知,表语从句中taught me后缺少直接宾语——“教会了我什么”,因此用 what引导。,3.(2018天津,9)The gold medal will be awarded to wins the first place in the bicycle race.,答案 whoever 句意:这块金牌将颁发给在这场自行车比赛中获得第一名的人。本题考查宾 语从句。“ wins the first place in the bicycle race”为宾语从句,该从句缺少主语,且设空 处表示“任何人”,故填whoever,相当于anyone who。,4.(2018江苏,21)By boat is the only way to get here, which is we arrived.,答案 how 句意:坐船是到达这里的唯一方式,我们就是坐船到达这里的。考查表语从句。 which引导的是一个非限制性定语从句,其中设空处引导的是表语从句,结合语境和By boat可 知,此处表达到达这儿的方式,所以要用how引导。,5.(2017北京,23)Every year, makes the most beautiful kite will win a prize in the Kite Fes- tival.,答案 whoever 句意:每年,在风筝节上,制作出最漂亮的风筝的人会赢得一份奖品。设空处 引导主语从句,从句中缺少主语成分,且表示“无论谁”,故填whoever。,6.(2017天津,4)She asked me I had returned the books to the library, and I admitted that I hadn't.,答案 whether/if 句意:她问我是否已经把书还给图书馆了,我承认我还没有归还。设空处引 导的是宾语从句,根据句意可知该宾语从句要用whether/if引导。,7.(2017江苏,26)We choose this hotel because the price for a night here is down to $20, half of it used to charge.,答案 what 句意:我们选择这家宾馆是因为这里住一晚上的价格降到了20美元,这是其过去 要价的一半。本题考查宾语从句。逗号后面是$20的同位语,charge后面缺少宾语,且表示“事 物”,故用what引导。,8.(2017北京,26)Jane moved aimlessly down the tree-lined street, not knowing she was heading.,答案 where 句意:简在绿树成荫的街道上漫无目的地走着,不知道她要去哪里。设空处引 导宾语从句,从句中缺少地点状语,故用where引导。,9.(2016北京,24)Your support is important to our work. you can do helps.,答案 Whatever 句意:你的支持对我们的工作很重要。你能做的任何事情都有帮助。本题 考查主语从句。“ you can do”为主语从句,该从句缺少宾语,且表示“任何事情”,故 答案为Whatever(相当于Anything that)。,10.(2016北京,29)The most pleasant thing of the rainy season is one can be entirely free from dust.,答案 that 句意:雨季最令人愉快的事情就是人们可以完全免受尘土的影响。本题考查表语 从句。“ one can be entirely free from dust”为表语从句,该从句中不缺少成分,意思完 整,故用that引导该表语从句。,11.(2016天津,11)The manager put forward a suggestion we should have an assistant. There is too much work to do.,答案 that 句意:经理提出一个建议,我们应该有个助手。有太多的工作要做。本题考查同 位语从句。“ we should have an assistant”为同位语从句,说明suggestion的内容,应用 that引导该同位语从句。that只起连接作用,不作成分。,12.(2016江苏,21)It is often the case anything is possible for those who hang on to hope.,答案 that 句意:对于那些不放弃希望的人来说,发生任何事情都是有可能的,这是很常见 的。考查主语从句。本句中it为形式主语,“ anything is possible for those who hang on to hope”为真正的主语;该从句结构完整,故由that引导。,13.(2015安徽,25)A ship in harbor is safe,but that's not ships are built for.,答案 what 句意:船泊港湾固然安全,但那不是造船的初衷。本题考查名词性从句。连接代 词what引导表语从句并作介词for的宾语。,14.(2015北京,33)I truly believe beauty comes from within.,答案 that 句意:我确信美丽源自内心。本题考查名词性从句。分析句子成分可知从句中成 分完整,故答案为that。,15.(2015北京,35) we understand things has a lot to do with what we feel.,答案 How 句意:我们怎样理解事物与我们的认知有很大关系。本题考查名词性从句。 how在从句中作方式状语,意为“如何”,符合句意。,16.(2015福建,29)—I wonder Mary has kept her figure after all these years. —By working out every day.,答案 how 句意:——我想知道这些年来玛丽是如何保持体形的。——通过每天锻炼身 体。本题考查宾语从句。根据答语By working out every day.(表示方式)可知设空处应为表示 方式的连接副词how。,17.(2015湖南,26)You have to know you're going if you are to plan the best way of getting there.,答案 where 句意:如果你要计划到达胜利彼岸的最好方法,你就得知道你将要往哪儿走。 本题考查宾语从句。根据题干中getting there可知答案为where。,18.(2015江苏,25) Li Bai,a great Chinese poet,was born is known to the public,but some won't accept it.,答案 Where 句意:李白,中国伟大的诗人,出生在什么地方人人皆知,但是有些人对此并不接 受。本题考查主语从句。“ Li Bai,a great Chinese poet,was born”为主语从句,该从句 缺少地点状语,答案应为where。,19.(2015陕西,19)Reading her biography,I was lost in admiration for Doris Lessing had achieved in literature.,答案 what 句意:读着她的自传,我沉浸在对Doris Lessing在文学上获得的成就的崇拜之 中。本题考查名词性从句。设空处引导宾语从句,并且在从句中作宾语,故用what。,20.(2015浙江,6)If you swim in a river or lake,be sure to investigate is below the water sur- face.Often there are rocks or branches hidden in the water.,答案 what 句意:如果你在河里或湖里游泳,一定要查明水下的状况。经常会有岩石或树枝 隐藏在水中。本题考查名词性从句。动词investigate后的宾语从句中缺少主语,同时主语为 物,故答案为what。,21.(2015重庆,8)We must find out Karl is coming,so we can book a room for him.,答案 when 句意:我们必须弄清楚卡尔什么时候来,以便我们可以为他预订房间。考查宾语 从句。空格处引导的是find out后的宾语从句,根据“预订房间”可知此处要用when引导。,22.(2014北京,33)Some people believe has happened before or is happening now will repeat itself in the future.,答案 whatever 句意:一些人认为无论以前发生过的事情还是现在正在发生的事情都会在 将来重复出现。通过分析可知“ has happened before or is happening now”作believe后 的宾语从句的主语,根据句意和句子成分可知,本空应填whatever(任何……的事情)来引导主 语从句。,23.(2014天津,14)I think impresses me about his painting is the colours he uses.,答案 what 句意:我认为他的画给我留下深刻印象的是他对色彩的使用。在主语从句 impresses me about his painting中,所缺的词作主语且表示“物”,所以填what。,24.(2014重庆,12)—Is it true that Mike refused an offer from Yale University yesterday? —Yeah,but I have no idea he did it;that's one of his favorite universities.,答案 why 句意:——迈克昨天拒绝了耶鲁大学给他的机会,这是真的吗?——是的,但是我 不知道他为什么会这样做,那可是他最喜欢的大学之一。根据句意可知填why。why引导同位 语从句。,25.(2014陕西,15) the delayed flight will take off depends much on the weather.,答案 When 句意:延迟的航班什么时间起飞主要取决于天气状况。通过分析句子结构可 知,本句是含主语从句的复合句。根据句意可知填When。,26.(2014四川,2)Grandma pointed to the hospital and said,“That's I was born.”,答案 where 句意:奶奶指着那家医院说:“那就是我出生的地方。”本题考查表语从句。 根据句意可知该空应该填表示地点的引导词引导表语从句,故填where。,第三组 状语从句 1.(2018北京,2) we don't stop climate change, many animals and plants in the world will be gone.,答案 If 句意:如果我们不制止气候变化,世界上的很多动物和植物将会死去。本题考查状 语从句。根据句意可知,设空处引导条件状语从句,表示“如果”,故填If。,2.(2018天津,4)Let's not pick these peaches until this weekend so they get sweet enough to be eaten.,答案 that 句意:到周末我们再摘这些桃子吧,那样的话它们就变得足够甜能吃了。本题考 查状语从句。由设空处后的内容可判断设空处引导目的状语从句,故答案为that,即so that引导 目的状语从句。,3.(2018江苏,29) you can sleep well, you will lose the ability to focus, plan and stay moti- vated after one or two nights.,答案 Unless 句意:如果你睡不好觉的话,一两夜过后你就会无法集中注意力,无法做计划,也 无法保持干劲了。考查状语从句。根据语境此处考查条件状语从句,unless=if.not“除非… …;如果不……”。,4.(2017北京,25) birds use their feathers for flight, some of their feathers are for other pur- poses.,答案 Although/While/Though 句意:尽管鸟类用它们的羽毛来飞行,它们的羽毛中的一些有 其他用处。设空处引导让步状语从句。,5.(2017北京,28)If you don't understand something, you may research, study, and talk to other people you figure it out.,答案 until/till 句意:如果你不明白某件事情,你可以去调查、研究并与其他人商讨,直到你 弄明白为止。设空处引导时间状语从句,表示“直到……为止”,故用until/till。,6.(2017江苏,23)Located the Belt meets the Road, Jiangsu will contribute more to the Belt and Road construction.,答案 where 句意:位于“一带”和“一路”的交汇处,江苏将对“一带一路”的建设贡献 更多。本题考查地点状语从句。设空处引导地点状语从句,且在从句中作地点状语,因此用 where引导。,7.(2016北京,27)My grandfather still plays tennis now and then, he's in his nineties.,答案 although/though 句意:尽管我的爷爷九十多岁了,他仍时常打网球。本题考查让步状 语从句。根据句意可知空格处应填although/though。,8.(2016北京,33)I really enjoy listening to music it helps me relax and takes my mind away from other cares of the day.,答案 because/as 句意:我真的很喜欢听音乐,因为它可以帮我放松并使我不操心一天中的其 他事。本题考查原因状语从句。空格前后为因果关系,故答案为because或as。,9.(2016天津,7) the average age of the population increases, there are more and more old people to care for.,答案 As 句意:随着人口平均年龄的增长,有越来越多的老年人需要照顾。考查状语从句。 根据句意可知此处应用as引导状语从句。,10.(2016浙江,5) online shopping has changed our life, not all of its effects have been posi- tive.,答案 While/Although/Though 句意:虽然网购改变了我们的生活,但并不是它的所有影响都 是正面的。考查状语从句。根据句意可知用While/Although/Though引导让步状语从句。,11.(2015安徽,23) scientists have learned a lot about the universe,there is much we still don' t know.,答案 While/Though/Although 句意:虽然科学家已经了解了很多有关宇宙的东西,但是还有 很多我们不知道的。本题考查状语从句。根据语境可知设空处引导让步状语从句,故答案为 While/Though/Although。,12.(2015北京,32) the damage is done,it will take many years for the farmland to recover.,答案 Once 句意:一旦产生损害,就要花费很多年的时间才能使农田恢复。本题考查状语从 句,根据语境可知答案为Once(一旦)。,13.(2015福建,31) the students came from different countries,they got along quite well in the summer camp.,答案 While/Although/Though 句意:虽然这些学生来自不同的国家,但他们在这个夏令营中 相处得很好。本题考查状语从句。while/although/though引导让步状语从句。,14.(2015湖南,33) the job takes a significant amount of time,most students agree that the ex- perience is worth it.,答案 Although/Though/While 句意:虽然这个工作要花相当长的时间,但是大部分的学生认 为这次经历是值得的。本题考查状语从句。,15.(2015江苏,26)It is so cold that you can't go outside fully covered in thick clothes.,答案 unless 句意:天太冷了,你不能出去,除非你被厚厚的衣服包裹得严严实实。本题考查 状语从句。根据句意可知答案为unless(除非)。,16.(2015四川,6)There is only one more day to go your favorite music group play live.,答案 before 句意:距你最喜欢的乐队现场表演之前只剩下一天了。本题考查状语从句。 根据句意可知答案为before在……之前。,17.(2015天津,12)We need to get to the root of the problem we can solve it.,答案 before 句意:在能够解决这个问题之前,我们需要找到它的根源所在。考查状语从 句。此处表达“在做……之前……”,故用before来引导时间状语从句。,18.(2015浙江,9)Just a single word can change the meaning of a sentence,a single sentence can change the meaning of a paragraph.,答案 as 句意:正如一个词可以改变一个句子的意思一样,一个句子可以改变一个段落的意 思。本题考查状语从句。as引导方式状语从句,意为“如同”。,19.(2015重庆,4)If you miss this chance,it may be years you get another one.,答案 before 句意:如果你错过了这次机会的话,那可能要等到多年后你才能再次获得机 会。考查状语从句。从属连词before引导时间状语从句。,20.(2014山东,2)I don't really like the author, I have to admit his books are very exciting.,答案 although/though 句意:虽然我不得不承认这位作家的书很令人兴奋,但是我不太喜欢 他。根据句意可知此处表示让步,故填although/though “虽然,尽管”。,21.(2014重庆,14)Half an hour later,Lucy still couldn't get a taxi the bus had dropped her. 答案 where 句意:半个小时之后,露西在下公交车的地方仍然打不到出租车。通过分析可 知本句缺少引导地点状语从句的连词,所以填where。,三年模拟,A组 2016—2018年高考模拟·单句填空 时间:26分钟 分值:43分,考点一 并列连词 1.(2018四川双流中学高三4月月考,69)If you receive it, you should send a present money to the graduate.,答案 or 句意:如果你收到了它,你就应该向这位毕业生寄出一份礼物或钱。前后是选择关 系,故使用连词or。,2.(2018四川雅安高三下学期三诊,65)Perhaps Hawking was not the greatest physicist of his time, in cosmology he was a towering figure.,答案 but/yet 句意:或许霍金不是他那个时代最伟大的物理学家,但是在宇宙学领域他是一 位杰出的人物。空格前后为转折关系,故使用连词but或yet。,3.(2018贵州贵阳一中高三3月月考,50)“In an era when young people are so easily attracted by superstars, Coco reveals the emptiness of such adulation(吹捧), teaching kids to preserve respect the memory of their elders,” wrote reporter Peter Debruge.,答案 and 句意:“在这个年轻人轻易被明星吸引的时代里,《寻梦环游记》揭示了这种吹 捧的空虚,教给孩子们保留并尊重老人们的回忆。”记者彼得·迪布吉写道。此处需要连接两 个并列的不定式的并列连词,故填and。,4.(2017贵州贵阳一中高三下学期第六次适应性考试,46)Continue through the old town, you'll find the garden there.,答案 and 句意:在这个古镇中继续穿行,你会在那儿发现那个公园。本题考查“祈使句+ and+陈述句”的结构。前后构成顺承关系,故使用连词and。,5.(2017贵州高三下学期适应性考试,47)If you visit Nepal, you will find Nepalese often greet each other with the hands pressed together instead of shaking hands, in North America and the UK, people greet one another by shaking hands.,答案 while 句意:如果你到尼泊尔(旅游),你会发现尼泊尔人经常双手合十而不是通过握手 彼此打招呼,而在北美和英国,人们通过握手彼此打招呼。此处表示前后两者的对比,意为“然 而,可是”,故用while。,6.(2016 重庆南开中学二诊,62)The air hostess was about to serve lunch a small mouse stole out from the bag of a young man, which made the young woman nearby alarmed with loud screaming.,答案 when 句意:空姐正要供应午餐,这时一只小老鼠从一名年轻男子的包里溜出来,那使 附近的女士害怕,大叫起来。be about to do.when.正要做某事……这时……。,考点二 复合句 第一组 定语从句 1.(2018四川雅安高三下学期三诊,63)He was a great scientist and an extraordinary man work and legacy will live on for many years.,答案 whose 句意:他是一个伟大的科学家还是一个非同寻常的人,他的工作成果和遗产将 继续存在很多年。设空处引导定语从句并在从句中作work and legacy的定语,须用关系代词 whose。,2.(2018云南昆明一中高三第七次月考,42)That is an Oxford college, famous graduates in- clude the late Benazir Bhutto.,答案 whose 句意:那是一所牛津的大学,毕业于该校的著名人物包括已故的贝娜齐尔·布 托。设空处引导定语从句并在从句中作graduates的定语,须用关系代词whose。,3.(2018贵州贵阳一中高三3月月考,41)A lot of films have tried to describe the afterlife and our memories of family members have passed away.,答案 who/that 句意:许多电影都试图描述来生及我们对已故亲人的追忆。定语从句的先行 词为family members,指人,关系词在从句中作主语,故须用关系代词that或who。,4.(2018广西陆川高三3月月考,66)The British Museum, celebrated its 225th anniversary this year, had the most visitors in its history, at 6,701,036.,答案 which 句意:今年在庆祝成立225周年之际,大英博物馆迎来了史上最多的游客,达到了 6,701,036人。设空处引导非限制性定语从句,先行词为The British Museum,关系词在从句中作 主语且指物,故使用关系代词which。,5.(2018四川遂宁高三三诊,67)But it's not like many other countries there seems to be ten- sion among the different cultures.,答案 where 句意:但是它不像许多其他的国家,在那里不同文化之间关系似乎很紧张。设 空处引导定语从句,先行词为many other countries,从句中缺地点状语,故使用关系副词where。,6.(2018西藏拉萨高三第五次月考,69)When Chinese President Xi Jinping visited Central Asia in September 2013, he raised the idea of building the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road, has attracted close attention from all over the world.,答案 which 句意:2013年9月,中国国家主席习近平在访问中亚的时候,提出了建立丝绸之路 经济带和21世纪海上丝绸之路的理念,这引起了全世界的密切关注。设空处引导非限制性定 语从句,先行词为the idea,指物,故使用关系代词which。,7.(2017四川成都龙泉中学高三4月月考,70)I felt free without my phone at weekend camp, changed me completely.,答案 which 句意:在周末野营时不带电话我感到很自由,这完全改变了我。设空处引导非 限制性定语从句,代替前面整句话的内容,须用关系代词which。,8.(2017四川凉山州高中毕业班二检,64) A survey was conducted in 16 cities with over one million population showed high proportion of urban Chinese have been suffering such health problems.,答案 that/which 句意:一项在16个人口过百万的城市进行的调查表明遭受这样的健康问题 困扰的中国市民占了很大的比例。定语从句的先行词为survey,指物,从句中缺主语,故使用关 系代词that或which。,9.(2017云南昆明一中高三月考四,69) The parks reflect the U.S.'s growing interest in investing in Asia and the Middle East, there is a demand for American-themed entertainment.,答案 where 句意:这些公园反映了美国对亚洲和中东增长的投资兴趣,在那儿有一种对美 国主题娱乐的需求。定语从句的先行词为Asia and the Middle East表示地点,关系词在从句中 作地点状语,故使用关系副词where。,10.(2017云南高三下学期第一次统测,67)You may become critical of your home country you have grown up.,答案 where 句意:你可能对你的祖国变得挑剔,在那儿你长大。考查定语从句。定语从句 的先行词为home country,关系词在从句中作地点状语,故使用关系副词where。,11.(2017贵州贵阳一中高三下学期第六次适应性考试,43)Your tour will begin with a tour of Old Shanghai, a mixture of pretty streets, traditional Chinese stores, and restaurants selling delicious dumplings, is the original pre-war Shanghai.,答案 which 句意:你的旅游从参观旧上海开始,那儿有漂亮的街道、中国传统的商铺和卖 美味水饺的餐馆,这是当初战前上海的样子。非限制性定语从句的先行词为Old Shanghai,指 物,从句中缺主语,故使用关系代词which。,12.(2017贵州凯里一中高三下学期高考适应性月考卷五,63)Annie's school was located in a remote village, her accommodation consisted of one room and a shared bathroom.,答案 where 句意:Annie的学校位于一个偏僻的村庄,在那儿她的住处包括一个房间和一间 共用的浴室。定语从句的先行词为village,从句中缺地点状语,故使用关系副词where。,13.(2017四川成都九校高三第四次联考,62) But if you decide to be strong, the hardship will turn out to be a fortune on new hopes will arise.,答案 which 句意:但是如果你决心变得坚强,事实将会证明,苦难是产生新希望的财富。定 语从句的先行词为fortune,从句中介词on提前,故使用关系代词which引导定语从句。,14.(2016 四川适应性测试,65)The materials are used in furniture are what make them green.,答案 which/that 句意:用在家具里的材料是使它们环保的东西。本题考查定语从句。设空 处在定语从句中作主语,先行词为物,故用关系代词which/that,且不能省略。,第二组 名词性从句 1.(2018四川成都外国语高三下学期3月月考,70)It was believed on this day the well was full of dragon eggs which would bring the collectors good harvest.,答案 that 句意:大家都认为在这一天井里满是龙蛋,它们能给收集者带来大丰收。本题考 查主语从句。“ on this day the well was full of dragon eggs”为真正主语,it为形式主 语。该从句中不缺任何成分,故填that。,2.(2018四川绵阳高三三诊,64)For ten years, there was no evidence this figure existed.,答案 that 句意:十年来,没有证据表明这个人物存在。本题考查同位语从句的引导词。在 同位语从句中结构和意义均完整,故使用that。,3.(2018贵州凯里一中高三三模,45)There's no doubt more sleep is a good thing, but just how does more sleep result in better thinking during the day?,答案 that 句意:毫无疑问更多的睡眠是一件好事,但是更多睡眠如何在白天带来更好的思 维效果的呢?There is no doubt that.毫无疑问……,that引导同位语从句。,4.(2018广西南宁高三2月月考,61)It is is written on the signs inside the bus that has people talking.,答案 what 句意:是在公共汽车内写在标志牌上的东西让人们谈论起来的。本题考查主语 从句。本句为强调句,强调了句子的主语。设空处在主语从句中作主语,根据句意可知应使用 连接代词what。,5.(2018广西高三4月模拟,68)People are able to see the Chinese technologies of the time, which helps them a great deal in understanding the Chinese lived.,答案 how 句意:人们能够看到那个时期的中国技术,那非常有助于他们理解中国人是如何 生活的。本题考查宾语从句。设空处引导宾语从句,在宾语从句中缺状语,结合句意可知使用 连接副词how。,6.(2018云南曲靖一中高考复习检测七,44)A customer in need can then later ask there is a “suspended coffee” available and have a hot drink without having to pay for it.,答案 whether/if 句意:后来有需要的顾客随后可以询问有没有可以饮用的“待用咖啡”,而 且不用付钱就可以喝一杯热饮料。本题考查宾语从句。引导宾语从句表“是否”须用 whether或if。,7.(2018四川遂宁高三三诊,62)You would never think that a country located in the corner of the world would be so multi-cultural, but you really don't realize different it is until you arrive.,答案 how 句意:你绝不会想到位于世界一角的国家会拥有如此多元的文化,但是不到那里, 你是不会意识到它是多么不同的。本题考查宾语从句。此处需要修饰形容词different的连接 副词,根据句意可确定答案为how。,8.(2017四川石室中学二诊,62)His teacher got the idea that he had no ability in arithmetic, and told his parents she thought of him in order that they would not expect too much from him.,答案 what 句意:他的老师认为他没有能力学好算术,并告诉了他的父母自己对他的看法以 便于他们对他不要期望过高。设空处引导宾语从句并在宾语从句中作成分,且指“物”,故使 用连接代词what。,9.(2017四川双流中学高三3月二诊,66) One family in the UK went “back in time” to see life was like without all the inventions we have today.,答案 what 句意:英国的一个家庭回到过去看看如果没有今天我们拥有的所有的发明,生活 会是什么样子的。考查名词性从句。宾语从句中缺介词like的宾语,故使用连接代词what。,10.(2017广西桂林、崇左联考调研,66)When students received less than a perfect test score, she would point out they had mastered and declared firmly they could learn what they had missed.,答案 what 句意:当学生们得到一个不完美的测试分数时,她就会指出他们已经掌握了什么 并且坚定地宣布他们能够学会未掌握的东西。设空处引导宾语从句并在宾语从句中作had mastered的宾语,故使用连接代词what。,11.(2017四川成都九校高三期中联考,62) attract tourists to Dubai are tax-free shop- ping, dry weather, excellent accommodations, delicious food and beaches that go on for miles.,答案 What 句意:吸引游客到迪拜的东西是免税购物、干燥的天气、极好的住宿、美味的 食物和绵延数英里的海滩。考查名词性从句。主语从句中缺少主语,故使用连接代词what。,12.(2017云南昆明高三5月适应性检测,50)We can only try to be wise and choose is better for us to have or to buy.,答案 what 句意:我们只能尽量变得聪明,选择对我们来说拥有的或购买的更好的东西。 what引导宾语从句并在从句中作主语。,13.(2016四川成都下学期二次诊断,61)As is known to us, the year 2016 has one extra day in it— February 29th. This is because it's we call “a leap year”.,答案 what 句意:众所周知,2016年有额外的一天——2月29日。这是因为那是我们所称的 “闰年”。本题考查表语从句。根据句式结构可知,call后缺宾语,指物,故用what。,第三组 状语从句 1.(2018广西南宁高三2月月考,66)Interesting it may seem, Singlish is worrying Singapore' s government.,答案 as/though 句意:尽管新加坡式英语似乎很有趣,但它让新加坡政府感到忧虑。设空处 引导让步状语从句且表语置于句首,故应使用连词as或though。,2.(2018四川成都高三二诊,66)But you haven't yet fully adapted to the local broth, you'd better choose a non-spicy broth, or go for a less spicy option.,答案 if 句意:但是,如果你还没有完全适应当地的肉汤,你最好选择不辣或者微辣的肉汤。 设空处引导条件状语从句,意为:如果。故使用连词if。,3.(2018西藏拉萨中学高三第四次月考,65)But I could reach it, one of my feet was caught in something soft and I fell down.,答案 before 句意:可是,我还没能接触到它,我的一只脚被软东西绊了一下,我就摔倒了。根 据句意可知,是在我接触到它之前,脚被绊倒的,故填before,引导时间状语从句。,4.(2018四川遂宁高三三诊,68) something goes wrong, then New Zealand people are more likely to give people a second chance so that they can prove themselves.,答案 If 句意:如果出现了问题,新西兰人更有可能再给人一次机会以便他们能证明自己。 设空处引导条件状语从句,意为:如果。故使用连词if。,5.(2018四川双流中学高三4月月考,64)Students start preparing for graduation a long time it happens.,答案 before 句意:在毕业典礼举行前的很长一段时间,学生们就开始为它做准备。设空处 引导时间状语从句,表示“在……之前”,故填before。,6.(2017四川成都龙泉中学高三4月月考,64) I went to sleep, I browsed through news websites and checked my emails.,答案 Before 句意:在我睡觉前,我浏览了新闻网站并检查了我的电子邮件。根据生活常识 可判断使用连词before。,7.(2017云南昆明高三下学期第二次统测,44) However, she was doing research, she no- ticed that many kids were not drinking enough water.,答案 when/while/as 句意:然而,当进行研究的时候,她注意到很多孩子都饮水不足。,8.(2017贵州贵阳一中高三下学期第六次适应性考试,50)A large-scale restoration of the Yu Gar- den was conducted it opened to the public formally in 1961.,答案 before 句意:在1961年正式向公众开放之前,豫园进行了大规模的整修。根据句意和 关键词restoration可判断使用连词before。,9.(2017广西桂林、崇左联考调研,65) children do not believe they can succeed, they will never become totally independent.,答案 If 句意:如果孩子不相信他们能成功,他们就永远不能变得完全独立。if在句中引导条 件状语从句。,10.(2017广西钦州港经济技术开发区中学3月调研,61) Love, wealth and opportunities—parents today do their best to leave possessions for their kids, they are rich or poor. 答案 whether 句意:爱、财富和机会——无论贫富,今天的父母竭尽全力给他们的孩子留下 财产。考查状语从句。whether.or.意为“不管……还是……”。,B组 2016—2018年高考模拟·单句改错 时间:12分钟 分值:20分,1.(2018四川成都七中高三一诊)As is known to all that we students have to fix our attention on our lessons, so we know little
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本文标题:2019版高考英语一轮复习(课标3卷B版)课件:专题六 并列连词和复合句.ppt
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