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2019版高考英语一轮复习(课标3卷B版)课件:专题三 形容词和副词.ppt

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2019 高考 英语 一轮 复习 课标 课件 专题 形容词 副词
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考点一 形容词 1.(2018江苏,34)Despite the poor service of the hotel, the manager is (reluctance) to invest in sufficient training for his staff.,五年高考,答案 reluctant 句意:尽管这家宾馆的服务质量很糟糕,但是经理还是不愿意在给员工足够 的培训方面投资。考查形容词。设空处作表语,故填形容词;根据提示词可知本空填reluc- tant。,2.(2017江苏,29)Only five years after Steve Jobs'death, smart-phones defeated (conven- tion)PCs in sales.,答案 conventional 句意:仅仅在史蒂夫·乔布斯去世5年后,智能手机就在销量上打败了传统 的个人电脑。设空处应该用形容词形式修饰后面的名词。,3.(2015安徽,26)I'm so (gratefully)to all those volunteers because they helped my terrible day end happily.,答案 grateful 句意:我是如此感激那些志愿者,因为他们帮助我快乐地结束了令我极不愉快 的那一天。本题考查形容词。grateful意为“感激的”。,4.(2015福建,23)It was (consider) of Michael to inform us of his delay in case we got wor- ried.,答案 considerate 句意:迈克尔考虑得非常周到,他告诉我们他将耽搁一些时间,以防我们担 心。本题考查形容词。considerate考虑周到的。,5.(2015湖北,27)Even though the conference hall is near his apartment, he has to hurry a little if he wants to be (punctually).,答案 punctual 句意:尽管会议厅在他的公寓附近,可是如果他想按时到达的话也要稍微快 一点。考查形容词。punctual准时的。,6.(2015湖北,28)I don't think what he said is (relevance)to the topic we are discussing. He has missed the point.,答案 relevant 句意:我认为他说的与我们正在讨论的话题无关,他没抓住重点。考查形容 词。be relevant to意为“和……有关”。,7.(2015江苏,31)The police officers decided to conduct a thorough and (comprehension) re- view of the case.,答案 comprehensive 句意:警察决定对这个案子进行一次彻底的、全面的复查。本题考查 形容词。要填的词应该和thorough(彻底的)是并列的,故应用形容词,comprehensive全面的。,8.(2015四川,7)Andy is content with the toy. It is the (good) he has ever got.,答案 best 句意:安迪对这个玩具很满意。这是他得到过的最好的。本题考查最高级。根 据句式Sth. is+the+形容词最高级+sb.has/have done可知答案。,9.(2014大纲全国,27)Raymond's parents wanted him to have the (good) possible educa- tion.,答案 best 句意:雷蒙德的父母想让他尽可能接受最好的教育。题干中的possible可与形容 词的最高级连用表示强调,意为“最……的”,故答案为best。,10.(2014福建,24)With online shopping increasingly popular,the Internet is seen as an (effi- ciency)way of reaching target customers.,答案 efficient 句意:随着网购越来越受欢迎,网络被看作是为目标顾客所熟悉的有效途 径。冠词与名词之间应为形容词形式。,11.(2014湖北,27)What was so (impress)about Jasmine Westland's victory was that she came first in the marathon bare-footed.,答案 impressive 句意:Jasmine Westland的胜利给人留下如此深刻的印象是因为她光着脚 在马拉松比赛中获得了第一名。be动词后需用形容词作表语,根据句意,设空处表示“给人留 下深刻印象的”,故用impressive。,12.(2014湖北,28)Instead of blaming the child who had broken the vase,she gave him a (tol- erate) smile and let him go.,答案 tolerant 句意:她没有责备打破花瓶的孩子,而是宽容地对他笑了笑,然后让他走了。 修饰名词smile需用形容词形式,故答案为tolerant。,考点二 副词 1.(2016浙江,13)A sudden stop can be a very frightening experience, (especial)if you are travelling at high speed.,答案 especially 句意:突然停止有时会是很可怕的经历,尤其是在你高速行进时。设空处需 用副词形式修饰if引导的状语从句,故答案为especially(尤其)。,2.(2015安徽,31)They gave money to the old people's home either (personal) or through their companies.,答案 personally 句意:他们要么是亲自把钱送到敬老院要么是通过公司把钱送到敬老院。 本题考查副词。personally意为“亲自”。,3.(2015湖北,29)The girl used to be shy, but is (gradual)getting active in group work and is more willing to express herself.,答案 gradually 句意:这个女孩过去很腼腆,但是她逐渐变得积极参加集体活动了,也更愿意 表达自己了。考查副词。gradually慢慢地,逐渐地。,4.(2015浙江,13)Most of us, if we know even a little about where our food comes from, understand that every bite put into our mouths was (former)alive.,答案 formerly 句意:只要我们知道一点我们食物的来源,我们大多数人就会明白,进入我们 嘴里的每一口食物,之前都是有生命的。本题考查副词。formerly意为“以前,原来”。,5.(2014浙江,13)The aim of education is to teach young people to think for themselves and not fol- low others (blind).,答案 blindly 句意:教育的目的是教会年轻人独立思考,而不是盲目地效仿他人。此处须用 副词形式修饰follow。blindly意为:盲目地。,6.(2014湖北,29)Hardly had Sabrina finished her words when Albert said (sharp),“Don't be so mean,” pointing a finger of warning at her. 答案 sharply 句意:Sabrina的话音刚落,艾伯特就用手指指着她恶狠狠地警告她:“不要这么 卑鄙。”本处应用副词形式作said的状语。,三年模拟,A组 2016—2018年高考模拟·单句填空 时间:15分钟 分值:24分,考点一 形容词 1.(2018西藏拉萨高三第五次月考,66)It is more important for us to carry on the Silk Road Spirit in the face of the weak recovery of the (globe)economy, and complex international situa- tions.,答案 global 句意:对我们来说,面对全球经济的微弱复苏和复杂的国际形势,坚持丝绸之路 的精神更加重要。修饰名词economy须用形容词形式。,2.(2018四川绵阳高三三诊,62)Recently, the people of Switzerland began telling stories about a (mystery)figure who walked through the Maules Forest wearing camouflage(迷彩服)and a gas mask.,答案 mysterious 句意:最近,瑞士人开始讲述有关一个神秘人物的故事,他穿着迷彩服,带着 防毒面具,穿过毛尔斯森林。修饰名词figure须用形容词。,3.(2018贵州贵阳一中高三3月月考,42)But few have done as well as Coco, Disney-Pixar's (late)masterpiece cartoon, which hit the big screen on Nov. 24.,答案 latest 句意:但没有几部能比得上《寻梦环游记》,这部迪士尼和皮克斯联手打造的在 11月24日上映的最新动画巨作。修饰名词cartoons须用形容词,latest最新的。,4.(2018贵州贵阳一中高三3月月考,45)While there, Miguel had an unforgettable and (ad- venture)night.,答案 adventurous 句意:在那里时,Miguel度过了难忘而又惊险的一夜。修饰名词night须用 形容词。,5.(2018广西南宁高三2月月考,64)English is one of the (office)languages in Singapore.,答案 official 句意:英语是新加坡的官方语言之一。修饰languages须用形容词。official language官方语言。,6.(2018广西陆川高三3月月考,62)Some world-famous (culture)sites may already be on your list.,答案 cultural 句意:一些世界著名的文化古迹可能已列在你的清单上。修饰名词须用形容 词。,7.(2017四川石室中学二诊,64)Alfred accepted their (mistake) judgment of his ability, feeling that it was useless to try.,答案 mistaken 句意:艾尔弗雷德接受了他们对他能力的错误判断,感到努力也没用。修饰 名词judgment应用形容词。,8.(2017四川凉山州高中毕业班二检,69)A survey by the Chinese Academy of Science shows that the average life of Chinese intellectuals is 58 years, 10 years (low) than the nation's av- erage.,答案 lower 句意:中国科学院的一项调查表明中国知识分子的平均寿命是58岁,比全国的平 均水平低10岁。根据信号词than可知应使用形容词low的比较级。,9.(2017广西南宁高三二模,63)The Electro Fork can run for six hours without charging and it is (help)to give food a salty taste.,答案 helpful 句意:这种电子叉不充电就可以持续工作六个小时,而且它在让食物感觉有咸 味方面很有用。it在句中作形式主语,设空处作表语,用形容词。,10.(2017贵州贵阳一中高三下学期第六次适应性考试,43)Today, enjoy the highlights of Shang- hai, China's most (energy)city consisting of people from different parts of the world.,答案 energetic 句意:现在,享受上海最精彩的部分吧。它是中国最具活力的城市,由来自世 界各地的人组成。修饰名词city应用energy的形容词形式。,11.(2016四川凉山州第二次诊断性检测,63)Each age has its own pleasure and its own pains.The happiest people enjoy what each age gives them without wasting their time in (use) regrets.,答案 useless 句意:每个年龄段都有自己的苦与乐。最幸福的人就是享受每个年龄段所给 予他们的,不在毫无用处的后悔上浪费时间。根据语境可知,修饰名词regrets“后悔”应该用 useless“无用的”。,12.(2016四川资阳第二次诊断性考试,69)Everyone knows it's (danger) to be a firefighter. But he has always liked it and has done it for 12 years.,答案 dangerous 第一句句意:每个人都知道做消防员很危险。根据空格前的it's 可知空格 处填形容词。,考点二 副词 1.(2018四川双流中学高三4月月考,65)They order rings designed (special)for their class.,答案 specially 句意:他们订购专门为他们班设计的戒指。修饰动词design须用副词。,2.(2018四川龙泉中学高三二诊,63)However, this will not happen only if you read the book (careful)and think about what you are reading.,答案 carefully 句意:然而,只有当你仔细阅读这本书并思考你在读的东西时,这才会发生。 修饰动词read须用副词。,3.(2018四川雅安高三下学期三诊,70)If a person is (physical)disabled, he cannot afford to be psychologically disabled as well.,答案 physically 句意:如果一个人身体上残疾,他不能承受心理上也残疾。修饰形容词dis- abled须用副词。,4.(2018云南昆明一中高三第七次月考,45)As an 14-year-old teenager, she started raising the top- ic (public).,答案 publicly 句意:作为一个十四岁大的少女,她开始公开提出这个话题。修饰动词raise须 用副词。,5.(2018贵州凯里一中高三三模,48)In her opinion, educators should more (close)match school schedules with teenagers'sleep needs.,答案 closely 句意:她认为,教育者应该更加紧密地把学校的日程安排和青少年的睡眠需要 相匹配。修饰动词match须用副词。,6.(2018四川成都高三二诊)Half spicy and half clear broth is (ready)available at most restaurants.,答案 readily 句意:半辣半清的肉汤在大部分饭店都可以很方便地获得。修饰形容词avail- able须用副词。,7.(2018四川成都外国语高三下学期3月月考) (tradition), food eaten on this day was re- named after parts of the dragon.,答案 Traditionally 句意:传统上,这一天吃的食物都是以龙身上的各个部位重新命名的。置 于句首,修饰整个句子常用副词。,8.(2017四川成都龙泉中学高三4月月考,69) Sitting by the river, riding a bike, or singing the old songs, I (true) enjoyed what I was doing.,答案 truly 句意:坐在河边,骑自行车或者唱老歌,我真心喜欢我正在做的事情。修饰动词 enjoyed应用true的副词形式。,9.(2017四川凉山州高中毕业班二检,65)The numbers are (particular) high in Beijing, Shanghai and Guangdong.,答案 particularly 句意:这些数字在北京、上海和广东尤其高。修饰形容词high用particular 的副词形式。,10.(2017四川凉山州高中毕业班二检,66)The problem happens (most) among senior and middle-level managers, clerks and other white-collar workers with high educational level.,答案 mostly 句意:这个问题大多发生在中、高层管理者,职员和其他具有高学历的白领阶 层身上。修饰动词happens应用副词形式。mostly意为“大多,通常”。,11.(2016四川眉山第一次诊断性考试,69)That wonderful man died (peace) with a smile on his face and fulfillment in his heart.,答案 peacefully 句意:那位伟大的人平静地去世了,脸上带着微笑、心里充满了满足。考查 副词。设空处修饰died,故用副词形式。,12.(2016四川资阳第二次诊断性考试,62)When you see people run against the crowd escaping from the danger, they are (probable) firefighters, police or journalists. 答案 probably 句意:当你看到迎着逃离危险的人群跑的人时,他们很可能是消防员、警察 或者记者。考查副词。probably很可能,大概。,1.(2018云南毕业班高三统一检测)To be honestly, at that time I just followed them without think- ing.,B组 2016—2018年高考模拟·单句改错 时间:15分钟 分值:23分,答案 honestly→honest 句意:说实话,那时我只是不假思索地跟着他们。本题考查固定搭 配。to be honest 说实话。,2.(2018四川绵阳高三三诊)At this very moment, my parents came back and were quite surprised to see all the rooms tidily and floors shining.,答案 tidily→tidy 句意:就在那时,我父母回来了,看到所有房间都很整洁,地板很亮,感到十 分惊讶。错误处作宾补,须用形容词形式。,3.(2018四川龙泉中学高三二诊)The first thing we can do is to make our campus more beautiful- ly.,答案 beautifully→beautiful 句意:我们能做的第一件事就是让我们的校园变得更加漂亮。 本题考查形容词。错误处作宾语补足语须用形容词。,4.(2018贵州贵阳一中高三3月月考)Group work is a good method to encourage students to talk, for it would be easy to talk to a small number of people than to a big class, and to classmates than to teachers.,答案 easy→easier 句意:小组讨论对鼓励学生说话是一种好的方法,因为和一小部分人说话 比和一个大的班级的人说话容易,与同学说话比与老师说话容易。本题考查形容词的比较 级。根据信号词than可判断此处使用easy的比较级。,5.(2018云南毕业班高三统一检测)I've been playing volleyball since three years before.,答案 before→ago 句意:从三年前以来我就一直打排球。本题考查副词。表示从现在往前 数,一段时间以前,用“时间段+ago”;表示从过去某一时间往前数,一段时间之前,用“时间段 +before”。本句表示从现在往前数,三年以前,故使用副词ago。,6.(2018四川成都高三二诊)The image made me fall in love with the idea of going somewhere complete different from my home.,答案 complete→completely 句意:这张图片使我爱上了去一个和我的家完全不同的某个地 方的想法。本题考查副词。修饰形容词different须用副词。,7.(2018贵州凯里一中高三二模)The storm destroyed twenty houses, thirteen of which were bad damaged.,答案 bad→badly 句意:暴风雨破坏了20间房子,其中13间严重受损。本题考查副词。修饰 动词damage须用副词。,8.(2018广西桂林高三模拟)Time waits for no man. This is something I learned very clear last term.,答案 clear→clearly 句意:时不我待,这是我上个学期学到的东西。本题考查副词。修饰动 词learn须用副词。,9.(2018贵州贵阳一中高三3月月考)Usually two types of students tend to be inactive in class- rooms:some are natural shy;some are not learning or haven't prepared at all.,答案 natural→naturally 句意:通常两类学生往往在课上不活跃:一些是天生害羞的;一些是 不学习或根本没做好准备的。修饰形容词shy须用副词。,10.(2017四川双流中学高三二诊)But my listeners were waiting patient.,答案 patient→patiently 句意:但是我的听众正在耐心地等待。修饰动词应用patient的副词 形式。,11.(2017云南曲靖一中高三第六次月考)Because of that, my study suffered a great deal of.,答案 去掉deal后的of 句意:由于那一点,我的学习受害不浅。修饰动词suffered用副词短语a great deal。a great deal of后接不可数名词。,12.(2017四川凉山州高中毕业班二检)A century before, a bird called the passenger pigeon lived in North America.,答案 before→ago before和ago均表示“以前”,但before常与完成时连用,而ago常与一般过 去时连用。本句使用的是一般过去时,故使用副词ago。,13.(2017四川凉山州高中毕业班二检)What happened?How did all passenger pigeons disappear from the earth entire?,答案 entire→entirely 修饰动词disappear应用entire的副词形式。,14.(2017四川凉山州高中毕业班二检)Second, many pigeons were shot and eaten because they were too good to eat.,答案 去掉too 句意:第二,很多鸽子被射杀和吃掉是因为它们能吃。too.to.意为“太…… 而不能……”。根据句意可知去掉too。,15.(2017广西南宁高三二模) The old man walked around and helped us patient.,答案 patient→patiently 句意:这位老人四处走动,耐心地帮助我们。修饰动词helped应用pa- tient的副词形式。,16.(2017贵州高三下学期适应性考试)Susan's family was terrible poor.,答案 terrible→terribly 句意:苏珊的家庭非常贫困。修饰形容词poor应用terrible的副词形 式terribly。,17.(2017贵州高三下学期适应性考试) “Don't you know the gold wrapping paper is such ex- pensive for us?” her dad said angrily.,答案 such→so 句意:“难道你不知道这种金色的包装纸对我们来说很贵吗?”她父亲生气 地说。修饰形容词expensive应用副词so,在此处意为“很,非常”。,18.(2016贵州遵义第三次联考)I used to have a very stress job, working till late in the office every evening.,答案 stress→stressful 句意:我曾经有一份压力很大的工作,每天晚上在办公室工作直到很 晚。考查形容词。stressful修饰名词job。,19.(2016四川资阳第二次诊断性考试)To my greatly relief, he brought textbooks with him and helped me with my lessons.,答案 greatly→great 句意:令我非常宽慰的是,他带来教材帮我做功课。考查形容词。形容 词great修饰名词relief。,20.(2016四川资阳第一次诊断性考试)This event turned out to be very success.,答案 success→successful 句意:这件大事结果非常成功。考查形容词,难度较低。,21.(2016广西南宁第二次适应性测试)If anyone tries to take things from a shop without paying, they are almost certainly to be caught.,答案 certainly→certain 句意:如果任何人试图不付钱就从商店拿走东西,他们几乎肯定会被 抓的。考查形容词。be certain to do sth.意为:一定会做某事。,22.(2016四川眉山第一次诊断性考试)Li Hua listens to her teachers attentive and tries to catch everything the teachers say.,答案 attentive→attentively 句意:李华专心听她的老师讲课并试图弄懂老师说的一切。考 查副词。修饰动词应用副词。,23.(2016四川资阳第一次诊断性考试)Seen from the top of the mountain, the city was extreme beautiful. 答案 extreme→extremely 句意:从山顶看,这座城市非常漂亮。考查副词。修饰形容词 beautiful要用副词。,Passage 1 Some people think that they will get ill if they use their brains too much.It is not 1 (truth). Through many studies,scientists show us that the 2 (much)you use your brain,the better it will be and the 3 (clever)you will become. Of course,if you want to keep your mind 4 (clearly)and active,you must take a proper rest and study 5 (proper).To the teenagers,using their brains in the morning is 6 (well)for their health. There are many ways to rest.One is a 7 (peace)rest.Sleep is a peaceful rest.Another is an 8 (act)rest.For example,take a walk 9 (outdoor)and do more exercise every day.To change the way of brains'activities is also a good way to rest. In everyday life,to eat some eggs,meat,fresh vegetables and fruit is also good for the brains. Wish you a wise man and a 10 (happily)life.,C组 2016—2018年高考模拟·综合题组,答案 [语篇解读] 本文说明大脑越用越聪明及如何保护大脑。,1.true 此处应用形容词作表语,故填true。 2.more 根据本句中的the better it will be,可推知这里是“the+比较级+.,the+比较级+.”结 构,故答案为more。 3.cleverer 根据上题解析可知本题答案为cleverer。 4.clear 根据后面的active及其语法功能(作宾语补足语)可知本题答案为clear。 5.properly 本空需要用副词作状语,故填properly。 6.good “be good for”为固定短语,意为:对……有好处。 7.peaceful 由语境可知应填peace的形容词形式peaceful。 8.active 句意:另外一种为“忙碌的”休息。act的形容词形式为active。active(尤指体力上) 忙碌的,活跃的。 9.outdoors 此处应用副词作take a walk的状语。outdoor为形容词,outdoors为副词。 10.happy 设空处后为名词,故设空处应用形容词作定语。,Passage 2 Mary had lived in China for 1 (near) twenty years before she came here. I've planned to visit China next year. So I requested her to tell me the 2 (good) time to go there. Mary said to me, “The most comfortable time to visit China is either between March and May or between September and early November. During these months, the weather is 3 (particular) pleasant throughout the country, neither too hot nor too cold.” I'm 4 (interest) in tasting all kinds of food all over the world. I asked her to say something about the 5 (China) food. “Well, Chinese food is delicious and 6 (reasonable) priced. What is even 7 (good) is that restaurants do not ask for or accept tips.” she said 8 (pa- tient). “Language can be a problem in China, 9 (especial) for first-time visitors.” said Mary. She advised me to learn some 10 (base) words and phrases. Moreover, she reminded me to car- ry an English-Chinese pocket dictionary.,答案 [语篇解读] 我计划明年去中国,玛丽过去在中国生活了近20年,因此我向她征求了很多建议。,1.nearly 句意:玛丽在来这里之前在中国待了近20年。nearly几乎;将近;差不多。 2.best 根据下文中的The most comfortable time及该空前的定冠词可知该空应该用形容词的 最高级形式,故答案为best。 3.particularly 句意:在这些月份,整个国家的天气都特别宜人,既不是太热也不是太冷。par- ticularly尤其,特别。 4.interested be interested in对……感兴趣。 5.Chinese 由下文中的Chinese food可知。 6.reasonably 过去分词前需用副词作状语,故答案为reasonably。 7.better 由设空处前的副词even可知,设空处应为形容词的比较级形式(even用来修饰形容词 或副词的比较级),故答案为better。 8.patiently 修饰动词said用副词,故填patiently。 9.especially 由设空处前的“在中国,语言可能会是一个问题”可知对首次去那里的游客尤 其困难,故填especially(尤其是)。 10.basic basic words and phrases基本的单词和短语。,
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本文标题:2019版高考英语一轮复习(课标3卷B版)课件:专题三 形容词和副词.ppt
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