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2019版高考英语一轮复习(课标3卷B版)课件:专题四 谓语动词.ppt

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2019 高考 英语 一轮 复习 课标 课件 专题 谓语 动词
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考点一 动词的时态和主谓一致 1.(2018北京,1)—Hi, I'm Peter. Are you new here?I haven't seen you around. —Hello, Peter. I'm Bob. I just (start) on Monday.,五年高考,答案 started 句意:——嗨,我是Peter,你是新来的吗?我在这儿没见过你。——你好,Peter,我 是Bob,我是周一刚来的。本题考查动词的时态。根据Peter所说的话可知现在Bob已经在这里 了, Bob针对Peter的提问解释他是周一来的,所以设空处用一般过去时。,2.(2018北京,4)Susan had quit her well-paid job and (work) as a volunteer in the neighbor- hood when I visited her last year.,答案 was working 句意:我去年去看望Susan的时候,她已经辞去了高薪工作,正在社区做志 愿者。本题考查动词的时态。从题干中when引导的时间状语从句可知此处描述的是过去发 生的事情,看望Susan的时候她正从事志愿者服务工作,应用过去进行时表示。,3.(2018北京,7)China's high-speed railways (grow) from 9,000 to 25,000 kilometers in the past few years.,答案 have grown 句意:在过去的几年里,中国的高铁已经从9,000千米发展到了25,000千 米。本题考查动词的时态。根据题干中的时间状语in the past few years可知,句中谓语动词的 时态用现在完成时。,4.(2018江苏,31)Hopefully in 2025 we will no longer be e-mailing each other, for we (de- velop) more convenient electronic communication tools by then.,答案 will have developed 句意:在2025年我们有望不再互相发电子邮件了,因为到那时我们 就已经开发出更便捷的电子交流工具了。根据时间状语by then(相当于by 2025)可知,设空处 需用将来完成时。,5.(2017北京,24)— (do)you call that company to see how they think of our product yester- day? —Yes. They are happy with it.,答案 Did 句意:——你昨天给那家公司打电话了解他们对我们的产品的看法了吗?——打 了,他们很满意。考查一般疑问句。根据时间状语yesterday可知,谓语动词要用一般过去时,所 以要用助动词do的过去式did。,6.(2017北京,33)People (have) better access to health care than they used to, and they're living longer as a result.,答案 have 句意:相比以前,人们(现在)能得到更好的医疗服务,因此他们的寿命更长一些。 本题考查动词的时态。根据题干中的than they used to可知,这是在比较过去和现在的医疗状 况,所以设空处应用一般现在时。,7.(2017天津,8)I (drive) down to London when I suddenly found that I was on the wrong road.,答案 was driving 句意:我正在开车前往伦敦的路上,就在那时我突然发现走错路了。根据 句意可知此处是be doing.when.句型,表示“正在做……这/那时……”。根据语境可知用过 去进行时。,8.(2017江苏,31) He's been informed that he (do)not qualify for the scholarship because of his academic background.,答案 does 句意:他被告知由于他的学术背景,他没有资格获得奖学金。本题考查动词的时 态。根据语境可知,宾语从句中所陈述的是现在的情况,故用一般现在时态。,9.(2017江苏,24)The publication of Great Expectations, which (be) both widely reviewed and highly praised, strengthened Dickens' status as a leading novelist.,答案 was 句意:《远大前程》这本书被广泛地评价和高度地赞扬,它的出版巩固了狄更斯 作为最杰出的小说家的地位。本题考查动词的时态和主谓一致。根据题干可以确定,which引 导非限制性定语从句,先行词为Great Expectations,是一本书的名字,因此定语从句中的be动词 应是单数形式。根据题干中的strengthened可知语境为过去的时间,因此设空处的时态为一般 过去时,故填was。,10.(2016北京,21)Jack (work)in the lab when the power cut occurred.,答案 was working 句意:杰克正在实验室工作,这时停电了。本题考查“be doing sth. when.”句型。根据题干中的occurred(一般过去时)可知,设空处用过去进行时。,11.(2016北京,23)—Excuse me, which movie are you waiting for? —The new Star Wars. We (wait)here for more than two hours.,答案 have been waiting 句意:——打扰了,你们在等哪部电影?——新拍的《星球大战》。 我们已经在这儿等了两个多小时了。本题考查动词的时态。设空处表示该动作从两个多小 时前一直持续到说话时,而且还在进行,因此用现在完成进行时。,12.(2016北京,25)I (read)half of the English novel, and I'll try to finish it at the weekend.,答案 have read 句意:这本英文小说我已经读了一半了,我将尽力在周末把它读完。根据句 意可知,动作read发生在过去,对现在产生了影响,故用现在完成时。,13.(2016江苏,29)Dashan, who (learn)crosstalk, the Chinese comedic tradition, for decades, wants to mix it up with the Western stand-up tradition.,答案 has been learning 句意:大山学习中国传统喜剧形式——相声已经几十年了,他想把它 与西方的单口喜剧传统结合起来。根据句意以及for decades可知,学习这一动作从过去一直 延续到了现在,并且现在还在进行,故用现在完成进行时;主语Dashan为第三人称单数,故答案 为has been learning。,14.(2016浙江,9)Silk (become)one of the primary goods traded along the Silk Road by about 100 BC.,答案 had become 句意:到大约公元前100年丝绸已成为沿丝绸之路交易的主要货物之一。 根据句中的时间状语by about 100 BC可知“become”动作发生在“过去的过去”,故用过去 完成时。,15.(2015北京,26)In the last few years,China (make) great achievements in environmental protection.,答案 has made 句意:在过去的几年里,中国在环境保护方面已经取得了巨大的成就。本题 考查动词的时态。根据句中时间状语In the last few years可知用现在完成时。,16.(2015北京,27)—Did you have difficulty finding Ann's house? —Not really.She (give) us clear directions and we were able to find it easily.,答案 had given 句意:——你们找到安的家有困难吗?——不难找。她已经给了我们清晰的 方位,我们能很容易找到。本题考查动词时态。动词give 的动作发生在“were able to find” 之前,符合过去完成时表示“过去的过去”的用法。,17.(2015北京,30)—Dr.Jackson is not in his office at the moment. —All right.I (call) him later.,答案 will call 句意:——Jackson博士现在不在办公室。——好的。我稍后给他打电话。本 题考查动词时态。根据对话中的later一词可知用一般将来时。,18.(2015江苏,30)The real reason why prices (be),and still are, too high is complex,and no short discussion can satisfactorily explain this problem.,答案 were 句意:物价过去是,现在仍然是那么高的真正原因是复杂的,短短的讨论不可能对 此问题作出令人满意的解释。本题考查动词时态。根据题目中 “and still are(现在仍然是)” 可以得知过去也是一样的情形,故用were。,19.(2015福建,30)—Where is Peter?I can't find him anywhere. —He went to the library after breakfast and (write) his essay there ever since.,答案 has been writing 句意:——彼得在哪里?我到处都找不到他。——他在早饭后去了图 书馆,从那时起一直在那里写论文。本题考查动词时态。根据时间状语ever since可知设空处 应该用现在完成进行时,表示动作从过去开始一直持续到现在且还在进行。,20.(2015湖南,22)As you go through this book,you (find) that each of the millions of people who lived through World War Ⅱ had a different experience.,答案 will find 句意:当你读完这本书,你就会发现数百万从第二次世界大战中活过来的每 一个人的经历都不同。本题考查时态。as引导的时间状语从句为一般现在时,主句应用一般 将来时。,21.(2015陕西,22)Marty (work) really hard on his book and he thinks he'll have finished it by Friday.,答案 has been working 句意:Marty在他的这本书上确实很用功,他觉得周五前就可以完成 了。本题考查时态。根据语境可知这里应用现在完成进行时。,22.(2015重庆,1)—Is Peter coming? —No,he (change) his mind after a phone call at the last minute.,答案 changed 句意:——彼得要来吗?——不来了。在最后时刻接了一个电话后他改变了 主意。考查动词时态。根据语境可知“改变主意”应该发生在对话前的某一时间,要用一般 过去时。,23.(2014北京,31)—What time is it? —I have no idea.But just a minute,I (check) it for you.,答案 will check 句意:——现在几点了?——我不知道,不过等一下,我帮你看看。根据句意 可知答话者此刻也不知道几点,因此“我帮你看看”是接下来要发生的动作,故使用一般将来 时。,24.(2014北京,32)I found the lecture hard to follow because it (start)when I arrived.,答案 had started 句意:我发现我很难明白讲座的内容,因为当我到的时候它已经开始了。 题干中的语境为过去时,根据句意可知空格处发生的动作先于arrived,故使用过去完成时。,25.(2014重庆,8)James has just arrived,but I didn't know he (come)until yesterday.,答案 was coming/would come 句意:詹姆斯刚到,但是直到昨天我才知道他会来。主句的谓 语动词是一般过去时,从句的时态应用过去的某种时态,根据句意可知该空表示过去将要发生 的动作,所以要用过去将来时。,26.(2014江西,24)—Tony,why are your eyes red? —I (cut) up peppers for the last five minutes.,答案 have been cutting 句意:——托尼,为什么你的眼睛红了?——过去的五分钟里我一直 都在剁辣椒。根据本题中的 for the last five minutes 可以判断动作从过去开始,持续到现在,并 且可能现在还在进行,故用现在完成进行时。,27.(2014湖南,32)All we need (be) a small piece of land where we can plant various kinds of fruit trees throughout the growing seasons of the year.,答案 is 句意:我们所需要的就是一小片土地,我们可以在一年中播种的季节里在那儿种植 各类果树。根据题干可知all指代的是a small piece of land,所以谓语动词要用单数形式,整句话 的语境为一般现在时,故填is。,考点二 被动语态 1.(2018北京,9)A rescue worker risked his life saving two tourists who (trap) in the moun- tains for two days.,答案 had been trapped 句意:一位救援人员冒着生命危险营救了两名已经在山中被困两天 的游客。根据句中主句的谓语动词risked可知事情发生在过去,而“被困”发生在risked之前, 故用过去完成时。定语从句的先行词是two tourists,与从句的谓语动词trap之间是被动关系,因 此设空处应用过去完成时的被动语态。,2.(2018天津,13)My washing machine (repair)this week, so I have to wash my clothes by hand.,答案 is being repaired 句意:本周我的洗衣机正在维修中,因此我不得不用手洗我的衣服。 根据后面“用手洗我的衣服”可知这里表示“洗衣机正在维修中”,故用现在进行时;My washing machine与repair为被动关系,需用被动语态。因此,设空处需用现在进行时的被动语 态。,3.(2018江苏,30)I was sent to the village last month to see how the development plan (carry) out in the past two years.,答案 had been carried 句意:上个月我被派到这个村子来检查那个发展计划在过去的两年 中的实施情况。考查动词时态和语态。设空处表示的动作应该发生在主句谓语动词was sent 之前,属于“过去的过去”,且表示被动,所以要用过去完成时的被动语态。,4.(2017北京,29)In the 1950s in the USA, most families had just one phone at home, and wireless phones (invent) yet.,答案 hadn't been invented 句意:在20世纪50年代的美国,大多数家庭家中只有一部电话,而 且无线电话还没有被发明出来。设空处是句子的谓语动词,与主语之间是被动关系,且动作发 生在had之前,故要用过去完成时的被动语态。,5.(2017天津,6)Nowadays, cycling, along with jogging and swimming, (regard) as one of the best all-round forms of exercise.,答案 is regarded 句意:现如今,与慢跑和游泳一起,骑自行车运动被视为最好的、全面的运 动形式之一。设空处是句子的谓语动词,与主语之间是被动关系。句子的主语是cycling, 谓语 动词要用单数。根据时间状语Nowadays可知时态为一般现在时。,6.(2017江苏,27)He hurried home, never once looking back to see if he (follow).,答案 was being followed 句意:他匆忙往家赶,从未回头看看是否有人跟着他。本题考查动 词的时态、语态及主谓一致。根据句意可知,设空处应用被动语态,且表示当时正在被跟踪,从 句中主语为he,故填was being followed。,7.(2016北京,30)The students have been working hard on their lessons and their efforts (reward)with success in the end.,答案 will be rewarded 句意:学生们一直都很努力学习功课,最终回报他们的努力的将是成 功。根据语境可知设空处需用一般将来时;their efforts与reward之间为被动关系,故用被动语 态。综上所述,答案应为一般将来时的被动语态。,8.(2016江苏,22)More efforts, as reported, (make)in the years ahead to accelerate the supply -side structural reform.,答案 will be made 句意:据报道,为了加速供给侧结构性改革,在今后几年将做出更大的努 力。根据in the years ahead并结合句意可知,动作发生在将来,故用一般将来时,主语More ef- forts与make为被动关系,故用被动语态。综上所述,答案为will be made。,9.(2015天津,9)Despite the previous rounds of talks, no agreement (reach) so far by the two sides.,答案 has been reached 句意:尽管之前进行了多轮谈判,但到目前为止双方没有取得一致意 见。考查动词的时态和语态。根据题干中的时间状语so far可知此处应该用现在完成时,而a- greement与谓语动词之间为被动关系,所以要用现在完成时的被动语态。,10.(2015北京,22)—Did you enjoy the party? —Yes.We (treat) well by our hosts.,答案 were treated 句意:——你们在聚会上玩得愉快吗?——是的,我们被主人们招待得很 好。本题考查动词的时态和语态。根据对话内容可知所谈事情发生在过去,且主语We与动词 treat之间为被动关系,故答案为一般过去时的被动语态。,12.(2014大纲全国,22)Unless some extra money (find),the theatre will close.,答案 is found 句意:除非找到一些额外资金,否则这家剧院就得关门。由主句中的will可知 unless引导的从句应用一般现在时表将来,且money和find之间是被动关系,故答案为is found。,11.(2015四川,4)More expressways (build) in Sichuan soon to promote the local economy.,答案 will be built 句意:四川很快会建更多的高速公路来促进当地经济的发展。本题考查 时态和语态。由语境可知用一般将来时,且主语expressways和动词build是被动关系,故答案为 一般将来时的被动语态。,考点三 情态动词和虚拟语气 1.(2018北京,12)In today's information age, the loss of data cause serious problems for a company.,答案 can 句意:在当今这个信息时代,对于一个公司来说,数据的丢失会造成严重的后果。 本题考查情态动词。根据句意可知,语境要体现的是一种客观的可能性,且cause 为动词原形, 因此用can符合语境。,2.(2018北京,13)They might have found a better hotel if they (drive) a few more kilometers.,答案 had driven 句意:如果他们再多行驶几千米,他们或许就会找到一个更好的宾馆了。本 题考查虚拟语气。根据题干中主句的谓语might have found可知本句为与过去事实相反的虚 拟,因此if引导的从句中谓语动词形式应为had done,故填had driven。,3.(2018天津,10)I can't find my purse. I have left it in the supermarket yesterday, but I'm not sure.,答案 could/might 句意:我找不到我的钱包了。我可能昨天把它落在超市了,但我不确定。 本题考查情态动词。设空处表示对过去事情的推测,且根据题干中的“I'm not sure”可推知 此处表示不确定的推测,故用could/might表示“可能”。,4.(2018天津,15)If we (catch)the flight yesterday, we would be enjoying our holiday on the beach now.,答案 had caught 句意:如果昨天我们赶上了那趟航班,我们现在就会正在沙滩上享受我们 的假期了。本题考查虚拟语气。If从句表示与过去事实相反的假设,其谓语动词需用“had+ 过去分词”形式。,5.(2018江苏,27)There is a good social life in the village, and I wish I (have) a second chance to become more involved.,答案 had 句意:这个村子里的社交生活很丰富,我希望自己能再有一次机会去更多地参与 其中。考查虚拟语气。wish后面的宾语从句往往用虚拟语气,此处表示与现在事实相反的假 设,故填had。,6.(2017北京,21)Samuel, the tallest boy in our class, easily reach the books on the top shelf.,答案 can 句意:Samuel是我们班里最高的男孩,他可以轻松地够到书架顶层的书。考查情 态动词。can意为“可以,能够”,表示能力,符合语境。,7.(2017天津,2)My room is a mess, but I clean it before I go out tonight. I can do it in the morning.,答案 needn't 句意:我的房间很乱,但是在今晚外出之前我不必打扫它,我可以早晨打扫。 设空处表示不必,所以用needn't。,8.(2017天津,15)—Do you have Betty's phone number? —Yes. Otherwise, I (be) able to reach her yesterday.,答案 wouldn't have been 句意:——你有Betty的电话号码吗?——有,否则,昨天我就不能联 系到她了。设空处是对过去发生的事进行虚拟,应该用would have done结构,此处要用否定形 式。,9.(2017江苏,22) (be) it not for the support of the teachers, the student could not overcome her difficulty.,答案 Were 句意:没有老师们的支持,这个学生不可能克服她的困难。本题考查虚拟语气。 根据题干中的the student could not overcome可知,语境是对现在事实的虚拟,be动词在虚拟语 气中通常用were。当虚拟语气中if引导的条件状语从句省略了if时,从句部分应部分倒装。,10.(2017北京,34)If the new safety system (put) to use, the accident would never have hap- pened.,答案 had been put 句意:如果新的安全系统被投入使用,这起事故就不会发生了。本题考查 虚拟语气。根据题干中的主句谓语部分would never have happened可知语境是对过去发生的 事进行虚拟,因此if引导的从句谓语部分应为had done。再结合语境,可知用被动语态。,11.(2016北京,31)I love the weekend, because I get up early on Saturdays and Sundays.,答案 needn't 句意:我爱周末,因为我不必在周六和周日早起。needn't表示不必。,12.(2016北京,34)Why didn't you tell me about your trouble last week?If you (tell)me, I could have helped.,答案 had told 句意:你上周为什么不告诉我你遇到的麻烦?如果你告诉我,我本可以帮你 的。本题考查虚拟语气。根据题干中的could have helped和last week可知设空处为与过去事 实相反的虚拟语气,故答案为had told。,13.(2016天津,5)It was really annoying; I get access to the data bank you had recommend- ed.,答案 couldn't 句意:真令人恼火。我不能进入你推荐的数据库。根据It was really annoying 可知应用couldn't。,14.(2016天津,15)I was wearing a seat belt. If I hadn't been wearing one, I would (injure).,答案 have been injured 句意:我那时系着安全带呢。如果我没系安全带的话,我可能就受伤 了。根据句意可知设空处为与过去事实相反的虚拟语气,其谓语动词形式为would+ have done。主语I与injure为被动关系,故需用被动语态,故答案为 have been injured。,15.(2016江苏,27)If it (be)for his invitation the other day, I should not be here now.,答案 had not been/hadn't been 句意:如果不是因为那天他的邀请,我现在是不会在这里的。 根据句意可知,本句为错综条件句。主句和现在的事实相反,从句和过去的事实相反,故从句谓 语动词为过去完成时。,16.(2015北京,34)If I (see) it with my own eyes,I wouldn't have believed it.,答案 hadn't seen 句意:如果不是我亲眼看到,我是不会相信的。本题考查虚拟语气。由主 句谓语“wouldn't have believed”可知此处为与过去事实相反的虚拟,条件从句应该用过去完 成时。,17.(2015江苏,28)It might have saved me some trouble if I (know) the schedule.,答案 had known 句意:要是我知道安排的话,我可能会省一些事儿。本题考查虚拟语气。 由主句 “It might have saved me some trouble”可知此处是与过去事实相反的假设,所以用过 去完成时。,18.(2015天津,13)I wish I (be) at my sister's wedding last Tuesday,but I was on a business trip in New York then.,答案 had been 句意:要是上周二我能参加我姐姐的婚礼就好了,可是那时我正在纽约出 差。考查虚拟语气。wish后的从句对过去情况进行虚拟时应用had done。,19.(2015安徽,32)It is lucky we booked a room,or we have nowhere to stay now.,答案 would 句意:很幸运,我们预订了一个房间,要不我们现在就没有地方可以住了。本题 考查虚拟语气。or前面是真实的情况,or后面表示对现在的虚拟,用would do的形式,故答案为 would。,20.(2015陕西,23)Ellen is a fantastic dancer.I wish I (dance) as well as her.,答案 danced 句意:Ellen是一个非常优秀的舞者,我希望我能跳得像她一样好。本题考查虚 拟语气。wish后面用一般过去时表示对现在的虚拟,故答案为danced。,21.(2015北京,29)—Can't you stay a little longer? —It's getting late.I really go now.My daughter is home alone.,答案 must 句意:——难道你不能再多逗留一会儿吗?——时间不早了。我确实得走了。我 的女儿独自一人在家。本题考查情态动词。根据上下文可知,答案为must(必须)。,22.(2015浙江,4)It was so noisy that we hear ourselves speak. 答案 couldn't 句意:这里如此嘈杂以至于我们无法听到自己说话。本题考查情态动词。根 据语境可知此处表达“我们不能听到自己说话”,并且时态为一般过去时,故答案是couldn 't。,三年模拟,A组 2016—2018年高考模拟·单句填空 时间:12分钟 分值:19分,考点一 动词的时态和主谓一致 1.(2018四川双流中学高三4月月考,63)The graduation ceremony takes place at the end of May or beginning of June, which usually (include)music, awards, and a guest speaker.,答案 includes 句意:毕业典礼在五月底或六月初举行,它通常包括播放音乐、发奖和嘉宾 演讲。定语从句中谓语动词的数取决于先行词。定语从句的先行词为The graduation ceremo- ny,故谓语动词使用第三人称单数形式。,2.(2018四川雅安高三下学期三诊,61)Stephen Hawking, the brightest star in the firmament(苍穹) of science, (pass)away at his home in Cambridge, England, early on the morning of 14 March 2018, at the age of 76.,答案 passed 句意:在2018年3月14日清晨,科学苍穹中最耀眼的明星——史蒂芬·霍金在英 格兰剑桥大学的家里去世,终年76岁。根据时间状语early on the morning of 14 March 2018可 知此处使用一般过去时。,3.(2018四川绵阳高三三诊,61)You probably (hear)that all legends have a basis in fact.,答案 have heard 句意:你可能已经听说过所有的传说都有事实依据。根据从句中have a ba- sis可判断此处使用现在完成时。,4.(2018四川绵阳高三三诊,70)Whether Le Loyon actually committed suicide or simply aban- doned his persona and wandering habits (remain)unknown.,答案 remains 句意:Le Loyon是真的自杀了还是他仅仅是放弃了他的伪装不再到处流浪了 仍然不得而知。主语从句作主语时谓语动词使用第三人称单数形式。,5.(2018广西陆川高三3月月考,61)If it is the first time that you (be)there, which one will you check out?,答案 have been 句意:如果这是你第一次到那儿,你打算去看哪一个?在It is the first time that.句型中,that引导的从句的谓语动词使用现在完成时,故答案为have been。,6.(2017四川成都龙泉中学高三4月月考,61)I was living a life in my screen and hardly noticed what (be)around me.,答案 was 句意:我一直生活在屏幕中,很少注意我周围的东西。本题考查时态和主谓一 致。根据was living和noticed可确定空格处使用一般过去时,what作主语时谓语动词常用单数 形式。,7.(2017云南昆明高三下学期第二次统测,46)While looking through the survey results, she (find) that more than half of the kids were dehydrated(脱水的).,答案 found 句意:当仔细查看调查结果时,她发现超过一半的孩子脱水。根据were可判断空 格处使用一般过去时。,8.(2017四川乐山高三3月一调,64)Naismith showed the men a basket he (hang)at each end of the gym, and explained that they were going to use a round European football.,答案 had hung 句意:Naismith给这些男士指了指挂在体育馆两端的篮子并解释说他们将使 用一个圆形的欧洲足球。空格处的动作发生在showed之前,故使用过去完成时。,9.(2017广西南宁高三二模,67)How do you get to taste salt?All you have to do (be) press the button on the fork.,答案 is 句意:你怎样才能尝到咸味呢?你需要做的只是按一下叉子上的按钮。第二个句子 的主语是代词all,指“事”,故系动词使用is。,10.(2017广西钦州港经济技术开发区中学3月调研,70) According to the letter, the Chan Zucker- berg Initiative (help) to realize “human potential” and “equality for all children in the next generation”.,答案 will help 句意:根据这封书信,the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative将会帮助实现“人类潜 能”和“让下一代所有的孩子实现平等”。考查时态。此处表示未来计划,故使用一般将来 时。,考点二 被动语态 1.(2018云南昆明一中高三第七次月考,41)Recently, Nobel Prize winner Malala Yousafzai (accept)by the University of Oxford.,答案 has been accepted 句意:最近,诺贝尔获得者Malala Yousafzai被牛津大学录取。根据 时间状语Recently可判断此处使用现在完成时,主语Nobel Prize winner Malala Yousafzai与ac- cept为被动关系,故答案为has been accepted。,2.(2018贵州凯里一中高三三模,41)As (know)to us all, enough sleep is good for children's growth.,答案 is known 句意:众所周知,充足的睡眠对孩子的成长有好处。此处描述客观事实,故使 用一般现在时。此处关系词As指代逗号后整个句子,与know是被动关系,故填is known。,3.(2018广西南宁高三2月月考,62)The signs (write)in Singlish!,答案 are written 句意:招牌是用新加坡式英语写的。此处描述客观情况,故使用一般现在 时。The signs和write为被动关系,且主语为复数,故填are written。,4.(2018四川成都高三二诊,63)Hot pot restaurants can (find)on pretty much every street in Chengdu, but the quality and taste can vary hugely.,答案 be found 句意:火锅店几乎在成都的每一条大街上都能找到,但是品质和口味却差异 很大。find与Hot pot restaurants为被动关系,故使用被动语态。,5.(2018云南曲靖一中高考复习检测七,49)At cafes that participate in the custom, customers can ask if there are any “suspended coffees” available, and if so, they (supply)with a bever- age, thanks to the kindness of a stranger.,答案 are supplied/will be supplied 句意:在有这项传统的咖啡馆里,顾客可以询问是否有 “待用咖啡”,如果有,他们就会被提供咖啡饮品,这都是因为某位陌生人的善举。they与sup- ply之间为被动关系;根据if so可知设空处可填一般将来时或一般现在时。,6.(2018四川遂宁高三三诊,65)The native Maori play a large role in society, and many of their customs (combine)with modern ones.,答案 are combined 句意:当地的毛利人在社会中起着巨大的作用,而且他们的很多风俗和 现代风俗都融为一体。根据前面的play可判断此处使用一般现在时;customs与combine为被动 关系,故答案为are combined。,7.(2017四川凉山州高中毕业班二检,63)Sub health (mark) by general weakness, low ener- gy levels and a poor immune system.,答案 is marked 句意:亚健康表现为全身无力,精力不足和免疫力低下。本句客观表述亚健 康的表现,故使用一般现在时。mark与句子主语构成被动关系,故答案为is marked。,8.(2017广西南宁高三二模,64)It (develop)byTokyo University as part of the No Salt project in 2016, which aimed to offer either low-salt or salt-free food.,答案 was developed 句意:它是由2016年东京大学“无盐”项目的一部分发展而来,其目的 是提供低盐或不含盐的食品。根据下文的时间状语可判断空格处使用一般过去时,句子的主 语It与develop为被动关系,故使用被动语态。,9.(2017贵州黔东南州高三下学期高考模拟,43) For thousands of years, the Silk Road Spirit (pass)from generation to generation. 答案 has been passed 考查时态和语态。根据时间状语For thousands of years和句意可确定 使用现在完成时,pass与句子主语为被动关系,故使用被动语态。,B组 2016—2018年高考模拟·单句改错 时间:10分钟 分值:16分,1.(2018四川成都七中高三一诊)Neither what we have learned in books nor in class can have the same important effect on us as what we had learned through personal practice.,答案 had→have 句意:我们从书中和课堂上学到的东西都不如我们通过个人实践所学到的 东西对我们的影响大。本题考查动词的时态。根据what we have learned in books可判断错误 处也使用现在完成时。,2.(2018西藏拉萨中学第七次月考)Now the city wants larger lorries that cause more pollution to use alcohol, which are produced from grain.,答案 are→is 句意:现在,这座城市想让造成更多污染的大货车使用由粮食制造的酒精。本 题考查主谓一致。which指代alcohol,alcohol为不可数名词,故将are改为is。,3.(2018西藏拉萨中学第七次月考)On one newly built estate(庄园), people are providing with tablets that show their real-time energy usage.,答案 providing→provided 句意:在一个新建的庄园中,人们被提供显示实时的能源使用情 况的平板电脑。本题考查动词的语态。people与provide为被动关系,故使用被动语态。,4.(2018四川德阳高三二诊)On the bus, I pull my cap off. When I reached my stop, I got off the bus.,答案 pull→pulled 句意:在公共汽车上,我摘掉帽子。当我到达车站的时候,我下了车。本 题考查动词的时态。根据reached、got off可判断pull使用一般过去时。,5.(2018四川德阳高三二诊)While crossing the street, I realized something were missing.,答案 were→was 句意:在穿过街道时,我意识到有些东西不见了。本题考查主谓一致。 something作主语,be动词使用单数形式。,6.(2018广西南宁高三2月月考)Before I could answer him, he continue to ask me the name of the fish on another plate.,答案 continue→continued 句意:我还没能回答他,他就紧接着问我另一个盘子上鱼的名 字。本题考查动词的时态。根据could answer可判断continue应使用一般过去时。,7.(2018贵州凯里一中高三二模)Over two hundred persons were killed. A few were seriously in- jured and take to hospital.,答案 take→taken 句意:超过200人丧命,少数人严重受伤,被送往了医院。本题考查动词的 语态。take与A few为被动关系,故使用被动语态。,8.(2018广西桂林高三模拟)I have also been decided to keep a record of what I do and when I do it.,答案 去掉been 句意:我也决定记录我做的事情和做这些事的时间。本题考查动词的语 态。I 与decided为主动关系,不能使用被动语态。,9.(2017四川双流中学高三二诊)The hardest part was my oral presentation from my memory, for reading from the paper wasn't allowing.,答案 allowing→allowed 本题考查动词的语态。后一分句中的主语reading from the paper与 动词allow之间为被动关系,故使用被动语态。,10.(2017四川双流中学高三二诊) Ever since then, my fear of speaking before the audience had disappeared.,答案 had→has 本题考查动词的时态。根据时间状语ever since then可判断谓语动词使用现 在完成时。,11.(2017云南曲靖一中高三第六次月考)Hardly I finished a few pages when I was greatly attract- ed.,答案 Hardly后加had 本题考查动词的时态。Hardly.when.为固定句型,意为“一……就 ……”,Hardly后使用过去完成时的部分倒装形式。,12.(2017云南昆明高三下学期第二次统测)Finishing reading one book, I placed it in or around my school so that some of my schoolmates can treat themselves to the book.,答案 placed→place 本题考查动词的时态。根据so that从句中的谓语动词can treat可判断我 放书这一动作表示经常性的动作,故用一般现在时。,13.(2017贵州高三下学期适应性考试)The next morning, Susan takes the box to her dad and said, “This is for you, Dad!”,答案 takes→took 句意:第二天早上,苏珊带着盒子走到她父亲面前说,“爸爸,这是给你 的!”根据时间状语The next morning和said可确定使用一般过去时。,14.(2017四川成都龙泉中学高三4月月考)After I graduated from high school, a friend of mine suggested that we started to learn the guitar because we both thought it was cool.,答案 started→start suggest表“建议”时,宾语从句中应用虚拟语气,从句谓语动词用 “(should+)动词原形”形式。,15.(2017四川成都九校高三期中联考) I went shopping yesterday afternoon. It is seven o'clock when I was going home by bus.,答案 is→was 此处讲述发生在过去的事情,故使用一般过去时。,16.(2017云南师大附中高三适应性月考七) I finished my dessert by the time she turned up—she was an hour late! 答案 finished前加had 句意:她迟到了一个小时!她出现的时候,我已经吃完了我的甜点。 finish这一动作先于turned up发生,故使用过去完成时。,Passage 1(用所给词的适当形式填空) My best friend Kaiya is like me.She 1 (remind)me of myself.In the past,I 2 (be)never con- fident because of my appearance.People always laughed at my weight,my height,my hairstyle,etc. At that time,I was the shortest student in my class.I started getting depressed.However,someone told me something that I will always remember. It was in March.Surrounded by a group of girls who 3 (point)at me and laughed at me,I couldn 't help crying.The tears rolled down my face like a rushing river.To my surprise,someone lifted my head up and wiped the tears from my eyes.,C组 2016—2018年高考模拟·综合题组,I then knew it was our English teacher,Miss Li.She said,“You 4 (be)perfect the way you are. You should never change or hate yourself.People 5 (accept)you for who you 6 (be).But if you cannot accept yourself,then how will other people accept you?” I 7 (inspire)by her words.Over the past few months,I 8 (learn)that no one is perfect and that we all have flaws. Now I have wonderful friends who 9 (love)me for who I am. Now,seeing Kaiya cry,I decide to tell her the same thing Miss Li 10 (tell)me.,答案 [语篇解读] 本文为记叙文。作者通过自己的亲身经历告诉自己的朋友Kaiya:做人要自信,要 相信自己。,1.reminds 根据第一句的时态可推知本空应该用一般现在时,又因为主语为she,故答案为re- minds。 2.was 根据语境中的In the past可知设空处用一般过去时,故答案为was。 3.pointed 根据后面的laughed可知设空处为pointed。 4.are 本句为直接引语,故用一般现在时。 5.will accept 结合下文的then how will other people accept you可知答案为will accept。 6.are 由上下文语境可知应填are。 7.was inspired 设空处表示过去的事情且主语与inspire为被动关系,故用一般过去时的被动语 态。 8.have learned/learnt 根据前面的Over the past few months可知设空处用现在完成时。 9.love “who 9 (love)me for who I am”为定语从句,先行词为friends且设空处说的是现在 的情况,应用一般现在时,故答案为love。 10.told “Miss Li 10 (tell)me”为定语从句,设空处表示过去的事情,故用一般过去时。,Passage 2(用所给词的适当形式填空) Sara's English 1 (be) so good. I wonder how she 2 (learn) it. “In my country, every- one has to learn English from the first grade,”Sara said. That's interesting. However, when I 3 (visit) her family last year, it 4 (seem) there weren't many people that could speak with me in English. Sara explained to me,“That's because they are shy. They 5 (be) not accustomed to talking with foreigners. Although I 6 (learn) English for 10 years, when I first came to the US, I was really nervous about speaking with the people here.” I thought there 7 (be) lots of Americans teaching English in her country. Sara said, “Yes, that 's true. There are more American teachers now than there 8 (be) five years ago, but they are mostly in cities. My family lives in the country.” Personally I 9 (prefer) the country to the city. I like the life there. It's so quiet, peaceful and beautiful. If I 10 (teach), I would teach in the country.,答案 [语篇解读] Sara的英语很好,她向我介绍了她们国家的英语教学情况。,1.is 设空处表示现在的状态,故用一般现在时。 2.learned/learnt 句意:我想知道她是怎么学它的。learn在本句中表示过去的行为,故用一般过 去时。 3.visited 根据本句中的last year可判断此空应该用一般过去时。 4.seemed 根据上下文语境可知,设空处用seemed。 5.are 根据“they are shy” 的时态可推知本空也需要用一般现在时。 6.had learned/learnt learn English for 10 years这一动作先于first came to the US,由此可知设空 处表示“过去的过去”,故用过去完成时。 7.were 根据主句谓语动词thought可知设空处为过去时,设空处中的be与thought之间不存在 先后关系,故设空处用一般过去时。 8.were 根据后面的five years ago,可推知设空处应该用一般过去时。 9.prefer 作者在说自己现在的情况,故用一般现在时。 10.taught 此处为与现在事实相反的假设,if从句的谓语动词应为一般过去时,故答案为 taught。,Passage 3(用所给词的适当形式填空) It was getting dark when I 1 (get)home.It was cold and I 2 (wear)a coat.I walked up to the door and put my hand into my pocket to take out my key but I 3 (can)not find it.I suddenly re- membered that I 4 (leave)it on my desk in the office.It really didn't make any difference.I knew my wife 5 (be)at home and the children must have come back from school by now,so I 6 (knock)at the door. There was no answer,so I knocked again.I continued knocking at the door for some time.I was get- ting angry.Then I remembered something the office boy 7 (tell)me at noon.He said that my wife 8 (phone)saying that she 9 (go)shopping in the afternoon with the children. There 10 (be)only one thing for me to do:I had to climb in through a window.,答案 [语篇解读] 本文为记叙文。当“我”到家时,天快黑了。天很冷,“我”穿着一件大衣。当 “我”走到门前将手伸进口袋取钥匙时却发现钥匙没在口袋里。想着妻子和孩子们应该在 家于是“我”开始敲门,敲了半天都没人回应。“我”忽然想起妻子中午打电话说下午要跟 孩子们一起去购物,无奈之下,“我”从窗户爬了进去。,1.got
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本文标题:2019版高考英语一轮复习(课标3卷B版)课件:专题四 谓语动词.ppt
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