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2019版高考英语一轮复习(课标3卷B版)课件:专题五 非谓语动词.ppt

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2019 高考 英语 一轮 复习 课标 课件 专题 谓语 动词
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考点一 非谓语动词作状语 1.(2018北京,6)During the Mid-Autumn Festival, family members often gather together (share) a meal, admire the moon and enjoy moon cakes.,五年高考,答案 to share 句意:过中秋节的时候,家人们通常会团聚在一起吃饭、赏月和品尝月饼。本 题考查非谓语动词作状语。根据句意可知家人们团聚在一起的目的是吃饭、赏月和品尝月 饼,因此用不定式to share作目的状语。,2.(2018北京,10)Ordinary soap, (use)correctly, can deal with bacteria effectively.,答案 used 句意:普通的香皂,只要使用正确,就可以有效除菌。本题考查非谓语动词作条件 状语。主语与use为逻辑上的被动关系,且设空处没有一定的时间性,故填过去分词used。,3.(2018江苏,26)Around 13,500 new jobs were created during the period, (exceed) the ex- pected number of 12,000 held by market analysts.,答案 exceeding 句意:这段时期约13,500个新工作被创造出来,超过了市场分析家预测的12, 000个。考查非谓语动词。设空处是非谓语动词作状语,exceed与其逻辑主语之间是主动关系, 且没有动作发生前后的关系,要用现在分词。,4.(2017北京,27)Many airlines now allow passengers to print their boarding passes online (save) their valuable time.,答案 to save 句意:现在很多航空公司允许乘客在网上打印登机证来节省他们宝贵的时 间。考查非谓语动词作状语。设空处表示目的,故用不定式形式。,5.(2017天津,14)The hospital has recently obtained new medical equipment, (allow) more patients to be treated.,答案 allowing 句意:这家医院近期获得了新的医疗设备,这让更多的病人可以接受治疗。 考查非谓语动词作状语。设空处动作与其逻辑主语之间是主动关系,所以要用v.-ing形式。,6.(2017江苏,21)Many Chinese brands, (develop) their reputations over centuries, are fac- ing new challenges from the modern market.,答案 having developed 句意:很多中国的品牌,已经积攒了几百年的声誉,正在面临来自现 代市场的新挑战。本题考查非谓语动词作状语。题干中两个逗号中间的部分为非谓语动词 短语,develop的逻辑主语是Many Chinese brands,两者之间为主动关系,同时后面有时间状语 over centuries, 因此用having done的形式。,7.(2016北京,26) (make)it easier to get in touch with us, you'd better keep this card at hand.,答案 To make 句意:要想更容易地联系到我们,你最好把这张卡片放在手边。根据句意可 知这里应用动词不定式作目的状语,故答案为To make。,8.(2016北京,28) (order)over a week ago, the books are expected to arrive any time now.,答案 Ordered 句意:这些书一个多星期前就被下订单了,现在预计随时会到。order与逻辑 主语the books之间为被动关系,且动作已经完成,故答案为Ordered。,9.(2016北京,32)Newly-built wooden cottages line the street, (turn)the old town into a dreamland.,答案 turning 句意:新建的木制小屋沿着大街排成一排,把旧城镇变成了梦境。设空处作结 果状语,其逻辑主语应是逗号前的内容,两者之间是主动关系,故答案为turning。,10.(2016天津,4)The cooling wind swept through our bedroom windows, (make)air condi- tioning unnecessary.,答案 making 句意:凉风通过我们卧室的窗户吹进来,使得空气调节系统没有必要了。根据 句意可知,此处应用现在分词短语作结果状语,表示必然的结果。不定式虽然也可作结果状语, 但往往表示出乎意料的结果,故to make不可接受。,11.(2015北京,21) (catch) the early flight,we ordered a taxi in advance and got up very early.,答案 To catch 句意:为了赶上早班航班,我们提前预订了出租车,并且起得很早。本题考查 非谓语动词作状语。根据上下文逻辑关系可知设空处为目的状语,故答案为To catch。,12.(2015福建,28) (learn)more about Chinese culture,Jack has decided to take Chinese folk music as an elective course.,答案 To learn 句意:为了更多地了解中国文化,杰克已经决定把中国民间音乐作为选修课 程。本题考查非谓语动词作状语。主语Jack与learn为逻辑上的主动关系,根据语境可知设空 处作目的状语,故答案为To learn。,13.(2015福建,33)In recent years an English word“infosphere”has appeared, (combine) the sense of“information”and“atmosphere”.,答案 combining 句意:在最近几年,一个英文单词“infosphere”出现了,它结合了“informa- tion”和“atmosphere”的含义。本题考查非谓语动词。主语an English word“infosphere” 与combine为逻辑上的主动关系,故应用现在分词形式。,14.(2015湖南,30)When the clerk saw a kind face wrinkled in an apologetic smile,she stood rooted to the ground, (wonder) whether to stay or leave.,答案 wondering 句意:当那个职员看到一张善良而又布满皱纹的脸上带着愧疚的微笑时,她 纹丝不动地站着,不知道是去还是留。本题考查非谓语动词作状语的用法。设空处所表示的 动作与she为逻辑上的主动关系且作伴随状语,故答案为wondering。,15.(2015湖南,34)Sometimes I act as a listening ear for fellow students (talk)over what is bothering them.,答案 to talk 句意:有时候我当同学的听众去讨论一些困扰他们的问题。本题考查非谓语动 词作目的状语。设空处表目的,故答案为to talk。,16.(2015江苏,24)Much time (spend) sitting at a desk,office workers are generally troubled by health problems.,答案 spent 句意:因为在桌前久坐,办公室工作人员一般都被健康问题所困扰。考查独立主 格结构作状语。该结构中的逻辑主语much time 与spend为逻辑上的被动关系且表示完成,所 以用过去分词spent。,17.(2015天津,5) (absorb) in painting,John didn't notice evening approaching.,答案 Absorbed 句意:由于在全神贯注地画画,约翰没有察觉到夜幕降临了。考查非谓语动 词作原因状语。设空处动作与句子主语John之间为被动关系,再结合固定搭配be absorbed in 可知答案。,18.(2015天津,8) (work) for two days,Steve managed to finish his report on schedule.,答案 Having worked 句意:已经忙活了两天了,史蒂夫设法按时完成了他的报告。考查非谓 语动词作状语。设空处动作与句子主语Steve之间为逻辑上的主动关系且发生在句子谓语动 词managed之前,所以要用having done形式。,19.(2015重庆,11)Like ancient sailors,birds can find their way (use) the sun and the stars.,答案 using 句意:和古代的水手一样,鸟类能借助太阳和星星找到它们的路。考查非谓语动 词作状语。use与句子主语之间为主动关系,应该用现在分词。,20.(2015重庆,6) (raise) in the poorest area of Glasgow,he had a long,hard road to becoming a football star.,答案 Raised 句意:他是在格拉斯哥最贫穷的地区长大的,经过一条漫长而艰难的道路才成 了一名足球明星。考查非谓语动词作状语。raise与句子主语之间为被动关系,且动作已经完 成,故用过去分词形式。,21.(2014天津,5)Anxiously,she took the dress out of the package and tried it on,only (find)it didn't fit.,答案 to find 句意:她急切地从袋子里取出那条连衣裙试穿了一下,结果发现它不合身。本 题考查非谓语动词作状语。根据语境可知,此处考查“only+动词不定式”表示出乎意料的结 果。所以答案为to find。,22.(2014天津,7)Clearly and thoughtfully (write),the book inspires confidence in students who wish to seek their own answers.,答案 written 句意:这本书表达清楚,思想有深度,激起了那些想寻求他们自己答案的学生的 自信心。本题考查非谓语动词作状语。因为主语the book和write之间是逻辑上的被动关系且 表示完成,所以用过去分词作状语。,考点二 非谓语动词作定语 1.(2017天津,10)I was watching the clock all through the meeting,as I had a train (catch).,答案 to catch 句意:我在会议期间一直看表,因为我要赶火车。设空处作定语,修饰 train,语 境为“要赶火车”,要用不定式表将来。,2.(2017北京,32)Jim has retired, but he still remembers the happy time (spend) with his students.,答案 spent 句意:吉姆已经退休,但是他仍然记得和他的学生们一起度过的快乐时光。本题 考查非谓语动词。题干中,设空处作后置定语,time与spend之间为被动关系,故用过去分词形 式。,3.(2016浙江,10)To return to the problem of water pollution, I'd like you to look at a study (conduct)in Australia in 2012.,答案 conducted 句意:回到水污染问题,我想让你们看一下澳大利亚在2012年进行的研 究。study与conduct之间为被动关系,且设空处表示“完成”,故用过去分词作后置定语。,4.(2016江苏,28)In art criticism, you must assume the artist has a secret message (hide) within the work.,答案 hidden 句意:在艺术评论中,你一定认为艺术家在作品中都会隐藏一个秘密的信息。 设空处在句中作定语,message与hide之间存在逻辑上的被动关系,且设空处表示动作已完成, 故用过去分词形式。,5.(2015北京,23)The park was full of people, (enjoy) themselves in the sunshine.,答案 enjoying 句意:公园里人山人海,人们在阳光下玩得很快乐。本题考查非谓语动词。 enjoy与people为逻辑上的主动关系,故用现在分词。,6.(2014北京,25)Last night,there were millions of people (watch) the opening ceremony live on TV.,答案 watching 句意:昨天夜里有数百万人在电视上观看了开幕式的现场直播。本题考查 非谓语动词作定语。被修饰词people与watch之间为逻辑上的主动关系,故答案为watching。,7.(2014重庆,5)The producer comes regularly to collect the cameras (return)to our shop for quality problems.,答案 returned 句意:生产商定期来收回因质量问题退回到我们店的照相机。本题考查非谓 语动词作定语。cameras和return之间是被动关系,并且是已经完成的动作,所以要用过去分 词。,考点三 非谓语动词作宾语、补语、主语、表语 1.(2018北京,3) (travel)along the old Silk Road is an interesting and rewarding experience.,答案 Traveling 句意:沿古老的丝绸之路旅行是一次有趣和有所收获的经历。本题考查非 谓语动词作主语。根据题干可知, along the old Silk Road是主语部分,应该用动名词形 式作主语。,2.(2018天津,7)I need a new passport so I will have to have my photograph (take).,答案 taken 句意:我需要一个新护照,因此我得照张相片。本题考查非谓语动词作宾语补足 语。宾语my photograph与take为被动关系,且表示让他人去做这件事,因此用过去分词作宾 补。have sth. done意为“让某事被做”。,3.(2018天津,8)It took him a long time (acquire) the skills he needed to become a good dancer.,答案 to acquire 句意:为了成为一名优秀的舞者,他花了很长时间去获得他所需要的技能。 考查非谓语动词作主语。在It takes/took sbto do sth.句型中,It作形式主语,不定式短语作真 正的主语。,4.(2018天津,12)I didn't mean (eat)anything but the ice cream looked so good that I couldn't help trying it.,答案 to eat 句意:我当时什么都不想吃,但是那款冰激凌看上去太诱人了以至于我禁不住品 尝了它。本题考查非谓语动词作宾语。mean to do sth.打算做某事;mean doing sth.意味着做某 事。此处表示打算做某事,mean后加不定式作宾语。,5.(2017江苏,30)A quick review of successes and failures at the end of year will help (shape) your year ahead.,答案 (to)shape 句意:在年底对一年的成功和失败进行快速的回顾会有助于你下一年的发 展。本题考查非谓语动词。此处所填词作help的宾语,应该用不定式形式,其中的to可省略。,6.(2016浙江,19)I had as much fun sailing the seas as I now do (work)with students.,答案 working 句意:我过去航海和现在与学生们打交道一样开心。句中do代替have fun, have fun doing sth.做某事很开心。,7.(2015安徽,27) (ignore) the difference between the two research findings will be one of the worst mistakes you make.,答案 Ignoring 句意:忽视那两个调查结果的不同将会是你犯的最严重的过错之一。本题考 查非谓语动词。动名词短语作主语,故答案为Ignoring。,8.(2015陕西,18)Back from his two-year medical service in Africa,Dr.Lee was very happy to see his mother (take) good care of at home.,答案 taken 句意:在非洲提供了两年的医疗服务,Lee医生回来后十分高兴地看到家里的母 亲得到了很好的照顾。本题考查非谓语动词。这里使用了非谓语动词作宾补,宾补与宾语之 间是逻辑上的被动关系,故答案为taken。,9.(2014福建,30)For those with family members far away,the personal computer and the phone are important in staying (connect).,答案 connected 句意:对于那些与家人相距遥远的人来说,个人电脑和电话在保持联系方面 很重要。本题考查非谓语动词作表语。根据stay可知后面为表语,表示状态,设空处与省略的 逻辑主语those with family members far away是逻辑上的被动关系,所以答案为connected。,10.(2014四川,5)The manager was satisfied to see many new products (develop)after great effort.,答案 developed 句意:经理看到经过巨大努力许多新产品被研发出来非常满意。本题考查 非谓语动词作宾补。many new products与develop之间是被动关系,所以要用过去分词。,11.(2014陕西,12)It's quite hot today.Do you feel like (go)for a swim?,答案 going 句意:今天天气好热。你想去游泳吗?考查非谓语动词。feel like doing sth.想要 做某事。,12.(2014湖南,23) (understand)your own needs and styles of communication is as important as learning to convey your affection and emotions. 答案 Understanding 句意:对你自己的交流需求及交流风格加以理解和学会表达你的爱和 情感一样重要。本题考查非谓语动词作主语。逻辑主语与understand之间为主动关系,设空处 应用非谓语动词的主动形式。,三年模拟,A组 2016—2018年高考模拟·单句填空 时间:21分钟 分值:35分,考点一 非谓语动词作状语 1.(2018云南民族大学附中高三3月月考,69)In the morning, I woke up (feel)energetic.,答案 feeling 句意:早上,我醒来感到精力充沛。动词feel与逻辑主语I为主动关系,故使用现 在分词作伴随状语。,2.(2018四川成都外国语高三下学期3月月考,62)The dragon is awake, (raise)his head.,答案 raising 句意:龙醒了,抬起了它的头。动词raise与逻辑主语The dragon为主动关系,故 使用现在分词作伴随状语。,3.(2018四川遂宁高三三诊,66)There are many Asians and Africans who have also immigrated to the country over the years, (make)it a literal melting pot of cultures.,答案 making 句意:多年来有很多亚洲人和非洲人也已移民到这个国家,使它成了一个字面 意思上的文化熔炉。动词make与前面整句话的内容构成逻辑上的主动关系,故使用现在分词 作结果状语,相当于which makes it a literal melting pot of cultures。,4.(2018四川雅安高三下学期三诊,68) (hear)this, Richard Branson offered him a free flight into space with Virgin Galactic, which Hawking immediately accepted.,答案 Hearing/Having heard 设空处作状语,动词hear与逻辑主语Richard Branson构成主动关 系,故使用现在分词或现在分词的完成式作状语。,5.(2018贵州贵阳一中高三3月月考,43) (inspire)by the Mexican holiday of Dia de los Muertos—Day of the Dead—the film's production team created a young boy, Miguel, who wants his family to understand his love of music.,答案 Inspired 句意:受墨西哥亡灵节——死者的节日——的启发,该片的制作团队创作了一 个名叫Miguel的小男孩,他想让家人理解自己对音乐的热爱。此处the film's production team 和inspire之间为被动关系,故使用过去分词作原因状语。,6.(2017四川乐山高三3月一调,66)At first everybody tried to throw the ball into the basket no mat- ter where he was standing. “Pass! Pass!” Naismith kept shouting, (blow) his whistle to stop the excited players.,答案 blowing 句意:起初,不管站在哪里,每个人都尽力把球扔到球篮中。“传!传!” Nai- smith不断地大声叫喊,吹哨来阻止兴奋的球员。blow与句子主语构成主动关系,所以用现在分 词构成现在分词短语作状语。,7.(2017四川凉山州高中毕业班二检,68)The sub health condition, found in most cases among those groups of people, will have bad effects on China's long-term development and progress un- less (deal)with timely and properly.,答案 dealt 句意:除非得到及时恰当的处理,否则在那些人群中的大部分病例中发现的亚健 康状况将会对中国长期的发展和进步产生不良的影响。deal with与句子的主语The sub health condition为被动关系,故使用过去分词。,8.(2017四川凉山州高中毕业班二检,70) A health expert said China should race against time, (seek) measures to solve the problem.,答案 seeking 句意:一位健康专家说中国应该同时间赛跑,寻求解决问题的措施。seek与其 逻辑主语构成主动关系,故使用现在分词构成现在分词短语作状语。,9.(2017贵州遵义航天高级中学高三第五次模拟,64) (catch) by surprise, the other passen- gers all shouted in panic.,答案 Caught 句意:由于突然遭受意外,其他乘客都恐慌地喊起来。考查非谓语动词。catch 与句子主语the other passengers为被动关系,故用过去分词构成过去分词短语作状语。,考点二 非谓语动词作定语 1.(2018四川龙泉中学高三二诊,61)Reading classic literature (write)by native speakers of English can improve your English language skills in several ways.,答案 written 句意:阅读以英语为母语的人写的经典文学作品能够在几个方面提高你的英 语语言技能。动词write与名词classic literature为被动关系,故使用过去分词作后置定语。,2.(2018四川雅安高三下学期三诊,66)Hawking suffered from ALS(amyotrophic lateral sclerosis), a neurodegenerative disease commonly (know)as Lou Gehrig's Disease, which is usually fatal within a few years.,答案 known 句意:霍金深受肌萎缩侧索硬化之痛,它是一种神经退化疾病,俗称卢·格里克 病,通常在几年之内就致人死亡。动词know与a neurodegenerative disease为被动关系,故使用 过去分词作后置定语。,3.(2018四川雅安高三下学期三诊,69)Besides personal ambition, he was motivated by the desire (increase)public interest in spaceflight and to show the potential of people with disabilities.,答案 to increase 句意:除了个人的抱负,他还被增加公众对太空飞行的兴趣和展示残疾人 的潜力的愿望所鼓舞。作aim、goal、desire、plan、dream等名词的定语时常用不定式,故答 案为to increase。此外,本题也可以根据and连接平行结构和to show的提示确定答案。,4.(2018贵州凯里一中高三三模,42)Recently, a new study (conduct)by the Children's Re- search Center has found that if children start school at a later time, their daytime thinking may im- prove.,答案 conducted 句意:最近,一项由儿童研究中心实施的一项新的研究已经发现如果儿童晚 一点去上学,他们在白天的思维能力可能会提高。动词conduct与名词study为被动关系,故使 用过去分词作后置定语。,5.(2018广西陆川高三3月月考,65)In fact, according to The Telegraph, museums and galleries were the most (visit)attractions in Britain last year.,答案 visited 句意:事实上,根据《电讯报》的调查,去年在英国,博物馆和画廊是被参观频率 最高的地方。动词visit与attractions构成被动关系,故使用过去分词作定语。,6.(2018四川成都高三二诊,61)Everyone (live)here seems to love it, and trying it should be a fixed part of everyone's culinary tour of Sichuan.,答案 living 句意:住在这儿的每个人似乎都喜欢它,而且品尝它可能是每个人的四川美食之 旅的一个固定的部分。动词live与everyone为主动关系,故使用现在分词作后置定语。,7.(2017云南昆明高三下学期第二次统测,42) Do you drink enough water every day?Many kids don't according to a new study (publish) in an American journal.,答案 published 句意:你每天饮用足够的水吗?根据发表在一份美国杂志中的一项新的研 究,很多孩子喝水不足。publish与被修饰的名词study为被动关系,故使用过去分词作后置定 语。,8.(2017四川成都九校高三期中联考,70) Indeed, travelling around this country will truly give you an amazing experience because of its interesting things (offer) to all types of tourists.,答案 offered 句意:实际上,由于提供给各种类型的游客有意思的东西,环游这个国家将会真 正给你一种令人惊异的体验。考查非谓语动词。此处offer与things为被动关系,故使用过去分 词作后置定语。,考点三 非谓语动词作宾语、补语、主语、表语 1.(2018广西陆川高三3月月考,70)So, whether you're an art lover or just looking for a fun time, you're sure (find)inspiration in London.,答案 to find 句意:因此,无论你是一位艺术爱好者,还是仅仅在寻找快乐的时光,你一定会在 伦敦找到灵感。本题考查不定式作宾语。be sure to do sth. 一定会做某事。,2.(2018云南昆明一中高三第七次月考,46)After (treat)at a hospital in Birmingham, Eng- land, she continued her education in the city and then went on to win the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize.,答案 being treated 句意:在英格兰伯明翰的一家医院接受治疗后,她继续在这座城市学习, 然后在2014年获得了诺贝尔和平奖。本题考查动名词作宾语。介词after后面须接动名词作 宾语,treat与逻辑主语she构成被动关系,故答案为being treated。,3.(2018广西南宁高三2月月考,70)But the movement didn't seem (work)very well, espe- cially among young people.,答案 to work 句意:但是这项运动看上去效果不佳,尤其是在年轻人中间。本题考查不定式 作表语。seem to do sth.似乎/看上去做某事。,4.(2018云南民族大学附中高三3月月考,67)Here's how (keep)away from my phone for 48 hours changed me and my way of life.,答案 keeping 句意:这就是远离手机48小时如何改变了我和我的生活方式的。本题考查动 名词作主语。空格处位于主语的位置,故使用动名词作主语。,5.(2018云南曲靖一中高考复习检测七,47)“Suspended coffee” has increased in popularity since the Second World War and has become an international internet sensation, with coffee shops in Europe and North America (join)in the movement.,答案 joining 句意:自从第二次世界大战以来,“待用咖啡”已经变得越来越流行。随着欧 洲和北美的咖啡店加入这项活动,它在国际互联网上已名声大噪。本题考查现在分词作宾语 补足语。动词join与with的宾语coffee shops构成主动关系,故使用现在分词作宾补。,6.(2018四川双流中学高三4月月考,62)12th-grade students, who are about 17 or 18 years old, look forward to (attend)this event.,答案 attending 句意:大约17岁或18岁大的十二年级的学生期待参加这项活动。本题考查 动名词作宾语。look forward to doing sth. 期待做某事。,7.(2018四川双流中学高三4月月考,66)Another tradition is to have their photographs (take).,答案 taken 句意:另外一项传统是给他们拍照。本题考查过去分词作宾补。动词take与 photographs为被动关系,故使用过去分词作宾语补足语。,8.(2018四川成都外国语高三下学期3月月考,68)In Shanxi, people get their hair (cut)in a symbolic move to remove the old and embrace the new.,答案 cut 句意:在山西,人们以理发这一象征性的方式来辞旧迎新。本题考查非谓语动词作 宾补。动词cut与名词hair为被动关系,故使用过去分词作宾语补足语。,9.(2018西藏拉萨高三第五次月考,70)The Belt and Road Initiative is a systematic project, whose goal is (meet)the interests of all, and efforts should be made to combine the development strategies of the countries along the Belt and Road.,答案 to meet 句意:“一带一路倡议”是一项系统工程,它的目标是满足所有国家的利益,努 力将一带一路沿线国家的发展战略结合起来。aim、goal、desire、plan、dream等名词作主 语时,常用不定式作表语,故答案为to meet。,10.(2017四川石室中学二诊,68) Alfred succeeded in (solve) the problem.,答案 solving 句意:艾尔弗雷德成功地解决了这个问题。介词in后接动名词作宾语。,11.(2017四川成都龙泉中学高三4月月考,65)So when my friends invited me (go) for a long weekend camping without the cell service, I thought this was exactly what I needed.,答案 to go 句意:因此,当我的朋友邀请我参加一个没有电话服务的一个长长的周末野营时, 我想这正是我需要的。本题考查invite sb. to do sth.,其中不定式作宾语补足语。,12.(2017云南昆明高三下学期第二次统测,49) If we can focus on encouraging kids (drink) more water, we can improve their drinking habits, which may allow many kids to feel greater throughout the day and do better in school.,答案 to drink 此处是encourage sb. to do sth.结构,不定式作宾语补足语。,13.(2017四川乐山高三3月一调,70)It was several years before someone came up with the idea of removing the bottom of the basket and letting the ball (fall) through.,答案 fall 句意:过了几年的时间才有人想到去掉篮子的底部让球从中落下来。本题考查let +宾语+do结构,用省略to的不定式作宾语补足语。,14.(2017广西南宁高三二模,61)Salt is a must-have seasoning(调味品)in our homes. But (have)too much of it may cause health problems.,答案 having 句意:在我们家里食盐是一种必备的调味品。但是摄入食盐过多可能会造成 健康问题。设空处在句中作主语,故使用动名词形式。,15.(2017广西桂林、崇左联考调研,63) It is difficult for parents of nearly every family to teach their children to be responsible for housework, but with one of the following suggestions, you real- ly can get your children (help) at home.,答案 to help get sb. to do sth.意为“让某人做某事”,此处是动词不定式作补语。,16.(2017广西桂林、崇左联考调研,69) Learning is a process of trying and (fail)and trying and succeeding.,答案 failing 句意:学习是一个尝试、失败,再尝试,最后取得成功的过程。设空处与trying构 成平行结构,故使用动名词作介词of的宾语。,17.(2017贵州凯里一中高三下学期高考适应性月考卷五,59)After a month's (train), she felt more confident that she would be able to deal with the situation. 答案 training 句意:经过一个月的培训,她对自己能应对这种局面感到更加自信了。作介词 after的宾语应用train的动名词形式。,B组 2016—2018年高考模拟·单句改错 时间:12分钟 分值:20分,1.(2018四川成都七中高三诊)Take a part-time job is a good form of social practice.,答案 Take→Taking 句意:做一份兼职工作是一种很好的社会实践形式。Take位于主语的 位置,故使用动名词形式。,2.(2018云南毕业班高三统一检测)A teacher set up a volleyball club in our school, hope that more students would join in the sport.,答案 hope→hoping 句意:一位老师在我们学校组建了排球俱乐部,希望更多的学生加入这 项运动。hope与A teacher为主动关系,故使用现在分词作伴随状语。,3.(2018四川成都高三二诊)There was a picture attaching to an e-mail.,答案 attaching→attached 句意:电子邮件里附着一张图片。动词attach与picture构成被动关 系,故使用过去分词作后置定语。,4.(2018四川龙泉中学高三二诊)We should not leave the tap water run or waste any materials in the laboratory class.,答案 run→running 句意:我们不该让自来水一直流淌,也不该在实验课上浪费任何材料。 run与the tap water为主动关系,且此处表示动作正在进行,故使用现在分词作宾语补足语。,5.(2018四川德阳高三二诊)Seen me, he waved something:It was my cap.,答案 Seen→Seeing 句意:看到我,他挥舞了一件东西:那是我的帽子。see与逻辑主语he为主 动关系,故使用现在分词作状语。,6.(2018贵州贵阳一中高三3月月考)Some shy students do have great ideas and understanding, but they are not used to volunteer to speak.,答案 volunteer→volunteering 句意:一些害羞的学生的确有一些很好的想法和意见,但是他 们不习惯主动说出来。be used to doing sth.习惯做某事,to为介词,后接动名词作宾语。,7.(2018广西桂林高三模拟)I spent so much time fool around that my grades began to fall.,答案 fool→fooling 句意:我花了很多时间闲耍,结果成绩开始下滑。本题考查动名词作宾 语。spend some time doing sth. 花费时间做某事。,8.(2018广西桂林高三模拟)I finally realized that something necessary had to done.,答案 to后加be 句意:最后我明白了某些必要的事情必须被做。动词do与something为被动 关系,故使用不定式的被动形式。have to be done 必须被做。,9.(2018四川绵阳高三三诊)Felt quite sorry for that, I began to think about what to do to help.,答案 Felt→Feeling 句意:对此我感到很遗憾,开始思考做点有帮助的事情。动词feel与逻辑 主语I为主动关系,故使用现在分词作状语。,10.(2018四川绵阳高三三诊)Last Sunday, when my parents went out shopping, I suddenly got an idea:why not to give the rooms thorough cleaning?,答案 去掉not后的to 句意:上周日,当我的父母外出购物的时候,我突然有一个想法:为什么 不彻底清理一下房间呢?本题考查why not do sth.?这一固定句型,意为为什么不做某事呢?,11.(2018贵州黔东高三一模)I still remember the day when you first came into our classroom smiled and showed us your wonderful dance.,答案 smiled→smiling 句意:我仍然记得你第一次面带笑容来到我们的教室并表演了优美 的舞蹈的那一天。smile与逻辑主语you为主动关系,故使用现在分词作伴随状语。,12.(2017四川双流中学高三二诊)I had no choice but prepare for it, though.,答案 prepare前加to 本题考查固定句型:have no choice but to do sth.,意为“别无选择,只得 做某事”。,13.(2017四川成都龙泉中学高三4月月考)So glad that you are interested in my new flat. Now I would like tell you something about it.,答案 tell前加to 句意:很高兴你喜欢我的新公寓。现在我想告诉你一下它的情况。本题考 查常用结构:would like to do sth.,意为“想要做某事”。,14.(2017云南曲靖一中高三第六次月考)Instead of scold me, Mother gave me a book and asked me to read it.,答案 scold→scolding 句意:妈妈没有责骂我,而是给了我一本书并让我阅读它。介词短语 instead of后面应接动名词作宾语。,15.(2017四川凉山州高中毕业班二检)At that time, there were no hunting laws protect endan- gered species as they are now.,答案 laws后加to 句意:那时,没有像现在这样的狩猎法来保护濒危物种。因为laws前有no 修饰,应用不定式作定语,故在protect前加to。,16.(2017贵州高三下学期适应性考试)Susan cried, said, “Dad, it isn't empty. I blew kisses into it until it was all full.”,答案 said→saying或者在said前加and 句意:苏珊哭着说,“爸爸,它不是空的。我在里面吹 满了吻。”题干中的said与主语Susan构成主动关系,应用现在分词作伴随状语,此处也可在 said前加and构成并列谓语。,17.(2016四川成都七中二诊)Besides, the parking fee is raised in the downtown, which helps to reduce the number of cars come in and out.,答案 come→coming 本题考查非谓语动词作定语。cars后的内容作定语,表示“进进出出 的车辆”,come与cars为逻辑上的主动关系,故用现在分词。,18.(2016四川成都七中二诊)Last Friday,I was standing near a subway exit, tried to call a taxi.,答案 tried→trying或者tried前加and try与I是逻辑上的主动关系,故用现在分词作状语。可 以改成并列谓语,故加并列连词and也可。,19.(2016四川适应性测试)I get annoying when people are late for meetings or talk loudly on their phones in public.,答案 annoying→annoyed 本题考查非谓语动词作表语。表示人“感到……”用过去分 词。,20.(2016四川成都七中二模)Upon your arrival, there will be a party for you organizing by my classmates. 答案 organizing→organized 本题考查非谓语动词作定语。organize与被修饰词party是逻辑 上的被动关系,故用过去分词。,Passage 1(用所给动词的适当形式填空) Do you like 1 (travel)? 2 (stay) healthy while 3 (travel) can help to ensure your trip is a happy and enjoyable one. Here are the tips you need 4 (make) your trip much easier. Make sure you have got a 5 (sign) passport and visa. Also, before you go, fill in the emergency information page of your passport! Make two copies of your passport identification page. This will help a lot if your passport is 6 (steal). Leave one copy at home with friends or relatives. Carry the other with you in a separate place from your passport. Read the public announcements or travel warnings for the countries you plan 7 (visit). Get yourself 8 (inform) of local laws and customs of the countries to which you are travelling. Leave a copy of your itinerary(旅行日程) with family or friends at home so that you can be con- tacted in case of an emergency.,C组 2016—2018年高考模拟·综合题组,Do not accept packages 9 (give) to you by strangers. Do not carry too much money or unnec- essary credit cards. If you make enough preparations you will succeed in 10 (travel). Have a good time!,答案 [语篇解读] 本文为说明文,给要去国外旅行的人提供了一些建议,以保障旅行安全,提高旅行 舒适度。 1.travelling 句意:你喜欢旅行吗?本题考查非谓语动词作宾语。like后接动名词表示习惯性的 行为。也可接不定式,只是不定式表示具体的动作,尤其是某一次的行为,故这里用动名词更合 适。 2.Staying 句意:在旅行的时候保持健康能有助于确保你的旅行快乐、有趣。本题考查非谓 语动词作主语。用动名词作主语多表示抽象的动作。 3.travelling 本题考查非谓语动词。此处省略了主语和be动词,应使用travelling。,4.to make 句意:这里有你需要的提示来使你的旅途更舒适。本题考查非谓语动词作目的状 语。此处缺目的状语,用不定式充当。 5.signed 句意:确保你已经拿到签好了的护照和签证。本题考查非谓语动词作定语。sign和 passport是逻辑上的被动关系,故用过去分词。 6.stolen 句意:如果你的护照被偷了,这会很管用。本题考查非谓语动词作表语。此处为过去 分词作表语。 7.to visit 本题考查非谓语动词作宾语。plan to do sth.计划做某事。 8.informed 句意:使自己了解要去的国家的当地法律和习俗。本题考查非谓语动词作宾补。 get+宾语+done使……被做,宾语和宾补为逻辑上的被动关系。,9.given 句意:不要接受陌生人给你的包裹。本题考查非谓语动词作定语。give与packages是 逻辑上的被动关系,故用过去分词。 10.travelling succeed in doing sth.成功做成某事。此处应用动名词作介词in的宾语。,Passage 2(用所给动词的适当形式填空) Good afternoon,my dear friends. My name is Li Jin.Today I'm very glad 1 (have)the chance 2 (run) for vice president of the English Club.Concerning the position,I feel qualified 3 (take) the job.First,I have gained a lot of experience in management and have won wide praise from my classmates for my job as a monitor.Second,I'm a warm-hearted boy and always ready to help others.Third,I am good at 4 (organize) all kinds of activities and have successfully held a number of English corners. 5 (look) ahead,I will try my best 6 (assist) the president and serve my fellow students if I am lucky enough 7 (vote)vice president.On the one hand,I will organize some campus activi- ties and create a platform where students can show their English skills and learn from each other. And I will also invite some famous professors 8 (give) lectures to us students so that we can acquire a lot of knowledge.On the other hand,I will organize more activities 9 (enhance)the communication between schools.We can compete with students from other universities in debate,contests or speech contests.Moreover,I will open more channels for you 10 (voice)your opin- ions. I sincerely hope that you will give me a chance,and I promise you that I will be a good vice presi- dent. Thank you.,答案 [语篇解读] 本文为李津竞选英语俱乐部副主席的竞选演讲。,1.to have 考查非谓语动词。be glad to do sth.很高兴做某事。 2.to run the chance to do sth.做某事的机会,其中不定式作定语。 3.to take feel qualified to do sth.觉得有资格做某事。 4.organizing 介词后用动名词作宾语。be good at sth./doing sth.擅长(做)某事。 5.Looking 此处应用现在分词作状语。look ahead展望未来。 6.to assist try one's best to do sth.尽某人最大的努力做某事。 7.to be voted be+adj.+enough to do sth.足够……能做某事,其中不定式作结果状语,又因为I与 vote 之间是被动关系,故用不定式的被动形式。 8.to give 考查非谓语动词作宾补。invite sb.to do sth.邀请某人做某事。 9.to enhance 此处应用不定式作目的状语。 10.to voice 此处用不定式作目的状语。,
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本文标题:2019版高考英语一轮复习(课标3卷B版)课件:专题五 非谓语动词.ppt
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