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2016广州英语中考阅读理解复习资料名人传记.doc

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2016 广州 英语 中考 阅读 理解 复习资料 名人 传记
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初三期末复习阅读理解 名人传记 姓名___________ (1)Shirley Jane Temple was the leading child actor of her time, receiving a special Oscar and acting the leading role in films like Bright Eyes and Heidi.Shirley Jane Temple was born on April 23, 1928, in Santa Monica, California. When Temple was just 3 years old, she began her first low-budget movie Baby Burlesques. Temple’s mother was aware of her girl’s talents by enrolling her in dance classes at the age of 3, so her father became her agent and financial adviser.When the cute actress was 6 years old, she appeared in her first Hollywood film, Carolina. With Fox Film Corporation, Temple made an additional 8 films. The little actress, singer and dancer with the dancing golden curls became a top earner for the studio.In 1934, she became a world-famous star in Bright Eyes, which was designed especially for her talents. The young performer showed many wonderful pictures during 1934. She received a special Children Academy Award in February 1935 for her outstanding contribution. President Franklin D. Roosevelt called Temple “Little Miss Miracle” for raising the public’s confidence during times of economic hardship. He even said, “As long as our country has Shirley Temple, we will be all right.” By 1940, Temple had 43 films under her early acting career. After Temple grew up, she made guest appearances on television shows in the early 1960s and filmed a Comedy that was never released. Temple acted 46 films in her whole life. In 1969, her life got a great change——she began her diplomatic(外交的) career and worked successfully till her late life. During her political career, Temple had visited China in April, 1977. In 1988, she published her autobiography, a book about her life, Child Star.Shirley Temple died of natural causes on February 10, 2014, at her home near San Francisco California. She was 85 years old.Following her death, Temple’s family and friends published a statement that read, “We pay her respects for a life of remarkable achievements as an actor, as a diplomat, and most importantly as our beloved mother, grandmother, great-grandmother, and adored wife of 55 years.”( )56. How did Temple’s parents help her step into the entertainment world? A. Temple’s mother discovered her talents. B. Temple’s mother taught her how to dance. C. Temple’s father took charge of all her life. D. Temple’s father took away all her money.( )57. How many films has Temple completed by the age of 12? A. 8 B. 43 C. 46 D. 85 ( )58. Which film was especially made to show Temple’s talents? A. Bright Eyes B. HeidiC. Baby BurlesquesD. Carolina ( )59. Why did the President call Temple “Little Miss Miracle”? A. Because Temple was an adorable child star. B. Because Temple gave hopes to people in difficult times. C. Because Temple had great achievement in her acting life. D. Because Temple was a very successful diplomat for the country. ( )60. According to the passage, in what order did these events take place in Temple’s life? a. Temple died of natural causes. b. Temple became a diplomat for her country. c. Temple visited China during her political career. d. Temple published her autobiography, Child Star. e. Temple made her first acting in a series of low-budget movies. f. At the age of six, Temple became well-known for her successful acting. A. f, e, c, d, b, a B. e, f, b, d, c, a C. e, f, b, c, d, a D. f, e, d, b, c, a 2Most people know that Marie Curie was the first woman to win the Nobel Prize, and the first person to win it twice. However, few people know that she was also the mother of a Nobel Prize winner.Born in September, 1897, Irene Curie was the first of the Curies’ two daughters. Along with nine other children whose parents were also famous scholars, Irene studied in their own school, and her mother was one of the teachers. She finished her high school education at the College of Sévigné in Paris.Irene entered the University of Paris in 1914 to prepare for a degree in mathematics and physics. When World War I began, Irene went to help her mother, who was using X-ray facilities to help save the lives of injured soldiers. Irene continued the work by developing X-ray facilities in military(军事的) hospitals in France and Belgium. Her services were recognized in the form of a Military’s Medal by the French government. In 1918, Irene became her mother’s assistant at the Curie Institute. In December 1924, Frederic Joliot joined the Institute, and Irene taught him the technology required for his work. They soon fell in love and were married in 1926. Their daughter Helene was born in 1927 and their son Pierre five years later.Like her mother, Irene linked family with career. Like her mother, Irene was awarded a Nobel Prize, along with her husband, in 1935. Unfortunately, also like her mother, she developed leukemia(白血病) because of her work with radioactivity(辐射能). Irene Joliot-Curie died from leukemia on March 17, 1956.( )56. Why was Irene Curie awarded a Military Medal?A. Because she received a degree in mathematics. B. Because she contributed to saving the injured.C. Because she won the Nobel Prize with Frederic. D. Because she worked as a helper to her mother.( )57. The underlined word “facilities” (Paragraph 3 ) means _______.A. science B. technology C. activity D. equipment ( )58. When was the second child of Irene Curie and Frederic Joliot born?A. In 1932. B. In 1927. C. In 1897. D. In 1926.( )59. In which of the following aspects was Irene Curie different from her mother?A. Irene worked with radioactivity. B. Irene linked family with career.C. Irene won the Nobel Prize once D. Irene died from leukemia.( )60. In what order did the following take place in the passage? a. Irene entered the University of Paris. b. Irene was awarded a Nobel Prize. c. Frederic Joliot got married to Irene. d. Marie Curie gave birth to Irene Curie. e. Irene worked at the Curie Institute.A. b, c, e, d, a B. d, a, e, c, b C. d, e, c, b, a D. b, a, c, e, d3Harry Houdini was an expert on magic and escape tricks, Houdini’s real name was Ehrich Weiss. Born in Hungary in 1874, he came to America as a baby. In America, people called him Harry. When he was a teenager, Harry worked as an assistant tie cutter. In his free time, he learned magic tricks. He read a book by Robert Houdin, a great magician. This book had a great effect on him. Harry admired Houdin so much that he changed his name to Houdini. Then, at 17, he quit his job and became a full-time magician. He performed in circuses and small shows. He wasn’t very successful until he met Martin Beck, a famous producer. Beck told Houdini to focus on doing escape tricks. Soon Houdini was a huge success. And his most famous trick was the Water-Torture Cell.To advertise his act, Houdini performed escapes from many public places. For example, in 1906 he went to a jail. He was handcuffed and his legs were put in irons. He was then locked up in a small room. Minutes later he escaped.Houdini was a wonderful magician. In his best-known act, he swallowed two packages of needles and some thread(线). After drinking some water, he opened his mouth. Evenly threaded needles came out. No wonder he was called the Great Houdini!51. Who helped Houdini to become a successful magician?A. Ehrich Weiss B. Robert Houdini C. His friends D. Martin Beck 52. What is the meaning of the underlined word “quit” in paragraph 2? A. gave up B. kept on C. stuck to D. complained about 53. Houdini became successful because ________. A. he was very lucky. B. Beck gave him much money.C. he worked hard and gained help from others. D. he performed escapes from many public places.54. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. Harry Houdini was born and grew up in Hungary. B. His most famous trick was the Water-Torture Cell. C. He failed to escape from a small room in 1906. D. In his best-known act, he truly swallowed some needles and thread.55. In what order did these events take place in Houdini’s life? a. He met a famous producer called Martin Beck. b. He worked as an assistant tie cutter. c. He escaped from a jail successfully d. When he was a little boy, he came to America. e. He changed his name to Houdini. A. d–b–a–e–c B. d–b–e–a–c C. e–a–b–d–c D. e–b–d–a–c4 Audrey Hepburn won an Academy Award as Best Actress for her first major American movie, Roman Holiday, which was released in 1953. But she is remembered as much for her aid work as for her acting.Born in Belgium in 1929, Audrey’s father was British and her mother was Dutch. Audrey was sent to live at a British school for part of her childhood. During World War Ⅱ, she lived and studied in the Netherlands. Her mother thought it would be safe from German attacks. Audrey studied dance as a teenager and during college when she returned to London after the war. But she realized she was not going to be a ballerina(芭蕾舞女演员). So she began taking acting parts in stage shows. Later she began to get small parts in movies.But it was Audrey Hepburn’s move to America that made her famous. In 1951 she played the character “Gigi” in the Broadway play of the same name to great critical praise. Two years later, Roman Holiday made her a star at the age of 24. Audrey made more than 25 movies. Among her most popular roles was Holly Golightly in Breakfast at Tiffany’s in 1961. Three years later she played Eliza Doolittle in My Fair Lady. She was married twice and had one son by each husband. In 1989, the UN Children’s Fund named Audrey a goodwill ambassador(亲善大使). She traveled all over the world in support of UNICEF(联合国儿童基金会) projects. She often gave 15 interviews a day to gain money and support for UNICEF projects.Audrey Hepburn often said her loyalty to UNICEF was the result of her experiences as a child during World War Ⅱ. She said she knew what it was like to be starving and to be saved by international aid. She was a goodwill ambassador until her death in 1993 from colon cancer.51. In paragraph 1, “her aid work” refers to __________. A. winning an Academy Award as Best Actress B. acting as a goodwill ambassador for UNICEF C. taking acting parts in stage shows D. making her own movies 52. Why did Audrey live and study in the Netherlands? A. Because she wanted to be a ballerina. B. Because it was safe there. C. Because the schooling there was excellent. D. Because her parents were from Britain.53. We can infer from the passage that __________. A. Roman Holiday made her a star when she was 24B. Audrey lived in London during World War Ⅱ C. Audrey was made to give up dancing D. Audrey played Eliza Doolittle in My Fair Lady in 196654. Which is NOT mentioned in the passage about Audrey Hepburn? A. Marriage. B. Education. C. Religion. D. Contribution.55. In what order did the following take place in Audrey Hepburn’s life? a. The first time she began to play in movies. b. She returned to London from the Netherlands. c. She won an Academy Award as Best Actress. d. She traveled all over the world in support of UNICEF projects. e. She played a part in My Fair Lady. A. c – d – a – b – e B. b – a – c – e – d C. c – b – a – e – d D. b – d – a – c – e5Christopher Columbus, who is one of several historical persons regarded as the first European to discover the Americas, was born in 1451 in Italy. His father was a wool businessman. When he was young, Columbus loved sailing adventure very much. When he was 26 years old, he began to make business voyages (航海). The farthest countries he reached were Iceland and Guinea.At that time, many European countries became stronger and stronger. Their ships reached Africa and Asia. They got gold, silver, silk, tea and other things from the countries of Asia. The book The Travels of Marco Polo greatly influenced him, in which China and India were written perfectly. Columbus wanted to make another way to these two countries. Since he didn’t have enough money, he asked some countries for help, for example, Portugal, Spain, the UK and France. He told the leaders the earth was round and if they helped him, he could easily got to China. Nobody believed his words and he was regarded as a cheat. Of course he didn’t succeed. It was not until 1492 that his dream came true. The queen of Spain persuaded the King to support Columbus. On August 2, 1492, Columbus left Spain and began his voyage. He had three ships. After two months’ hard sailing, on October 12, they got to an island in the Bahamas. On October 29, they reached Cuba. But a few days later, one of his ships left them. And on December 25, his flagship sunk. Luckily, the ship that left them joined him again. They went back to Lisbon on March 4, 1493.Although they didn’t get to rich Asian countries and took back wealth, they found a new place that nobody had gone to. Columbus thought it was India and called the islands the West Indias.From 1493 to 1504, he sailed to America three times. He reached most of the coast of southern America and set up many colonies (殖民地).On May 20,1506, Columbus died because of disease.51. What was Columbus’ dream according to the passage?A. To be a rich man. B. To reach Africa and Asia.C. To make another way to China and India. D. To get gold, silver, silk, tea and other things.52. How long does it take Columbus to take his voyage from Spain to Lisbon? A. 2 months.         B. 8 months.           C. 11 years. D. 26 years.53. In what order did the following take place in Columbus’ life?a. He sailed to America three times.b. In 1477, he began to make business voyages.c. He began his voyage with the help of the queen of Spain.d. He found a new place that nobody had gone to.e. He tried to get support from some countries.A. b-e-d-a-c B. b-e-c-d-a C. c-b -e-a-d D. c-d-e-a-b54. What is the best title of the passage? A. Columbus and his voyages. B. How Columbus found India. C. Columbus loved sailing adventure. D. How Columbus got the sailing support.第一篇 56-60 ABABC 第二篇 56-60 BDACB 第三篇 (B) 51~55: DACBB第四篇 51~55 B B A C B第五篇 51---54: CBBA
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