• / 20
  • 下载费用:8 金币  

2016年广东省深圳市中考英语试卷含答案解析.doc

关 键 词:
2016 广东省 深圳市 中考 英语 试卷 答案 解析
资源描述:
2016年广东省深圳市中考英语试卷参考答案与试题解析 第一部分选择题(60分)I.词汇测试(15分)i.从下面每小题的A、B、C三个选项中选出可以替换划线部分的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将相应的字母编号涂黑.(2016深圳)﹣After leaving school,I think I'll miss my teachers.﹣Me,too.All the teachers are sofriendly.If I have time.I'll come back to see them.(  )A.nice and kind B.good and excitedC.glad and lucky【分析】﹣离开学校之后,我很想念我的老师们.﹣我也是.所有的老师都很友好.如果我有时间,我会回去看他们的.【解答】答案:A 解析:本题考查的是friendly的意思.friendly adj.友好的;亲切的;融洽的,和睦的.A.友好的,善良的 B.好的,兴奋的 C.高兴的,幸运的,A和friendly的意义最接近.故选A【点评】本题考查的是friendly的意思.friendly adj.友好的;亲切的;融洽的,和睦的 2.(1分)(2016深圳)﹣The library near our school isn't open in the evening,so we can go thereduring the day.No problem,I'll go with you tomorrow.(  )A.day after day B.in the daytimeC.all the time【分析】﹣我们学校附近的那个图书馆晚上不开门,所以我们可以在白天过去.﹣没问题,我明天和你去.【解答】答案:B解析:本题前面说图书馆晚上不开门,所以只能白天过去,就要选择意思是白天的选项.A.day after day 日复一日 B.in the daytime 在白天 C.all the time 一直,只有B符合题意,故选B【点评】本题考察了选项词语的意思,应当结合前文理解本题的意思,选择合适的选项. 3.(1分)(2016深圳)﹣Mr.White,could you give me someadvice?I have trouble in learning English.﹣Sure.First,you should be confident and never give up.Second,…(  )A.introductions B.suggestionsC.instructions【分析】﹣﹣怀特先生,你能给我一些建议吗?我学英语有困难.﹣﹣当然,首先,你应当有信心,永远不要放弃.其次,…【解答】答案:B.首先明确选项中名词的意思,A:介绍/引进;B:建议;C:说明; 根据原句中的advice"建议"一词判断 选项B符合答案,注意suggestion是可数名词而advice是不可数名词,故答案为B.【点评】了解每个选项的含义是做好此类题型的关键,还要从句意着手,根据句意作出解答;所以,平时的学习中要多进行积累词汇,才能很好的完成. 4.(1分)(2016深圳)﹣How did your classraisemoney for the poor old man in hospital?﹣We organized a book fair on the playground and sold some books and CDs.(  )A.collect B.put up C.spend【分析】﹣你们班是怎样给住院的贫穷老人筹集资金的?﹣我们在操场上组织了一个书展,卖一些书和CD.【解答】答案:A根据各个选项的意思collect"收集;募捐";put up",举起,张贴";spend"花费"结合下文意思We organized a book fair on the playground and sold some books and CDs"我们在操场上组织了一个书籍展,卖一些书和CD"可推知为住院的贫穷老人筹集、募捐资金,即raise意为"筹集"选项中collect可表达类似意思,故选A【点评】首先根据语境,理解划线单词的意思,再细读选项中三个动词的不同含义,然后捕捉到解题线索即可选出正确答案 5.(1分)(2016深圳)﹣A little giraffe has come to Shenzhen Safari Park.Shall we go and watch it?﹣Good idea!Let's go theretogethernext Sunday.(  )A.one by one B.with each otherC.in our spare time【分析】﹣﹣一只小长颈鹿来到了深圳野生动物园,我们去看看好吗?﹣﹣好主意!让我们下个周日一起去那里.【解答】答案:B.首先明确选项中短语的意思,A:依次;B:和彼此一起;C:在我们的空闲时间; 原句中用的together的意思是"一起",由此判断选项中with each other符合句意,故答案为B.【点评】了解每个选项的含义是做好此类题型的关键,还要从句意着手,根据句意作出解答;所以,平时的学习中要多进行积累词汇,才能很好的完成. 6.(1分)(2016深圳)﹣My mum is ill.I have to stay at home andlook afterher.﹣I'm sorry to hear that.I hope she can get better soon.(  )A.look at B.look for C.care for【分析】﹣妈妈病了.我不得不待在家里照顾她.﹣我听到这件事很难过.我希望她能很快好起来.【解答】答案:C根据上文My mum is ill.I have to stay at home…"妈妈病了.我不得不待在家里…"可推知在句中look after意思是"照顾"结合各个选项的意思look at"看.."look for"寻找";care for"照顾,照料",故选C【点评】首先根据语境,判断出划线动词短语的意思再细读选项中其他三个动词短语的不同含义,捕捉到解题线索即可选出正确答案 7.(1分)(2016深圳)﹣Excuse me,could you please tell me the way to the Book City?﹣OK.Walk along this street till you reach the Children's Palace.The Book City isoppositeit.(  )A.on the other side of B.in front ofC.next to【分析】﹣打扰了,你能告诉我去书城的路吗?﹣可以.沿着这条街走一直到达少年宫.书城就在它的对面.【解答】答案:A根据划线单词opposite的意思为"在…的对面",结合各个选项的意思on the other side of"在…的另一边";in front of"在…的前面";next to"紧挨着…"可知on the other side of的意思与opposite的意思相近,故选A【点评】首先根据语境,正确理解划线单词的意思,细读选项中其他词的不同含义,然后通过题干中的已供信息,捕捉到解题线索即可选出正确答案 8.(1分)(2016深圳)﹣Good news!Metro Line 11will be open on June 30in our city.﹣Great!It will make our livesmore convenient.(  )A.richer B.easier C.faster【分析】﹣﹣﹣好消息!地铁11号线在我们城市6月30日开放.﹣﹣﹣好极了!它将使我们的生活更方便.【解答】答案:B richer更富有的,easier更容易的,更方便的,faster更快的.根据句意可知:地铁11号线将使我们生活更方便.考查more convenient的同义词,即easier,故选:B.【点评】考查同义词,理解句子的意思,结合所给选项的意思,选择合适的同义词. 9.(1分)(2016深圳)A_______is a person who is in someone's home by invitation,for a short time,as for a meal,or to stay one or more nights.(  )A.boss B.customer C.guest【分析】客人就是被邀请到某人家里,呆很短的时间,吃一顿饭或呆上一个或几个晚上.【解答】答案:Cboss老板;customer顾客;guest客人;根据a person who is in someone's home by invitation可知是客人,故选C.【点评】本题考查名词词义辨析,先弄清所给词的词义,再根据情景选择正确答案. 10.(1分)(2016深圳)The Dragon Boat Festival is an important day in our country.On that day we can have some_______food like"Zongzi".(  )A.national B.western C.traditional【分析】端午节在我们国家是重要的一天.在那一天,我们可以吃一些像粽子这样的传统食物.【解答】答案:C.首先明确选项中形容词的意思,A:民族的;B:西方的;C:传统的; 根据语境和句子中出现的食物"粽子"推测句意是"端午节在我们国家是重要的一天.在那一天,我们可以吃一些像粽子这样的传统食物.",由此判断句子中缺少"传统的"一词,故答案为C.【点评】了解每个选项的含义是做好此类题型的关键,还要从句意着手,根据句意作出解答;所以,平时的学习中要多进行积累词汇,才能很好的完成. 11.(1分)(2016深圳)﹣Miss Wang,I'm sorry I am late because I _______ to catch the early bus.﹣It doesn't matter.You'd better come to school earlier next time.(  )A.needed B.failed C.managed【分析】﹣王小姐,很抱歉我来晚了,因为我没能赶上早班车.﹣没关系.下次你最好早点来学校.【解答】答案:B 解析:根据答语﹣没关系.下次你最好早点来学校.可以知道这个学生今天迟到了.而迟到的原因是没有赶上早班车.A.needed 需要 B.failed 失败,没能 C.managed 设法,控制,只有B选项的意思是没能赶上车,又因为固定短语fail to do sth 的意思是没能做某事,故选B【点评】本题考查的是在上下文的情景里填那个单词最为合适,所以应当联系上下语句来进行解答. 12.(1分)(2016深圳)﹣It is reported that many wild animals in the world are_______because of human behavior.﹣We must do something to stop people from hunting and selling these animals.(  )A.in danger B.in public C.in silence【分析】﹣据报道,因为人类的行为,世界上很多野生动物都处在危险中.﹣我们必须做些什么来阻止人们猎杀和贩卖这些动物.【解答】答案:A 解析:根据第二句话We must do something to stop people from hunting and selling these animals﹣我们必须做些什么来阻止人们猎杀和贩卖这些动物.可知上一句中的动物都是处在危险中.A.in danger 处在危险中 B.in public 公开地,当众 C.in silence 沉默地,故选A【点评】本题较为简单,只要理解上下语句的意思,明白选项的意思,就很好解答. 13.(1分)(2016深圳)﹣This summer a lot of athletes will go to Brazil to_______the 2016Rio Olympics.﹣I love sports and I can't wait to enjoy the exciting moments.(  )A.take part in B.take pride inC.take in【分析】﹣这个夏天,很多运动员会去巴西参加2016年里约奥运会.﹣我爱运动,我等不及要享受这兴奋的时刻了.【解答】答案:A 解析:根据第一句话的2016 Rio Olympics可以判断奥运会前面应当是参加,整个语句的意思为﹣这个夏天,很多运动员会去巴西参加2016年里约奥运会.所以应当选择意思是参加的词语.A.take part in 参加 B.take pride in 以…为骄傲 C.take in接受,领会,由此可见A最符合题意,故选A【点评】本题较为简单.本题考查的是根据对句子的理解来选择合适的词语,所以要求理解语句,从而轻松解答. 14.(1分)(2016深圳)﹣What about going to see Captain America:Civil War (《美国队长3》)this Tuesday?﹣I,d love to,but I'm very busy on weekdays._______,I can go only on weekends.(  )A.For example B.Since then C.That is【分析】﹣﹣这个周二去看电影《美国队长3》怎么样?﹣﹣我想去,但是我在工作日很忙,换句话说,我只能在周末去.【解答】答案:C.首先明确选项中短语的意思,A:例如;B:从那以后;C:换句话说; 根据语境推测答语的句意是"我想去,但是我在工作日很忙,换句话说,我只能在周末去.",由此判断句子中缺少短语:换句话说,故答案为C.【点评】了解每个选项的含义是做好此类题型的关键,还要从句意着手,根据句意作出解答;所以,平时的学习中要多进行积累词汇,才能很好的完成. 15.(1分)(2016深圳)﹣I had a quarrel with my friend Jim yesterday,and now I_______it.﹣Why not go and say sorry to him at once?It's never too late to mend.(  )A.feel ashamed of B.am proud ofC.am interested in【分析】﹣昨天我和我的朋友Jim吵架了.现在我感到很羞愧.﹣为什么不马上去给他道歉呢?亡羊补牢,犹未晚也.【解答】答案:A根据各个选项的意思feel ashamed of"对…感到很羞愧";be proud of"对…感到自豪"be interested in"对…感兴趣"结合语境I had a quarrel with my friend Jim yesterday"昨天我和我的朋友Jim吵架了"Why not go and say sorry to him at once?"为什么不马上去给他道歉呢?"可知和好朋友吵架以及对方建议去道歉可推知现在应是感到羞愧,故选A【点评】首先根据语境,细读选项中三个短语的不同含义,然后通过题干中的已供信息,捕捉到解题线索即可选出正确答案 II.完形填空(15分)阅读下面短文,从短文后所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出能填入相应空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将相应的字母编号涂黑.(共1小题,每小题1.5分)16.(15分)(2016深圳)When I was ten,my mother worked all day,so I had to take care of my younger brother.At that time,my little brother was about four years old and he (16) B mum all the time.One day,after I had given him his dinner,he started crying for mum.He was so young and really needed mum.So I dressed him,put on his (17) C ,carried him on my back and walked out.Soon he fell asleep.About half an hour later,I found that lie lost a shoe while he was (18) A .I took him off my back and put him (19) A .I knew we needed to find that shoe,for our mother couldn't afford new shoes.I had to (20) C to find it,so I told my brother to wait right there.A man heard it and stopped me just (21) B I walked off.He asked me,"You are leaving your brother here to find the shoe?What will you do if he is not here when you return?"I didn't know(22) A to answer that question.He continued,"It's OK if you cant find the shoe,but it is not OK to lose your (23) C ."Then he sent us to mum's workplace by taxi.During my whole life I have received the (24) B from many strangers.I feel sorry that I can't find them and say"(25) A ".I do not even remember what their faces looked like,but they taught me a lesson﹣people are more important than things.16.A.loved B.missed C.called17.A.clothes B.coat C.shoes18.A.sleeping B.running C.walking19.A.down B.up C.on20.A.get up B.go out C.go back21.A.after B.before C.until22.A.how B.what C.when23.A.dad B.mum C.brother24 A.happiness B kindness C sadness25 A.Thank you B Never mind C You're welcome.【分析】全文大意:当我十岁时我妈妈整天工作,所以我不得不照顾我的弟弟.那时我的弟弟大约四岁,他总是想妈妈.一天,我给他喂完饭后,他开始哭着找妈妈,他太小了的确需要妈妈.所以我给他穿上衣服、穿上鞋子背着他出了门.很快他睡着了.大约半小时以后,我发现在他睡觉时丢了一只鞋.我把他从背上放下来.我知道我们必须找到那只鞋,因为妈妈买不起新鞋.我不得不回去找,我告诉弟弟就在那儿等着.一个人听到了,在我刚要走之前把我拦住了.他问我"你把弟弟留在这儿去找鞋子?如果你回来时他不在这儿你怎么办?"我不知道如何回答这个问题.他继续说道"如果你找不到鞋没关系,如果你把弟弟弄丢了就不好了."然后他用出租车把我和弟弟送到妈妈工作的地方.我一生当中收到过许多陌生人的好意,我很遗憾不能找到他们说声"谢谢."我甚至记不住他们的摸样,但他们教会我一个道理人比东西重要.【解答】答案:16、B 动词词义辨析 根据下文One day,after I had given him his dinner,he started crying for mum"一天,我给他喂完饭后,他开始哭着找妈妈"可推知上文At that time,my little brother was about four years old and he…mum all the time.那时我的弟弟大约四岁,他总是想妈妈,结合选项loved"爱"B.missed"想念"C.called"称呼",故选B17、C 名词词义辨析 结合句子So I dressed him,put on his…carried him on my back and walked out.根据空格前So I dressed him"所以我给他穿上衣服",结合选项A.clothes"衣服"; B.coat"外套"C.shoes"鞋"可推知接下来穿鞋,故选C18、A 动词词义辨析 根据上文soon he fell asleep."很快他睡着了."可推知About half an hour later,I found that lie lost a shoe while he was (18)…大约半小时以后,我发现在他睡觉时丢了一只鞋,结合选项意思A.sleeping"睡觉"B.running"跑步"C.walking"走",可知A项意思符合故选A19、A 副词词义辨析 结合句子I took him off my back and put him…根据空格前I took him off my back"我让他从背上下来"以及关键词put 结合选项A、down B.up C.on可知put down"放下"put up"举起"put on"穿上"可推知把他放下,故选A20、C 动词短语辨析 结合上文意思I knew we needed to find that shoe,for our mother couldn't afford new shoes"我知道我们必须找到那只鞋,因为妈妈买不起新鞋"可推知我不得不原路返回去找鞋,结合所给选项 A.get up"起床"B.go out"出去"C.go back"回去",可知C项意思符合,故选C21、B 连词词义辨析 结合句子A man heard it and stopped me just…I walked off,根据空格前A man heard it and stopped me"一个人听到了把我拦住了"可推知在我走之前把我拦住了,结合选项A、after"在…之后"B.before"在…之前"C.until"直到…"可知B项意思符合,故选B.22、A 疑问词词义辨析 结合上文一个陌生人向作者提了一些问题"你把弟弟留在这儿去找鞋子?如果你回来时他不在这儿你怎么办?"I didn't know…to answer that question. 可推知作者不知如何来回答这些问题,结合选项A.how"如何"B.what"什么"C.when"何时"可知A项意思符合,故选A23、C 名词词义辨析 结合上文作者不得不回去找鞋,告诉弟弟就在那儿等着.可推知陌生人说It's OK if you cant find the shoe,but it is not OK to lose your…如果你找不到鞋没关系,如果你把弟弟弄丢了就不好了.故选C24、B 名词词义辨析 根据短文讲述了一位陌生人帮助了作者和弟弟可推知During my whole life I have received the…from many strangers作者一生当中还收到过许多陌生人的好意,结合选项A.happiness"幸福"B kindness"好意"C sadness"悲伤",可知B项意思符合,故选B25、A 日常用语辨析 根据上文作者一生当中收到过许多陌生人的好意,可推知作者很遗憾不能找到他们说声"谢谢.",故选A【点评】本题考查的是一篇记叙文类完型填空.首先要通读全文,了解文章大意,紧紧抓住上下文语境所提供的信息,然后明确词意,词型,词的搭配,并注意上下连贯,合乎逻辑.结合排除法逐一选出答案.最后再通读全文,查缺补漏,完成校正 III.阅读理解(30分)阅读下面短文,从下面每小题的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡将相应的字母编号涂黑.(共5小题,每小题1.5分)26.(6分)(2016深圳)Passage 1The Shenzhen Railway Station and the Shenzhen East Railway Station will add six temporary (临时的)trains between Friday and Monday during the coming festival.The Shenzhen Railway Station will add train K6604and K6606to Guiyang,K6512to Shantung,K6552to Yongzhou and K9088to Zhangjiajie.The Shenzhen East Railway Station will add K6532to Nanxiong in Guangdong Province.Passage 2The 2016Shenzhen Fashion Week began at OCT Bay in Nanshan District last Friday.Over 100brands and designers (设计师)from more than 10countries put on over 60fashion shows during the week.A number of well﹣known designers attended Fashion Week.The event will end tomorrow.Passage 3Shenzhen became No.7in traffic jams among Chinese cities,according to a quarterly report made by amap.com and Tsinghua University.Jinan City in Shandong Province passed Beijing for the second time to become the most congested(拥堵 的)Chinese city.Beijing,Hangzhou,Harbin and Chongqing were among the top five.Passage 4Zhang Yuetoiig,a 12﹣year﹣old girl from Shenzhen,won the Guangxi leg (赛区) of the National Rock﹣climbing Competition,which was held on Tuesday.She is the youngest winner in the history of the rock﹣climbing competition.She started training at the age of 4.26.According to Passage 1,how many temporary trains will the Shenzhen Railway Station add? B A.1 B.5C.6 D.727.From the report in Passage 3,we know that C became No.1in traffic jams.A.Beijing B.ShenzhenC.Jinan D.Hangzhou28.Which of the following statements is TRUE? D A.The Shenzhen Railway Station will add Train K6512to Yueyang.B.There were more than 100fashion shows during the fashion week.C.You seldom get caught in a traffic jam in Shenzhen.D.Zhang Yuetong has been trained to do rock﹣climbing for 8years.29.The four short passages probably come from B .A.tales B.newspapersC.storybook D.novels.【分析】文章1.深圳火车站和深圳东站将会在星期五和星期一之间即将到来的节假日增加六趟临时火车.深圳火车站将会增加K6604和K6606到贵阳的火车,K6512到山东,K6552到永州,K9088到张家界.深圳东站将会增加K6532到广东省南雄的列车.文章2.上周五,2016深圳时装周在南山区的华侨城欢乐海岸开始了.来自十多个国家的一百多品牌和设计师上演了六十多场服装秀.在时装周期间,许多知名的设计师参加了时装周.活动将在明天结束.文章3.根据高德地图和清华大学的一季度报告显示,深圳成为在中国城市中交通拥挤的第七大城市.山东省的济南市第二次超过北京成为最拥堵的中国城市.北京、杭州、哈尔滨和重庆都名列前五.文章4.在星期二举行的全国攀岩竞赛广西赛区的比赛中,来自深圳的十二岁的小姑娘张悦彤力克获得了冠军.她成为史上年龄最小的全国冠军.她在四岁时就开始练习攀岩了.【解答】26 B.细节理解题.先明确题目要回答什么,题目问的是how many temporary trains will the Shenzhen Railway Station add?深圳火车站将会增加多少趟临时列车?关键词是 the Shenzhen Railway Station 再根据文章中The Shenzhen Railway Station will add train K6604and K6606to Guiyang,K6512to Shantung,K6552to Yongzhou and K9088to Zhangjiajie这句话可以得知答案是五趟火车,故选B.27 C.细节理解题.先明确题干的意思,关键词是became No.1in traffic jams,在根据文中Jinan City in Shandong Province passed Beijing for the second time to become the most congested(拥堵 的)Chinese city这句话得知答案是济南市成为全国最拥堵的城市,故选C.28.D.推理判断题.根据文章1里的信息,A.The Shenzhen Railway Station will add Train K6512to Yueyang选项的信息与文章K6512to Shantung的信息不一致,得知是错误的.根据文章2的信息,得知选项B There were more than 100fashion shows during the fashion week与文中 over 60fashion shows during the week信息不稳合,因此答案是错误的.根据文章3里的信息,得知选项C You seldom get caught in a traffic jam in Shenzhen与文中Shenzhen became No.7in traffic jams among Chinese cities不一样,所以答案是不对的.根据文章4的内容得知张悦彤四岁开始练习攀岩,十二岁参加比赛获得冠军,可以推断出练习攀岩有八年了.选项D的意思跟文章意思一样,所以D选项是正确的.故选D29.B 推理判断题.根据以上四篇文章的内容看来题材都是不一样的,A tale是传说故事,没有一篇是此类的,所以判断A不对.B newspapers是报纸,报纸的信息量大都有不同题材的文章.所以四篇文章可能来源于报纸,B是对的.C storybook是故事书,这四篇文章均不属于故事类的,所以C不对.D novels是小说,以上内容不是小说,所以D错误.故选B.【点评】本文共有四篇小短文构成,四篇文章都是从多方面报道在深圳发生的事情.题目涉及多道细节理解题,做题时结合原文和题目有针对性的找出相关语句进行分析,结合选项选出正确答案.推理判断题也是要在抓住关键句子的基础上合理的分析才能得出正确答案.记住别胡乱猜测,一定要做到有理有据. 30.(6分)(2016深圳)In the summer between my first year and second year in college,I was invited to be an instructor (辅导员)at a high school camp.On the first day,when we were dancing and playing games,I noticed a boy under the tree who was small and thin.His shyness made him appear weak.I walked towards him,introduced myself and invited him to join in the activities and meet some new people.He quietly replied,"No,I really don't want to do this."I could understand that he was in a new world but I knew it wouldn't be right to force him,either.Actually,the boy didn't need a close talk but a friend.At lunch the next day,I was leading camp songs when 1saw the boy under the tree sitting alone.I tried again with the same invitation,but he refused once again.That evening I was told the boy's name was Tommy.Then I asked the campers to pay special attention to the boy and spend time with him when they could.The days went by and the time came when we had to leave.We held a big,warm party to celebrate the closing of the camp.All the campers shared their wonderful moments.To my surprise.1found the boy from under the tree dancing joyfully with two girls.I couldn't believe it was the same person.In October of my second year,I received a phone call from Tommy's mother.She told me that Tommy was hit by a car and killed.I offered my deep sadness.The mother said:"'Tommy mentioned you so many times.I want you to know that he went back to school and made new friends with confidence.You made a difference for Tommy during his last months."At that moment,I realized how easy it was to give a bit of yourself every day.You may never know how much each gesture may mean to someone else.I hope that everyone can pay attention to their own"boy under the tree".30.Before the writer came to the high school summer camp,he was a (n) C .A.instructorB.camperC.studentD.reporter31.How many times did the writer invite the boy to join in the activities? B A.OnceB.TwiceC.Three timesD.Many times32.Which is the correct order about the story? C ①The boy danced joyfully with two girls.②The boy went back to school and made new friends.③The boy refused to join in the activities.④The boy's mother made a phone call to the writer.A.①②③④B.②③①④C.③①②④D.④③②①33.From Paragraph 4,we can infer (推断)that Tommy's mother was very A to the writer.A.thankfulB.helpfulC.faithfulD.harmful.【分析】大一到大二的那年夏天,我被高中夏令营邀请去作为一名辅导员,第一天,当我们正在跳舞玩游戏的时候,我注意到一位在树下的一个又瘦又小的男孩.他的害羞让他看起来很弱.我走上前,介绍自己邀请他参加活动认识一些新朋友.他轻声的回答:"不,我真的不想做这些."我可以理解他在一个新的世界,但是我知道去强迫他是不对的.实际上,男孩不需要一个亲密的交谈而是一个朋友.第二天午饭,我正在领唱,我看见那个男孩独自坐在树下.我再次邀请,但是他再次拒绝,晚上我得知他叫托米.我要求其他人多关注这个男孩,尽可能的多陪陪他.日子很快过去我们要离开了.我们举办了一个大的热烈的晚会去庆祝野营的闭幕.所有的露营员分享了他们的精彩的瞬间.令我惊奇的是,我发现在树下的男孩和两个女孩很开心的跳舞.我不能相信这就是同一个人.大二的十月,我收到了来自托米的妈妈的电话,他告诉我托米出了车祸去世了.我很悲伤,他的妈妈说:"托米总是提起你,我想让你知道他回到学校自信的交了新朋友.在他的最后几个月你对他有很大的影响."那时,我突然明白了每天花一点时间或者心思在别人身上是一件多么简单的事.(但)你可能永远都不会知道这个对于其他人来说到底意味着多大的意义.我希望每个人都能关注自己的"在树下的男孩".【解答】30.答案:C.细节理解题.根据In the summer between my first year and second year in college,I was invited to be an instructor (辅导员)at a high school camp.可知他是一名大学生,故答案是C.31.答案:B.细节理解题.根据I walked towards him,introduced myself and invited him to join in the activities and meet some new people和I tried again with the same invitation,but he refused once again可知他邀请了两次,故答案是B.32.答案:C.故事排序题.根据I tried again with the same invitation,but he refused once again.邀请遭拒绝,.To my surprise.1found the boy from under the tree dancing joyfully with two girls愉快的跳舞,I want you to know that he went back to school and made new friends with confidence回学校交新朋友,I received a phone call from Tommy's mother.She told me that Tommy was hit by a car and killed.接到他妈妈的电话,故答案是C.33.答案:A.推理判断题.根据The mother said:"'Tommy mentioned you so many times.I want you to know that he went back to school and made new friends with confidence.You made a difference for Tommy during his last months."可知他的妈妈是很感激的,故答案是A.【点评】英语记叙文以描写叙述为主,主要描写人物、事件、地点、或过程.特点是,其主题往往潜伏在字里行间,没有直接地表白出来;文章主旨要透过体察所揭示的人物、事件来进行提炼.描写手法大多按时间跨度、空间顺序、上下顺序来展开.阅读记叙文体应采取略读和扫读的方法,快速抓住文中描写的主要内容,从整体上去把握文章的连贯性,进而大体上揣测出作者的写作意图及情感主线.阅读理解就记叙文设题大多以细节理解为主. 34.(6分)(2016深圳)Students at a primary school in Fuzhou,Hast China's Fujian Province were required to clean the school toilets to help them develop good habits.But some parents are strongly against the idea.They can't see the advantages of students doing such chores (杂亊).They think that the school should provide students with a proper education,not the chance to be school cleaners.In fact,parents,schools and society play an equally (同等地)important role in developing the character of students.It is good for schools to give students such tasks,because few of the students will do them at home.Their parents want them to do homework only.In recent years,some parents willmake mountains out of molehillswhen students are asked to do some chores in schools.Some complain about the teachers if their kids get hurt in schools; some even challenge the schools'teaching methods and management.As a result,many primary schools,especially those in big cities,do not let students join in outdoor activities during breaks,fearing that they might get hurt.This is bad for the development of students'best qualities.What the primary school in Fuzhou is doing is worth praising.Doing chores can put a sense of responsibility into students'minds and teach them the spirit of rules as well as teamwork.Also,it can make students'in﹣school experiences more meaningful.34.A primary school in Fuzhou required the students to D .A.do homework onlyB.finish homework at schoolC.clean the playgroundD.clean the school toilets35.Some parents think that the school should provide students with A .A.a proper educationB.a chance to be cleanersC.a chance to be teachersD.more housework36.The underlined phrase"make mountains out of molehills"means C A.愚公移山B.山穷水尽C.小题大做D.眉飞色舞37.What is the main idea of the passage? D A.Students shouldn't do any chores in school.B.Parents require students to do some chores in school.C.Some parents think doing some chores is harmful to students.D.Doing some chores can develop students'good qualities.【分析】中国的福建省福州市一所小学的学生被要求打扫学校厕所,以帮助他们养成良好的习惯.但有些家长强烈反对这个想法.他们弄不明白学生做这些杂事对学生会有什么益处.他们认为学校应该为学生提供适当的教育,不想让自己的孩子成为学校清洁工.事实上,家长、学校和社会在发展学生个性方面扮演着一个同等重要的作用.对学校来说,给学生此类任务是对的.因为很少有学生会在家里做这些.他们的父母希望他们只做家庭作业.近年来,当学生被要求在学校做一些事情时,一些家长总会小题大做.如果他们的孩子在学校受到伤害,他们会抱怨老师;甚至有些家长对学校的教学方法和管理提出挑战.因此,许多小学,特别是那些在大城市里的小学,课间休息时不让学生参加户外活动,担心他们可能会受伤.这对学生的最佳素质的发展是不利的.在福州的小学所做的这些是值得表扬的.做一些杂事可以让学生的头脑中拥有责任感并能教会他们树立团队合作精神.此外,它可以使学生在学校的经历更有意义.【解答】34.D.细节理解题.根据Students at a primary school in Fuzhou,Hast China's Fujian Province were required to clean the school toilets to help them develop good habits.可知,中国的福建省福州市一所小学的学生被要求打扫学校厕所,以帮助他们养成良好的习惯.故选D.35.A.细节理解题.根据They think that the school should provide students with a proper education.可知,他们认为学校应该为学生提供适当的教育.故选A.36.C. 猜测词义题.根据Some complain about the teachers if their kids get hurt in schools; some even challenge the schools'teaching methods and management.可知如果他们的孩子在学校受到伤害,他们会抱怨老师;甚至有些家长对学校的教学方法和管理提出挑战.可以看出一些在学校原本很简单的事情被学生家长渲染的很严重,所以这里的意思应该是小题大做.故选C.37.D. 主旨大意题.根据Doing chores can put a sense of responsibility into students'minds and teach them the spirit of rules as well as teamwork.Also,it can make students'in﹣school experiences more meaningful.并联系全文内容可知做一些杂事可以让学生的头脑中拥有责任感并能教会他们树立团队合作精神.此外,它可以使学生在学校的经历更有意义.所以这篇文章的主旨大意是在学校里学生做一些力所能及的事情可以培养他们良好的品质.故选D.【点评】本篇是一篇教育文化类阅读短文.解答时,首先理解问题,然后带着问题快速阅读短文,找出与问题有关的句子,并理解大意,最后仔细斟酌,找出答案,并核对. 38.(6分)(2016深圳)In the UK.Saturday evenings have always been a popular time for families to watch television together.One of the most popular programmegenresis the talent show,partly because people of all ages are interested in it.Early shows,like Opportunity Knocks (1965﹣1978),required people to vote (投栗)for their favorite acts and performers,although in those days voting was done by postcard instead of by telephone,text,or over the Internet.Today,the success of television talent shows has reached a new level.Here are Ihe UK's top three TV talent shows:The X Factor In this wonderful singing competition,performers have to face a celebrity judge panel (名人裁判组)before the public vote.Many excellent singers became popular because of it.The show is now made all over the world,from China to Colombia.Strictly Come Dancing﹣The programme is so fantastic that it attracts many celebrities.They team up with professional (专业的)dancers and come to the dance floor to win the title of Strictly Come Dancing Champion.Britain's Got Talent﹣In this modern﹣day version (版本)of Opportunity Knocks,the public can go and choose from many kinds of acts,from dancing dogs to ice skating.The prize is to perform for the Queen in the Royal Variety of Performance.38.When did the show Opportunity Knocks begin? A A.In 1965.B.In 1978.C.In 2015.D.K is not mentioned.39.If a person loves a skating act,he or she may go to D .A.Opportunity KnocksB.Strictly Come DancingC.The X FactorD.Britain's Got Talent40.Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? C A.The winners of Britain's Got Talent can perform for the Queen.B.If you want your dog to have a performance,you can go to Britain's Got Talent with it.C.Opportunity Knocks is still on television now.D.People of all ages enjoy TV talent shows in UK.41.The underline word"genres"in the first paragraph means B .A.listsB.typesC.choicesD.expressions.【分析】在英国,星期六晚上一直是家庭成员在一起看电视的最受欢迎的时间.最受欢迎的节目类型之一是才艺表演,在某种程度上是因为所有年龄段的人都对它感兴趣.早期的节目,如Opportunity Knocks (1965﹣1978),要求人们为自己喜欢的演员和表演投票,虽然在那些日子里,投票是通过明信片,而不是通过电话,文本,或在互联网上.今天,电视选秀节目的成功已经达到了一个新的水平.这里是英国三大电视选秀节目:The X Factor In是非常棒的歌唱比赛节目.在公众投票之前演员们不得不面对一个名人裁判组.由于它,许多优秀的歌手很受观众欢迎.现在从中国到哥伦比亚,这个节目在全世界被制作.Strictly Come Dancing﹣﹣这个节目是如此的棒以至于吸引了许多名人.他们有专业的团队与舞蹈演员,来到舞池,赢得Strictly Come Dancing的头衔.Britain's Got Talent﹣﹣Opportunity Knocks节目的现代版.公众可以从多种多样的表演中去选择,从跳舞的狗到溜冰.奖品是为女王在皇家做各种各样的表演.【解答】38.A. 细节理解题 根据Early shows,like Opportunity Knocks (1965﹣1978).可知括号内就是这个节目的起始时间,从这里可以看出这个节目是从1965年开始的,
展开阅读全文
  语墨文库所有资源均是用户自行上传分享,仅供网友学习交流,未经上传用户书面授权,请勿作他用。
0条评论

还可以输入200字符

暂无评论,赶快抢占沙发吧。

关于本文
本文标题:2016年广东省深圳市中考英语试卷含答案解析.doc
链接地址:http://www.wenku38.com/p-58433.html

                                            站长QQ:1002732220      手机号:18710392703    


                                                          copyright@ 2008-2020 语墨网站版权所有

                                                             经营许可证编号:蜀ICP备18034126号

网站客服微信
收起
展开