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2016年南通市中考英语试卷、答案.doc

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2016 南通市 中考 英语 试卷 答案
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2016年南通市中考英语试卷、答案注 意 事 项考生在答题前请认真阅读本注意事项1.本试卷共12页,满分120分,考试时间为120分钟。考试结束后,请将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。2.答题前,请务必将自己的姓名、考试证号用0.5毫米黑色字迹的签字笔填写在试卷及答题卡指定的位置。3.答案必须按要求填涂、书写在答题卡上,在草稿纸、试卷上答题一律无效。第Ⅰ卷(选择题 共60分)一、单项选择(本题共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。1.Tom likes playing football and he is member of the club. A.the;a B.the;不填 C.a;the D.不填;a2.They went climbing the morning of May I and came back the afternoon. A.on;on B.in;in C.on;in D.in;on3.I'm afraid that this type of energy will if we continue to waste it. A.run out B.break out C.come down D.fall down4.Della,don't stay up late, you will feel sleepy the next day. A.so B.or C.but D.and5.—What about yesterday's dragon dance? —Oh,it's one I've ever seen. A.a most wonderful B.more wonderful C.the most wonderful D.a morewonderful6.—We can see some wild animals in the forest,right? —It's hard to say.There be only a few left. A.may B.most C.need D.should7.Jack is still working to high standards he has made great achievements. A.until B.if C.though D.Because8.—Shall we get together this Seturday or Sunday evening? — is OK.I'm free this weekend. A.Both B.Either C.Neither D.None9.Moon cakes for free to those old people this coming Moon Festival. A.were offered B.will offer C.have offered D.will be offered 10.I don't know what her hobbies are because we talk about work when we meet. A.Sometimes B.never C.always D.seldom 11.—What do you think of our hotel? —Good! I'm especially satisfied with the high of your service. A.level B.speed C.praise D.price12.The couple will be away for a while and they need someone the baby. A.look after B.looking after C.lookied after D.to look after 13.—Sandy,the glass is broken.How did that happen? —Sorry,Mum.I don't know. I outside. A.play B.was playing C.have played D.am playing14.—Richard is studying in Germany. I wonder . —On the phone. A.how his parents keep in touch with him B.why his parents keep in touch with him C.how do his parents keep in touch with him D.why do his parents keep in touch with him15.—I hate watching TV ads.It’s just a waste of time. — .Some sre quite amazing. A.Good idea B.I agree with you C.That’s OK D.I din’t think so二、完型填空(本题共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的ABCD四个选项,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。A gift in a wrong place brings unexpected happiness.Since I came to my new neighbourhood,I have had the pleasure of meeting a few neighbours.They seem to be quite 16 people.For Christmas,I thought I would do something nice for each of the neighbours that I know.I sat down and 17 .There were nine neighbours,and I also knew which houses they lived in.However,I decided to 18 one more person to my list,the lady I met every morning walking to work as I drove down the street.She always managed a sweet smile and a hearty wave(挥手), 19 I had no idea which house she lived in.My gift idea was to make small 20 baskets and leave them on each of my neighbour’s front porches(门廊)the night of Chrismas Eve.I kept the last one for the friendly lady,since I was still not exactly sure where she lived— 21 the house down about where I met her each morning.Finally I decided to put it there.My neighbours really enjoyed the baskets and a couple even came by to 22 me.This morning on my way to work,I placed my mail in the mailbox and noticed a Thank You card.I opened it and read the 23 which really caught me by surprise.The card said,“Thank you for those lovely apples and strawberries you left on the porch of Tod.He 24 on January 19,but he never stopped talking about how nice it was that someone 25 him in his time of illness.He really enjoyed it.”I was very 26 . I had no idea who Tod was or that he had been seriously 27 .I had left that nice lady’s basket on Tod’s porch by accident.I believe that Tod never expected to have that basket. I feel 28 that the nice lady did not get a basket from me this Christmas,but I believe that if she knew what had happened,she would 29 me.I feel lucky to have helped Tod be more cheerful in his last days.This just makes me further believe that sometimes 30 in life are beautiful.( )16. A.rich B.kind C.strong D.shy( )17. A.imagined B.rested C.counted D.watched( )18. A.send B.add C.connect D.put( )19. A.but B.so C.unless D.because( )20. A.flower B.food C.vegetable D.fruit( )21. A.clearly B.certainly C.maybe D.simply( )22. A.thank B.protect C.encourage D.touch( )23. A.advice B.story C.notice D.message( )24. A.passed away B.ran away C.drove away D.flew away( )25. A.invited B.remembered C.trusted D.accepted( )26. A.nervous B.relaxed C.surprised D.satisfied( )27. A.painful B.wrong C.hurt D.ill( )28. A.worried B.sorry C.helpless D.afraid( )29. A.understand B.punish C.stop D.doubt( )30. A.jokes B.problems C.mistakes D.gifts三、阅读理解(本题共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)请认真阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。AMany pet owners see their pets as family members. However,when thry have to go away on business or for some other reasons,and cannot take their pets along,they feel guilty about it and wish they could do something for their deeply loved pets. The Pet Hotel is set up especially for this reason.What do we offer?The Pet Hotel offers pets large rooms and the latest equipment(设备).Like other hotel rooms,we offer color TVs,suitable beds,sofas and other pieces of furniture for pets.We prepare great food for the little guests,walk them at least twice a day,and provide them with all kinds of amusements(娱乐活动). In addition,we brush and clean pets. To make pets feel at home,we play the sort of music which is often played at their homes and turn the TV to the pets’ favorite channels. Pets will surely feel comfortable in our hotel!We also have video cameras in each room so that owners can check online twenty-four hours a day to make sure that the pets are having a good time at the hotel. We also have phones so that pet owners can call their pets and talk to them every day.How much does It cost?The prices change according to the size of the rooms. A regular room with standard service costs 1,500 dollars.31.Pet owners send their pets to the Pet Hotel probably because they . A.treat pets as their close friends B.can't take pets along on businessC.are not happy with their own pets D.Want to send their pets to others32.The Pet Hotel provides pets with . A.magazines and sofas B.color TVs and toysC.beds and magazines D.color TVs and beds33.In the Pet Hotel,pets can . A.take photos for their owners B.enjoy their favorite TV programsC.brush and clean themselves D.book rooms according to their sizeBEach summer,you hear news that some sports players are sent to hospitals because it is too hot. Our bodies can't be outside in the sun for a long time. So in hot summers,be careful about playing sports outside.Firstly,to play sports safely in hot weather,you must drink water. Sports drinks are great for athletes,but they have so much sugar that they'll dehydrate(使脱水)you more. However,drinking a few bottles of sports drinks will be good for you.Secondly,be sure to take enough breaks to let your body rest. If your coach doesn't let you take enough breaks in the heat,don't wait until you feel uncomfortable. Just be honest with your coach when you need breaks.Thirdly,when you have a break,don't sit in the sun. With the sun beating down on you,you'll only heat up and sweat(冒汗)more. Take a seat under a tree,or even better,go indoors for a little while. Cooling yourself down can help you stay active longer.Fourthly,remember that the earlier in the day you start your exercise,the cooler it will be. If you can start practice before the sun comes up,you have a few good hours to practise in the cool hours of the morning. Also,the earlier you practise,the earlier you can finish the exercise. If you need more practice time,come back to the field later in the evening,when the sun is setting.Last but not least,you should watch what you eat. Eat food which is high in water,starch(淀粉)and carbonhydrate(糖类),but be sure to get a good balance in your diet.As long as you pay attention to the above,playing sports safely in the heat isn't a difficult thing.34.How many pieces of advice are mentioned in the passage? A.Three B.Four C.Five D.Six35.From Paragraph 5 we know .A.we'd better start our exercise early B.it is not wise to have practice after aunsetC.we have a long time to practise after sunrise D.it doesn't matter whether you practise early or late36.Which of the following is true according to the passage?A.Sports drinks are good for you with no harm. B.You need to tell your coach when you feel tired.C.Sitting under a tree is better than staying indoors. D.Eating lots of sugar is necessary for sports safely.37.The passage mainly tells us about .A.eating habits in hot summers B.drinking more water in the heat[来源:Z,xx,k.Com]C.sports safely in hot weather D.taking exercise in different periodsCGlobalization means that people,ideas,technology,money,services and many other things are moving between countries and changing the way people think and act.Not everyone thinks the same way about globalization. Some people think it is bad,and some people think it is good. Some believe that globalization helps rich people get richer and makes poor people poorer. These people say that globalization helps big companies like Coca-Cola and McDonald's destory(破坏)local businesses. However,the people who think globalization is a good thing argue that globalization helps poorer people to become richer. They also think that it doesn't destory local cultures. These people also believe globalization helps prevent wars. This is because countries with economic(经济的)connections will try hard to keep good relationahips so that their economies aren't destroyed.Whether you think globalization is good or bad,it affects the world in two areas:jobs and cultures.Globalization has had a very strong influence on jobs all over the would. For some workers,such as engincers,lawyers and bankers,globalization has been a good development. These workers are able to successfully compete(竞争)globally and have seen an incrase in their pay. But for those who work in factories or in the aervice industry(at hotels,shops and restaurants),it has not been good. Workers from poorer countries are trying to get these types of jobs. They will do the same job for less money. This decreases the pay for that job,so people get paid less to do it.Cultures have also been affected by globalization. Foods such as Japanese noodles,Inaian curry and French cheeses have spread around the world. We can also see an increase in the use of Chinese characters(汉字)in tattoos(文身). Some people get these tattoos but they don't really know what the characters mean. Globalization also affects the film industry. Most people have seen American movies. But because of globalization,Korean. Indian and Japanese movies have become more wouldwide.No one knows the future of globalization. Most experts agree that it will continue to grow and have an increasingly greater influence on people's lives in the future.38.Some people think giobalization is good because it may . A.change local cultures B.help local businesses develop C.make rich people become richer D.help stop wars among countries39.According to Paragraph 4 we know . A.engineers will get a lower pay B.people can get favourite jobs more easilyC.globalization greatly affects people's jobs D.workers from rich countries get paid less40.Globalization helps people in the world .A.know Chinese characters very well B.go to different countries for moviesC.own the same culture in the end D.Enjoy foods from different countries41.What can we infer(推断)from the passage?A.Globalization is sure to do good to people.[来源:学科网]B.Globalization will be limited in the future.C.Globalization may change people's in the future. D.Globalization will be loved throughout the would.DWhen I was in the second grade,my teacher gave all her students some seeds(种子). She told us to watch the magic of the seeds once we planted them. Excitedly,I put a few seeds in my pot. I watered them for a few days and purple flowers came out.In class,I reported back to my teacher that the magic was the purple flowers. My classmates reported back with the red,white or yellow ones. I was wondering why we didn't have green flowers. When the bell rang,we drew a conclusion“a fiower garden is beautiful”,and this was my first gardening experience.Years later,one day,when we drone by Naperville downtown in a summer. Mom pointed out a big land.“Look,this is the community garden land.”she told me.“What is a community garden land?”I asked.“When people live in apartments or town homes,they don't have much land. People pay a little money to rent(租)a piece of land from the city. They can grow anything.”“Why don't we rent one?”I curiously asked.“We don't need to.We have a house,so we have a small piece of land.”A few years ago,an older couple moved in next door. They gave us some tomatoes from their garden. They grew the best tomatoes I had ever tasted. I asked my mom to buy some tomatoes just like our neighbors'. Mon said it was impossible to buy those tomatoes from the supermarket.So,last year,I decided to try. I had my dad dig out a small land in the back yard of our house,put it some peat moss(泥炭藓)and mushroom compost(蘑菇肥). For the start,I only planted some tomatoes and cucumbers. Day by day,I looked after my garden and took out weeds(杂草).I was surprised to see that cucumbers actually grow on the vine,and my tomatoes had a special kind of earthly smell.At the same time,I found myself suddenly having an interest in weather. I always wished rain to water my little garden. My brother Alex teased me.“You are an old farmer now.” One day,I found some tomatoes gone in one plant. I was a little sad. Who dared to steal my tomatoes?It was a few rabbits. When I was about to drive them away,my dad stopped me and said,“Alice,the rabbits are thirsty. Let them eat as much as they want. Sharing your food is a good thing.”Later on,I found people picking a few tomatoes in my little garden and eating them with a satisfying smile. I never said a word. Instead,I felt joy in my heart. When harvest time came,I picked so many fresh cucumbers and delicious tomatoes.In America,people grow gardens everywhere. The air is always fresh and clean because of many trees,different plants and beautiful flowers. People there learn to love our earch,and love hearing the expression“go hug a tree”. Gardening needs lots of hard work and patience,but mother earth rewards us a lot.42.The underlined word“teased”in Paragraph 6 is close to“ ”. A.played a joke on B.was strict withC.got angry with D.had pity on43.Alice learned to share things with others .A.when she began to plant seeds in the second gradeB.when she asked her mother to rent a piece of landC.after the couple next door gave her some tomatoesD.after her father stopped her driving the rabbits away44.We can learn from the passage that .A.gardening takes lots of time and effort B.gardening gives a few rewards to humansC.gardening helps the writer love tomatoes D.gardening makes the writer hate rainy days45.Which can be the best title for the passage? A.My Little Garden B.Gardening ExperiencesC.My Magic Plants D.Gardening Knowledge第Ⅱ卷(非选择题 共60分) 第Ⅱ卷共36小题,请将答案按要求写在答题卡上。四、词汇(本题共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)A.请根据括号中的中文提示、英文释义或句意,写出句中所缺单词,使句子通顺。46.Lily is proud that she was born in a city with a long (历史).47.Mrs Wang,a new (顾客)of our shop,has become my friend.48.Please put the book back to its (right or correct)place after you read it.49.All children between the age of 5 and 16 in his country must (go to)school.50.If you go to ,you’d better not miss the Opera House in Sydney.B.请根据句意从方框中选择合适的单词,并用其适当形式填空,使句子通顺。he five true colour discuss 51.To tell you the ,I’m afraid to see him.52.My bag is full. Put your books in .53.The students are having a hot about their future plans.54.On her day in Guilin,Melissa took a boat trip along the Lijiang River.55.—I hear there are many clubs in your school. —Exactly. Our school life is really .C.请根据句意从方框中选择合适的动词,并用其适当时态填空,使句子通顺。wait practise give serve return56.Mum will not let Simon go out next time unless he home before dark.57.—Who us a talk on how to protect the environment next Monday?—Mr Smith is.58.We are sure that he will win the game because he a lot for it.59.─What’s wrong with you,Jane?─I’m a little sick and I for Dad to take me to the hospital.60.Tim is a manager now,but he once as an engineer for five years.五、句型转换(本题共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)请根据要求改写下列句子,每空一词。61.We held a welcome party for the exchange students yesterday.(改为否定句)We a welcome party for the exchange students yesterday.62.Ludy exercises every day to keep fit.(对划线部分提问) Ludy exercises every day?63.He can’t finish the task in time if nobody helps him.(保持句意基本不变) He can’t finish the task in time .64.Mary is very busy.She does not have any time for social activities.(合并为一句) Mary is busy have any time for social activities.65.The music by Tan Dun sounds quite exciting.(改为感叹句) the music by Tan Dun sounds!六、短文填空(本题共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)请认真阅读下面短文,并根据各题所给首字母的提示,写出一个合适的英语单词完整、正确的形式,使短文通顺。In Britain,the government,school learders,teachers and parents all agree that students ahould wear uniforms.(66).B Birtish private schools and schools have their own school uniforms.They think it’s(67).i for pupils to wear school uniforms.School leaders normally decide if pupils will have to wear a uniform,and they(68).a decide what it should look like.You know,no students want to wear(69).u unifroms.Everybody wants to wear beautiful uniforms.Leaders have to follows the rules,and they(70).c just choose anything they like.They have to(71).t of the students’ feeling and taste.Here are a few(72).f leaders should consider.1.Cost.This is the first fact they should consider.Their uniforms shouldn’t be too(73).e because it may cause problems for some families.Not all the families can afford it.2.Sexism(性别歧视).The uniform policy must be equally fair(公平的)for boys and (74)g .3.Cultrues and races.School rules must(75).a pupils from all backgrounds to wear a uniform,for example,allowing Muslim(穆斯林)girls to wear an appropriate dress and Sikh(印度锡克教徒)boys to wear a traditional headdress(头饰).七、阅读与回答问题(本题共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)请认真阅读下面短文,并根据短文内容回答问题。[来源:学,科,网Z,X,X,K]How to Start and Keep a Good Conversation GoingHow to Start a good conversation“Hi,my name is Sara.”“I’m Frank. Nice to meet you.”Introductions,like the one above,are a great way to begin a good conversation.When you introduce yourself,be confident and comfortable.That will make others comfortable,too.After the introduction,wait a bit.If the other person doesn’t ask a question,you ask one.Starting with a question shows interest in the other person.You could ask“What do you do?”or“How do you know our host?”But asking something a little different shows you are clearly different.“What did you do last weeked?”and“Have you seen any good movies recently?”are two topics you could ask about.Another good way to start with is“Tell me about yourself.”Most people love talking about themselves.How to keep a good conversation goingAs the other person begins to answer your question,look for the same opinion.If you ask about last weekend,the person could talk about a bike ride they took.When the person finishes his opinions,you could mention an experience that you had with biking.You can then move on to discussing other sports the person may be interested in.When the other person is talking,be interested in them.Listen carefully to their answers.Don’t look around the room.That gives the other person the message that you are not really interested in them.If you are answering the question,don’t go on and on.Answer the question and then stop.A good conversation is like a tennis game where the ball goes back and forth.With some practice,you’ll be able to start and keep a conversation going with anyone!请将答案写在答题卡上76.How do you show interest in the other person after the introduction? 77.Why is it good to start a conversation with“Tell me about yourself.”? 78.What can you do when the other person begin to answer your question?[来源:Z_xx_k.Com] 79.Why can’t you look around the room when the other person is talking? 80.What is your good way to keep a good conversation going?(请自拟一句话作答) 八、书面表达(本题满分20分)81.期中考试后,Julian所在班级将进行以“学会学习”为主题的英语演讲比赛。假如你是Julian,请根据下表所提示的要点和内容,写一份英文演讲稿。要点内容增强动力(strengthen motivation)明确目标;相信自己;培养兴趣(或自拟内容)优化习惯(make habits better)勤于动脑;自主先学;劳逸结合(或自拟内容)讲究方法(pay attention to methods)主动发问;……(请考生自拟两点内容)注意:1.演讲稿中必须包含所给要点,具体内容可以适当发挥,不要简单翻译。2.词数90左右,开头和结尾已经写好,不计入总词数。3.演讲稿中请勿提及真实校名及姓名。Hello,everyone!I’m glad to be here to share my ideas of“Learn how to learn”. I hope everyone will enjoy learning.Thanks for listening.[来源:学_科_网Z_X_X_K]南通市2016年初中毕业、升学考试试卷英语参考答案及评分标准一、单项选择 1~5:DCABC 6~10:ACBDC 11~15:ADBAD二、完形填空16~20:BCBAD 21~25: CADAB 26~30: CDBAC三、阅读理解31~35:BDBCA 36~40: BCDCD 41~45:CADAB四、词汇A. 46. history 47. customer 48. proper 49. attend 50. AustraliaB. 51. truth 52. his 53. aisscussion 54. fifth 55. colourfulC. 56. returns 57. is going to give 58. practises/has practised 59. am waiting 60. served五、句型转换61. didn’t hold 62. Why does 63. without help 64. too;to 65.How exciting六、短文填空66. But 67. important 68. also 69. ugly 70. can’t 71. think 72. facts 73. expensive 74. girls 75. allow七、阅读与回答问题76. Starting with a question.77. Most people love talking about themselves.78. Look for the same opinion.79. That gives the other person the message that you’re not really interested in them.80. Keep amiling.八、书面表达One possible version:Hello,everyone!I’m glad to be here to share my ideas of “Learn how to learn”.First,I think
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