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【可编辑】2017年常州中考英语试卷及试卷.doc

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可编辑 编辑 2017 常州 中考 英语 试卷
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2017年常州市初中毕业统一学业英语考试试卷分析一、 单选题:1. ---______________ is it since you left your primary school? ---Three years. A. How oldB. How longC. How farD. How soon2. ---How nice your dictionary is! Where did you get __________? I’d like to buy ____________, too. ---In the shop in the city center. A. it; oneB. one; oneC. one; itD. it; it3. My mother won’t allow my father to drive __________ he promises to give up drinking. A. unlessB. sinceC. ifD. after4. A children should be encouraged to tell the truth instead of __________ stories whenever he or she has done something wrong. A. taking upB. putting upC. making upD. setting up5. ---Will Dad be back home at 6 o’clock this evening? ---He should, but he __________ not. Sometimes he exercises after work. A. canB. mustC. needD. may6. ---Could you tell me how to behave politely in public in the UK? ---Yes. __________, you should keep your voice down and always queue. A. After allB. First of allC. In allD. At all7. ---Why doesn’t the surgeon stop ____________ lunch? ---Because he is too busy __________ a dying patient in the operation room. A. to have; to saveB. having; to saveC. to have; savingD. having; saving8. I’ll never forget the town in which there _________ a clean river and many big tall trees. A. used to beB. used to haveC. was used to beingD. was used to having9. The shopping mall _______ for two years, but I ___________ there only once. A. has opened; have goneB. has opened; have been C. has been open; have goneD. has been open; have been10. ---Could you look after my plants while I’m away on business, please? ---_____________. I’ll water them on time. A. Come onB. With pleasureC. Take it easyD. You’re welcome二. 完形填空:On the first day of my 11th grade, I wasn’t excited when I looked at my timetable and saw “Biology II-Robin Haworth, Rom 301”. I had never liked biology and I found it ___11___. After I entered the room, I took a seat in the very back and ___12___ for my new teacher. The bell rang and Mrs. Haworth entered the classroom. She began to tell us how her class was going to be difficult and that if we weren’t up to the ___13___, she would gladly let us leave.The class required lots of ___14___. This was especially hard for me because I was balancing a new school with a new part-time job. My grades soon began to ___15___. Just as I began to appear in a sea of D, Mrs. Haworth asked me what was up. I told her about the difficulty I was having. She listened to me and I knew she truly ___16___ my life and my problems. She told me that she ___17___ me but that I needed to learn how to manage my time better. Mrs. Haworth greatly ___18___ my ability by helping me learn to solve my problems on my own. If I got a C in a test, she would hand it ___19___ and asked me to deal with the ones I missed and tell her why. She ___20___ increased my grades but taught me how to study harder. I got to know that if I had done my best for the first time I did it, I wouldn’t have so many ___21___. And after many trials, my grades became better.I had never had a(n) ___22___ who opened up to me and treated me as her equal. Over the past years she was taught me that if I want to be excellent, I am the one who can make that happen.11. A. AmazingB. practicalC. boringD. important12. A. prepared B. wishedC. searchedD. waited13. A. experienceB. challengeC. educationD. value14. A. competition B. attentionC. conversationD. creation15. A. fallB. changeC. improveD. miss16. A. cheered for B. cared about C. looked after D. believed in17. A. understoodB. recommendedC. admiredD. remembered18. A. supportedB. influencedC. developedD. displayed19. A. backB. inC. outD. over20. A. evenB. everC. sometimesD. never21. A. businessB. mysteriesC. differencesD. mistakes22. A. friend B. leaderC. adultD. parent三、阅读理解:AThe Blue Metropolis Literary Festival is coming!It will host nearly 120 family-friendly activities from April 11 to April 17. More than 40 writers and storytellers, including local writers Monique Polak and Lydia Lukidis, will be joining in educational activities. It hopes to bring citizens of difficult cultures together to enjoy reading and literature. Here are some of the events of this year’s festival.●Tuesday, April 12, at 10:00 a.m.Activity:The writer Monique Polak, who comes from Montreal, will discuss her new detective book and hold a workshop for kids between the ages of 9 and 12 on how they can be skilled at writing their own detective tales.Location: Benny Library, 6400 Monkland Ave.●Tuesday, April 12, at 4:00 p.m.Activity: Lydia Lukidis, the local children’s writer, will be giving a talk about the world of folk tales for kids aged 6 to 10. Lukidis will present different folk tales, and then the kids will try their hand at coming up with their own stories.Location:Westmount Library, 4574 Sherbrooke St.●Wednesday, April 13, at 10:00 a.m.Activity:Helaine Becker will help kids aged 6 and up master all the detailed facts of comedy writing and cartoons.Location: Ecole St., Germain d’Outremont, 46 Vincent d’Indy Ave.●Wednesday, April 13, at 1:30 p.m.Activity: High school students will be presenting videos they created honouring the unsung heroes of the Second World War.Location: The Montreal Holocaust Memorial Centre, 5151 Cote St.23. The festival is held mainly to ______________.A. encourage the cultural exchange from different areasB. invite famous writers to introduce their new books to their fansC. help people from different countries to build good relationshipsD. gather people from different cultures to enjoy reading and literature24. What can you learn from the local children’s writer Lydia Lukidis?A. The content of the new detective book.B. Tips for telling and writing folk tales.C. The method of coming up with new comedies.D. The unknown heroes of the Second World War.25. If an 8-year-old boy likes comedies and cartoons, he can go to_____________.A. Benny Library, 6400 Monkland Ave on Tuesday.B. Westmount Library, 4574 Sherbrooke St. on TuesdayC. Ecole St., Germain d’Outremont, 46 Vincent d’Indy Ave on WednesdayD. The Montreal Holocaust Memorial Centre, 5151 Cote St. on WednesdayBA 22-year-old British student has invented a mobile fridge that could save millions of lives across the world.Will Broadway’s “Isobar” has been designed to keep vaccines(疫苗) at the ideal temperature while they are being sent in developing countries. And will doesn’t plan to make money from his creation. His purpose is to get vaccines to people who need them, which is why he won’t be trying to get a patent(专利). Will’s Isobar has won him the James Dyson Award that challenges young people to “design something that solves a problem”.Present methods of transporting vaccines can lead to the vaccines freezing(冻住) before reaching their places in developing countries, but the Isobar keeps a temperature of 2 to 8 degrees for 30 days.Will’s invention is expected to save the lives of 1.5 million people across the world, a number he says is “amazing”. Having now finished college education, he is making an effort to take the Isobar into production. “I would be hands-on, all the way through it, knowing that it works, ” he says, “It’s amazing to just give it a go, even in my back yard, and see the potential(潜能) of the technology.” The product has been designed to transport vaccines, but already Will sees the possibility for other medical uses in the developing world and beyond. “Blood donations, organ transplants(器官移植)-if they get trapped in traffic, you still use cold-bags that really aren’t good enough for a long time,” he says.There is also a possible, non-medical use for the Isobar. “It would be a great thing to take on a five-day trip where you have no power,” he says. But he insists vaccine transportation is the primary function (功能) of his invention..26. What’s the advantage of the Isobar for sending vaccines in developing countries?A. It can save more energy.B. It can send more vaccines at a time.C. It can keep vaccines in an ideal condition.D. It can transport vaccines at a faster speed.27. The James Dyson Award is present to _____________.A. old scientists who have developed modern technology.B. young men who have solved problems with their designsC. doctors who have saved people’s lives in developing countriesD. college students who have got patents for their creative inventions28. What is the passage mainly about?A. The production of a new fridge and its future.B. The invention of a new fridge and its inventor.C. The transportation of vaccines and its problem.D. The introduction of an award and its new winner. CI was bullied quite badly in high school. A kid would try to make me feel terrible in every way he knew. For example, he would hit me in the head, call me ugly and stupid, make fun of me and – of course-threaten to hit me harder if I ever fought back. It was like his daily task.And it was my daily task to just get through the day. What can I say? It made my world very small because that was my main focus-just surviving. Everything else fell by the wayside. Unluckily, that included any form of social life. So not only was my world tiny, it was lonely.Looking back to that time-which was about 11 years ago-my biggest mistake was not bringing anyone in to that world of mine. I was too proud, and embarrassed(尴尬的), to get help. I would rather not face the fact that I needed help because in my mind, that would mean that the bully won. It would also mean that the bully won. It would also mean that I was weak.Let me just say this-bullying someone is a weak choice. The only reason they come after you is because they think you won’t do anything about it. Does that make anyone strong? No. Be stronger-reach out to a parent, a teacher or a friend. Admit(承认) you need help.You can put it like this: Somebody who is trying to make himself or herself seem important has bullied me. Why? Simply because I am nice and I haven’t done anything about it yet. Well, I hate this. I have basic human rights. It is just not OK. How do I manage this the right way? I don’t want the pain cycle to continue and I don’t want to become someone I don’t want to be.I will close by saying this-I am OK! I am not just surviving. I am enjoying my life. I graduated from college with good grades, by the way(being stupid was a lie…it is all a lie). You don’t have to wait to live. Do something today.29. The underlined word “it” in the first paragraph refers to(指) __________.A. getting along with the writerB. having a difficult time at schoolC. making friends with other studentsD. hurting the writer with force and threat30. The writer suggests _________ to fight bullies.A. getting used to the pain as soon as possibleB. looking for help from parents, teachers and friendsC. increasing the understanding of basic human rightsD. keeping it a secret inside and reducing your social life31. The writer writes the passage mainly to ___________.A. share his thoughts on dealing with bulliesB. say that he regrets being hurt badly at schoolC. describe how he changed his weak personalityD. show how thankful he was to those who helped him DImagine you are walking through the woods and you see a small dog. It looks cute and friendly. You move up to pet the dog. Suddenly it barks and tries to bite you. The dog no longer seems cute and you feel afraid and possibly angry. Then, as the wind blows, the leaves on the ground are carried away and you see the dog has one of its legs caught in a trap. Now, you take pity on the dog. You know it becomes unfriendly because it is in pain.We all judge(评判) others all the time. It might be over small things, like a workmate who takes too long of a lunch break. Or it might be over bigger matters, such as a person who behaves selfishly or hurts our feelings. There are many reasons why we judge others. It is human nature to find a way to survive. When we see a dog(or a person) that might bite us, of course we feel threatened(威胁). We become nervous, want to fight back and are unable to see the possible reasons for another’s behavior.Although judgment is a natural reaction(反应), try to catch yourself before you speak, for you can’t get your words back. Make a short stop. Try to change your thought into a positive(正面的) one. After all, like that dog in the trap, we really don’t know the reasons for someone’s behavior.When someone disagrees with us or somehow makes our life difficult, remember that it’s usually not about us. It may be about their pain or struggle(挣扎). Why not give others the right to express their doubt? “Never underestimate the pain of a person,” Will Smith said, “because in all honesty, everyone is struggling. Some people are better at hiding it than others”32. The writers talks about the dog in the first paragraph mainly to __________.A. give an exampleB. make a comparisonC. share a good storyD. set the background33. According to the writer, we usually judge others__________.A. over big matters instead of small onesB. after thinking carefully about their situationC. about the real reasons behind their behaviorD. for our own survival when feeling threatened34. What does the underlined sentence ”Never underestimate the pain of a person” mean?A. Never believe others have pain. B. Never pay attention to others’ pain.C. Never think others’ pain is bigger than it really is.D. Never think others’ pain is smaller than it really is.35. What is the best title of the passage?A. The Best Way to JudgeB. Too Late to JudgeC. Think Twice Before You JudgeD. You’ve Got a Reason to Judge四、任务型阅读British people pride themselves on their polite manners towards one another in public. They often use the word ‘sorry’—even when they don’t really mean it! Usually, if they want to ask a stranger for the time, they would start by saying ‘Sorry to bother you. Do you know what time it is?’ If they’re five minutes late for an appointment (约会), they would generally greet the person by saying ‘Sorry I’m late!’They use the word ‘sorry’ in so many different situations that the meaning of the word has changed a little over time. The two main dictionary definitions (释义) of ‘sorry’ are: 1) feeling sad for someone else because of their problems or bad luck; 2) feeling regret because you’ve done something wrong. Now, think about this. Normally, when they want to ask a stranger a question, they start with ‘Sorry to bother you’. In this situation, they aren’t saying sorry because they feel sad for that person or because they feel regret.So what does ‘sorry’ really mean? And why do British people use it so much? Well, in the British culture, saying ‘sorry’ is a way to be polite, especially to people who they don’t know very well. It’s also a very clever way to get what they want. In a recent experiment, an actor went up to a different strangers on a rainy day to ask if he could use their mobile phones in order to make a call. When he went up to one group of strangers and asked them without saying ‘sorry’ first, he was only 9 per cent successful in borrowing their phones. However, when he said ‘sorry’ to another group of strangers about the bad weather before asking if he could use their mobile phones, he was 47 per cent successful. So maybe saying ‘sorry’ is not just being polite, but it is also a good method to get what they want too!Title: Why do British people say sorry?Main pointsDetailed informationThe ___36___ in which they say ‘sorry’l asking for the timel Being late for an appointmentThe change of the meaning of ‘sorry’l The two main dictionary definitions of ‘sorry’; feeling sad for others’ problems or bad luck‚ feeling regret because of one’s own ___37____l When British people ask a stranger a question by starting with ‘sorry’, they are saying sorry ____38____ because they feel sad for that person nor because they feel regret.The ____39____ meaning of ‘sorry’l a way to be politel a good way to get what they want The result of an experiment shows it’s easier for one to ____40____ in borrowing a mobile phone by saying ‘sorry’.36. __________ 37. __________ 38. __________ 39. __________ 40. __________五、词汇:A) 根据句子意思,用括号中所给词的正确形式填空,每空填一词。55. Qi Baishi was one of he most famous ___________ (art) in China.56. The ORBIS doctor advised the girl to have the operation to prevent her eye problem getting mush ___________ (bad).57. To complete the work, he drank some coffee to keep himself ____________ (wake).58. To protect the earth, we mustn’t throw away the waste _____________ (care).B) 根据句意及汉语提示,写出各单词的正确形式,每空填一词。59. We must be __________ (勇敢的) enough to face difficulties in our life.60. Some wild animals are in ______________ (危险) as the earth is getting warmer and warmer.61. Mary goes to work every day _____________ (除……之外) Sundays.62. The general manager always thinks twice before ______________ (回复) to the customers.六、动词填空63. I had my finger cut when I _____________ (divide) the watermelon into pieces.64. Last year, the light-coloured car _____________ (sell) better than the dark-coloured ones.65. --- May I have the key to Room 425, please? I want to have a rest in it.---Of course, we _____________ (tidy) it up already. Here you are.66. Children are warned _____________ (not play) on the roads.---Of course, we _____________ (tidy) it up already. Here you are.67. All the children _____________ (bring) back to their parents yesterday after the police found them.七、完成句子54. 历史上的第一个风筝是由木头做成的吗?______________________________________________________________________________.55. 他对研究古钱币比对收集邮票更感兴趣。He is _________________________________________________________________________.56. 离开时不要任由水龙头一直开着。______________________________________________________________________________.57. 我想知道这个演讲是否值得一听。58. 这些疾病与噪音污染无关。These diseases __________________________________________________________________.59. 老师们对他很满意,因为他取得了很大的进步。The teachers are ________________________________________________________________.3. 书面表达时态:一般现在时结构:利弊分析句型:It’s adj. to do....; be mad at....随着互联网的发展,许多中学生开始利用互联网进行学习。对此,某英文报组织了“合理利用互联网进行学习”的征稿活动,请你根据以下要点写一篇英语文章进行投稿。互联网用于学习的优势1. 学习资源丰富2. 查找资料方便3. ....可能导致的问题1. 迷上网络游戏2. ...建议....注意:1.表达清楚,语句通顺,意思连贯,语法正确2. 必须包括表格中所有的要点,并适当发挥3. 词数不少于90字(文章开头已经给出,不计入总词数)4. 不得使用真实姓名和校名参考词汇:resource n.[C] 资源Dear editor,I’ d like to say something about this topic. ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________【范文】One possible version:Dear editor, I’d like to say something about this topic.With the development of the Internet, many students enjoy surfing in their spare time. Some students are used to looking up the information about their lessons and use the Internet to do their homework. There’re many resources on the Internet and it’s convenient for students to find out what they need. Many websites store much knowledge and open up to students. Some websites also provide students with teaching videos. They’re useful and helpful for students’ study.But on the other hand surfing the Internet causes a lot of problems. Some students are mad at playing computer games. They spend most of their spare time on games. What’s more, some students are always on the Internet and seldom talk with their parents. The Internet takes up nearly all the students’ spare time and they have little time to spend with their friends. They have trouble getting on well with others.In my opinion, students should use the Internet properly. It’s better to regard the Internet as a good helper in our study. Don’t let the Internet control your life. 一、单选题:1-5BAACD 6-10BCADD二、完形填空:11-15CDBBA 16-20BACDD 21-22DC三、阅读理解: 23-25DBC 26-30CBBDB 31-35ADDDC4. 任务型阅读36. occasions/situations/chances 36.fault/mistakes 37.neither 38.real 39.succeed 55artists 56.worse 57.awake58.carelessly 59.brave 60.danger 61.except62.replying53.was dividing 64.sold 65.have tidied 66.not to play 67. were brought54.Was the first kite made of wood in history?55.more interested in studying ancient coins than in collecting stamps.56.Don't keep the tap running when you leave.57. if the speech is worth listening to.58.have nothing to do with noise.59.satisfied with him because he was mad great progress/satisfied with him because of his great progress.10
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