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【可编辑】2017年广州市中考英语试题精心排版(word版).doc

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2017年广州市初中毕业生学业考试一、 语法选择  (共15小题,每题1分,满分15分)阅读下列短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连续的要求,从1-15各题所给的A、B、C和D中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 “I’m going shopping in the village, ”George’s mother said to George on Saturday morning.“So be a good boy and don’t get into trouble. And don’t forget ___1___ good care of Grandma.”Then out she went. Grandma___2___ in the chair by the window when she opened one little eye and said , “Now you heard ___3___your mother said, George.” “Yes, Grandma,” George said. George was bored to tears. He didn’t have a brother or a sister. His father was a farmer, and ___4___farm they lived on was miles away from anywhere, ___5___ there were never any children to play with. He was tired of staring at ___6___pigs , hens, cows and sheep. He was especially tired of having to live in the house with his grandma. Looking after her all by himself was hardly ___7___way to spend a Saturday morning.“Go and make me a cup of tea for a start, ___8___ sugar and milk.” Grandma said.Most grandmothers are lovely , kind, helpful old ladies, but not this one. George’s grandma was a woman ___9___was always complaining about something or other. She spent all day___10___on her chair by the window. George___11___ that Grandma used to be a gentle lady, but as she grew older, she was not able to look after herself and even worse, she was easy to get angry.“We___12___be nice to the old, George,” His mother always told him.Thinking of this, George___13___into the kitchen and made Grandma a cup of tea with a teabag. He put one spoon of sugar and ___14___ milk in it. He stirred the tea well and carried it into the living room___15___.( )1A. takeB. takingC. to take D. takes( )2A. sleepB. sleepsC. is sleepingD. was sleeping( )3A. that B. whatC. whereD. which( )4A. aB. anC. the D. /( )5A. butB. ifC. orD. so( )6A. hundredB. hundredsC. hundredthD. hundreds of ( )7A. excitingB. the most excitingC. more excitingD. much more exciting ( )8A. in B. with C. of D. for ( )9A. whoB. whichC. whereD. when( )10A. sittingB. sits C. sitD. sat( )11A. tellB. told C. was told D. has told( )12A. should B. wouldC. mightD. can( )13A. goesB. wentC. will go D. has gone( )14A. manyB. anyC. fewD. some( )15A. careB. carefulC. carefullyD. careless二、完形填空 (共10小题,每题1.5分,满分15分)完形填空。More than 700 years ago,Scotland ( 苏格兰 ) was fighting with England . The king of England wanted to___16___Scotland. He had a strong army so it was___17___for the Scots to fight. They lost many times, King Robert of Scotland had to run from the English army. One rainy day, King Robert lay in an old house. He thought that he was not good enough to be king. He was so___18___ that he didn’t even see a spider(蜘蛛)near him. He ___19___when he saw the spider climbing. It was trying to climb up its web at the top of the house but it fell down. “How sad” thought King Robert. “The spider is like me. It’s not ___20___enough.”He watched while the spider climbed up again. It fell down a second time. “Be careful, little spider, or you might die,”he said. “Life is so hard. You’ll never get back to your web.”But the spider___21___again and again. King Robert watched while it___22___climbed back to its web. After an hour, the spider got do the web. “You are such a great___23___,”he said.“If you can keep trying. I can too. I must keep on fighting. I won’t let the English win.” His___24___grew strong and they___25___the English army. Scotland was free. Nobody knows if this is a true story. Many parents tell it to their children because the want them to keep trying.( )16.A. leave B. controlC. helpD. visit( )17.A. interestingB. difficultC. importantD. necessary( )18.A. surprisedB. boredC. worriedD. lonely( )19.A. looked aheadB. looked outC. looked onD. looked up( )20.A. oldB. strongC. fastD. free( )21.A. triedB. fellC. practicedD. cheered ( )22.A. finallyB. easilyC. slowlyD. suddenly( )23.A. playerB. fighterC. soldierD. spider( )24.A. armyB. feelingC. opinionsD. family( )25.A. keptB. raisedC. stoppedD. joined三、阅读(共两节,满分45分)第一节:阅读理解。(共20小题,每题2分,满分40分)(A)We often hear stories of animals rescuing people .But now someone has managed to return the favor . The event took place one snowy January morning Thomas Smith was walking his dog, Jack, in the park.“ As I was walking, I just saw Jack running onto the ice towards the ducks in the middle, and then he fell into the water and couldn’t climb out, ”said Smith. He realized he had no choice but to try and save his dog.“ someone else told me the lake was only one - meter deep, but it was at least twice that. I had to break my way through the 6- cm ice. Finally, I got Jack by the neck, and pulled him out. I don’t think I have ever felt so cold by the time we got back to dry land. And when we got there, everyone was asking if Jack was okay------ no one was particularly worried, about me!” A neighbor, Julie Brown, saw it all happen.“The dog went onto an icy lake. All of a sudden, it started to go under. There were crowds of people around, and they were all shouting and screaming. Before I knew it, the owner Smith was in the water forcing his way through the ice. I can’t begin to imagine how cold it was. Everyone was very nervous, but he was as cool as a cucumber ----- he just crawled back out, put the dog on its lead, and went home.”Many regard him as a hero, but Mr. Smith is quite laid- back about it.“Most dog owners are the same as me.They would do what I did without a second thought. But in the future, I’m going to make sure he’s on lead near any ice ponds, Pets are members of our family. Would you do the same for them?26.What happened on and put the morningA. Mr. Smith met Jack in the park . B. Mr. Smith ran after Jack on the ice.C. Jack fell from the ice into the water. D. Jack played with the ducks in the water. 27.How did Mr. Smith save Jack?A. He asked a neighbor for help B. He broke the ice and shouted to Jack.C. He got Jack by the leg and pulled him out. D. He pulled Jack out of the icy water by the neck. 28.The underlined phrases“ as cool as a cucumber” in Paragraph 3 means “___________”A. relaxed B. proud C. shy D. brave 29.In the last paragraph, the writer asks a question to _____________.A. suggest keeping pets for fun. B. remind people to put their dogs on the leads.C. encourage people to take good care of their pets. D. advise people not to leave their dog near icy pounds .30.What is the best part of the passageA. A Man’s Pet Dog B.A Dog’s Best FriendC. The Danger on the Icy Lake D. Suggestions for Pets’ Owners  (B)Tim Berners-Lee is not the most famous inventor in the world. However, his invention has changed our lives.He was born in London, England in 1955. When he was a small boy, Tim was interested in playing with electrical things. He studied science at Oxford University. He made his first computer from an old television at the age of 21.Tim started working on early computers. At that time, they were much bigger than now. He worked in England then Switzerland. Tim was really interested in two things, computers and how the brain works. How could the brain connect so many facts so quickly? He had to work with people all over the world. They shared information about computers. It was hard to manage all the information. He answered the same questions again and again. took a lot of time. It was even difficult for computers in the same office in Switzerland to share information. Tim also forgot things easily. Could a computer work like a brain? Could it “talk” to other computers?There was an Internet already but it was difficult to use. In 1989, Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web (WWW) all by himself. This had a special language that helped computers talk to each other on the Internet. When people wanted to share information with others, they used the World Wide Web. The Internet grew quickly after that.Tim Berners-Lee doesn’t think he did anything special. He says that all of the ideas about the Internet were already there. All he did was to put them together. He says that many other people worked together to make the Internet what it is today.Most inventors want to become rich. But Tim gave away the World Wide Web for nothing. He now works in America. He helps people share technology and wants the Internet to be free for everyone to use. Maybe he is the most important but least famous inventor in the world today!31. What was Tim Berners-Lee interested in?A. Looking for jobs in different cities. B. Talking to people around the world.C. Studying how to connect computers. D. Exploring how to improve memory.32. The underlined word “It” in Paragraph 3 refers to “__________”.A. Working on early computers B. Connecting different facts togetherC. Travelling to the office in Switzerland D. Repeating the answers to the same questions33. Why is Tim Berners-Lee one of the most important men in the world?A. He made information sharing on the Internet possible.B. He made the first computer when he was 21 years old.C. He helped people understand better how the brain works.D. He invented the Internet and made it free for everyone to use.34. In what order did the following events take place?a. Tim worked in England. b. Tim worked in Switzerland. c. Tim made his first computer.d. Tim invented the World Wide Web. e. Tim studied science at Oxford University.A. c – e – d – a - b B. e – b – a – c - d C. c – d – a – e - b D. e – c – a – b - d35. What does the writer think of Tim Berners-Lee?A. He is not famous because he is not rich. B. He has changed our lives and he is great.C. He did nothing special but make people a good life. D. He has made great achievements in memory research. (C)LibrariesPublic libraries Most towns in Britain have a public library. A library usually has a large selection of books and other resources, which library members can use and borrow for free. Britain’s First Public Library The first public library in Britain opened in Manchester in1852. It’s first librarian was a man called Edward Edwards, Edwards attended the library’s opening ceremony and two famous writers called Charles Dickens and William Thackeray were there too. How to Join aLibrary To join a library, go to your local library and fill in a form. you’ll receive a library card which is needed when using library service.Mobile Libraries Not everyone can get a library. Some people live far away from towns and cities. Other people find it difficult to go out because they have an illness or a disability .Thanks to mobile libraries, these people can still borrow books. Unlike most libraries, which store books in buildings, mobile libraries usually keep their books in a mini –bus. The back of the mini- bus has shelves for the books, and it is big enough for borrowers to step inside and look around. A driver takes the mini-bus to a certain place at a certain time, so people know when to expect it. They can then return their books and borrow some more .All Aboard the Library A school in London didn’t have space for a library inside the building. However, everybody agreed that it was still important to have a school library. So the head of the school, Graham Blake decided to park an old bus on the school car park and changed it into a library. Pupils helped to paint the bus, and after eight months, the new library was ready .36. Who was the first librarian of the first public library in Britain?A. Charles Dickens. B. William Thackeray C. Edward Edwards. D. Graham Blake37. Who can use public library services?A. CD or DVD sellers. B. Anyone living in Britain. C. A person with a library card. D. Newspaper or book writers.38. What is special about the mobile library?A. Keeping books in buildings. B. Returning books to readers.C. Offering special services to pupils. D. Going to a certain place at a certain time.39. Why did the school in London build its library on an old bus?A. Because parents offered the school an old bus. B. Because pupils thought it was fun to read on a bus.C. Because the school didn’t have enough money to buy books.D. Because the school didn’t have enough space inside the building.40. What can we learn from the passage?A. Schools in London like mobile libraries. B. Public library services in the UK are free.C. People living far away can’t use libraries. D. Many famous British writers lived in Manchester.(D)    People can’t see you when you’re speaking on the phone, but they can hear you. So, the way you speak is especially important. In fact, researchers have calculated that 80% of communication over the phone is through your tone of voice; and only 20% is from the words you use. Here are our top tips on how to speak over the phone.1. Facial ExpressionsYour facial expression can influence your voice. For example, if you smile, your voice will sound warm and friendly, just the opposite, if you have an angry look on your face, it can make you sound unpleasant.2. VolumeIf you speak too loudly, you could sound angry. And if you speak too softly, it’ll be difficult to hear you. So, speak loudly enough to be heard clearly, but not so loud that you’re shouting.3. PaceThe pace of your voice is how quickly you speak. And this can show how you feel. For example, an angry person might speak faster than normal. Or a downhearted person might speakvery slowly. Try speaking a little more slowly than normal. This will make you sound confident, and it’ll make it easier for the other person to understand you.4. GesturesGesturing can influence the tone of your voice. When you gesture, you bring more air into the lungs, which can make your voice sound warmer. Gestures are also useful to help you stress the right words or even find the words you need. The best thing about gesturing during a phone call is that no one can see what you’re doing, so you can gesture as wildly as you like!5. MovementIf you’re feeling nervous, stand up and move around. It will reduce the nervousness in your body and help your voice to sound more confident.6. Pauses (停顿)Using pauses every now and then can help you to slow down. This will make you sound more confident and in control. Also, if you pause after giving some new information, it’ll give the other person time to understand it. At the same time, listen to how the other person uses pauses. They could tell you something about the speaker’s feeling. For example, when a speaker is really angry, he might use pauses and says, “I... am... so... angry...”41. How much of telephone communication is from the words you use?A. 20%. B. 40%. C. 60%. D. 80%.42. What can people do to reduce their nervousness on the phone?A. Gesture wildly. B. Move around. C. Raise their voices. D. Make facial expressions.43. How can pauses help people talk on the phone?A. The speaker can show he is friendly. B. The speaker can tell more information.C. The listener will feel confident and in control. D. The listener will have time to understand the words.44. What is the passage mainly about?A. How to control the speed of your speech. B. Different good ways of talking on the phone.C. Reasons of making gestures while talking. D. How to improve communication among friends.45. What is the writer’s opinion about telephone talk?A. Your voice on the phone will show what you’re feeling. B. Using too many pauses while talking will annoy others.C. Speaking loudly makes it easier for others to understand you.D. The words you use are more important than the way you speak.第二节  阅读填空(共5小题,每题1分,满分5分)阅读短文及文后A~E选项,选出可以填入46~50各题空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。In the middle of my home country there are very large places. They are hot and dry land called deserts. 46. ____________ Families live a long way from other people. Sometimes they are the only people for thousands of kilometres. 47. ____________About 65 years ago these people found that using strong radios was a possible way for families living far away to communicate with each other. They decided they could use the radios for school. In this way, children could talk to each other like at school. 48. ____________The children each spent about 30 minutes a day on the radio. They talked to their teacher about their work and difficulties. The teacher designed some exercises and tasks based on what they learned and posted them to the children. After finishing their work, the children sent it back to their teacher to mark. 49. ____________ He tried to visit each child twice each year. This was sometimes difficult. The journey was very long and could be dangerous. In addition, the school held camps once a year. The children could all meet each other and shared their learning experience.50. ____________. The government provides families with computers so that the children canuse the Internet to talk to their teachers and classmates by e-mail now. The teachers enjoy their work very much because they get to know the children and their families very well. It is an interesting way to learn, don’t you think?A. The teacher also travelled around the country.B. All over the deserts are farms and small towns.C. This was how the first“ School of the Air” started.D. This families’ children cannot go to school like you.E. With the development of technology, computers are becoming popular.四、写作(共四小节,满分35分)第一节:单词拼写(共6小题,每题1分,满分6分)51. Where is my phone? I can’t f__________ it.52. I woke up late today so I had to hurry to get r__________ for school.53. Your hands are very dirty. Go and w__________ them now, Ben!54. As usual, she left her room c__________ and tidy before going to school.55. The sofa is terribly heavy. Can you move it by y__________?56. At the weekend, you may play a computer g__________, but you mustn’t play for more than 30minutes.第二节:完成句子(共7小题,每空0.5分,满分14分)根据所给的汉语内容,用英语完成下列句子。(每空限填一词)57. 我去过海南岛两次了。 I ________ ________ ________ Hainan Island twice.58. 昨晚我直到爸妈回家才睡觉。Last night I ________ ________ to bed ________my parents got home..59. 小梅多么忙碌!她总是第一个来,最后一个走。________ ________ Xiao Mei is!She is always the first to come and the last to leave.60. 在中国人民的帮助下,肯尼亚在几个月前建成了一条新的现代化铁路。With the help of the Chinese people, anew and modern railway in Kenya ________ ________ several months ago.61. 我和朋友都喜爱诵读中国诗词。我们每周都分享感受。________ my friends ________ I enjoy reading Chinese poems. We share our feelings every week.62. 我不明白为什么他们在这个时候踢足球。I can’t understand ________ ________ ________ ________ football at this moment.63. 不要放弃,终有一天你会成功。 Don’t ________ ________, and you’ll succeed one day.第三节:书面表达(满分15分)假如你发明的“飞行单车”在学校科技节中获奖,被推荐参加一个国际青少年科技展览。请用英语介绍你的发明,内容包括下图中1-4项.“飞行单车”1.外观:两个轮子,两只翅膀2.用途:行驶于地面和空中、可拍照、能对话3.特点:速度快、使用太阳能、环保4.改进计划(1~2点)注意:(1)参考词汇:轮子wheel 太阳能solar power (2)词数80左右(文章的开头己给出,不计入词数)。(3)不得透露学校、姓名等任何个人信息,否则不予评分。My invention is a flying bike. ...___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 9 / 9
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