• / 8
  • 下载费用:5 金币  

【可编辑】2017年广州中考英语模拟卷含答案.doc

关 键 词:
可编辑 编辑 2017 广州 中考 英语 模拟 答案
资源描述:
2017广州中考英语模拟卷一、语法选择(共15小题:每小题1分,满分15分)阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,从1-15各题所给的A、B、C和D项中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。Cold weather during winter months may keep many people from 1 home and running in the open air. 2 , a new study shows 3 the drop in temperature is a good reason to run. In fact, researchers say, running in cold weather 4 improve one’s performance(身体机能). Many people say running in winter is difficult. Two reasons are the low temperatures and bitter winds. Yet many runners might find 5 easier than running in hot weather. That could be because lower temperatures reduce stress on the body. When you run in cold weather, your heart rate is 6 than in warmer conditions. Besides, the body needs less water 7 a cold day than in warm weather. This information comes from John Brewer, a sports scientist at St. Mary’s University in London. Brewer says every movement runners make produces heat. He explains that one way in which we lose heat 8 by sweating , and that the body also loses heat by transporting the blood to the surface of the skin. But sweating puts much strain(张力)on the heart, particularly in hot conditions because it is 9 harder to lose heat when the external environment is warm 10 .In addition, running in higher temperatures results in faster heart rates. Scientists found, 11 , that heart rates were about 6 percent higher in the hotter conditions. However, running in cooler temperatures has 12 advantages. One is that the body does not have to work so hard to pump blood to the 13 surface in cooler temperatures, which means running requires less energy. Several websites note that the most important thing for people 14 run in cold conditions is to wear the right clothing. And especially, keeping as dry as possible is very important 15 exercising in low temperatures. (294 words)( )1.A. leave B. leaving C. left D. to leave ( )2.A. But B. Therefore C. However D. yet ( )3.A. what B. that C.whether D.if( )4.A. help B. to help C. helps D. helping ( )5.A. that B. this C. its D. it ( )6.A. lower B. low C. lowest D. more low ( )7.A. at B. of C. in D. on ( )8.A. are B. is C. were D. was ( )9.A. many B. more C. much D. most ( )10.A. as well B. also C. nor D. either( )11.A. such as B. meanwhile C. besides D. for example ( )12.A. any B. some C. much D.few( )13.A. skins’ B. skin C. skin’s D. skins ( )14.A. which B. whom C. whose D. who ( )15.A. when B. after C. before D.until二、完形填空(共10小题:每小题1.5分,满分15分)阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从16-25各题所给的A、B、C、D项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。I feel good when people I trust say 16 things about me. It helps me to have positive thoughts about my abilities, and it 17 a smile to my face. Most of us know people who always emphasize(强调)our best characteristics (品质)and who make us feel good about ourselves. People like that are important in our life. They are 18 friends who make us feel warm and loved. I also know people who always have negative(否定的) opinions about life and the world in general. These people 19 have anything positive to say. Most of the time, I try not to pay much attention to this type of person or their negative 20 . However, 21 are also many people in my life whose opinions I value(重视)and trust very much. When they 22 objective (客观的)comments on me, I try my best to listen very carefully to them. There is an old 23 that the good medicine tastes bitter. I believe that encouragement and stimulation(激励)from a trusted person can help us move forward with our lives. If we want to realize our goals and live a 24 life, we need to push ourselves and to test our limits. The phrase, “You can do better” is most valuable when we believe it to be the truth. No matter how difficult the task is, it becomes just a little easier when we trust ourselves and try to do better . We should be happy when we have people who care about us, tell us the truth, and 25 us encouragement that allows each of us to be the best. (268 words)( )16.A.good B. bad C. serious D. wrong ( )17.A.takes B. brings C. catches D. fetches ( )18.A.hopeful B. careful C. thankful D. trusted( )19.A.always B. often C. sometimes D. never ( )20.A.condition B. comments C. customs D. contract( )21.A.those B. these C. there D. here( )22.A.know B. send C. teach D. make ( )23.A.salon B. sentence C. saying D. story ( )24.A.happy B. negative C. longer D. poor( )25.A.push B. leave C. care D. offer三、阅读(共两节,满分45分)第一节 阅读理解(共20小题:每小题2分,满分40分)阅读下面短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 ADonald Trump(唐纳得特朗普), who was born in New York on June 14, 1946, was chosen the 45th president of the USA. This newly-chosen present is also an American businessman, writer, television personality and real-estate mogul (房地产大亨). Trump had a very comfortable childhood. After leaving the Kew-Forest School at the age of 13, he was sent to New York Military Academy(军事学院), where he completed his high school. In August 1964, Trump entered Fordham University. Trump had a great interest in real estate at that time, and his father had a strong effect on him in his decision to make a career in real estate development. Upon his graduation in 1968, Donald Trump joined his father’s company, the Trump Organization. Although he worked for his dad, Trump always spent long hours on the business. He then began to control the company in 1971 and two years later, in 1973, he became the president of the Trump Organization. Trump is well-known as a leading real estate developer in America because all his developments and projects have always been modern and have included new ideas. Trump has considered the idea of running for U.S president since 1988. In June 2015, he took part in the 2016 presidential election. And finally, on November 9, 2016, his dream came true after so many years’effort. He is going to take office on January 20, 2017. Therefore, at the age of 70, he will become the oldest and richest person to be the president in the US history.(252 words)( )26. How many titles (头衔) does Trump have according to paragraph.1 .A.2 B.3 C.4 D.5( )27. Put the following sentences in time order _____.a. Trump worked in his father’s company.b. Trump graduated from Fordham University.c. Trump took part in the presidential election.d. Trump became the president of the Trump Organization.A. a.b.d.c. B.b.a.c.d. C.b.a.d.c. D. a.d.b.c. ( )28. What’s the meaning of the underlined word “effect”(in paragraph 2) ?.A. 压力 B. 影响 C. 建议 D. 想法( )29. How many years does it take Trump to make his president dream come true?A. 28 B. 1 C.70 D. 29( )30. The passage mainly discusses ___________.A. Trump’s Characteristic and his familyB. Why Trump can be a successful businessman C. Trump’s life experience and careerD. How Trump becomes the US. PresidentBThe online marketer Amazon is opening a new kind of store. It is one where people do not have to wait in long lines to buy a product. Instead, the buyers use their smartphones to pay.The new store is in the American city of Seattle, Washington. It is called Amazon Go. It sells products that are normally(通常地)found in a grocery store (杂货店). What you will not find, however, are long lines and cashiers exchanging money.Customers must have a smartphone, an Amazon account, and a program on their smartphones: the Amazon Go app. The app makes a list of everything that customers plan to buy from the store. After customers have finished shopping, they can simply leave.The company has been working on creating the store for four years. Amazon says that because its new store does not require as many employees(员工), the prices of goods will remain low.Amazon Go became a hot topic this week on social media. One person called Mike published(发布)a photograph on Twitter, showing himself waiting in a very long line at a grocery store. He wrote,“I cannot wait for Amazon Go. Longest queue(队伍)in history.”But, it may be some time before Amazon Go stores open up in other areas. Even the Seattle store is still only open to Amazon employees. The company plans to open that store to the public in early 2017.(236 words) ( )31. What does this passage mainly talk about ?A. The online marketer Amazon plans to open new stores. B. New Amazon store lets customers avoid paying in long lines. C. Customers no longer wait in long lines at stores. D. Customers don’t use smartphones to buy things on Amazon Go.( )32. What’s special about the Amazon Go.?A. It only sells products that are found in grocery stores.B. It is an international store that spreads very fast.C. It has no cashiers there and customers pay on smartphones.D. It is a store where people have to wait in long lines.( )33. What do customers need if they want to pay on smartphones?A. a smart phone B. the Amazon Go app C. an Amazon account D. the above three( )34. What can we infer from the passage? . A. The price of goods will be higher in New Amazon store B. Customers can leave as soon as they finish shopping in Amazon Go. C. The New Amazon store in Seattle is open to the public. D. More New Amazon stores will be opened up in other countries very soon. ( )35. What’s Mike’s opinion on the Amazon Go? A. He thinks it interesting. B. He dislikes it. C. He is looking forward to it. D. He doesn’t care about it. CAnyone who has had a long-term illness knows that recovering at home can be lonely. This is can be especially true of children. They may feel isolated(孤立的)from their friends and classmates. Now, a small robot may help children who are recovering from a long-term illness in the hospital or at home. The robot takes their place at school. Through the robot, the children can hear their teachers and friends. They can also take part in classroom activities from wherever they are recovering – whether at home or from a hospital bed.The robot is called AV1.It is created by a company called “No Isolation”. AV1 goes to school for a child who is at home while recovering from a long-term illness. And the child’s school friends must help. They carry the robot between classes and place the robot on the child’s desk. Dolva, one co-funder (创始人)of No Isolation.explains how the robot AV1 works. She says,“the robot sits at the child's desk in the classroom and the child at home uses a tablet(平板电脑)or a phone to start it, control its movement with touch, and talk through it. So the robot becomes the eyes, the ears and the voice of the child at school.” The robot is equipped with speakers, microphones and cameras that make communicating easy. Moreover,The AVI was designed to be tough. It is water-resistant(防水) and can take a fall from a desk without damage. Inside AV1 is a small computer connected to a 4G network. AV1 is large and looks like a human for a reason. Dolva thinks this is important because the robot is expected to be a friend to the children.The robot just became available to the public. Hopefully AV1 will help some children feel less lonely while they are absent from class.(301 words)( )36. Where can we most probably read this passage?A. In a health report B. In a science bookC. In a travel guide D. In a fashion magazine( )37. What can children do with the help of the robot?A. They can recover from a long-term illness very soonB. They can see their teachers and friends at any timeC. They can do classroom activities at home or at a hospital bedD. They can ask the robot to do homework for them( )38. What does “it” in “the robot sits at... a phone to start it”mean?.A. the teacher B. the tablet C. the robot D. the phone( )39. AV1 has all the features (特点) except _________.A. It has speakers, microphones and camerasB. It has the same eyes, ears and voice as childrenC. It is large and looks like humanD. It has a computer connected to 4G network ( )40. Which one is the best title for this passage?.A. Robot helps sick children feel less lonelyB. Recovering from a long-term illnessC. AV1, a great robot D. Robot helps students at school DBooks for Children Fleabag and the Ring's EndBeth WebbMore stories of Fleabag, the talking cat—star of this wonderful set of 3 books.Ages 8—13, 208 pages, paper-back07459 44116, £3.99Star of WonderPat AlexanderA wonderful collection of Christmas stories and poems. Full of lively pages to read and enjoy.Ages 7—12, 224 pages, paper-back07459 39323, £4.99My Very First Christmas BookLois Rock and Alec AyliffeA big, bright book, which presents the story simply, and delightfully for very young children.Ages 0—3, 12 pages, 200mmx200mm, board07459 40560, £4.99The little White HouseElizabeth GoudgeA fairy tale and winner of the Carnegie Medal.Ages 8—12, 240 pages, paper-back07459 45783, £4.99The Not-So-Wise ManAlan MacDonald and Andrew RowlandWe all know about the 3 Wise Men who traveled to Bethlehem(伯利恒)and discovered the baby Jesus Christ. This is the tale of another one, who always missed the point.Ages 5—9, 32 pages, 270mm×210mm, hardback07459 38922, £8.99First Festival: ChristmasLois RockAn all-in-one book to help grown-ups and children prepare their Christmas celebration together. Presents, activities and customs.Ages 5—8, 48 pages, 290mm x 250mm, hardback07459 39074, £8.99( )41. If you want to make a Christmas plan together with your children, which book do you prefer?A.Star of Wonder B.The Not-So-Wise ManC.First Festival: Christmas D.My Very First Christmas Book( )42. Which number would you dial if you want to order a book for your 2-year-old child?A.07459 40560. B.07459 38922.C.07459 45783. D.07459 44116.( )43. If your child wants to read stories of animals, whose book will be your choice?A.Pat Alexander B.Beth Webb. C.Lois Rock. D.Elizabeth Goudge.( )44. Which book has the second fewest pages?A. Star of Wonder B. First Festival: Christmas C. The little White House D. The Not-So-Wise Man( )45. If you are 10 years old, which books are suitable for you?A. The Not-So-Wise Man, Star of Wonder, Fleabag and the Ring's End B. The little White House, First Festival: Christmas, Star of Wonder,C. Star of Wonder, My Very First Christmas Book, The little White HouseD. The little White House, Star of Wonder, Fleabag and the Ring's End第二节 阅读填空(共5题;每小题1分,满分5分)根据短文内容,将下面A—E五个句子分别填入文中的空缺处,使补全后的短文意思通顺,结构完整。请把答案的编号在答题卡上相应的题号涂黑,E选项涂AB两个字母。Chinese love to eat because food is thought to be the most important way to communicate. So some people often order so many dishes that they can’t eat them up. Chinese government asks the public not to waste food anytime. C56 .The managers of some restaurants are doing what they can to help people to reduce food waste. A 57 , the waiters should remind them to reduce the number of dishes kindly, or the waiters should ask them to take the leftover(剩余物)with them.Zhong Li, a famous woman, said,“ E 58 , even sometimes we can order a half so that we won’t waste.” Once Zhong Li ordered half a Beijing Duck and some vegetables. She believed that saving food didn’t mean losing face. 59 D . We call it “cleaning the plates”. Xu Jun has done it for years. He said, “ 60 B . However, many people have thrown away a whole chicken or fish.” Cleaning the plates is not only to save food, but also to protect the environment and our health.A. If customers order more than they can eatB. There are still a lot of people who don’t have enough to eatC. Restaurants have also joined the actionD. Some people like eating up everything on their platesE. I think we should order enough food we like四、写作(共三节,满分35分)第一节 单词拼写(共6小题:每小题1分,满分6分)根据句子及所给单词的首字母写出所缺单词。在填写答卷时,要求写出完整单词。(每空限填一词)51.If you don’t study hard, I am afraid you will f_____ the exam again.52. I often play computer games in my s______ time. What about you?53. Going to bed too late is a bad h______ and it’s not good for your health. 54. G______ what is in my hand, if you are right, you will get a prize.55. Would you like to know the r_____ of our English competition?56. There was a big disaster. Luckily, no one was h________.第二节 完成句子(共7小题:每小题2分,满分14分)根据所给的汉语内容,用英语完成下列句子。(每空限填一词)57. 亚运会之前,广州建立了许多体育场馆。_______ the Asian Games, many sports stadiums _______ ________ _______ in Guangzhou.58. 地板太脏!不用脱鞋。 ________ _______ the floor is! Don’t ______ _______ the shoes.59. 我还没适应在广州居住,天气变化太大。 I haven’t _______ _______ _______ _______ in Guangzhou, because weather is always changing.60.初三功课太多,许多学生几乎没时间做运动。 There ______ homework in Grade9 _______ many students have no time to do sports. 61.你能告诉我搭车到机场需要多少时间吗? Can you tell me ________ _______ ________ _________ to the airport by bus?62. 直到离开学校,我才认识到学习的重要性。I realize the importance of study I left school.63. 周末时间,我更喜欢宅在家里。I ______ _______ stay at home at the weekend.第三节 书面表达 (共1题,满分15分)2016年我国首次将高考作弊列入刑事处罚,成为史上最严高考。此事引起社会广泛关注。作为一名中学生,请你根据以下提示,就“学生考试作弊”这一话题,谈谈自己的看法。作弊行为1、携带纸条进入考室;2、偷看旁边同学的答案;3、用电子产品如: 微型耳机,智能手机等传递答案。作弊原因1、 大部分时间懒惰不努力学习;2、 想取得好成绩,进入好高中或好大学;3、 父母的压力,想让他们开心。你的观点…作文要求:1、内容必须包括所有提示信息,可适当发挥。2、文中不能出现自己的真实姓名和学校名称。3、不少于80词(文章开头已给出,不计入总词数)参考词汇:exam-room考室, exam-cheating考试作弊, electronic products电子产品, micro-earphones微型耳机, competing environment竞争环境It’s very common for students to cheat in the exams. In 2016,our country passed a law that fights against this kind of law-broken behavior. It is reported that答案一、语法选择(共15题,每题1分,计15分)1-5 BCBCD 6-10 ADBCA 11-15 DBCDA二、完形填空 (共10题,每题1.5分,计15分)16-20 ABDDB 21-25 CDCAD三、阅读理解第一节 阅读选择(共20题,每题2分,计40分)26-30 DCBAC 31-35 BCDBC 36-40 BCCBA 41-45 CABDD第二节 阅读填空(共5题,每题1分,计5分)46-50 CAEDB四、写作第一节 词汇(共6题,每题1分,计6分)51.fail 52. spare 53. habit 54.guess 55.result 56. hurt第二节 完成句子 (共7题,每题2 分,共14分)57. Before, were set up 58.How dirty, take off59. got used to living 60.is so much that61. how long it takes 62.didn’t until/till 63. prefer to第三节 写作 (15分)It’s very common for students to cheat in the exams. In 2016, our country passed a law that fights against this kind of law-broken behavior. It is reported that some students carry some important information or notes into the exam-room. Some students copy other’s answers. What’s more, others use electronic products, such as mobile phones, micro-earphones to pass on the answers.There are many reasons for students to cheat in the exam. Firstly, some students are too lazy to work hard most of the time. Secondly, they want to get good grades in order to enter a good high school or a good university. Lastly, some students have too much pressure from their parents and teachers. They only want to make them happy.In my opinion, it is dishonest of the students to cheat in the exams, this may lead them to a wrong road in the future and it is unfair for other students. In order to create a fair competing environment, we should say No to the exam-cheating. 8
展开阅读全文
  语墨文库所有资源均是用户自行上传分享,仅供网友学习交流,未经上传用户书面授权,请勿作他用。
0条评论

还可以输入200字符

暂无评论,赶快抢占沙发吧。

关于本文
本文标题:【可编辑】2017年广州中考英语模拟卷含答案.doc
链接地址:http://www.wenku38.com/p-58965.html

                                            站长QQ:1002732220      手机号:18710392703    


                                                          copyright@ 2008-2020 语墨网站版权所有

                                                             经营许可证编号:蜀ICP备18034126号

网站客服微信
收起
展开