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【可编辑】2017年江苏省南京市中考英语试题(含答案).doc

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可编辑 编辑 2017 江苏省 南京市 中考 英语试题 答案
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南京市2017年初中毕业生学业考试英 语注意事项:1. 本试卷共8页。全卷满分90分。考试时间为90分钟。试题包含选择题和非选择题。考生答题全部答在答题卡上,答在本试卷上无效。2. 请认真核对监考教师在答题卡上所粘贴条形码的姓名、考试证号是否与本人相符合. 再将自己的姓名、考试证号用0. 5毫米黑色墨水签字笔填写在答题卡及本试卷上。3. 答选择题必须用2B铅笔将答题卡上对应的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,请用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案。答非选择题必须用0. 5毫米黑色墨水签字笔写在答题卡的指定位置,在其他位置答题一律无效。 选择题 (共40分) 一、单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分. 满分15分) 请认真阅读下列各题,从题中所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项. 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。1. Here is Nancy’s plan for one week during her summer holiday. What kind of plan is this?A. A party plan. B. A trip plan. C. An exercise planD. An eating plan2. Look! There ________ a photo of our English teacher in today’s newspaper! A. is B. are C. have D. has3. Over 10, 000 runners joined a half and a mini marathons in Xianlin, Nanjing ________ May 7, 2017. A. in B. on C. at D. by4. —I go swimming every day. —Wow! That’s a good ________. It keeps you healthy. A. march B. task C. habit D. dream5. —Excuse me, but can you tell me where the nearest bank is?—Just ________ going for two more blocks and you’ll see it. A. keep B. to keep C. keeping D. keeps6. —Did Alice tell you ________ to get to the station?—Yes, she said we would meet there at ten. A. how B. what C. when D. where7. —Who threw the empty bottles on the floor? —I don’t know. They’re not ________. Ask Max, please. A. I B. me C. my D. mine8. Linda and Kitty will go to Greenery Theme Park by ________ next Sunday. A. they B. them C. their D. themselves9. —Millie, ________ do you take the course in DIY?—Every Saturday afternoon. A. how long B. how far C. how much D. how often10. —Would you like some green tea?—No, thanks. I ________ drink green tea. It hurts my stomach. A. almost B. seldom C. only D. still11. —When did the classroom have a power cut?—This morning, while we ________ a physics lesson. A. have had B. were having C. are having D. will have12. Give me a chance, ________ I’ll prove it to you.A. and B. till C. though D. while13. —We can’t enter the room. I can’t find my key. —Is it possible that you ________ it at home?A. left B. fixed C. managed D. designed14. How should you add the correct punctuation marks to the following sentence?A. Amy said “If it rains tomorrow, we’ll stay at home.”B. Amy said “if it rains tomorrow, we’ll stay at home.”C. Amy said, if it rains tomorrow, we’ll stay at home. D. Amy said, “If it rains tomorrow, we’ll stay at home.”15. —Hello, Helen! Can I see Mr Smith?—________. I’ll tell him you are here. A. Never mind B. It sounds like fun C. Just a minute D. Sorry to hear that二、完形填空 (共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 请认真阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。You and your family are planning a picnic for tomorrow. But you want to 16 the weather forecast (预报) first to see whether there will be rain or not. Your father turns on the television and the family listens to the l 7 make the weather report. “It will be partly cloudy tomorrow morning, 18 clearing by early afternoon. The high tomorrow will be 85.”As there will be no rain, the whole family feels 19 . Without the weather forecast, you would not know this, and you would just have to take your chances. But now, you can plan your picnic 20 worrying whether it will rain or not. The man you can thank for this is Cleveland Abbe. He is known as the father of the weather bureau. He was the first person to publish 21 weather forecasts in the United States. Abbe began his daily weather bulletins (简报) in 1869. They were based on weather 22 he drew from telegraphed reports of weather conditions. Because of their accuracy (准确), the reports were 23 . Congress (国会) became 24 in Abbe’s weather reports. They made Abbe a meteorologist (someone who studies weather conditions), and he 25 issuing (发布) forecasts three times a day. He was the first official forecaster of the U.S. Weather Service. Because he often forecast probable storms, Abbe earned the nickname of “Old Probabilities.”16. A. produce B. spread C. check D. organize17. A. fireman B. postman C. fisherman D. weatherman18. A. so B. but C. after D. because19. A. happy B. worried C. stressed D. curious20. A. about B. without C. against D. from21. A. online B. polluted C. daily D. indoor22. A. maps B. stations C. space D. centres23. A. strange B. popular C. terrible D. useless24. A. successful B. similar C. bored D. interested25. A. avoided B. began C. minded D. risked三、阅读理解 (共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分) 请认真阅读下列材料,从材料后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。A26. The note told Greg his mother was ________.A. not at homeB. in the gardenC. washing the dog D. making afternoon tea 27. What did Greg have to do in his room? A. Wash his uniform. B. Feed the pets. C. Have a rest. D. Make it tidy. 28. What did Greg’s mother ask him to do first? A. Go outside. B. Brush the cat. C. Have afternoon tea. D. Change his clothes. Alum BJust like a car engine needs petrol(汽油), your body needs fuel(燃料;养料). It needs food! The things you eat and drink are turned into energy. You need energy for everything—playing, walking, running, thinking—even sleeping. Feeling hungry may mean you are running low on energy. If it is not mealtime, you may need a snack to re-fuel. But what sort of snack should you eat? This is like choosing the right fuel for a car. Some cars, such as racing cars, need the best fuel to go fast and keep their engines running smoothly. So, if you want to be at your most lively, choose the best fuel. This means eating healthy snacks. There is no better way to keep your engine running smoothly!Healthy SnacksEat these often.Unhealthy SnacksEat these only sometimes.●Nuts ●Seeds●Dried fruit ●Fresh vegetables● Fresh fruit●Chips ●Lollies●Soft drinks ●Chocolate bars●Biscuits29. What does “It” mean in the underlined sentence “It needs food!”?A. Fuel. B. Petrol. C. Your body. D. A car engine. 30. When you are running low on energy, you may feel ________. A. smooth B. hungry C. lively D. energetic31. The writer thinks it is better to ________. A. eat chips and biscuits B. eat healthy snacks at mealtimesC. eat seeds than vegetables D. eat healthy snacks between mealsCHere is an experiment (实验) to see how ants can organize some clever teamwork. What’s going on?You can see one of the best examples of insect teamwork by watching ants. If one ant finds food, it leads others there to eat it too. They follow each other by making long trails. The ants go back and forth collecting food, to take back to their nest (穴). When you move the fruit, the ants will still find it. But, instead of making a new direct route (路线) to the food, they will follow each other through their old trail route. 32. What will happen if one ant finds food?A. The ant will eat all the food. B. The ant will watch other ants. C. The ant will lead others to the food. D. The ant will wait until others come. 33. If the fruit is moved to a new position, the ants will ________. A. rail to find it B. give up looking for itC. make a new direct route to it D. get to it through the old trail route34. Which is the correct order to do this experiment?a. Move the fruit to a new position. b. Find an ant. c. Check the fruit an hour later. d. Put a thin slice of fruit in front of the ant. A. a-b-c-d B. b-d-c-a C. d-b-c-a D. c-a-d-b35. What can we learn from this experiment? A. The experiment is done successfully in the lab. B. Ants do the experiment to show their team spirit. C. Careful watching does little help in this experiment. D. We can find out some facts by doing small experiments. D(an extract from Probuditi!)Calvin waited outside Trudy’s bedroom. Then it happened—a scream, a very loud scream. Calvin ran to his room and dived into bed. He heard Mama coming down the hall. “Did you do this?” his mother asked. Calvin looked out from under the covers. His mother stood over him, holding a rubber spider. “Do what?” he asked. “You put that thing in my bed,” Trudy told him, stepping out from behind Mama. “Don’t think that just because it’s your birthday you can get away with something like this,” Mama scolded (责骂). “You do want your present, don’t you?” That wiped the smile off Calvin’s face. “Course I do,” he said. “Then you apologize (道歉).”Calvin dropped his head. “Sorry Trudy,” he muttered (嘟囔). “Here,” Mama said. “Happy birthday.” At the breakfast table she handed Calvin an envelope. Inside were tickets to the matinee show of Lomax the Magnificent, the world-famous magician and hypnotist. “You’ve got two tickets there,” Mama said, “and I know someone who’d really love to go along.” She smiled at Trudy. “You don’t mean here, do you?” Calvin asked, eyeing his little sister. “Well, that would be really nice. But those tickets are yours. If you want to ask somebody—” Calvin didn’t wait for his mother to finish. He rushed out of the house to cell Rodney, his pal next door, that the two of them were going to see Lomax the Magnificent. 36. Who screamed at the beginning?A. Calvin. B. Calvin’s sister. C. Calvin’s friend. D. Calvin’s mother. 37. Calvin apologized to Trudy ________. A. unwillingly B. truly C. happily D. excitedly38. Calvin received his present ________.A. in the kitchen B. in his bed C. inside the theatre D. outside his house39. Calvin’s mother Rally wanted Calvin to ________.A. ask his friend to the show B. find out what his friend thoughtC. do what she thought was right D. watch the show without his sister40. What is the best title for this passage?A. Trudy’s Spider B. Mother’s TicketsC. Calvin’s Birthday D. Rodney’s Present非选择题 (共50分)四、填空 (共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分) A)请根据括号中所给的汉语写出单词,使句子意思完整正确,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为41-45的相应横线上。41. —What do I need to make a thank-you card? —You need some ▲ (纸), glue and a pair of scissors. 42. These kinds of plants ▲ (生长) in the northern part of our country. 43. So far, our football team has won every match this year. That makes us feel ▲ (自豪的). 44. Liu Hao is the chief ▲ (工程师) of the high-speed railway connecting Moonlight Town to Nanjing. 45. More than six ▲ (百) teams took part in 2017 Nanjing primary and secondary school robot competition in May. B)请根据句子意思,用括号中所给单词的适当形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为46-50的相应横线上。46. Wild animals which are now in danger need our ▲ (protect). 47. This machine can ▲ (translate) simple messages into 24 different languages. 48. My daughter is much ▲ (tall) now. The jeans she wore last year are already too short. 49. Libraries or reading corners ▲ (build) in hope primary schools along the way of Long March in a few years. 50. About 1,200 ▲ (guest) who were born in Jiangsu attended the first Jiangsu Development Summit in Nanjing. C)请根据对话内容,从下列方框中选择适当的单词或短语填空,使对话内容完整正确,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为51—55的相应横线上。know have a look at attractive then anything special (Li Hua and Peter are chatting in the students’ dining room.)Li Hua: Here’s today’s Jinling Evening. Peter: Can I 51 it?Li Hua: Sure, go ahead. Peter: I want to know what’s on this weekend. Let me see now. Li Hua:Is there 52 on?Peter: Children will have close contacts with shadow plays in Confucius Temple this Saturday morning. Do you 53 anything about it?Li Hua: They will invite Nanjing shadow play masters to perform (表演) the traditional plays for children. They’re said to be 54 . What time will the shadow plays start?Peter: At nine. Will you be free?Li Hua: Yes, I’ll be free. I’d like to go. Peter: Let’s go together 55 . I’ll meet you in Confucius Temple at eight thirty. Li Hua: Good! See you then. Bye! 五、阅读填空 (共20小题:每小题1分,满分20分) A)请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中第56-65小题的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。注意:每个空格只填1个单词。请将答案填写在答题卡标号为56-65的相应横线上。Many countries all over the world have National Parks. There are about 7, 000 National Parks around the world. Most of them protect natural settings as well as the plants and animals that live there, but a few are in towns and cities. Are there National Parks in England?There are nine National Parks in England. The first three were the Peak District, the Lake District and Dartmoor, which were all named as National Parks in 1951. Others followed afterwards, such as the North York Moors in 1952, the New Forest in 2005 and the South Downs in 2010.Are National Parks in England the same as those in other countries? Many National Parks around the world cover huge areas of land where nobody lives, but in England most of the countryside within them is useful for farming and other activities. As a result, National Parks in England include places where people live and work, as well as wild and beautiful areas where there is little sign or human life. Why do visitors go to the National Parks? There are plenty of activities to do in all of the National Parks in England. Visitors can walk or cycle, following marked route, and many of the parks organize activities for families. Are there any problems in the National Parks? There are about 110 million visitors to the parks every year, bringing many benefits to the areas but creating problems too. Many popular towns and villages can be swamped (充斥) by visitors. This results in overcrowded car parks and roads choked (堵塞) with traffic. Life can be difficult for people who live there, as more and more gift shops and cafes are opened instead of those everyday shops; in popular areas, house prices can become too high for local people making it hard for them to stay in the area. Another major problem is litter. In the parks it is a particular (特别的) danger to animals. Broken glass can also cause fires by focusing the rays of the sun. When these start in wild places, they are much harder to control and can damage (毁坏) large areas very quickly. How can people help?All National Parks in England promote (倡导) the Countryside Code, which tells people how to take care of their environment. If these rules are followed, the National Parks will be protected and continue to give pleasure to many people for a long time.National Parks in England 56 ◆ Most National Parks around the world are to protect nature.Development◆ Nine parks were named as National Parks in England in different 57 . 58 ◆ Many National Parks around the world are huge in area but 59 any people.◆ Most of the countryside in National Parks in England is used for farming and other activities.Reasons◆ Visitors can walk or cycle, following marked routes, and families are 60 with organized activities.Problems◆ Too many visitors can cause heavy 61 .◆ The disappearance of everyday shops makes 62 difficult.◆ Local people can hardly 63 to buy houses in popular areas.◆ Litter is 64 to animals. Fires caused by broken glass can damage large areas very quickly.Way out◆ People should 65 the rules of the Countryside Code.B)请根据短文内容及首字母提示,填写所缺单词,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为66-75的相应位置上。“Kids can make a difference.” Craig Kielburger said. When Craig was 12, he s 66 a group that has helped kids all over the world. How did Craig get started? In the seventh grade he learned something that made him a 67 . A 6-year-old boy in Pakistan was sent to work in a factory. The boy could not go to school. He could not even play. He had no freedom (自由) at all. Craig c 68 that with his own life. Laws in his country said that kids must go to school. E 69 was free to all kids. But in some countries school was not free. Children from poor families went to work instead of to school. Craig wanted to help those who didn’t have the same a 70 as he and his friends. As a result, Craig and some friends started Free The Children. Craig and his friends decided that Free The Children should r 71 money to build schools. Craig hoped that learning would help kids in poverty (贫困) live b 72 . Today, Craig’s charity has more than one million members in 45 countries. It is s 73 going strong. The money they have raised has done many good things. It has helped build more than 500 schools around the world. It also pays for health care in p 74 communities. Craig has had a lot of success. However, he still remembers his unpleasant start in the seventh grade. “We were laughed at by other kids, who said you c 75 change things,” he says. Still, Craig didn’t give up. Now he wants more kids to help. “Go to freethechildren.com. Bring it to your teachers,” he says. “As you gain more confidence, friends will join you. It just gets easier.”66.s ▲ 67.a ▲ 68.c ▲ 69.E ▲ 70.a ▲ 71.r ▲ 72.b ▲ 73.s ▲ 74.p ▲ 75.c ▲ 六、书面表达 (满分15分) 请根据杂志KIDVOICE的内容,以“Kids and Learning”为题,用英语写一篇短文,发表你的看法。KIDS HAVE AN OPINION TOO! Hi! I’m Sigmund Friend, the editor (编辑) of a new magazine KIDVOICE. We like hearing from kids. We know you’ve got things to say. We want to hear from you. Here is a topic you might have an opinion about. . .注意:1. 对所有要点逐一陈述,适当发挥。 2. 词数80左右,文章的开头已经给出,不计入总词数。3. 文中不得提及有关考生个人身份的任何信息,如校名、人名等。 Kids and LearningAll kids want to be good at learning. ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ 南京市2017年初中毕业生学业考试英语试卷参考答案及评分标准说明:本评分标准每题给出了一个或几个答案供参考,如果考生的答案与本答案不同,参照本评分标准的精神给分。一、单项填空(共15小题:每小题1分,满分15分)l. C2. A3. B4. C5. A]6. C7. D8. D9. D10. B二、完形填空(共10小题:每小题1分,满分10分)16. C17. D18. B19. A20. B21. C22. A23. B24. D25. B三、阅读理解(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)26. A27. D28. A29. C30. B31. D32. C33. D34. B35. D36. B 37. A 38. A 39. C 40. C四、填空(共15小题:每小题1分,满分15分)A)请根据括号中所给的汉语写出单词,使句子意思完整正确。41. paper42. grow43. proud44. engineer45. hundredB)请根据句子意思,用括号中所给单词的适当形式填空。46. protection47. translate48. taller49. will be built50. guestsC)请根据对话内容,从下列方框中选择适当的单词或短语填空,使对话内容完整正确。51. have a look at52.anything special53. know54. attractive55. then五、阅读填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分JA)请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中填入最恰当的单词。56. Purpose57. periods58. Differences59. without 60. provided61. traffic62. life63. afford64. dangerous65. follow/obeyB)请根据短文内容及首字母提示,填写所缺单词。66. started67. angry68. compared69. Education70. advantages7l. raise72. better73. still74. poor75. couldn't六、书面表达(满分15分)One possible version:All kids want to be good at learning. Howeveve, it’s not easy. In my opinion, those kids who are good at learning are able to manage their time very well. They not only work hard at their subjects but also enjoy playing games. Playing also helps them learn better.As to how kids balance learning and playing, the most important thing is to follow the rule—work while you work and play while you play. Moreover, kids should learn to work happily and relax totally.I’m sure a good balance between learning and playing can make a great contribution to kids’ growth.书面表达评分标准:第五档:(13—15分) 能写明全部要点, 语言基本无误或有少量拼写错误,行文流畅,表达清楚。第四档:(10—12分) 能写明大部分要点,语言有一些错误,但行文基本流畅,表达基本清楚。第三档:(7—9分) 能写明一些要点,语言错误较多,但意思基本连贯,表达基本清楚。第二档:(4—6分) 能写明少数要点,语言错误多,意思不连贯,影响意思表达。 第一档:(1—3分) 只能写出若干单词,无可读句子。
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