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【可编辑】2017最新广州版英语六年级上册知识点汇总.doc

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可编辑 编辑 2017 最新 广州 英语 六年级 上册 知识点 汇总
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2017最新广州版英语六年级上册知识点汇总知识点概要:Module 1 Country lifeUnit 1 What are those farmers doing?Unit 2 A country life is a healthy lifeModule 2 City lifeUnit 3 Where are you from?Unit 4 I like the city very muchModule 3 HealthUnit 5 What’s the matter with you?Unit 6 The secret to good healthModule 4 Past experiencesUnit 7 What did you do yesterday?Unit 8 A trip to Hong KongModule 5 ChangesUnit 9 Was I a good girl back then?Unit 10 Then and nowModule 6 FestivalUnit 11 I like the Spring Festival bestUnit 12 Christmas以下为详细内容▼Module 1 Country lifeUnit 1 What are those farmers doing?一、 词组feed the chickens and ducks feed the pigs feed the horse grow flowers and vegetables plant trees cut grass any other on the farm a few…二、 句型:1. What are those farmers doing? They’re cutting grass to feed the animals.2. What do you grow on your farm?3. We have a few goats and pigs.4. There are fruit trees in this field. 5. There is a cow on the farm.三、重点精析:1. any other + 名词单数, 指一堆当中的的某一个any other + 名词复数, 指一堆当中的一些如:Tom runs faster than any other student in his class. 汤姆比他班上的任何人都跑得快。 Are you taking any other drugs at present?  你现在还有服用其他的药吗?2. 表示肯定意义:a little / a few 有一点,有一些表示否定意义: little / few 几乎没有的 a few /few +可数名词复数 little / a little +不可数名词many /much 意为很多的 many +可数名词复数 much +不可数名词 3. use sth. to do sth. 用……做某事我用钢笔写信。___________________________________________4. many of them 他们中的许多人many of us many of the boys many of the young men5. be from = come frome 来自…… 他来自中国。______________________________________________6. also; too; either 的区别(1)also 意思是“也”,是比too较为正式的用语,通常用于肯定句中,一般靠近动词。如:He also asked to go.他也要求去。 I also went. 我也去的。 He came also. 他也来的。 (2)too 意思也是“也”,是最普通的用语,常与also通用,但不如also正式,在口语中它用得更多。too通常放有句末,它也通常用于肯定句中。如: I went there, too.我也到那儿去的。 Mother was angry too.母亲也发怒了。(3)either 意思也是“也”。它用于否定句中,而且要放在句末。如: If you do not go,I shall not either.倘若你不去,我也不去7. give … to… 把…… 给 …… give sth. to sb. = give sb. sth.如:Amy gives me a book. = Amy gives a book to me.8. There is a cow on the farm.There be 是英语中常用句型, 意思是“有”,表示“人或事物的存在”。There在此结构中是引导词,已经没有副词“那里”的含义。当主语是可数名词单数或不可数名词时,be动词要用is;当主语是可数名词复数时,be动词要用are;而它的否定形式是在be动词后面加not。同时,改为一般疑问句只需要把be动词提前。肯定回答为“Yes, there be.” 否定回答为”No, there be not.”如:There are five books, two pens and a ruler in the school bag.There is a ruler, two pens and five books in the school bag.四、重点语法:(一)名词单复数(1) 从单数变复数,变形规则如下:    1、一般情况下,直接加-s。如:book-books, bag-bags, cat-cats, bed-beds     2、以s. x. sh. ch结尾,加-es。如:bus-buses, box-boxes, watch-watches     3、以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变y为i, 再加-es。如:family-families(家庭), strawberry-strawberries(草莓) 4、以“f或fe”结尾,变f或fe为v, 再加-es。如:knife-knives     5、不规则名词复数: man-men woman-women policeman(男警察)-policemen policewoman(女警察)-policewomen mouse-mice     child(孩子)-children foot-feet tooth-teeth 单复同行:fish-fish sheep(羊)-sheep people-peopleChinese-Chinese Japanese-Japanese6、注意:当people后加上s时,即peoples表示“民族” 例如:There are 56 peoples in China. 中国有56个民族。 7、不可数名词 :water(水)  milk(牛奶) tea(茶)  rice(米饭)  orange(橙汁) juice(果汁) bread(面包)等 注意:1)可数名词,当表示“1”时用a还是an,由后面的单词的首个因素决定,辅音音素前用“a”,元音音素前用“an”。如:a book an English book2)不可数名词前不能用a或an,常用some,much,a little, a lot of, plenty of表示多少3)用单位词表示,即用a…of + 名词表示。如:a cup of 一杯…… a bottle of 一瓶…… a piece of 一张…… a basket of 一篮…… a can of 一罐…… a bag of 一袋……a pair of shoes 一双鞋 two cups of tea 两杯茶 five pieces of paper 五张纸Unit 2 A country life is a healthy life一、词组wake up more than plenty of ride a bike get home at that time thanks for lots of…二、句型1. A country life is a healthy life.2. It takes about 40 minutes.3. I am always very busy but I never feel tired, because I have plenty of exercise.4. When I get home after school, there is still much work to do.三、重点精析:1. live in + 大地点 live at + 小地点(如街道、街区等) live on + 楼层2. help sb. (to) do sth. 帮助某人做某事 help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事有时候我帮我妈妈清洁房间。____________________________________________我喜欢帮妈妈做家务。 ____________________________________________3. more than+数词 超过,多于如:More than thirty students are boys in our class. more than + 名词 不仅仅是如:Joe is more than a writer; he is a cook, too.more than + 形容词 很,非常如:I’m more than happy to see you.4. plenty of = a lot of = lots of + 可数名词复数 / 不可数名词 表示许多、大量5. It takes about 40 minutes. 这大约要花二十分钟。(1) It takes sb. + 时间 + to do sth. 表达花费某人多少时间他花了两天时间去读这本书。 ____________________________________________________从我家到学校大约要花费三十分钟。________________________________________________ Doing sth. takes sb. +时间 做某事花了某人多少时间写作业花了他两个小时。_________________________________________________(2) spend time / money on sth = spend time / money (in) doing sth.花费时间/金钱做某事他们花费了一个小时去游泳。_____________________________________________(3) sth. costs (sb.) + 金钱 某物花了(某人)多少钱 这本书花了他五十元。______________________________________________ (doing) sth. costs (sb.) + 时间 某物(做某事)花了(某人)多少时间喂马花了她一个小时。_______________________________________________(4) pay (sb.) money for sth. 付钱(给某人)买……我妈妈每个月给我付三百块钱的早餐费。_________________________________ Pay for sth. 付…… 的钱6. be busy doing sth = be busy with sth 忙于做某事He is busy doing homework. = He is busy with homework.7. Thanks for inviting us to your farm. Thanks for 感谢,多亏了 Thanks for your help. Module 2 City lifeUnit 3 Where are you from?一、重点单词Tall new wide crowded big modern large clean comfortable heavy slow quiet cheap noisy expensive…短语:be from visit a museum go to the cinema each other play with…二、句型:1. Where are you from? I am from New York City in America.2. It’s a big and modern city but it’s quite noisy. 3. Everything is very expensive in NewYork.三、重点精析:1. be from = come from 来自Where are you from? = Where do you come from? 你来自哪里?David来自美国。____________________________________________________你是来自法国的吗? ___________________________________________________2. be born 出生我出生于广州。_____________________________________________________你在哪里出生呢? ____________________________________________________3. go to the cinema = go to the moves 看电影go to + 名词 表示去某地或做某事go to the park go to the farm go to school go to workgo to the hospital go to the zoo go to sleep4. each other 互相 They always help each other.5. play with + 名词 玩耍……; 和…… 玩Play with water play with a toy car play with my brother四、重点语法人称代词:表示“你,我,他,她,它,你们,我们,他们,她们,它们”等主格Iweyouhesheitthey宾格形容词名词1、怎么样区分:(1)看代词意思有没有“的”(2)有“的”------形容词+名词;名词性不+名词(3)没“的”------动词/介词+宾格 (介词:for, about, with, to, of…)如:Please give me this book. This book is for me.(4)名词性物主代词=形容词性物主代词+名词,所以名词性物主代词后面不必加名词。如:Is this your book? No, it isn’t. It’s hers (her book).This pen is mine。2、主语it的特殊用法1)it用来表示时间、天气等。如:It’s six o’clock. 现在六点了。(时间)It’s sunny today. 今天天气晴朗。(天气) 2)表示不明性别的婴儿、动物或不明身份、不确定的人。如:-----Who’s knocking? -----It’s me. It’s a cute baby.3) 用来指代前面提到过的事物。如:------Where’s my dog? ------It’s in the kitchen.Unit 4 I like the city very much一、重点单词及短语Holiday interesting dirty afraid outside sell country theatremiss so many go outside be afraid to at night go to sleep too many go back home be different to can’t wait to be born all day….二、句子1. I like the city very much.2. There is much more to do in the city than in the countryside.3. I can’t go to sleep because there are too many cars.4. I can’t wait to go back home and see all my friends.三、重点精析1. holiday 假日 summer holiday 暑假 winter holiday 寒假Holiday, vacation, 和leave 的区别:1)holiday和vacation都可表示“假期”,前者主要用于英国英语中,后者主要用于美国英语中。 2)无论是在英国英语中还是美国英语中,表示因宗教节日或国家喜庆日而设定的“假日”都用holiday。New Year’s Day is a holiday for everyone.3)leave表示“休假”“假期”,主要指雇员因有某种理由而获准的休假;还通常指军队、政府、机关等的休假。She has been given sick leave. 她获准休病假。2. interesting 表示“有趣的,引起兴趣的”,用来描述事物的特征。This movie is so interesting. interested 表示“感兴趣的”,用来描述人的感受。be interesting in sth. / doing sth.I’m interested in English.3. be afraid for 害怕…… be afraid to do … 害怕做……我害怕蛇。________________________________________________________Amy害怕在河里游泳。_______________________________________________注:be afraid of doing sth. 和be afraid to do sth. 的区别前者指因顾及后果而怕做某事;后者则侧重表示因担心做某事有后患而不愿或不敢做某事。他害怕爬树。_______________________________________________________他不敢怕这棵树。___________________________________________________4. at 的用法 1)表示时间或时刻:at night, at noon, at six o’clock, at dawn, at the weekend… 2)表示在某处:at home, at school, at the gate, at the hospital…5. too many 太多;用来修饰可数名词复数。 too many cars too much 太多;用来修饰不可数名词。 too much water much too 太……;用来修饰形容词或副词,表示程度。 It’s much too cold.6. be different to 和…… 不同 the same as 和…… 一样It’s very different to our home on the farm. 它和我们在农场的家不同。I think the same as you do about this. 在这件事上,我的想法和你一样。7. because 因为,用来描述原因,引导从句。通常用来回答why提问的问题。I can’t go there because I must do my homework.-------Why do you like live in the countryside?------Because it’s quiet and comfortable.Module 3 HealthUnit 5 What’s the matter with you?一、短语see a doctor go to the hospital this morning have a toothache brush teeth twice a day have a broken finger take a rest have a headache drink plenty of water have a cold take medicine have a fever have a stomachache go to school on weekdays…二、句子1. What’s matter with you?2. I have a stomachache.3. I’m sorry to hear that. 4. You should see a doctor.5. I think you’ll be well soon.6. He asked me to take this medicine three times a day for a week.三、重点精析1. I am sorry to hear that. 听到这个消息我感到很难过。hear of 知道 hear about 听说 hear from 收到……来信我上周收到老爸来信。______________________________________________________你听说过他吗? _________________________________________________________hear和listen的区别:1)hear表示“听见”“听到”,强调结果,可能有意识的听,也可能无意识地听。如:I heard someone singing in the next room. 我听到有人在隔壁唱歌。2)listen是不及物动词,表示有意识或注意地“听”,并不说明是否听见的结果;必须需加to才能接宾语。如:He likes listen to music.2. health 健康 healthy 健康的 in good health 健康状况好 in poor health 健康状况不好3. I brush my teeth twice a day. 我一天刷两次牙。once 一次 twice 两次 three times 三次 four times 四次4. I have a broken finger. 我有一根手指断了。 broken 断了的 a broken window 破碎的窗玻璃 a broken marriage 破裂的婚姻5. Don’t wear wet clothes. 不要穿湿衣服。 wear除了表示“穿(衣服、鞋子等)”,还可以表示“戴(帽子、眼镜等)”;立着(胡子、头发等)。如:She is wearing a long dress. My mother wears long hair. 注:wear意思是“穿着,戴着”,强调状态;put on 意思是“穿上”,强调动作。6. I went to the hospital this morning. 今天上午我去了医院。this 在这里和现在有关的时间连用,意思是“今,本,现在”,既可以表示过去时,也可以表示将来时。常见短语有:this week 这周 this month 这个月 this year 今年 this afternoon 今天下午this evening 今天晚上 this Monday 这周一 this weekend 这周末7. have a toothache 牙疼have在这里表示“患病”,“have a + 疾病名词”表示“患某种疾病”。如:have a headache 头疼 have a toothache 牙疼 have a cold 感冒have a fever 发烧 have a stomachache 肚子疼have 除了表示“患病”,还有其他含义: 1)有;拥有 I have a new book. 2)吃;喝 What do you have for lunch? 3)经历;经受 I went to the party and had a good time.8. take medicine 吃药 1) take在这里意思是“吃(药),服(药)” 2) take还有很多其他含义:①拿走,带走 Don’t take toys to school.②买,买下 I will take this red dress. ③拍照,摄影 I like taking photos.④花费(时间) It takes me two hours to do my homework.9. What’s the matter with you? = What’s wrong with you? 你怎么了?What’s the matter with… / What’s the wrong with…意思是“……怎么了?”用来询问身体或精神状态,也可以用来询问突发事件,表示关心或问候。----What’s the matter with you mother? ----She has a fever.10. You should see a doctor. 你应该去看医生。分析:should是情态动词,没有人称和数的变化,后面接动词原形,句型结构:1)肯定句:主语+should+动词原形+其他.如:You should go to school.2)否定句:主语+shouldn’t+动词原形+其他.如:He shouldn’t be late for school.3)一般疑问句:Should+主语+动词原形+其他。如:Should I take this medicine?Unit 6 The secret to good health一、短语take exercise stay healthy at least keep a good diet…二、句型1. First, get plenty of sleep.2. Don’t eat too much sweet or oily food.3. How old does Mr Li look? 4. Get up early and go to bed early.三、重点精析:1. Keep a good diet. 保持一个良好的饮食习惯。 on diet 节食;减肥 balanced diet 均衡饮食2. Eat more vegetables and less meat. 多吃蔬菜,少吃肉。 less是little的比较级 less than 少于 less and less 越来越少3. First, get plenty of sleep, at least 8 hours each night. 首先,要有充足的睡眠,每晚至少有八个小时的睡眠。at least意思是“至少,不是少于”,是副词短语,可以修饰动词或整个句子,用来强调程度或数量。4. Don’t eat too much sweet or oily food. 不要吃太多糖和油腻食物。这是一个否定祈使句。祈使句是用来表达命令、请求、劝告、警告、禁止等语气的句子。祈使句有以下几种类型: 1)Do型----Do(表示行为的动词原形)+宾语+… Take the No.7 bus over there. Open the door. 2)Be型----Be+名词 / 形容词+… Be quirt! Be careful. 3)Let型----Let+宾语(通常是第一或第三人称宾格)+动词原形+… Let’s go home. 4)Don’t型----Don’t+动词原形+… Don’t read in the sun. 5)No型----No+名词或动词ing形式.No photos! No smoking!【巧记】祈使句句型口诀:祈使句,无主语,只用谓语就可以。 表示请求或命令,加上please表客气。如果变成否定句,Don’t开头是规律。 No fishing! 是警示语,祈使句用法需记牢。5. How old does Mr Li look? 李先生看起来多大了?How old引导的特殊疑问句,how old的意思是“多大”,用来询问年龄。回答时可以用“主语+be动词+数字+year(s) old.”----How old are you? ----I’m eleven years old.【拓展】how还可以和其他词一起来询问程度或状况How组合用法例句How long意为“多长”,提问长度。How long is the ship? 这艘船多长?How big意为“多大”,提问体积。How big is your box? 你的箱子多大?How tall意为“多高”,提问高度。How tall is the tree? 这棵树多高?How many意为“多少”提问可数名词的数量。How many pens do you have? 你有多少支钢笔?How much意为“多少”,提问不可数名词的数量或价格。How much water do you want?” 你要多少水?How much is it? 多少钱?How well意为“多好”,提问程度。How well do you play piano? 你钢琴弹得多好?6. 重点语法:介词 介词表明名词、代词等与句中其他词的关系,在句中不能单独作句子成分。介词可以分为时间介词、地点介词、方式介词、原因介词、数量介词和其他介词。时间介词和地点介词的用法如下:1. 时间介词是用来表示时间的介词:1) on表示在具体的某一天或具体的某一天的上午、下午或晚上。如:on Monday 在星期一 on May 1st 在5月1日on Sunday morning 在星期天早上 on Christmas day 在圣诞节2) at表示在具体某一时刻或用于固定短语中。如:at five o’clock 在五点 at night 在晚上 at noon 在正午3) in泛指一天的早、中、晚,还可以表示一段时间,如星期、月、年、季节等。如:in the morning 在早上 in 2014 在2014年 in winter 在冬天4)from… to…“从……到……”用来指时间范围。如:We go to school from Monday to Friday. 我们从星期一到星期五上学。5) before意思是“在…..之前”,after意思是“在……之后”用来表示时间的先后顺序。如:Wash your hands before dinner. 饭前要洗手。Please clean the classroom after school. 放学后请打扫教室。2. 空间介词是用来表示空间或位置的介词。1) on表示在某一平面或线上,强调与某物体有接触。如:There is a pen on the desk. 书桌上有一支钢笔。 2) in表示在较大的地方,在某立体空间或平面范围之内。如:The kids are playing in the room. 孩子们在房间里面玩。3) at用于表示在一个较小的地点,这个地点被当作一个点来对待。如:She is waiting for you at the gate. 她在大门处等着你。4) over强调在某人或某物的正上方,而且两物体表面没有接触;above强调位置在某物体的上方,并不一定是正上方,而且两物体表面也没有接触。如:There is a bridge over the river. 河上面有一座桥。Some birds are flying above the clouds. 一些鸟儿在云朵上飞翔。5) under强调在某物的正上方,两物理表面可以接触,也可以不接触。below强调位置低于某参照物,但并不一定是正下方。如:A cat hides under the sofa. 一只猫咪藏在沙发下面。Please do not write below this line. 请不要写到这条线下面。6) between表示位置在两者之间;among表示位置在三者或者三者以上之间。如:I set between Tom and Mary. 我坐在汤姆和玛丽之间。Susan is among the crowd. 苏珊在人群当中。7) in front of表示在一定范围外的前面;in the front of表示在一定范围内的前面。如:There is a fountain in the front of the park. 公园的前面有一个喷泉。 He is standing in front of me. 他正站在我前面。Module 4 Past experiencesUnit 7 What did you do yesterday?一、短语go shopping a pair of meet my friend ride my bike see a filmread a story book have a party go to the countryside clean my homedo my homework last night last weekend last month last year last Saturday…二、句型1. What did you do yesterday?2. I went shopping with my mother.3. Where did you do yesterday?4. I stayed at home all day.三、重点精析:1. bought 买(buy的过去式)buy sb. sth. = buy sth. to sb. 表示给某人买某物He bought me in new coat. = He bought a new coat for me.2. My mum was angry because I came home late. 我妈妈生气了因为我回家晚了。angry 生气,愤怒be angry with 对……生气(针对人) be angry about 因为……生气(针对事)我怎么会对她生气呢?_________________________________________________他对我的错误感到生气。________________________________________________3. came 来(come的过去式)When did you come home? 你什么时候回家的?come in 进来 come on 出场,加油 come out 出来,发行,开花come after 追赶,追随 come back 回来,返回 come down 崩塌4. Poor Ben! 可怜的本! Poor 可怜的,贫穷的,劣质的,差的She is in poor health. 她身体不好。5. Where did you go last night? 昨天晚上你去哪里了?last跟时间词组成短语,常用在一般过去时态中。如:last night, last week, last month, last Monday, last summer……6. I went shopping with my mother. go + 动词ing形式,用来表示“去从事某种(体育或娱乐)活动”常见的短语有:go bathing 去洗澡 go boating 去划船 go camping 去野营go climbing 去爬山 go cycling 骑车 go dancing 去跳舞go drinking 去喝饮料 go fishing 去钓鱼 go hunting 去狩猎go riding 骑马 go sailing 去航行 go shopping 去购物go skating 去溜冰 go skiing 去滑雪7. They look great. 它们看起来很棒。 look在这里是感官系动词。常见的感官系动词有look(看起来),sound(听起来),smell(闻起来),feel(摸起来),后面接形容词作表语,说明主语所处的状态。除look之外,其他几个动词的主语往往是物,而不是人。这些花闻起来很香。________________________________________________这些西红柿摸起来很软。_______________________________________________8. The boy helped the old woman carry things.help sb. do sth. / help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事我能帮助妈妈做家务。______________________________________________ ________________________________________________9. 重点语法:一般过去时 A、概念:一般过去时主要表示过去某时发生的动作或存在的状态。 B、形式:含有实义动词的一般过去时表示过去发生的动作,基本句型是“主语+动词过去式+其他”;通常的提示词有yesterday、last night、two hours ago、three years later、after a month……如:I made a cake yesterday. C、句型变化:1)否定句:主语+didn’t+动词原形+其他.如:We didn’t go to the party.2)一般疑问句:Did+主语+动词原形+其他?肯定回答:Yes, 主语+did. 否定回答:No, 主语+didn’t.如:-----Did you listen to he music? -----Yes, I did.-----Did Tom take some photos? ------No, he didn’t.3)特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+did+主语+动词原形+其他?如:What did you do this morning? 你今天上午做了什么?When did you go to school yesterday? 昨天你什么时候去上学?D、动词变过去式的规则变化:1)动词直接加“ed”:work— worked look—looked ,2)以不发音的字母“e”结尾的单词,直接加“d”:live —lived hope—hoped use—used,3)以辅音字母+y结尾的,变y为i加“ed”:study— studied carry—carried worry—worried,4)以元音字母+y结尾的,直接加“ed”:enjoy —enjoyed play—played5) 以重读闭音节结尾的,双写最后的辅音字母+ed:stop— stopped plan—planned6)不规则变化的动词过去式:have---had are---were get---got say---said feel---felt do/does---did am/is---was go---wentdrink--drank eat--ate bring----brought think----thoughtbuy----bought catch---- caught teach ---- taught sit----sat wear----wore cut----cut sweep----swept sleep——slept become----became sell----sold read----read take----tookride----rode send----sent wear----wore win----wonrun----ran put----put know----knew make----made【练一练】用所给的动词的适当形式填空。1. He _____(visit) the Great Wall last year.2.We________(have) a good time yesterday.3.We often _______(go) to school by bus last year.4.I ________(live)in the village when I was a child.5.Mike______(see) a big tiger in the nature park last year.6.Sam_____ (do) the housework yesterday.7.______(do) you _______(enjoy) yourself yesterday?8.______(do)you _________(play) the violin in the afternoon yesterday?No, I didn't. I_____(draw)some pictures there.9. I ______ (eat) a big pizza yesterday.10.There____ (be) many sheep on the farm last year.11. I ______ (watch) a cartoon on Saturday.12. Her father _______ (read) a newspaper last night.13. We _________ to zoo yesterday, but we _____ to the park. (go)14. ______ you _______ (visit) your relatives last Spring Festival?15. ______ he _______ (fly) a kite on Sunday? Yes, he ______.Unit 8 A trip to Hong Kong一、短语go on a trip by train take a photo…二、句子1. Ben sat with me until I felt better.2. Ben said he was very excited because it was his first visit to the island.3. We all hope the trees will grow well.三、重点精析1. I went on a trip to Hong Kong. 我去香港旅游了。journey, travel, trip的区别1)journey指从一地到另一地,通常指陆地上的远距离“旅行”,有时也可以表示经常走的或长或短的“路程”。只作名词。如: I took a journey from Beijing to Shanghai last year.  - - How long is your journey to school?      - -Only about 10 minutes.2) travel作“旅行、游历”解,一般表示从一地到另一地旅行这一总的概念。常指长时间、远距离的“旅行”。尤指出国旅行。可作动词和名词。其复数形式意思为“旅游笔记”、“游记”。如:  At present, many people are fond of travel in their spare time. 3)trip 一般指时间短、距离近的“旅行、远足”,也可以指长途旅行。在非正式用语中可代替journey。只作名词。如: We made a boat trip to the island last week and had a good time.  I will be on a trip to / journey to the south next summer holiday.2. Ben said he was very excited. 本说他非常兴奋。say, speak, talk, tell的区别(1). say意为“说,讲”,指用言语表达思想,强调说话内容,不接“人”作宾语。( 2). speak强调开口说话、发言的动作,作及物动词时,后面跟某种语言作宾语。 (3). tell 意为“说,告诉”,指将某事讲给别人听,含有“吩咐,命令”等含义。常用结构为:tell sb sth/tell sth to sb或tell sb to do sth(4). talk意为“谈话,讲话”,强调谈话的双方,而不注重谈话内容。常用短语talk to/with sb,意为“和……交谈”。3. I was very surprised. 我非常惊讶。surprised与surprising1)surprising形容词,意为“令人惊讶的”,用来修饰物。2)surprised形容词,意为“(人)感到惊奇的,吃惊的”,主语一般是人。如:It’s a _____________ story. We all feel ____________.4. go on a trip = take a trip 去旅游 “go on a + 名词”可以用来表示进行某项活动,常见短语有:go on a walk 去散散步go on a diet 节食;减肥5. by + 某种交通方式,表示“乘坐…..”乘地铁_______________ 乘公共汽车___________ 乘火车_____________乘小汽车_____________ 乘船_____________ 乘飞机_____________6. take a photo 照相 take a photo of sb. 给某人照相,而且就是给他本人照相,take a photo for sb. 是为某人照相,相片上不一定有他本人。7. Ben sat with me until I felt better. 本陪我坐在一起直到我感觉好了。until和till同义为 直到…… ,till多用于口语,until可以放在句首,till不能。until和till用于肯定句中,主句的谓语动词必须是延续性动作,表示这一动作或状态一直延续到until和till所表示的时间为止。这些动词有:live、wait、last work等。如:He watched TV until /till midnight last night. until和till用于否定句中,其句型为not……until……意为“直到……才……”或“在……之(没有)”通常与费延续性的动词连用,强调主句所表示的状态或动作从until/till所表示的时间才发生,主句必须是否定句。如:I did not watch TV until she came back.Module 5 ChangesUnit 9 Was I a good girl back then?一、短语back then in the picture play with toys read books watch TV surf the Internet watch cartoons draw cartoons smile a lot…二、句子1. Was I a good girl back then?2. My hair was very long then, wasn’t it? 三、重点精析1. But now you always keep it short.Keep在这里意思是“保持”,后面常加形容词,表示保持某种状态。如:keep quiet 保持安静 keep warm 保暖拓展:1)继续;重复(keep doing sth.)如:Keep smiling. 要保持微笑。 2)保有;持有;不退还如:I keep all her letters. 我把她所有的信都保留着。 3)饲养;养如:We keep some goats. 我们养了一些山羊。2. Watch TV 看电视watch, look, see, 与read 的区别1)look指集中注意力地看,是有意的,强调“看”的动作。单独使用时,用来引起对方的注意;如果跟宾语,要和at连用。如:Look! Tom is over there. 看!汤姆在那儿。Look at the blackboard, please. 请看黑板。 2)see强调“看”的结果,意为“看见、看到”。如: How many birds can you see in the tree? 你能看到树上有多少只鸟儿? 3)watch强调“专注地看”,有欣赏的意味,常用于看电视、看球赛等。如: Do you watch TV at night? 你晚上看电视吗? 4)read指“看”时实指“阅读”,常用于看书、看报等。如: I like reading at home. 我喜欢在家看书。3. My hair was very long then, wasn’t it? 我的头发那时候很长,是吗?语法:反义疑问句:反意疑问句是由陈述句和附在其后的附加疑问句组成。其中附加疑问句是对陈述句所说的事实或观点提出疑问,起证实作用,一般用于证实说话者所说的事实或观点。A句子结构:1).陈述部分肯定式+疑问部分否定式可记为前肯后否定.They work hard, don’t they?2).陈述部分否定式+疑问部分肯定式可记为前否后肯定.You didn't go, did you?B句子类型:一种是反义的附加疑问句,一种是非反义的附加疑问句。简单来说,就是“前肯后否”或“前否后肯”。 C对反意疑问句的回答,无论问题的提法如何,如果事实是肯定的,就用yes,事实是否定的,就要用no。要特别注意陈述句部分是否定结构,反意疑问句部分用肯定式提问时,回答yes或no与汉语正好相反。这种省略回答的yes要译成“不”,no要译成“是”。如:—He likes playing football, doesn’t he? 他喜欢踢足球,不是吗?—Yes, he does. / No, he doesn’t. 是的。/ 不是。—His sister didn’t attend the meeting, did she? 他妹妹没有参加会议,是吗?—Yes, she did. / No, she didn’t. 不,她参加了。/ 是的,她没参加。Unit 10 Then and now一、短语far away department store on time three years ago…二、句子1. It’s famous for its fish and rice.2. The town is much bigger.3. His home was nearby so he walked to school every day.4. His home is far away, so every day he takes the bus.三、重点精析1. ago ……之前 ago前面加时间段,用来表示过去的时间。如:a week ago 一周前 a few days ago 几天前2. be famous for 因为……而出名;以……闻名如:It’s famous for its fish and rice.be famous for, be famous as, be famous to1). be famous as 后一般跟 人,表“做为......人而闻名” 如:Lu Xun is famous as a great writer.2). be famous for 后一般跟事物 ,表“因/由于......而闻名” 如:Lu Xun is famous for his great novels.3). be famous to 后一般跟 人,表“对......是熟悉的”,“为......所熟知的”如:Yao Ming is famous to most young people.3. On the
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