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【可编辑】2018-2005重庆中考短文填空技巧及真题训练.doc

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可编辑 编辑 2018 2005 重庆 中考 短文 填空 技巧 训练
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2019届重庆中考英语——短文填空解题技巧及真题练习题型要求:根据短文的内容及上下文意思,在空格中填入一个意思,语法正确的单词形式。这实际上是完形填空的变体,但比完形填空更难。它没有选项的提示,只是文章内容的暗示,如果没有读懂短文的意思,就无法做这种题。短文的题材很多,有故事,科普小品,风土人情,人物,文化,体育等,一般以故事性题材为主,少科普性,否则会更难。考查的内容也相当广泛,但常以动词(同义词区别及形式),介词,形容词(副词)的级,名词的数,习惯用语的搭配,连词(含引导词)等为主,解题技巧:1. 第一遍通读全文,对文章有一个整体认识,了解故事的时间、地点、人物等之间的关系,为下一步填空打下坚实的基础,切忌看一空填一空。2. 第二遍逐句阅读并填空,根据句子的语法以及上下文的整体逻辑关系用恰当的词填入空白,特别是有时根据意思可能有多种用法时,应填入恰当的单词并符合英美人的习惯表达,不要受汉语的影响。例如:“我看一看你的信”,关于“看”的就有六个,这就需要进行筛选,只能用read,不能用watch, see, look, have a look at, look at等。3. 第三遍复查答案。将填空的短文再完整地阅读一次,以检查全文是否通顺,所填答案是否最为合理,形式是否正确等等。2018重庆B卷Ⅷ.短文填空。根据下面短文内容,在短文的空格处填上一个恰当的词,使短文完整、通顺。As we are growing up, we really need advice from adults. Here are three people talking about their experiences.Jasper,26, actorYou’re not alone.Sometimes when you’re a teenager, you feel as if you’re all alone and there’s ___54___ you can talk to. Do you know twenty to thirty percent of teenagers in the US have a hard ___55___ going through the period? They feel lonely and sad. I think life is so much easier if you ___56___your troubles with others. I regret that I didn’t take the advice when someone gave it to me.Steve,27, teacherYour teachers only want what’s best for you.When I was in school, I never thought I’d become a teacher. I acted badly in class, and I fell___57___ about that now. I love my job and I know how challenging it is, so I hope kids can show their teachers more respect(尊 重). I hope kids can___58___ that teachers push them to do their best and not just to give them a hard time.Anna,29, doctorMoney doesn’t grow on trees.When I was a teenager, I never learned ___59___ to save money. I just spent it! My parents gave me everything I wanted, but I realize now they spent little___60___ themselves. Now I wish I know more aboutmoney planning even less ___61___ me years ago. I do wish they could learn about it earlier.54.____________ 55.. ____________ 56. ____________57. ____________58. ____________59. ____________ 60. ____________ 61. ____________2017重庆A卷VIII. 短文填空。(每空2分,共16分)根据下面短文内容,在短文的空格处填上一个恰当的词,使短文完整、通顺。When you talk with someone, you’ll need to end your conversation at some point. And there are many reasons why you need to do that. Either you or the other person may need to continue an activity such 78 working or shopping. Or you may have run out of things to say. You just want to keep the conversation short. But 79 do you end a conversation in a polite way? It may depend on where and how the conversation started. It may also depend on your relationship with the 80 person. If you already know that person, you can just say, “I need to run now.” Or you can say, “I’ll catch you later.” You may also give a reason for ending the conversation. “I really need to go---my piano class starts in ten 81 .” Perhaps you just meet someone in a social situation, and you have a nice talk. But then you have to go. You can say, “It was nice meeting you. Maybe we can talk happily 82 sometime in the future.”Another way to end a conversation is to make it easy for the other person to 83 . If you see the other person is already not patient, you can say, “Well, I’m sure you have a lot to do today.” You could use these 84 to end a conversation, and you should notice that others may also use them. 85 they do so, you should know that it’s time for you to stop and get on with your day.78.____________ 79. ____________ 80. ____________81. ____________82. ____________83. ____________ 84. ____________ 85. ____________2017重庆B卷Sometimes we are used to drawing a quick conclusion(结论), But is it right or not? My little son gave me a ____78___.One day, I took my five-year-old son to go out for a walk after dinner. On the way, we saw an old woman selling fruits. I didn’t take enough money with me. ___79____ my son liked eating fruit very much, I could buy only two pears and gave them to him.The little boy held the pears in his hands. I asked him if he could share one ___80____ me. On hearing this, he quickly took a bite(咬) from one pear, and the ___81___.I was quite surprised. I ___82___ myself what mistakes I had made in educating my son so that he acted in such a greedy(贪婪) way. I was lost in thought. Perhaps I was just ___83____ too much. My son was too young to know about sharing and giving.Suddenly, my son gave me the pear in his right hand and said, “Mom, you have this one. This one is much sweeter.” Then I knew why my little son took a bite from ___84___ pear.From then on, I always tell myself not to reach a conclusion too ___85___. Try to spend some more time in understanding things better.78.____________ 79. ____________ 80. ____________81. ____________82. ____________83. ____________ 84. ____________ 85. ____________2016重庆A卷VIII. 短文填空(每空2分,共16分)根据下面短文内容,在短文的空格处填上一个恰当的词,使短文完整、通顺。A big company wanted to find someone to work for them. Lots of young college students came to ____80______ for the job, but only a small part of them were left. And this time, the company didn’t plan to choose the right persons as usual.Here came the day when they took the final interview. A big box _____81_____ of papers was placed on the way to the interview room, and a few papers were lying around the box.The first student came. He hurried along the way to take the interview. “Who put this ____82______ in the middle of the road?” the student said to himself, but he did not try to move the box away. Instead, he passed around the box and continued his way.The second student came along and did the same thing. Then another came, and another. All of them complained (抱怨) about the box but ____83______ of them tried to move it. What’s worse, someone even stepped (踩) on the papers and left without having a look at the things on the ground.Half an hour later, a thin young man with glasses came. He was also ____84______ those who were left to take the interview. He saw the box and the papers around it. Without thinking twice, he ____85______ and began to pick up the papers and put them into the box. Then he managed to move the box to the side. To his great ____86______, he found an invitation under the box. On it were the following words, “Congratulations, young man! You are the ___87_______ person we are looking for! Would you like to join us?”Sometimes, you see, helping others is helping yourself.80. ____________ 81. ____________ 82. ____________83. ____________84. ____________85. ____________ 86. ____________ 87. ____________2016重庆B卷VIII. 短文填空。(每空2分,共16分)根据下面短文内容,在短文的空格处填上一个恰当的词,使短文完整、通顺。Teenagers and their parents always think differently. Children always hate the __80__ asked by their parents. Here are some of them.What did you get on your report card? Unless you get all As and Bs, you’ll never want to hear this question come out of your parents’ mouths. How do they know it is the report card day? Mom and Dad are going to be angry when they see you __81___ a C in math.Did you clean your room? “YES,” you shout downstairs as you start running around your room, hiding all the clothes on your floor under your bed. You must finish all of this ___82___ your mom comes into your room and sees your room is still in a mess.Is it your boyfriend /girlfriend? You can’t understand why your __83__ always ask such a question. You find it difficult to give an answer. It’s either because you don’t know what kind of relationship it is __84__ there is an important reason you can’t tell them.Did you call a family member for his /her birthday? Uh, no. Honestly, you see this family member once every three years. What will you say __85__ him /her? Can’t you just write “Happy Birthday” in his /her WeChat or QQ group? Such problems often happen to teenagers and their parents. Maybe __86__ sides should have some changes and try to understand each other better. For parents, they may let the children be free to deal with their __87___ problems. For children, they’d better ask their parents for some advice.80.____________ 81. ____________ 82. ____________83. ____________84. ____________85. ____________ 86. ____________ 87. ____________2015重庆A卷VIII. 短文填空。(每空2分,共16分)[来源:学#科#网Z#X#X#K]根据下面短文内容,在短文的空格处填上一个恰当的词,使短文完整、通顺。Life is filled with regrets(遗憾). Anyone around you will have no difficulty 80 telling his regrets. As we get older, we look back and wish that we had made better choices. What can we do to avoid future regrets? Make better plansIf you start to do something, you need to make a plan before doing it. The earlier, the 81 . You will know what comes first and what comes last. You’ll also know what you should do and what you shouldn’t do. 82 changes happen, you can have more time to deal with them. Live a more active lifeYou can go around more often. More outdoor activities can keep 83 relaxed and active. You also need to be kind. “Thank you” can bring a smile to someone’s face. Learn to say “sorry” and don’t be angry with others. Find the right friendA friend may make your life and he or she can break your life as well. So you 84 to think twice when you choose a friend. Good friends will always better your ideas. When you get into trouble, ask others for 85 . That little help may get you good results. Never fear failureEverybody fails. Even the greatest person failed. We should not fear failure, because failure is not the 86 of the road. We must take failure as a chance to learn and improve ourselves. Life is good. We don’t have to live in our past, but we do hope that we can plan better, 87 better, and work better when we have the chance to do so. 80.____________ 81. ____________ 82. ____________83. ____________84. ____________85. ____________ 86. ____________ 87. ____________2015重庆B卷Which is better, writing or typing (打字)? These days, many college students have given up taking class notes by hand. 80 , they type on laptops (手提电脑) because they think typing is fast, they can write more notes. But a new research has 81 that taking notes by hand is in fact better for long-term memory.In this research, students were asked to listen to a teacher. Some took notes by typing on a laptop. The 82 took notes by writing them down. Then they were given a test. Both groups got almost the same result in 83 the facts. But students who typed their notes did worse on conceptual (需要理解的) questions.Why is it like this? The answer is that writing by hand is slow, 84 it gives the students more time to think about the questions they don’t understand. And they are 85 to write down the main points. “This leads to a deeper understanding,” say the scientists. However, the students typing notes on a laptop usually just write down what the 86 says word for word in the classroom. Although they can write more notes, they just type without really thinking 87 what they are typing. “This usually leads to mindless transcription (抄录)”, say the scientists. So if you want to remember something better, write it by hand!80.____________ 81. ____________ 82. ____________83. ____________84. ____________85. ____________ 86. ____________ 87. ____________2014重庆卷VIII. 短文填空。 (每空2分,共16分) 根据下面短文内容,在短文的空格处填上一个恰当的词,使短文完整、通顺。 If you read a clock, you can know the time of day. But how did the early people know about the time? We cannot see or hear time. We know it only when it’s passing. We know it has passed only when something 78 . In the real world, changes never stop. Some changes happen only once 79 others happen again and again. In early human history, people found that the changes of “light and darkness” seemed to 80 again and again. The sun rises in the east, producing 81 and goes down in the west, causing darkness. This “light and darkness” was the first “time” for the early humans. We now call it one day. People also saw the sun rise in the sky, sometimes 82 but sometimes lower. They counted the days that passed from the sun’s highest position (位置) until it returned to that position. That was three hundred and sixty-five days. That’s just one year. Early humans also noticed changes of the moon. 83 used the changing faces of the moon to tell time. The moon was “full” when its face was bright and round. The early humans counted how many times the sun appeared 84 full moons. They learned that this number always remained the same ---about twenty-nine. Twenty-nine suns equaled (等于) one moon. We now know this is one 85 . In this way, we humans get the time of day, month, year and so on.78. ___________ 79. ___________ 80. ___________ 81. ___________ 82. ___________ 83. ___________ 84. ___________ 85. ___________2013重庆卷VIII. 短文填空。(每空2分,共16分)根据下面短文内容,在短文的空格处填上一个恰当的词,使短文完整、通顺。whenever disasters(灾难) happen, there are plenty of sad stories. But sometimes these stories have surprising endings. Once a hurricane(飓风) hit 78 Shirley and her parents lived. Their house seemed to be pulled down. They went out of the house quickly. 79 but Shirley noticed Doggy, her pet dog, go missing. At that moment, Shirley ‘s father got badly hurt when he tried to stop flying sticks 80 hitting Shirley. All her family were so busy taking care of her father and getting ready to move away that they had no time to look for doggy. When they set off a safer place 10 kilometers 81 from home, Doggy didn’t still show up. Shirley though she lost her Doggy forever. Several weeks later, Shirley looked at the photo of Doggy on the desk. How she missed him! It was raining heavily outside. Suddenly, she 82 a loud noise. She was sure it wasn’t the rain. It was a bark(狗叫声). She opened the door quickly and couldn’t believe her 83 . It was Doggy standing and barking in the rain. As soon as he saw Shirley, he ran to her. He looked all 84 and weak. How could he find the new house? Where had he been these days? It was a miracle(奇迹).People usually say dogs and cats good at 85 their way home by their sense(感觉) of smell. But that doesn’t explain how Doggy came to the new house. “I wish he could talk,” said Shirley.78. ___________ 79. ___________ 80. ___________ 81. ___________ 82. ___________ 83. ___________ 84. ___________ 85. ___________2010重庆VII.短文填空。(每空2分,共20分)根据下列短文内容,在短文后的空格处填上一个恰当的词,使短文完整、通顺。Tang Ling often smoked cigarettes(香烟) in his school’s washing room. He started smoking 76 the age of 14. One day he learnt that the NBA star Yao Ming, an ambassador(大使) to the Chinese Association on Tobacco Control (中国控烟协会), asked people not to smoke. Yao Ming was Tang’s favorite star, 77 his words meant a lot to him. He decided to 78 up smoking. According to the Chinese Association on Tobacco Control, about 350 million Chinese smoke. Among 79 , 50 million are teenagers. Sun Jiangping of Beijing University said, “ Teenagers can get cigarettes 80 , especially when their parents smoke or shops 81 cigarettes to them. It’s very important 82 parents to help their children stop smoking.”A 15-year-old boy named Li Kun from Beijing said his 83 didn’t smoke. Because they thought smoking could make people feel badly ill, they only allowed him to play with friends without smoking. Living in such a good family helped Li say 84 to cigarettes. Some of his smoking classmates once told Li that smoking made boys look 85 , but Li disagreed. He said, “Smoking is unhealthy and it’s not cool at all. Please stop smoking now!”76. ___________ 77. ___________ 78. ___________ 79. ___________ 80. ___________ 81. ___________ 82. ___________ 83. ___________ 84. ___________ 85. ___________2009重庆VII.短文填空。(每空2分,共20分)根据下列短文内容,在短文后的空格处填上一个恰当的词,使短文完整、通顺。 About three years old, I felt very lonely. I didn’t like my classmates, my parents or anyone else. My classmates didn’t want to talk ___77____ me and my parents were always saying that other kids were better than me. I thought I was the ___78____ unlucky person in the world. One day I had a big fight with one of my classmates. I was so angry __79__ I hit him in the face. Just at that moment, a boy stood up and ___80___ the fight. He was the monitor of our class. After that, he often helped me and we became good ___81___. Whenever I got angry or sad, he would help ___82___ to cool down. My life began to change because of the boy, my best friend. We spent a lot of interesting days together. As ___83___ goes by, I have become happier with people and things. And it ___84____ that people around me have changed, too. My parents don’t shout at me ___85____ more and my classmates become friendly to me. But now I can’t see my best friend because he is seriously ___86___ and is staying in hospital. How I miss the days when we were together! I hope he will be all right and come back to school soon.77. ___________ 78. ___________ 79. ___________ 80. ___________ 81.___________82. ___________ 83. ___________ 84. ___________85. ___________ 86. ___________2008重庆VII.短文填空。(每空2分,共20分)根据下列短文内容,在短文后的空格处填上一个恰当的词,使短文完整、通顺。What can you do to keep healthy? Perhaps for children, healthy eating is one of the most important things. Here are some ideas about 77 to eat healthily.Having breakfastA good breakfast is very important to children. It’s necessary to have it in the 78 . But some children often go to school 79 breakfast, just because they want to sleep a little longer. Remember that a good breakfast will help you study better.Having milk“My dream is that all the Chinese children can get half a kilogram(公斤 )of milk a day.” The Chinese Premier (总理 ) Wen Jiabao said this during his 80 to a milk farm. Milk is also veryimportant to children’s health. It makes children grow stronger. It’s better for you to 81 a glass of warm milk 82 going to bed. That will help you have a good sleep.Having healthy foodHaving healthy food is the most important. That means eating lots of different 83 of food, especially fruits and vegetables. Don’t eat too much chocolate 84 ice-cream. Some of you 85 eating fast food, but in fact it is not good for your health. Try to eat healthy food as much as 86Have healthy eating habits, and you will have a strong body.77. 78. 79. 80. 81. 82. 83. _______ 84. _________ 85. 86. 2007重庆VII.短文填空(每空2分。共20分)根据下列短文内容,在短文后的空格处填上一个恰当的词,使短文完整、通顺。 Andy was born in China 15 years ago.In 2005, she 77 to the USA with her family.As a high school student,she has found many differences 78 Chinese and Americans:About money1) Americans like to spend 79 than they have,so many of them are always in debt(欠债).But Chinese usually spend less than they have, so many 0f them always have 80 left in the bank.2) The American kids themselves make their own money.Most Chinese kids always 81 their parents for money.3) Many American parents think there is 82 need to send their children t0 an expensive university.It’s different in China.Many Chinese parents would do anything to send their children to expensive universities 83 their family isn’t rich enough.About school1) Many American girls take part in sports,dancing and singing groups while many Chinese girls take part in study groups.2) Many American students think that B is good while many Chinese students think that B is too 84 .About friends Most American parents let their sons or daughters make friends by 85 . They never ask them about their friends while Chinese parents usually enjoy knowing more about their children’s friends 86 many different ways,and usually stop them from staying out too late with friends.78. ___________ 78. ___________ 79. _________ 80. ___________ 81. __________ 82. ___________ 83. _________ 84. _________ 85. ___________ 86. __________2006重庆Ⅶ.短文填空。(每空2分,共20分)根据下列短文内容,在短文后的空格处填上一个恰当的词,使短文完整、通顺。Maybe you are more interested in sports than in history. You probably think you will never be a top student. In 77 , anyone can become a better student if he or she wants to. If you can use your time well, you may improve your study 78 much work. Here’s how:Plan your time carefully. When you plan your week time, you should make a 79 of things that you have to do. First write down the time for eating, sleeping, dressing, etc. Then decide on a good time for studying. Of course, studying shouldn’t take all of your time. Don’t forget to leave yourself enough 80 for hobbies. Find a good place to study. Look around the house 81 a good study place. Keep this space, which may be a desk 82 just a corner of your room. No games, radio, or television! When you sit down to work, think only about the subject! Make good use of your time in class. Listen 83 to what the teacher says. Careful listening in class means less work later. You also need to take notes in class, because it can 84 it easier for you to learn well.There are only a few ways mentioned here to 85 you with your studying. I believe you find 86 other ways besides these.77. _________ 78. _________ 79. _________ 80. _________ 81. _________82. ________ 83. _________ 84. __________ 85. _________ 86. _________2005重庆VII.短文填空。(每空2分,共20分)通读短文,根据短文内容,在空格处填入一个使短文内容完整、正确的单词,将答案写在下面对应的横线上。Eating in western(西方的)restaurants is a little different from eating in Chinese ones.It is 78 to understand the differences and to act politely.As they say when in Rome(罗马),do as the Romans do. When you first arrive at the restaurant,you should wait for the waiter(服务员)to 79 you to a table.Sometimes it is all right to 80 a table for yourself,but you should ask 81 .In a western restaurant,each person usually asks for their 82 food or dishes and eats 83 they ask for.Western people don't put all of the food in the middle of the table to share (分享). One of the 84 differences between Chinese restaurants and western ones is that most Chinese restaurants are noisy,but most western restaurants are 85 and people there speak in a low voice.Don't shout to the waiters, 86 people may think that you are rude (粗鲁的). If you need help,you should 87 to ask with your eyes instead of your voice.It’s better not to put up your hand,either.79. ____________ 79. ____________ 80. ____________ 81. ____________ 82. ____________83. ____________ 84. ____________ 85. ____________ 86. ____________ 87. ____________2018-2005短文填空真题参考答案2018重庆B卷54. nobody 55. time 56. share 57. sorry 58. understand 59. how 60. on 61. than2017重庆A卷 78. as 79. how 80. other 81. minutes 82. again 83. leave 84. ideas 85. if2017重庆B卷 78. lesson 79. Although /Though 80. with 81. other 82. asked /questioned 83. thinking /worrying 84. each 85. quickly /early /fast2016重庆A卷 80. ask 81. full 82. box 83. none 84. among 85. stopped 86. surprise 87. right / very (评分说明:用词正确而形式错误,只给1分) 2016重庆B卷 80. questions 81. get /have 82. before 83. parents 84. or 85. to 86. both /two 87. own2015重庆A卷80. in 81.better 82.If/When 83.you 84.need/have 85.help 86.end 87.live2015重庆B卷80. Instead 81. found/shown/said 82. others 83. remembering/ telling84. but/so/and85. able 86. teacher 87. about 2014重庆卷来源:学*科*网]78. changes 79. but /while 80. happen 81. light 82. higher 83. they 84. before 85. month2013重庆卷 78.where 79. Nobody 80. from 81. away 82. heard 83. eyes 84.wet 85.finding/knowing2010重庆76. at 77. so /and 78. give 79. Them /those80. easily81. sell82. for 83. parents/family 84. no85. cool /good /excited2009重庆77. with/to 78. most 79. that 80. stopped81. friends82. me 83. time84. seems 85. any 86. ill /sick2008重庆77.how78.morning 79.without80.visit81.have/drink82.before83.kinds 84.or 85.enjoy/like/love86.possible2007重庆 77.went/got 78.between 79.more 80.money 81.ask 82.no 83.though/although 84.bad/terrible 85.themselves 86.in2006重庆 77. fact 78. without 79. 1ist 80. time 8l. for 82. or 83. carefully 84. make 85. help 86. many/some/several2005重庆78. necessary / important 79. show/lead 80. find /get 8l. first 82. own 83. what 84. biggest 85. quiet 86. or 87. try8
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