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英美概况考试试题集.pdf

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师出教育 电话:400-600-2690 咨询QQ:1400700402 第 1 页共41 页 2016 安徽教师统考《英语学科专业知识》 英语专业英美概况自测题 BritishSurveyTest PartIGeography 1.ThetotalareaoftheU.K.is_____. A.211,440 B.244,110 C.241,410 D.242,534 2.Englandoccupiesthe_____portionoftheU.K. A.northern B.eastern C.southern 3.ThemostimportantpartoftheU.K.inwealthis_____. A.NorthernIrelandB.England C.Scotland 4._____isonthewesternprominencebetweentheBristolChannelandtheDeeestuary. A.Wales B.Scotland C.England 5.WaleswaseffectivelyunitedwithEnglandinthe_____century. A.14th B.15th C.16th 6. By the Act of Union of _____ Scotland and the kingdom of England and Wales were constitutionallyjoinedastheKingdomofBritain. A.1707 B.1921 C.1801 7.PhysiographicallyBritainmaybedividedinto_____provinces. A.13 B.12 C.14 8.Mt.BenNevisstandsin_____. A.theScottishHighlands B.Wales C.England 9.ThemainriverspartinginBritainrunsfrom_____. A.northtosouth B.southtonorth C.easttowest 10.Cheviothillsliealongtheborderbetween_____andEngland. A.Scotland B. Wales C. Vale of Eden 11.ThelongestriverinBritainis_____. A.Severn B.Clyde C.Bann 12.LondonissituatedontheRiverof_____. A.Parret B.Thames C.Spey 13.Edinburghisthecapitalof_____. A.England B.Scotland C.Wales 14.Theriversflowingintothe_____aremainlyshort. A.NorthSea B.EnglishChannelC.Deeestuary 15.Mt.Snowdonstandsin_____. A.Scotland B.Wales C.England 16.ThesourceoftheimportantRiverThamesisinthe_____. A.Cotswolds B.OxfordClay C.Pennines 17.About_____ofthewaterrequirementsareobtainedfromundergroundsources.师出教育 电话:400-600-2690 咨询QQ:1400700402 第 2 页共41 页 A.50% B.38% C.42% 18.Gaelicismainlyspokenin_____. A.Scotland B.England C.NorthernIreland 19.TheBankofEnglandwasnationalizedin_____. A.1964 B.1946 C.1694 20.Britainisbasicallyanimporterof_____. A.food B.rawmaterials C.manufactures D.bothAandB 21.Britishfarmersproduceenoughfoodtosupply_____oftheneedsofthepopulation. A.2/3 B.4/5 C.1/2 22.Britain’smaincerealcropis_____. A.oats B.corn C.barley D.rye 23.ThecenteroftheBritainfinancialsystemis_____. A.BankofEnglandB.BankofBritainC.BankofU.K. 24.ThethreeGermanictribesthatinvadedBritainincludethefollowingexcept_____. A.theAngles B.theSaxons C.thePicts D.theJutes 25.“BlackCountry”refersto_____. A.countrysideinEngland B.anareaaroundBirmingham C.acountryinAfrica 26.ThesecondlargestportinBritainis_____. A.London B. Belfast C.Liverpool 27.ThecapitalcityofNorthernIrelandis_____. A.Cardiff B. Belfast C.Leith 28.CeltictribesbegantosettleinBritainfromabout_____B.C. A.410 B.750 C.300 29.TheU.K.isrichinthefollowingexcept_____. A.coal B.iron C.gold D.tin 30.ThedecreaseofBritishpopulationiscausedbythefollowingexcept_____. A.limitationofimmigration B.fallofthebirthrate C.fallofdeathrate D.unemployment 31.TheproportionoftheEnglishinthewholepopulationis_____. A.60% B.80% C.70% 32.TheQueen’sUniversityisinthecityof_____. A.Belfast B.Edinburgh C.Manchester 33.ThecontributionmadebytheNormanstoBritainisthefollowingexcept_____. A.finalunificationofEngland B.foundationofaristocracy C.greatadministrativeprogress D.somepeculiaritiesofdialect 34.About_____percentofthepopulationliveincitiesortowns. A.80 B.85 C.90 35. The land available for farming in England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland does not exceed_____millionacres. A.30 B.25 C.40 36.ThehighestmountaininEnglandis_____.师出教育 电话:400-600-2690 咨询QQ:1400700402 第 3 页共41 页 A.Mt.Mourne B.Mt.Snowdon C.Mt.Seafell 37.Thesecondlargest cityin Englandis_____. A.Glasgow B. Birmingham C.Manchester 38.ThemodernScotsandIrisharethedescendantsof_____. A.Gaels B.Britons C.Anglo-Saxons 39.Scotlandoccupiesthe_____portionofGreatBritain. A.southern B. northern C.western 40. By the Act of Union in _____, the name United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was adopted. 41._____hasitsownnationalchurchanditsownsystemoflaw. A.Wales B.NorthernIrelandC.Scotland 42.The_____EndincludesWestminster,St.James’Palace A.East B. West C. North 43._____includesLondon,thecentreofgovernmentforthewholenation. A.Scotland B. NorthernIrelandC.Wales D.England 1.TheU.K. issituatedin _Northwestern____Europe. 2.ThefulltitleoftheU.K.istheUnitedKingdomof__________and__________. 3.The U.K. consistsofEngland,_____,_____ andNorthernIreland. 4.ThelargestpartofU.K.is_____. 5.ThecapitalofEnglandandofGreatBritainis_____. 6. _____ _____ is composed of six Irish counties that elected to remain in the union with Great Britain. 7.The name United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was replaced by the present name after the26countiesofIrelandobtainedautonomyin_____. 8.ThehighestmountaininBritainis__________. 9.The“BackboneofEngland”referstothe_____. 10.NaturalgaswasdiscoveredinBritaininthe__________. 11.ThemostimportantriveristheRiverof_____. 12.ThepoliticalcentreoftheCommonwealthis_____. 13.BelfastLoughandLoughNeaghliein__________. 14.TheclimateofBritainismoderatedby the__________ _____ andismuch milderthanthat of manyplacesinthesamelatitude. 15.Britain’sIndustrialRevolutiontookplacebetween_____and_____. 16.TheBankofEnglandwasfoundedin_____. 17.ThepopulationoftheU.K.ismorethan_____million. 18.Britainisbasicallyanexporterof_____. 19.ThepopulationoftheU.K.consistsoftheEnglish,theWelsh,theScottishandthe_____. 20.InWalesmanypeoplespeak_____. 21.Peoplesingthenationalanthemin_____. 22.Theearliestinvasionisthatbythe_____-hairedMediterraneanracecalledtheIberians. 23.Themodern_____and_____arethedescendantsoftheGaelsoftheCeltictribes.师出教育 电话:400-600-2690 咨询QQ:1400700402 第 4 页共41 页 24.TheBritonsoftheCeltictribesweretheforefathersofthemodern_____. 25.GreaterLondonismadeupof12_____Londonboroughsand_____OuterLondonboroughs. 26.TheInternationalfestivalofmusicandtheartsisheldeveryyearinthecityof_____. 27.TheBritishnationalanthemis____________________. 28.TheU.K.liestothe_____ofFrance. 29.Westminster,theareaofcentralgovernmentadministrationissituatedinthe_____End. 30.River_____flowsthroughGlasgow. 31. Mt. Seafellstandsin_____. 32.ThesourceoftheRiver_____isintheCotswolds. 33.ThecapitalcityofWalesis_____. 34.TheUnitedKingdomisrichin_____,iron,tin,copper,leadandsilver. 35.DefinetheFollowingTerms 36.“BackboneofEngland”:Pennines 37.GreaterLondon 38.Celts 39.The“IrishQuestion” I.AnswertheFollowingQuestions 英美概况答案 Part I DCBAA CAAAB ABBBB ABABD ACACB CBBCD BADAA CBABA CBD II. Northwestern Great Britain, Northern Ireland Scottish, Welsh England London Northern Ireland 1921 Ben Nevis Pennines North Sea Thames London Northern Ireland Atlantic Gulf Stream 1750, 1850 1694 57 manufacture Irish Welsh English dark Scots, Irish Welsh Inner, 20 Edinburgh God Save the Queen North West Clyde England Thames Cardiff coal 英美概况英国历史部分 History 1.JuliusCaesarinvadedBritain__B___. A.once B.twice C.threetimes 2.KingArthurwasthekingof__B___. A.Picts B.Celts C.Scots D.Jutes 3.Thefirst“KingoftheEnglish”was_B____. A.Alfred B.Egbert C.Bede D.Ethelred 4.ChristianitywasintroducedintoEnglandinthelate__C__century. A.14th B.8th C.6th 5.In1653_A____wasmadeLordProtectorforlife. A.OliverCromwellB.CharlesI C.WilliamII 6. The three great Germanic tribes: the Anglos, the _A____ and the Jutes which invaded Britain师出教育 电话:400-600-2690 咨询QQ:1400700402 第 5 页共41 页 formthebasisofthemodernBritishpeople. A.Saxons B.Scots C.Welsh D.Wessex 7.TheheadofthechurchinAnglo-Saxontimeswas_D____. A.theKingofDenmarkandNorway B.thekingofEngland C.JuliusCaesar D.theArchbishopofCanterbury 8.The___B__invadedEnglandintheearliesttime. A.Danes B.Iberians C.Romans D.Celts 9.TheVikingswhoinvadedEnglandattheturnofthe8thcenturycamefrom__D___. A.Norway B.Denmark C.France D.bothAandB 10.Edwardwasknownasthe“__A___”becauseofhisreputationforsaintliness.] A.Confessor B. Conqueror C.Protector 11.NormanConquestbeganin__B___. A.1016 B.1066 C.1035 12.Inhistory___A__wasnicknamed“KingofLackland”. A.John B.HenryI C.HenryII 13. In 1181 Henry II issued the ___B__ which made it compulsory for every freeman in England tobeprovidedwitharms. A.InquestofSheriffsB.AssizeofArmsC.DoomsdayBook 14.HenryPlantagenet,in1154,establishedtheHouseofAngevinas_B____. A.HenryI B.HenryII C.HenryIII 15.HenryIIappointedin1162_A____ArchbishopofCanterbury. A.ThomasBecketB.StephenLangtonC.SimondeMortfort 16.CharlesIwasbeheadedin_A____. A.1649 B.1648 C.1653 17.Itwas__A___whosummonedModelParliamentin1295. A.EdwardI B.HenryIV C.SimondeMontfort 18.TheGreatChartercontained__C___setsofprovisions. A.two B.four C.three 19.ThePeasantsUprisingin1381wasledby_B____. A.HenryTurner B.WattTyler C.Richard 20.TheEnglishChurchwasstrictly__A___. A.national B.international C.regional 21.TheGloriousRevolutionin1688wasinnaturea__A___. A.coupd’etat B.racialslaughterC.peasantrising 22.TheIndustrialRevolutionlaidagoodfoundationforthe_A____. A.factoryoftheworld B.expansionofmarkets C.socialupheaval 23. The American Revolution (the American War of Independence) broke out in __A___ and endedin_____. A.1775,1783 B.1774,1782 C.1786,1784 24.TheBattleofHastingstookplacein___C. A.1606 B.1042 C.1066师出教育 电话:400-600-2690 咨询QQ:1400700402 第 6 页共41 页 25.TheGreatCharterwassignedby___C__in1215. A.KingHenryII B.KingRichard C.KingJohn 26.Intheearly14thcenturyfeudalismbeganto___C__inEngland. A.grow B.flourish C.decline D.end 27.Itwas___B__whopublishedthebook“TheRightsofMan”. A.ThomasMore B.ThomasPaine C.ThomasJefferson 28.ThefirstPrime Ministerwas__C___. A.Wilminton B.GeorgeGrenvilleC.RobertWalpole 29. The Parliament of 1265 which is known as the “__A___” is considered the “beginning of parliament”. A.AllEstatesParliament B.ModelParliament C.LongParliament 30.TheAnglo-Frenchhostilitywhichbeganin1337andendedin1453wasknownas_B____. A.theWarsofRoses B.theHundredYears’WarC.PeasantUprising 31.Inthefirsthalfof17thcentury__B___growrapidlyinEngland. A.feudalism B.capitalism C.Catholicism 32.PrimeMinister___A__resistedanyreformthatcouldberesisted. A.Palmerston B.RobertPeel C.Gladstone 33.BytheendoftheHundredYears’Waronlytheportof__C___remainedunderEnglishrule. A.Troyes B.Gascon C.Calais 34.Inthe14thcenturytookplacethe___B__,theseverestofmanyplaguesinthemiddleages. A.Earthquake B.BlackDeath C.Drought 35. __A___ and his followers, known as Lollards, provided ideological preparation for the labour movementofthe14thcentury. A.JohnWycliffe B.WattTyler C.Somerset 36.BytheendoftheWarsoftheRosestheHouseof_A____began. A.Tudor B.Lancaster C.Plantagenet 37. In the “___B__” of 1388 five lords accused the King’s friends of treason under a very expansivedefinitionofcrime. A.AllEstatesparliament B.MercilessParliamentC.ModelParliament 38.IntheWarsoftheRosestheLancastrianswirebadgesof_B____rose. A.white B.red C.pink D.yellow 39.ThefirstCivilWarinBritainlastedfrom___C__to_____. A.1600,1604 B.1640,1644 C.1642,1646 40.WilliamShakespeareismainlya_B____. A.novelist B.dramatist C.poet 41.In1689the“BillofRights”waspassed.__A___beganinEngland. A.TheConstitutionalMonarchy B.AllEstatesParliamentC.HouseofLancaster 42.The___A__carriedontraderelationswithRussiaandcentralAsiancountries. A.MoscowCompany B.EastlandCompanyC.EastIndiaCompany 43.___A__startedtheslavetradeinthesecondpartofthe16thcentury. A.JohnHawkins B.FrancisDrake C.Diaz 44. In 1534 Parliament passed the “_B____”, according to which Henry VIII was declared the headoftheEnglishChurch.师出教育 电话:400-600-2690 咨询QQ:1400700402 第 7 页共41 页 A.theBillofRightsB.ActofSupremacyC.ActofSettlement 45.UnderElizabethI__C___wasrestored,andshewasdeclared“governor”ofthechurch. A.theRomanChurch B.theCatholicChurchC.theAnglicanChurch 46.In1337thehostilitybetweenEnglandand_A____resultedintheHundredYears’War. A.France B.Spain C.Russia 47.Thereligiouspersecutionmainlyexistedduringthereignof___B__. A.Cromwell B.CharlesI C.HenryVIII 48.Englandfirstbecameaseapowerinthetimeof_B____. A.HenryVII B.ElizabethI C.Victoria 49.TheIndustrialRevolutionfirststartedin__B___. A.theironindustryB.thetextileindustryC.thecoalindustry 50.From1688to1783EnglishParliamentwasmainlycontrolledbythepartyof___B__. A.Tory B.Whig C. Labour 51.TheEnglishPrimeMinisterduringtheSecondWorldWarwas_A____. A.Churchill B.Chamberlain C.Baldwin 52.AttheEndof__B__century,theEastIndiaCompanywasformed. A.15th B.16th C.14th 53.TheSevenYearsWarbetweenEnglandandFrancelastedfrom__A___to_____. A.1756,1763 B.1713,1720 C.1754,1761 54.In1689Parliamentpassed“__B___”,limitingthepowersofthecrown. A.HabeasCorpusAct B.theBillofRights C.NavigationAct 55.__A___contrastedthefirstsuccessfulsteamlocomotive. A.GeorgeStephenson B.SamuelCrompton C.JamesHargreaves 56.The“PeterlooMassacre”tookplacein___C__. A.Birmingham B.Liverpool C.Manchester 57.Between1911and1914tookplacethefollowingstrikesexcept_B____. A.railwaystrike B.strikeofthepostmen C.coalstrike D.strikeofthetransport 58.TheVictorianAgewasoverthe__A___began. A.EdwardianAgeB.GeorgianAge C.ElizabethanAge 59. The ___B__ government surrendered to the British invaders and was forced to sign the first unequalTreatyofNanjingin1842. A.Indian B. Qing C.Irish D.Spanish 60.TheGreatCharterwasessentiallya__C___. A.Culture Movement B. colonialdocument C.feudaldocument 61.___B__brokeouttwoyearsaftertheHundredYears’WarwithFrance. A.TheBoreWar B.TheWarsoftheRoses C.QueenAnnes’War 62.TheReformationwasaproductof_A____. A.theRenaissance B.theChartistMovement C.theHundredYears’War 63.ThegreatestdramatistoftheEnglishRenaissancewas_A____. A.Shakespeare B.Milton C.Chaucer D.Bacon 64.TheEnglishRevolutionmarksthebeginningofthe__B___periodofcapitalism. A.feudal B.modern C.colonial D.medieval师出教育 电话:400-600-2690 咨询QQ:1400700402 第 8 页共41 页 65.Bythe____B_in1783,BritainrecognizedtheindependenceoftheUS. A.DeclaratoryActB.TreatyofParisC.TreatyofMontgomery 66.TheChartistMovementbeganin_____andreacheditsheightin__C___. A.1845,1858 B.1828,1835 C.1839,1848 67.In1840Britainlaunchedanaggressivewaragainst_C____. A.France B.India C.China D.America 68.__A___formedacoalitiongovernmentin1940. A.WinstonChurchillB.LloydGeorge C.NevilleChamberlain 69.Bythe___A__theBritishdominionsbecameindependentstatesinallbutname. A.StatueofWestminster B.LocarnoTreaty C.DisputesAct 70.TheFabiansSocietywasfoundedin1883,includingintellectualssuchas___C__. A.WilliamShakespeare&BenJonson B.ChristopherMarlowe&JohnMilton C.G.B.Shaw&H.G.Wells 71. BeforeWWII __A___ relied on appeasement of the European dictators to reduce tensions that mightleadtowar. A.NevilleChamberlain A.StanleyBaldwin C.WinstonChurchill 72. DuringWWII, Britain,America, France, Soviet Union and other antifascistcountries formed a unitedinternationalalliancewhichwascalled_B____. A.LocarnoTreatyB.GrandAllianceC.StatuteofWestminster 73. The first coalition government during WWI was organized when __B___ was the Prime Minister. A.LloydGeorge B.HerbertAsquith C.StanleyBaldwin 74. When Germany invaded __C__ which was neutral, Britain declared war on Germany on 4 August,1914. A.Austria B.Russia C.Belgium D.Poland 1.Atabout3000BC,someofthe_____settledinBritain. 2.About122AD,inordertokeepbackthePictsand,the_____builtHadrian’sWall. 3.TherealRomanconquestbeganin_____. 4.__________’s“ParadiseLost”waspublishedin1667. 5.Beowulf,consideredthegreatestOldEnglishpoem,isassignedto_____Times. 6._____wasconsideredthefirstnationalhero. 7.OnChristmasDay1066Duke_____wascrownedinWestminsterAbbey. 8.InhistoryJohnwasnicknamedKingof_____. 9. John signed the document in 1215, which in history was called the Great Charter or _____ _____. 10.In1086Williamhadhisofficialtomakeageneralsurveyoftheland,knownas_____Book. 11.ThemostfamousscholarduringAnglo-SaxonTimeswas_____. 12.TheBattleof_____pavedthewayfortheNormanConquesttoEngland. 13. The Norman Conquest increased the process of _____ which had begun during the Anglo-SaxonTimes. 14.DukeWilliamwasknowninhistoryasWilliamthe_____. 15.AlongwiththeNormanscamethe_____language.师出教育 电话:400-600-2690 咨询QQ:1400700402 第 9 页共41 页 16.TheEnglishparliamentoriginatedinthe__________. 17.Theheadofthe_____wasArchbishopof_____. 18.The__________in1688wasinnatureacoupd’etat. 19.ThePeople’sCharterincluded_____pointssuchasuniversalmalesuffrage. 20. The corrupt Qing government surrendered to Britain and was forced to sign the first unequal Treatyof_____in1842. 21.AftertheCrimeanWar_____wasforcednottofortifySebastopol. 22. The third collection of the poll tax in the early part of 1381 became the fuse of _____ _____ rising. 23.TheWarsoftheRosesbrokeoutbetweenthe_____andthe_____. 24.TheEnclosureMovementbeganinthe_____century. 25.Bythetreatyof_____in1783,BritainrecognizedtheindependenceoftheUS. 26.In_____BritainlaunchedtheOpiumWaragainstChina. 27.TheEastIndiaCompanyformedattheendofthe16thcenturywasoneof_____companies. 28.AftertheReformationtheRomanCatholicChurchwas_,theEnglishChurchwasstrictly___. 29. Mary I re-established Catholicism and burnt three hundred Protestants, for which she was called“_____”Mary. 30. “Renaissance” means “___”, i.e. Europe rediscovering its origins in the cultures of ancient GreekandRome. 31. During the Renaissance, the thinkers who worked for freedom and enlightenment were called “__”. 32.ThenatureoftheWarsoftheRoseswasa__________war. 33.BythebeginningoftheTudorreignthemanorsystemwasreplacedbythe_____system. 34.Inthesummerof1588theSpanishships,the__________wasdefeatedbyEnglishships. 35. The greatest English humanist was Sir _____ whose work _____ became a humanistic classic intheworldliterature. 36.EnglishRenaissancebeganin_____century. 37.TheHouseof_____wasnotoriousforitsabsolutistrule. 38. Duringthe CivilWars (1642 – 1648) the supportersof Parliamentwere called_____ while the supportersoftheKingCharlesIwerecalled_____. 39.In1653Cromwellwasmade__________forlifeandstartedhismilitarydictatorshipopenly. 40.TheSevenYearsWarwasendedbytheTreatyof_____. 41.ThefirsttwopartiesappearedinEnglandwerethe_____andthe_____. 42.ThebasicpointofthePeople’sCharteris__________. 43.In1764JamesHargreavesinventedthe__________. 44.From1863totheendofthecenturyBritainhadbeencarryingaforeignpolicyof_________. 45. The Parliament passed the Act of __ in 1701, excluding James Catholic son from the succession. 46.AfterCharlesIwasbeheadedin1649Englandwasdeclareda_____. 47. In September 1939 Germany invaded _____, thus Britain and France declared war on Germany. 48.TheIndustrialRevolutionstartedduringthelastpartofthe_____century. 49.Thesteamenginewasinventedby__________in1769.师出教育 电话:400-600-2690 咨询QQ:1400700402 第 10 页共41 页 50.SamuelCromptoninventedthe__________in1779. 51. EdmundCartwrightinventedthe _____ _____ in1785. 52.Uponthecompletionofthe__________by1850Englandbecametheworkshopoftheworld. 53.In1868thefirstTradeUnionCongressmetin_____. 54.In1534Parliamentpassedthe“_______________”. 55. On the eve of WWI the Triple Alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary and _____ was formed. 56. The First World War was an imperialist war as well as a _____ war because it was not confinedonlytoEurope.Itlasted_____years. 57.At the _____ _____ _____, the League of Nations was established and theTreaty of Versailles wassigned. 58.The__________of1926wasAustenchamberlain’schiefclaimtofameasforeignsecretary. 59.OnMay7,1945,_____surrenderedunconditionally. 60.Itwas__________wholedthecountryduringthe“miracleofDunkirk”. 61.WhenGeorgeIbegantheHousesofHanoverin1714,the_____systemwasestablished. ExplaintheFollowingTerms 英美概况自测题(二)英国历史部分答案 I. BBBCA ADBDA 11-15 BABBA 16-20 AACBA AAACC CBAAB 31-35BACBA ABBCB 41-45AAABC ABBBB 51-55 ABABA CBABC 61-65BAABB CCAAC 71-74ABBC 1. II. Iberians Romans 43 A.D John Milton Anglo-Saxon Alfred William Lackland Magna Carta Domesday Bede Hastings feudalism Conqueror French Great Council Church Glorious Revolution 6 Nanjing Russia WattTyler’s 2. Lancasterians, Yorkists 15th Paris 1840 Chartered international, national Bloody rebirth humanists feudal civil money InvincibleArmada Thomas More, Utopia 16th Stuart Roundheads, Cavaliers Lord Protector Paris Tory, Whig universal suffrage Spinning Jenny splendid isolation Settlement Commonwealth Poland 18th James Watt Spinning Mule Power Loom Industrial Revolution Manchester Act of Supremacy Italy world, 4 Paris Peace Conference LocarnoTreaty Germany WinstonChurchill cabinet 英语考研英美概况模拟题(三)英国文化部分 Culture MultipleChoice 1.AllchildrenintheUKmust,bylaw,receiveafull-timeeducationfromtheageof___to_____. A.5,16 B.6,17 C.7,18 2.InstateschoolsthelettersA,BandCareoftenusedtodescribe“_____”orparallelclasses.师出教育 电话:400-600-2690 咨询QQ:1400700402 第 11 页共41 页 A.grade B.form C.streams 3.Publicschoolsbelongtothecategoryofthe_____schools. A.state B.independent C.local 4. The pupils who had got the highest marks in the “eleven plus” examination would go to_ school. A.grammar B.technical C.secondarymodern 5.OxfordandCambridgearetheoldestuniversitiesdatingfrom_____and_____. A.1167,1284 B.1234,1325 C.1335,1427 6.Thereareover_____universitiesinBritain. A.thirty B.forty C.fifty 7.ThetwofeaturesofOxfordandCambridgearethecollegesystemandthe_____. A.recordsofattendance B.governingcouncil C.tutorialsystem 8. The universities of St. Andrews, Glasgow, Aberdeen and Edinburgh are called the four _____ universities. A.old B.new C.Scottish 9.The_____universityofferscoursesthroughoneofBBC’stelevisionchannelsandbyradio. A.open B.new C.middleaged 10.BuckinghamUniversityisand_____universitywhichwasestablishedin1973. A.independent B. open C. old 11.ThesecondcentreoftheBritishpressisin_____. A.London B. theFleetStreetC. Manchester 12.InBritaingreatmajorityofchildrenattend_____schools. A.state B.independent C.religious 13.InBritaineducationattheagefrom5to16is_____. A.optional B.compulsory C.self-taught 14.TheoldestuniversityinBritainis_____. A.Cambridge B.Edinburgh C.Oxford 15.Britishnewspaperspossessthefollowingfeaturesexcept_____. A.freedomofspeech B.fastdelivery C.monopliedbyoneofthefivelargeorganization D.nodifficultyforindependentnewspaperstosurvive 16.TheearliestnewspaperinBritainis_____. A.DailyMail B.DailyTelegraphsC.TheTimes D.Guardian 17._____istheoldestSundaynewspaperinBritain. A.SundayTimes B.TheObserver C.Thepeople D.NewsoftheWorld 18.Themosthumorousmagazineis_____. A.NewSociety B.PrivateEye C. Punch D.Spectator 19.IntheUKthereareabout_____dailiesandover_____weeklies. A.130,1000 B.200,800 C.160,1200 20.Thereare_____nationaldailynewspaperswhichappeareverymorningexceptonSundays. A.nine B.seven C.eight 21.TheDailyTelegraphandSundayTelegraphsupportthe_____.师出教育 电话:400-600-2690 咨询QQ:1400700402 第 12 页共41 页 A.LiberalParty B.LabourParty C.ConservativeParty 22.TheEconomist,NewStatesman,Spectatorare_____. A.journals B.dailynewspapersC.localpapersI.CAACA ACBAB 23.BBCwasfoundedin_____andcharteredin_____asanindependentpubliccorporation. A.1922,1927 B.1292,1297 C.1822,1827 24.TheExchangeTelegraphCo.Ltd.isa_____newsagency. A.public B.governmental C.local D.private 25.TheBBCismainlyfinancedby_____. A.paymentfromallpeoplewhopossessTVsets B.theincomefromadvertisements C.somelargecorporations D.Britishgovernment 26.ThemostfamousbroadcastingcompanyinBritainis_____. A.BritishBroadcastingCorporation B.IndependentBroadcastingAuthority C.Reuters 27.Reuterswasfoundedintheyearof_____. A.1518 B.1815 C.1851 28.Thenewheadquarters’buildingof_____isat85FleetStreet,London. A.BBC B. thePressAssociationLtd. C.theExchangeTelegraphCo.Ltd. 29._____isregardedasthemostEnglishofgames. A.Cricket B.Soccer C.Rugger 30._____claimsthehighestpopularattendanceinBritain. A.Rugbyfootball B.Associationfootball C.Baseball 31._____“pools”provideamusementformillionsofpeoplewhobetontheresultsofmatches. A.Associationfootball B.Baseball C.Cricket 32.Theannual_____championshipsatWimbledon,inLondon,arethemostfamousintheworld. A.hockey B.tennis C.netball 33._____racingischieflyabettingsport. A.Horse B.Boat C. Dog 34. Hurdle or steeplechase racing takes up the winter months, leading to its climax in the Grand NationalSteeplechaseat_____inMarch. A.London B.Edinburgh C.Liverpool 35.Itwas_____whofirstrevolutionizedscientificthoughtinBritain. A.FrancisBacon B.ThomasNewcomerC.JamesWatt 36._____discoveredthecirculationoffood. A.FrancisGlissonB.WilliamHarveyC.GeorgeStephenson 37.TheRoyalSocietywasfoundedin_____in_____. A.London,1660 B.Liverpool,1660C.London,1760师出教育 电话:400-600-2690 咨询QQ:1400700402 第 13 页共41 页 38. The Royal Society reached the summit of its prestige in 1703, when _____ became its president. A.RobertBoyle B.IssaeNewton C. FrancisBacon 39.JamesWattwasagreat_____engineerandinventor. A.Irish B.Scottish C.English 40._____developedatomictheoryinthe18thcentury. A.JohnDalton B.FrancisGlissonC.RobertBoyle 41.Theminor’ssafetylampwasinventedby_____. A.FrancisBacon B.WilliamHarveyC.HumphyDavy 42.CharlesRobertDarwinDevelopedthetheoryof_____. A.evolution B.immunology C.virology 43._____isconsideredthefatherofEnglishpoetry. A.GeoffreyChaucerB. JohnMilton C. JohnDonne 44.BigBenisthenicknameof_____. A.BenjaminFranklinB.SirBenjaminHallC.the315-footClockTower 45.TheBritishMuseumwasfoundedin_____. A.1659 B.1763 C.1753 46.TheBritishMuseumisfinancedby_____fundsandismanagedbyaboardof25trustees. A.Government B.individual C.local 47.Youcouldfindtheworld-famousSpeakers’Cornerin_____. A.GreatRussell B.HydePark C.WestminsterAbbey 48._____isthebiggestandmostwell-knownchurchinLondon. A.Whitehall B.St.Paul’sCathedral C.WestminsterAbbey 49._____isthemonarch’spresentLondonhome. A.WestminsterPalace B.BuckinghamPalace C.WhitehallPalace 50.Stratford-on-Avonisthep
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