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湖南长郡中学2019届高三上学期第一次月考(开学专业考试)英语试题~word.doc

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.长郡中学2019届高三月考试卷(一)英 语第一部分听力(共两节,满分30分) 做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。第一节 (共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分) 听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。例: How much is the shirt? A.£19.15. B.£9.18. C.£9.15.答案是C。1. How much did each dinner cost? A.$8. B.$16. C.$64.2. When will John arrive? A. On the weekend. B.Within two days. C.Tomorrow.3. Which of the following countries was NOT mentioned? A. Spain. B.Sweden. C.Scotland.4. What is Ray going to do after leaving the library? A. He will have a class. B. He will go to the laboratory. C,He will go home.5. According to the woman, what can the man do if he doesn't pass the test? A. He can go to college. B. He can work for his father. C. He can choose another school.第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分) 听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。6. How many bottles of wine does the man want at last? A.One. B.Two. C.Three.7. What do we know about the man according to the dialogue? A. The man always drinks white wine. B. The man likes German wine better than French wine. C. The man will have chicken with white wine.听第7段材料,回答第8至第9小题。8.What day is it today? A. Thursday. B.Friday. C.Saturday.9. What's the date of Jane's birthday?A. April 15th. B.April 5th. C.April 4th.听第8段材料,回答第10至第12小题。10. What is the woman doing? A. She is visiting a friend. B. She is telling a story about herself. C. She is applying for a job.11. What does the woman do now? A. She is a secretary. B.She is a nurse. C.She is a bank clerk.12. How long has the woman been working? A. For one year. B,For 7 years. C.For more than 7 years.听第9段材料,回答第13至第16小题。13. What is happening to Lisa? A. Someone in her family is sick. B. An accident happened to her friend from Shenzhen. C. Her family will have to move to a new place.14. What does Tom think of the news? A. He's glad for Lisa. B.He's also very sad. C.He's very surprised.15. According to the dialogue, what can we say about Tom? A. He knows well about Shenzhen. B. He longs for a visit to Shenzhen. C. He has once been to Shenzhen.16. What's the probable relationship between the two speakers? A. Teacher and student. B,Colleagues. C.Schoolmates.听第10段材料,回答第17至第20小题。17. What is the old man not satisfied with? A. Modern education. B.Modern science. C.Modern films.18. Why did the old man walk to the boys? A. Because he wanted young children not to tell lies. B. Because he wanted to make friends with them. C. Because he was curious about what was going on.19. What were the boys doing one day? A. They were playing football merrily in the park. B. They were competing to see who could tell the biggest lie. C. They were trying to feed something to a small lonely cat.20. Why did the boys leave the cat with the old man? A. Because they thought him the right person to keep it. B. Because they believed he had told the biggest lie. C. Because the old man showed pity on the cat.第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A.B.C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。★A China has announced it's abolishing its one-child policy. What difference has itmade, statistically speaking? 400 million births prevented The one-child policy, officially in place since 1979, has prevented 400 millionbirths. Parents have faced fines and other punishments for having more children. The majority of the decrease in China's fertility(生育)rate happened in the 1970s.It dropped from 5.8 children per woman in 1970 t0 2.7 in 1978. Despite the one-childpolicy the rate had only fallen t0 1.7 by 2013. 21:28 baby death rate Since the one-child policy was introduced, baby girls have become more likely todie than boys. In the 1970s, according to the United Nations, 60 males per l,000 live births diedunder the age of one. For girls the figure was 53. In the 1980s, after the one-childpolicy became official, the rate for both was 36. By the 1990s, 26 males per l,000 livebirths died before the age of one-and 33 girls. The 2000s saw 21 boys per l,000 livebirths dying and 28 girls. 1.16 boys born for every girl Sexually selective abortions have been considered as a major cause of China'sunusual sexual imbalance. Gietel-Basten, associate professor in social policy at Oxford University, says thebirths of many girls are not registered if parents have broken the rule by having twochildren, adding officials often turn a blind eye. It's estimated there are now 33 millionmore men than women in China. 4:2:1 families With the ageing of China's population and the continuation of the one-child policy,a “4: 2 : 1”home is the description given to households in which there are fourgrandparents cared for by two working age parents, who themselves have one child. By 2050, it's predicted that a quarter of China's population will be 65 or older. Thepredicted decline in the number of people of working age is thought to have persuadedthe government to drop the one-child policy.21. When was the baby death rate for both boys and girls equal? A. In the 1970s. B. In the 1980s. C. In the 1990s. D. In the 2000s.22. What makes the one-child policy abolished according to the passage? A. The decline of birth rate. B. The rise of baby death rate. C. The change of family structure. D. The decline of working age people.23. The passage sums up the one-child policy by . A. number B. example C. contrast D. analysis B lt's a little hard to figure out the rules for sure, but the baby African buffalo( 7K午)seems to have the upper hand. The two stand a couple feet apart, staring at each other.Behind them, their mothers look on with the kind of indifference(不关心) of motherseverywhere who see their kids playing a harmless game. The alarm went off about half an hour ago, the second time tonight. Here, onebell means “elephant”, two, “rhino” (犀牛), and three and four, 1 really can'tremember for what, because when you're awoken by bells in the middle of the night,your first thought won't be “Animal! ”. But as soon as I realized it was the rhino alarm,I was running for the stairs. Yet I'm the only one watching the animals stare-down. Either everyone else diedof a heart attack when the bells went off, or l was the only one in the entire hotel whodidn't turn the alarm switch to off before going to bed. The Ark, a hotel shaped like the biblical ark(圣经的方舟) , lies in the highlands ofKenya's Aberdare National Park, about 100 kilometers north of Nairobi. At the Ark'sprow(船首) are huge windows overlooking a waterhole. Earlier tonight, I'd watched apack of wolves, buffalos and elephants. And now, at three or so in the morning, I'mdown for rhino bells. The first time, 2. 5 hours ago, it was a single black rhino, whichcame down, got a drink, and left. I'd have been sorry for the lost sleep. I've already arranged with a guide to take meout at sunrise for the so-called “should_never_miss” bird-watching, where we'll get tosee 30 species, but really, how many times in your life will you get to wake up and say,“Wow! Rhino!”? Isn't that the definition of a pretty good night? Last week we wentfrom Uganda into Kenya. Before I left home, 1 thought I'd be happy with ten elephantsand five or six giraffes on the whole trip. I didn't dare to dream the rhino.24. The message that the hotel's bells sent was . A. a very wise way the author had never heard of B. hard for the author to remember in detail C. a matter that all visitors had got used to D. like conditioned response training for animals25. What's the author's attitude toward the bell? A. It's bothering but two bells are welcome. B. It should be turned off whenever it rings. C. It lets visitors have a chance to see buffalos. D. It is a very bad way to wake the guests up.26. What can we learn from the passage? A. The author hates all the animals. B. There are lots of wild animals near the Ark. C. The author slept well during the whole trip. D. The author has no interest in thinos.27. What did the author see at about 3:00 a.m. ? A. Two buffalos were fighting fiercely for food. B. A rhino and a buffalo were fighting for water. C. A rhino and a buffalo were staring at each other. D. A buffalo was teaching its baby to walk freely. *C Many people trying to sell homes find that an increase in home prices has turnedthe market in their favor. But sellers can still get the short end of the deal if they aren'tcareful. Here are a few tips for you: Don't test your luck. Of course you think anyone who moves into your lovely homeshould be willing to pay top dollars, especially if you've recently invested in someimprovements. But listing a home at a price that's too high above the market price couldturn away some buyers. Buyers noticing that the home still hasn't sold may begin to assume there'ssomething wrong with the house and use that as a reasonable excuse for offering a lowerprice. And if a home hasn't received any offers after two weeks, it might be time toreset the price. A price that's too low can bring about an undesired outcome. Listing your home ator slightly below the market price can have the effect of drawing in a large group ofbuyers and increase the chances that a home will receive multiple offers. But setting theprice too low comes with several risks. One possibility is that buyers will get skeptical ofthe home that is listed for $ 15,000 to $ 20,000 less than similar homes in the area,especially if it's not properly marketed. Once again, people might assume there issomething wrong with the home and may not bother to look at it. Spy on the competition. Going to other people's open houses can give you a bettersense of how your home compares to others on the market. Check out the decoration intheir kitchens, the size of their backyards and use the information to figure out whereyour home should fit in the range of the price. But don't set your pricing just on whatyou see elsewhere.28. What does the underlined part in Paragraph l probably mean? A. Be at a disadvantage. B. Get the upper hand. C. Have control over the situation. D. Be unable to fit in.29. What should home sellers do according to the passage? A. Price your house on the basis of its geographic location. B. Price your house slightly above the market price after decorating it. C. Change the price if no offer has been received within a week. D. Price your house at or slightly below the market price.30. If you set the price of your house too low, . A. buyers might think it not worthwhile to go to have a look B. you are likely to come into conflict with the neighborhood sellers C. your house will be crowded with buyers within a couple of days D. chances of your house being sold at a better price will be greatly increased31. What is the benefit of going to other people's open house? A. You can pick up some useful lessons on house selling. B. You can get your pricing mainly based on what you see elsewhere. C. You can work out how much money you should ask for your home. D. You can know how to make your house stand out against other houses. D What's your favorite type of music? Most people may prefer rock and roll, pop orjazz. These types are most publicized by television and the radio. Country music nowwould seem to mistakenly belong to the category of rock or pop. Publicity of thiscategory started to drop only after the year 2000; however, it did have its peak yearsjust before falling down. What people may not know is that this type of music inspired(促成) rock and rollespecially with one of the most important figures in music history-Elvis Presley-whois known as the 6/King of Rock and Roll". Elvis used to be very famous at a radioprogram which broadcast country music back in the late 1940- s. Country music isinfluenced by jazz and blues. Rock music is also influenced by jazz and blues so thatthey may even seem similar. Nowadays, country music is closely related to pop music due to artists' preferenceand popular demand. Starting from the 1980's it slowly divided itself into New and OldCountry Music. Legends like Johnny Cash began to slip away because the newunderstanding of country music actually contains pop and his music just doesn't fit thecategory. Fortunately, country music is still heavily promoted through websites andreviews. Certain types of music nowadays are linked with different age groups. Classical forthe people in the mid 19th century, pop in the 1920's, and then there's country music.All these types continue to grow and modernize while still appealing to certain agegroups. More modern country music compositions tend to become different in their ownways which makes it even harder to identify them as country music while they, again,remain appealing only to certain age groups. Active promoters of country music videos,however, seem to appeal to a large number of age groups especially those active inAustralia, for as long as country music isn't mixed with other types, it will eventuallyregain its charm as music for all ages.32. It can be learned from the first paragraph that country music____. A. is most publicized by television and the radio B. used to be liked by more people compared to jazz C. has become less popular since the year 2000 D. should be included in the category of rock or pop33. What is the relationship between rock music and country music? A. Both types influenced the formation of rock and roll. B. Presley turned pop music into country music. C. They are both influenced by jazz and blues. D. The use of the same instruments makes them sound similar.34. Some legends of country music began to slip away because____. A. their songs totally changed the style of country music B. they began to work on pop music for more profits C. there is no marketing space for country music anymore D. they can't meet the popular demands on country music35. The author seems to believe that____. A. country music should keep its own style to attract more listeners E;. it's necessary for country music to be mixed with other types C. only a certain age group of people will like country music in the future D. common characteristics can be found in all modern music第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 What makes one person more intelligent than another? What makes one person agenius, like the brilliant Albert Einstein, and another person a fool? Are people bornintelligent or stupid, or is intelligence the result of where and how you live? 3 6 We know, however, that just being born with a good mind is not enough. In someways, the mind is like a leg or an arm muscle. 3 7 Mental exercise is particularlyimportant for young children. Many child psychologists think that parents should playwith their children more often and give them problems to think about. 3 8 If onthe other hand, children are left alone a great deal with nothing to do, they are morelikely to become dull and unintelligent. 3 9 According to some psychologists, if parents are always telling a child thathe or she is a fool or an idiot, then the child is more likely to keep doing silly andfoolish things. So it is probably better for parents to say very positive things to theirchildren, such as “That was a very clever thing you did.”or“40 ”A.A healthy body contributes to one's intelligence.B. Parents should also be careful about what they say to young children.C. What people want to express is like this.D. The children are then more likely to grow up bright and intelligent.E,It needs exercise.F. You are such a smart child.G. These are very old questions and the answers to them are still not clear.第三部分英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)第一节 (共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A.B.C和D四个选项中,选出可以填人空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 ★A welcome gift Dario and his mother loved their new apartment. The living room was large enoughfor their piano. That night, the two of them 41 side by side at the piano. Theyplayed jazz music to celebrate their new home. The loud 42 filled the room andmade them feel very happy. The next morning, 43 ,their happiness disappeared. Someone had left a 44 under their door during the night. One of their neighbours had written tocomplain(抱怨)about the sound of the piano. Dario's mother asked the buildingsuperintendent(管理员)if he knew anything about it.But he said that they were all 45 people and he couldn't imagine any of them had done that. Later that morning,Dario suggested that they write a letter to their 46 and apologize for their playing. “Maybe we could go and 47 everyone in person," his mother said. “What if we invited them to come here for a 48 instead?" Dario asked. They both loved the 49 .Over the next few days, they 50 invitations andprepared desserts for their guests. They decorated the apartment with streamers(彩带)and party lights. Finally, the day of the party 51 . Some guests brought presents. Othersbrought flowers. Some even brought desserts to 52 .One woman, Mrs Gilbert, 53 Dario's mother with a book of piano music by Chopin. “I heard you playing the other night,”she said. “The sounds woke me out of bed.I 54 that you might play like this every night. So I wrote a short note.I hope youdon't think I disliked the playing.” Dario's mother smiled at Mrs Gilbert.“I think maybe we 55 you an apology,"she said.“I didn't 56 how late it was when we were playing. Maybe we should playsome quieter music at night.” “You play, you play!" Mrs Gilbert said.“I like what you play! Just not so loud atnight." She pointed to the book she had given them. “These songs are not such 57music.” “These songs are beautiful music," Dario's mother said. “We will be58 toplay them in the evening.” “And we won't play so loud or late!”Dario said. He was already looking forwardto 59 the new music. More than that, however, he was happy to see the big smileon his mother's face. It gave him a feeling of 60 and made him feel that they werehome at last.41. A. sat B.stood C.lay D. walked42. A. voice B.ring C.music D. cry43. A. therefore B.however C.otherwise D. instead44. A. note B.poster C.bill D. report45. A. proud B.rich C.lucky D. nice46. A. neighbours B.friends C.relatives D. audiences47. A. blame B.instruct C.question D. visit48. A. party B.concert C.show D. play49. A. experience B.idea C.performance D. action50. A. reached out B.made out C.sent out D. took out51. A. continued B.arrived C.passed D. finished52. A. order B.sell C.share D. advertise53. A. treated B.presented C. helped D. served54. A. promised B.admitted C.agreed D. worried55. A. give B.see C.offer D. owe56. A. realize B.remember C.understand D. accept57. A. sweet B.strange C.funny D. loud58. A. brave B.sorry C.happy D. afraid59. A. changing B.practising C.recording D. writing60. A. equality B.freedom C.warmth D. sympathy第二节 (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分) 阅读下面短文,在空白处填人1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。 Chuck Wall teaches management and human relations at Bakersfield College. Oneday, he told his students that their homework was to perform a simple and random actof kindness. Not 61 (understand) the homework, the students didn't know what todo. Chuck didn't answer their questions. 62 ,he encouraged his students to work itout by themselves. One week later, the students entered the classroom and began sharing their stories 6 3 (excited). One student reported helping a poor dog 6 4 (abandon) by itsowner. Another student told others about giving blankets away to the homeless.Gradually, more and more students developed the habit of doing such kind acts, from 65 they benefited a lot. Since then, similar kind acts 66 (perform) in schools around the world. Manyschools organize a Random Acts of Kindness Week67 (celebrate) World KindnessDay. Some schools use each day of the Random Acts of Kindness Week to perform a 68 (differ) kind act, such____69 making a new friend, helping someone, doingcommunity service or raising money for a charity. In this way, students learn toconsider other people and think about how small actions can make the world a 70(good) place.第四部分写作(共两节,满分35分)第一节短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(八),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。 My father's friend Henry used to be a teacher at a medical school and he was verystrict with his students. The students were afraid of him though he was seldom pleasedof the answers they gave. Once a student was seated before him, and Henry requiredhim describe a certain illness, his description of which turned out to be OK. ThenHenry asked about the cure for the illness, but the student gave the right answer. 6eHowmuch will you give the patient?" “A full spoon!” Suddenly the student realizes thatthere was anything wrong. He said anxiously, “I've made the mistake a full spoon istoo many, and he can take only five drops.” “It's too late; your patient has been died,”Henry said cold.第二节书面表达(满分25分) 假设你是高三学生李华,你校学生会为帮助高三学生缓解紧张学习所带来的心理压力,将于下星期举办以“如何缓解心理压力”为主题的“心理健康周( PsychologicalHealth Week)活动”。请你给同年级的美国朋友Jack写信介绍这一活动计划。要点如下: 1.描述活动的主题与形式; 2.阐述你对此活动的看法; 3.询问他们是否也有类似的活动。 注意:1.词数100左右;开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数; 2.文中不要提及真实的人名及学校名称等。Dear Jack,How are you doing? Yours, Li Hua长郡中学2019届高三月考试卷(一)英语参考答案Dear Jack , How are you doing? Are you also as busy with your study as we are now? We Senior 3 students are suffering from great pressure due to the fierce competition in study. To help deal with this problem, our Students' Union will hold a Psychological Health Week next week, the theme of which is how to relieve mental pressure. In the whole week, there will be various kinds of activities. A lecture given by a psychological professor on what to do with the pressure of study will provide us with professional psychological guidance. There will also be a drama which will show us an excellent performance. In addition, some fun games will be played among the students. I firmly believe mental health is of great importance for everyone, especially us Senior 3 students. Thus, I'm sure the Psychological Health Week will be quite beneficial for us to relieve pressure and can motivate us to study harder and more efficiently. Do you also have such activities in your school? Looking forward to your reply. Yours, Li Hua
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