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高中英语语法作业题及详细内容答案解析140题.doc

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高中 英语语法 作业题 详细内容 答案 解析 140
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.高中英语语法练习题-高考精粹(带解析答案)1. Ms Nancy didn't mind at all ______ to the ceremony. A. being not invited   B. not being invited C. not inviting        D. not to be invited  2.  "_____ your meeting is!" he offered them his sincere congratulations. A. How a great success   B. What a great success C. How great success D. What great success3. We must remember that _____fashion is not the most important thing in _______ life. A. /; the   B. /; /   C. the; /   D. the; the4.  It _____ quite a few years _____ the accused was declared innocent and set free. A. was; since   B. is; that   C. will be; when   D. was; before5. The professor said he could talk on _____ interested the audience. A. any topic    B. which topic   C. whichever topic   D. the topic he thought it6. Under no circumstance _____ to tell lies to parents. A. children are allowed   B. are children allowed C. children will allow   D. will children allow 7.  Modern science and technology has _____ communication between people far apart. A. made convenient   B. made it convenient C. made it convenient for   D. made it convenient to8. I heard that you really had a wonderful time at John's birthday party, _____? A. didn't I   B. didn't you   C. hadn't you   D. will you9. The great use of school education is not so much to teach you things _____ to teach you the art of learning. A. as   B. that   C. than   D. but10. No matter how frequently _____ the works of Beethoven always attract a large number of people. A. performing    B. performed   C. to be performed   D. being performed11. _____ their real economic situations, they got some relief fund from the government. A. Considering    B. Considered   C. Having been considered   D. Being considered12. Tina _____ have known the truth, or she would have told us. A. mustn't   B. shouldn't   C. can't   D. needn't 13. There are some police cars in front. What do you suppose _____? A. is the matter     B. is happened   C. is the wrong    D. the trouble is 14. _____ of water makes Death Valley a desert, but it is by no means devoid. A. Lacking    B. Being lack   C. Because of lack    D. Lack15. In recent years much more emphasis has been put______ developing the students productive skills. A. onto B. in    C. over D. on16. A survey was carried out on the death rate of those who were infected by SARS,  ________were surprising. A. as results   B. which results   C. the results of it       D. the results of which 17. The organization broke no rules, but ______had it acted responsibly. A. neither B. so         C. either      D. both18. Many workers were organized to clear away        remained of the World Trade Center. A. those      B. that         C. what       D. where19. My train arrive in New York at eight o'clock tonight. The plane I would like to take from there ______by then. A. would leave     B. will have left C. has left       D. had left20. The professor could hardly find sufficient grounds _____his arguments in favor of the new theory. A. to be based on    B. to base on    C. which to base on    D. on which to base21 . ________evidence that language acquiring ability must be stimulated. A. If being     B. It is   C. There is   D. There being22. Professor Wang , _______ for his informative lectures,   was warmly received by his students. A. knowing     B. known      C. to be known    D. having known23.In fact Peter would rather have left for San Francisco than ____ in New York. A. to stay    B. stayed    C. stay   D. having stayed24.You ____ him so closely;   you should have kept your distance. A. shouldn't followB. mustn't follow   C. couldn't have been following    D. shouldn't have been following25. There has been a great increase in retail sales , ____﹖    A. does there     B. isn't there    C. hasn't there      D. isn't it26. It is the news ____ most parents of the hope that there is a safe and socially approved road to a kind of life they themselves have not had, but their children can. A. that deprive   B. that it deprives   C. that deprives   D. when it deprives27. We hadn't met for 20 years, but I recognized her_____ I saw her. A. the moment      B. for the moment    C. the moment when        D. at the moment when28. On hearing a great noise, Mike looked forward through the window _____ what happened outside the room. A. to seeing B. to see C. seeing D. to have seen29. You ______ be driven out of the school if you dare to cheat in the exam.   A. should B. would C. will D. shall30. Everyone hopes that we can do something to make things better, so we can't help ______ under the stress.   A. but working B. but to work C. work D. but work31. We all think that _____ no need to make laws to prevent the young from getting married during their college life.   A. it is B. there has C. it has D. there is32. Postage ______, the necklace will cost you at least 650 yuan.   A. including B. included C. include D. to be included33. With his eyes ______ on the family album, he thought of the fun he had when he lived with his parents.   A. fixing B. fixed C. to be fixed D. being fixed34. George applied for the position three times ______ he finally got it.   A. before B. until C. when D. after35. This robot is supposed to save a lot of labor, but it remains a problem if it ______.   A. is B. saves C. does D. has36. There were many more people who got injured in the big fire than _______.   A. was reported   B. it was reported   C. were reported   D. they were reported37. He doesn't know what to say, for it is the first time that he ______ with a girl.    A. went out B. goes out C. has gone out D. had gone out38. _______ which way to take, the little boy behaved like a real gentleman who comforted his sister from time to time.   A. Leaving to wonder B. Having left to wonder    C. Left wondering   D. Left to wonder39. During the tourist season, there are many people wandering in this city to see the old castles _____ in the sixteenth century.   A. to be built   B. being built C. having been built        D. built    40. When do you think ______ start the new attack?   A. they will B. will they C. they can   D. can they41. Some 25,000 people were reported ______ in the ever recorded worst earthquake in Iran, which occurred late this month.    A. were killed B. to be killed C. killing D. to have been killed42. _____ the teacher's suggestion, Tom finally found a way to settle the problem.   A. Following B. To follow C. Follow D. He followed43. ______ that no one was ever prepared for it.   A. So suddenly did the bad news come  B. So suddenly the bad news came   C. So did the bad news come suddenly    D. Did the bad news come so suddenly44. "______ the friendship between our two people last forever!", and with this sincere hope, the president concluded his speech.    A. Could B. May C. Would D. Must45. We need a more capable leader, ______ with strong will and as well as good humour.    A. who B. that C. one   D. which46. Many people attend various public lectures, chiefly ______ themselves familiar with the latest development of different fields.    A. getting B. to get C. to have got D. got47. It is no longer a problem _______ the poor children in this district can go to school.    A. that           B. whether        C. so            D. because48. Of all the applicants, ______ do you think is fit for the position?    A. who B. whoever C. whomever D. whichever49. Part of the work is to be finished today and ______ by this weekend.    A. another B. the others C. the rest D. the other50. Generally speaking, the hard one works, _______.    A. the better he gets result B. the better result he gets       C. he gets better result D. does he get better result51. With the worldwide oil crisis, the price of oil has been raised ______ 15%.    A. about B. with C. of D. by52. The lectures, ______ the current international issues, are well received.    A. are covered B. covered C. covering D. to cover53. Peter is very angry about ______ of the changed timetable.    A. not informing   B. not being informed       C. being not informed D. not to be informed54. It is ______ that terrorism is a great threat to world peace. A. widely accepted   B. widely accepting C. wide accepted     D. wide accepting55. The house built of stone lasts longer than ____ built of wood.   A. the one B. one C. that D. its56. E-mail as well as telephones ____ more and more popular in daily communication.   A. have become B. become C. are becoming D. is becoming57. This kind of cloth ____ well.   A. washes    B. wash    C. is washed     D. is washing58. What do you mean ____ saying that you've never heard of it before?    A. in        B. by       C. as         D. with59. He's an intelligent boy. He ____ made such a foolish mistake.   A. can't have    B. may not have   C. might not have   D. mustn't have60. Each of the engineers and professors is working hard at their posts, ____ to accomplish the goal as soon as possible.    A. wish       B. for wishing    C. wishing     D. to wish61. It is just as hard to persuade my wife not to dance ____ to keep me from the football field.   A. so it is B. as it is C. so is it D. as is it62. It was dark and cold. They had to find a house ____ and some wood ____.    A. to stay in…to make a fire with   B. to stay…to make a fire with    C. to stay in…to make a fire       D. to stay…to make a fire63   Some of the middle-aged people ____ to the meeting were famous professors.   A. were invited B. who invited    C. inviting     D. invited64   Most green vegetables, ____ for too long, will lose nutrition.   A. if to be cooked B. if cooked    C. if cooking  D. if being cooked65. ____ you dislike ancient buildings, Warrick Castle is worth a visit.     A. As          B. If          C. Even if        D. Now that66. ____ the expense, I ____ a round-the-world tour.    A. Were it not … would take B. If it were not… take   C. Weren't it for… will take      D. If it hadn't been for… would have taken67. ____ from the top of the mountain, the whole city looks beautiful.   A. Seen        B. Seeing       C. See        D. Looked68. ____ the essay a second time, the hidden meaning will become clearer to you.   A. While reading   B. After reading    C. Your having read D. When you read69. ____ impressed the visitors deeply was ____ the workers made with their hands.   A. What…that B. That…that C. What…what D. That…what70.The newspaper's owner and editor ___ away on holiday.     A. is B. are C. be D. have been71. Recent estimates show that ___ more than two million bird-watchers in the United States.   A. there are among  B. are there the   C. there are  D. among the    72. Ellis Haizlip began his stage career in Washington, D.C., ___ supervised the Howard University Players during their summer season.    A. he was      B. where he was C .which he      D. where he 73. Some people hold that the more conservative the world becomes, have old furniture, old houses and old paintings. A. the smarter is to B. the smarter it is to   C. is it the smarter so D. is one to the smarter74. She was just about to explain ___ she hadn't passed her maths test chiefly out of carelessness ___ her uncle came. A. her mother … when   B. to her mother why … that C. her mother that … when           D. to her mother that … when75. With the shining water before you and the wind ___ , trees behind you, you can not help ___.   A. blown … but feel relaxed B. blowing … feeling relaxed    C. blown … but feel relaxing D. blowing … but feel relaxing76. "Will you be able to finish the job this week?"    " ___ ." A. I can't say it     B. I don't know that    C. I'm not sure this             D. I don't expect so77. It's impossible for a child to do so much work within a short period of time, ________ ?     A. isn't it B. is it C. has it D. hasn't it78. _______ that Mr Thomson got such rare fishes ?   A. When and where was it   B. When and where it was    C. Was it when and where D. When and where were it 79. Only after a baby seal is pushed into the sea by its mother ___ to swim.   A. how will it learnB. it will learn how    C. will it learn how   D. and it will learn how80. Peter and Bob both did well, but Peter is ___ of the two.   A. more talented  B. the most talented      C. most talented    D. the more talented81. When the farmer came back from work, his pet dog jumped out        the door to welcome him. A. from B. from behind C. of D. of behind82. ___ he was ill, I was expected to take his place greatly surprised me for I didn't have much working experience.   A. If           B. That if          C. That           D. If that83. _____ scenery in national parks is usually attractive.   A. A B. An C. The D. One84. If you have a cold, stay at home so that you won't spread it to _____.   A. another B. the other C. others D. the others  85. Those _____ to go to the exhibition should inform the office.   A. not wanting B. who not want C. not wanted D. are not want 86. The children _____ and we will never neglected them.   A. brought up well   B. was brought up well    C. had been well brought up D. have been well brought up  87. The mountain village is my hometown. I spent   _____   merry night there when I was young.   A. a great many B. plenty of   C. many a         D. a great deal88. In all English towns there is a speed limit of 30 miles an hour, _____?   A. is there B. isn't there C. is it D. isn't it  89. Why are you always making the same mistake? Think of _____ I told you.   A. that B. when C. how D. what  90. Nothing is _____ time; yet nothing is less valued.   A. more precious than   B. less precious than    C. most precious    D. as precious as  91. Could _____ have been _____ who helped Sunny get her work done?   A. they … it B. they … them C. it … them D. it … they  92. I know a place _____ I can get a calculator on sale. I'll pick one up for you tomorrow.   A. where B. wherever C. how D. which  93. How teachers perform in their classes _____ a strong influence on the growth of the pupils.   A. has B. have C. having D. to have94. I found the cat _____ under the bed, who had caught a mouse.   A. hiding B. hidden C. to hide D. having hidden 95. ---- How did he get back last night?    ---- I think he _____ back on foot, as there were no buses or taxies then at all.   A. might have come B. needn't have come    C. must have come   D. should have come   96. The doctor would allow him to go home _____ he remained in bed.   A. as though   B. for fear that    C. on condition that   D. as far as    97. One of the most important social problems of today is _____ jobs to the unemployed.   A. what to be given   B. having given    C. how to give   D. to have given   98. The doctor said I was over-weight. If only I _____ less!   A. ate   B. have been eating C. have eaten   D. had eaten  99. It is said that he got laughed at for _____.   A. his dishonest B. been dishonest C. being dishonest D. to be dishonest 100. A baby animal knows animals of _____ own kind when it sees them, when it smells them and it hears them.   A. her B. one's C. its D. their101. After Christmas, _____ clothing on sale in that shop attracted quite a few housewives. A. a variety of B. a number of C. the number of D. the great deal of102. The mayor promised the city government _____ the building of the new roads with the taxes it collected. A. shall finance B. may support C. can help D. should provide103. Whoever does wrong to his country or to the people deserves _____. A. to punish B. to be punished C. to punishment D. of being punished104. Some children usually behave in their own way _____ they do not get along with their classmates and there are often disagreements between them. A. even though B. on condition that C. so that D. unless105. Secondary and higher education _____ available to all high school graduates in this country so far. A. have made B. were made themselves C. have been made D. were made it106. The mother believes that John's stupid, but it's different _____ of Mary; she's just lazy. A. in spite B. in the case C. in the course D. in case107. The image of a devoted and noble angel in white _____ heals the wounded and rescues the dying is making a comeback _____ the nation faces a crisis. A. that…because B. who…when C. which…that D. what…as108. About how many elements _____ make up most of the substances we meet in everyday life A. it is which B. what it is C. is it that D. it is that109. The government was believed to be considering _____ a law _____ it a crime to important kind of weapon. A. to pass …. to making B. to be passing …. to make C. passing … made D. passing …. making. 110. Dewitt Wallance founded the Reader's Digest as a pocket-sized, non-fiction magazine_____ to inform and entertain. A. was intended B. intending C. to intend D. intended111. _____ this instrument should have put its work permit number on the box. A. Who checked B. Whoever inspected C. No matter who examined D. Those who estimates112. I am sure I can help you find ____ bed for your new house, but now I'm heading for____ bed and ____ good sleep. A. a , a , the B. a , / , a C. the , a , a D. a , the , a113. Two of the notebooks ____ Tom had lost on the bus were returned to the main desk at his dormitory. A. what B. which C. who D. whose114. The drink taste a little ____ to me. A. strong B. strongly C. so strong D. too much strong115. My roommate lost a lot of weight ____ every day. A. to exercise B. with exercise C. for exercise D. by exercising116. I went to ____ to buy a ruler and a rubber. A. a stationer B. a stationer's C. the stationer D. stationer's117. They arrived there at last, ____. A. was tired and hungry B. being tired and hungry C. tired and hungry D. tiredly and hungrily118. - What was the party like? -Wonderful . It's years ____ I enjoyed myself so much. A. before B. after C. when D. since119. Time should be made a good use ____ our lessons well. A. of to learn B. of learning C. to learn D. to learning 120. You cannot be ____ careful when you drive a car. A. very B. so C. too D. enough 121. When he arrived, he found ____ the aged and the sick at home. A. nothing but B. none but C. none other than D. no other than 122. John seems a nice person. ____, I don't trust him. A. Even though B. Even so C. Therefore D. Though123. Excuse me. If your call's not too urgent, do you mind ____ mine first A. I make B. if I make C. me to make D. that I make124. We agreed to accept ____ they thought was the best tourist guide. A. whatever B. whomever C. whichever D. whoever125. ____ she realized it was too late to go home. A. No sooner it grew dark than B. Hardly did it grow dark that C. Scarcely had it grown dark than D. It was not until dark that126. They are going to have the serviceman ____ an electric fan in the office tomorrow. A. install B. to install C. to be installed D. installed127.There is an increase of 16% in the consumption of tobacco_____ the previous year. A. over B. than C. to D. then128.______ on time, I think, the medicine will work on him before long. A. Taken B. Being takenC. If taking D. Take129._____ you want me to fire you, I suggest you stop wearing sports clothes at office. A. As long as B. As far as C. Since D. Unless130.Nobody in the class except you and me _____ to the principal about the air quality problems. A. has complained B. have complained C. complain D. complaining131.Why can't you smoke ? At no time _______ in the meeting room. A. does smoking permit B. smoking be permitted C. is smoking permitted D. permits smoking132.The sale usually takes place outside the house, with the audience ___on benches, chairs or boxes. A. having seated B. seating C. having been seated D. seated133. These winners from that key school are wise and diligent, actually there are ______students in that school A. many such B. such many C. so many D. so much134.Jack got a good mark although he had done _____ the others. A. half as much as B. as much as half C. as half as D. as much half as135.In the USA, both the federal and state governments have laws _____ to guard consumers against deceptive advertisements A. to be designed B. designed C. to design D. designing136.It is _____honor for Mrs. Black to be invited to act as an hostess at the party. A. an B. a C./ D. the137.Don't forget the appointment with the principal at the registry office, _____you A. don't B. do C. will D. shall138.We have no interest in the actress's scandal (丑闻), _____has been the focus of the newspaper’s attention for months. A. which B. what C. who D. that139.Terry doesn't like the idea of his wife _____ in that affair. A. being involved B. involving C. involved D. to be involved 140._______ to be much chance of our catching him up in the near future. A. You don't seem B. There doesn't seem C. That doesn't seem D. It doesn't seeKEY 1-10 BBBDC BABAB 11-20 ACADD DACBD 21-30 CBCDC CABDD 31-40 DBBAC ACCDA 41-50 DAABC BAACB 51-60DCBAC DABAC 61-70 BADBC DADCA 71-80 CDBDB DAACD 81-90 BBCCA DCBDA 91-100DAABC CCDCC 101AABCC BBCDD 111BBBAD BCDAC 121BBBDDAAADA 131CDAAB ACAAB答案:1. B2. B success 名词,保留远动词含义"成功"是不可数名词;如用来代替具体的人(成功者)或具体的事(成功的事情(东西))是可数名词。故排除C,D;A中how是副词,如改成how great a success就是正确的。3. B 抽象名词不特指时,前不用冠词。4. D 如将A项中was, since改成is, since是正确的;即从句中谓语先发生。如用B项,是强调句,而强调句前后两个谓语动词在时间上必须一致(a);被强调部分能还回原句中(b),即因为句中was declared是过去时, B项中is改成was;因为句中was declared是非延续性动词,在years后加上ago将"一段" 时间变成"一点"就是正确的。C 项前后时间不一致。5. C whichever已失去疑问含义,等于 anything that,表示强调; 而 which topic中 which保留疑问含义,译成"哪一个题目",不符合句义。而A和D中缺少连词。6. B.含有否定意义的副词及介词短语放在句首时,句子中主语和谓语用部分倒装。7. A 题目中has made是谓语,communication between people far apart短语是宾语,convenient是宾语的补语,被前置。如用B项,it是形式宾语代替不定式或从句。8. B含宾语从句和定语从句的主从复合句,反意疑问句随主句变;但是在含有宾语从句的住句中主语是第一人称时反意疑问句随从句一致。9. A10. B 在让步,时间等状语从句中,如果主从句中主语一致,从句中谓语含 be动词,可以将从句中的主语和 be 省略,即在how 后加they(the works) are,再分别与选择项搭配后,就会发现正确答案是B。11. A considering "考虑到",而 considered "被认为",根据全句含义,句中主语they和considering是主动关系,因此选择项。 12. C 13. A 14. D   lack 作名词,后加of短语。如用A项,lacking是及物动词的动名词,后面不用介词of或作不及物动词,后面加介词in…。15. D put/ place/ lay emphasis on 是固定搭配,表示"强调,注重。"16. D the results of which 等于whose results,是非限制性定语从句。17. A 18. C 该题空格处缺少的是连词,且在从句中作主语,所以排除A,D; that在名词性从句中只起连接作用。19. B20. D on which to base his arguments in favor of the new theory = The professor will base his arguments in favor of the new theory on sufficient grounds.21. C   句中有连词that和谓语must be stimulated,缺少一个谓语动词,排除A,D,该句译成汉语是"有。。。的证据",而不是"它是。。。的证据"所以排除B.C22. B 23. C 24. D 25. C 26. C ABDD 31-40 DBBAC ACCDA 41-50 27. A   定冠词the加上表示时间的名词起连词作用,引导时间状语从句。如the night/ the minute/ the spring/ the year等。28. B look forward to doing sth. / sth. 表示"盼望做某事",而look forward to do sth.表示向前看目的(要做。。。)29. D shall用于第二,三人称表示说话人的心愿; will表示主语的心愿。30. D can't help but do…相当于 have to do….。31. D There is no need (for sb.) to do sth.是一个固定句型,相当于 It is unnecessary ( for sb.) to do …;或 sb. have no need to do sth..32. B postage included 等于including postage。33. B fix one's eyes on / upon 是固定短语,表示"注视"34. A 强调从句中谓语动词的动作发生的晚,表示"。。。。。。才。。。。。。"。35. C do(es) 是代动词,用来代替上文save a lot of labor。36. A 比较状语从句中省略与主句相同的成分,只保留比较对象。37. C38. C left wondering 中left的逻辑主语是the little boy,所以可转换成The little boy was left wondering…。39. D 非谓语动词的动作先于句中谓语动词的动作时, 用过去分词。40. A 41. D 当不定式所表示的动作先于谓语动词所表示的动作时,不定式用完成时,且kill与逻辑主语people之间是被动关系,故选D42. A Following做伴随状语,修饰 found。伴随状语只有两种形式,主动用 following 形式;被动用followed形式43. A 本句测试的是so---ad.---that…结果状语从句的倒装结构,即so – ad.提到主语之前,主句用部分倒状。44. B May用在第二,三人称的疑问式结构中表示"祝愿"。45. C one做 leader的同位语46. B47. A   句中it是形式主语,代替 that引导的主语从句。 48. A 49. C 在四个选项中只有the rest可以代替可数名词或不可数名词,其它三个只代替可数名词。上句work是不可数名词,所以答案是C.50. B 51. D   by加百分数或表示数量的名词,表示"相差的程度"。52. C  53. B54. A 副词wid
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