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【可编辑】南京市2018届高三9月学情调研考试英语(有答案).doc

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南京市2018届高三年级学情调研考试英语 2017.09本试卷分选择题和非选择题两部分。满分120分,考试用时120分钟。第一部分听力(共两节,满分20分)做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题纸上。第一节(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。1. What are the speakers mainly talking about?A. A friend.B.A program. C. The weather2. What time is it in New York?A. About 5 p.m.B. About 7 p.m. C. About 10 p.m.3. Why did the woman go to the city?A. To have a chat.B. To have dinner. C. To meet a friend4. How much will the woman pay if she buys two skirts?A. $38.B.$39. C. $405. Where will the woman get the ticket?A. On the Internet.B. In the museum. C. At the ticket office第二节(共15小题:每小题1分,满分15分)听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题, 每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。6. What is the lost handbag like?A. It has a small button. B. It is a leather bag. C. It is an empty bag.7. What does the man ask the woman to do?A. To call the police.B. To search everywhere. C. To leave her information.听第7段材料,回答第8至10题。8. What can we know about outdoor billboards?A. They can be traditional or digital.B. They are better than mobile advertising.C. They cost less than other types of advertising.9. Which of the following is mobile advertising?A. Ads on buses. B. Ads on buildings. C. Ads on billboards10. What is the man’s attitude towards the woman’s suggestion?A. Doubtful.B. Critical. C. Supportive.听第8段材料,回答第11至13题。11. What is the conversation about?A. Landing a better job B. Meeting a new manager.C. Getting the company out of trouble.12. Which of the following is true about the man?A. He will get a promotion. B. He will have to travel a lot.C. He will attend a language school.13. What is the possible relationship between the two speakers?A. Couple.B.Colleagues. C. Classmates.听第9段材料,回答第14至16题。14. Why does the man choose an evening course?A. He has to work during the day. B. He has signed up for a day course.C. He prefers to study in the 15. How long will the evening course last?A. 6 weeks.B.12 weeks.C. 21 weeks.16. What does the man want to know at the end of the conversation?A. Whether to use a check. B. How to get to Frost Hall.C. What to bring for registration.听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。17. Why is running becoming popular?A. Running is a sport easy to do.B. More people enter running races.C. Good running shoes are readily.18. How can running help?A. It relaxes people.B.It cures mental diseases. C. It guarantees weight-loss.19. Why did Jack run?A. To get away from disease. B. To help a liver foundation. C. To raise money for his father.20. What is doctor’s advice for race runners?A. To run without stopping in a race.B. To keep running as fast as possible.C. To make sure they're healthy enough.第二部分英语知识运用(共两节,满分35分)第一节 单项填空(共15小题:每小题1分,满分15分)请认真阅读下面各题,从題中所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该项涂黑。21. Many flowers and trees , our newly built school will look even more beautiful.A. to plantB. to be plantedC. plantingD. having planted22. When the boy read the difficult questions on the test paper, a worried look his face.A. crossedB. fledC. twistedD. entered23. His shoes and clothing were wet through and icy-cold. They couldn't imagine he had been on such a stormy night.A. what B.whyC. where D. when24. The film La La Land six of the top prizes at the 89th Academy Awards, with Emma Stone taking home a big win for Best Actress.A. carried throughB. carried onC.carried outD. carried off25. When defining wealth, people are , with some describing it as a specific dollar amount and others as a state of mind.A. stuckB. mixedC. lostD. split26. —Mike, have you got a pay rise?--Well, my boss didn’t , he just told me straight: If you want a better salary, go and work somewhere else!A. bum the bridg B. beat around the bushC. eat his wordsD. get out of hand27. President Xi Jinping welcomes online criticism from netizens, 'Whether or fierce’’, as long as it arises from goodwill.A. directB. mildC. sharpD. fair28. According to a research, if people have friends who often tend to be a(n) of stress, they report more illnesses.A. objectB. originC. sourceD. a sign29. No man knows what potential he has till he very hard to be good.A. triedB. will try C. is trying D. has tried30. —Jenny, could you please describe yourself?—Well, I am very transparent and people can easily what mood I’m in.A. pick outB. turn out C. come out D. make out31. We often come across some problems we can't handle in a usual way, in case we must think creatively to solve them.A. whichB. whoseC. thatD. what32. Imagination is more important than knowledge, for knowledge is limited, imagination is about all there ever will be to know and understand.A. orB. while C. thoughD. so33. He was face down on the sofa, his arms buried deep between the cushions, as if they the arms whole.A. swallowedB. would swallowC. had swallowedD. would have swallowed34. —Dad, look, I can ride the bike!-- ! I knew you'd get the hang of it eventually!A. There you goB. You are asking for itC. It’s up to youD. You name it35. The Chinese football fans don't know when, , their beloved national team will make it to the World Cup finals.A. if soB. if anyC. if everD. if not第二节完形填空(共20小题:每小题1分,满分20分)请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该项涂黑。Trevor knew flowers and chocolates wouldn't impress his mom. 36__________. the university senior woke up early on the day and hand-scrubbed (用手擦洗)a fountain in the wee hours of the morning. It wasn’t just 37 fountain that motivated the 22-year-old—it was one that had a special significance to his family.His grandmother was a(n) 38. learning disabilities specialist and instructor. After her death, her co-workers had a large, cement angel fountain set up in her 39. .40. Trevor’s mom, Sarene, cherished it, she lived six hours away and didn’t have the opportunity to visit. So when he decided what to get his mom for Mother’s Day, the fountain came to his mind. Sarene has a(n) 41. of homemade gifts. Her home is filled with hand-thrown pottery she made herself. Whatever Trevor was going to do for her, it would have to be 42. .When he arrived at the fountain, it was 43. with dirt and covered with leaves, in 44. shape than he expected. He started to scrub, motivated by memories of his late grandmother. He got the same feeling he imagined his mom gets at her pottery wheel-being in the moment doing an act of 45. for someone you love.There was one 46. : the fountain’s water was turned off. Without water, the chance of a shiny site was 47. ________, so Trevor purchased a bottle from a vending machine. “I was out there pouring water on a(n) 48. _________ fountain. People were looking at me all crazy,” Trevor 49. ______ the water bottle many times. It took him about two hours to 50. ________ the best he could, removing the first few layers of dust and being careful 51. ______the fragile pieces. He set up his camera, checked the lighting and took a before and after 52.___________ . He sent his mom two S3 emails, containing the before and after photo of the fountain respectively. When Sarene opened the photos, she burst into tears.54.________ was a key component of Trevor’s gift. Over the years he paid attention to his mom’s everyday mentions of the fountain. She said, ”He honored me, but he also honored my mom.” Mothers, like 55.______ supply our needs: to drink water, to try to connect us to previous generations.36. A. InsteadB. HoweverC. MoreoverD. Meanwhile37. A. someB. anotherC. anyD. every38. A. academicB. seniorC. qualifiedD. respected39. A. favorB. defenseC. presence[来源:学|科|网]D. honour40. A. SinceB. ThoughC. UnlessD. As41. A. distinctionB. appreciationC. imaginationD. invention42. A. uniqueB. specificC. simpleD. practical43. A. circledB. linedC. cakedD. dotted44. A. darkerB. worseC. betterD. brighter45. A. generosityB. sacrificeC. forgivenessD. service46. A. pressureB. possibilityC. problemD. puzzle47. A. fineB. slimC. equalD. pure48. A. polishedB. unfinishedC. decoratedD. abandoned49. A. refilledB. rearrangedC. recycledD. replaced50. A. make upB. clean upC. fix upD. pick up51. A. aroundB. inC. underD. above52. A. noteB. lookC. shotD. break53. A. urgentB. usualC. separateD. similar54. A. PioneeringB. RecallingC. TrustingD. Listening55. A. fountainsB. flowersC. sculptorsD. instructors第三部分阅读理解(共15小题:每小题2分,满分30分)请认真阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该项涂黑。NIGHT OWLS GET A BADRAP, so let’s get one thing out of the way: there is nothing wrong with staying up late as long as you’re getting a good amount of sleep every night. Similarly, early risers have no special biological advantage: recent research has upset the long-held belief that morning people are healthier than late risers. What research has not disproved, however, is that morning people tend to get more done.[来源:学科网]The productivity expert Laura Vanderkam argues that people should consider switching their schedule not because it’s necessarily better but because it’s practical.“People find morning hours useful because it’s time you have to yourself before everybody else wants a piece of you,”Vanderkam says. Waking up earlier to work out, make headway on a creative project or enjoy a stress-free cup of coffee (without a smartphone in your hand) can help make it easier to accomplish more without sacrificing time for yourself.Here, some advice from the expert on how to pull it off.AMIND YOUR EXPOSUREMorning light exposure can help adjust your internal clock and regulate your levels of the sleep hormone melatonin (褪黑激素),making you less out of it when you rise. “Getting morning light immediately sends your body a wake-up signal,” says Vanderkam.REWARD YOURSELFHumans do not naturally avoid punishment, so if your morning routine feels like one, it’s time to change how you start your day. Instead of warring with the snooze button, motivate yourself with a reward. Vanderkam suggests you treat yourself to something--a fried egg, a fancy coffee--that will get you moving.FIGHT SLEEP INERTIA (惯性)When you wake up in the middle of the night, a physiological state called sleep inertia helps you fall back asleep. But that same state is responsible for your morning sleepiness. To get your body going, Vanderkam recommends doing some stretches, drinking some water or taking a shower right after your alarm goes off.56. According to Laura Vanderkam, morning people____________.A. are healthier than late risers B. are more efficient than late risersC. have to share others1 responsibilitiesD. complete creative tasks on the smartphone57. Vanderkam advises early risers to____________in the morning.A. draw the curtain asideB. turn to the tablet for newsC. cook breakfast on their ownD. fall back asleep in minutesBThe rate of deaths related to Alzheimer’s (阿尔茨海默)disease jumped by 54.5 percent over 15 years, according to a new report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).The disease currently affects an estimated 5.5 million people in the U.S. but that number is expected to rise dramatically in people over the age of 65 to 13.8 million in 2050. The researchers examined death certificate data from the National Vital Statistics System to reach their findings.Keith Fargo, director of the scientific program at the Alzheimer's Association, said that the study highlights the need for support and research into treatment of Alzheimer's disease.“It’s the only cause of death in the top 10 that does not have a way to prevent it or stop it” Fargo told ABC News.CDC researchers did not study why there was an increase but reported the result of the phenomenon may be that more people were surviving to old age. They found from 1999 to 2005 the greatest increase in death rate related to Alzheimer's disease was in people over the age of 85.Fargo said he was discouraged to see in the report that 24.9 percent of people with Alzheimer's disease were dying at home rather than in a medical facility.“Before you die people become completely bed bound,” said Fargo. “It requires an intense level of caregiving to the end.”Fargo said the fact that more people were dying at home indicated that people did not have the resources to get appropriate help at long-term care facilities like nursing homes. Fargo said providing that level of care can burden the caregivers both emotionally and physically. The CDC estimates caregivers provided 18.2 billion hours of unpaid care to dementia (痴呆)patients in 2015.“The caregivers for Alzheimer’s disease have $9 billion more in Medicare claims of their own,” in addition to the claims of their loved ones Fargo said. Caregiving is “so stressful it causes a lot of physical suffering.”The CDC researchers point out that increasing rates of Alzheimer's disease will mean more people need support to care and treat these patients.“Until Alzheimer's can be prevented, slowed, or stopped, caregiving for persons with advanced Alzheimer's will remain a demanding task,” the authors wrote. “An increasing number of Alzheimer’s deaths coupled with an increasing number of patients dying at home suggests that there is an increasing number of caregivers of persons with Alzheimer's. It is likely that these caregivers might benefit from interventions such as education, and case management that can reduce the potential burden of caregiving.’’58. Which statement is TRUE according to the passage?A. There exist ways to prevent or stop Alzheimer’s disease.B. Alzheimer's disease affects a total of 13.8 million Americans.C. Not all Alzheimer's patients can afford to live in care facilities.D. People under the age of 65 will not develop Alzheimer's disease.59. What might have caused the increase in the number of Alzheimer’s patients?A. The ineffective treatment.B. The limited medical facilities.C. The growing aging population.D. The lack of health care-60. Which of the following can best describe the job of the caregivers for Alzheimer’s disease?A. Unskilled but worthwhile.B. Tough and competitive.C. Painstaking but well-paid.D. Stressful and time-consuming.CCharles Dickens’ A Christmas Carol is an absolute classic. And even if you don’t want to write exactly like Dickens, there's something—a technique, an idea, a theme, etc.—that every writer can pull from Dickens’ writing.“Make them laugh, make them cry, make them wait,” was Dickens’s motto and his method. Unfortunately, the use of humor escapes many writers today, especially those who seek to write serious fiction. Dickens was a master of high humor-satire, puns, wordplay, and a curious method of characterizing that made fun of his own creations even as he fleshed them out with life.You can use the same techniques employed to such good effect by Dickens to add humor to your work. Try to exaggerate your characters a bit. Underline passages that strike you as particularly, funny. Then use a similar tone or approach when describing one of your own characters, especially people you wish to make fun of. This type of humor will not, it is important to stress, detract from the high tone or seriousness of your subject. Instead, it will add a much appreciated human element to otherwise serious writing.The second element of Dickens' famous motto focuses on his use of strong emotion. As Aristotle pointed out in his Poetics, emotional appeals are one of the chief devices of the lecturer and, by extension, of the novelist. Novels weren't invented back in Aristotle's time, but drama was, and he pointed to examples from the ancient Greek dramatists where arousing the audience's pity and fear was planned in advance by the dramatist. In a similar way, a novelist can learn from Dickens how to make readers feel strong emotions.We may find it harder to cry, but Dickens was a master of situations that bring on the sympathy needed to cause reader emotion. The very memorable death of Nell in The Old Curiosity Shop (1841) had greatly moved American readers. In composing that scene, he went back in his mind to the great pain he had suffered when he watched helplessly as seventeen-year-old Mary Hogarth, his sister-in-law, died in his arms some years earlier. The message is clear: to create emotion you must feel emotion.In a wonderful little book, Charles Dickens as Serial Novelist (1967), Archibald C. Coolidge Jr. says the serial(连载小说)form of publication put certain pressures on Dickens that forced him to solve a typical novelists problems (such as how to maintain readers' interest) in strikingly bold ways. One of his most important techniques and one which is often overlooked by writers who prefer literary fiction is the use of an element of mystery and suspense. Dickens called it his mystery story technique. An example of the mystery that runs through Bleak House (1853) is the identity of Esther's mother. By the time the truth is revealed, the reader is worked up to great interest.To provide a mystery in your mainstream novel, you might choose some aspect of the story that can be concealed from the reader. Then do not reveal too much ... only tell as much as is needed. You can use the same Dickensian mystery story technique in your own work. You can even lead readers in the wrong direction, provided one of the characters reasonably believes the wrong thing, as Pip does when he suspects that his benefactor (捐助者)is Miss Havisham. Sometimes, the less you tell, the more readers love it. So, by all means, make them wait.61. The underlined phrase “detract from” in Paragraph 3 means “________”.A. make fun ofB. lay emphasis onC. reduce the level ofD. adopt the technique of62. Aristotle's idea is mentioned in Paragraph 4 to.A. explain the similarities between novels and dramasB. show ancient Greek dramatists’ ability to use strong emotionC. display Charles Dickens' talent to use strong emotion in his worksD. emphasize the necessity of using strong emotion in writing novels63. What is the purpose of using Dickensian mystery story technique?A. To mislead the target readers. B. To portray the main characters.C. To maintain readers’ interest. D. To reveal important information.64. What is the best title of the passage?A. Write Just Like Charles DickensB. Analyze Charles Dickens’ PersonalitiesC. Highlights of Charles Dickens’ WorksD. Introduction to Charles Dickens’ Writing TechniquesDKathie, I remember the first day that 1 met you. I remember the look on your face as you rushed out from your dorm and slammed directly into me. You knocked me over, both metaphorically (比喻地) and physically. You were dressed in a sports bra and tight little shorts and I was suddenly feeling a little bitter that I was picking your roommate up for dinner and not you.No, it can’t start that way.Who starts a speech with a memory about what bra someone was wearing? How about this?I remember staring at the projector image of stars in Astronomy and thinking only of your eyes. I only signed up for Astronomy because you said were taking it. You hadn't said it to me, of course, but to one of your girlfriends. I was behind you in the sandwich line at the student center and l heard you ask that redhead girl—Jessica Randolph, I think her name was. Well, it’s Johnson, now; she’s married with a baby on the way. I heard you ask Jessica if she thought the professor would talk about the possibility of aliens. That was all it took. I signed up for Astronomy almost immediately.That sounds like I’m a huge stalker (跟踪狂).I won’t share that story. No one wants to hear about aliens and about the stars in your eyes. No one wants to hear about Jessica Johnson. Jessica and her husband will be there today. She'll cry. I’m certain that she’ll cry. A lot of people will, I’d assume.Will I?I can't think about that. I don't want to mess things up in front of everyone. All of our family and friends will be there, watching, and I’ve never been good at public speaking.I remember sitting next to you on the couch while I waited for your roommate to get ready for dinner. She took so long to do her hair and makeup. It was intentional, I think. She thought it was classy to make me wait. You never did.Anyway, I was waiting for your roommate to be ready for our date. All I wanted to do was put my hand over yours as you changed the channels. Something funny would happen on the television and you'd laugh so hard you'd snort. I loved you even then, I think.I can't talk about that. People will think Tm a cheater. I never cheated. I was set up with your roommate on a blind date. It was you, you, always you from the moment I saw you until today. I broke up with her that night, I remember. We never even made it out of the parking lot. I don't know what made me do it, I just knew that whenever I closed my eyes I couldn’t picture anything but your face.Today is so important, so critical. I can't mess up. Not when you’ll be there, so peaceful and lovely.Another, then.What about the day I proposed? I had planned it out so carefully and nothing went right. The flower order was wrong. I burned my new shirt with the iron. The sweater I had ordered for your stupid dog--the one that read, “will you marry my daddy?”—arrived in the mail just that morning and was two sizes too small. I squeezed him into it anyway, and it somehow made his already giant head look even bigger. Maybe that’s why you couldn't stop laughing when you saw him. You were laughing—loudly--vour dress half on and your nails half painted. I had come to get you for our date too early. I couldn't help it. I was sweating through my burnt shirt and holding wilted flowers, kneeling like a fool. You didn’t say yes or no, but the stars in your eyes were confirmation enough.I can share that. I’ve shared it a hundred times before. Everyone wanted to know the engagement story, which led us to the altar (圣坛).The altar.I stood up there and stammered (口吃)through the speech I had prepared for you—through the promise I had written for you. It was nowhere near as hard as this. My vows (誓言),then, included that eternal drivel, for better or for worse. Till death do us part.How was I to know?How was I to know there was another speech to write, another vow to make?What story do I share, standing before our friends and family—before you? What goodbye can I give that honors your memory? I am selfish with my memories of you. I don’t want to share them.You are among the stars, now—scattered among the universe that first led me to you. The universe called you home too soon, and I will let the universe praise you highly.[来源:Z,xx,k.Com]I don’t need a memory to say goodbye. I only need to remember the vow I made then, and the vow I’ll make now.I’ll see you again.65. What can be inferred about Jessica Johnson?A. She was the author’s ex-girlfriend. B. She is becoming a mother very soon.C. She was unpopular with people at college.D. She is attending Kathie’s wedding ceremony.66. Why does the author say that people will think of him as a cheater?A. Because he shifted his love to another woman.B. Because he fell in love with Kathie at first sight.C. Because he got to know his ex-girlfriend through a blind-date.D. Because he put his hand over Kathie’s when waiting for her roommate.67. What can be inferred from the underlined sentence “your dress half on and your nails half painted”?A. Kathie cared little about her appearance.B. The author arrived early to please Kathie.C. Kathie was too busy with the dog to make up.D. The author couldn’t wait to propose to Kathie.68. How does the author develop the passage?A. By telling stories.B. By drawing inferences.C. By listing examples.D. By making comparisons.69. The tone of the author can be described as__________.A. regretfulB. affectionateC. objectiveD. optimistic70. The author writes this passage to_________.A. win back his wife’s loveB. change readers’ attitude to lifeC. teach readers to accept misfortuneD. express his deep love for his wife第四部分任务型阅读(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入了个最恰当的单词。 注意:请将答案写在答题纸上相应题号
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