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【可编辑】南京师大附中2018届高三年级模拟考试 英语.doc

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可编辑 【可编辑】南京师大附中2018届高三年级模拟考试 英语 编辑 南京 师大附中 2018 三年级 模拟考试
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南京师大附中2018届高三年级模拟考试英  语2018.5本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。满分120分,考试时间120分钟。第Ⅰ卷(选择题 共85分)第一部分:听力(共两节,满分20分)第一节(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。例:How much is the shirt?A. £19.15.       B. £9.18.       C. £9.15.答案是C。(  )1. How much does one ticket cost?                          A. $0.70.   B. $4.30.   C. $5.00.(  )2. What is the man going to do?A. Attend a lecture.   B. Visit Mr Brown.   C. Leave his school.(  )3. What is the woman probably doing?A. Listening to loud music.  B. Talking loudly on the phone.  C. Preparing for a speech contest.(  )4. Where does the man probably work?A. At a bank.   B. At a hospital.   C. At a school.(  )5. What did the woman think of the plot of the film?A. Excellent.   B. Impressive.   C. Unsatisfactory.第二节(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、 C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。(  )6. How is the weather now?A. Cloudy.   B. Windy.   C. Sunny.(  )7. What will the woman do?A. Dig the hole.   B. Water the new flowers.   C. Take a break.听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。(  )8. What does the woman first suggest doing?A. Going cycling.   B. Playing volleyball.   C. Flying a kite.(  )9. Why does the man want to return home by 5 p.m.?A. To play basketball.   B. To cook potatoes.   C. To watch a game.听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。(  )10. How many people will the company hire this time?A. Two.   B. Three.   C. Five.(  )11. In which year would an employee's salary be about $13,500?A. The first year.   B. The second year.   C. The third year.(  )12. Why does the man love the job?A. He can learn Chinese.  B. The pay is really high.  C. It involves going around the city.听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。(  )13. From whom did the man get the ring?A. The housekeeper.   B. His grandpa.   C. His sister.(  )14. Who is the man?A. The woman's grandpa.  B. The woman's husband.  C. The woman's brother.(  )15. Why does the man apologize to the woman?A. He was mean to her.  B. He didn't believe her.  C. He lost her sunglasses.(  )16. Where does the man find the ring?A. On his little finger.   B. On his middle finger.  C. On his ring finger.听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。(  )17. How long is the center open on weekends?A. For ten hours.   B. For nine hours.  C. For eight hours.(  )18. Which course was popular last year?A. Basketball.   B. Tennis.   C. Football.(  )19. What is offered as a free gift to someone who buys a six­month membership?A. Equipment.   B. Drinks.   C. A T­shirt.(  )20. How can payment be made?A. In cash.   B. By check.   C. By credit card.第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分35分) 第一节:单项填空(共15小题:每小题1分,满分15分)请认真阅读下面各题,从题中所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。(  )21. Even though the way Lin Daiyu expresses her feelings may be ________ to a modern audience, it is rooted in her character and makes who she is.                              A. allergic   B. foreign   C. sensitive   D. fundamental(  )22. Trump said he believes North Korea will ________ its promise to suspend missile tests while he prepares for a summit with Kim Jong Un.A. take to   B. make up   C. stand by   D. hold out(  )23. You are subject to punishment if you fail to ________ to the customs when carrying the prohibited articles listed above.A. state   B. declare   C. announce   D. communicate(  )24. A good government is not to pick technologies, but to establish conditions ________ innovation is supported and encouraged into the marketplace.A. when   B. that   C. as   D. where(  )25. If you see things in a negative light, you will find faults everywhere and problems where there are really ________.A. none   B. some   C. many   D. nothing(  )26. —Have you heard of yesterday's gas explosion?—Yes. Only two of the 35 miners at the scene ________ to have made it out safely.A. have thought   B. are thought   C. had thought   D. were thought(  )27. As often happens after long sleeplessness, he was ________ by an unreasoning panic.A. seized   B. fascinated   C. impressed   D. embarrassed(  )28. If you want to improve your figure and health, the most effective thing to do is to show up at the gym every time you ________ be there.A. can   B. will   C. may   D. shall(  )29. Dave was a ________. Because of his misconduct in class, the whole class had to stay after school.A. wet blanket   B. leading light   C. black sheep   D. dark horse(  )30. Thanks to the “sugar tax”, food factories have reduced sugar in their products, ________ about 45 million kilograms of sugar.A. to save   B. saved   C. saving   D. having saved(  )31. The real winners in sport are those who know how to persevere and to behave with ________—whether they win or lose a game.A. certainty   B. caution   C. dignity   D. independence(  )32. In the forest, sound is the best means of communication over distance ________ in comparison with light, it won't be blocked by trees when travelling.A. while   B. because   C. when   D. though(  )33. Wolf Warrior 2, which ________ the “Award for Best Visual Effects” at the Beijing Film Festival, indicates China's film industry has come of age.A. wins   B. won   C. has won   D. had won(  )34. According to The Sun, British scientists have solved the ancient riddle of ________ came first—chicken or egg?A. who   B. what   C. which   D. that(  )35. —Mr Johnson, I have something I would like to trouble you with.—________. Just tell me what I can do.A. You have my word   B. Don't give me thatC. You can say that again   D. Don't stand on ceremony第二节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。I am a worrier. I worry from the moment I wake to the moment I sleep.Around a year ago, I found my worries __36__ me down and down. I needed a way to reduce my __37__ and make them disappear. Then a brilliant idea occurred to me. Instead of worrying about whatever __38__ itself to my consciousness at any given moment, and unless I had a __39__ and urgent worry to deal with, I'd __40__ myself to worrying about imaginary gluons.This new system __41__ me quite well for a while __42__ the day last month when the captain of the plane I was travelling on failed in his landing __43__ at Shannon Airport, because there was “a problem” with the landing gear(起落架).We __44__ for a while. Then the captain announced the issue still couldn't be solved and that the crew would take us through the __45__ for an emergency landing.Suddenly my mother's voice was in my head: “In the __46__ of an emergency, put your head between your legs and kiss your arse goodbye.” I laughed inwardly at my mother's joke, and I wondered why I wasn't __47__. I suddenly realized I was experiencing a complete and total absence of worry, as there was absolutely nothing I could do to __48__ the problem with the plane.As the runway rose to meet our plane's __49__ underbelly and the firefighters __50__ to meet us, I felt a strange and beautiful __51__. And as the plane landed perfectly—because, as it __52__, the problem was with a sensor and not with the landing gear—and people __53__ and hugged one another, I realized I wasn't a __54__ at all. The absence of worry I had just experienced was __55__ an absence of any possibility of control. So I'm a control freak, wanting to control everything.And now I'm terribly worried about that.(  )36. A. let   B. dragged   C. put   D. calmed(  )37. A. joys   B. hopes   C. sorrows   D. fears(  )38. A. presented   B. recommended   C. contributed   D. committed(  )39. A. secret   B. constant   C. abstract   D. specific(  )40. A. expose   B. reduce   C. restrict   D. attach(  )41. A. served   B. treated   C. inspired   D. instructed(  )42. A. since   B. after   C. until   D. before(  )43. A. test   B. attempt   C. rescue   D. adventure(  )44. A. taxied   B. dived   C. swung   D. circled(  )45. A. requirement   B. procedure   C. preparation   D. arrangement(  )46. A. wake   B. event   C. course   D. light(  )47. A. thrilled   B. amazed   C. terrified   D. discouraged(  )48. A. identify   B. change   C. accept   D. explore(  )49. A. sick   B. weird   C. soft   D. flat(  )50. A. fled   B. marched   C. raced   D. approached(  )51. A. excitement   B. nervousness   C. calmness   D. astonishment(  )52. A. ruled out   B. brought out   C. made out   D. turned out(  )53. A. cheered   B. responded   C. wept   D. complained(  )54. A. fighter   B. worrier   C. loser   D. commander(  )55. A. naturally   B. strangely   C. relatively   D. actually第三部分:阅读理解(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)请认真阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。ADental Insurance QuotesYou can buy your own dental insurance whenever you want to. Everything you need to get started is to get a dental insurance quote.This site lets you search for plans that are available where you live. Then, you can compare the plans to find the right one for you. You can even apply for and purchase your new dental insurance here.Compare Dental Insurance and Discount Plans OnlineEnter your Zip Code to compare free rate quotes for the best dental insurance and dental discount plans and apply online today.Descriptions of Dental Plan Types● DHMO Dental Plans:A DHMO is a type of “managed care”. In this plan, a network of highly qualified dentists provides affordable care for individuals. Consumers choose a dentist from the network, and they pay a low monthly premium to receive services at no cost or a reduced price. The participating dentists receive fixed monthly fees.● PPO Dental Insurance Plans: Another type of managed care plan is called a preferred provider organization (PPO). Consumers with PPOs select a dentist from a network of preferred dental providers who provide dental care to members at reduced rates.● Indemnity Dental Insurance Plans: A dental indemnity plan, also known as “traditional” insurance, allows consumers to choose from the largest pool of dentists. Individuals are free to visit any dentist, unlike those with managed care plans. Subscribers pay their dentist's bill in full and then submit a claim for payment.● Discount Dental Plans: Discount dental plans (DDPs) are not insurance. However, they help consumers save on dental care costs. Members make monthly or annual payments and may receive unlimited dental care services at discount prices based on a fee schedule. Services are provided by dentists who participate in the plan's dental network.(  )56. What can you do on this website?A. Find information on oral treatment.  B. Get the Zip Code of where you live.C. Make an appointment with a dentist.  D. Choose a proper dental insurance plan.(  )57. If you value the freedom to choose doctors most, which plan is your best choice?A. DHMO Dental Plans.   B. PPO Dental Insurance Plans.C. Indemnity Dental Insurance Plans.   D. Discount Dental Plans.BThousands of free, popular children's apps available on the Google Play Store could be violating the Children's Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA), according to a new, large­scale study, highlighting growing criticism of Silicon Valley's data­collection efforts. “This is a market failure,” said Serge Egelman, a co­author of the study. “What we have uncovered points out basic enforcement(执行) work that needs to be done.”The potential violations were abundant and came in several forms, according to the study. More than 1,000 children's apps collected identifying information from kids using tracking software whose terms explicitly forbid their use for children's apps. The researchers also said nearly half the apps fail to always use standard security measures to transmit sensitive data over the Web, suggesting a violation of reasonable data­security measures laid out by COPPA. Some of the apps in question included Disney's “Where's My Water?”, Gameloft's “Minion Rush” and Duolingo, a language learning app. The findings also suggested that app creators that had been officially recognized as COPPA­compliant(遵守) were no better than any of the other app developers at protecting children's privacy.Disney argued that the study doesn't claim to identify any actual violations. “Protecting children's online privacy is very important to us and we are confident that our practices comply with the law,” the company said. “We have a sound COPPA compliance program, and we maintain strict data collection and use policies for Disney apps created for children and families.”Gameloft announced that children's privacy is of “utmost importance” and is investigating the issue. “We have a very strict data­collection policy at Gameloft and always make sure that we are compliant with protection laws,” the company said. Duolingo did not respond to requests for comment.Although Google stated that “We are taking the researcher's report very seriously and looking into their findings”, critics of Google's app platform say the company has profited greatly from advances in data­tracking technology. “Google has basically looked the other way while it was able to generate revenues off of children's apps,” said Jeffrey Chester, the executive director of the Center for Digital Democracy. “The new, alarming report is further evidence that Google is thumbing_its_nose_at the only federal online privacy law that we have.”(  )58. How did companies respond to the accusation of violating COPPA?A. Disney claimed to strictly obey privacy laws.B. Gameloft questioned the validity of the study.C. Duolingo planned to adopt strict data­collection policies.D. Google admitted to the charge and promised to do more.(  )59. What does the underlined phrase “thumbing its nose at” probably mean?A. Observing.   B. Disrespecting.   C. Prohibiting.   D. Introducing.(  )60. The purpose of the passage is to ________.A. charge app companies with the violation of COPPAB. inform readers of different ways to violate child privacy lawsC. illustrate the growing criticism of app's data­collection functionD. highlight the urgency of strengthening enforcement of COPPACTo err is human. Society is suffering from an inability to acknowledge as much.For individuals, errors are painful. The trick, then, is to err well: to recognize mistakes and learn from them. Worryingly, humanity may be getting worse at admitting its mistakes.Few enjoy the feeling of being caught out in an error. But real trouble starts when the desire to avoid a punishment leads to a refusal to deal with contrary evidence. Economists often assume that people are sensible. When faced with a new fact, these people should update their view of the world to take better decisions in future. Yet years of economic research confirms that people frequently disregard information that conflicts with their view of the world.Why should that be? Last year Roland Benabou, of Princeton, presented a framework for thinking about the problem. In many ways, beliefs are like other economic goods. People spend time and resources building them, and get value from them: some beliefs make owners feel good and show their public identity; other beliefs provide value by shaping behavior—for example, religious asceticism(禁欲主义) can help one avoid unhealthy habits.Because beliefs, however, are not simply tools for making good decisions, but are treasured in their own right, new information that challenges them is unwelcome. People often engage in “motivated reasoning” to manage such challenges. Mr Benabou classifies this into three categories. “Strategic ignorance” is when a believer avoids information offering conflicting evidence. In “reality denial”, troubling evidence is rationalized(合理化):real estate investors might make up fanciful theories for why prices should behave unusually, and supporters of a disgraced politician might claim the negative news to be fake. And lastly, in “self­signalling”, the believer creates his own tools to interpret the facts in the way he wants: an unhealthy person, for example, might decide that going for a daily run proves he is well.“Motivated reasoning” is a cognitive bias(偏见). Not all the errors it leads to are costly: praising the performance of one's supported football team despite contradictory evidence does little harm. But when biases are broadly shared—within financial world or political parties—danger arises. Motivated reasoning helps explain why viewpoints polarize (两极分化) even as information is more easily available than ever before.Work by Mr Benabou suggests that groupthink is highest when people within groups face a shared fate: when choosing to break from a group is unlikely to spare an individual the costs of the group's errors or bring much individual benefit. The incentive(动力) to engage in motivated reasoning is high as a result. Even as the fact on a particular issue is obvious, parties can still become increasingly polarized. That, in turn, can make it harder still for a member of one party to get any benefit from breaking from a group. Indeed, the group has an incentive to silence independent voices.Public statements of regret are risky in a rigidly polarized world. Admissions of error can not only annoy partners but also provide opportunities for opponents. But it is rarely in the interest of those in the right to pretend that they are never wrong.(  )61. According to the passage, beliefs are similar to economic goods in that ________.A. both are entertaining and valuable  B. both can be shaped by religious faithC. both can reflect who the owners are  D. both promote religious development(  )62. Which of the following is an example of “self­signalling”?A. A fan speaks highly of his team although it has just lost the game.B. A man covers his ears when stealing a bell, believing the bell won't ring.C. Supporters of Trump believe the news about his affairs with a lady is fake.D. Suspected AIDS carriers refuse to be tested though it can be done for free.(  )63. What can be inferred from Paragraphs 6 and 7?A. Polarization causes individuals to break from the group.B. Richer sources of information decrease motivated reasoning.C. Individuals with independent voices are dismissed from the group.D. Individuals in a group engage in motivated reasoning for their own interests.(  )64. Which of the following opinions might the author agree with?A. Denying errors is unavoidable.B. Failure to admit errors is harmful.C. Humans are getting better at erring well.D. Wise people ignore contrary worldviews.DNo one has a temper naturally so good, that it does not need attention and cultivation, and no one has a temper so bad, but that, by proper culture, it may become pleasant. One of the best disciplined tempers ever seen, was that of a gentleman who was naturally quick, irritable, rash, and violent; but, by taking care of the sick, and especially of mentally deranged(疯狂的) people, he so completely mastered himself that he was never known to be thrown off his guard.There is no misery so constant, so upsetting, and so intolerable to others, as that of having a character which is your master. There are corners at every turn in life, against which we may run, and at which we may break out in impatience, if we choose.Look at Roger Sherman, who rose from a humble occupation to a seat in the first Congress of the United States, and whose judgment was received with great respect by that body of distinguished men. He made himself master of his temper and cultivated it as a great business in life. There are one or two instances which show this part of his character in a light that is beautiful.One day, after having received his highest honors, he was sitting and reading in his sitting room. A student, in a room close by, held a looking­glass in such a position as to pour the reflected rays of the sun directly in Mr Sherman's face. He moved his chair, and the thing was repeated. A third time the chair was moved, but the looking­glass still reflected the sun in his eyes. He laid aside his book, went to the window, and many witnesses of the rude behavior expected to see the ungentlemanly student severely punished. He raised the window gently, and then—shut the window blind!I can not help providing another instance of the power he had acquired over himself. He was naturally possessed of strong passions, but over these he at length obtained an extraordinary control. He became habitually calm and self­possessed. Mr Sherman was one of those men who are not ashamed to maintain the forms of religion in their families. One morning he called them all together as usual to lead them in prayer to God. The “old family Bible” was brought out and laid on the table.Mr Sherman took his seat and placed beside him one of his children, a child of his old age. The rest of the family were seated around the room, several of whom were now grown­ups. Besides these, some of the tutors of the college were boarders in the family and were present at the time. His aged mother occupied a corner of the room, opposite the place where the distinguished Judge sat.At length, he opened the Bible and began to read. The child who was seated beside him made some little disturbance, upon which Mr Sherman paused and told it to be still. Again he continued but again he had to pause to scold the little offender, whose playful character would scarcely permit it to be still. At this time he gently tapped its ear. The blow, if blow it might be called, caught the attention of his aged mother, who now with some effort rose from the seat and tottered across the room. At length, she reached the chair of Mr Sherman, and in a moment, most unexpectedly to him, she gave him a blow on the ear with all the force she could gather. “There,” said she, “you strike your child, and I will strike mine.”For_a_moment,_the_blood_was_seen_mounting_to_the_face_of_Mr_Sherman. But it was only for a moment and all was calm and mild as usual. He paused; he raised his glasses; he cast his eye upon his mother; again it fell upon the book from which he had been reading. Not a word escaped him; but again he calmly pursued the service, and soon sought in prayer an ability to set an example before his household which should be worthy of their imitation. Such a victory was worth more than the proudest one ever achieved on the field of battle.(  )65. The following sentence should be put at the beginning of Paragraph ________.The difference in the happiness which is received by the man who governs his temper and that by the man who does not is dramatic.A. Two   B. Three   C. Four   D. Five(  )66. How is the passage mainly developed?A. By analyzing reasons.   B. By giving examples.C. By listing arguments.   D. By comparing facts.(  )67. What was Roger Sherman's attitude towards his aged mother?A. Grateful.   B. Skeptical.   C. Tolerant.   D. Sympathetic.(  )68. What can we learn about Roger Sherman?A. He came from a distinguished family background.B. He was not good at displaying his true inner feelings.C. He severely punished a student who didn't behave himself.D. He was a man conscious of the consequences of his behavior.(  )69. What does the underlined sentence in the last paragraph mean?A. Mr Sherman's face was covered with blood.B. Mr Sherman was seeking strength in prayer.C. Mr Sherman was then on the point of exploding.D. Mr Sherman was ashamed of his mother's rude behavior.(  )70. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?A. Control your temper  B. Save your self­esteemC. Mind your manners  D. Treasure your Bible第Ⅱ卷(非选择题 共35分)第四部分:任务型阅读(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)请认真阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。注意:每个空格只填一个单词。You can relax if remembering everything is not your strong suit. Recent research makes the case that being forgetful can be a strength—in fact, selective memory can even be a sign of stronger intelligence.Traditional research on memory has focused on the advantages of remembering everything. But looking through years of recent memory data, researchers Paul Frankland and Blake Richards of the University of Toronto found that the neurobiology of forgetting can be just as important to our decision­making as what our minds choose to remember.“The goal of memory is not the transmission of information through time. Rather, the goal of memory is to help improve decision­making. As such, transience(转瞬即逝) is as important as persistence in memory systems,” their study in Neuron states.Making i
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