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【可编辑】南京市2016年中考英语试题(含答案).doc

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南京市2016年初中毕业生学业考试英语注意事项:1. 本试卷共8页。全卷满分90分。考试时间为90分钟。试题包含选择题和非选择题。考生答题全部答在答题卡上,答在本试卷上无效。2. 请认真核对监考教师在答题卡上所粘贴条形码的姓名、考试证号是否与本人相符合,再将自己的姓名、考试证号用0.5毫米黑色墨水签字笔填写在答题卡及本试卷上。3. 答选择题必须用2B铅笔将答题卡上对应的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,请用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案。答非选择题必须用0.5毫米黑色墨水签字笔写在答题卡的指定位置,在其他位置答题一律无效。选择题(共40分)一、单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。1. Look at the picture. Diana is .A. the tallestB. the shortestC. taller than JennyD. shorter than David2. Helen is new here, so we know about her.A. nothingB. somethingC. anythingD. everthing3. Yingqi Bird Nest Library, the smallest library in the world, was opened to the public in Nanjing’s Huashu Village the World Reading Day this year.A. onB. inC. atD. as4. Last night the big fire in Sunshine Shopping Mall was started by the children playing with matches. , no one was hurt.A. LuckilyC. SuddenlyC. EasilyD. Sadly5. Can you help me those exercise books? I got a different number each time.A. carryC. moveC. writeD. count6. —Are you going camping this afternoon?—A typhoon is coming. I’m not sure the road to the mountains will be closed.A. whichB. whatC. whetherD. why7. It took me almost a whole day to so many emails.A. deal withB. cut inC. cheer forD. run out8. My sister is still very with me because I broke her new pencil box yesterday.A. popularB. satisfiedC. honestD. angry9. —Have you read the book Jane Eyre?—Yes. It’s a famous book and really worth .A. to readB. readingC. to be readD. read10. It’s reported that Jiangsu Grand Theatre in September this year.A. completesB. is completedC. will completeD. will be completed11. Which of the following words is pronounced /geit/?A. gateB. greatC. greetD. get12. —Hi, Nora. Is your mother at home?—Just a minute! She flowers in the garden.A. plantB. is plantingC. plantedD. was planting13. In the words unhappy and unusual, the un- means .A. veryB. mostC. notD. less14. (on the mobile phone)—Where are you? I can’t see you here at the theatre.— . I’m just one block away.A. Good ideaB. My pleasureC. I’m comingD. Nice talking to you15. —Reading is a good way to pass the time on the plane.— . I never go travelling without a book.A. You are jokingB. That’s trueC. I don’t think soD. It sounds like fun二、完形填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。Rob Howes wanted to spend a day at the beach. He 16 his daughter Nicky and her two friends. Helen Slade and Karina Cooper. They all went to Ocean Beach in New Zealand, where Howes was a lifeguard.The group swam and bodysurfed. Then they saw something 17 . “Suddenly, there are these fins,” said Howes.The 18 saw seven dolphins moving towards them. The dolphins seemed worried. They 19 the water with their tails. They kept moving in a circle around the swimmers. Then one large dolphin swam towards Howes and Helen. Next, it dived(潜水) down underwater. That’s when Howes saw something grey moving in the 20 .A great white shark 21 underwater. It wasn’t far from the people. The shark headed straight towards Nicky and Karina. Now the shark was not slow. It moved 22 ! So the dolphins used their tails to swim even faster. Each one splashed its tail even more. Then Howes knew 23 the dolphins did so. The dolphins didn’t want to 24 him and the girls. These sea mammals(哺乳动物) wanted to keep them safe.The dolphins stayed close to the group 25 the shark left. When Howes and the kids were safe, the dolphins swam away.“You want to say thank you and shake there flippers,” Howes said. This isn’t a fishy tale! These dolphins are heroes.16. A. broughtB. missedC. returnedD. searched17. A. brokenB. commonC. strangeD. polluted18. A. trainersB. coachesC. fishermenD. swimmers19. A. heldB. hitC. cleanedD. provided20. A. poolB. airC. islandD. water21. A. waitedB. washedC. grewD. served22. A. beautifullyB. fastC. heavilyD. away23. A. whereB. whatC. whyD. whether24. A. playB. trustC. harmD. protect25. A. untilB. becauseC. ifD. since三、阅读理解(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)阅读下列材料,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。AAlan is visiting South Mainland with his family. He is reading an information card to help them.Ferry Booking OfficesMousa, Tel: 07901 872339Fair Isle, Tel: 01595 760363ShopsDunrossness, Toab, Bigton, SandwickPlaces to Eat Local FoodSumburgh, Spiggie, Bigton, HoswickPost OfficesDunrossness, Toab, Bigton, LevenwickVisitors CentresBoddam, Hoswick, Sandsayre, CunningsburghSwimming PoolSandwick, Tel: 01950 431511Health CentreLevenwick, Tel: 01950 422240Police StationDunrossness, Tel: 01950 46070726. Which number should Alan call if he wants to book tickets for the ferry?A. 01950 460707B. 01595 760363C. 01950 422240D. 01950 43151127. Where can Alan go to enjoy local food in South Mainland?A. Dunrossness, Toab, Bigton, Sandwick.B. Sumburgh, Spiggie, Bigton, Hoswick.C. Dunrossness, Toab, Bigton, Levenwick.D. Boddam, Hoswick, Sandsayre, CunningsburghBCHARACTERS—Max and EmmaSCENE 1—Dining hall, Sunville Middle SchoolEMMA: Max! Hi! Mr. Sosa says our band(乐队) can play in the talent show!MAX: Cool! I’ll tell Felipe to meet us in the music room after school for a practice.EMMA: Umm. I wonder if it’s a good idea to have Felipe in our hand …MAX: (With his mouth open) Of course it is! He’s really good at the keyboard.EMMA: Really? He seems more interested in maths than anything else.MAX: Well, he says maths and music are connected. He says that learning to read music and playing keyboard is like learning maths formulas(公式).EMMA: Then I’m sure he’s good at music, too. With Felipe on keyboard, we’ll really have an edge over the other groups.28. The underlined word “edge” in the play means “ “.A. temperatureB. advantageC. conversationD. relationship29. Why does Emma wonder if it is a good idea to have Felipe in the band?A. She thinks Felipe will help them win.B. She’s not sure if Felipe is good at music.C. She thinks the band has had enough players.D. She’s imagining what songs Felipe like to play.30. Which of the following shows where the scene happens?A. EMMA: Umm.B. MAX: (With his mouth open)C. CHARACTERS—Max and EmmaD. SCENE 1—Dining hall, Sunville Middle SchoolCA new report shows what life might be like in 100 years from now. It describes skyscrapers that are much taller than today’s buildings, underwater ‘bubble’ cities and holidays in space. Th3e report is from a company. It asked experts(专家) on space and architecture, as well as city planners, to give their ideas on the life in 2116. They said the way we live, work and play will be totally different to how we do these things today. The experts used the Internet as an example. They said that 25 years ago, people could not imagine how the Internet and smartphones would change our lives. The Internet has completely changed the way we communicate, learn and do daily things. The experts said the changes in the next century would be even more unbelievable.Researchers questioned 2,000 adults about the prediction(预言) they thought were most likely(很可能的) to happen in the future. They predicted that in the future, few people will go to an office but will work from home and have work meetings online. People will have highly developed 3-D printers that will let you download(下载) a design for furniture or a food recipe and then ‘print’ the sofa, table or pizza at home. There will also be less need for visits to the doctor. We will all have a home health instrument that will tell us what the problem is and give us treatment. We will also be going into space for holidays and to get resources that we have used up on Earth. A prediction that is missing is whether people will need to study English.31. The writer uses the example of the Internet in Paragraph 1 to show .A. the Internet was often usedB. the Internet has developed fastC. people will not believe the changesD. technology will change people’s lives32. With the help of highly developed 3-D printers, a way to get a sofa in 2116 is to .A. buy one in a shopB. ask somebody to make oneC. download a design and ‘print’ oneD. design and make one by oneself33. According to the passage, the missing prediction is .A. how people will workB. where people will get resourcesC. what people will have at home to treat illnessD. whether people will still need to learn English34. The passage is mainly about .A. the life in 2116B. holidays in spaceC. the history of the InternetD. medical treatment35. The passage is most probably from .A. an advertisementB. a newspaperC. a detective storyD. a health reportDRachel Carson(1907-1964) was a pioneer of the world’s environmental movement through her writing about the protection of the natural world. Her 1962 book Silent Spring made her well known by many people. It describes the harmful changes in the environment of using toxic(有害的) chemicals on farmland.Carson’s career started as a biologist in the US Bureau of Fisheries. In 1951 she published her first book, The Sea Around Us, which became a bestseller. It made her rich enough to leave her job and devote her life to writing. She was a gifted writer. Her next two books were also about the oceans and both topped the book sales lists.Carson’s book Silent Spring completely change the way America though about nature. It painted a bleak(荒凉的) future for the whole natural world. It led to a nationwide ban(禁止) on the use of a deadly chemical called DDT, and other toxic pesticides(农药) that farmers used for their crops. Many people say the book led to the creation of America’s Environmental Protection Agency.Since her death, Carson’s name has continued to be connected with protecting the environment. There is now a yearly Rachel Carson Book Prize. Norway awards the Rachel Carson Prize to women who have made great contributions to the field of environmental protection. In 1980, 16 years after her death, she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian honour in America.36. What happened to Rachel Carson in 1962?A. She started to write books.B. She gave up working as a biologist.C. Her book The Sea Around Us sold well.D. Her book Silent Spring made her famous.37. What most probably made Rachel Carson leave her job?A. She got an award.B. She published Silent Spring.C. The Sea Around Us brought her enough money.D. The US government took notice of her researches.38. Why is the book Silent Spring important to America’s environmental protection?A. It describes a silent spring.B. It topped the book sales lists.C. It changed how American thought about nature.D. It includes all Carson’s research achievements.39. What does the underlined word “It” in Paragraph 3 mean?A. The book Silent SpringB. The way America thoughtC. The US Bureau of FisheriesD. America’s Environmental Protection Agency40. Why was Rachel Carson awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom?A. She published the book Silent Spring.B. She did a lot of researches for the US Bureau of Fisheries.C. She donated much money to the Rachel Carson Book Prize.D. She made great contributions to the environmental protection.非选择题(共50分)四、填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)A)根据括号中所给的汉语写出单词,使句子意思完整正确,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为41-45的相应位置上。41. —I find the game without Kobe Bryant boring.—I don’t agree. One player cannot make a (队).42. There is an (空的) bottle on the road. Everyone should be careful.43. It’s a good idea to give your father a (夹克衫) as a gift on June 19, Father’s Day.44. —Where shall we go for the summer outing, Daniel?—I can’t (记得) exactly, maybe somewhere near Babulo Valley.45. If everyone thinks about pollution and recycling, we can protect the air and help (救) our world.B)根据句子意思,用括号中所给单词的适当形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为46-50的相应位置上。46. At present more and more students choose online courses and study by (they).47. Nanjing looks much more beautiful on (snow) days.48. —Nancy, I really don’t know how to write articles.—Don’t worry. (use) a mind map to organize your ideas.49. This bookstore sells many English (dictionary). You can choose what you like.50. There (be) four students from School for the Blind in Nanjing sharing reading with the students in the US through online video on April 22, 2016.C)根据对话内容,从下面方框中选择适当的单词或短语填空,使对话内容完整正确,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为51-55的相应位置上。always patient Good idea because of do well inA: Which teachers will you miss the most after junior high school, Han Mei?B. Ms. Zhang and Mr. Li.A: I know that Ms. Zhang was 51 enough to repeat grammar rules for you in English class.B. Yes, and Mr. Li helped me 52 maths. He always took the time to explain things to me clearly whenever I couldn’t understand anything. Who will you miss?A: Ms. Wang. She encouraged me in Chinese class. She 53 told me, “You can do it!” I put in more effort and got high marks 54 her.B: Shall we get each of them a card and gift to say thank you?A: 55 . Let’s go shopping tomorrow!五、阅读填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)A)阅读下面短文,根据所读内容,在文章后第56-65小题的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为56-65的相应位置上。注意:每个空格只填1个单词。What will you eat for lunch today? In some countries, lunchtime often means soup time! There are many kinds of soups served around the world. Some are as thin and clear as water. Some are as thick as stews. Others are full of noodles!Soup is just one thing that can be eaten for lunch. What you eat for lunch may be different from the lunch of someone who lives in another country. Let’s take a look around the world to see what kids are eating for lunch.MexicoMany children in Mexico eat tortillas for lunch. Most tortillas are made from ground corn, but sometimes wheat is used. Tortillas are usually flat and round, but they can also be made into other shapes. Taco shells are made from corn tortillas and filled with beans or meal. Tasty sauces, called salsas, are often added to tacos. These sauces are made from tomatoes, onions, hot pepers and spices.RussiaWinters in Russia are very cold. Maybe that’s why many Russian children eat soup for lunch. Two of their favourites are cabbage soup and beef soup.Many Russian soups also include potatoes. Potatoes are an important crop in Russia. They make soups thick. Eating thick soups can help keep people warm and can fill them up, so hunger is no problem!South KoreaMeals in Korea are made up of many dishes. No matter what else is served, there is always rice.Kimchi is also always on the table. Kimchi is pickled(腌制的) meat or vegetables. Korean children mix together many dishes and flavors at meals. It’s common for their food to be hot and spicy.ThailandLunch in Thailand often includes noodles. There are many ways to serve noodles. One popular dish is made with thin rice noodles, tofu and shrimp. Another favourite way to eat rice noodles is with meat, vegetables and thick gravy.What’s for 56 ?Introductionl Different soups are served around the world. In some countries soup time 57 for lunchtime.l Kids in different countries may not eat the 58 food for lunch.Food for lunch in different countriesMexicol Tortillas are popular food made from ground corn or wheat in different 59 .l Taco shells are made from corn tortillas and 60 of beans or meat.Russial Cabbage soup and beef soup are Russian children’s favourites. They eat soup for lunch probably because of the 61 season.l Russians 62 potatoes to soups in order to make them thick.South Koreal There are many dishes in Korea. However, you cannot 63 seeing rice and Kimchi on the table.l Many dishes and flavors are 64 together at meals in hot and spicy tastes.Thailandl People cook or eat rice noodles with different 65 like tofu, meat, vegetables, and so on.B)根据短文内容及首字母提示,填写所缺单词,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为66-75的相应位置上。How long does it take to build a new house? It usually takes about six months or more. B 66 each year, thousands of people work together to build new homes in just four months! Who does this w 67 work? Habitat for Humanity.Habitat for Humanity is a group that builds homes for families in n 68 . It has branches(分部) in different states around the country.This group works all over the world, too. Volunteers help build the homes. They are unpaid workers who do all the work for f 69 . Volunteers can be builders and painters. They can be teachers or bankers. Some are students. Habitat for Humanity has built more than 300,000 houses. More than 1.5 million people l 70 in these houses.Building a home is hard work. Volunteers learn h 71 to put up walls. They use many m 72 and tools. These selfless(无私的) volunteers work with the family that will live in the house. Everyone works together to make the family’s d 73 come true.Suruchi Srikanth has worked with Habitat for Humanity for four years. She b 74 volunteering in high school. She has built many homes with other volunteers. She takes her responsibilities(责任) seriously. Volunteers know i 75 they don’t help, homes may not get built. They are good citizens who care about other people.66.B 67.w 68.n 69.f 70.l 71.h 72.m 73.d 74.b 75.i 六、书面表达(满分15分)假如你是在南京学习的英国交流学生Max,你的英国同学Simon给你写了一封电子邮件。请你根据邮件内容,用英语给Simon回一封电子邮件。Hey Max,I haven’t heard from you since you arrived in Nanjing. How are you getting on? Is everything OK with the school you study in? What are your English classes like?Write soon!Yours,Simon注意:1. 文中不得出现你的真实姓名和学校名称;2. 语言通顺,意思连贯,条理清楚,书写规范;3. 词数80左右,邮件的开头与结尾已经给出,不计入总词数。Hi Simon,Sorry I haven’t written till now. Yours,Max英语试卷 第9页(共9页)南京市2016年初中毕业生学业考试英语试卷参考答案及评分标准一、单项填空CAAAD CADBD ABCCB二、完形填空ACDBD ABCCA三、阅读理解BBBBD DCDAB DCCAD四、填空A)41. team 42. empty 43. jacket 44. remember 45. (to) saveB)46. themselves 47. snowy 48. Use 49. dictionaries 50. wereC)51. patient 52. do well in 53. always 54. because of 55. Good idea五、阅读填空A)56. lunch 57. stands 58. always 59. shapes 60. full 61. cold/winter 62. add 63. avoid 64. mixed 65. food(s)B)66. But 67. wonderful 68. need 69. free 70. live 71. how 72. machines/materials 73. dream(s) 74. began 75. if
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