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【可编辑】南京市盐城市2018届高三年级第二次模拟考试英语试卷及答案.doc

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可编辑 编辑 南京市 盐城市 2018 三年级 第二次 模拟考试 英语 试卷 答案
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南京市盐城市2018届高三年级第二次模拟考试英语2018.3第一部分 听力(共两节,满分20分)第一节(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。(  ) 1. What's wrong with the man?A. He is sick.      B. He is thirsty.      C. He is tired.(  ) 2. What will the speakers discuss?A. A paper. B. A new computer. C. A new viewpoint.(  ) 3. Why does the man make the phone call?A. To book a room. B. To apply for a job. C. To put an advertisement.(  ) 4. How much time did the man spend on the exam?A. One hour and 20 minutes.    B. One hour and 40 minutes.C. Two hours and 20 minutes.(  ) 5. Where does the conversation probably take place?A. In a bookstore. B. In a museum. C. In a library.第二节(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。(  ) 6. What was the woman supposed to do that morning?A. Pick up a guest. B. Repair the fax machine. C. Attend a parents' meeting.(  ) 7. What is the woman complaining about?A. Her bad luck. B. Her daily routine. C. Her naughty kids.听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。(  ) 8. Where does the woman work?A. In the shoe section. B. In the clothes section. C. At the register.(  ) 9. How will the man go back?A. By bus. B. By underground. C. By streetcar.听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。(  )10. What are the two speakers talking about?A. Hotline service. B. Daily life. C. Amusement program.(  )11. What is the purpose of starting the system for teenagers?A. To gain teenagers' trust.    B. To make teenagers study hard.C. To protect teenagers' rights.(  )12. Who might call the number of 961961?A. Students studying law.    B. Students suffering from depression.C. Students having academic problems.听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。(  )13. What do the speakers want to see?A. Monkeys. B. Bears. C. Elephants.(  )14. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?A. Teacher and student. B. Father and daughter. C. Boyfriend and girlfriend.(  )15. Where is the polar bear?A. In a room. B. In the open. C. In a pool.(  )16. Why does the woman advise the man to move to Alaska?A. He is sick of the hot climate.B. He wants to open a cafe there.C. He wants to save the polar bear.听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。(  )17. Who is the woman speaking to?A. Restaurant managers. B. Kitchen assistants. C. Restaurant chefs.(  )18. What might happen if the staff wear rings in work?A. The rings might get lost.B. The rings might get damaged.C. The rings might cause danger.(  )19. How does the woman describe the job?A. It's boring. B. It's stressful. C. It's dangerous.(  )20. Why will they be very busy that day?A. Most tables are reserved. B. The head chef is on holiday. C. The staff are green hands.第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分35分)第一节 单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)请认真阅读下面各题,从题中所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。(  )21. “I'm in China”, ________ invites foreign natives worldwide to experience unique jobs, is a project under the guidance of the State Council.                           A. that B. which C. where D. what(  )22. —How are you getting along with your presentation?—Almost ready, and I ________ all I am supposed to.A. did B. had done C. have done D. shall have done(  )23. Divided into six themes, Victoria's Secret Fashion Show ________ 55 models in 87 looks.A. featured B. represented C. attracted D. impressed(  )24. —Metteo's new album Parama has turned out to be a hit.—Oh, he is really ________ of a lucky dog.A. nothing B. anything C. everything D. something(  )25. I would have gone to bed when I was sick instead of ________ the earth would go into a holding pattern if I weren't there for the day.A. confirming B. predicting C. pretending D. concluding(  )26. The palace has been restored to resemble ________ it was during the time of Emperor Qianlong.A. what B. that C. which D. how(  )27. The policy was rejected ________ a more cautious one.A. in case of B. in view of C. in favor of D. in place of(  )28. —When will you ________ travelling?—Maybe next week.A. go in for B. get around to C. look forward to D. hold on to(  )29. America has become known for its ________ of individualism, which has been a source of conflict with other cultures.A. push B. ban C. offence D. control(  )30. —Do you know the guy over there?—Oh, don't mistake him as an ordinary person. He's a ________ in our company.A. cold fish B. rotten apple C. sly fox D. top banana(  )31. Guanghwa Bookshop as a stand­alone bookshop may face a loss, because profits from selling print books are ________ and rents in central London are high.A. zero B. handsome C. adequate D. slim(  )32. —What do you think of her suggestion?—________, it would be much more sensible to talk about it later.A. Usually B. Generally C. Actually D. Exactly(  )33. What you do not want ________ to yourself, do not do to others.A. doing B. done C. being done D. having done(  )34. Persistent people begin their success ________ others end in failure.A. where B. while C. since D. though(  )35. —It's probably wise to let Princess Elizabeth undertake the Commonwealth tour. ________ —Well, she's up to it.A. What is it? B. If you say so.C. What say you? D. If only I could go.第二节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。In case you missed it, a video last week showed a miniature horse eating a bowl of carrots—from a high chair. A high chair. Yes, really. It might seem __36__, but it might also be the logical extension of the growing __37__ of treating animals as human and treating pets as children. Examples of this attitude are __38__, and range from the innocent to the near­crazy. Some people even __39__ their pets for Halloween or create social media accounts for them.Should this cause __40__? Should we just smile and nod when people treat their pets as such?Should we shrug off the Facebook page “Animals are People Too” and “My Child has Four Paws” ?No. __41__ animals aren't people. And pets aren't children.There seems to be confusion about the __42__ between pets and children. People __43__ the language of parenthood when talking to their “fur kid” or “baby”. Of course, it's one thing to use such language lightly, as an innocent expression of love or a(n) __44__ of the great joy and deep bonds that pets, like children, can create. It's quite another to use this language __45__.Words __46__. Using inaccurate language for things doesn't just blur(模糊) the very real lines between pets and people; it can lead to dangerous delusions(错觉). What if a man __47__ having a baby won't be much different from being a “dad” to a dog?“Pet parents” point out that they do everything __48__ parents do—feed, bathe, clean up, care for, and love. __49__, all these actions form only part of the routines of true parenthood. One does not, and cannot, teach __50__ and morality to cats and dogs, yet that's the most important job of a parent. Having a child means preparing another mind and soul for adulthood and __51__. Having a pet means keeping an animal obedient and dependent so it never __52__ the way a child eventually will.Pets and children serve different roles, __53__ different places in the lives of humans. __54__ these fundamental differences benefits neither creatures nor people. We can call pets “pets” __55__ loving them any less. So stop calling your pets your “children”.(  )36. A. awful B. absurd C. artificial D. awkward(  )37. A. trend B. expense C. demand D. danger(  )38. A. anywhere B. somewhere C. everywhere D. nowhere(  )39. A. pick up B. wake up C. dress up D. feed up(  )40. A. satisfaction B. inspiration C. conflict D. concern(  )41. A. Yet B. So C. Because D. Then(  )42. A. barrier B. comparison C. connection D. difference(  )43. A. master B. interpret C. adopt D. understand(  )44. A. intention B. reflection C. definition D. expectation(  )45. A. literally B. incidentally C. cautiously D. originally(  )46. A. exist B. work C. matter D. spread(  )47. A. believes B. prefers C. proves D. dreams(  )48. A. able B. absent C. reliable D. real(  )49. A. Therefore B. Indeed C. Furthermore D. Otherwise(  )50. A. languages B. attitude C. skills D. character(  )51. A. confidence B. enthusiasm C. patience D. independence(  )52. A. leaves B. plays C. grows D. performs(  )53. A. shifting B. occupying C. providing D. reserving(  )54. A. Revealing B. Denying C. Removing D. Emphasizing(  )55. A. by B. for C. without D. except第三部分 阅读理解(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)请认真阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。ALondon to Brighton Bike RideThe startThe bike ride starts at Clapham Common tube station.Ride carefullyWe put together as many facilities as possible to help ensure you have a trouble­free day. But we also rely on you to ride safely and with due consideration for other cyclists and road users. Although many roads are closed to oncoming traffic, this is not always the case and you should be aware of the possibility that there could be vehicles coming in the opposite direction.Please do not attempt reckless overtaking whilst riding—remember it is NOT a race.(1) ____________If you have an accident, ask a marshal for help; they are in contact with the support/emergency services. To call for help from our motorcycle marshals, give a 'thumbs down' signal. The marshal will do all he/she can to help, providing he/she is not already going to a more serious accident. If a motorcycle marshal slows down to help you, but you have just stopped for a rest and don't need help, please give a 'thumbs up' signal and he/she will carry on. Remember—thumbs down means ‘I need help’.(2) ____________Refer to your route map and make your way to a Mechanics Point. Mechanical assistance is free when you show your Rider Identity Card; you just pay for the parts.Refreshment stopsLook out for these along the route. Most are organized by voluntary clubs and their prices give you real value for money. They are also raising money for their local communities and the British Heart Foundation, so please give them your support. Rain or shine—be prepared In the event of very bad weather, watch out for signs to wet weather stations en route. Good waterproofs, like a cycle cape, are essential. Our first aid staff can only supply bin liners and by the time you get one you may be very wet. However, the English summer is unpredictable—it may also be hot. so don't forget the sun protection cream as well!(3) ____________We will try to pick up your bike for you on the day. Call Bike Events(01225310859) no more than two weeks after the ride to arrange collection. Sorry, we cannot guarantee this service nor can we accept liability for any loss or damage to your bike. Bike Events will hold your bike for three months, after which it may be disposed of. You will be charged for all costs incurred in returning your cycle.(  )56. Which of the following might be the correct order of the missing subtitles in the passage?a. In case of breakdown   b. Attracting assistance   c. If you have to drop outA. a­b­c B. b­c­a C. c­a­b D. b­a­c(  )57. We can learn from the passage that ________.A. first aid staff can provide cycle capesB. some roads may have normal traffic flow on themC. refreshments are free to participants during the rideD. Bike Events won't charge you for the return of your bikeBAnonymising job applications to eliminate(消除) discrimination is not easy.“If you've got the grades, the skills and the determination, this government will ensure you can succeed,” declared the British prime minister, on October 26th, as he introduced plans to tackle discrimination in the workplace. Ten big employers in the public and private sectors—including the civil service, HSBC and Deloitte—have agreed to start recruiting(招募) on a “name­blind” basis in Britain; others may also follow suit. In such schemes, those drawing_up shortlists of applicants cannot see their names, with the aim of reducing racial and sexual bias. But do they work?Several countries have experimented with name­blind applications. In 2010 Germany's Anti­Discrimination Agency, an advisory body, sponsored a voluntary scheme to get businesses to try it. In France a law passed in 2006 made the anonymising of applicants' CVs compulsory for firms of over 50 employees. But the government was slow in laying down the conditions for how the law would operate, and only started performing it last year.In Sweden and the Netherlands there have been some trials. Discrimination against job applicants based on their names is well documented, particularly among ethnic minorities. An experiment in Germany found that candidates with German­sounding names were 14% more likely to be called for an interview than candidates with Turkish ones. A review of various studies, by the Institute for the Study of Labour(IZA), a German outfit, found that anonymised job applications boost the chances of ethnic­minority candidates being invited to an interview. A Swedish study found that it led to more ethnic­minority people being hired.However, the results from other trials are less clear. A second Swedish experiment found that only women, not immigrants, were boosted by anonymous recruitment. According to the IZA, experiments in the Netherlands showed no increase in the likelihood of ethnic­minority candidates being offered a job if their CVs were seen anonymously, suggesting that discrimination had slid in at the interview stage. Ensuring that a candidate is completely anonymous is also tricky.A 2012 French study found that foreign­born candidates and those from poor districts were less likely to be called for interview when applications were anonymised. Its authors suggested that recruiters may have used other indicators, such as knowledge of Arabic, to identify race. In places suffering from religious tension, such as Northern Ireland, the name of a school can reveal a candidate's faith, while a few years missing on a CV may suggest maternity leave(产假), and thus that the candidate is female. Going name­blind when shortlisting candidates may be a sensible start, but it is likely to be just a small step towards ending hiring bias.(  )58. What can we learn from the passage?A. In France, the government started the anonymised recruitment in 2006. B. In Germany, chances of ethnic­minority name­blind candidates being interviewed are slighter.C. In the Netherlands, the anonymous recruitment is more of a trick than an effective practice.D. In Sweden, not only women but also immigrants may well enjoy a higher recruitment rate.(  )59. What does the underlined phrase “drawing up” in Paragraph 2 mean?A. writing out B. taking in C. making up D. picking out(  )60. By writing the passage, the author tries to ________.A. inform readers of the idea of anonymising job applicationsB. explain how anonymisation in recruitment is operatedC. discuss whether anonymisation in job applications worksD. promote the strategies of name­blind recruitmentCSAN FRANCISCO—When you put the headset over your eyes and the game begins, you are transported to a tiny room with white walls. Your task is to break out of the room, but you cannot use your hands. There is no joystick or game pad. You must use your thoughts.You turn toward a ball on the floor, and your brain sends a command to pick it up. With another thought, you send the ball crashing into a mirror, breaking the glass and revealing a few numbers on a wall. You mentally type those numbers into a large keypad by the door. And you are out.Designed by Neurable, a small startup founded by Ramses Alcaide, an electrical engineer and neuroscientist(神经系统科学家), the game offers what you might call a computer mouse for the mind, a way of selecting items in a virtual world with your thoughts.Combining a headset with virtual reality goggles and sensors that can read your brain waves, this prototype(样机) is a few years from the market. And it is limited in what it can do. You cannot select an object with your mind unless you first look in its direction, narrowing the number of items you may be considering.But it works. I recently played the game, which has the working title Awakening, when Alcaide and two Neurable employees passed through San Francisco, and a few hundred others tried it this month at the Siggraph computer graphics conference in Los Angeles.The_prototype_is_among_the_earliest_fruits_of_a_widespread_effort_to_embrace_technology_that_was_once_science_fiction—and_in_some_ways_still_is. Driven by recent investments from the U.S. government and by the herd mentality(从众心理) in the tech world, a number of startups and bigger companies like Facebook are working on ways to mentally control machines. They are also looking for smoother ways to use virtual reality technology. The increased interest in neurotechnology is partly a result of an effort the government administration started in 2013. The initiative helped create significant government financing for brain­interface companies and related work in academy.The Neurable prototype shows what is possible today. Using electroencephalography, or EEG—a means of measuring electrical brain activity that has been around for a decade—the company can provide simple ways of mentally interacting with a game. Some companies hope to go much further and want to build ways of performing nearly any computing task with the mind. Imagine a brain interface for rapidly typing on a smartphone.At Neurable, which is based in Boston, Alcaide and the members of his team are pushing the limits of EEG headsets. Although sensors can read electrical brain activity from outside the skull, it is very difficult to separate the signal from the noise. Using computer algorithms(算法) based on research that Alcaide originally published as a doctoral student at the University of Michigan, Neurable works to read activity with a speed and accuracy that is not usually possible. The algorithms learn from your behavior. Before playing the game, you train them to recognize when you are focusing your attention on an object. A pulse of light bounces around the virtual room, and each time it hits a small colored ball in front of you, you think about the ball. At that moment, when you focus on the light and it stimulates your brain, the system reads the electrical spikes of your brain activity. “Once we understand them, we can use them.” Alcaide expects.(  )61. Which of the following is TRUE about the design of the game?A. You can break the glass with a simple click of the mouse.B. You can select as many items around you as you like.C. The game has boosted government revenues since its release.D. The game can't work without sensors and virtual reality technology.(  )62. What can be inferred from the underlined sentence in Paragraph 6?A. What was a fantasy is coming true with technology.B. Whatever efforts you make might not fruit success.C. Science fiction leads to the development of the prototype.D. The technology behind the prototype enjoys wide popularity.(  )63. What can we learn from the last paragraph?A. It's not uncommon that we usually have different voices in mind.B. There's still a long way to go before the game is fully matured.C. The Alcaide team focuses on limiting the usage of headsets.D. It's impossible for Alcaide to read activities fast and accurately.(  )64. What might be the best title of this passage?A. A game controlled with mind B. A machine leading to the futureC. Neurable: king of tomorrow D. Neurology: a cutting­edge zoneDMiss Martha, aged 40, kept a little bakery on the corner.Two or three times a week a customer came in in whom she began to take an interest. He spoke English with a German accent. His clothes were worn and wrinkled. But he looked neat, and had very good manners.①He_always_bought_two_loaves_of_stale_bread. Fresh bread was five cents a loaf. Stale ones were two for five.Once Martha saw a red and brown stain on his fingers. She was sure then that he was an artist and very poor. No doubt he lived in an attic painting pictures and eating stale bread.Often when Martha sat down to her chops and rolls and jam she would sigh, and wish that the gentle­mannered artist might share her tasty meal instead of eating his dry bread.In order to test her theory as to his occupation, she brought a painting bought at a sale, and set it behind the bread counter.Two days afterward the customer came in.“Two loafs of stale bread, blease.”“A fine picture, madame,” he said while she was wrapping up the bread.“Yes?” says Martha, “I do admire art. You think it is a good picture?”“Der balance is not in good drawing.” Then he took his bread, bowed, and hurried out.How kindly his eyes shone behind his spectacles! To be able to judge perspective at a glance, and to live on stale bread! But genius often has to struggle before it is recognized. She thought he began to look thinner. ②Her_heart_ached_to_add_something_good_to_eat_to_his_meagre_purchase,_but her courage failed at the act. She did not dare insult him. She knew the pride of artists.Martha began to wear her blue­dotted silk waist behind the counter. In the back room she cooked a mysterious compound of quince seeds and borax(a kind of beauty products).One day the customer came in as usual and called for his stale loaves, ③While_Martha_was_reaching_for_them,_a_fire­engine_came_lumbering_past. He hurried to the door to look, as anyone will. Suddenly inspired, Martha seized the opportunity. With a bread knife she made a deep slash in each of the stale loaves, inserted a generous quantity of butter, and pressed the loaves tight again.When the customer turned once more she was tying the paper around them.When he had gone, after an unusually pleasant little chat, Martha smiled to herself. For a long time that day her mind dwelt on the subject. She imagined the scene when he should discover her little deception.He would prepare for his lunch of dry bread and water. He would slice into a loaf, ah!Martha blushed. Would he think of the hand that placed it there as he ate? Would he?The front door bell jangled. Somebody was coming in, making a great deal of noise.Martha hurried to the front. Two men were there. One was a young man she had never seen before. ④The_other_was_her_artist.His face was very red, his hair was wildly rumpled. He clinched his two fists and shook them ferociously at Miss Martha. At Miss Martha.“Dummkopf!” he shouted with extreme loudness; and then “Tausendonfer!” or something like it in German.Martha leaned weakly against the shelves and laid one hand on her blue­dotted silk waist. The young man took the other by the collar.“Come on,” he said, “you've said enough.” He dragged the angry one out, and then came back. “Guess you ought to be told, ma'am,” he said. “He's an architectural draftsman. I work in the same office with him.”“He's been working hard for three months drawing a plan for a new city hall. It was a prize competition. He finished inking the lines yesterday. You know, a draftsman always makes his drawing in pencil first. When it's done he rubs out the pencil lines with handfuls of stale bread crumbs. That's better than India rubber.”“He's been buying the bread here. Well, to­day, well, you know, ma'am, that butter isn't, well, his plan isn't good for anything now except to cut up into railroad sandwiches.”Martha went into the back room. She took off the blue­dotted silk waist and put on the old brown serge she used to wear. Then she poured the quince seed and borax mixture out of the window into the ash can.(  )65. Why did the customer always buy two loaves of stale bread?A. Because he was too poor to afford better ones.B. Because the bread was more delicious and to his taste.C. Because the bread had a special usage for his work.D. Because he wanted to create chances to see Miss Martha.(  )66. Which of the following can best describe Miss Martha?A. Sympathetic, dreamy and decisive. B. Disciplined, ambitious and generous.C. Proud, sensitive and conservative. D. Practical, dependable and diligent.(  )67. What does the “blue­dotted silk waist” symbolize?A. Miss Martha's fine appreciation for art.B. Miss Martha's affection for the customer.C. Miss Martha's strong sense of ceremony.D. Miss Martha's confidence in her baking skills.(  )68. Which of the following sentences best forwards the plot?A. ① B. ② C. ③ D. ④(  )69. Which of the following indicates the change of Martha's feelings?A. Curious→excited→lost→relieved.B. Curious→hopeful→frustrated→calm.C. Nervous→delight
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