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说明: 前面加○的为往年考过的题目,其后面的数字为考过的次数。 前面加△的为可能考到的题目。第一课:1、Like the national push for Asian literacy in Australia, there has been foreign languages fervor in  china, with English on top of the list. 就如澳大利亚在全国推广学亚洲语言一样,中国也掀起一股外语热,在这股热潮中英语高居榜首。2、Is  English such a difficult language that it really demands people to invest a large amount of time and energy before it is mastered? 英语真的有这么难,需要人们投入大量的时间和精力才能掌握吗?○3、From my personal experience, I think learning English means far more than learning its  pronunciation, grammatical rules, etc. 从我个人的经验来看,英语学习不仅仅是指学习英语发音和语法规则等。14、Without a complete understanding of the language, the English a foreigner speaks will inevitably sound strange or even unintelligible though there is not anything wrong with his pronunciation, sentence structure and the words he uses. 对英语没有全面的理解,即便有完美的发音、句子结构、措词,一个外国人所讲的英语也会是稀奇古怪甚至难以理解的。○5、Social customs and habits contribute to the difficulty in learning a foreign language. 社会风俗习惯增加了学习外语的难度。26、By the same token, “Have you eaten?” will sound to native English speakers that the Chinese are so hospitable that they invite people to meals off-handedly. 由于同样的原因,英语母语者听到“吃了吗?”,会觉得中国人非常好客,在事先毫无准备的情况下会请人吃饭。7、The foreigner will respond(回答) “Oh, it’s very nice of you. When?”, if he happens to have a craving(渴望)for Chinese cooking and has not had现在完成时 his dinner yet. 如果这位外国人此刻正希望品尝一下中国美食,而且又碰巧没有吃饭,他会回答:“太好啦,什么时候?”△8、Chinese has nothing in common with English and China had little contact(联系) with the Western world in modern history. 汉字和英语这两种文字毫无共同之处,并且中国和西方世界在近代史上很少接触。9、The background(背景) knowledge of English fascinates(使着迷) large numbers of interested and determined(坚决的) English learners but at the same time disheartens(使气馁) quite a few. 英语背景知识既吸引了大量英语爱好者,也使许多人丧失信心。          ○10、The Western and Oriental values are found to be in confrontation(冲突) in learning English. 英语学习中,东西方价值观念是冲突的。1△11、Native English speakers are more gender blind when they mention their cousins. 在涉及表亲的时候,英语母语的人更容易混淆性别。12、A Chinese English learner could not have a good command of English unless he overcomes the  cultural barriers(障碍物) in learning English. 中国人在英语学习中,只有克服文化障碍,才能很好地掌握英语。第二课:△1、It was the first time I’d gone back home since coming to the United States. 这是我来美国后第一次回家探亲。2、You speak on matters that are of concern(涉及) only to men. 你对那些只与男人有关的事情发表意见。○3、Through my association(交往) with Americans during the past six years, I had gradually (逐渐地)adopted(采用) some of their ways. 在过去的六年和美国人的交往中,我逐渐学会了他们的一些做法。1△4、I no longer belong to the old world and the new world has not yet accepted me. 我不再属于旧世界,但还未被新世界接纳。5、I no longer consider Hong Kong my home and feel homeless. 我不再将香港视做我的故乡,感到无家可归。○6、Things had changed so much in Hong Kong that I didn’t recognize parts of it. 香港发生了巨大的变化,有些地方都认不出来了。1○7、I cut my visit short by three weeks and came back to the United States. 我提前三周结束了这次访问,回到美国。1△8、They gradually(逐渐地) became less warm and friendly toward me. 他们对我渐渐地疏远起来,不像开始时那麽友好。○9、My mother prepared a special dinner in my honor. 我母亲特意为我准备了一顿饭。1△10、They don’t take a silent(沉默的) back seat during a discussion. 在讨论中,他们不会做一个沉默的旁观者。11、Coming back here didn’t lessen(减少) my confusion(混乱) and pain. 回来之后我的困惑和苦恼并没有减轻。12、The houses on the street where I used to live  had been torn down(拆卸) and replaced by office buildings. 我曾经住的那条街上的房子被拆掉了,代之而起的是办公大楼。第三课○1、Never desert(放弃) him when your friend is in the trouble. 不要在朋友困难的时候抛弃他。  1        ○2、To improve national economy is the government’s consistent policy. 发展国民经济是政府的一贯政策。1○ 3、China took a stand on these issues. 中国在这问题上标明了立场。1△4、It is wrong to ignore(不理睬) their suggestions. 不理睬他们的建议是不对的。○5、I always prefer(更喜欢) starting early, rather than leaving everything to the last minute. 我总是先开始工作,而不愿把事情留到最后才做。16、Please see (to it) that my children are taken good care of when I am away.请务必在我外出的时候照顾好我的孩子。△7、The precise meaning of one word can only be defined from the context. 一个词准确的意思只能在上下文中来确定。△8、The instruction of the policeman set the convict on the right path. 警察的教育使这个罪犯走上了正路。△9、Nowadays, many people commit(干坏事) illegal acts in the name of science. 当前,有许多人打着科学的旗号干一些违法的事情。△10、These tickets are available on (the) day of issue only. 这种车票(仅在发售当天)有效。对比:电影票价为五美元。The admission to the movie was five dollars.△11、You don’t have any authority for entering this house, It’s private.  你们没有任何权力进入这所房子,这是私宅。12、I hope you will give favorable(赞成的) consideration(考虑) to my suggestion. 我希望你对我的建议作出肯定的表示。13、Many of us no longer have the peace of mind necessary to a quiet hour with a book.我们很多人再也没有静下来读上一小时书所必需的那种心情了。14、A person with a book is a real person alive on the earth;手不释卷是(活在世上)真正的人。第四课   △1、在你怒火爆发之前,深吸一口气,记住:怒气伤身。 Before you lose your temper(脾气), take a deep breath and remember this: Anger hurts.    2、释放或抑制怒气,其后果没什麽两样,两者对你的健康造成的影响是一样的。It doesn’t matter whether you release(释放) the anger or hold it in. The effects(对-有影响) on your health are the same.  3、一个粗鲁的司机抢了你的道并扬长而去―-要尽量当场就控制住你的怒火。A rude driver who just cut you off has left the scene--work to put your anger on hold right then and there.    4、我们应该尝试着去理解那些曾经对自己不公正的人,试想着些问题是由环境造成的,而非人为因素。We should practice(实践) understanding people who have done us minor(较小的) wrongs, and think of the problems as having been caused by the situations(境遇), not the people.   △5、许多发火的人都不承认他们在生气。Many people who are angry don’t recognize themselves as angry.△6、乐观的消息是,怒气是有办法来控制的。The good news is that it is possible to control your anger.7、你越能接受他们,也就越不会动不动发脾气。The better able you are to accept them, the less angry you’ll be.○8、你知道食品杂货店到周末往往挤满了人,那就索性平时下班后去购物。As you know that the grocery(食品杂货店) store is crowded on weekends, you can shop after work. 1△9、你可以问自己如下几个问题来判断发怒的程度。You can ask yourself the following questions to measure your anger quotient(份额).10、有个推着满满一车货的顾客正好插在你前头。A customer wheeling a full cart cuts ahead of you.11、当你觉得怒火中烧快要爆发了,采取“改变它”或是“接受它”的策略。When you feel anger welling up, take a change-it or accept-it approach(方法).12、如果你对一次已经过去很久的小挫折依然耿耿于怀,是时候释怀了。If you still remember a minor infraction(侵害) long after it happened, it’s time to let go.第五课    1、你曾经在浓雾茫茫的时候到过海上吗?那时候会有这样的感觉:周围是白茫茫的一片,什麽也看不见。轮船焦急万分又小心翼翼地摸索着靠近海岸。 Have you ever been at sea in a dense(浓厚的) fog(雾) when it seemed as if a tangible(切实的) white darkness shut(笼罩) you in,  and the great ship, tense(紧张的) and anxious(担忧的), groped(摸索) her way toward the shore(海岸)?2、我的老师-安。曼斯费尔德。萨莉文小姐来到我家的那一天,是我一生中最重要的日子。The most important day I remember in all my life is the one on which my teacher, Anne Mansfield  Sullivan, came to me.○3、在那个激动人心的下午,我从妈妈的活动和家里人们的忙乱中猜到要有什麽不平常的事情发生。On the afternoon of that exciting day, I guessed vaguely from my mother’s signs and from the hurrying to and fro in the house that something unusual was about to happen. 1△4、我感到有人朝我走来,以为是妈妈,就伸出了手。I felt approaching(接近) footsteps. I thought it was my mother and stretched out my hand.5、有个人握住它,把我拉了过去,紧紧地抱在怀里。这个抱我的人,就是那个将为我揭开生活的帷幕,而且也将把她满腔的爱倾注给我的的人。Someone took it, and then I was caught up(吸住) and held close (包围)in the arms of the person who had come to reveal(揭示) all things to me, and, more important than that, to love me.6、我最后终于成功地把这个单词拼对了,自己有孩子般的高兴与骄傲。When I finally succeeded in making the letters correctly , I was filled with childish pleasure and pride(自豪).7、后来的几天,用这种我也不理解的方法,我学会了拼写很多单词。In the days that followed, I learned to spell in this uncomprehending(不了解的) way many words.8、我和老师生活了几个星期之后,我才明白了每个东西都有自己的名称。My teacher had been with me several weeks before I understood that everything has a name.9、在这个黑暗、寂静的世界中,我对任何东西都没有太深的感情。In the dark, still(寂静) world, I had no strong sentiment (感情)for anything.10、当清凉的水流过我的一只手时,她在另一只手上写出了“水”这个单词,先是慢慢的,然后速度逐渐加快。As the cool stream(流) gushed(涌) over one hand, she spelled into the other the word water, first slowly, then rapidly.    ○11、我一动不动地站着,全神贯注地感觉她手指的动作。I stood still; my whole attention was fixed upon the movements(动作) of her finger.△12、回家的路上,我触摸到的一切都充满了生命的活力。On my way home, every object which I touched seemed to be full of life.△13、走进家门,我想起了摔碎的洋娃娃。On entering the door I remembered the doll I had broken.14、我摸索着向那堆碎片走去,想把它们弄在一起,没有成功。I felt my way to the fragments(碎片) and tried in vain(徒劳的) to put them together.○15、有生以来,我第一次向往新的黎明的到来。For the first time I longed(渴望) for a new day to come.1第六课△1、除了很少的几句外,我对法语一无所知。Apart from a few words, I do not know any French at all.△2、许多妇女对其丈夫有影响。Many a woman has had an influence upon her husband.△3、我们应该把注意力集中在提高学生的英语水平上。We should concentrate our attention on improving the students’ English level.4、幼儿园教师经常带领孩子去看飞机起飞或降落。The nursery teacher often leads her children to watch aircrafts take off or land.△5、所有的饮料都是免费的。All the drinks are free of charge.6、最后他决定买一束玫瑰花送给那个生病的小女孩。 In the end, he decided on buying a bunch(束) of roses(玫瑰) for the sick girl. △7、政府给了我们一笔补助,用来盖另外一间教室。The government gave us a grant to build another classroom..△8、总的说来,这次演出是受欢迎的。Overall, the performance is enjoyed.  △9、申请这个工作你所具备的条件是什么?What qualifications(条件) have you got to have for this job?○10、他把他的成功他以前所受的良好教育。He referred his success to the good education he had had. 1○11、在当前强烈竞争的社会,我们应该具有全面的能力。In a highly competitive(竞争的) society, we should have overall abilities. 2△12、电影票价为五美元。The admission to the movie was five dollars.第七课1、直到公元四世纪,罗马的教会才开始庆祝圣诞。 It was not until the 4th century that the church in Rome began to celebrate Christmas.考过了2、冬天是个让人害怕的时节,天变短了,变冷了,太阳好像有全面消失的危险。The approach(接近) of the winter time, as the days grew shorter and colder and the sun seemed to threaten(可能来临)  to disappear(消失) entirely(完全地), was a time of fear(害怕、恐怖).3、白天最短也意味着冬天即将离去,春天要来了,温暖的阳光,田野里植物返青也不远了。The shortest day also meant that winter was leaving and that ahead(向前) were spring, the warmth of the sun and return of vegetation(植物生长) to the fields.4、他们祝愿朋友“圣诞快乐”“新年快乐”。They wish their friends “A Merry Christmas” and “A happy New Year.”△5、他们用一串串的彩灯装饰圣诞树。They trim their Christmas trees with strings(一串) of colored lights.6、他们把白纸片撒在树上和周围,用白纸包住圣诞树的底部,仿佛树上白雪皑皑。They throw little pieces of white paper over the trees and put white paper or a white sheet(床单) around the feet of the trees, so that they seem to be covered with snow.7、小伙子们把亲吻有意无意地站在树下的漂亮姑娘看作他们的特权。The youths regard(把-认作) it as their privilege(特权) to kiss any pretty young girl who wittingly(有意地) or unwittingly stands under it.8、在树下亲吻这一风俗源于十七世纪的英国。Kissing under the tree originated(起源) in Britain in the early 17 th century.9、每当树下一个姑娘被亲吻时,人们就会从圣诞树枝上拿走一个浆果。A berry(浆果) was to be removed from the bough(主枝) every time a girl was kissed under it.10、小孩在圣诞夜把长统袜挂在床边,他们相信睡着的时候,圣诞老人就会来看他们。Little children hang up their stockings on Christmas Eve near their beds, and they believe that when they are asleep, Santa Claus will come to visit them.11、圣诞节家宴和感恩节的筵席差不多,但最传统的特色就是要有葡萄干布丁甜食。The Chrismas dinner, which is similar to the Thanksgiving feast, is traditionally distinguished(以-为特征) by a plum-pudding(葡萄干布丁) dessert(甜点).○12、许多城镇都在公园内树起很大的圣诞树。Many towns have very large Christmas trees set up outdoors in the parks.  113、空气中弥漫着圣诞的歌声,商店也装饰得红红绿绿-这是圣诞节的传统颜色。The air is filled with the sounds of Christmas songs, and the stores are decorated(装饰) in red and green, the traditional Christmas colors.14、普通群众创造了关于圣诞老人的各种传说,以表达对孩子深深的爱意。The common people have created(创造) legends(传说) of Santa Claus as a symbol(象征) of their deep love for the children.15、主要街道两旁的商人和广告公司把圣诞老人当作了冰冷的商业诱惑。The businessmen and the advertising companies (on the main roads ) have turned Santa Claus into a cold commercial attraction(吸引).第八课 ○1、你务必于下午两点半来参加会议Be sure to attend the meeting at half past two in the afternoon.         1△2、假定明天没有课,我们将去爬长城。Suppose that we had no classes, we would go to the Great Wall.△3、一位好的领导,应该时刻和人民群众保持密切的联系。As a good leader, one should keep close contact with the masses(群众) now and then.△4、如果你处在他的位置上,你就会同情他了。If you put yourself into his shoes, you will be sympathetic( 同情)  with him. △5、老人已经九十岁了,手术后能活下来真是幸运。The old man was 90 years old and lucky to come through his operation(手术).○6、当别人讲话时,不要插嘴。Please don’t cut in when someone is speaking. 17、只要你找出你的弱点,并加以克服,你一定会成为一名优秀生。As long as you find out your shortcoming and overcome it, you are sure to become one excellent (极好的)student.8、上课集中注意力听老师讲解意味着课后少花力气。Listening to the teacher carefully in class means little work after class.△9、在重要的场合,要穿着得体大方。When you are in important occasion, you must wear in good taste.10、当你读完这本小说后,你会看到一个戏剧性的结局。When you finish reading the novel, you will get a dramatic(戏剧性的) end.△11、这些数学题我解答不了。These mathematics questions are over my head.12、如果你想解决这个问题,你最好先找出基本的矛盾。If you want to solve the problem, you had better find out the principal contradiction.第九课○1、这些规章仍然有效。These regulations continue in effect(作用). 22、政府应该在洪水过后为老百姓提供足够的资金用来重建。After the flood(洪水), the government should put up enough funds for the masses to rebuild their hometown. ○3、去年我们获得了棉花丰收。Last year we brought in a good cotton harvest. 1 △4、理论的基础是实践,又转过来为实践服务。Theory is based on practice and in turn serves practice.  △5、这次会谈以双方达成一致协议结束。The negotiation ended up with signing the agreement. △  6、不要在上班时间来访。 Don't call in anybody on work. △7、新来的秘书是个敏捷的、效率高的工作人员,老板对她很满意。The new secretary is a quick, efficient worker, and the boss is quite satisfied with her. 8、你不需要下雨时外出,因为商店可以免费送货上门。You don’t have to go out into the rain since the store delivers(递送) free of charge.9、苍蝇在窗帘上跳来跳去,弄上了许多污点。The flies tapped and blurred(弄脏) at the window curtain(门帘.○10、你能从它的上下文说出这个词的意思吗?Can you tell the meaning of this word from its context? 1△11、真正的权力属于人民。The real power resides in the people.12、科幻小说不能简单地看成是供消遣的,而实际上它给读者展示更深刻的内容。A science fiction cannot be regarded as a more entertainment(娱乐), but in fact it tells the reader much more.第十课1、对于大多数55岁或55岁以下的美国妇女和中国妇女来说,工作包括家务、照顾一个或几个孩子以及一份家庭以外的工作。Work, for most American and Chinese women age 55 and under, involves responsibility(责任) for a household, a child or children, and a job outside the home as well.  △2、在中国,几乎所有年轻的母亲都有职业,但随着步入中年,人数越来越少。In china, nearly all young mothers are employed outside the home, with their numbers decreasing as they approach(接近) middle age. 3、以后,孩子长大了。老两口靠丈夫的收入加上妻子的养老金,生活就不太困难了。Later on, when the children grow up, the older couple(夫妇) can more easily live on the husband’s earnings plus(加上) the wife’s pension(养老金). 4、美国妇女的“金字塔”形状恰好相反:年轻妇女工作的人数较少,而岁数较大时,人数却增加了。The pyramid for American women is the opposite(相反的), with fewer young women employed, and the number increasing at older ages.5、许多年轻的美国母亲觉得自己呆在家里照顾孩子效果更好,等孩子长大些后,能比较独立地生活了,在去找工作。Many young American mothers have found it more efficient to stay home and care for the children themselves, and then find employment later when the children are older and more independent.○6、生活费用的增加需要更多的美国年轻妇女帮助养家。The rising costs of living require more young American women to help support their families. 1△7、要是送孩子上幼儿园和自己上下班的汽车坏了怎麽办?What if the car, necessary to get the child to the daycare center and herself to and from her job, breaks down?8、在中国,年轻的母亲工作,祖母在照看孩子和料理家务上起了不可估量的作用。In China, grandmothers play an invaluable role in taking care of children and households while the young parents are at work.△ 9、奶奶成了家庭中的重要成员,供吃管住是对他们的报答。Grannies become important members of the family, and they are housed and fed return.10、在美国,必须这样做的老年妇女可能有被当作佣人使的感觉。 In America, an older woman who had to fill this role would be likely to feel she was being made a kind of servant.  11、她经历了50年代的生育高峰,把很多子女都抚养大了。自己感到现在不应再看小孩了。She herself tends to feel she deserves 值得to be free of childcare now, having(非谓语动词的现在分词主动,表已经完成) reared the large family of the 1950s baby boom.12、在工作单位里,尽管中国妇女有传统的温而文雅的举止,她们在工作中表现出的自信心似乎比美国妇女更强。On the job, Chinese women seem more confident(自信的), despite their traditional pretty manners, than do American women in their work place. △13、同中国妇女相比,美国妇女似乎不愿向上司大胆表述自己的意见。Compared with Chinese women, American women seem less inclined(倾向) to speak up easily to the boss.       ( 2006-4考过了)    14、中国妇女没有社会地位上的竞争,特别是没有家庭代表的社会地位的竞争。Chinese women are free of the competition(竞争) for status(身份), especially as represented(表现) by their homes. △15、生活中我们所期望的和我们已经习惯的一切都会对我们的评价有很大的影响。What we expect in life and what we are used to would strongly influence(影响) our evaluation.第十一课   △ 1、一名有自己风格的演员不应该效仿别人。 As an actor with one’s own unique(独特的) style , one should not follow in other’s footsteps. ○2、没有什麽东西能确保永久的幸福。 Nothing can assure(保证) permanent(永久的) happiness.1  3、我父亲坚持认为我应该嫁给一个有名的艺术家。 My father insisted that I should marry into a famous artist. △4、据说,后来那个丑姑酿爱上了一个潇洒的王子。It was said that later the ugly girl fell in love with a handsome prince.   ○5、她看起来更像她父亲,而不是她母亲。She looks like her father rather than her mother.   △6、多亏了你的帮助,否则我们是不能按时完成这项工作的。Thanks to your help, or we couldn’t have finished the work on time. △7、那名学生恐惧地观看检查室的四周。The student looked around the examination room with apprehension.   8、新来的邮递员在雾中仔细张望,设法寻找到他要找的那一家。The new postman peered(凝视) through the mist(薄雾), trying to find the right house. △9、充分考虑后,他决定接受那份工作。After due consideration, he decided to accept the position. △10、这两座姐妹工厂相隔三英里。The two sister plants are three miles apart.   ○11、她认为她的天职就是帮助老人和病人。She believed that her mission in life was helping the old and the sick.     1 △12、相信你的直觉,按你自己认为对的去做。Trust your instincts(本能) and do what you think is right.第十二课△1、很多重要事情有助于实现我们的总目标,使生活更丰富更有意义。Many important things contribute to our overall objectives and give meaning to life. 2、如果忽视这些事情,我们就会整日忙碌地喘不过气来,生活乱作一团。 If we ignore(不理睬) these things, we become buried(埋葬) alive.△3、紧迫给人制造重要的假象。Urgency creates the illusion(幻想) of importance.4、很多重要事情由于耽误、计划不周或者事前预防不力而变得紧迫。Many important activities become urgent(紧急的) through delay(耽误), or because we don’t do enough prevention(预防) and planning.       (2006-4考过了)5、真正意义上的休闲属于第二部分有价值的活动。Recreation(娱乐) in its true sense is a valuable Part 11 activity.6、快速区分两部分活动的途径是问问自己这件紧迫的事情是否有助于实现一个重要的目标。A quick way to differentiate(区分) between activities of the two part is to ask yourself if the urgent(紧迫的) activity contributes to an important objective.7、你为什麽不根据从上面问题中得出的答案做事呢? Why don’t you do the things you have identified(鉴别) from the questions above?△8、你的大部分时间花在哪个部分?Where do you spend most of your time? 对比:△我们哪有时间消磨在网络上?Where are we going to get the time to live with the Web? 第160页○9、计划、准备和预防能够避免许多事情变得紧迫。Planning, preparation(准备), and prevention(预防) keep many things from becoming urgent. 110、忽视该部分就会扩大第一部分的范围,增加压力和深层危机。Ignoring this part feeds and enlarges(扩大) part I, creating stress(压力) and deeper crises(危险).第十三课    1、由于睡眠不足,特丽萨的眼睑松垂,但她考试成绩总是出类拔萃,作文写得比要求的长,数学题目要再做一遍,以保证卷面整洁。 Her eyelids(眼皮) sank from lack(因缺乏) of sleep, but Terasa’s axams were always perfect(理想的), her writings longer than required, and her math problems rewritten to ensure cleanness,△2、好像她天生就是为了取得成功,甘心情愿地把自己牺牲在成就名声当中。It seemed that she was born to succeed and was more than willing to sacrifice herself in the name of achievement.3、当今许多学生表现出一种让人不安的倾向,他们基于将来能挣多少钱的考虑来选择院校、研究领域和职业。Many students today display a worrying tendency to choose universities, fields of study and careers(事业) on the basis of earning potential(可能的).○4、这一增长主要是由于教育和职业重点的转变所致。This rise has been attributed primarily to the change in educational and career emphases. 15、在杜克大学,经济学是现在最热门的专业,吸引了大约整个学校15%的本科生,而历史系的学生仅占整个本科生比例的5%。At duke, economics is now the most popular major(专业), attracting nearly 15 percent of undergraduates(大学生), while history majors are only 5 percent of the undergraduate population.6、三十年前,情况恰好相反,主修经济学和商业管理的学生仅占本科生比例的7%,而几乎12%的本科生说是主修历史学的。Thirty years ago the situation was reversed(相反的), with economic and business administration majors together being 7 percent of undergraduates and almost 12 percent of undergraduates declaring(宣称) themselves history majors. 注:reverse 同义词  opposite,见前面一个汉译英:美国妇女的“金字塔”形状恰好相反:年轻妇女工作的人数较少,而岁数较大时,人数却增加了。The pyramid for American women is the opposite(相反的), with fewer young women employed, and the number increasing at older ages.7、经济学学位现在很是吃香,很有可能让毕业生拿到高薪,也不用像攻读医学或法律那样需要付出更多的努力。Degrees in economics are popular and likely to offer(vt.贡献)their holders(持有者;所有人) high salaries without the added effort(努力) of medical(医学的) or law school.   比较:economic形容词或名词 ;economics名词△8、从当代大学生的目标来看,经济学类确实很吸引人。Given the goals of the college students of this generation, such options are attractive(吸引人的).9、由于这种错误教育观点的误导,学生们更加相信学习是个机械的手段,通过它可以实现其他的目标。With this wrong idea of education, students convince(使相信) themselves again and again that learning is a mechanism(机械装置) by which one reaches other goals.10、大学录取的过程并不完备,很难区分哪些学生是致力于学问研究,哪些学生是想实现其他目的的。The college admission(录取) process, an imperfect(有缺点的) science, can rarely(很少地) distinguish(区别) between those students committee(忠于)d to learning and those committed to other aims.11、他们把绝大部分精力花在了追求目标而不是探求知识的理解上。Their energies are best spent in pursuitof the goal rather than an exploratory(探测的) pursuit for understanding.   [exploratory  a.——explore vt.]△12、虽然有各种不利的现实,但仍能看到希望之所在。Despite the unfavorable(不顺利的) facts, there is still hope to retain.13、他们为知识而学习,提问的问题涉及各学科,把每一次经历都看作思维探险的机会。They learn for the sake(为了) of learning, ask questions on any subject and regard each experience as an opportunity(机会) for a mental(智力的)adventure(冒险).14、理解了这一点,就可以在每时每刻发现潜在的欢乐,而仅仅注重结果只会在完成任务的瞬间又即逝的快乐。Understanding this can help find potential(潜在的) happiness in every moment, while focusing only on the result provides very short happiness upon achievement.15、当代人把学习当作是实现某一目的的手段,这损害了他们所受教育的质量,他们生活的质量也受到损害。In treating(处理) learning as a means to an end(达到目的的手段), this generation has damaged(被损害的) the quality of their education and consequently(从而), the quality of their life.第十四课 △1、我正骑着自行车向前走,车胎突然爆了。When I was riding the bike, the tire(轮胎) suddenly blew up.○2、她和我说话的神情,好像她早就认识我似的。She spoke to me as though she knew me. 1○3、他们的观点和我们的冲突。Their viewpoints are in conflict with ours.1△4、由于粗心大意,他的实验注定要失败。His experiment will be doomed(注定) to failure because of carelessness.          △5、请提醒我九点前给她打个电话。Please reminds me that I must call her up before nine.△6、物以稀为贵。The rarer(更稀罕的) it is, the more it is worth.此句类似于:你越能接受他们,也就越不会动不动发脾气。The better able you are to accept them, the less angery you’ll be.○7、在现代社会中,受教育不应该被看成是一种特权。Education should not be considered to be a privilege in a modern society. 2△8、友谊增进欢乐,分担忧愁。Friendships multiply(增加) joys and divide(分开) griefs(忧伤).9、海堤能抵挡海浪的冲击。The sea  wall sustains(撑住) the shock of the waves.10、高失业率并不是技术发展的结果,而是消极公共政策的后果。High unemployment is not the result of the pace(速度) of technological change but the consequence(结果) of passive(被动的) public policy.第十五课 △1、六年来,28岁的凯特白天上大学,晚上工作。The 28-year-old Kate spent six years working at night while she attended college during the day.2、我想要换一双长统袜,但觉得要是换的话,就要迟到了。I thought about changing(交换) for another pair, but I knew I’d be late if I did .△3、我进去后,立刻为自己的糟糕形象向校长道歉。I walked in and immediately(立即) apologized(道歉) for not looking my best.△4、我努力坐得让校长看不见这个小洞。I tried to sit in a way that the headmaster couldn’t see the hole.5、如果一个人在面试中不花点时间来展示她最好的形象的话,她会是怎样的一个老师呢?If a person doesn’t take the time to present(呈现) her best image(肖像) at an interview, what kind of teacher is she going to be?○6、如果你在最初关键的四分钟内能给别人留下好印象的话,你所遇到的这个人就很可能会以为你做事总能令人满意。If you are viewed positively within the first four critical minutes, the person you’ve met will likely assume everything you do is positive(积极的).1△7、人们倾向把注意力集中在他们所看见的,所听到的,以及我们实际说的话上。People tend to focus on what they see, on what they hear, and on our actual words.8、虽然我们都知道“内在品质是最重要的”,然而研究表明,雇主一般认为外表引人注目的人更有才能、更惹人喜爱、更值得信赖。We know “it’s what’s inside that counts(注意)”, but research shows that physically(身体上的) attractive people are generally regarded(关心) by employers(雇主) as more intelligent(有才智的), likable(可爱的) and creditable(可信的).9、工作中,衣着必须传达出你有能力、可信任、具有权威等信息。At work, your clothes must convey(传达) the message that you are competent(有能力的), reliable(可信赖的) an authoritative(权威的).10、如果你要去一家从没去过的公司面试,但不知道穿什麽好,向这家公司要一份年度报告,研究一下照片上雇员的穿着,或者提前到这家公司去看看他们是怎麽穿衣打扮的。If you are to have an interview at a company you’ve never visited and aren’t sure what to wear, send for(派人去拿) a copy of its annual report and study what the employees(雇员) pictured are wearing, or drop(随便访问) by ahead(提早) of time to see how they dress(穿衣).△11、你的一举一动都会在很大程度上影响面试者对你的印象。How you move and gesture(手势) will greatly influence an interviewer’s first impression(印象) of you.12、实际上,面部表情或语调同话语矛盾时,听者通常更注重非语言信息。In fact, when our facial expression or tone of voice conflicts with our words, the listener will typically put more weight on the nonverbal message.比较:facial(面部的)——face 脸△13、如果面试者没有主动和你握手,那麽你就先伸出手来。If the interviewer doesn’t initiate(发起) the gesture, offer your hand first.14、控制身体语言,确保你显得并不过分急需这份工作,也不急于迎合别人。Monitor(监控) your bady language to make sure you don’t seem too desperate(不顾一切的) for the job, or too eager(渴望着) to please.15、如果你研究过一家公司的年度报告,考虑一下对这家公司过去一年取得的重大成就做做评论。If you’ve studied the company’s annual report, consider remarking(评论) on any great progress(进步)




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