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【可编辑】最新人教版七年级上册英语第三四单元知识讲解和练习题.doc

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可编辑 编辑 新人 教版七 年级 上册 英语 三四 单元 知识 讲解 练习题
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Welcome eraser dictionary teacher excuse thank he一.选词填空,并用其适当形式完成句子,每空一词,每次限用一次。1. Ms.Miller is my English _______.She is very nice.2. Here is my schoolbag.Two_____and an_______are in it.3. ________me,Grace.Is this your pencil?yes,thank you.4. ________you for you help.you are ________.5. Is that your schoolbag?No,it is not.It is______.二.选择恰当的单词,完成下列句子1. ________that your pencil box?(is/are) Yes,it is.2. ________these your books?(is/are)No,they are not.3. That is not my ruler.It is _______.(her/hers)4. Those are not my pencils.They are _______.(he/his)5. Are these your _______?(dictionary/dictionaries) Yes,they are.6. These are my _______.(pencil box/pencil boxes)7. Here is _____eraser in my pencil box.(a/an)8. Are those your pencils? No,they are_______(Bob/Bob's)三.按要求完成下列句子,每空一词1. This is my ruler.(改为一般疑问句并做肯定回答)_______this _____eraser?_______,it_______.2. That is his green pen.(改为一般疑问句并做否定回答)_______that_____green pen?_______,it_______.3. These are her keys.(改为一般疑问句并做肯定回答)_______these____keys?_______,they_______.4. Those are my dictionaries.(改为一般疑问句并做否定回答)_______those your________?_______,they_______.5. These are my books.(改为同义句)These books are______.6. They are her pencil boxes.?(改为同义句)These pencil boxes are _______.四.根据汉语意思完成下列句子,每空一词1. ______ ______(这是)your______(铅笔)?Yes,it is.It's_______(我的)2. ______ _______(那是)his schoolbag?No,it is not.It is _______(她的).3. Are these your ______(橡皮)?No,they are not.They are ________(他的).4. Is this _______ _______ _______(他的绿色铅笔)No,it is not.The blue pen is ______.(他的)6. _______(谢谢)you for your______.7. Is that _______ _______(Anna的书包)No,it is Sally's.8. ______those______ _______(Bob的铅笔)No,_____ _____(不是).They are mine.Yours notebook watch library Classroom五.选词填空,完成句子,每空一词,每次限用一次1. I lost my _____ this morning.I don't know the time.2. There are many books in the school______.you can go and borrow some.3. Some baseballs are in _____7E.Are they yours?4. What is in the bag? Oh,a_____and an ID card.5. A notebook is in the library.Is it_______? Yes,thanks.六.选择恰当的单词,完成下列句子1. I have two _______.They are yellow and blue(watch/watches)2. There are two _____in our school.(library/libraries)3. My phone number is 495-3539.Call _______.(I/me)4. I lost my school ID card.Call me ______ 685-6777.(at/in) 5. A set of ______ is in the library. Are they yours?(key/keys)七.根据汉语意思完成英语句子,每空一词1. I lost ______ _______(我的手表)this morning。2. How do you________(拼写)it?3. Please _______ _______ _______(请给我打电话)699-9988.4. Is this ______(戒指)your ______(妈妈的)?八.选择适当的句子完成对话  A.You are welcome.  B. And that’s my baseball.C. Here’s your baseball. D. Is this your watch? E.What’s your name?Linda: I lost my watch this morning. Man: OK. 1 Linda: No, it isn’t. That’s my watch.Man: Here you are.  Linda: And that’s my ID card.Man: OK.2 Linda:Linda.  Mike: That’s my pen. Man: This?  Mike::YES.3Man: All right. What’s your name? Mike:Mike.  Man: OK.4 Mike: Thank you.  Man: 5 1. VocabulariesWhere, table, bed, sofa, chair, on, under, come, desk, think, room, their, hat, head, know, radio, clock, tape, player, model, plane, tidy, but, our, everywhere, always, bookcase, come on, yeah, tape player, model plane.2. Phrases and sentencesPhrases: On the sofa, under the table, come on, on their bed, on your head, in his schoolbag.Sentences: ①-- Where’s the schoolbag? -- It’s under the table. ②—Where’s his pencil box? -- It’s in his schoolbag. ③-- Where’s your ruler? -- It’s on the chair. ④—Where are their keys? -- They’re on the desk. ⑤—Are the keys on the sofa? --Yes, they are. --No, they aren’t. They’re on the table. ☆在这些句子中,不要忘掉系动词be(is、are)。3. Key points⑴ -- Where’s the schoolbag? 我的书包在哪里?-- It’s under the table. 它在桌子下面。☆这是一个由疑问副词where引导的特殊疑问句。Where:在哪里、哪儿。通常用来询问某人或某物在什么地方。其结构为Where+be+主语。Be动词的单复数形式取决于后面的主语。若主语是复数,如his backpacks, your keys等,where后用are;若主语是单数,如her computer,my chair等,where后则用is。例如:--- Where is the basketball? 篮球在哪里?☆对于特殊疑问句,我们不能用Yes 和No回答,而要用一个陈述句或短语来作出明确的回答,说明某物在某个地方。答句的结构是:主语+be+方位介词+冠词/代词+名词。例如:It’s under the chair.它在椅子下面。⑵ 介词in, on和under↗介词是一种虚词,在句中不能单独作句子成分。介词后面一般有名词、代词、冠词或相当于名词的其他词类、短语或从句作它的宾语。介词和它的宾语构成介词词组,在句中可作状语、表语、补语等。↗in表示“在……里”,无论在大的范围还是在小的范围内,都要用in。如The book is in your backpack.那本书在你的书包里。↗on表示表面上的接触,一个在另一个的上面,即“在……的上面”。如:An apple is on the table. 一个苹果在桌子上。↗under表示“在……下”,指在某物垂直的下方。如:The baseball is under the desk.棒球在桌子下面。⑶ I’m Kate, and my sister is Gina.我是凯特,我的妹妹是吉娜。▲ and意思是“和、与、并、同”,通常用来连接两个并列或对称关系的词、词组或句子。例如:I help you and you help me. 我帮助你,你帮助他。▲ and连接两个或两个以上的并列成分时,最后两个成分用and连接,其他用逗号隔开。连接两个或两个以上的单数人称代词时,通常按照“第二人称、第三人称、第一人称”的顺序。例如:You, he, and I like English .我、你、他都喜欢英语。▲ and用在good,nice,fine等词之后,表示“很”.如:The book is good and expensive.这本书很贵。⑷ I think it’s in your grandparents’ room.我认为它在你祖父母的房间里。※ 该句是含有宾语从句的复合句。It’s in your grandparents’ room作think的宾语。英语中,用一个句子作宾语,这个句子叫做宾语从句。例如:I think that hat is nice. 我认为那顶帽子很漂亮。※ think是动词,意为“认为;想”。I think是发表自己的观点或判断,表示“我认为、我想”。带有不太确切的猜测的语气,是口语中常用的委婉说法。例如:I think so.我认为是这样的。※ 当think后的宾语从句要表示否定时,习惯上将否定词not转移到think前,称为否定前移。例如:I don’t think he is at school.我认为他不在学校。※grandparents’是名词所有格形式,表示所属关系,意为“祖父母的”它的构成方法分为单数名词和复数名词两大类,具体见课本86面。⑸ I don’t know.我不知道。● know是动词,意为“知道、认识”。例如:I know him.我认识他。● 在回答别人的问题时,如果不知道可以用I don’t know来回答。使用时习惯上在前面加上sorry,表示礼貌。例如:--Where are my books? 我的书在哪里?--Sorry, I don’t know. 对不起,我不知道。⑹ I’m tidy, but Gina is not.我很井井有条,但是吉娜不是这样。★ tidy是形容词,意为“整洁的、井井有条的”。例如:Linda’s room is very tidy. 琳达的房间非常整洁。★ but是连词,意为“但是”,表示转折关系,用来连接两个单词或句子,其前后的词、短语或分句有相对立或对照的关系。例如:He likes playing basketball but he doesn’t like playing ping-pong. 他喜欢打篮球,但不喜欢打乒乓球。⑺ Gina’s books are everywhere.吉娜的书到处都是。→ everywhere是复合副词,由every和where合成。意为“处处、到处、各个地方”。相当于“here and there”。例如:He wants to go everywhere in China.他想到中国的各个地方去走一走。→ everywhere为副词,它的前面不能接副词。例如:The clothes(衣服) are everywhere in her room.在她的房间里衣服到处都是。⑻ Gina always asks.吉娜总是问。◆always是表示频率的副词,意为“总是”,其位置常在be动词之后、实义动词的前面。例如:He is always late for class.他总是上课迟到。◆asks是ask的第三人称单数形式。当句子的主语是第三人称单数时,谓语动词要用第三人称单数形式。动词第三人称单数形式的变化规则与名词单数变复数的规则基本相同。例如:She plays sports every morning.她每天上午进行体育运动。⑼ Come on, Jack!快点儿,杰克!☆ come on用于表示催促、鼓励、安慰等,此处表示催促,意为“赶快,快点儿”。例如:Come on, it’s dark.快点儿,天黑了。☆ come on表示请求、鼓励、劝说等,意为“来吧;行啦”。例如:Come on, Cindy. Don’t be shy.来吧,辛迪。别害羞。☆ 用于体育竞赛等场合鼓励队员,意为“加油”。“Come on! Come on! ” shouted the Class One students. “加油!加油!”一班的学生大声喊道。☆ 用于招呼别人,意为“来、过来”。例如:Come on! This way, please. 来,请走这边。I. 选择填空(30分)( )1. _________ your hat?A. Where B. Where're C. Where's D. Where are( ) 2. Is his pencil case ____________ the drawer?A. in B. at C. of D. to( ) 3. Hello, mum! I need my English book. Can you _________ it to school?A. need B. take C. bring D. have( ) 4. The CDs ____________ in the drawer. A. am B. is C. are D. be( ) 5. —Are the shoes under your bed? —____________. A. Yes, it is B. Yes, they are C. No, it isn't D. Yes, they’re(  )6.________ under the tree? No,they aren’t.A.Where are B.What is C.Are they D.Is it( ) 7.I need to take the video tape _______ school. A. for B. of C. at D. to( ) 8. Please ________ this key to your sister. She is at school. A. bring B. brings C. take D. to take( ) 9. Look. This is ________ clock. It’s _______ alarm clock.A. a; an B. an; an C. an; a D. a; a( )10. __________ my toys. They are new. A. Here are B. Here is C. This is D. That is( )11. —________under the desk? -No, they aren’t.A. Where are B. What’s C. Are those rulers D. Is that ruler( )12. -Where is your father? -__________.A. They are in the bedroom B. It is in the bedroom C. I don’t know ( )13. — Are Jack and Mary your friends? —________.A. Yes, they areB. They areC. Yes, they’re( )14. My computer game is ______ the drawer and my books are _______ the sofa. A. on; on B. in; in C. on; in D. in; on ( )15. Look. This is a picture _____ my room. ________ bedroom is clean. A. of; A B. of; The C. for; A D. for; The( )16. Look at those ________. They are nice.A. photoes B. photos C. photo D. a photo( )17.Is your photo in the drawer? ________.A.Yes, I am B.No,it is C.Yes,it is D.No,I’m not( )18.---________ my baseball? ---It’s under the chair.A.Where B.Where’s C.Where’re D.Where are( )19.---________ under the tree? ---No,they aren’t.A.Where are B.What is C.Are they D.Is it( )20.I need some things_________ class this afternoon. A. in B. at C. of D. for( )21.There ________ a computer on the desk.A.are B.have C.has D.is( )22.A notebook and an eraser _________ in the pencil case. A. are B. is C. am D. have( )23.I need to take the video tape back _________ the store after school. A. for B. of C. at D. to( )24. Look at those ________. They are _______. A. photoes; hers B. photos; his C. photo; her D. photoes; mine( )25. --- ______ behind ______? --- My alarm clock. A. What’s; the chair B. Where’s; the chair C. What are; the chair D. Where are; a chair( )26.He ________ a small room. ________ a nice desk in it.  A.is, There is B.has, Has C.have, There is D.has, There is( )27.Lucy and Lily ________ a new bike.  A.have B.has C.there is D.there are( ) 28. Sally. I need my dictionary. Can you ___________?A. bring me it B. take me it C. bring it to me D. take it to me( )29. Please _______ the eraser _______ here. I need it. A. bring, / B. take, / c. bring, to D. take, to( )30. --Is my baseball _____ the chair? I can’t see it. – Yes, it’s there. A. under B. for C. of D. onII. 选择合适的答语(10分).( ) 31. What’s in the room? A. Your baseball? I don’t know.( ) 32. Is that Jeff? B. Yes, they are.( ) 33. Are these your grandparents? C. No, they are in the backpack.( ) 34. How about my pencil case? D. It’s on the desk.( ) 35. Are the books on the sofa? E. No, it’s Jack.( ) 36. Is the computer on the desk? F. Yes, it is.( ) 37.Who is your friend? G. No, it’s my cousin.( ) 38.What’s this in English? H. There are some things in it.( ) 39. Is that boy your brother? I. Guo Peng.( ) 40.Where’s my baseball? J. It’s a clock.III. 阅读理解:This is a room in Kate’s house. There is a big bed, a table, a computer and some chairs in it. There’s a glass and some books on the table. There is a picture on the wall. Kate is in the room. She is looking at the picture. Her father and mother are in the school. They work hard. ( )41.Is there only one room in Kate’s house?A.Yes, there is. B.There is a bed. C.There is a computer. D.I don’t know.( )42.What’s in the room? A.Only a bed. B.Only a table. C.Only some chairs. D.A bed, a table, a computer and some chairs.( )43.Is there anything on the table?   A.Yes, there is. B.No, there isn’t. C.Some books. D.A glass.( )44.Who is at home?   A.Kate’s father. B.Kate’s mother. C.Kate s brother. D.Kate.( )45.Kate’s father and mother are ________.   A.teachers B.students C.friends D.at homeMy name is Jeff. I’m English. But now I live (住) in China. I am a student. This is my classroom. Fifteen small desks and thirty chairs are in the classroom. They are for (给) classmates (同班同学) and me. A big desk is in the classroom, too. It’s for my teacher. A clock is on the back (后面)wall of the classroom. Next to the clock is a map. It’s a map of China. My classroom is nice and clean. I like it very much. ( )46. Who is Jeff? A. A schoolboy. B. A schoolgirl. C. A Chinese student D. American.( )47. What is Jeff talking about? A. The family. B. The school. C. The classroom. D. The park.( )48. What’s on the back wall of the classroom? A. A clock. B. A map. C. A map and a clock. D. A picture. ( )49. How many desks are there (有) in the classroom? A. Fifteen. B. Sixteen. C. Thirty. D. Thirty-one.( )50. What does the underlined (划线) “it” mean (意思) in the passage (文章)? A. The classroom. B. The map of China. C. The big desk. D. The schoolIV.英汉互译 (10分)1.在桌子下________________ 2. 在抽屉里 ________________ 3.在沙发上面 ________________ 4. 在图片里 ________________ 5.在书架上 ________________ 6. 把… 带走到… ________________ 7. 我不知道 ___________ 8. 把… 带来到… ________________9.在地板上 ___________ 10. 他的录像带______________V、句型转换。(10分 )1. His baseball is under the table. (变为一般疑问句) _________________________________________________________? 2. His dresser is next to his bed. (变为否定句) _________________________________________________________. 3. My keys are on the sofa. (对划线部分提问) _________________________________________________________? 4. They are on the sofa.(改为单数句子) ____ _ _____ on the sofa.5.Your baseball is under the chair.(对划线部分提问) _______ ______ your baseball?VI、 根据所给汉语, 完成句子(20分)1、 请把这些东西带去给你的哥哥。Please __________these_________ __________ your brother. 2. 你能带一些你家的照片来学校吗? Can you __________some photos of your family __________ school? 3.这是我的全家福。  _________ is the photo_________ my _________.4. 他的书包在桌子下面。His ____________ is ____________ the table.5. 我的字典在沙发上。My ____________ is ____________ the sofa.6. 我的棒球在哪里?____________ my baseball?7. 我的钥匙在梳妆台上吗?没有。____________ my ____________ on the dresser? No,____________ ____________.8. 她的闹钟在我的桌子上面。Her is on my .VII、 书面表达(10分)李雷想要他妹妹李梅给他带些东西到学校来:地板上的笔记本;书桌上的尺子;桌底下的录像带;书橱上的数学书。请你给他写一张留言条。Dear Li Mei, —————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Thanks, Li Lei          7
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